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Index Sapplem«ut to tho Kot« ud QneiiM^ vUh Ko. 187. Jnly tB, 






• * 

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• • 

• ■ 

a • 




• • 

• ■ 




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■ • > 

.* : 

• • 
* • • 


■ « • 


• ■ 

* ■* 







■ • • ■ 



• • 




• • 

, • 



* ■ < • 

• • • * • 

' • 

• • 




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* *, 


• «• 

• • - " 










. . 

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• • 


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"^ ."" 



5 UUbittm of gntcrcommunicatioR 

^IIThaii fouiid, mak« a nota of.'* — CArTAnr Cnm.!. 

\o. 158. 

Saturday, January 6, 1883. 

Fbics PoDKPtirOK. 





Krom Ihc (Jtm»a of H^X DUKCKBR, hf fcVEI.lf N AfiRofr, 
n.A. t.I>D-,of i)*nM Cfllcfc. UxfgrJ. Tbr Snt ^ foli art nuw 
pttliilabcd, tu dear STo. Uc cmIl 

••• rw MsU rufciM*. ttmtJkMme fiW VWft, te ««p nmig. 

le HISTORY of ROME. Prom the 

iroifcn r THMJ['(JR MOMHtSKN, br the R»'. W. P. l'H.-K- 
IiIpN. KlLh ftn iDtnMlnetlaa br Vx. ftOH 31117. Tbi Llbnrr 
Ultlun, 4 fols. ilrmy Ihro. Tb< ; ot ttu fttpuUr SdlUoo, « ToUi 


lb* Otrnui «r CHN»T CCRTIUS. t>r A. W. ITARK. M.A. 
5 tola demy five. »0a. 

;8AYS: Classical and Theological. 

Br l'>f ■«(••• oNNOj' TIM IlLWALL.I).n^BUh;>p of M.I>kViii. 
AdiUil bj Li£AN tXKuWaE. I»c»jBTo.Uii 


by tliel>tfl U ALTVllt rAKgUHAR. II<>UK. r'.l>.. Una 
[Wt t.hicheiUr. tAH^l hy iti* Rrr. V, WTV.B. JiuuK, RMt«r vt 
FMlvdL 1 fulr.druijSro. 1««. ad. 


OANTIlltSnBV.frdn) ST. AU'JHhTIN tu JVXoS. 
,VAtTICR rARiJl'UAR ilUuK, VI*.. U»ii of 

^ fata, duAjp Bw. aL A*. 


te RISE and PROGRESS of the 

Ouif JujUccof L'ejUo. TPtUUj £dition, Lru«<u ero. e<. 


UKtrAlK, IT1I1-I«ir. Dr WILLIAM JAUE-'. with ft CnnttDUft- 
%«Bb7 CftpL LUA.U[EK. tin]*. orawD Oro. wlUi I'ortntu. «■«. 


..f il.t rnn 1] ilUTII'N U ^^ATERt.'HJ. Bj >lt 
EliWAKlt "UKAiV. ;»(■ i.hl«r Juitio« of \ tt\<iti. Ubnry 

MTcdtb: eruwu jvo u. 


?Rr,S<'M REVnI.OTIoN. rrotn tbr Frmuh vf M. TIIIERt. hr 
rKi:i>KRr(.'K SKuSeRL. with <l Ad< EocraTluit. »Da Po^ 
tnUU of th« iDoftt U«l«br«^il P«r»in«|M teUn*d tu id Hn WhiH. 
tufrafH « atMl by WUUun urtKtb*tth. A >'«« EdltloiL la 
A vol*, dcmv 6T0. at*. 


Vrtm t\,t VmeU ot u. OUlZuT, by AM>UCW ftCuULE 
crowu Bvo. wiu 4 Fortmu, w. 


SCOT! Pfotn tb- Fr«ooli of «. MIOSi:T, ly ANDRCW 
bCuliLE. C'ruVD fTO. wlibs l\irir«iu. Sf. 


TimV Tbi I'ufiu'ftf t J>(l in. With ItluAtratlont. lu 4 to1« tniftll 
ertwii «V0. lU. I^«b Votun* oui b« bft<J •ipftrkt«!y, pUM U. U. 

PRECIOUS STONES: their History 

udUntfry. ByWlLLlAM Ji'Si:A.r.i.A. Lnmoixa.u 

The HEAVENS : an Illustrated Hand- 
book af C^fuAr Aitrooooiy. By AU£u£u aCILI.KMlN. 
KdltfdbyJ. NoUMAN LOOKVRR, r.H.A.?. lUvlwd £dlftva. 
I>ciny0*a wiUi irtvrtoo lUiUtratltfiu. teai 


FANMV HEMBLC. AuUior or**K*«tirO«of ftUirllii>*J." As. la 
Xiula. cr.>wuevu. ak. 'itiird Tttuu^oid. 

SOCIAL EQUALITY: a Study in a 

MlNMW ^cltQM. nr «. H. MA1.I."0K. Auth.f of ' li Uif 
Wurlb LWio,? " BtOtfOill ditiou. IdItwI prlOi M. 


RICaARD BENTLKY & SON, New Boriington Street, 
PaUtiktrt %M Ontxntu-jf tv Jkr Majesty Vu Qumn, 


[6tfc3. VILJ 



wlUi AtlUtlo UiuW'tl*«*< »' Wtt*'! « '•*• ^"'* **>• 

74. Aew Uxford 'street 
iTMaljr dootl trcik «( U udl«'4 LtliruT'. 

I'ATfY •)li|ilafi ■ nol'Ifl f'onKflon of Tap'ti 

! Hrvm III* i<tit)-lp*l Art 'ii'ilrrirt ut mr'|'«. 

v"int>tQ«or tb* ^tDTll• a( Frn Ai)C»liC(i. Purvr, 

t, kai'Maci, ^iMocI AUKtlu, liUftO. If«l autu, Dft Mbdl.BuUl- 

Kousit lb« Mi>d0va Mutera will l>« fouod Exkmplet of Ui« Worka 
foUr. K.A..Oc(^ II A..I)T<N-. K.Am Watt*. U.A.. lluma Juiic-*, 
tlU, HrlMOUlir, L>»>auTllle, &«. 
iptm «r Fietatc* lu Ut« LoKtmburr uid iron tbi "totim.* 

»AKTOTTPi: in RKLATmW to II0TJ8KIIOtD AUT." a l**!!!- 

' Rt with a Illtuin(i»iu. HDt rn* ptt mm «o ippllcMtloii lo w. h. 

>, Mui4B<r, Atilutjiw Comptiij, 74. n«« UMfont blrMt. L«D<lou. 

Now VMdj, danr SvD. Intlf-nivraopo. illl top. with Portnit, fte . fti. 

llluitratlH of BooIkI ftod Talitltal Uiitorr 8«lr«ti^) from tbc 
Ihrtfftt* CmwpoDdtWH of Tbgmu Wcutworlli- t'Orrt S*hj, Aai*w«- 
«kid>r mi Bmtiia ftbd the Uiiiie: c:iFml«t] lu 1711 f'«Tl of ntikff''jr<l. 
VMl • M«tDolr iixl N •t'l, b/ J^ME-t J. CAKTWBiailT. U.A.. 
CMMT 01 "'J'tM Mainolnol :*ir J^'ho KfrMby." 
WYMAB * BONft.r*U>r6.grt>I yBMn StrwL 

8ft. «l»tb, vtiM bo fi«h«nb«ts. i«. ad ; post f»e. u vd. 

ll<if.r/knd C-oDicuia Dr K E. OUEATER WATEIl«, B A. 
TVaw tdltiuQ, lt«wriit«ii and hnluveH. Pp i kdI lOt. 

Prmivd rar iIm ABiher, D7, Tbc On»«, Uktnravnalkb. W. 

PrIcaSf. &!, 




Viear of RccLvifletd and Sob- Dean of York. 

> Vt owtataily tad itavla* lulp to tb« oodtnitadlDK uf tb* work 
te0t« tMlp whMi Ttf} Itv ttMitrt of Mr. T«asjwD can affvrl to 

G. BELL ft SONS. York StrMt, Conot Ganltn. 

Eftrj HATDMDAY, ofuir BookMll«r or N«wi-M*at, 



f%u Dor*! ^r/rff.T^C/JrfMi(«(MiirlulM«n 


fiOBTOK knd OA MESON ni tb* GOLD C0A6T. 
nOVBLS of Uic WKEK. 

K Md ^tCi'RN, bT A. C. SDlfalHinU. 



;NCC-Eleatrl« t1lumla«tlos t Llhrarr TuM* ] Aalnmomlful 

''r»ro«; Ii6r*l AMdctayt Tb* 
<>-i Wreaa, UuMip. 

Z>I1AMA— 7M \>Mk: (i(MMp. 

rnbUllwd b/ JOHN C rKAKCIS, n W«Uliitto« ".Imt. StrtDd. 
Lu&don, W.C. 



tIiaworH<ttl«l.-TllU!S. URAYKJIAVt .Solictb^f, a« 

Vt. Hiidcrt^D, Ke*. BowliUJ tum&n. I>r. Wicjr. Itn 
Htiulf. •:>eatTkl LAmt'crt. RiFT- J.C*tr.-TUuH. BKAV-iti<iW 



in> ; Utilwin Out* |VlT*m). inJl; Snndlal U MtU 

uidFMrf^imt kbh)0|an4 n ••ttiic Well U UtuIetoUkli 
re»rrl.ir7S.-TUOd. BkAYaHAW. Batil«. 

jnST-IN SIMPSON (late of Ptnmford. Li 

•hlr^ ~' '■ '~''iir*irr Trm>agm«ri T.i)ima."JM . CVvBlr*! 

Enlr ■ : rp>tn Pirtih Hertttcit, As. to tii* B 

4/>n. r<^n KEAl{Cllh8 al Uti! Rrituh Hum 

hU H4meft In Trioioy r«d(Kr«<«, mAklDit AmpsNm M 
Fublf« RcMrd*. nM>phrr>(kl Analrut >!»}<.. Rdlllnx Pamllvl] 
or (IniiUr MuruT WurlL Tenos mod-ratv. - AddftM ANTIC 
ni. Kiuf'i Road. riiclK*. R. W. 

~*\0-- V..:ii„i<« fif f.l*-.iiHf ' -1,a.' ri.RAnAN«'l 

v.iuabU SI 
I h.iwl, HI 

: 1 B<^»ka 
.__...■....:_..__._.._ _ ■ iIiiiMe 0( 

p«rffi-t,T'i RF.^iOl.hal prlcM **nr fi«M-, ;i«f»| 

Ketirnucut frant llu*lii«tB- 'lh« tUtw L'a-^. . I ot 

of tine p*aiir ilaiuii — Apflkitivu tw b« »«■.« lu .tucx i4uV 
II. King William Mreel. atraiiid, London. U'.C. 

pHEAP BOOKS.— A CATAT/>^'^'" ^nt 

t1AM> llOURHof Vafastss, 'Inv^la. Urtu Hli 

'\\'urli». P-flry. Flcl'".. 'UKi, >..:,. -i-t..^ - K. 

F-AT]t K.mi..(i.i.rTii- .1 Ti 

r>Undar.1 Worki of * "1! 

Ittg loN«it poMil'U , . . Uui 

1, W. I.huu-jU.- J.iu.ario vr vvurw.ijua Ol 

Bou<bt la knj qoMiUlj. 

Jolt publUhrd. Vot I. Pkrt T. prloe U M |i<<«t frw, 

ooDtalbtoK Til* <'r«lorT. H-i»r«. l-ef«»di. and Tulle Tale 
Ma1tca«T. E'u-t I., bjr Bct. J. Mtir«e. Juu 

A buil'linjt .Snptrititluu. br 11. U Oi»lc, 
HtorlM of Fairia tnta tM^'lland, bf K«tr. W. Uicgur,— N«>t«a, 

B«hTl"oUu Polk- 

Ppof.V 'H. ««JI1B 

HtoriM of Fairia 


(TbU Joaroftl » KOt pott tnt to U^ioben of tbe Fulk-lars S< 

LoodoEi: EXLIOT STOCK. «^ Pat«rD<>«t«c Row. E.0, 

No. VIII for JANOAKY. p'tM «(. oonUiM BHkk 
Knt<«T(ve of >aturftl niitJtT.-stiakopearc m\ Unr^obwik. 
iDfi IQ Moamnulti, ^tirfiilk noitbainptiO. Nortbuiiib«rlaod, ' 

bftui. an't utfonl -tirutto of Parmcniera. Iij J«mI« ViMitil — 
of •irkuimu', br O A. W«nl— Lcilcrt of lAonaef 

c. «c.-Wbttibed br JAMBD U. PENMBU*. 

rlc«l stmt, Loudon. K.C. 



LIBRARY CATALOGUES for Regi.tertitjf 
Bought «r Lent, f^r l&ntB or unall Llbnrlet. rrom S«i up 

r\pTAIN '■' "'■'T ' --^ r*,-i.i.i n<n»K». tor thr ■•■■'— * 
leallj-acd m, ' rmr flTtat. fr ' 

NRWSPAI , for tbe Tf . 

(witliuut ilie - .'u-? , from 3« tJ 

TwuilM DnaripUte l.ota, viUi Bptfclmea of IIm I'liuUnl U 
ou receipt uf ■ucopcd addrewnl wrappar and inTaiupe. 

].BTTtf a 00. iLlDilUdi. London Brid«K. ' 




F. & 0. OSLER. ^ 

Olnficr ArrvlOM. i China I>«w*rt •#rrlB« 

T>MNit .Scrrion. 
Tkbla IteoontluM. 
7%Vlf lantB* 
Wall Ltiht*. 
«Ddll«MI ' 

vblo* DibD'T ^«mi 
rblu* Draakfaat 
Chlo* VaMn 
C'litoft Urbkuiaai 
.ctarjr. Broad Mtnct- 

i4. y«r<«d 





C0aTK5Ta-V ISSw 

:— All UBpabttohad C^Ucr of BcMUDftrehaii, l-Tbt 

ir At«p« «f tt» Cbw^ at OiteM^-l rr«r»«nt al 

BUtoTT. >~Tt>t ^ur of (Ka Xftft 1— EJmtind 

-nmloek C*rto— A FttBCft TkibbonM C«M, £— Sol»- 

Ifl WclUnc-Mr. Bttstia am PtMlrr— Th« BMUard 
ad»-T1u Wgrt " TofT "—A Flddinf Belk, «. 

• Yool«-Girtbol: Tools - Olthe, 6— Book«i'i 

red*,** 16^ — Cuaellnc— "Tbe KcoDomy of I'roTi- 

MateU. 7-ClfcncaM«r-Biubr poloU — "C^lTk- 

*«A]| «0aU-8elbr-OM Ue«n>tar Lft«-6lr G. 

SpMcUsc tb« pArtiaf gvMt"— Bftlslgh Bobm. 8— 

— BOCW'TM Oriklca — ItermMIo Anomftlici— 

CnlronMll : % TiuUm of Palth." 0. 

:_t*w|.«»t4rT. O— at Cnlhburt'i MR. o( 8t. Jnhn'i 

II— Tl)« rte*Ui of HunpdM-A YorltthlM <;ho»l 

. 11-P. B. SolTj-ot-RabfBi Mil TiiU-psiM— ^if J- 

nc*D«-AB Aiill*jti« Brooch -The N»t»1 Drigwlo In tbe 

ly. lS-AciUgOA-H«d(« or Edri-Tha Three K'l-The 

dloe Symhol — FowUdu L«yw, 14-Merto» F»»Uj— 

eo-T. OmKbyirrt-Tenni*. ift-SchUlcrt " Pefwos Im 

Qcha "— Wft^ocrtl*— Th« Lumber Troop. 10 — H«lr (rowlni 

D«ith— rortriJt ot l>4Die, U-A Y*fd of Be«r-Grm)r i 

BcfUUn— Bcopvtil-Baricd AllY«— " Bo Uir «>; "— 

Bntltr'i " UudibrM "— Osrwi, 18. 

rOTKS OX ROOK^!— "Tbi 8«loa el VftdkiM KKk«r"— 

L«»II«at<'i'heo« ".Swlfl"— Tr»lU*i**Steni«'— CrBna'i" Art 
»nd 111* F'iriniil'tn nf TuIa"— <3a<!riJi'i *' M^EDOire* da Doc 
6»itt filiBon." Ao. 

)tlca lo OotmpaciloDtc 

! Altar 


Ay rxpuBLisnED letter ok beau- 

Anything n^w vhioh thrown a little additional 
;ht upon u |)ha.?e of the troubled life of thii 
•rdinnrv ninn muBt htive some iotcreat for the 
of " N. & «^.'' A letter in the huloKr:\ph 
great tuerclmnt-drumatist, which fell into 
kodd some years ago, and which I CADie upon 
ler duy in turning over some of my books, 
[ to me to answer this purpose ; and I give it 
for the first time iu print, with a rough tmns- 
\* into iCnglisL lb is addressed to the dis- 

• Paris. April 17. 1783. 
TAy L'>r<l. — Yesterday, trembling wilh fcrer, I oalUd 
M. d'Ormeuon: I arranged with him thtt be 
muld write lu you this mominic. and that, on my 
irt, I iliotiU f^a to VersaiUcB. bearing to himself your 
kniwrr. UiiC my fcTor ha« increased to luch a degree 
a I can scarce see what I am writing, within my bed* 

TliS mnrtifiealion of finding myself in this extremity, 

itbout liKVJriL' yol succc^iJetl in concludini; nnytlun^ 

tb'tut mr wrctcheilclaiffin.niiilniy liahilitieannwdueJiHTe 

l>^l>rived nie •>! r^itono. Thtn.attbe lait moment, cotdm 

i« (over, wliicli completes the work ; and on StitunJay 

pay ■ >uiii, wliicb I do not pofscss and cannot 

.fore that dttv. M. d'Ormesson, tbough full of 

ttfwarJs me, wiibes for jour support before 

tiosaiabed dq* tiisUr Um Om^* ^ 

Vergeones, wi ^, Un fcw jvHPof hit 

life, and iberrf ; r;: * - "*4 IcIUt 

wa.1 written, i ( the Oouncu of FiouMt. 

The U. a Orv -^ -^ the Irtter 

WM Heori-I'^ rOruifs- 

son "■*"• ' : . ...^ ... _..: ...- cc in tho 

mi' .1 nf the Maison de Samt-Cyr, im- 

prt- . - L X\'I. so farotirably by the niao&er 
m which he imusacted th« businc» of hi« (H>ftt 
that tbe kine Appointed him to the ContnMo 
Gonerale dea Kinaocea. Diffident aboat aoMptioff 
this, on neeouDt of bis youth, ho wai «ooounig«a 
by the king, who anid to him, ** I am younger than 
you, and yet I till a greater (ttatiun ttian that 
which 1 nm giving to you ] " D'Ormcftson waa, 
boweTer, inconipetcDt for the duties of the im- 

comuiK to ray aid ; and new, al the moment vben I 
huje the ^ateit need to gn t(> you and heg of tou thla 
act of juictco, as a special faTour, I am nailed to my 

¥i>u do nnt wiih that I sbnuld parish. I only ask for 
a Airull part of a great tota'. which you would csum to 
bo {wtd to me if sums enforced deUyt had not pal off 
till now my atrict payment in full. 

In the nan" of hnnour an<lof your bsnevolence, write, 
my l«ord, to M. d'<>rtnes»:>n, and tell htm lliat tb«ra ia 
nu rjbjcction to giving n^e the ftajmciit nn acrouikt. with 
aitatement of which I Imve funiifliod him ; it U only 
tbe amount wldch I am my«eir nljligcd tu pay. And 
oondeMend to add that it is indispeiisaiile that hs should 
csnse a prompt cx*ni(nation an<l payment of my claims 
to he made; f<^r one cannot conclude an affiiir befura 
bettinning it ; but fire vrars hHre now elnp'cd, and the 
ooniideratii>n of tliis afTalr hai not yet been commenced. 

At T was myself to he the honrer of your reply, be so 
kind a» to etv>> it to my p>i*tilion. I oatinot io to Ver^ 
isillea : but thi* afternonn. after the access [of fever], I 
wilt do BS [I did J ymlrrdny; I will ire lo H. d'OrmeS- 

pon's houf^e on hand* ami kneci, sooner tttan fall to go, 
HO despcrsle has my oano bct^ome. 

I do*ire to brioit you a cutiout itafitr, relntlnft to the 
subject which I bail the huimur In mtintiun to yuu hut 
Monday. But I dare not wntnwt it eren to my "wn 
mossonger. I will i^> and plinw It to you. as soon as I 
am able to muko a journry of four leagues. 

I encloHe a copy which I hare hnd made of VollairtU 
IttUr to the Kinij of /'nuMia and of tht mottavrl't aiuiftr. 
I present tn the kmit the homai^e of the perusal of the 
manuwript whioh I hare already iil«cn you : add t*» ii 
thio docunicnt, prorinfl: the truth of th<' fnct*. m-il put It 
at the pauenu which the writer treats of the witr of 1713, 
which ynu will easily liiid. If il amuses the king to r«a<l 
tliii, and if bis MsJ«sty would like to ha¥e, In con* 
fidence, some other hitlierto unknown purtinn* of the 
Krrat iiortrulio. I ihall make it my dutynml my ptoaiure, 
both for your and for hb sake, to extract sarnie other 
matters of great interert. 

j Save my honour for me, I beg of you, by bidding 
, M d'Omw«iion miko this tt'mixirary hut necessary 
' ■ettlemi'Dt of niy claim*. Never iiaii ttir Mrrvtce had t^' 
wnit one mnriietit when my activity ha* been ro'|uirod. ' 
I bcK a tnitlioiiuf parUiinfl for thin informal bubble. My 
brad throhi likeaforfce.ainl aniiety reituutilci mv fever. 
1 am, w>t)i the moi^ unnltcrahle devotion, my iiord, 
Yourmott bumble and obedbnt icrvant, 
CAn«s b» DiatiMaa«u 
asMSiuk aooRMMDim ea« 



[6'*8. VII. jAif. C. ^3l' 

poTtant place which he Accepted ; the bnumfrable 
details of the work confused him, be lost his he^id, 
oominitted blunder after blunder, and, after a few 
moDthfl, wua siiperaeded by M. de CaloDDe^ leaving 
a greater deficit than bad ever beea knowu befure. 
About this time, bariused by his credltoTs on one 
side, secretly employed by the miniater on the 
other in assisting; the Americans in their struggle 
for independence, his debts and hin vnat specu- 
lations continually agitating his mind with viaions 
of immense wealth or abject poveity, while hi» 
fleet with ita conroy were uble to help a French 
ailmiral to iotiict a heavy blow on an English 
squadron, at the cost of many ships and much 
merchandise to the speculator himadf, — Beau- 
marchais was yet never able to extort frnm the 
Gorernment more than a tithe of what wns due to 
him. He received the em ilea of the kin^, but not 
hia coin« even after the great service mentioned 
nbove. Not until he had been thirty-six yeara in his 
grave did his family receive anything from the 
wreck of his claims upon the Americim Govern- 
ment— claima that only needed the siDcere sup- 
port of his own to establish them, clear and in- 

M. E. Fouraier, in his admirable edition of the 
works ofBeiiiimarchnis (IS7(>), prints a letter, till 
then unpubliaheilt which be justly calls very 
importaut. It is dated (be IS Mam, 1763i and is 
also addressed to the Comte de Vergennes. To 
that letter Beaumarchaia says that be had seen 
M. de Fleury, who bad promised to occupy him- 
self with his " indispensAble liquidation." The 
writer represent ed t hat i t was alread y three 
months since hia acconnts had been htid before 
the kin^. '*Je suia serr^ be says, "dans un 
^tau." Hia engagements would suffer no post- 
poDement, The seizure of his two vessels hstd cost 
him more thun 60IJ,IKI0 fr. , and the publicity of 
hie losses h;id brought hia creditors down upon 
him. Remittances from America bad been sus- 
pended. The Aigle, on board of which he h:id 
4,(.KX) bales, was taken. Floods at Morlaix had 
spoiled KXl.OCiO fr. worth of his goods in ware- 
houses. On the eve of his payment, the day 
before^ a broker, by fraudulent bankruptcy, had 
deprived him of 30,0i>0fr. "This is the hardest 
time of my life," he continues; "nnd you know, 
M. le Oomte* that I have now had for three years 
more thao 2i.K),00Ofr. locked up in tbe enormous 
massof parchment title-deedswhicb M-deManrepas 
ordered me to buy up secretly in every direction. 
I shall perish unless M. de Fieury quickly decides 
with you to throw to mo the sutu which I request 
on account, oa one throws a rope to a drowning 

A monLh after this strong appeal, nothing 
appears to have been yet done to relieve poor 
Beaumarchsis. He then writes the following 
touching letter, which lies now before me : — 


Parii ce 17 arril 1'. 
i^tonilear Le Corot«* 

bier au Sotr je me iretniil, tr« 
blant U fiv-TTV. cbes M. D'Ormeuon : Je couTtni htso 
lid qu'il TOUi ecrirait c« Matin, at que de mon cot£ 
Je mo rciidr&is a Venaillci pour lui repporter a lui 
meiiTne Totre r^potiM. Miii« ma fieTre a reduublu % tel 
point que Je tou & peine ce que J'ccrle dans rues ridtaux. 

Le cl}i|{rin de me voir enfin aux ahoU, suns aroir rien 
pu finir encore lur mes trittei r£clamftiiuiis, et met 
ecb^snccft arriT^ei, m'ont oie le npo*. Piiin nu drrnier 
moTTicnt. Toila la fieTre qui cournnne I'ceuvrc, et Je dois 
pKyer vamedi une iomme que Je n'ai ytthit, w'x ne puis 
fHire d'ici la. M. It'Omieison, plein de bonne voIonU', 
veut [lourtant aroir votre attache pour renir a mnn 
lecourdf ft dam le moment ou jVi le ydiii i^raixl besoia 
d'ailer vrkua demander cette juttice coujtiie une grace 
i!pi!;ciale, je suit clouc a mon gr&bat. 

Voue ne vciilez pas que Je perisM. Je dernsnda una 
legate partifl d*un irrand tout que tour m«- frrir* pajer, 
ni dea lenteur* fnrc^es n'avaient (ras retard^ ma liquida- 
tion ri^oureu*e juiqit'a aujc^^urdui. 

Au nomderhonneur, et'ie TotrchienTelllancei ecriris^ 
MoDiieur le Comtc. a M. I>*Ormes<ii>n qu'il eitt «an* 
inconvenient de mc donner 1>c)irllo d'ucouiptea ilniit je 
lui ml rprtiin Tetjit, o'eit cetui de mea pnieTneiiB furcO*. 
Et JaiK"ei l^i HJouter qu'il est indiipennabU de fairo 
faire promptemetit lexamen et ta liquidntion d** mcs 
demanilri; car on ne peut finir uno affaire nu'apret 
J'&v'oir coniTnencfe : rt depuia 5 an^, celle-ci ne s entame 
point. Comme je deTaii nie rendre pnrtcur da rotro 
r^'pnnns, dnignrx la remettre a man poitiHon. Jc ne puis 
alter a Verfnlllea ; maifi cette apres midi, apn!-i raecn, 
Je ferai cotnm.c hier ; J'irai plutot a quatro pateaehes 
M. D'llrnicMon, que d'y manquer, tout uion etat est 
dt^veuu violent. 

Je Toulaia rotis porter un papier rvrUvx. relatif aM 
que J'hi eu rbonneurdc toui dire lundi. Mail Je n'liN 
leconfi'Cr, mesuie a man courrier. Je vousirai le montrer, 
l>f9 <j"e je poiirai faire tiuatre lleuei. 

Je joiiiB ici Ia copie (jue j'al fait tirer de la lettrt dt 
VolUM'tf au Hoi de Prutte tidi ta rrponsedn J/ondrfW/ 
ezt prcseDtnnt Ihontmage dr cette lecture du Manutcrit 
que J6 Tous ai remt^, au Rot ; joigneK cette piece juatSfl* 
cativc de la T^rite dot fait», eti In meltaut dana la pige 
ou t] traite de la guerre de 1743^ que voua retrouvifVI 

S\ cette lecture amuse le Roi, et que 8a Majeat6 deiirfl 
«n necrpt quelqtiea autre!) pHrttea inconmips du graDd 
poTtefeuille; Jc me ferii un dcToiret un plaitir de f^n, 
et pour voua, et pour lui, dct chojx bien intcTeggans. 

SnuTex niol rhonneur je rous prie. en mandant a M» 
D'OrrarsBon de nie donner un pronsoire indiHpcniable. 
Jamiia le Service a'n attendu un toumcnt qunud nuA 
BctiTil^ a etfi inToqute. 

Je TOU8 demandeun million de Pardons da ce baTardag* 
inforrae, Ma teste frappo commo uno forge, et I'in- 
quiitude AnK:mente mn fieire. 

Je ftuia avec le plus inriotable deToilmcDt, 
•Monsieur Le Comte, 
Votre trea humble ec trea obeiwant Serrttenr 


M. Le C" de Virgcnnei, 

Surrounded and oppressed vrlth the trouhl 
anxieties^ and cures wbich dictated this requMt 
fur the payment nf a small part of what the State 
owed to him, this wonderful lunn contrived to 

* I hare transcribed lliii letter vtilat'im tt littTntiiH, 
without pieiuminK to correct tbe writer's orthograpbv, 
punctuation, or accent*. 


e*a.viLj«.6.-8s.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

lAe^l from his numberlew occupations, when hia 
bead wm clear from fever, a few hours, from time 
bo time, which he devoted to a service which 
repaid him far more generously thtio did his king 
— tUttt of the stage. Almost vithio a year from 
ihe dtite of thtd letter, hia fttmoua pUy, which 
Aloae is said to have brought hira in W),(KM)fr., 
the Maruige (U Figaro, was produced oo Tues- 
day, April 27, 1784. He must have conceived, if 
he had not actually written, a liirjje part of ibis 
immorlal work at the very moment when he was 
penning ibe piteous letter which is here published 
for the first time. Julian Maiwhalu 


I OF 03IM0. 

I I have before now, on the question of the Bene- 
diction of the Paschal Candle {5*" 3. xi. 321) cited 
in the pa^ea of '* N. & Q /' some features of local 
Italian rituul which possess an interest for the 
uitii(uary as well as for the litiiri^iolo^st. 

Il appears to me that the Epiphany ceremonies 
formerly practised in the Church of Osimo. in the 
.'Bmilia, fall distinctly within lh« above category ; 
and I therefore offer them for what wiJI practicilly 
be the Epiphany number of " N. & Q. " as well as 
the first of the new year. 

Beeidea the purely liturgical peculiarities of the 

Church of Osimo, which, in atrictneas. seem rather 

^o have been common to the ffroup of dioceses on 

Wp9 Adriatic slope of the Apenoiuea embraced 

^ntbin what used to be known as the LeKatiooD, 

^■ere was a celebration of the festival which the 

■irerend authority whom I follow, the Canonico 

Fanciulli, in hia elaborate and int«re8ting treatise 

Ifi Alcuni JiUi ddla CatUdrale di H#imo(Roma, 

Stainperia Salomoni, s. a,, but Imprimatur dated 

Z605) calls an *' Ayape." From Canon FanciuUi's 

statements it would appear to be in their Procea- 

■ionalB that we should look for these survivals uf 

old Italian church customs, which lasted in many 

<liooesea for a considerable time after the Roman 

Missal and Breviary bad authoritatively superseded 

all other foraiulariee. 

Accordingly, we find that the nssgo of the 
Church of Oiimo, in holdini^ a solemn procession 
for the benediction of the holy water at the 
featiral of the Kpiphany, was one of the ritual 
praoticea which survived the general adoption of 
ibe Roman rite in Italy. This procession, in which 
the laity of the city were represented by a richly- 
dreaaed patrician who headed it as cross-bearer, 
Parted from the cathedral after Compline on the 
•re of the Epiphany. It seems worth noting here 
that women were excluded from the cathedral at 
the formation of the procession. And it seems 
no leas worthy of note that the procession, though 
Mtualiy part of the festival, beinj; held "nella 
H^ilia d«U' Kpifania," would appear to hare been 

treated in the diocese of Osimo as penitential ; for 
the clergy, we are told, were vested in violet. Il 
is possible, of coarse, if not probable, that bere» 
too, we have a survival of an ancient custom, 
tJie reason for which may not now be easy to trace. 
The holy water, I should add, was carried home bj 
the pftople after the benediction. 

After the procession and benediction came the 
" AKapey" which took place in a room within the 
catbeural adjoining the sacristy. 

The banquet — a very light one, it mast be ooa> 
fessed — consisted of various kinds of sweets, 
described by Canon Fanciulli aa *' vane confetture 
e cticcherioi." Its ecclesiastical character is 
shown by the fact that the only pe^ons admitted 
to participate were the clergy and what may be 
callud representative laity ; only, in this instance, 
as in othera ontaide the limits \>i the /Ecnilia, it 
was the laity of high dej^ree who alone were con- 
sidered to be representative. 

Canon Fanciulli considers the appUcslion to this 
banquet of the term '"Agape" to be warranted by 
its analogy with the apostolic and sub-apHtolic 
''Agape" on the following three grounds:— (1) 
Because, like its prototype, it set forth the brother- 
hood of Christians ; (2) becanae it was celebrated 
at eventide ; (3) because it formed part of the 
Sunday offices, in token of the joy which it ex- 
pressed. Lastly, I would call the attention alike of 
the antiquary and liturgiologist to the circumstance 
noted by Canon Fanciulli, that the Epiphany 
Agnpeof the Church of Osimo bore tokens of aa 
Kustern derivation, as, indeed, might well be the 
case with a diocese lying between Harenna and 

I& was celebrated, remarks the Canon, as St. 
Gregory tells us in hia Sacramentary that it was the 
custom of the Oreeka to celebrate the festival of 
the Epiphany, "omntbua ad fontes couveniootibua 
cum lampadibua et tbure ibi moltis precibua aqua 
benedicatur." And, aa has been shown above, at 
Osimo in the ^Emilia, as in the Greek Church, there 
was A great benediction of water at the feast of 
the Epiphany, and therewith the faithful were 
sprtnkltid, they and their housea and their fields. 

Thus were celebrated the solemnities of the 
Kpipbany in the diocese of Osimo down to the 
begianing of the eighteenth century. It may be 
ihat the " Agape " of Osimo was the last survivor 
in the Latin Cburch of the Love Feast of the early 
Cfariatinn centuries. C. H.E. Cabuicuaeu 

New UnivcMity Club, aW. 

It is tolerably well known among antiquaries 
that that ancient body the Honourable Artillery 
Company of London poMeases a very interesting 
literary relic called the "Vellum Book." ThlaVswJt 
13 a chronological record oC \.\» ^*' Gwi'iXwsxwi -^Xtfi 

have been admitted to the Ajtillery Gurdoo/' com- 
meocing ia Ifill and runnlD^ coDtinuousty for 
about three-quarters of n century. The chitf in- 
terest lies in tbe openiiig pageH of the book, which 
are devoted to the aiitogniphs of the uforcsaid 
gentleinert, and which are especially rich in the 
hiter Stuarfc period, exhibitinj; an arruy of the 
8i(;nnLure3 of almost all the nio^t eminent cbaractera 
of the reigns of Charles II. and James IT. The 
firai two autographs are those of Oh^vrles and Janiea 
when respectively Prioce of Walts and Duke of 
York. Upon following page* are the autographs 
of the monarchs who succeeded thfin upon the 
throne, and of the i<isue of such monarchs (the 
latest being that of H.R.H. Albert Kdward, Prince 
of Wales), each nume having either a separate 
page, or u coosideruble portion of a page> gor- 
geously illuiuinated, to itself. After the royal 
pages coD5e those bearing the signatures of subjects 
in close order. It is important to note that so ex- 
clusive wa"* the Ppproprirttion of the royal pages, 
that even Prince Rupert, first cousin of Charles II., 
has signed among the multitude. 

The antogrnphs of Charles and James appear to 
have been written on June 1, 1641; and very im- 
posing they look within their gilded illuminated 
circle, where for tbirty-efgbt years they remained 
unprofaned by tbe hand of Inwlier mortals ; for, 
although during that period Rupert, Monmouth, 
Grafton, Albemarle, Buckingham, Shaftesbury^ 
Sunderlam^, Danby, and other gre:it ones were 
"admitted to the garden," none dared to sign 
iipoD bia sovereign's page. Tbe cbarm was, how- 
ever, broken ut last. At aome distance below the 
royalties, in rather tremulous characters, is the 
following anlogniph : '* Plymouth " followed hy the 
date, "21 October, I67D." How it ciime there ia 
the object of this not© to suggest. 

Charlea Fitz-ChArlea was the ille^iitimale son 
of Charles IT. by Catberine, daughter of Thomas 
P^&gi °^ Yeldersley, in the County of Derby, 
Ksq. Born in 16S8, he was raised to the 
peerage in 1675 by the titles of P-umn Iiart- 
mouth, Viscount Totne«H, and K:irl of Plymouih. 
His autograph (for bis it is) in the position 
noted alTords an illustration of the hislnry of the 
period. The Dukpa of Monmomh and Omfton, 
two other of Charles's illegitimate wons, had been 
content to sign their names in the body of the book, 
Monmouth signing in 1664 — a lime when Charles 
might bo expected to have legitimate issue— and 
Grafton signing towards the end of 1677, when 
the recent marriage of the Princess Mary to 
Wilttam of Orange iippenred to secure the ultimate 
devolution of the crown in a Protestant line. But 
thp date of Plymouth's signature is October 21, 
1679, a time when the country vnis vebemcnily 
anti- papistical, when SliarJ^esbury, in the zenith of 
l^^is power and fresh from his Habeas Corpus Act 
^H^Uitory, hod trinmphantly secured tbe second read- 

ing, by a large majority, in the Hnn^e of Commons 
of a Bill to exclude tbo Duke of York from the 
succe«sion, and when Jumes was vainly bidding 
io nil quarters for support and popularity. He 
had that very day gone into the city to dine with 
the Honourable Artillery Company, had been hooted 
and met with erica of " No Popery " in tbe streets, 
and his presence at table had caused many persona 
of consequence to at>scnt themselves from the 
banquet, some of whom, rather maliciously, gave 
away their dinner tickets to a lot of riff-nitf, whwe 
company certainly did not tend to mitigate the 
general ill sncccsa of the day. Plymouth wa» 
among those present ; he saw ull that passed ; he 
was doubtless aware that Churleii had ere this 
been inQuenced to avoid tbe presumptive heirship 
of James by declaring Moniyouth his legitimate 
heir (Buckingham was ready to forge evidence 
of the mother's marriage to the king) ; he was 
ObarWs next eldest son after I^Ionmouth ; it w;ia 
quite possible that a tucky stroke, say an Act to 
iegitinmtize tbe Protestant bastards, might bring 
him within the line of succession; and thus, with 
admirable presence of mind, be disdains the leaves 
upon which many other noble and distinguished 
persons that day admitted have signed theirnames, 
and asserts his royal station by placing his auto- 
graph upon that august page below that of th^ 
kiEg, his father. 

Alus for human ambition ! Ere the next yoiT 
was out be was lying dead in Tangier. 

H. D. Ellis, 

The Star ok thb Magi.—Ii is well known 
that the idea was started by the famous (but fnnci* 
ful) Kepler that the star which brought the magi 
to Jerusalem at the time of our Lard's birth was, 
in fact, a cnnjunction or near approach of tbo 
planets Jupiter and Saturn, which, in fact, did 
occur in the year of Rome 747, or nc. 7, (wo years 
before the most probable date of the Nativity. 
Dr. Ideler> of Berlin, worked out ibia idea in 
considerable detail in bis Handbuch der Mathe- 
inoiuchtn vnd Technischtn Chronologie^ published 
in 18:e!5, and concluded from his calculations that 
the two planets at one time approached each other 
so closely for a weak sight ("fiir ein schwaches 
Auge"} they would present the appearance of ft 
single star. Prof. Pritchard (now of Oxford) wn» 
induced by ihia expression to re-examino tbe 
question and go tbnnigh the labour of performing 
the calcul'^tion again, the result of which is giveu 
in vol, XXV. of the Memoirx of the Royal Astro- 
nomical Society, and the substance of his paper is 
incor|>orated in an article (by himself) in Smith's 
wtdl-KOown Dictionary of the Bible.' It amounts 
to ihiE), that the planets never approached nearer 
than a distance of about one degree, equal to very 
nearly twice the apparent diameter of the moon. 
Prof. Pritcbard makes somewhat merry over the 


Vn. Jaii.6.'B3.1 


•"iniperfoct eyesiclit" thtis Attrihut**d to the 

IiD Dot hein^ ubte to dutin}riii«h distinctly 
euvenly bodies at such a diatunce from each 
i To me, I must confess, the matter doca 
JBem of nny jjreat importance, for if an astro- 
' ei^nificance was attributed to the approach 
e planets, the exact amount of proximity 
not alter it much ; whiUt m to the notion 
ed in some books, such ns the earlier edi- 
of Alford'a Greek Tfstiiiucnt (before the 
lion of Prof. Pritchard's investigation), thiit 
perpoBed pinnels would look like " one »tar 
^rpiuainj; bri^htneas/' it la simple nont^ense, 
i Sttlurn were centruUy behind Jupiter, the 
t wotild iippear scarcely, if at all, brighter than 
1^ and a very close approach of Saturn would 
?rof, Pritchnrd justly renmrkfi) rather confuse 
add to the brilliancy of Jupiter. 

i, Upharo, of New York, has published a 
work in which he siigf^ests that the attention 
e miini was indeed attracted by the close 
mach of the plunets, but the guiding object 
11 new atiir, which uiiy have come into view 
It the snme time. A similar idea has been 
tsscd by Wieseler, of Hamburg, that this was 
iQct wbich appears from the Chinese records 
kve hecQ seen for a considerable time in the 
<of Eome 750. {Our Lord wm, however, in all 
Ability, bora in the year 749.) But the objec- 
."which seems to me to be insuperable, to the 
jQg: star beioga heavenly body,eilher a conjunc- 
&f planets, a new fixed star, or a comet, is the 
Mibility of fnch a body appearing to move 
B a traveller, and then to stop and stand over 
w or particular spot. We must go back, 
to the opinion of St. Chrysostnm, and believe 
St was a strictly miraculoun nppeumnce re- 
ing a star : "On ya/) ot' twi» roKXiuy tis w 
p oiTto? jfv, aakkov Sf. ov^ aoT7/f>, u>? 
f€ OOKiijaKXaci'vofXi^ rts doparoi tU rai-nfv 
T\'r}fiaTi.(Td€itra.Thi' o^tv. This does notittfect 
tiesiion of any Bignificanee that may have been 
lUted by the magi to the near aoproach of 
erand Satitm in b.c. 7 (year of liome 748), 
if Jupiter, SatUTD, and ^lars in u.c. 6 (year 
me 749X 

[Other question on this subject was started 
years ago in " N. & Q." by Mr, Heniit 
ttta (2»« S. iii. S93), as to the place to which 
a^i repaired to find and won-hip the infant 
:. This is usually supposed to have been 
i?*'rt-* ^"*^ njost modern commentatora think 
be n'iihi into Egypt must have been n/ter 
i^Dtnlion in the temple, which could hardly 
*<^o place suhscquentlyto the Massacre of 
toceota, .>row, as St. Luke records that 
^^^P^^otation the holy family returned 
I* \ ^^'*-" .^Va*-tkb saf^fgested that it was 
.-, ^^ r/»ic of the miigi took phice ; and 
Hq th^^ wer« directed vhea at Jeru- 

salem to proceed to Bethlehem, the reappearance 
of the Btur caused them to change their direction 
and repair to Nazareth instead, taking caro not to 
let the king know where they had gone. Bn. 
Wordsworth, however, thinks that their visit took 
place after another journey m.ide by the holy 
family to Bethlehem on the occasion of one of the 
great annual feasts at Jerusalem. A flight into 
Egypt certainly seems more natural from Judiea 
thiin from Galilee, W. T. Lnrgr, 



woMER. — In 1692 Edmund Halley, the celebrnted 
astronomer, was consulted by a friend as to the 
acreage of England and Wales. Uia process was 
very originid. lie took the best map of England 
which be could get, cot out the part which repre- 
sented the land, weighed it, and compared tho 
weight with that of an inch taken from the middle 
of the map, the centre of which was a point equi- 
distant from King's Lynn and the mouth of the 
Severn, tie found that the land, with the islands 
of Wight, Anglesey, and Man, wivs four times the 
weight of bis circle. His calculation gave him 
38,660,000 acres. He then in the same manner 
cut out and weighed the several counties. He 
found, after carefully drying the pieces — the 
humidity of the air was the great difhculty in his 
calculation — that 40,000 acres weighed a grain. 
The aliovo note is a singular illustration of the 
manner in which, before a proper survey, an able 
mathematician tried to solve a dithcult problem. 
The actual acreage is, excluding the Isle of Man^ 
37,319,221; and Hallcy pleads that he should bo 
licensed to the extent of a million acres or bo, 
especially as he had to include rivers and roads. 
James £. Thobold Boouis. 

Bullock Carts.— Mr. Edward B. Tylor, in his 
Anthropolotry, p. 200, tells us that in Portugal tho 
old claaaic bullock cart may still be seen. In these 
cjirts the wheels do not revolve on the axle, but the 
axle turns round with the wheels. It may be well 
to note that such carts have been used in this part 
of Lincolnshire within the memory of onr grand- 
fathers, My father, who waa born in 1793, could 
not remember ever to have seen one, but his fathori 
who was born in 1763, was familiar with them. 
They were thought to be better for use on very 
heavy rouds than those with fixed axles. 

Edward Pbacocc, 

Buiteiford MoDori Brigg. 

A Fresch TicnBORNB Case. — I do not know 
whether any of your correspondents have read a 
case of disputed identity similar to the famous, or 
infamous, Tichborne cose ; but it may be worth 
while to record here the reference to a French trial 
in the sixteenth centary, bearing, in most of its 



[8«»a Vn. Ji!r.«, *88. 

detAiU, 9. reiuarkable analogy to our own nioriern 
Hcnndal. I happeaeti to finri in a lat|;e old trunk 
the other dnj^ anion^ all sorts of disciirded lilera- 
tuTe I had never veotured to examine since it came 
into my posaeifiion aoiiiB thirty-three yenra tigo, 
u Bomewbiit entertaiQinc book called the Harvni 
Jl&me (Salford, a.d. 1807). In vol. i, p. 153, under 
the head of ''The Tlmhand of Two Wivea" (i-e- 
Iflted by ThiiaDiif), is a tale of an impoatnr, one 
Arnold du Tilb, who elaimcrj fo be buBband of the 
wife of one Martin Guerre, and actually lived with 
her as such for three yeara— Guerre bavin^ beea 
absent altogether eleven years, but just turniDg 
up in time lo convict the prisoner, who had pre- 
viously been tried on Rusipicion and found 
guilty^ npnn an enormous ccilleclion of all aortn of 
■evidence. One remarkable thing wm the teati- 
luony in hia favour of Guerre'a four Bisters ; but the 
wife would not Bwear either one way or tbo otiier. 

T. H. 

SoLRCiSMS !N Writiko. — Here h an iHustra- 
tioD of AddiHon's dictum that "there is scarce a 
solecism in writing that the best author is not 
puilty of." The hero of Lord Ljtton's novel 
VfA'erevx^ when visiting the Pahce of Versailles, 
vraa mncb impressct^ with Ibe ^^rand idea of term- 
in({ the avenuca which led to it the roada " to 
Spain, to Holland," &c.; upon which the friend of 
BolioKbroke remark*, that ** in London they would 
iiave been the roads to Chelsea and Pentonvtlle." 
^eotonville received it^ present name from Henry 
Penton, Esq , M.P. for Winchester, who died in 
1812, Mr. Pinks says that the first buildings in 
FentoD Street were erectwl in 1773. 

Cu. Elkim ^LiTaJtws. 

Mr, RusKtN ON PoKTHT.— In Mr. Raskin's 
EUjTunii of English Proiody, at p. 30, it is said : 

'* If only iitr&igh(forvv»rd proBe, nrrfiinR*"(l m av (n full 
into metric lime, were poetry, nity (<nl^ n ithnn cur c mid 
write it. But the ilren^lli of |>o«irj ti m its (lioui^'lit, 
not in its form ; and uilK profit lirriBts tlietr mit^'io is 
alwajs secondary, aTiil (h«ir >ii1>»>t«.nce i>f>flyiii.£ primary 
— so much so liiat tliey will even darinnly and wif- 
fall^ leaTc a iyllahlo or two roujib, or er*-n mean, and 
avotJ a perfect rhythm, or awectneM, rutbt-r than lottbe 
raader's mind be ^nwn away to lean too definitely on 

If "great lyrists" do so, with this or any other 
obje^tf or by carelcpsness or chance, is it not a 
step in the direction of mere prose ? The doctrine 
enunciated by Mr, Uuskin seems lo me so ques- 
tionable as to be worth a little discussion in 
"N. & Q." But he does not atand alone. 

C. M. I. 
Athenaeum Clab. 

Thb Bxckford LiDRARr Salk : the Rack pnn 
RARE BiNDiNos.— This remtuds me of an incident 
that occurred to me in the shop of a second-hand 
itookselter. In grubbing, I came across someliterary 

rnhhisliinrttrehindingjlremnrked contemptuously, 
"Where do you expect to get customers for these?** 
" Oh t I beg your pardun," said the bookseller ; 
"we frequently have orders from country gentlemen 
for so many yards of folio, and so many yards of 
quarto, to fit up their libraries, and (hey pay as 
well as anytiiing." G. G. Hardinouam. 


First IsTiioDt:cTioy of thb TIVonD Tort. — 
The following p:i8s.ijje seems to me to be weU 
entitled to a place in " N. & Q.":— 

" r beinR kt Wallinwelli Oct. 24, 1681. they vere dii- 
couT8in(f about a neir nsme lately cnme into fasliion for 
Ranters calling tlieniMlreB l>y tlic name of T«ry«. Ms. 
II. of Chcsterficlri inlil nie a gentleman wae at their house 
and had a red Kiljbiiiid in liii* hat. nhe a-^kc him what it 
meant, he antd it aignifyed Ihut lie wus a Tory, wh&ti 
that sd "he, he ai^n. an Iri^h Hijhel.— flh dreudfut that 
any in England dure rMpouse (liat iiitere^L I hear 
further since tlint this ta the distmctiun llivy make in- 
f^toad of CaT«lit-r and Koumlhead. now they are called 
Tnrya and WipE*, the former wcahna; a red Ribband, 
tl'e other a violet— tlius men beftin to commence war, 
l>iB fnrnior ii iin Irish title Ttr tiutlawd |>er»ons, the 
other a Scotch tilb for funntick? or dietaenteni, and the 
Torys will Hector down and abuse thofo they bave 
nftmed Wigs in Lonil'^n and elscwlicrc frequently. 
Theres a book called the character of a Torjf whenn 
it runs, A Tory, a >Vii(:>ry, a Roary, a Scory, a Sory: vid." 
—Oliver Ileyv^ood't Jji<tri(3, kc, ]B3(t-17c2, vol U. 
p. 285 (edited by J. Hnrefall Turner, 1881). 

Of this word Prof. Skeat, in his Did., says, " first 
used about lGbi»"; hence this contemporaneous 
evidence is weU worthy of record. 


A Fielding Relic. — The following cu 
from the Pull Mall Gaz<tte of December 1, I 
will probably interest many of the readers 
"N. &Q.»:— 

"At a meetinc of the Somerpet ATcluooTociesl Society, 
which wu held at Titunlon tut week, it wai announced 
that Mp. Mrrthyr Guent had jrreBcnieJ tlio members 
with R piece of furniture known n* ' tin? KirliiinK table.* 
It WHi mnde for FiclJinc during Inn renidunce at East 
Siour Manor Unuw, and vrnti loft c)i»re by hiro. The 
table has remained in the houBc till quite rfcenlly, 
atthriugh Ihr eitate (wkiich iiaw boEong* tn th** Mar- 
cbioneisof Wcatniingtcrli h»a changed liands ntore than 
uncc, nnd the old mntior lioufo in now occupied by a 
fMrmer. It is a lar^e. inactive oak tabte, and a braca 
plate affixed to it bears the following irocription: — 
'This table belon^pd to Ilrnry Ktelilirg, E#q., norelisL 
He hunted from Eaft Stour, 1718, and in three yaarl 
dissipated his fortune keewng hounds.' " 

G. F. R. B. 

re of 


We inuit request eerrespondents desiring information 
on laiuily maCUirs of only priratc interest, to affix their 
names and addrewes to their queneii, in order that the 
antwcn may be addressed to them direct. 

YonLF-GiRTiTOL : YooLK-GiTHK. — The follow- 
ing edifying account of the mode of celebrating 

«»avn.ji«.«,'83.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

*'Yoole" io (he norihern metropolin is ettractc^d 
from ft hislorjr of York in two volumps. printed hy 
WiUoD A Spenrp, Hii4h Ont»eir»te, 17rt8, and dedi- 
cated to Sir Willtum M. Miioer, Bare, and Lord 
Major of Yurk : — 

" The BtiorifTa of Iha city nf York lukva uieientlj iu<ed, 
cm St. Thaaia«'« dny tlitt Apoitlo beforo Yoole, nt t»ll 
of lb* ball, to come to AUballowt Kirk in tlia Pftva- 
ment, snJ there to Icnr a man of 8t. TLomw at ilie 
high quiera, and to offiir ut the mus ; antl when TuaM 
waa (lui)o to ma'<e proclamation at the pillory of the 
Yt>o\e-Uirtliol, in llie ft>mi that folloiri. hy their ler- 
jaant : SVa rommanj that the peace of our Lun) the 
Kinx ba well ke«ped an'l mayntayned by niicht and hy 
day, ke. [at wai uaoJ in the proclamation on the Sherifl'd 
ridinf]. Al«n. that all manner i>f wh— «, lhie»e*, dice- 
play era and all 'tiher untliriTty folk bo woUcome to the 
loirn, whether they come late or early, at the rercrcnoe 
of tha hieh feiiit or Yoole, till the iwelre day* he iiujat-d. 
The prikcUmation made in form aforeaaiJ, the four sor- 
jeant« Mhall ^o and ride whither they will, and one i>f 
them iliall liaTeahurneof brHatuf iho tolllt^i'Mitli, aiul the 
other three sorjoants shall hare each of them a horn, 
and eo K') furtU to tbo four batv of the city and blow the 
Yoolc-Oithe," kc 

C&u any of your readers inform me what is nieaot 
)y the Yoole-Girthol and the YooleGithe, 
)r otherwise iilu3tnite the passage quoted ? 


HooKHs's "Amanda," 1653.— I should fee) 

)b1ii;ed if any biblio;;ruphicut oorreapondeDt would 

e me an exact collation of this book, Lowndes 

>hD*fl edit., p. 1108) states that it contains a 

mtispiece and 101 paces, besides title, epistle 

licntory to the Hon. Edward MountAf;tie, cnni- 

luuentary verses, and errata, eleven leaves. Mr. 

lt\z\iU{t{iindbooJe,p.282) gives the collation aalO[> 

ives, incliidinK a le:if hefore the frontispiece 

itfa the word "Auiuada" printed upon it, »nd 

leaf of Errata. In his Collections and NoUt^ 

1876, he aiij3 that copies of this volume with the 

title, frontispiece, and leaf of Errata are of 

utmost rarity. The collation of my copy, 

formerly belonj^ed to Mr. Ouvry and Sir 

ti9 FreeliD);,''^ agrees with that given by 

les. It h:i8, therefore, 107 leaves, instead of 

stated by Mr. UuzlitL It has not the hulf* 

nor the separate leaf of Errata. Is it cert.'iin 

the^e two leaves were over printed with the 

ik / As for tbo leaf of Errata, there iire six £Inea 

Brraia. on the vtrso of r4, the laat leaf of the in- 

luctory portion. The vtno of N8, or p. 11)2, is 

^iMik, and any additional misprints (of wbicli it 

t he confessed there are many) would n.Uur- 

bave been corrected on it, if they had been 

discovered before the type wn8 di<itnbuted. The 

* f of Errata, therefore, if it exists, must have 

in printed afterwards, and attncbi'd to the copies 

EBUuaio^ in the bookseller's bands, as was the 

• Mr. Haalitt says Sir P. Freeling (javc Dick of Bury 
tta shillings for a fine copy of this book, doubtleai the 
in my posMssion. 

cjute with Ilndihra$, part ill., 1G78. The frontis- 
piece is nrioted on the sniue paper m the text, 
iLDd may be reckoned us Al. I uni a little doubt- 
ful, iherefMre, with regurd to the existence of ibo 
hatf*tiile aUo. Lastly, is ooy memoir of Hnokes 
extant ? W. F, Prideaux. 

Jaipur, Rajputana, 

CuMEMNG.— In ft Latin document of 12 Edtr. 
TIL (lU.'iS) Reginald do Montfnrt releases to 
Philip du Welie^lei^h all bin rights as lord of 
Iho hundred of Wellow. co. Somerset, including 
''hmeRiis* lev.ais" (hue and cry), " et weifs, ex- 
tnihuria" (strays), " cumeling in dicto Hundrcdo 
advenientibus." I do not 6od the word cumtling 
in {flosjuries. In the CamdeD Society's volume, 
liigiUer of Priory of /?. KAf., WorctUtr, p. 16a, 
am on ij the *'C;ipituli Hundredonnii." or beads ot' 
inquiry to be made at the Hundred Court of the 
Sheriff, is this, "Si KimelinE;! fnerint areatati et 
Don monstrati ut esse debent.'* The editor of lh*v 
V(flume, the late Archdeacon Hale, gives no cx- 
pbtnittiim of kimfUnffif nor is it in the index. 
The word comding in given in HaltiwelTs Archnir 
[firtinnary for a stnineer or gue^f, and as used 
in Northumberland for '* vauabond " or ''gadlinK-''' 
I presume, therefore, thiit cumeitn^, following' 
"slmya," in the deed quoted above, siijnifiea a lost 
imiuuil, but I should be glud of iiny other instances 
of the use of the word. J. E, Jack.son. 

Leiifh Uelamere, Chippenham. 

"Tub Economy of Puovidbsck." — About forty 
yeiirs ago I rcitd a book with the above title. 
Whether the cntnpil^r'a namo was given on thfr 
title-ptiije i>r elsewhere I cannot call to mind, 
neither iln I know where it wa% published ; but I 
bcive a atroDt; impression ihnt it was the work of 
Home local press in Lincolnshire or Yorkshire^ 
The book consisted of a series of entriicts from 
theological writers, showing bow, in llie compiler's 
belief, good men bad been assisted by the inter- 
vention of Providence. Can any of your readers 
give me such a description of the book as will 
enable me to identify it 1 Amok. 

Mrdals.— I should be greatly obliged if any 
nrfe could identify for me the following medals. 
Kach is rather larger thnn a shilling, and the 
workmimabip is nlrke in all four:— 

1. <.lbv., female figure, with shield charged with 
a lion nimp:tnt, reclining in an enclosure; five 
men coming to her nssiKtunce through the gate ^ 
■inUliers with banner advancing in background ; 
date, 1591; inscription, 'Pax Patet Insidiis." 
Rev., Bume female, and two soldiers with uplifted 
swords in enclosure ; three other soldiers driving 
ivwuy the enemy, twu of whom lie dead ; insorip-> 
tion, '* Tuta yalns Bello." 

2. Obv., trophy of armn and flags ; ships oa 
background, inscribed ** Khenua Flu "; over. 



[«t* a VII. Jah. 6, '£8. 

letters "D.O.M." Rev., inscriptioD, "Sijjnia Ad, 
Tomhout [(] ixxU. Post Oppidis Tran<i Hbenuai 
iii Cb TL. Hispano Trioiestri Ereplia''; dttt«, 

3. ObT., hftlf-clothcd figure of a man (rcaemUing 
JobX se&ted ia an attitude of mist^ry; cloud over 
his bead, with Hebrew inscription : round, 
"Afflictos Docel Viam anam." 1077. ReT., aarfie 
figure in an eucloaure, pniying ; cloud, with 
Hebrew writinK ; inscription, "Liberal a Con- 
demnnntibus Anininm Ejuft," 

4. Obv.j hand holdtnj; a pair of ftcnies ; inscrip- 
tion under, ** Justa Ratio "; round, " Firmum Ser- 
yandi Fcederia Vinculum.'' Rev., iascriptioD, 
"Calculus a Ritionibus Provincinrum Fuider: 
Infer. Germ. Habitis Hnxcilli." 

The medals are all silver. I should be grateful 
for an early reply, as also for an estimute of their 
yalne. Edward H. Maushall, M.A. 

The Library, Ctaremont, Ilutingf. 

[2, Tumbout. Mnurioe of Nassau defeated the 
Spoziiarde thoir, 1597.] 

CiRKNCBSTBR. — NoftT Clrencoater CRud^er'a 
JBut. of Olouc.) is " Tor-barrow-hill," us to which 
there is " a strange account in a paper printed by 
'William Budden, 1065, and preserved in the 
Bodleian Library among Dr. RawlinsoD^s papers " 
(p. 347). This pnper cootainx un nccnunt of the 
breakiDt; in upon a large vault by two men who 
were employed in a t'ravel pit, aud who saw in it 
a nLin with a truocheon and a burnio^' lump, 
vrbicb was extinguished upon their entrance^ in 
tho usual manner. Is this piiper to be met with 
elsewhere ? If not, will any oue at the Bodleian, 
if it is not too long, transcribe, or fully abstract 
it, for insertion in '*N. & Q.," with the E^iitor's 
permiesion 7 It is lilccly to be of general interest 
if it is not commonly known. Is anything eUe 
known of this pit ? Ku. Mausualu 

"BcsHT-PolNTS."— Prefixed to Newton's edi- 
tion of Milton (sixth edition, 8vo. 1763} are some 
lines addressed to the poet by Marvcll. He saya : 

*' Well might'st tliou icorn t}iy n-Atlers to allure 
With tinkling rime, of thr uwii lenH tocurc; 
Wbilo the Town Bays writes all the while nnd spells. 
And like & pftck horse tirok tvithout bii tHslIs : 

Thiir f&ncioi like our hiLthy-pninU •ppUf, 

Tho pDcla tig them, wo for fiislnon w«ar." 
The "Town-Buys'* is. I sitppoxe, the Poet Laureate. 
To whom due* M«Vr refer i "Readers" is the 
lost antecedent, hut such a construction seems tn 
convey no meaning. What w«re h*tiihy-}Knni$ f 
^^^ When doublet and hose were worn, they were 
^^L fastened together by a scrim of tagt^ ribbons 
^^f called points. Kares has " bunk-point,'' as an 
W appendage to a woman's altin ; but that is allo- 
■ gethcr a different ulFoir. J. DixuN. 


"Oalp'b-bkad noLL."— Can any of your corrc- 
^londents explain the origin of this item, formerly 

chargedinthe commons fees at the Middle Temple t] 
It was abolished about thirty yean since. M^ 
impression has always been that it was the reli 
of a club affiliated to that inn, whoso vnciition 
become defunct, althoui^h the subscription was 
retained. Mojiy old Templars may remember 
paying the fee of G$. or 7s. in their commons bill. 
Calf's-head clubs, it ia well known, were republican 
coteries, and earned for themselves :in odioai 
reputation. See Old and New L<mdon, vol. iv. 
p. 220. G. G, HAaDisonAic. 


Ar.i. SocLR. — Is there any church in Englanc 
dating anterior to a.D. 1500 which bonr^ the dedi^ 
catinn nf ** All Souls"? Edmom> Watkrtok. 

IleopiD;; >Vatertou Ilall. 

SKt.BV, YoRKsn'ip.E.^-Has this (own auy nrmo- 
rial bearings ; if so, what are they ? 

Alpked W. Ricff. 

An Old LicKNStNo Law.— In the year 1440 
code of laws for the "code rule and jfovemaun 
of the Boroughe" of Walsall was is-tui-d by tl 
" Mayer and bis bretbern." From this it appe 
that even in those far-off days atrict. w;ttcb Imd 
bo kept over the conduct of ale-liouse keej 
This is evident from the fuUowiug extract: - 

"XI. Also it is oMcyned, thfit if ciiy man kcpe 
the al« or fportvnije in thoyre hoa«c4. aft. Ihft bo 
uitliuyiitTd, to inuko n fyne thcrforc, anil t*> seMed 
the Mayer. AnJ if by ons or twve* w»rnyni{ do n 
amend, then the snnio ale hou«e tn ho T>iit downo by lb* 
coniamlmcnt of the Mayer and hi* brethren." 

Can any of your oorrespondents supply furthi-r 
infurmalioo as to the power of local authorities 
over ale-houses ia the olden time? 

W. C. OwcH 


Sir GADRtRX Cross, ru cibca 1620.— Can an 
of your readertj throw any light upon the above T 

R. s. a 

"Spkediso thk parting quest." — Some »- 
latious of mine were "speeding the parting 
guest " the other day in the person of a »iiiIor 
friend who was starling for AuslmUii. One »>f 
Ihnn naturally proposed a bumper tn x «ni*cp**fiil 
ip-oyiiRo. "Slop, for Heaven's suke ! ** cried the 
sailor. "Don't you know that ia sure to bring 
ill luck ? " Is this a common superstition T 

R. H- Bcsjc 

Ralkioh norsK- — There is y -.i.-.i .^^ 

house of this name at Brixton }• ^ 

has the reputntion of having beo>: 
dencet of Sir Wnltor Raleigh. I i 
to it in n!ty of the works on Surr. 
Nno London, Perhaps some of - 
enlighten mc. 


S" S. Til. Jix. «, '83,] 



Trowbridgk. — What is the origin of the name 
of this ))Uc«, scuio;^ that the first sylUhla does not 
repreaeot the name (at any rute, the present nntiie) 
of any river ? Ciin that syllable he connected with 
the \VeUb trw, a whirl or bend (i.«., of thennwiU 
rirer near the town), which the English may have 
Adopted and nDiKcd to the bridge (Ulernlly and 
yerbully) in later times T The place is not men- 
tioned in DoTuesdiiy, and appears to owe iU origin 
to a custiti erected there daring the civil war 
between Stephen and Matilda* W. T. Lynx. 


Booift. — Can you throw light npon the history 
Jind menning of the word hogis ab applied to loco* 
xnotive engines and railwiiy carriages of a certain 
«)D9triicUua I I know quite well wbut a " boyie" 
«Dgine nr carriage is, but I want to know why it 
is 90 called. Chas. Wklsh. 

The Critics.— Has Balzac's saying, quoted by 

^Sainte Beuve, '^ H passa critique couime tous les 

Empuissantfl qui mentent k leura debuts," ever 

been uieutioned with reference to Lord Beucons- 

field'd fuuious definition of the aatne genua } 

K. H. B. 

Hbraldio Akoitalibs. — Tbo hasband, instead 
of inipiiling bis wife's coat of arms with his ownt 
wears her coat surmounted by his own crest. His 
,<iwii coat dues not appear at ulL The Hanie man 
changes his family crest— an eagle displayed — to 
an eii;:lc displayed with the legs cut off. His son 
restorc'i the tegsto the crest. Is there any reason 
ior tbcie apparent whims { The man lived in the 
time of George II., and was a supporter of the 
Hanoverian succession. Uis father and his bod 
(who restored the legs) were Jacobites. Does this 
throw uoy Vighi on it? Ionoravcs. 


Faith-"" — Where can I see the first edition of 
this book t The loan of a cnpy for a couple of 
4$J9 wuuld much oblige. Tlie second edition 
ifpeared in 1623, and also the third. 

B. Bexoham. 
JUhScld Booie.neftr Etmbolton. 



(G*** S. vi. 361. 432, 491.) 

Punw. Skkat now writes as if I had advocated the 

• u uf heff enter from hoffcticr; but this is 

»?e. I wiw} simply nnxiouB tosi'CHreforthe 

iri'to frniii hi'(fcti(r titner treatment than it 

?f red at the h:*mift of Prok. Sksat, and, as 

in my Dflte, to shnw that Prop. Skkat 

I<a<"e to inoilify somewhat his article on 

'If^' ^ud it is clear that, whatever repug- 

oe tuny feel to do so, be must modify it, 

inasmuch as, now that I have &hown the word 
bufftiitr to Imve had tv very distinct existence, he 

cim no longer say, "I do not 6nd hvffetia-y 

As for my word^i, " the opinion sow so commonly 
entertained," to which Prop. Skkat sMms to take 
exception, they were intended not to express ray 
own view, bui to give that of Prof. Seeat him- 
self, when he says, " I suppose it is hopeless to 
protest against what all believe." 

1 cannot see either that I have strained the 
meaning of baJfctUr in any way. The word buffet 
in its early days meant, omon^ other things, the 
counter, dresser, or, as we shotdd now say, bar of 
a tavern, upon which stood the mixed wine (hence 
called vin He bufftt^ or bar-wine) which the owner 
of the tavern sold across the counter. From the 
word hufftt in this sense came buffttUr, which, 
therefore, properly speaking, meant /jur-man, bub 
came lo mean tavemer, tavern-keeper, becaase in 
such small establishments the man who served at 
the bar was commonly the proprietor of the estab- 
lishment also. At u later period the word bfffel 
rose in the world, and came to mean a $ideh<>ird 
in the houws of the more wealthy, and even in 
royal residences, and this is still the ordinary 
meaning of the word.* All that I attempted lo 
show, therefore, was that, as when bvffet meant 
bar the derived noun buffdUr mei^t one who 
waited or served at a bar, oo when buff'ct came to 
signify tidehoard^ bytffeiier might well have meant 
one who waited at a sideboard. And that it did 
so, or was about to do so, surely the definition given 
by Godefroy (who does not mention, and probably 
does not know, the word beff-eaUr, and is there- 
fore quite unprejudiced), viz., sommelicTf which is 
more or less the equivalent of our buiUrf goes some 
way to show. I say "or was about to do so," because 
there is one point which Prof. Skkat either forgets 
or ignores, and which yet must be Mken into con* 
sideration when the words bvffetur and beef-taUr 
are considered, and that is, that between the bo- 
ginning of the sixteenth century and 1755 (when, 
I believe, Johnson's hUtionary appeared), that ii 
to say, dwring Uco hundred andji/ty yeart, there is 
no full or trustworthy dictionary of the English or 
French spoken and written during that period.! It 
is impoBsihle to say, therefore, for certain what 
mttmlng^ bvffdier hid during all thiB time, and 

• BnJ'tt ii nciw also uwd in Prance of the table or 
tables up'iH wbirh, at b«Ils. nre amngeil the rerre«b- 
Tiientii conitiliitiivi; a stAnd u[> Kuj'por ; and in Frnnco 
and IiingUiiil of the refreshmont conutcn, or even of the 
refreiitimrnt ruomi. at rnilwajr tt^tioni. The wonl hai, 
therpfure, returned in aoino dtfurM; tu iti fttrmer level. 

f StrntmRnn'i Oil En-j. Di't. doM not go beyimJ the 
fifteenth century, nettlitr >lf*e4 th" Old l^rciioh diotianary 
n( Godefroy, whilitLittruV/><c(., th'jui£li itcontaiuiroueh 
Old Krencli helon;;mg to tlie period nntncd, is not avAil- 
able M a reference fur it, h<;tMiite lui ariioU \n, I believe, 
written upon any word wliicli ii not atill morL* or leu in 


OTES an: 

feib9.Vn.Jiir. «,'». 

•vee do not even Vnow wheo it ultiniAt«Iy fell 
into diBQse. And so SK&in with regard to beef- 
eaUr, it mny well hnve been spelled in olber wuys 
without there being any record of it. Prof. 
Skr&t allowfl thnb it waa in use as early rni 1610, 
and yet it is nob found either ioMinnheu (1617). or 
in Sherwood 0632), or even in Bailey (1733). 
This shows what the dictionnriea of those diiy^ 
were really worth. I therefore suspend my judg- 
niCDt until there is a good French tind a t^ood 
English dictionary for the period Darned — until, in 
fuct. I know more about boLh words. 

The only thing else that I attempted to do 
was to »how that bvffitier^ if introduced into Eng- 
lish, might become btef-eaUr, and with tbU p;irt 
of my note Prop. Skeat has not attempted to 
deal Beriously. If there had been any refd diffi- 
calty in this part of the matter, a^ eminent a com- 
pamtivo philoloi^ist as Fror Max Miilter would 
not have adopted the derivation from hvfftiitr. 

With reipird to PnoF. Skkat's sUilement that 
he knows of no proof that httf-iater ever meant a 
waiter at a sideboard, may I oak him if he really 
know.1 exactly cither what their duties were or 
what they now are ? — for I confess that I do not. 
We all know that specimens of the race are to 
be seen at the Tower, but there are, no doubt. 
many nthe^ In the Popular BncyclojHTiiia 
(RIiickicA Son, 1874) I find Iteff-eaUrs describeil as 
'• Yeomen nf the guard of the sovereign of Great 
Britain. They are stationed by the sidehmrd at 
great royal dinners. There are now one hundred in 
service, and seventy Bupernumerajic^. They are 
dresseil after the fashion of the time of Henry VII.*'* 
I should like to know whether they are really still 
(or if they ever were) tidtiorifd by tht royal side- 
board on grand occasions. This is no important 
point, and might, one wmild think, be settled, as 
far. at least, as the present time is concerned. 

In his BD^fgestion, that *' if we hod borrowed the 
word, it would have been more sensible to have 
given it the sense of * wine-toater,' " pRoy. 
Skeat makes a serious blunder, from which he 
would have been saved if he had more carefully 
studied the nilM of French word-formation, 
.fiii^ffifr never did and could not me-in "wine- 
taster." French substantives in ier (like the corre- 
sponding Lit. termination arius, which is properly 
adjectival) are never, that I know of, derived from 
verb^. They are, as a role, formed from other 
substantives. Bvffeiier^ therefore, cannot come 
from the verb hnjfettr, which alone contains the 
idea of tasting, but comes from buffet^ and means 


* If tb«ir quaint cn«tiime t* mlly{tbator llcnr? Vlt 
10 die<l in KV'*. it wnuM •»Pin tu eliuw ttiat tlity wer 

ey were 

instHnto'l more tltaa a hundreil venri esrller tlt«ii Ptior. 

H^^^T «,, ... ;. ;, rtri.Icfit thfct if tliev r>t-tt fir»i 

»' iif lli« reipn of Jam»» I. 

< -c^rceiy bf Urrwed in the Bt>le of 

a Uuu<Jicd j'car] carhcr. 

D tn»& 


tes off 

some one who has something to do with* it buffet. \ 
^Mr— the or of the Lut. rt/or, and our tr (when it>ii 
has an active signification) is a common ending of" 
those substantives which are derived frnm active 
verbs.t BvffzUur^ therefore, as stated in my note, 
is the substantive which corrosponds to hvfftUr^ to- 
taste, and not huffttur. 

In conclusion, I will just «fty one word with 
regard to the banter which 1 have freqnentl^n 
noticed that Prop. Sce.\t thinks lit to indulge m 
at the expense of those who venture to differ from 
him in opinion. If it pleases him, and if he thioki 
it worthy of him, pray let him continue it ; but for 
myself I fail to see either wit, point, or logic la 
the assumption that, because some people suppose 
that in one case the final letters, ttier, of a Fren^ 
word have been corrupted into taUr in KnglishiX 
therefore these people must also be of opinion th»& 
in all French words ending in ciUr this itier 
have become mttT in English ! F. Cham 

Sydenham Hill. 

P.S.— Since this note was written two notes 
the subject have appeared in " N. & Q ,'* from Si»- 
SiuiiALU D. Scott and Mb. A. !Smytur pAi.MKRt 
but it is, of course, impossible for me to sny much 
about them in a postscript. From ftia i>iBnAl.l> 
Scott's note, however, it appears that the beef- 
eaters ate nearly half an much again of veal aaJ 
mutton aa they did of beef, and that they were nofr 
more renowned for their eatiug than were the 
scullions. And Mr. Pai.mkr's quotuliuns seem to 
me to prove nothing mure than that the writ«t* 
named took the word, as it was very natural they 
should, to be compounded of be*/ and Ki'rr, aOft 
made their jokes accordingly. J should like tb> 
unbiasxed testimony of writers who hare stfttcd 
facts about beef-eaters without mentioning or en 
alluding to the etymology of the word. 

I wonder that none uf your reffular enr 
dents have resuscitated Sir Francis Pal 
puess aa to the derivation of the wonl Urfi 
[i orcurs in his learned £siay v't>on fA« O 
Authnrifyof tht Kiuy'n CoiiiifiV, printed in 183^ 
for the Record Commission. At p. 02 of lb4l 
essay he gives the text of a whimsical bill pre 

* This In the ordinary aieaning of the ending t<r, mai 
it ti, as will b« noiictfJ, an BUntic onif. Anvbixl^. (here 
rorc, wlio wiis tiii-icly sUtionotJ l.y a t-i f" ' ■ ■ p 

»liow r>r fur iitfilt'ciiun (there ii mud. 
plate on palnc? ftiJelmards), or for bniii, j» 

liable to be callcrl a l'Vjf<titr, even tlMuiBli Im itui iiMilim; 
to ilo with the wine. Comp. eKmnOner, one w 
clmrf^r nf It cIi'm ' ' -rut, one wLo liaa cUarj 

voituif {ill tliii' •■ wB^fgiiti)- 

t /Cur, him^-' "■ ff. !■< ».n:irlifne» nl 

a«i the lerntinaiiiiit ■ i"iio 

verl#, aj, r.y , in rfi., 

I Niir ik it .-- ■' 

liiffftirr) wiiul'i 
1 ihowed in ni> 
this cCcr which houid L>;cuu»e <ti(". 



(to Humphry Stafford, Diilte of Bucking- 

bi waMeQ of the Oioque Purti', nu office lo 
Ibe wna nppointed S<J Uea. Vf.; and the 
pg H an exlruct from the wid bill : " John 
n, Cierlc, the Vicary of Westharae, mekely 
B that WiUium Wevare and Perys his 
Ite," besides doing sundry mischtevoua acts 
knaoynnce, threatened the life of his catU^ 
reupon they t\ewt your iaT*! beaecliprii citte of 
Jice, l>y caiue t-liry myi^lit nut lift«e there 
' uf liyiD, nnJ oute tiim into hii yarde, but in 
jour >»jil bciecber )ia>l lever bnue ((even thoni 
i\hne* (hftri tliey Imd k;Mc hu catte. And afur 
ty kilJe capoiie, benny*, and cbikenys of your 
Wecherii, ai«i lUAny of them tbey ete at rjivsr* 
|ntl rnktiy of litem ihey ca«te into your befechuria 
.And a)v> with force of krroys, witb bowye, 
^and h»<jtiebify$ many timei witliin tbii thre« 
ITO entcrrd your enyd bcMcheris clofte ic made 
i§t that yf tbey mygbt tuke hym U>ey troldc tie 

word longdtbtfyt this is Sir Fmncib's note : 
\ongt-dt-hef* rntsu halbert witb a broad btade, lo 
Irom iU reierublnncG to the tingue of an ox— 
^bt%f. Ic U pos>ibl9 that the yeomen of tha 
otauied their popuUr appcllntion nf b«-ef raters 
til weapon. A* from /iulOert ari'l Mutkct are de* 

%ilifrte*r mnd Jftt*tttefr, »u Lttni/t-fic-lie/eitrr would 

111 fmni /nm'/f. (it-tHf. and which migbc b« after- 
ftbrefuted into Be/tlMr." 

1 Robert Sinclaih. 

Kncip« Amedco, Borne. 

(»y Wordif JViri*, and Phrases^ p. 53, T 
^hort note on thia word, which, alihotiKb it 
'DO light OD the origin of the word, shows 
^os b«en in use nearly three hundred years 
resent shiipe. It runs as fu^llows : — 
ihi(*r. — Tlicre ii reaaon for thinkinj tliat tb« 
ID of thie word froiri LHjfttitr i» crnipcou'', and 
\ modem name of tlia r»>al $ominl4 la tiUo tbe 
ione. At any rat'*, the ft>lluwintc oatract from 
||o#ffx. Ill.l.. 93. 101 (m-cn 1585-1000), quoted 

En'e Sckoot of ShnkojtMTf, Tol. ii. p. 47, ebowa 
Iteen in u*e nearly ibrce hundred years: — 
trit. Thof* iiniiudent audatvnu-i serving men 
beleere your lion-'ur'a late diicliar^. 
Setvant. Believe it ! by tbi« aword and buckler 
i[<t of uur liveriei and discharged thus? 
}(Ciu. Watlo; i3in),nay walke, awake ye dtowsie 
IS bare euckt the bonney from my hives; 

^tt ffTtedjf btt./taUr» 

»Uw Cormorants from iHiver ro«d« 
fO chargeable as you to feed.' '' 

£. £dwabd& 
^n9, Blrmiogham. 

JtrrHBKnT's MS. op St, Jonw's Gospel 
-ISC).— The following: is Appendix No. 1 
\UuioT\cal Skttchti of tht Mfformalumf 

11, Lnndoo, KS79 ;— 
^um ttfii/ .Vf^nvAarjf An^loSaxon ifS. Copy of 

.St. Juhn'i Ootptt. 

' be«n enabled to trat? thlt M9. from the time 
laa uken away from Durham, by Dr.Tbomas 

Lee, one of King Usnry'a Gommiaaioners. to the present 
day, I took tbe liberty of writing to tbe Keotor ol Stony* 
hurat, in whose nffl keephif ii now is. for some par- 
ticulars concerning the tntoription on lU fty-leaf. In 
reply to my communication. I reoeived tbe followinjc 
courteouN letter, with tbe iutercstmg iuformatioa and 
particalars which fallow: — 

Stonyharst Collar, niackbum. 
Sep. Ifl, 1S|8. 
RcT. and dear air,— Abisnoe from tbe coUvga has de- 
layed my reply to yours of the 8th inst. 

The M^. in qusation is a Latin copy of the Qoipel or 
St. John unly. 
Tbe vncluKd contain! all the information that I caa 

find in auiwer to your queriei ttsIt^Te me, rsT. and 

dear air. Yours obe<licntlr, 

K. J. PuntiaicK, S.J. 
The Rer. Frederick George Lee. D.C'.L. 

St Cuthbert's MS. Ooapel of St. Jobn.—Tlie ins«rlp- 
tion at thQ Lfcyinnlnie occurs on the tly-K-af opposite tba 
first page of tbe text. Tbe bandwritintc ia aaid by 
Wbitaker to rc»ombIe that which is cbaractaristio of 
churtera Itmp. Edw. I. 

It runs tbuf :— £ran;reltum Job 'is qnod inventum 
fuerat ad caput beati patria noftri Cutht>erti la septil- 
chro Jacena. Anno traiialac'oDi« ipaiua. 

Posted n^ainrt the cover at the end, with do fly-leaf 

interveninK between it and tbe last pai^e ol tbe text, is ft 

paper, tbe wrilini; on which runs thus : — 

Hunc Erangelii Codicem 

iJono accepit 

ab [Oeorgio] Uennco t'umite de Litchfield* 

ct douo dedit 

Patribua Suciotatia Jc«n, 

CollfKii Angiicafii 

Leodij , antiu 1769 

Rectore ejiiadem Collegij 

Joanne Howard 

Thomas Phillips, Sac. Can. Ton. 

In a caae alon^ with the MS. ia a letter, in ths 
handwriiint; ai tlie a)>ore inncription, of which a copy 
follows tbifl. The signuture has been cut olT; also tbe 
tower right-hand comer of the paper^ which ia a single 
ahcet, has been Hccidcntally torn off and lost, leaving 
laruJKT lit the endfi of ttie last three line's of the tetter. 
Otic of the /itcufiie ccrtxiiily contatiipd the word " Cutb* 
b«rt," and no luuro. Tliey are all of the same length. 

20th June [uo plaoe^. 
My dear and honoured Father,— I denre your Rever- 
ence to accept of thii M8. which thts note accompanieB, 
for your Library. You will see by the short inscription 
at tti« beKiuniu^, how and when and where It came to 
be dlKovored; and I have every reason to think U ia 

• George Uenry Lee, P.C.L.. the thir>J Earlof Litob- 
Held, and the donor of this MS. to tbe Rev. Tbomae 
Phillips, was born May 21. 171S. Thrujtch bis grand- 
mother he waa great grandson of Kini( Cliarlm 11, In 
his father's lifetime, and as Viscount Quarendon, ho 
was elected MP. for the City of Oxford, in Fib.,17S9. 
On attninini; his title he became «ucces>iively High 
Steward and Chancellor of the University of Oxford, to 
which be was a ^reat Irenefactor, bei*!^ stilt remembtred 
by name at Commomi^mtiuM. 1]" married Diana, 
daughter and lieirrsii of ^w Tlmma^ Fr^nkland, of Thir-. 
kteby. co. York., Hart., and died wiilmut isaue, aged 
fifty-four, in 17"— He wnabtiritd at Spelslary, Oxford* 
shire, where a beautiful niarhle monument tobta memory 
•nd that of bia countess still remains on tbe south wall 
of the chauceU 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [6^ s. vii. j«. a, ■sa. 

Snint Cutbbert's lisndwriting from th« concurring 
eTidcnce nf tliete circumHtnnce. 

I showed it the 8oci«ty of AntiquAries in London, 

and ihey siitd thfy could tdc so f^r ns to its I'oini; of 

Cht nfte in nbich S lired; tbo letter M being formed, 

as it ii Ln tliit tbatonlv. 

[Alia manu] Ttiomai PliitUps to Patb«r J. Howard. 

I nmy luld that I am unable for certain to 
identify Thomas Lee aa a member of the fiimily of 
Lee of QtturcDdoa ; but that lie beloo^fd Lo it, 
and wufl a most discreditHble uieiuber of it, Ibere 
can b« little doubt. His doiaga — ho ia styled 
''youDRe and pompatique" — and those of some 
of his relatives are set forth in 'E\]\&'» Letttr* en 
the Suppression of the MonasUrt^, and there can 
be no doubt that he purloined iho MS. The race 
from which Thomas Phillips, the author of the 
Life of Cardinal Pole, sprang wime from Wales, 
and took up their abode ua teuants at Thame 
under Sir John Williams (afterwards Lord Williams 
of TLame). Thomrw Phillips's father was ft 
lawyer, allied to the Ficnea-Trotmans of Syston, 
CO. Glovicester. They are stvled in existinii deeds 
of the sixteenth century "Phillips alioB Coxe." 
Descendants lived, and were buried with iiiunu- 
nientnl memorials and records, at Ickford, Worm- 
inghall, and Shabhington, co. Buck^, and some of 
them, in huuiblo life, »till remain at Thame. 

FriKnunicK Georoe Lee. 

All Sainti' Vicarage, Lambeth. 

The Death of Hampden (6"" S. vi. 3Cfl).~ 
When Lord Nugent was colIecLing materiaU for 
his Memorials of John Uiunpdcn, published id 
1832, one of the doubtful poiots tvhicb it was 
desirable to clear up was the true cause of Hamp- 
^ien's death, which tfwk place on Jane 24, 1643, 
in consequence of injuries received at the battle 
of Chalgrave Field, between the Parliamentary 
and Kojttlist force?, on June 18, 1643. The 
uccouats of bis death given by historians nre 
vague and contradictory. Olareudou says (ed., 
1703, ii. 2**4), '*Mr. Humbden ; who, being phot 
into the shoulder with a brace of bullets, which 
brake the bone, within three weeks after died." 
Clouyh (Hampden'ri chaplain?) Bays "he received 
two carrabine ahotC iu hh arme, which brake the 
bone," and died, havint: " indured moat cruel 
onRuish for the space of IS dayea." According to 
Echard, ti. 4L4, 'Mie was shot into the shoulder 
Tffilh a brace of bullets which broke the bone, and 
^rithin six days after dy'd with great torment." 
Whilst Warwicke (Mimoires, p. 2;i9) sayji, "Mr. 
Hamhden received au hurt in the shoulder, where- 
of in three or four dayes after he dyed." Lastly, 
it was Raid, on the authority of a MS. in Lord 
Oxford's handwriting, that he died in consequence 
of the shattering of his hand by the bursting of 
his own overloaded pistol. 

The grave of John Hampden was opened, the 
•^ffin raised, and the body a contained was care- 

fully examined by Lord Nn;;ent, Counsellor Den* 
man, and others, on July 21, 1828, when it was 
found that the right hand had been amputated 
previous to death, and that the shattered finger 
bones were laid beside the corpse wrapped in cere 
cloth. The left shoulder was found to bo dis- 
located, probably from a fall ; but the bones of 
neither shoulder ttbowcd any evidence of in- 
juries by bullets. This seamed fully to bear out 
the truth of Sir Robert Pye's statement in Lord 
Oxford's MS. A full account of the matter is 
given in the GrmUmah't Magazine for 182S, 
pt. ii. p. 125-7, and is also to be found in most of 
the public newspipers. In the Times, on the 
following day, a statement wi^s inserted to the 
effect that there was reason to doubt whether the 
body so examined was really the corpse of Hamp- 
den. The John Bull was bitter on thiSj and said, 
" Wo believe it im«, hut the wnhieky discovery 
that he had blown his own hand ofl", so entirely 
deprived his death of the glory of martyrdom, 
that the Whig^aniites resolved upnn falsifying 
their own ntntemcnts, to save the reputation ot 
the Patriot." Edward Sollt. 

Mr. Stmonds will find an account of Hamp- 
den's exhumation, or nupposed exhumation, and 
the shattered state of his band in Lord Nugent's 
M'-moriats of John Hampden, I say suppoud 
exhumation, because it wus asserted that the body 
which Lord Nugent and companions examined in 
1828 was not the body of Hampden, and not even 
the body of a man, but of a woman who had died 
in child-birth ; and that the loose bones found in 
" a funeral gluve like a pocket," aud maintained 
by them to bo the shattered boues of Uami>deD*a 
blind, were really the bones of the deceased's newly- 
born infant. 

In 1&03 Mr. Wilt.tam Jamrs Sicrrn gave an 
account in "N. & Q." (Z'<^ S. iii. ll)of the ex- 
humation, at which he bad been present. [See also 
p. 72 of the suuie vol. of " N. & Q."] This was 
reproduced in tho Times, and yiive rise to a corre- 
spondence on the subject which appeared in that 
journal in January of that year. Bonaccord, 

A YouKsnikE GiiosT Stort (G'*" S. vi. 508). — 
The accdunt given by A. J. M. of the ghostly cat 
winding in and out of the banisters in going up- 
stairs remiods me of similar conduct in another 
ghostly cat which I heard of from Mr. Procter, tho 
owner of WilUngton Mill, the haunting of which 
is narrated in such an authentic way by W. 
Howitt and Mrn. Crowe. Being at Newcastle in 
the winter of 1873-4, ut a time when I was scep- 
tical us to tho existence of (jhostt*, 1 took advan- 
tage of the opportunity to visit Mr. Procter, for 
the sake of hearing from his own mouth iv con- 
firmation of the published accounU. I wus re- 
ceived with much kindness, and found him a 
serious, intelligent gentleman, between sixty ai 


•»8. vn.juK.e, "bsj- 



seventy, a Quaker I believe, and I am quite cer- 
tain that he fully boIieTed everything thiit he told 
me. Fie ftpokc of hiH ohitdren having chased n 
monkey a1t ubouc the bouse, and^ in nnawer to n 
quefition of mine, said tbnt the only occasion on 
which he himself saw anything' inyiiterioua wns 
one evening, wlien on (^oin^ into thu furnace room 
he saw a tubby cat by the fire. There wa*i nothtnt; 
unufftial in its mppeuraDce, and it would not have 
caught hia altenr/ioo at all bad it not be^rtm ta 
move. But then, instead of walking like an ordinary 
oat, it wrif^^led alon^ like a snake, He walked 
up to it and followed it across the room, holding 
his band about a foot above it, until it passed 
straight into the Jiolid wall. 

It would be vfry interesting to the members of 
the Society for P:iychical Research if A. J. Bl/a 
friend, Mrs. A., could bo induced to tcli the story 
berself, or to commuoicata with 

H. Wkdowood. 

SI, Queen Anne Street. 

Franc. Baltr. Sor.TTNS (6^** S. vi. 429).— 
Although not alwnys to be depended upon, T find 
the best account of Solvyns in Stanley's edltlnn of 
Bryan's IHctiovary of Painters and Engravers:-^ 

"Solvjofl, FranciA Ralthavar, a marine pninter^ wjtt 
born at Antwerp in 17<Jf>. Hii •es-piece-*, iiowover, aro 

I lint numeroui, m his fondnefi for travel led hirn to viftit 
India, wlit!r« be etnpU^yfd bimsetf in oHMtving And 
OopicUng tlic cu«toiii« ami m&nntrrf of the people. Tliirn 
Work yin-* firrt engrnTcd ami puMiiihrtl ac OnlcutLn in 
1799, anJ ■rivrwuriis Te|)u1tti«lie<lHt PHruiii 1803, in four 
atlu fotlo volumes, ^icti the letterpro'i In French Dm! 
Eni£ti»b. nt ttie price r*f a humlreil Kuinea?. Itcunsista 
^^«f nearly three hundred cnlourud plate* of the occupa- 
^Btione, frvtivnl*. and contumM of the Ilindoof. In the 
^■prefhce to tlii* Utter editioa the author com|ttainR of tlie 
^f pirecy committed on his formtr work by a Lorid^'n 
^B publUlter. He sayf, 'A Mr. Ormo publiflied in London 
^r % piecemeftl collection, a sort of counterfeit cf n. net of 
sketches wliich J had formerly published at Cnlcutta, 
and which, even in the country ittulf, were rpceived nith 
great appl^iusfl. They were, however, no moro than & 
rough outline of some part of whut I now puhlinh. An 
early and regular educutiun in the iniitaMve arU in the 
•cbnol bf a most oelebmted muter, painful journayi, 
continued abeence from my natiro country, lonj; 
residence in a forcit^n climnte, caro> fidelity, itiidy. and 
*xpen»e, I bnve iparcd none of these to acquire true and 
uitple informiitiiin, and rcndtrr my work an interefttinij; 
and mcritnrious iia the fubject »ouId admit. May the 
reception which it nieeti from the public prove that tha 
•leOdCiiin ia not unirortby the labour and ezpenM.' It 
toot, hovrovcr, with very little encouragement, and 
involTcd >t4 author in jiccunittry embHrra*>inient. He 
4jieil in Iti'i-I. One of hit marine pieces, a view from 
Cetew)^ is in the pulace at Vienna," 


Britifh Mtueum. 

lie accompanied Sir Home Popham in a voyage 

to the Bed Sea and the Kvtai Indies, and having 

rrivcd in Hindnstan, he studied the languages, 

mner<4, cu*<ton).i. and religion of the Hindoos, 
tat he might be able accarately to illustrate them 

by his pen and pencil. Ho wnx patronized by the 
fiinmus Oriental scholar Sir Willium Jones, and 
after an absence ot fifteeu years returned to 
Europe. Wiluam Platt. 

CallU Court. 3b. Peter's. Isle of Tlianot. 

ECDKHS AND TlTLK-PARRS (6* S. vi. 513), — 

Joannes Meuraiun, t.<., Jean de Meant, the 
Antwerp printer and publisher, 1G10~57, bad, on 
more than one occ^ision^ the aid of Kubcns as a 
desi^'ner of his title-pof^ea. To the example men- 
tioned by R. H. may be added the elegant title- 
piige, deaif^nod by Kabeni and en(;raved by 
Cornelius Galle, of the poems of Pope Urban VIII. 

(Mnphai 8M.E. Card. B*irberini Poemata). 

The printer's device of Meursius is one of great 
beauty. It has been described by variotis biblio- 
graphers, so that a repetition is unnecessary. I do 
not, however, recollect any mention of the n;ime 
of Rubens in connexion with it, although there ia 
no dnubt respectinf; its acknowledgment, as, on 
an ori^'inal impression before me at thin moment 
the names of Rubens as the painter and of Cor- 
nelius Gatle as ibe engraver nre fully set forth. 
Frkdk. Hendiiik& 

Aldrruan Sir Johk LEgaKSKS (6*'* S. vi. 
4B9). — He was deputy, and in October, 1735, 
elected alderman, of Broud Street Ward, and in 1739 
served the office nf sheriff of London. He a 
member of the GrocerM* Company, married Miss 
Mary Kniylit April 2j, 1738, aud died March 18, 
1741. Dame Mary Lequcsno married cocondly, 
na hia second wife, Robert Kni^'ht, of Barrels co. 
Warwick, created August 8, 1748, Baron L'lx- 
borough, of Shannon, in Ireland, and on April 3(1, 
1763, further advanced to be Viscount Biirrela 
ami Earl of CatherlouKh, The countess died $.p. 
1795, and lies buried in the churcbyant at Hamp- 
ton, Middlenex. H. M. Vame. 

Eaton Place, 8.W. 

Aif Antique Brooch : its Meantno (6*" S. 
vi. 42H), — The circle surrounding the fylfot or croix 
ftammoe may in this particular instunco have Iwen 
due to the fnncy of the maker ; a circular outline 
bein|r a usual and convenient form for a brooch ; 
bnt the mystic swastika within a circle forms an 
emblem which is not exclusively Christian or 
Pa^'an, Gnostic or Agnostic, but which, deriving 
ill remote origin in the East, is now to be met 
w^th from the Himalayas to Cape Connorin, in 
Thibet and in Japan, and may be looked for 
wherever traces exist of the worship of the Phallus 
and of the Sun. It represents the fonrfold or in- 
tensiRed power of the Linp^m within the fruitful 
Yont, and is the symbol of creation and reprodno- 
tioD. 0. S. 

Thk Naval Bbioadk in TnKCiTT(6*'' 
— It would appear from the Editor's note appended 
to a query of Mr. Escott's (4"* S. iL 22H\ ^'o.'iX. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. («^8. vu.jA».6/<a 


the Buffd is the only regiaient irhicb bttn the pre* 
Tilf ge of marching vritb bxed bayoDet* through the 
City. G. Fisuea. 

AciLEONA (e*** S. vi, fi37).— B. J. M. inqnires 
the iiitiuniD^' uf the word Acilegna, which be fiaJs 
00 nn nntiqne ^old cros9. Hiu be observed that 
if he reversef* the letters the inscription reads 
Angelica? PoHsibly he mar think thnt tbis word 
&Uo Deeds explitalion. I really do not know why 
it Kboiild Appear on a cross, ibou|;h it would be 
easy to otfer lunny suf^gestioDs ; &«, for exuniple, 
that Angelica xuay bare been ibe name, real or 
as3uuied, of the wearer of the cro^s. 


HiDOB OR Edge (6**^ S. vi. 450).— W, F. H. 
has wiataken the meaning of hedge in the quotit- 
tioDB he makes. Tn JudgB is a cant phrase de- 
rived from the tnrf, and nieADa " to secure a 
doubtful bet by making othen." In that sense 
it is eHsy to undemtund " bedf^ing the battle at 
the price of his liberty." So hedijing the Deceased 
Wife's .Si!>ter Bill must mean bavin];;; nome other 
object iu view which would be gained by parsing 
the Ad. The application of the word is nt once 
seen. 77f(/j^*, however used, iuvnives the idea of 
protection, shelter, and may be tipplted in a variety 
of ways. The word is used in tUiit sense by Shake- 
Biieare :— 

*' The king In thif perceives him, how he coasts 
And hethjcM hii own imy, But in thta point 
AU hit tricks fnunder.'' iftnry VJII., III. li. 

** Hedgiwj away from soroetbing" is a mistake. 
It should be tdging. If a man sneaks off, he 
naturally takes the line of least observatioD, which 
i« URually the outer line or edge of the locality. 
Of course, thi-! nniy happen also to be a htdge^ but 
not necessarily so. The two words have nothinfc 
in coiuoion. The radical idea of the one is pro- 
tectiun ; that of the other the boundary line of a 
surface, which becomes iu muoy coses the sharp 
cutting edge. J. A. Pjcton. 

Sand^knowe, Wavertrec. 

Surely this is not a new word, but one which 
has long bud a special meAninjLr among a certain 
class of gentlemen. When a judicious '* book- 
conker" wishes to guard himself from any possible 
chance of loss, he hedges, or so arranges bis money 
on various horses ihut whichever wins his bets are 
prnfitahle to him- E. H. M, 


TfiB TnREi Kb (6*^ S. vi. 3Sd).— This phrase 
is generally referred to Sir William Curtis, Bart., 
Lord Mayor in 170J), and for ihirty-six yean 
alderman uf the wiird of Tower, When living 
in that ward some 3 ear* ago I remember an aged 
menibffof the Corpomtion, now deceased, asaertiog 
that Sir WiHibih L'lirti*, in the d.-iys when Dr. 
Bell »D.I til.. Muuker Lancaster were pleading on 

behalf of increased facilities for the education of 
the poor, gave as a toast at a City dinner " the 
three K's." My friend assured me tb&t Sir William 
Curtis, although a man of limited education, waa 
very sbrewdf and not so ignorant as to suppose hi 
presumed orthography was correct. He chose tt 
phrase in the above form purely for a jooul 
reason. J, Maskklu 

Emanuel IIoBpit&l. 

The author of the atatment in The GosptlUr con] 
have bad no knowledge of Sir William Rawlings.' 
I knew him well, meeting bim very freciuently at 
the residence of my cousin Thomas Crook^ a 
tired solicitor, at Battersea Rise, about '30 or '21 
Rawlings was knighted when sheriff; he was depul 
of Bishopsgate ward, and a perfect gcntlerot 
There is, or was, a tomb over his remains i n B(sho| 
gat« churchyard. J. How. 

The Aldine Stmbol (C** S. vi. 324). — i 
p. 25of '^Clanssimiviri D. Andreas aU ( ciati £) 
blematum libellus, vigilanter | recngnitus, & 
ipaoiuniau- | thorelocupletatus. { [Printer'sdevif 
I Parisiis, | Apud Christianum Wecbclu', sa| 
scuto I Basilieosi, in vico lacobteo: &Bub | Pe^ 
in vico Bellouacensi. | mo xi.1111.," is the devu 
of the anchor encircled by the dolphin acooi 
panied by the following ioscription : — 

" Princeps subditorum incolumitatem procorani. 
Titanij qii<*t!eB oonturbant sequnra fratras, 
Turn niis«:ro8 nautas srictiorn isctn iuunt. 
Ilniic piu*ere% hnuiinet Delf l>in cu'plectitur, imif 

TuliuR ut ]vuiiiU tm'i^r iJU uidii, 
QuAm -Itcet |ikc inemorci gcstaro intignia Regts, 
Aiichutti quud nautu, se populo csaesuo." 

Frank Reds FoinOL 
24> Viccoria Grove, Chelsea. 

FovTLixo Later (6» S. vi. 460).— The 
of an ** evening layer or fowling place on the noi 
side of Weston HiU" would be the grant of 
sUiliou there fur the purpose of abooling wild fol 
on their wuy from the sea (in Sand Bay) 
grant of a *' morning layer" would confer a simil 
right to intercept the birds on their pa^stige sf 
wards. This kind of sport is (or was) called '* goii 
lo rode." The word rvde is evidently the luii 
ns read or rur2«, an expedition, foray, and refera 
flight in a body. Uf. 1 Sam. xxvii. 10, and Sbi 
speare, King JJenry 1'///., IV. ii., where Sinj 
explains the word as "courses, stages, Journey 
It is also commonly u««d here as a verb. e. ^ 
"They (the wild fowl) do mostly to(U in to ii)bdj 
warf of an evening" (Note the interesting hn 
uw of \t>irf or imr^A, A.S. waro|», n aliorr). 
Colea, Enilish Did. (1676) gives *• ftorfH/*, a 
for bhickbiri-U or w^iojoncks" — evidenily ■* "^.^ 
to iuteruept the birds in ibeif flight. Posiib] 
therefore, the grant of fowling Uyera tm^y **'' 
conferred the right of placing suoh ueia. 

^8.VIL Jas.6,'&; 



Mkggott Favilt fti" 8. ti. 288, 433).— The 

tnforniatioD about tbis fjtnLlT U fcTj acAtsty. J)id 

it orijpoaily come from ScotJand, where the nniue 

^leg^'it or Mejjget U not uDcommon i Th* (Jen- 

Itman'i Magazine i\^I. xxxviiL p. 393— not 3B9, 

ifl indexed) meniions the marriage^ od Anf;ii9t 18, 

76d, of John Smiib Mpngot to a daughter of 

Charles Bionley. of Lotbbiiry. Strix, in the 

[uoUtioD froru Burkt^'it Landtd Gentry, hna fallen 

^to a alipht erwr. It waa not Lieut.-Ool. Hicbard 

imnis who took the nnnie of D'Aeth, but George 

[Williaui Uu^bc.t, nephew of his (Col. Timma'a) 

wife. The following mnrringe is aho recorded in 

the Gtrulewant Affjitzitu^- (rol. xix. p. 524), " Mr. 

Megate to u dau^jbter of Mr. K«ud, nccouDlont to 

Ihe South Sea Company " <OcU £ti, 1749). 


StRIX. in conden!iiae the acconnt of the aboTe 

family from Bntke's IliJory of (hi Commoner*, 

>1. ii, p. 460, innke-i a mistake in Rayint; that 

ieut.-Cul Richard Timin?, Royal Horse Ouards. 

ik the surnftroe of Li'Aeth. VVhat Burke snys ift, 

Lieut.-Cul. Kichani Timma, of the Koyal Horse 

luards, who married Mary, daughter of Thomas 

lojihes, M.D. of Oxfurd, and aunt of Capt. 

lui^hes, who took the surname of D'Aeth. By 

!r he had a son, John Timma^^Ac, so thub it 

Cupr. HuKhes, and not LieuL-CoI. l^mins, who 

the eurnuLiue of l>'Aeth. B. G. C. £. 

Tire DKRiVATioiff OF "Cameo" (S*** S. ii. 

iS^ 433; iti. 31}.— At the last of these references 

writer, Dit. Chasce, concludes by saying 

that the word is one which "no fellnw can make 

mt." This was in 1876. Prof. Skeat, thouRh 

[ivLog the received etymologies^ and referring, like 

^IL CnANCR, to the leiiroed works of Mnhu &nd 

I i ex. says, "B. Etymology unknown." This was 

870. Yvt some years before, viz. in 18G4, a 

jerivrtlion of the word had been printed in Tht 

'nffstiennnd Ihcir Hcmaim, Ayicitnt and Medi{rval^ 

C. W. King, M.A., Follow of Trinity College, 

imbridue, author of Aidi'jne Gems, which seems 

[friy to \Hi, ns that author states, the true one. 

the section on the " Miiterial and Style" of the 

rQostic inla^li, *Hhe m<iteriitl of a talismcin being 

|ntt« as essential to its virtue as the iigil to be 

rngrifcved upon it," he says, "The jasper and the 

itone, the special minerals at the fountains 

the mugic art, E^ypt and Assyria, had been 

iiu time immemoriul adjudged the peculiar 

»biel«s for the exhibition of talismans.*' To 

lis he appends the following note {p. 11:2): — 

** The true etynmlogy of the much iliiputeJ word 

lleiiry ni.g time written Cumahui. in to bo 

in tho Pcritnn worJCVtmaAra. loftdstone or lihroua 

>te. the UfUftl itiateriiU for H&hjrioniui cy!in<ler«j 

lhcr< dfiwii lo thr tlmpii of the Cuflo ngnet*. 

^b», kufiwiiiK n-inll'cr mutiro for (he enjiraring 

'hlMi their cnnvtr»i'in intu taliiniaiif, p*TP thtf 

ed lo tht! whole cltiM; 

sad the Cruud^rs tntro>)uce<l it tnio alt E< 
ipM^ei ill (hie ««iuc. NUtCliew PiLrti hn^i : 

<t]innu vulgariler AppelUiuus,' which nurltk .— b^ 


See also his Antiqut (renu and /finyi, lioad., 1873, 

vol. iL pp. 281-7. 

This etymology, if received, ai it twrns entillfd to 
be, will add another Persian word lo the list gif4»n 
by Archbishop Trench in his Bnglx'h Petit and 
Pretmt, lect. L p. 13, second edit.» 1835, the few 
Pertinn words being " .izure [on which ftsa 
"N. & Q./* B"* S. xi., xii,], bazaar, caravan, cara* 
vanserat, cbus, dervUb. lilac, orange, sarabandJ 
tftffeta, tambour, turban*'; or, if we are indebted 
to the Arabs fur it, to the still longer list of ArabiOt 
words enumerated by the archhLshop on the pre- 
ceding page. W. E. BoccLET. 

Thomas CncRcnTARD (3** S. viii. 10, 337, 331). 
— Possibly AoDiTT and others may not have lost 
interest in this subject. I have in tny possessioa 
" The Worthiiust of WaleSf u Poem. A true 
note of (be auncient Castles, famous Monuments, 
goodly Ktvers, faire Brid^^s, tine Townes, nod 
courteous People, I hare seen in the oohle 
Countrie of \V ales, and now set forth, by Tboraaa 
Churchyard," London, reprinted from the edition 
of 1387 for Thomas Evans in the Strand, 
MPrcLXXVL This book contains a dedicatory 
epistle "To the Queen's most excellent Mnjeitie, 
Elizabeth, by the Grace of God, Queene of Eog- 
land, Fniunce, and Ireland, Ac. Thomas Church- 
yard wishelh always Rlessednes, Goo«l Fortune, 
Victorie, and worldly Honour, with the Encreaae: 
of qniet Raigne, vertuous Lyfe, and most priocelj'.l 
Government." I may just mention that for souio 
short time I have been largely quoting (in som« 
rough notes contributed to a local paper) from the 
book referred to. If any extracts would bo of 
interest for readers of " N. & Q" I shall, of 
course, be glad to give them. I should meotioa 
the author seems to have been taken ill towards 
the completion of the small volume, which is called'] 
ftt the end, ** My first liooke of the Worthines of 
Wales," and Chnrchyard says, if the volume is 
"Wei taken, wil encoumge me to aet foorth 
another." ALracD Oiu.3. JosTAS. 


TBtfSis (6** a. iii. <Jft5; ir. 90, 214; t. ."56, 73; Tl. 

373,410,430,470,519,543).— Fonhesakeof brevity 
I did not enter into any diecussion upon the gamft-^ 
called tennis, nor did I attempt to show bow the 
name was applied to the game in this country and 
not in France. The word, iu one form or other, 
WAS used here before the game was invented. 
Kelham, in his ym-man-FrencK Did , has " r^nfOH, 
dispute, quarrel," annwering to the OF. t€nc6 
(tfflii), "combat, querelle." The word was, how- 
ever, iiodorstood in its old sense of beating to and 
fro. Spenser writes, "And those four garrisons 


isBuinp forth will bo drive him from ono side 

to another And Unnit faim aniongst them that be 
shall find no where sare to keep his creet [eartheD 
Tesael] in, nor hide hiiuBelf" {iSta(e of Ireland^ 
ed. 1850, p. 500). With this njeanin^ the word 
was applied to the game here, but only when 
played with rackets. Mr. Wedgwood ia there- 
fore correct in his definition : '* Tennu^ n carne in 
which a ball ia driren to and fro with mcketa." In 
an English version of the Janua Linguarum of 
Comeniug, by Hoole (1658), there is a representa- 
tion of a tennis court divided by a line or cord in 
the middle, and the players stand on each side of 
it with rackets in their hands ready for the game. 
A bull Kiime played with the hand was called haod- 
bnll or hand-tennis. We are told that when Queen 
Elizabeth waa a guest of the Karl of Hertford, at 
Elvclham (1591), "after dinner, ten of his lord- 
ebip's servants did hang up Lines, squaring out the 
forme of a tennis court, and making a cross line 
in the middle; in this square they played five to 
five with hand-ball at bord and cord as they tearrae 
it, to the great liking of ber highness " (Nichols, 
Frog. ii. 19, Strutt, p. 95). Strutt calU the game 
of fives " hand-teunm " {Sports, od. 1833, p. 05). 
In France, however, the game was always at first 
played by hand, and hence lUjitimefjeudipaulme. 
St, Foix says that "it consisted originally in re- 
ceiving the ball and driving it back again with the 
palm of the hand. In former times they played 
with the naked hand, then with a glove, which in 
BOmo instances was lined." He mentions a young 
woman named Margot who excelled in the game, 
and pliiyed either with the piilm or the back of her 
hand {JSssait HUtoriipus «ur Parig^ i. 160, Strutt, 
p. 9^). Though the word rackti hris come to us 
throufjh France, yet the custom of playing with 
some kind of instrument, bat or racket, seems to 
bare sprung up in this country, for Chaucer, ia bis 
TroyUu and Cryitydif writes: — 

'* But kanitow ployeu rocirt to and fro." 

u. m. 

PnoF. Skeat's derivation of the word Unnia (or 
teniSfM it was formerly written) cannot be accepted, 
but Mr, Julian Maksuall is not correct in sny- 
ing that only a atout cord was used to divide the 
player*. It is generally spoken of as a line, with- 
out reference to thickoean, and no doubt often 
Yaried in size. The common proverbial sajing, 
•'Thou ba*t stricken the bull under the lino" is 
found iu Ueywood, meaniag that a wrong stroke 
hu been made, or, in other wordj, that a person 
baa failed in bis purpose. J. I). 

Uebhw Square, 

ScU1I.LSR'fl ** PEOAftUa IM JoCHE " (6*^ S, Vt. 

4P0, Ti-i^'i. — ^(n. Ni^ftKiamitundcrstands my query, 
III I (Ifrmaufrom myboyhood, 

id the drift of Schiller's 
\\ iuj.1 1 ii\f\v :itt«otioD to was the fobe 

accent which Schiller had laid on the word '* Hny- 
miirket," utterly destructive of the ("crinnion of tbft. 
line. What the |>^culinrit!es of the London H 
market may be, which are "known now to ev 
Genuan schoolboy," I cannot tell. Hny, as I 
member, used to be sold there, but not horses, a 
the accent in the word waa always laid, as it still 
ia laid, on the first syllable. J. Dixon. 

Waoojiktte (6"» 3. tL 207, 233. 377).— More 
tolerant than S. S. Y, Y. of vxiygon is Prof, Skeut, 
He says thut the two g'ti serve to »how that the 
vowel a is short, und reiuinds us that in 1C23 
wn^gon and irnggoner fit;nred (as they do still 
figure) in Rovuo and Juliet, I. iv. AIus for lb 
"illiterate" spelling of that benighted a 
Wagging and vxiggon are more akin t 
S. S. Y, Y, Buspecta. St. Swithiw; 



Thb Lumber Troop (6"> S. vi. 448, 490) 
** The Book of Rules on vellum,'* folio, is now 
in my possession. The illuminated title reads, 
"New Laws, Kegutatione. and Procedure of Busi- 
ne£4 of the Antieot and Honorable Lumber Truop^ 
as Agreed to by the Troop in pursuance of a Re|K>rt 
from the Committee appointed to revise the Old 
Lnws, February 8, 1B32." The cfiicers wero 
seventeen in number, headed by ** Colonel ''Charles, 
the tailor, of 171, Fleet Street. The rules, tho 
order of tho elections, the fines, the procedure of 
business, "the form of making" a trooper, the 
charge, and the wind-up song, commencing. " Wo 
are full ten thousand brave boys," are exiremely 
curious ; and it is my intention one of these d 
to give a history of the society, and incorporate 
contents of my volume and a quantity of hith 
unknown facta in connexion with its poUt; 
importance at elections in the City of London 
the days when bribery with corruption waa thou 
to be a less horrible crime Ihun it is In 
cnlighUned latter half of the nineleeuth century. 

Tht Viigaries of tht Luinfttr T\o*>per*t with 
account of the ball given by Sir John Key, ~~ 
(the Lord Mayor), at the M.insion Hou^r, Oc 
1831, was pnnled in ft vo. form that year at 
price of sixpence, and it is now very rare. 

The head({uarters of the troop were in the neF{ 
bourliood of Fleet Street, changing (more frequr 
in later duyi) from one tavern to another, 
place nf meeting in Bolt Court is recorded in 
.\femnriaU of T*tnj4e Bar^ uritk jow- '---""<* 
FUft StnU, published in iSfil), p. V: ; 
latter work I nm nn«- mllectiDg U;::-. 
aecond and oul; ii. T. C J^oiU.i 

110, OreenwooJ . i^'.on. 

The writer of on viiele in fft/imfc«rVA Join 
N'ov,4, lft«2,p.V03("0bit 
lions this club as if be a; 
about it. Ku doabl kecuula Hupi<i;' m it. ii< lioi 



with the iaformatloa foe which ho asks, I may 
quote bid words : — 

**He dU not trouble to insure a Itliation to bii memory, 
IUa the ftticieot lunib«rtrooper, who lerred forty yemn 
la that iJt>tin»niifi]iei corpi, anJ bequeRtbed the troopers 
ft en>uVL>il R'liiiea to he b^ ent in punch kdJ tobacco on the 
<Uj be was luid under the turf. 

W. D. Parish. 

Hair orowitco aftkr Death {e*** S. vi. ZA4, 
406). — The foUowinu extract from the " Acti of 
lidpsic," may possibly be of intercat : — 

" In tbo year ITlDii. womnn whi ioterrfld nt Nurvm- 
bargt in <^ wooden coffin painted black, acoonJio^ to the 
etulotu of the country. The earth, wherein her bi)iiy 
Was liepofited, was dry and yellow, aj it ii for the moft 
|Mirkin theenTironioi thutcity. Of thr««bodita, buried 
in tbo fame crave, t)jii woinan'i was laid deopeet in the 
groiiri'). In ITtJI, there bein){ occuion to xoftkfl room for 
ft fourth body, the grave waa dug up anew. To the sur- 
prise nf the digger, when ho had removed the two u|i()er- 
moat ci^flins, he perceired a coiuiderAble i]uunltly of bnir 
that had matlo its w^y thronith the cretices of the 
coffin. The lid beinK removed, there appeared a perfect 
meinblance uf a huinan figure, the eyed, nose, mouth, 
fAra, and all other parta, being very diottnct; but from 
thr crown of ibc bond to the to'ei of the fret it waj 
ooTercd with very lone, thick, t.nd frizzled hdir. The 
grave -diei?er, after ciaminlnt: il for aome time, happened 
to I' I ' ' 'jcr part of th« head. To hia surprise the 

entr 111 at once to vhrink. and at Imt nuthing 

rciii;< - Imnd but a man of muicb hair, which 

iiucniioly aaiuruedft browniih red colour." 

The learned Honoratm Fiibri (Lib. 3, Da Plantis)^ 
and seveml other uuthors, are uf opiuion ihut, 
wool, feathers, D&ils, horna, teeth, &c^ are nothing 
bafc reget&bles. If that bo so we need not be 
•arprised to find them growing on the bodies of 
aniuiiiN after deuth, n circumstaoco that has 
occiiflif»nidly been observed. Fetms Borellus pre- 
teoda that these productions may be tniuf^pbinled 
M vegetables, nnd may grow in a ditfereot place 
from tbnt where they first fjerminated. He cites, 
in some obKerrations on this subject, among other 
examples, that of a tooth dmwn out and trans- 
pIoDted. In the rhiioaophical CoUeeiions of Mr. 
Hooke it i«, 1 believe, stuted, on the nutbority of 
a gentleman named Arnold, that a man handed at 
Tyburn for theft was found, shortly after bis 
nmOTul from the g.allown. to be " covered over in 
ft very eximordinary manner with hair." 

In a letter addreaaed by a Dr. Bartholine to 
MoDiiirur Snchi, which is inserted in the " Acta of 
Copenhii^en," occur the folluwing words : — 

M do not know whether y^u ever obierred that tlie 
hair wl'icli in people when living was black or grey, 
often after iheirJeatb, in di){gt()):uptheirgmveai,uropen- 
iog' the vnulta where thoy lie, 1« found changed into a fair 
or llAxen colour; so that their reUtiona can icarce know 
them fic*in by txidi a mark. This chan)j>e ia produced 
Itndoubivdiy by the hot and concentred vapouri which 
axe exhaled from thedfiad bodies." 

Richard EoccaaiBB. 
38, Tcdwoith Square^ Chelsea. 

the Crimean war an officer well known for his line 
beard died or was killed in action (I forget which) ; 
he was buried wrapt in hia blanket ; a little timo 
afterwards bis body was exbrttned for some rciwon, 
and it was said that bis beard had ^O'wn thro^tgh- 
his blanket. I heard this myself, either when I 
waa in the Crimea or shortly after the war. 

O. B. T. 

There is no need to go so (ar as the Vatican 
Library to i^ee a head of hair of tbe Roman period ; 
08 in the fine museum of the Yorkshire Philo- 
sophical Society at York there ia tbe hair of a 
;ouDg Iad;r coiled in the modern fashion, into 
which are stuck jot pins, found lo a sarcophagus 
during tbe erection of the new railway station ab 
York. R. B. 

South Shields. 

ToRTRAiT or Dante ($^ S. vi. 167, 297, 458). 
— There is not only the terra-cotta copy of the 
aft<>r-death cost at Florence, but there is the cast 
itself, now removed thither, though when Floreoc* 
nought to possess herself of it in U>76 Ravenna 
refused to part with it, and a monk hid it away (& 
copy of tbe cast and the empty box in which it 
was concealed are all that now remain to Kaveaua). 
Like oU casts taken from a corpse, it lacks sharp- 
ness and expression. There is tbe fine, though Mefis- 
tofelian — only too sharp— bronze bust in the Museo 
Borbnnico at Naples. In the Palazzo Pubblico, 
cither at Siena or Son Gemigoano, is an early 
but not contemporary painting of Dante being 
sent to San Oomignano as ambassador May 8th, 
1299, into which he is introduced as one of th© 
characterB. ^ And then there is the jwrtniit ascribetl 
to R-'ifTaele in possession of Mr. Morris Moore, ia 
Rome, which that veteran collector considers the 
only one worth the name of a portrait. But these 
do not touch tbe original very puzzling question, 
how Carlyle came to speak of Giotto's portrait a» 
*' weil known "in 1841, when it wasouly uncovered 
that year, and could not have been '* well known" 
to those be was addressing. Of course, i( wtL^ 
well known and prized in Italy before the white- 
wash age covered it up. Is it not possible that ho 
used " well known" in this sense 1 R. E.Busic. 

P.S. — Since I sent you the above, Mr. Hartwell 
Grissell has given me the following additional 
items. The painting in the chapel was unwhite- 
washed up to the time of Vasari, nnd he an well 
as Villani, nnd also Manetti in his Spi-cimen Ilii' 
tonttf alludes to it. Carlyle may have gained 
information on the subject through bis brother, 
who was a commentator on Dante. There waa 
another portmit of Dante by Giotto in llie church 

at Asaifii, There is a portrait of him in Stn. 
Maria del Fiore by Doni. Michelmo, I4ti5, niip- 
I posed to have been painted with the usuiatunce of 
J remember hearing the following stoiy- During the one in the Bargello. 




A Yard or Bbeb (&*" S. v, 368, 394. 456 ; vi, 
77, 257, 278, 299).— In former dtiys, wUwn Bikon 
GranKO. near R"K^y» belonund to the laU hos- 
pitable C<(pt. VVtisbington Hibbert, tbr«e or four 
LvDg Uiperiog glasses, jiisl like elon^.1leil chum pngne 
glosses of the old I ypf*, and with no wider uionch, 
used to stand on the aideboiird in tho gmud 
booqaebing hiill. They soon cmi^ht my eye when 
I was stuyiDg there, and on innniry I wnn told 
tfcfit they were "yurJ-j of uk'." '1 hese yanii of tile 
liold, in reiility, very little, but unless you bring 
tliem ni> to your mouth very cnrcfully ynu are sure 
to send ihe contents into your face instead of down 
your thro:it, nnd a beer bath with one's clothes on 

Dot particulurly agreeable. 


The following pssMge illustrates tho practice of 
drinking " u yard of beer ": — 

*' H«r« in tall GUu that Ims the MnMi rc]^lrd, 
Who Dtill mii«t likr what '«h full rives'ur'd Yard^ 
Large qunuiitit* "f Burton Alo are fwihM, 
Bv ifuiiiie of Warehoiifte-Mcn in Trsifficlt fkiU'J ; 
Whn. nl\ fmm Maiich'Bter. full Xortli t' n Man, 
Crj Sh«rp '« the Word, and hit** ihM tleepcsl ciin."* 
VW< Mccumfitr MaltWormj, ii. 'J4 \V,m, 


The Rhoisters of Gray's Inw (6** S. ri. 268, 
434).^! wiw awiire of the order lueutinned by 
O. F. K. B. There is also an earlier cue, I .IaQ)es I , 
aigned by Sir E. Coke and Lord Ttacon, " That uone 
bo admitted from thenceforth intothe Society of any 
House of Court thut is not a gentleman by descent " 
(Spilbury'rt Lincoln's Inn). Genird Lei^^h also 
says, " Gentlemen of three dcacenta only were 
admitted " (uee P. Cunninghauj's UandUtok to 
London, *' Inns of Court "), I may not have made 
my query plain: I wished to know nhere I could 
get lists of solicitors or attorneys of the date of 
1624, and before then. The person I am ttparch- 
ing for was practiAing as an attorney or solicitor 
in 1624, or earlier, and was admitted into tho 
Middle Temple in 1035— eo it is evident that he 
proved his descent ; and I wished to see if the list 
t^avc the name of bis father, pince of aborle, ^c, 
tu the other entries of the Inns of Court do. The 

Cftbove rules are not generally known, and are in- 
Isrestinfr to many, as a proof that any persons 
iotered at those dates and after were of proved 
descant and coat armour. Stkix. 

L ScorsniL (6* S. vi. 347, 394).— T often made 
Vseoperils " when a Uttlc boy, and amused myself 
with Bpinnint; them un my tilnte when I ou^bt to 
have been doing my bii»i«. To make a ''Huriperil * 
w» used to take x rfmnd thin bone button (or 
rather the inside of a cloth button) and put a thin 
peg through it, and thus convert it into a homely 
t«etotum. Although not "an animal," it certainly 
b4da**quick and wriggling motion," and ao bad 

we when the sohoolmaster found out our little 
game. JEU R, 

ijoaton, Lincoln«hire. 

This word is, I believe, righJy spelt " scopperil. 
It meuna the bone foundation of u button. Whether 
it be in the ordinary dictionaries I know not, bu( 
it is comuiooly u&ed in the folk-speech in many 
distont parts of Lngland, Your correi^pondenl 
will find it aliEo in Atkinson's Clewland GlosKtrjf, 
Peacock's Munhtf ami Vorriuyham Gtonfitry, and 
Morris'ri OJ<tf»(tnj of i''un»«ii. These soopperila 
have often a pe/ piissed through the hole iu the 
middle, and then they can be used as a teetotum 
for the amusement of children. Akun, 

BrRiED Atu'E : a Talk or Old Oor.oosE (G'*» 
S. iv. 344, 518; v. 117, IftG. lOr), 432; vi. 2\>9, 
355). — Perba^M the following extract, relating to 
this subject, may be intere-tting to some readers o^ 
'* N. & Q " : " Buried a uicke by a lord of the towa i 
fur a liifcpleasure be tooke »t him for a horse, l.*ik«aj 
as some suy for a mortuary." This tradition of &] 
priest is recorded by Lcland, and the memorial 
stone iantill to be seen in the cimrchyard of tbii 
town. Leland also adds of the lord that he went) 
to Kome for absolulioo und" tooke great repent' 
uoce " (Pearson's History of liriXckUv). 

' J. R. W. 


On July 15, 1743, died, " in earnest," the wife of 
one Kirkeen. who was twice in Dnblm re:tdy to bo 
buried, but came to life, to her loving hufibaod'e 
great disappointment, who. fearing the U 
accident, immediately put her into a co(Hn, 
it nailed up, and buried her the next da3 
{GeniUmarCs Ma/jazinc). Celer et Audax. 

" Ho THY WAT" (6* S. iv, 20, 152; vi. 115^1 
217, 37C).— 0/« jrrr^**hold ye," ia the expres«ioil] 
used ia the harvest fields in Northauiptoushire, 
Aldert liAhr»U0H9S. 

Botler's "HmiinRAS," Part TII.,lfi78 (fi* sj 
vi. 108, l.'iO, £7fi, 311, 370, 454).— I am 'machj 
obliged to Dr. Inulkby for the further I'ght ha 
has thrown on the subject of this book. On 
examining my copy, I find the figures f», 7. are 
tr.iniiposed iu the Duml»ertng of p. l.')7,und that 
p. Hi, 1. 18, the misprinted word is spelt (r/rnic . 
My copy, therefore, resembles his, as he surmiwd^ 
Dr. Inulery does not i>peciliciilly Bay that thii 
insuQ has not the additional |i.-\ge of erra'-i ; but 
infer from his language that this is tho e*i*«i an< 
that the Uble was not appended till A «^J« "'•"id 
off. W. K Pbideaox. 

Jaipur, lUjpnlana. 

OoRFtw (e**" S. vi. 247. £90, 43fl).--Tbose ivii 
teresttd in the ciuimis mi»t»ke of Othl'on l\i< 
bifllorian, to whicU Ma. J. OixuN aUudea ui il 

8. VII. Jin. 6, '83.) 



liut reference, Tnny like to h* wnuDdod of a reply 
•ent seventeen years ngo, and printwl in 3"* S. vii. 
483, by J. Woodward. 

7^e St'lftK of Mo dame yeeier, Br the Vicomte 

d'HftuasonTille. TrniiBlktcd bj U. M. ''rroUope. 2 Toli. 

(Cliftpnidn Ic HhII.) 
Tub celebrity of hrr husband and itill more famous 
dAugliterhmiobioureO thenkmeof SuunneGurct]iod,)Lft(.'r- 
w&t^s Madame Necker. Yet nbo wu QTutentl; a womJiri 
of no ordinary talenU or atCracttotifl. Thoui^h only ttic 
daughter of the pastor of Crasiifr, the charm of her 
beauty, her learnniff, her eonvemiiion, raide her the 
•t&r of lociety at Launanne, ai.d gathered to the ffimpte 
jtartonai^e the most dtBtin{^ii«>heJ incn of cultured OeneTs, 
[Oibbnn, who hail freed himself from hii impriaonuient 
5n bit jifnt'OK by abjuring roperr, waa roaily to iiir- 
render liii new-found freeuom to Mdlle. Curchod. lie 
bad alio won her bcart, for the girl'i lettvn tbow bow 
deeply the felt the breach of ber enjiogement with one 
of whoso pcrHonal appearance the baa left a far more 
plfa^inj; portrait than would have been compowd from 
the famoui ■ilhouctte nr thf> well-known ajiecdote of 
Madame du I'effiuid. Her father'* deitii reduced her tn 
fticb poTorty that Hlie gladly accej>ted the invitation of 
Madame de Veimonoux to Parifl. There M. ^>cke^ wai 
tbon paying hia court to her protectress, and, refused by 
the widuw, hi« heart wa.^ c«ught at the rebound by Uie 
companion. Tbui began her brilliant life in Parin. In 
Che Kue Michel le Comte Madame Ntcker began to 
gather round her that circle of diitinguiihed men which 
made ber Friday* famoon at tho Hotel Lo Blanc or St. 
Ouen. There were to he seen tha gallant Bernard 
("gentil Bertiard," ai Vnltaire cbrittcned hlni); t^ic 
contradictory Suard, translator of Kohcrtsoii' b Char let V. 
[ftfid cenanr of tho French Academy ; the sportire Mar- 
■aontel, the imparaioncd adorer of M&datna Nrckcr, Lhe 
ifanportunate ■uiC'^r of her hustianil, whom Madame du 
Peffand ityled the be^fgar clothed in rag« ; the teity 
iHorellct, who wore under the philosopher b cloak tho 
[ttrery of a financier, and who used the former to hide 
rUte caatigation he hkd reccired fmm M. \ecker in lui 
icffbrta to win the reputation of the latter. Tlii-re too 
Iwera GriiDtn — who, thougb never bnppy eicept "In a 
room with, near to, or chrto by the ude of, before or 
behind, aome Ocrnian Royal Ili^hneM," dit-proved the 
rmpreaa'a varcaum by hiK treqiietit visit* to the Hotel Le 
BUnc— and I>id»>rot, tho ntithor of /.n itrliijieuMt, the 
lover of Sophie Voland and Madame de Friaieux, aub> 
duedand faKinnted by tie purity of Madame Necker, 
on whom mi ohuduw of ill report boa ever fallen^ No 
purer monument nas ever raised to tho fair fumo of 
woman than waa creeled to MoiUnie Necker by TJideroL'i 
avowal that for her rake he reuretled the inipuritief of 
bia vrritinga. To her D'Alombert came for coinf<»rt in 
tbe only lorrow which evrr touched hia coli and poor 
nature, the deiitb of Mdlle. de Ixwpinesie. In her ear 
the Abbe Galiani, wittiest and muit britliant of talkers, 
forth hli fforrowB nt returning to Naplci. At ber 
knocked needy men of lettfn, like Bernardin dc 
Pierre before hi* fame wbr eiitabliiihed by I'aui and 
[VwyiiKii. At her feet Buffi>n offered ht«nged affcctioni, 

id with ber hand in hiiarowed him<elf a Christian and 
In her pure frlendabip Tbonias (VoUatre'i 

ipklitborou'] fuuud tbe one bright apot in a dis- 
afrpoiiit«4l life, more fitted for the earnest truthaeeken 
«f tbe nineteenth century (ban for tbe light>he«iTted 
wcpitce of tbe eighteenth. Space only allow* un to dwell 
•o tbe litetftiy celebriike ik Medamo Neckcr'i lalon, 

though the Indiei— Maadames da Prffnnd, de Marchai*, 
and fieolfrm, the Mar^cbale de Ijuxemhourg, the Ducheve 
de LausHii— nr»; almo«t more faiicinating. and the poli- 
tlclsns who (ptthercl round hrr in the deepening thadowfl 
of tbe French Kerolution form an eqtniJ:y intereaUng 
topic. We envy lhe Vicomte d'HanMonvdlc the first 
diacoTcry of this mine of wealth in tbearchiveaofCcippet; 
but we aUu congratulate ourielvcfl ibat the treaaure has 
fallen into lucb competent bands. The book is in all 
reapeoU a moxt Httractiro one. written with the ease 
nnrl sprightbnesa and power uf bitting off characters by 
happy phrawe Which arc so confipicuous in our neigh* 
hour*. Book'muking tendencies ara sternly repressed, 
CifUDtless names occur In these volumes whirb are dis- 
missed in bri'-f n^'tcH at tbe bottom of tbe pa^c, and tbut, 
while the attention of the rradrr is concentrated on the 
moat important ])er«ons,tbe book forms an encyclopedia 
of Kroncb i-ociety in the twenty vears before the Hero- 
lutton. The tranilator has dme bia work well through- 
out, and has succeeded in rendering impassioned Frencli 
into Knglifh without mnking it ridiculous. In con- 
clusion, we may remind Air. Trollope that "pennanco" 
does not ^ell f-enajtct, and the Vicomte d'Hausaonvitle 
that Mr, Pitt was not Cbnnoellor of the Exchequer ia 
Lord Rockingliaoi's, but in Lord Shelbume's admicia- 
EnijVsK }ftm of LiiUr$. Edited by John Morley. — 

Swft. Ity Leslie Stephen.— .%r»e. By H. D. Traill. 

(MHomiliHn & Co.) 
These volumes illuatrato some of the difficnlties of this 
Vf-ry popular and intcrr«ttng »erii>t. The Rwift litera* 
tiire, as cllectors like Col. Grant could infonn ua, is 
iinmensti ; tbe Stenio litera^turc. on the contrary, is of the 
moat meagre description, and can be hardly said to begin 
until thnt writer wan foriy six. and within eiftht years of 
his death. Rut Mr. J^etitie Stephen baa. r(>Terihflle8a, 
hid tn comprfsa in two hundred odd pfiges what thelal* 
fttr. Fomlfr proposed to say in ihreo bulky octavos: 
vvhilo Mr. Traill, on the contrary, has been obliged to 
expand his material by concluding chapters, not by any 
n^eans tbe least valuable i>f his book, on Sterne's style, 
humour, sentiment, nnd m forth. And yei in neither 
L-aie can tbe conditions of the series be said to have 
greatly affectel the literary value af tbe work. So much 
has ben said about Swift that wc are less curious for 
fscts than toa*rertiiin how be presents himself toawriter 
who knows so much of his time and contemporaries af 
Mr. Stephen; nur have we been so surfeited with 
Sterne as to resent a frc*h study of him by a fresh pen. 
Both books are, in truth. admirut>ly done. Mr Stephen'a 
e*%»y is full of all those tine and rupid (uucbes whicli 
distinguish htm among critics. No one can bit off a 
judgment in a passing epigram with so much felicity, as, 
fi^r example, when be speitks of Swift's fricndrbip (we 
regret tltat we ctinnot rptrac<? tbe psssn^e an as to quottf 
precisely), as " an anni'xntion mtlier ilum an alliance." 
With regard toStellB'smanisge to Swift jtlr.Htephtn wilt 
not speak decisivoly, but we gather that be inclines to be< 
lieTe that it took place. His conjecture that the cryptic 
" FiiiK't'^^'ck Boliah " of the "little language" meane 
" Pilparlirk »irrali " is ingenious, and may iTte to exer- 
cise those who delight in innnitcsiroal probUms. Mr. 
Traill's volume is in a difTcrent. though in its way equally 
sugiieitire nlyle. Gnu detects here and there tho 
hunionriit of tbe lifcapturtU Rhtpiief s but we are not 
sure ibat tbe desire to be ultra-Sbaitdian in writing of 
Sterne has not son>etimesbetrsyed bim into what is a little 
like bad ts ate. Mrs. Sterne's *' fatal fecundity " seems 
scarcrly to de*erve or to require tbe atteation which 
Mr. TrNill devolet to it. IJis view nf Sterne, bowerer^ 
ts a sane and reasonable one, and nicely hung between 
partiranihip and diflike,or (ibalt wo lay t) tetw««.% IS'w-ec 



ger^W hik! ThBckeruy, Ofminor ^mlntt Mr. Tr*ill ii ap- 
parently inrurious. He dDce not ieeta Co Lave even heard 
of tlie weightjr but iuconctuiiTe diiciUBlon of Mr. Cox u 
to wbettier it vtns kt llei«th or Ilipperholme that 
SterDo wrote bis iikme on ttie ceiling {tru/< " N. & Q.," 
G"* S. i. W^} ; n<>r have we hnppened upoa uy alluiton 
to th(^ itnry which raBk««i Unole Toby'a original the 
C&pl. Hinde of Preaton Gutle. of whom an account is 
gWeu iu AfurmiUtiK* MayattHt for July, 1873- 

Ari and th« Formaiion t^f Tasit. Six Lectureiby Looy 
Crane. With Iltuatration* drawn b> Tbomas aud 
- Waltt^r Crhno. (Mioiaillan k Co.) 
TIIK3H Itetur^i were written for deliverr to nnall, wmi- 
private audiences, and the latit«ntcd writer (latelr drad) 
bad appxrently not prepared them fully for pubfication 
in Tolume form. Miii Cnne'i brotbers, buwevor, bavo 
wisely jud^d what alio had written upon art worthy of 
such publication, and hvtt enriched th« raliime rcflultinR 
from thrir (Hlitnrinl Inboun with lercntl cprcimons of 
tlie peculiarly inj{cnioui arii*iic power wbicli character- 
Jr?« both Tiionia'f and Walter Crane. The Kctureg them- 
■elv« are full of knowledge, acd embody what mlifht be 
called a eDnimon*scnse plea fur high art. Of the various 
chapters, ]ierbapi<i that on colour contain! the moit 
TaloablL' bintfl. But the whole book ii worthy of itudy, 
and can hardly fail to stimulate and pleaic any reader 
who careii to analyze the faith thai Is in him in the 
natter of artistic laate. 

Mrmoirta du Due de Sitint^Sirnon r Tall* Aiphaht'tigut. 

KMiKi'* par M. Paul Gu^rin. (Pari^, Hochette k Co.) 
T006K anioitttflt our readers (and we hope that their name 
U legion) who are acijuainted with 8air.t-S)mon'Ami*moirs 
are atrhrc that tin; ^rfat writer hml drnwn up for hii 
own private uite a tabic uf the principnl contents of his 
voluminous autobiography. This twble, which would bo 
full uf interest CTcn if it had no other merit than itv 
authoraliiji, has been printed in the duodecimn edition 
revised by MM. Chiruel and Adolpbe Ki5)piier. and 
published by Meairs. Hachette & Co.^ of Fari^. 
A elance at it, however, showH how utterly in- 
aufficiorit it Is ai a reperloire, and it contd not txis- 
sibly preclude the compiling of a detailed index. 
This tcdiou», but pre • eminently useful taik bos 
been admirably performed by one of tlio ktepora of 
the French Htate Paper Ollicc, M. Paul IJutrin; aud 
flome slifcht conception of tlie magnitude of tite work 
may he formed when we say that it reprMente nearly 
one hundred thousHnd cards, and three hundred double- 
columned pagec of very close print. A comiarieon of 
M- Ouerin's index witli those of the editions of 18:^9, 
1.H40, and ISiiti will be the best way of proving the 
euperiurily of the one we are now nottcint;. The 
nmjnrity of the articles suggest no special remark; but 
ihf reader will ubeerro that (h"«e refcrrini; to the principal 
pertutingcs, such a* Ijouig XIV'.. Cardimtl Alberoni. the 
Due d'UrUans, and Sainc^imrm biniself. are subdivided, 
for the sake of couveniencc, ioto several sections under 
distinct headiiiei. 

Miss Mart Powlct, or LkTcaw Amur. ^ Among the 
learned ladies who have helped to make " N. k Q." \*h>\i 
it is, no name will be found more worthy of retpcot than 
that of **M. P., Cumberland," who died, as wo learn 
with nincb recret. {jn the 23rd ultimo, sged seventy. 
Those who knew Miw Puwleyo/ Aom^|»i itrlivolbnyfi my} 
arc aware that her valuable papers in " N. k (J." nii<i 
in the Cuutberland and ^VcBt^lO^«Und Archieoloiiical 
Society's Traru'tctions d\tl not express the wh"lo of her 
iDtvllvctual worth and power. Kho wai a !$«andinavian 
scholar; sbe waa, n» her KchotM ttf Old Ct-mlrrfnnd 
■howl, a writer of skilful and genuine vene, whttber in 

the form of trnnfllationfi from the Dnniih oroforii 

Eoemi such as tbo weil-knonn BroUcn. StalKiman. 
new, ta few nt w know, the old wordx, the old 
tions, of her ancient Innd ; and though she wai ah 
ready (in *pite of much physical iitflroiity) to impsrt 
knowlo Ue, and did so, for instance, in ihe papers abora 
mcrtioned and in her dlalt-ct eontribution«for the E.D.S., 
yet wc fear tbat tlie beet of herself is gone witli her into 
kilence. 8he had, too, tlimneh bor family connexion 
with the Unwins, & store of Cow per nii>nioriei> and lettrra, 
which one wonld hope Is not wholly lost, Mian Pnwley 
came of that old "8iato«man" slock, Che glory of Cum- 
berlund, which Woniswortli has made so famc<ui. Like 
her Yorkshire neighbour, Adam Srdgwick, whom she 
resembled in this and in otiior resp^-cis, slio was ardent 
and j?aloui. even in email matters, for her county and 
its ways. The Professor, helped by the personal friend- 
ship of her Majaaty, wav able to correct by a special Act 
of Parliament (;ii!&33 Vict.,c. 30) an otymnli.gical error 
committed at l>ent; and Miss Powley, uouiJcd, drew 
down, not indeed an nngcd, for it wtis only the Midland 
Railway Company, and persuaded them not to spoil the 
name of her native Langwuthby. That pleasant village^ 
and Cumbertund at large, may be proud of her, aud u 
proud of her. 

Ma. 0. L. Gahmk, FS.A., and Mr. H. B. Wheatley, 
F.S.A., propose to reprint, in chap-book form, witii out- 
line re prevonta tions of the quaint woodcuts, a eelection 
of the earliest editions at preient known of those fugitive 
though not forgotten pirceit of a dead literature, the 
cl>Kp-book^<, or peuity |n»tor)e«, *o exLeit»ively in v>>t;uo In 
the itevrnteenth snd oigl<teenth centurlc*. Each iraot 
will be complete In itself and will bare a short prefatory 
note, giving as much bibliojcraphical and follt-lore in- 
formation a^ mny be neocMsary to confirm iti value. The 
f'dlowiog will furm the firitC »ertcs - T/i« Srvm Wiat 
MatUrs of Romt ; TAi AtHitht, Ti'Wf, and AdwiralU 
JIhtari/ of Pattf'tt Oruet J The Pltajant iJittorjf of 
TAomoM /itchilhri/t ; The. Uiitort/ nf Mothrr Ilunck oV 
0'« Wfrt ; The Famous vnd Rnn<trk,ih{t I/islvry nf S%r 
Jticftant U'hiiiinfftaa. Jntendint; »ubflcriL>ers ehoulii send 
their names to Mr. O. L. Gommo, 2, Park Villa*, Lod»- 
diile Road. Rames. S.W. ; or to Mr. H. R. Wheatley, 6, 
Minfortl Gardens, West Kensington Park, W. 

JlEfsna. WiLSOX k MoCormick. Glasgow, will sbi 
publish a new edition uf Thougkti th tkt Clout* r aacfj 
C'rotcd, a series of aphort*ms on life, character, poUt 
and manueri, by the late Sir Arthur lielpfl. 

fioiitti to Cavvtipontstnti, 

Wt mutt call sptciat ntUnUon to the Mlomng 

On alt communications muit be written the uaavi 
address of the tender, noc necessarily for publicatioii|] 
as a guarantee of good faith. 

Wg cannot undertake to answer queriei primely. 

W. M. M. ("I^ord PoutrlsK Gordon Halyhurton " 
UnlvKS he raRiriculitted a differenced coac at the I*^ 
OfBce, he would bear him father's arms with mark' 
cadency. I^co tIte Peerages. 

J. M. C. {"Oil on the triubled waters"). — ! 
">'. tg,."*h3. iii. 6fl. iiGi;iv.J7ii ?L 377.,— Many thanks, 

Editorial Communioat>'>ni ohonld be addressed to ** ' 

P•^i' - ■' ' '^' ' -•••■<"*— AdrerthwrneoUi 

liber"— at ibe OIRee, 
:..lon, W.C. 

\^ ' >v(' drrlina t« return 

tnuni' 1 Mjo. wo do not iprint ; and 

to Ibu .— . ... ,.,.. I .._ ticspti««. 




:bkck bank, E*ubiiihfri 

IcaiMiBtfl 9fm*d »"^-r.i.ii< i.> tti- ■ '■- .' I'-'- 1:.^ ■■ 
Id tiii«r«(ail»«*i 

Tk« M»% and* : 

wnrttiM «t>.! V • . 

L«tun ' : 



rr. Uftc&««r. 

tti.ituMV.i iiucsi:, ruULTUV. London, l.c, 

•*iiw( AM«iiti<iiit MAjmun* 

Ih AarartDM tu4 AnsalSr raati ..., %jfvjw 
OOilKl IuOt>ni« 

lUf* of l'r*iii)um. Llh«t«t Kiul* at AnualUn. !.«&■)• 
i^i ^>cullly of rrvtimld. CuprfaoM. uid L'CftMboU fr»* 
■yBfrttj «j)4 tUrcnioBB, ftltu to Ct>nt«nM nud other 
■Blpoa M««tinl« of K»t<«. 4«. 
f^ r. Al*h*W cUKTIg. Afltnarr kDd ^ec«Urr. 


lbioof>onUd br Ro7iJCh»itcr. A D. ITw.t 
rtic«:-N«.7, ttuYAL KXcHaSOE. LoNIKISI. E.0. 
W,,, » . . .... „ 

1. rs. PAaLIAiir L0K1>0N. B.W. 

or WILLI AM IM .. „ _ 

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l->&«id t' Mlwr, ti-j. 
' fol. I> SoyuiKiir, 
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Vmt-Eua L'tttmimz, 
OVr, Evi IMfwr» QrlndUr * CaI 
l.ts!* I A Ills, f-ti . -,3, Kic,< str<«t,RL Jtmil'B.S.'W. 
: )n Uudru, CC. 

nftirni Dtr* of tTftM 
i'l f iplrcuDJinowrB' 
Mr- ' ' latth KuJ tltU 

ttrt r-ctrr*. wUUvut 

Mi'. r<r innotbi. 

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rWAl.titb'd 181(1 SvMlkllr 

•I ]u-iu« itirt. l-nrjic I'l-nu*^*. ItnatdblM •atUcttttil Of 


Inppotitc t)i< Itrlti>li Ml 

■Ud la fbTvaJ^ ft Pamphlet, rrw bj pust, nptui*l«rr 
of ht««y»Mai. 


Sold by nil bealera tbroitifhoat this World. 

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'kin DOtlllbK alilitli «*D 
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NOTES AND QUERIES. l6'"« s. vii ja». a. -ss. 



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vrhmn fottod, m*k« % n»ta 9r."~CAPTAlV CotTtK. 

No. 159. 

Saturday, January 13, 1883. 

Ktg%tttr*l ma • flTniM p i^tl 

AT1AT?PIC1TP'TJ..VT.T.AU' TT. \r. C»r,Ub,. n(f^r» 

ft.'' 'I r«iull* lllauirii*. 

ot». ■ \ MrtMAJtTWUAUY. 

aa. K 1..- , K»»i], f.'hciK». ;<, w. 

qrPERTOR bMchoroe Mahogany SKCRfeTATRE 

"ilh QI»*i l>Mr« «n<t [■««•« nn«l«T, tntvrtor of 
V LuK & 8uN. Niiitb&mplun. 


R. L. HERRMAN'S FineArt GftllofT, 60. 

fi-™* nti»«Hl Mtr*e(. f>riHMit« Hnti»h Wn»ffar«. fomHrlr 

i:_. ,._ .. t. I ^.-^t A lUIUrr of Plo« Worktot An, 

III. (irmitti. Dqlvti, aur] Fmcb 

■• > mftiif lnt«rt4Ma< rt«mp)«t by 

'" ' rii dHirttu th«lr rotl'ftitiu »r 

i'vr.r I iM'linrd. or Pnoi'^'l. will (iud thii 

mil work cat«rmfil fjr iti jur&hllitT soil artutio 

r^itrmiioo aiKl rinnlfw ii lr»«t*Hl with ihn ti-tt 

iiiftiM* iklH : oil pilntliuia knA <lr««ti)4i frAm*'! 

til? ni^( bfftulirul rn*ielt of [ulUn. Frtoeti. aad KotlUh 

«ork. C«t*loKiie«ftmoffB4*o4 CiillMtioni vftlOAi]. 

WOnWrCET, 5. TimWr nill.— Mr. B. gAMUET. 

-i" fr*.i>if-otlj liwitQoJ HwolBiwuor CbloMolik, Wcdcvood, l»ld 
rUlf. Oilmt*! ftudoUHrCtitDK. PictarMof the Norwich Sebool. &<l 


ONE-FOURTn of those Hnfferinu from blindnees 
or Oimntw of 1(1111 MD InoethtlrtAliiniilr tolht u•^^f oiiDtnin 
k£a^I'* or !?»'•»* 'inp^rffrllr ■.Up'»-1 t/» tti- i^jtit Mr URN RY 
iCt' '■^■■'- '•■- ' ■ ' ^ ■' ■ V ..--.. hi. 



I .ndnn 

1 Wirt) alh«rt, U rMitr vurvrUlM." Iir. 

'oMkiorW.lCH.. wribM:— "loaoljaot 

- mr icbt O'liild bftT« bnn m much li»- 

i tUe ■in«II«at priiif, 

' nlmllkr t>tt>no- 

I I'vIfiUu to II. KM. 

.'LilViu: litaot -Ofti. Al.l^... BL MBiy'i .thWr, 

Mr h»iir«iirci Pcfnoblrt, " tptf^ 

'': trv*. Ctutloti-Mr ItaunbnM'i 

'i«tu«4 dlrwt fnia bin kt hi* it«l- 

ln«( 'J* 
ll<«n, Drcii: '- 
»Dtl hue 'I 
thrir Um hi. 

S. Codklctnh iturdvo*. hiuton >bjuftrc. 



SoLB nT M.h Stationirb. 

tB MBrtjii^^ ftVDNEV. \n;\ "unsT award.- 


V '^^rr-rfS STKfciLI. hIitAMl. LUMMi.V. 

O N D O N 

I n. flT-JA'': 


T. T Tl R A R T, 

"VK. M.P. 
'I ,,! PDBUN, 
. W-ON. K*. 

•P lvhmKvok, 

il Y 
^ul'jiuri L'f AoeicQt tM Modern 

'ill with Rntnnof^w uf flt ; l.lfk 

,. >r . .!.,»,.( t,. iVnnlrr. •i>4 Tii 

'r 'uttKlf-pMlAtt. 

: «^utcot {la 3-4)i, 

... "ti. 

fpO BOOK r I V 11 i ^ andPrBUC LTRRARTANe^ 

or Wnrhs OB : 

l>, KJdr Williun i>ir««r,'Hlt»a4. LoDduo. W.Cl 


■ ■ ;. ->f 

■ . I-*], 
ii^ lU'-^i 

and wftmnted 
niii«equenoe i>r 

•• bad on rtMli 



■ m'Jtt 'ijlereitlDCiQdwell-iriecrnliMl.l.KcrioN of ^Rr'OrtK- 
Work*. P'WtiT, Pfrt'OD. 'AkMc.txMik*- 


HAM> nocKa nf VofiBiw. TniT#i», Mrmoin. ihitortw. illtutnud 
W ork», P'Wtry, PfrttoD. 'nkM».txM>k>-laBt "4r!» of FopMifcf BfMfWt— 
F«rl' MlMooiof ThMkvnv. DtakcM. Rwklit-«tid ntcnl Thtt'i»»tMl 
Mu>d«rd Worin at U tMrllAOfoiN LlUntorc oow t.*iD( affTeiJ, &t 
the lownl poMibtt prkMfsr JAHES KonHU. EbiokMll»r. 
1. Honthunpioo-ruv. LuudacL-Libmies or CoUmuou of Bouka 
Boufbt Id uiy qiuuitltj. 


Rm1lndAn«tiOMO <t,>* 

hUt AHurauce aod ADnoltj Faodt lj»C.T«!) 

AunaftI ID90TTW (9l.iM 

M«dn«t» l(«.tM of Premiqai, I.lNer\) ftfltl* of AbbiiIDm, Inwni 
Oruttcd ur«o >e«:iirilf- of Pr^vlxild. VaojintUl, ud I.uteholJ I'r*'- 
MrtT, l.lfr luUreaU and RffTtrv^oui, aliu 10 Corponi* snd oibsT 
PuMIe Bodlca uptw ^^Morltr vT Ratei. to. 

r. ALLAN CCRTIil, Adouy aod AwrtiuT. 

F. & C. OSLER. 

Olaa Dlnacr Rervfow. 
niui l>«PM*n t^rrton. 
filsM Tkhtf I>MH)rmUDai. 
QlaHTal-U I^mpc 
UI*mW«U U«hu. 
uiaa aad UauJ rbuddftn. 

I'tilna I>«^4*«rt ^rrviMA 
Chioa triuDtr r^crtieH. 
China BrMkfwt f^rtlOM^ 
Cblu Vmm. 

BlmiDCfaam : UcDufkotory, Druad xrrcet. 
I^uduu: Bbow-Hooau, icHS Urford RliwU W. 


UB. U II. .I'iNEI. r. tiTlF.lT nrf*sti.u aTKEBT 
(Uppt«JL< Uio Brlil.h Uumuw , 

ITiU tM flad td forward a Pamphiat. frM Ij po|L aplukkbUS 



Conducted by CBAULES DICKENS. 

ALL THE TEAR HOUND to told at all Hallway BookitalU 
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Tttnai for Subterjptton and Poitage: — 

Weekly Number 1««. jod. for t)it ytar. 

Monthly ParU I2».7d. „ 

Pott-OfTic« Orden afaould bo mado payabla to Mr. IUvrT 

BIBKBECK BAKK, Ealabliebed 1851. 
tlaaUmitiptoa BgiU'iie*. f-'buievrr l^a*. 
t'tirreot Accounl* oiwned nncTdiii.; t« th« uiual pr»tlo«of "thff 
lUtikan. .imt lutcmt «l|o«e-l wlicu ool -irkwukelow £^. The Bmh 
k1|o itc«It'» Mniitir on TlrfMil :i' I'lran per Crut. lulotrft, rBpiVBlne 
«u •Irinaud. Th« (lank uo'lrrtak"* ili* ctutoir '>r Ikcdi, VVrlt)u««. 
ftl>d olhfr f>««anittr« kud VtluAblM; tlit «ollt«n»u or Dill* of E<- 
ebaoirv. I>lvl<)oi]d«, and Coup')us , \ui tbo pum'iaiifautl »\lt <j( Mt>ok» 
aDtlBbam. L«tteri of Ccralt &u<l I'lrcular Ht-tca iuu">l. 

FHASri-* HAVKSmCUOfT. MBna«»r. 

The UHiioal. licit, ktid muat Libtral. 
Ck*h i'rie«i 
ICu rsLra cibftue fur Inae flrfii. 
Xlliatrattd Prioed C«taJc>fu«, wlib full pftrucolan of Tirnii, pott fraa 
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Sl.MorwaUattMirw. £4UblUb.d UM. 


STE EL. Fg r^B. 
Sold l)j all Pcali-r* ttat-ouKhoiit the World. 


OrNATCnU. AIK l-QRIPliaE. » rncraot pov- 
dir, iiroduslaR, tj *iin|tle, tluw t<ftpo'atlou, Uii 
balinr, nfraaUiDg. BQii htaltbT emanklianf of th« 
pUw aad ctteUrptm foretU. Tha tao«t tStcUrt 
aadafnralile dUofrotaut. 

I>rUi Ift ; hf pMt fdf IS lUmpt. 

M.Btrud , m. Re«Al ^tfMt , and Sa, Coruhill, 


'n>« PutiMo tra loTlud la »mA, frum sdt part of thi wortd. Ia 

B<>t;i>{ftuN 4 (.'I>E.VVL:r. IkltMt. fur HtaplM aud full tmnt* ft 

ptir* h*'* I -*i frrfii n( llicir»n I'ut* Pi«Jt 

uAIVlDnlu l-Alx*' X « » LadlMl* 4 1>p«rdaa. 

DirM.1 from lb« OnPl^CT "'^'* ''*■*' *'*"*'»■'« ut Mcwn. 

ByappalDtmtnttotbaQuccii auil 
Onivn ftlDtoa of Ucrmaoy. 


I>;«cuf« of the *- 
a«iu>c whfet It mar. li*^ 

fvtn-iltrl liftV- tiMU Ph., 

• (Tr""'l...iii !t''y ^rc ^i;- 



lu royal Bro. pp^ tf :, prlot Ml. half bouod, 

HI£\Ii[«'. Vol I. Edllrd by C 
I'ublubrd hr tlie Autb«ritr of iii ' i 
TTauurr. uodcr tl;c Dirtotton nf Ibe Mii»l<r .f td- M ■■!.•. 

*,• Tlir RealilM of Arrlil.lahop IVkliini. prCT«rT»d at L«aib4 
thflcarllMt of llioCiii'. rl.'jrr ti,.-'i.tTio-" 'u i'.ii«Uo(i. *i'b« L« 
I'KffUli. ftfl .of wli' ■ . .1 lire Of rTtalTfcliisrji ib«l 

trktluu of Eualiib to tj- 

T«Ddf.n: l.**:- -, »n4 THTRNKa 4 CU. 

Oxfrtrri: l'»rk*p»i->i ^ -...=.>....>; a»oiaiH*u * C '._Bdiabai 
A. A C- Black aud XtvuxUi Jt I'uuli*. llublin : A. ThoD S i 

Kaw r«adj, Part IV. (1.1. Id lmp«rid folia, prio« * t*. 

ftf IHt ) I mu.l E<iit«'i uDiIrr tha D't*cU<m 

BIgttt H<iD. -- ^ '<. Dftrt.. UmI*! of tlt« EalU In li 

li* JitHN 1' y ^ -v.. M K I.* , i"t» '■•orttinr 

t'ubMc " .^,i_iMi; ajid poblubaii by ooannaua of ' 

Mijr. ;.». 

Thi. !t<l tufanaaoomprebrailre P»l«Ni«raphia »<rt< 

for IiL ' I i''itii ■.•'A rfnr 'Htincil u DcarW M pOMlblt_~ 

aeowrdbUit u n^.r^Ihurlnit. »uil a« 

appraiKUer ■ i. iM' r^. * i.. »« 

ootiUiTit uu M >'.ri\tc4 wi'b dt<^ripf 

»n<J m*ay»fi.£.'.".--^ ■ > ■ - ; ^ .liiU!*d Tart IIL 

l''wlmllea.«'Kit«toiiii upwsr-l* uf i .' ^p♦llim«l^ pre* *i* 
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9m. olotli. priM to AubMribcn, Si. Mi post frei^ U M. 

U»BtoiTand (.'ooUnti. My H. K i:iU:-*TK« WATEM, 
A Now Editii^o, Kcirrtttcu aad i:.Qlar«cJ. Pp k kod l-m 

PrlDt«d for Uia Aotbar, 07, Tbt Uroti. Uamm^tamltb, W. 

No. m, will b« poUUbed oo W£D.V£8DAT. Januarr 17 
J. PBuUtlE^S and J'oVIJBTV. 
0. COltEA. 

9. Tb« TKCE PuSITIuN of I'AnTlEtS. 
JUIIN »CrRRAT. AlbunarltMfaai. 


E?f ry 8ATDBDAV, of «nr Bor.kacller «r Ntwi-«jr«Dl, 

price Til KECIKNCil, 

HE ATH£N.£0 


The •- 

Tin 1. -A . 

' *"<-.nT STTDIE*. 

MuiNo-H rtm: podktains, 

.V :„ ., ...KCHAN'. 

C >'n-Jc:u UuHImjN S MMNonRApri oa UACACLAT. 


LII' -L!8r of saw BOtjK-rt. 

.n ii'it \ 


.i'.! ► N' 

lit tb« v.i7«o or iba ChaBtiuHi 
A*ftilaiMy ) «L Ctiu Ckunfai Vack) i 

' ; 0«Ml^ 

iM4M. w.c. — 

"8.vh.jak.i8,-88.] notes and QUERIES. 



rOTES :— The Xew DEottonuy of Nfttloual Btofrrftphr— 
ilUbop IturQet'fl rirll Wmr I'allectlona, Zt — A Nnwlf Dlv 
e^Tor«(l Aiilivrnph of Vlltoa— Tbe Coombb Mela or fair Kt 
AlUbAbMl. 1!;] — VurkiblK ChrUlmu Cdiiomi — Carioui 
ChrifltUn Namefl-Tbu -fvira In EDgland-Bwlt— A ii\v*f 
'WatUUng, 24-We)ih Fulk-larfl— By-AfiBlntl— Tb> Naoic 
GuotMtut— Horror Mummen-Hri^jfB'g " UUtoty of Mel- 
bouro*," 2£. 

ilUEaieS:— Tbs Johnson Llou in GoldsnUtba Poems. Si— 
DoBcuter Crou— Codlo^n Ffemlly, 80— John Fftvonr— 
CAreW* "Survey of CornwkU "— Buton nndn Navdwiud 
aoil Hcfirr V[I.— " We be Seven "— Deronihiro Dlaleci, S7 — 
Tbi UfflBi (.ttllerr-Battle of W««r!oo-Slr J. Browne— 
Kannocit; fcardiKMlle— NAme of MRRaclne Wanted— Ofden 
of Mnilcf 1UII-W. Munlin-Uiwlef BLihop-BeniiettA. 
LjuIj Wentwiirth : Jobti, Lord LoTeUcfr— Ducking a Scold — 
Aatbor* >V Anted, ii. 

KEPLIK^ :-The Belnhip of the PercW t Rarti of Nortlmm- 
berlatirl. 2:*- Peg Wollin«ton : KUty (JUve, yo— Oliver Crooi 
well — lUriitUplu rlmrtli-Mis* K«Uf , the ActretJ, 31— Peua 
* C»llMjlic-l!iiHrr» HUtory of St. Jtut— WUlow Piltern 
Bbyme— "Vive ut VItu "— BUrnlin^ at Prayen. 31— Cha- 
rop«— Liidf A. LUlc—i'bamber«cl Cbnrch PorchM, S3— Rai- 
«Ua for [loDoar — "Tbe Lawlew or Wbia]>eriDg Court" — 
Tbe Ritinction of PIctUh— Llguria, 34— Uuro — Newfangled 
Expressions— A DUtafT— "QtucaUoaa Manllil." Ac- Aaj- 
vbcn. ST) —Legend of ihe lh\» -OKresi — Hookw'i " Amuda " 
— CumeilDn— Dou^la* K«iuU]r— Eubeni andTtUt-pagM— Wu 
a Ktn« ever Orowncd t .t'l — Porbea— Vi)rnett« &rai— S. J. 
Pratt— Uafr turning Buddealjr White— fit. Joha'i Cburch. 
Watlin^ -Street. S7— A "Leiger" Ambassador — Voidag— 
** From pillar to post "— Aatbora Wanted. 38. 

rOTE.s nx liuOKft :— Cralk's "Utt of Jonathan Swift"- 
MaAkell's '* Ancient Liturgy of the Chnrcb of HngUod ac- 
oorrflDc to the Us«i of Sarum, York," Ac— Smith's "Old 
Yorlublre," Ac. 

fotlcea to Corrupondants. 

May I appeal to such of your readers as are 
liner to uive me help ia tbe new " DictioaiLT)' of 
Tatioual Ijiograpbj " which I hare uuderLakeo to 

I hare now in type a list of tbe names intended 
insertion umicr ihe letter A. I shall have p;reat 
kleaatire in forwarding this list to anyone who will 
it in order to mark errors and umissiou?^ or 
rith n view to cont^ibuti^^^ I have ulrendy pro- 
)i from many couipetent historical autburilii's. 
km, however, rery anxious to get tbe help of ua 
My stadents of special departments of biograpfay 
possible, in order that juttice may be dooe to 
les in all classes, and especially to the leu oon- 
[caons names. 

M&ny of your readers possess the kind of know- 
tge which would he most useful to me, and I 
ki] be ^fteatly obliged to any who will com- 
tnnicate with me. Lesue Stephek. 

Mcasr*. Soiith, Elder ii Cn.^ 
16, Waterloo Placo, S.W. 


A few years ago I purchased from a friend a 
MS. volume, a notice of which will probubly in- 
terest some of your readers. It is a »mall quarto 
volume, in the orif;inaI parchment corers, contuin- 
in^ one hundred and eighty-three leaves, closely 
yet very plainly written on one side only.. The 
handwriting ib that of tbe end of tbe aeventecuth 
century or het^tnning of the ei^'bteenlb, and the 
contents consist of lett«ra, reports, and other 
documents copied from the State Papers and 
telating to the Civil War. These documents 
extend from Oct. 3, 1C45, to Jan. 5, 1645;6, a 
period of three months. On the inside of the 
cover is the well-known book-plate of ** Gilbert 
Burnet, Lord lii»(hop of Salisbury, Chanoellor of 
the mo5l Noble Order of tbe Garter," and above 
the book-plate ia written in ink "V. 20,*' which I 
take to mean vol. xx. If each volume contained 
transcripts of the State Papers for three months 
only, the series would commence about. 1G40, und 
no doubt it would be continued to 1C48, or per- 
haps later. If these surmises are correct, tbe 
whole series of MSS. must have extended to quite 
thirty-two volumes, if not more, and from tbi> set 
this odd volume, vol. xx., has become detached. 
It would be very interesting to know if any other 
volumes of the series are known to be preserved 
anywhere, and it is partly with that objvcc that I 
send you this note. Judging from this oue volume, 
the whole aeries, if it could be found, would be of 
singular value and interest, and to the future 
historian of the Civil War it would be almost 
priceless. This volume alone contains about one 
hundred and fifty documents, transcripts of Stato 
Papers, &c., of the most varied interest, as 
will appear from the following list of the first 
twenty ; — 
The Comittee at York (o the Speaker (vol. ir. No. 103) 

[Printed ParliamerUary Bistory, ToLxJv. p. 73], Oct. 3, 

lt;i5, pp. 1-3. 
Tbe Comittee at Qlouceiter to the Speaker (vol. ir. 

No. 101). Oct. 3. 1615. pp. 4, 5. 
A Copy of y Yorlieliire Com'ittee's letter to G»»n" Leveo 

rPriiited 7'.iH. nut., vol. xiv. pp. 8t^-S8], Oct. 4, 

1645. pp. 5-7. 
The Comiltee of War at York to the Speaker (vol. iv. 

No. 108) [Printed ParL Jlttt., vol. xiv. p. 77], 

Oct. 4, 1615, p. S. 
S' John Cell to the Speaker (vol. iv. No. 103), Darby, 

Oct. i, l*Hii, p. t). 
3^ John Ooll to the Speaker, Darby, Oct. 4, 3C43, 

pp. 0. 10. 
A Copy of Con-' Leren's letter to y^ Yorkshire Com itt^-o 

[Printed I'art. I/iti., vol. xiv. p. 8yj, Berwick, Oct (1, 

From the LorJ Culpe|>er (vol. Iv. No. 107), Ljimerston, 

Oct. 0. 1645. pp. 11-13. 
Coll. Cruniwcll to th.- Kpeaker (fol, if. No. 108), WJntnn, 

Oct.ti, lt>45, pp. 14, 16. 
S' John Oell to the Speaker (vol. ir. No. I09,\ Darby, 

Oct. 7. 16^6. p. 1«. 
The Com'ittee at liiry [St. EJmand'A^^^ V\\ft ?iV*^V« 

(vol. if. No. IIU). Oct. 6,\0ib,v*'^T- 





Tlio English C im'UBio'* to the Sp«»ker (vol. if. Jfo. 112), 

Berwick. Oct. 8, 1616, p. 18. 
Tha Comitte« of Nottint;ham to j* Speaker (toI. ir. 

So. 113). Oct. 8. 1645, pp. 18. 19. 
TbeComittee of both KitiKJoniB from Berwick to ibe 

Comittee of both KingJoms kt U&rbj Uouse (vul, Iv. 

No. IH), Oct. 9, 1615. pp. Ifl. 20. 
Tbe Information of M' ilawden of Tuzford [Printrit 

Pari- J/itt., ToL rW. p. 761, NotimgUata, Oct. 6, 16*5, 

pp. 20, 21. 
A Mcq'agc from Oxford I Printed Pari, Xfi'rf., vol. xlr, 

p. 76], Oct 1», 1645. p. 'h. 
Onler of the Com'utee of botb Kingdonn nt Darby 

House [Prinlod Pari. HUt, ?oI. xit. p. 74], Oct. H, 

1615. p. 2-J. 
The Lord Difcbye tn j* Earli of Levfln end Calender 

[Printed. PaiL Hut., toI. xiv. p. 74], Newaik, Oct. 4^ 

1G45, p. 2-J. 
The Earl of Leven to tbe Chief Com'ander of the forces 

now with hl9 Majesty [Printed Part, lliit.t tol. iit, 

p. 75]. Berwick, Oct. 9, 1645, p. 23. 
Coll. Morgan to th<» Hpeeker (toL ir. No. 115), Chep- 

•tow, Oct. 10, 1645. pp. 23-25. 

To meiny of the above is added wh:it I take i/i 
be the reference to the volume of State Papera 
from which they were transcribed, such na vol. iv, 
No, liU, vol. \Y. No. 163, voL iv. No. 106, nnd bo 
on. In tt later hand is added to many of the 
documents, " Printed Pari. Uui.f vol. xiv. p. 78," 
&c. In the above list un uousual proporUoD of 
the documents have been bo printed, but on the 
whole not about u quarter or a third have ao 
appeared. This reference relates to the well- 
known Parliamentai'y or Constitutional ITutory 
of England from tlu Earliest Times to the Restora- 
tion of Kiixg Charles II., of which the aecnnd 
edition, in twenty-four volumea, appeared in 17G'2. 
I have compared many of the printed papers with 
the transcripts in this volutue.and aaarulc they are 
the same, a word or two or a name sometimes 
varying a little. 

With regard to the history of this odd volarae, 
I can only supply the following particulare, I 
parchiised it in L87{> from a friend, and it came to 
bim from u dealer in curiosities in Liverpool, who 
had written in it in pencil, "This MS. formerly 
belonged to the Kev. Archdeacon Strong, after- 
wards it came into the possession of Archdeacon 
Kin^, and was sold by his widow to a Dublin 
bookseller/' I Ascertained from him that (be 
Dime of the Dublin bookseller was Mr. Palrick 
Tniyner, Essex Quay, Dublin ; but althou|;h 1 
wrote twice to Mr. Trayner on the Hubject, in 
neither case did I get any reply. The letters 
were not returned to me, nnd so must, I presume, 
have reaL'hcd their destination. The Archdeacon 
Strong above referred to was probably the Wn. 
Charles Strong, Archdeacon of Glendalougb, who 
was living in 1851. If any of your readers can 
eucceed in discovering where the remaining 
volunjcs of this most interesting colttictton of 
Civil War documents are now preserved, 1 would 
either be willing to purchase them at a reatonnhle 
price, if they were for eale, or I would le& thia 

vol. XX., now in my possession, be n-^ded to them, 
so as to complete the set if it shmihl hnppen to 
be the only one misainf:, especially if the whole 
series could be secured, as it certainly ought to be^ 
for some public institution or library. 

The following letters, which occur one after the 
other, and have never, eo far :is I know, been 
printed before, wiU f^how the inierestiii;^ character 
of the documrnts contained in this volume. If it 
should be thought that a full Kst of its conCentif 
sbouM be printed, I shall be ghid to send it yo\i: — 

[Appointment of Governor of WincJie^ter CastU.'] 

The Comittee at Batintcstoke to tbe Speaker 
(vol. iv. No. I'wt}. 
Hon'" S',— AV'e Under»tanJ Ky a letter we have receive*! 
from S' William Waller, that ihfl lioiisehave hccn pleated 
to order the GoTcrnrnent c.f WIncliciter Castle to LicT- 
tcnant Coll. Lower a man thnt is but lately known to our 
(bounty, wlicrfby we see ihjit the hnme fc S' WiUiam 
Waller have Not betrt riichcly Informed in the Desirea 
ii Inientions of the (lemlemen of this County, who have 
from the first hopes of tbu Keducinf; of Winton, setled 
tlieir th"iiKbti uj^on Cnpt" noftenwortli, a Oentloman we 
&o Illiicl) Kateem, t)mt we Intend to present him to be- 
^lieriff, fL tu ihut End, in regard of the good Service 
He bath done us, Some of us were tbe means of that 
Command, tlie bouic laid upr>n him for his stay from his 
Intendoil voyaee into France : Wi> nre Jrtirous to ease 
oy.r poor Lnng Oppressed Cotnitry of what Cbarffewe May^ 
k to tbat Cnif wo designed the Shrevalty (which in these 
times must be a Cbarjte) the Com'<.rid of tbe boric, & the 
Cum'and of the Ca*ile to one Man, whom we liave agreed 
withall about it ; We deaire therefore Since tbe bouse 
have Miaandenttood our desires in this Matter, that they 
would bo pleaded to on'er the rpnveniro' of thnt Castla 
to Capt" Bettcflworth : Wo have Written to the Com'ittee 
of both KinKiinntii for a ('om'l«(iif.n for Iiim for oar hornet, 
k. we bBTL- liikcri order for tbe Makinii hini Sheriff. We 
denire you will ba jileased tg offer this our Sense to the 
hotifie from ua who ore S' 

18" Octob. 1645. 

Y*^ humble Servants 
Tbo. Jerroice Fmn. Rivett 

Rob. Wallnp Ricb. Moore 

Rich. MNijnr Rich. Whitehead 

Joh. Itulkley John Button. 

Nic. Lore Edw. liooper 

Alex. Wildon Rich. Norton 

John WnUertd^e .To. Kenipe 
S' W- Pitt Tbo. CrcBweir. 

LicTtenant Coll. bowre was put in to the Cnstle by Rome 
of us then present, only for the Present time, untill the- 
Oentlemen of tbe County might ail n:eot together. 

[Accoimi of the Servicts of Major Gifford,^^ 

Tbe Committee at Basinitstoke to the Speaker 
(Tol. iv. No. 13D). 
B',— We were very willinK upon the desire ef tbii* 
Oenth-man Mnjor Gifford (whowaa fnrineTly Meior Gen" 
of ymir fnrceB in the North, k ni»w Wnj.T to Coll. Jepb« 
e^T'iis UipKifnent uf h'*nc designed for Ireland) to Infonn 
the liuuse ut bin great care k readiness to serve the Par- 
liament, wbtcb he hath Expressed in tbe Seige of Baling _ 
for he sides hia conf^tatit willinennu to doliis Dutv. he 
dill at tliA time when they Stormed tba house alighl 
with a good Nnnilor of that Regiment & others. &;lef j 
tliein up himself oT«r the Worlcs, wb»re bo received a 
wound in his (jcid with a butt End of a Muoket, We 
have therefore tboiiiritt tit to recommend bim io the 
bouse that they would bo pleased for his future £n- 

fii* & VIL Ji». 13. '8» 



»ai«nt in titrlr Serviee In Ire)»n<l to Shew somo 
of llicr ((truur tuwards liiiii, irhich it bll kt 
iC from :i)' 

Yoiir r«illtfutl Iminble l:?errniiU 
BMtnificok* Tlio. Jerv«ice P. hidblpr 

«>"> OCX. 1045. Ko. Wallop W- Wither 

W" Jepbfrut) Rich. Mcorr. 

[Z>Mcri/>tifln o/fA« Taking of Tiverton CattU.] 
10 Coiii'ittee with S' Tlinntu FnWhx at Tirerlon to tbe 

tjpciker (Trtl. i». No. 1^1). 

S*", — Tn ftbodience tn your Cnininanii we cnmo tn tdo 

ny tit BfliiiMialer k. Iroin t1i«nce iiUvnnced wiilt tlieiu 

^ Cniu-d tite Next I>dy. uboie tliey reiiminvil hotii** dayfl 

m ExptrctAliMii of the Kccruiti k Mooey f«r ibe Army, 

[A: of MuiifV lur 3!«ij(ir Gen" M<tF»ey'« patty, we a'Ivkiic U 

lienre to JjunhjngWn, fiom whence licfurc nur Rilvntico 

'le Eneiriy retreaCeJ near Kx-m, till which tiiu'* lh«y 

ilundercil nil iho Country of Caltlo ; from Luttmnifton 

re lulTaurcii u Cotlamton on ThursiUy. uii which d-iy 

l»j' ticii" .UHMey * p*rty cniiie before Tiverton Ciuile 

duinmonrJ it, hut leceWeJ a refuikU of Ubeyin^r - 

If Jiol'le Gen" having ni'tice ff it cnme on Fryday with 

Pan of hi* Army hither, the Hr*j'iue he Pent to Brad- 

lldj^ : Yeitcnifty ubmn "2 of the Clotk ftrtenionn donio 

ttKcrici hviu}^ tiii\dr, U itll thin^B bcini; re&ly for Storm- 

Igy fur which thr Soldier* with much chcurfulncM pre- 

ircd themi«lTe« : The lien" for the Spjiring of blood, 

rftfeh ih* advice iif the Council of war, rcsolvcil tn S(-nJ 

'flioond Sauitnonfl, which wns Written k Si|£ned. 

~ drawn out, who were ready with their sc&ling 

[ders to f^torm. if a dciiia:i wore returned, but at that 

iStant it picA.««d (jod So to direct onr Hbot. that it cut 

le Clinin vf their (lrawbrid);fl which InstAHtly fell down, 

the Soldiers •piriH were Such that tbey pretontly, 

itfaout onler ^iven, entri^d their VV<irkA, the KncmiL-a 

iciirifl failed, A: we became Suddenly MMten of the 

Jburch & Cniile, &. tlieir Stroni; k Kotcular work* in 

rliivh they confided; Wu took ibd Govern' 8' OilberC 

Ihott, k i!()'l uflictrs k Soldiers (of which Ynu htTo 

Iftra Inclosed a Ii«t| 4 »i;reat Ounii«, 3U LnrreU r>f Powder 

''with other unnit which cannot b« pnrticulariz'd, tliey 

•.'wg di!i|'er<cd, we I'Mt not a Man in the SCorininjr. nor 

litany to ilie Sword, We Saw So Much Keiolutionin all 

Ibe Suldiera, that we ciinnot but make it our Hw^uest, 

that Mnn>'y mint be ipeeded to iheni, witliout whicti it 

it Uf ' ' ■ ■ h'jw they will he Supplied, the Country 

wh- i ncf, not iiavmy: in their QuartfirB where- 

•wiii, ' liiiin; hut if money be wanting to pHy in 

the iMiiiktit, which i* ajipoirded t» fidlow the Army with 

froTiftti'ns fmui our rcMr the Starkot will fail. Mnj' 

i<ien" Maf4ey'R men have n-'t Money t" Shone Their 

bonef , Gunni; ii retreated to Cliidlei-^ri, what he Intentlj 

«• know not: our Indu^^trmus k Vi^ilnnt <jcn" pityiht; 

'lite ciinottion t>f ttx- Cunntry, who cry for hit AsjMinncr, 

it Ii. tending Nothing Mote limn the Speeding of the 

Work, kV the Active Mt-j' Miwiey rendve* ihii day to 

Advance in one body toward* <iitrtns, who is Stronif, & 

wo cannot I'lVidc the Arn.y. t'til..M bicTleni Ocn"' Crim- 

well C'^me up witli liii Poitv, with nlach itn lioped tbey 

^lay divide, k the .More ^pi-edily fini*!) the workc in the 

"Went, without which the Whole Army Mu*t UMow 

■ Ogririg, or run a ifrcit hnxurd: the Frince, U^pton. k 

l^lfeehvill bcuitr en red Devon with 40<lO foot. Ik lAU) 

wr urr Informed, wc thMuy^ht it out Wuty to 

•-■tv to )<iu, A: leave it to juur further cutt- 

«*e retrain h' 

'^h •^h^is Yuur moct liumhie Serr^ntl 

flQm 'liicrton .1. Uaoipheid Kmn. Buller 

la:,, Sam. Hulle Auth. N'icoU. 

J. P. Eauwakkii, M.A., K.S.A, 

PdiMn, Abergele, N. Wales. 

A Krwr.r DiscovitRRn ACTor.nApn ok Miltom. 
— Whilst preparing ii n^w cutnloj^iie of tb* books 
oontained in the libniry r.f Ely Cathednil, I was 
niouniDg hmoD^r fioin« folio volumes, nod on the 
bl.'iDlc "end puper* nf one of thenit entitletl 
*' ffionis Chrt,aottom% Oi-aiionet LXXX. Lntetire, 
MDCiv. Ex nfBcina Typographic:i Claudii 
Murelli," I caught sight of the followiog inacrip- 
tioD : — 

Pre: ISr. 

J Milton. 

Being A collector of tmtOKnipbs, and curryin;; in 
nty memory several of those which EiroiiiDst prized 
but aeldotu obtiiioed by iinmlcurB, witljout hesita- 
tion 1 attributed the Imodwciting to the poet 
Miltou ; und on reference lo tbo Handbook of 
A uloQvipttA, edited by Me^^rit. Netherdift nnd 
Siuis (J. Kua«ell Smith, London, 1803), iny 
oasomnce vvaa iimde doubly sure. Not coatcut 
with tlii^, I aent a aireful tracing to Mr. Sims, of 
tho rtritisb Mu>tein>i,unil he Imaaddcd his weight of 
experienoe io the folloiving word-^: ** I do nob doubt 
that tlie handwriting, uf which you have sent me 
t% tracing, is that of Milton ; there is every indicA- 
tioa of it* lieing ho. The length of time it bos 
been in the libmry at Ely precludes the proba- 
bility of its being afnrgfnj.'* 

Tho volume of Chryaostmn, nmong many othew, 
was precientcd to the Oathcdr:tl hbniry by Bishop 
Patrick, between \Gi)l and 1707, and contains hia 
** ex libris." The piige on which the aut4>gr:ipb 
appears Is no newer than the book itself, and bears 
not only the preiia-uiark of the Cuthodnil library 
catalogue of ITlJti, but nUo an earlier one, pre- 
.suniahiy that of Bishop Patrick's own ahelf. The 
whole autograph correflponds very curiously with 
that figured in Afeasrs. jst-lherclifi & Sinu'» book 
under M. 0, where there appears : — 

Jo : Miit'«n 

pre: a*. W. 

I fhonld be very much obUged to any owners of 
autograph itffrwi/nr« of Milton if they would be 
at the trouble of sending me a tritctng of their 
treiuure. I would gUdIv make nn exchange. 

Feed. W. Joy, F.aA. 
Cathedral Library, Ely. 

T(iB CooMnn Mela or Fair at Allaiiabad. 
— We do not in |^enera1 look to railway reports 
for information on folk-lore or religious euper- 
stilious, but the Seventy-third Report of the East 
Indian Railway, just isaued, coniaiDH some curiouv 
factsaboot Hindu matters of this clawi. Afterwtat- 
ing an iucreoJie in u»ml>er of passengers at 837, £80, 
and in receipts therefrom of 95,504i. 1 U, '2iL, 
the Report proceeds : ' Of these increases it 
is estimated tbnt nhout ft36,i"KK) pa88en;^er.<i and 
8!t.<KHt/. arc due to the "Cooinbh" njelu, or fair, 
held at Atlahubud during January and February 



lhi« year. In connexion with an event from 
which the undertaking; hA« derived on l.irge n 
truffle, the following extract from n report of the 
otflcintinf; chief uuditor may prove of intere.<it: — 

"Tho ordinary M&^h Mela t:ikM fjlace everr ;cnr at 
AUtiliuba<l, nnil luti fur kbout h motitli, t e., fruin the 
nidiJIe of January to tbo middle of Ftbruary. JtUa 
tDcla attended principally by UinduB from difft^rent rarto 
of the country lor the purpose of balhin^ at Hany dhiit, 
ftt the conflucnco of the Junum and Gant;e« rirer«, which 
point is cun.>idorcd by th«ni to bu particularly sacred 
during t]io period named, anl Ihe more tto on certuiii 
dayf of thia period. Every twelfth year this mela is 
termed ' Coomb h/ signifying one of the ligns of the 
Zodiac, and is attended by fwr greater numbers than 
the ordinary annual m'-la. The Counibh Aleln took 
place this year, and its being the last uf its kind for 
celebration at Allahabad (bcc&ufe, ai is suppiiHfl, ttto 
sanctity of tbo riTC^ at the cootlueDce will bare de- 
parted before the next Coombh periud urrives), it wa.i 
nttcntled to an cxccptioi-:ilty tabI extent, ihc arrival of 
pilfirims at Allahnhnd anrl S^ini having comuenocd ns 
«rly as the latter part of December, IStil." 

Severiil terma in this nccount need cxpUnntion, 
«. y., Coomb, Maghf Altla ; t\nd seveml opinions 
or beliefs. Is every confluence of two rivers sup- 
posed to be sacred, or i* it only the continence oF 
the Jumna and UoDRea ? und. if bo, why ? Why 
particularly nt this period ? Whnt is the^upposed 
benefit to be derived from bnthinK at thin vput 1 
Why aUo dnrinf; the Coonibh f For what reavon 
is it supposed that the snnctity of the river will 
bare depnrted before the next Coombh ? 

W. E. Buckley. 

ToRKsninE CnniSTUAs Customs.— Now that 
tbo circle of Knglinh habit and belief is being 
1m)keD at every point, it may be well to note 
even so imall h matter !i$ thi«, that in iho Dei;;h- 
boarhood of Harrogate the following customs 
were observed at Chrifttma?, 1B82. Three pitrlies 
of ** Vessel-cup Girls," ench with their bambino, 
CAme to the hou^e wliere I was staving. Aa to 
" Vewcl-cup GirU," pco Bmnd, and ace ** N. & Q." 
fourth and tifth series. At least a dozen partiei? 
of "waits," mole nnd feniate, sang hymns outside 
the house on sevend nights. In the house itself 
we bad a yale-Iog, duly placed on the fire by the 
head of the family ; we had yule-cakes ; we had 
yule-candles, a gigantic pair, one red, one blue, 
presented by our ututched grocer — for yule-candles 
must be yu'«n, and not bought ; we had holly, of 
course ; and we had frumUtf. But the attached 
grocer, I believe, renmrlted sadly that frunicly is 
going out, nnd that few now ti*k for cree'U wheat 
to make it with. And, nhis ! the women of the 
bouaehold failed to Und a *' lucky-bird." 

A. J. M. 

CuKiors CiiRiSTUK Navrs. — In making some 
reseflrchfs among the bindings of the Merchant 
Taylor*' Cr-mpfiny for the purpose of illustratiniz 
the regii^tcrs of the *<'lio<.>I, I came acmn* the 
'dJowingl remarkable Christian Domes: *'i?<-r<»- 

httio Sixmith (ntV), filing Bryanti SixsniUh (j 
nnperde Warrinjiiou in com. Luncastrins niercei _ 
SiC. (apprenticed Deo. 5, I6S2). ** Btntuh-ubatkai 
Wood, filius Antnnii Wood, nnper de Sawtry 
Ferry in com. Derb', clerici, def.," &c. (iipprenli 
August 2, 1683). A good many munes of o 
occur in the same vohinie of binding's, t,Q, Fer^ 
rand of Little Gidding, Wake of Fiddiugton (ion 
of Sir Willianj), Gawdy of West Harling, TurvtU 
of Claybrook, Tankard (T;incred) of Bnnnpton, 
Lytcott, Dillinghiiiu (son of the Mu«ter of Oliu» 
Hall), t'tc. t'HARi.F-s J. UontxsoK. 

Weit Hackney Rectory, Stoke Newington, H. 

rtry , 


inn 18 

e by 

TnB JvTfB IN E50LAICD. — Tn Ch* Jthtnaum 
for Nov. 4, 1882, Dr. NenWuer liaK uiten i\ linns- 
titeratlon nnd translation of a H(.*brew deed re- 
lating to a house in Colchester. The translation is 
by himself, but the trun&litenitinn wuh made by 
William Bedwell, and is written on llie fly-leaf 
Sebitstiun Mi'ioster'a V^ctio^^(^^in1H^ Vintldai 
Basilijc, 1527, which is preserved, with Bedwell' 
MS. noter, in the Bodleian Library (Lauil. 172), 
This is doubtlc.H!] ihc deed which ic referred to by 
BedwcU in the Amhian T^itdpfnin, of which aa 
extract waa given by n)c in ''N. & Q." n. few 
months ago (G*" S. vi. 106). Dr. Xeubauer 
remarks that the original is probably lost, if it u 
not amongst the deeds culled ihttars in the Re- 
cord Office, and he adds that it contains the first 
mention of Jews having resided in Colchester. 
Thia statement is, however, shown to be inconect 
by Mr. S. L. Lee in the following nnuiber of 
AUtenccttm (Nov. 11, 1S&2). It is proved fi 
vitriouu documents that the Jewish commun 
wus of considerable standing in thitt (own in tbo 
thirteenth century. W. F. rfcXPEAUJC. 

Jnipur. Rajputana. 

Bell. — A piece of modem etymology dcserreft 
a place in *' N. & Q." In the now edition of tb^ 
Eticyclojtadia Bniunnict the article "Bell" 
begins, *' Bell, from yn/ftn, n ba*in or foolpan/ 
This remarkaiile stniement was not in the 
edition, and, therefore, is new information ooni 
butcd by Ihe gentleman who hua furbished up 
old article. It is (lie old utory — any chance b| 
does for an etymology t»f an Kngti^h word, 
one would like to tee the author nf Ibis uucse 
to work lo prove his case I O. W. Tanojci 

A GirsT WEDDiyc— The followinir w< 
worih adding In the various pieces of gip^y 
tury and romance which have appeared irom ti 
to time in the pages of *' N. & Q.": — 

" An ln*ere«tiiiir ceret"ot»Y wn* p^rf^rme'l !»*♦ 

lect , 
nliy I 

wloie ihf I : 

Tito brl'Jc ^ 
dark green ^ijki'. 

i(.ii 1M111C I irc, Kjiti'ii, tii.n 

•»8. VIL4«.13,'£3.J 



Bh« alto wore a wreatli or frolJ leavei. Tli« bri«Ie<maid 
Wftl alio con ipicu Otis tlirouitlmui iha ceremony ; «lia was 
ftretMd in a pcncock blue v ' * Iic&b, with whito 

cap adorHCil with pmk cl ^». The Dcrvice 

Wat perfunnej hy lli« Rrv .i»e, vicar. After- 

ward*, by llie iotitation of Mr. ai>d Mn. Gumetc, of 
HauKliton Hall, who accompanied the pimioi to the 
ferricc, the bride and Iridfigroom, t»);ethvr with a 
namher of gip«y frirodt and cniDpHttinna, returned to 
Haaghton HbII, where brcakfojt wui terrcd in it Kipvy 
tent on the Lwn, Tooite were proposed in the Romany 
dialect, and the health of the girer of the feaet wan 
ciitbusiA«ticallT drunk." — Faimtw VkurchmaH, Uec. 27, 

Edward H. Marshall, M.A. 

Wklbet Folk-lore: the Sin-Eatkr.— The 
followin^r curiouB scrap of folk-lore occur* ia the 
Ber. Pttxtoa Hnods book oa CHtuUiuu Evans, 
Uu Puachir of Wild Wi3d<$ (LondoD, Hodder & 
StotJghloD, 1881):— 

"The eupcritition of the 8in Ester is said to linger 
cren now in the Becluded vale of Cirni-Aiunn, in Caer- 
luarilieiiibire. The jufaninif of tbifl most aingular in- 
atitution of nipervtition wa«, that whrn n person died, 
iho frietidi sent for the Hi n Eater of the dlitrict, who, 
oa hiiarriral, placfd a plate uf nJt and I^read on the 
breast of the deceased penion ; be then uttered an in- 
oablation orer the bread, after which he proceeded to 
«ftt it— thereby eating the tina of the drad porA<-m ; thu 
dene, ho received a fc-e of twoand-«ixpeiic>? — wliirli, we 
■Dppote, waa much more than many a preacher rccoired 
for a long and painful Hrvice. UarinK received thii, 
h« Tani^hed &s iwiftly uj poMible, all tlie friends and 
nlatiFca of tlie departed aidini; hit exit with ldow» and 
kiclcs, :ind other inuxntiuiit of their faith in the service 
'^- ndered. A hundred years since, nnd titrough 
ij'-yond that time, we suppose this ctthous lupcr- 
«.i..wi. wiui eTerjwhere jirevalent.'' 

Ct •* Old Yorkahire CiistomP." "X. & Q.," 6^ S. 
tL 146, 273. FasijBRicE K. Salter. 


Illpstratiok or 1 Cor. iv. -L — The use of hy 
='*a(^unat" in the' Antborized VerBion is 
curiously illiiBtraled by a testiinoni;il, nono 1C44, 
KlTCD from QiiceoR* CoUei^p, Cambrid^o, as quoted 
ifl the St. John's Admia&ion Registers, p. 68, 1. 20: 
"Hee hath tihertie to phice himsclfo in whnt 
collcgo tiee ahull please, fur I koow nothing by 
him LbAt ibould bioder it." 

P. J. F, Oaxtillosp. 

Thr Kawb Oambetta.— The T%^a<* of Jun. 2, 
1883, aaja this **oame eitrnificg, in the diniect of 
Genoa, ii liquid meanure of two onnrts' raipncitT," 
4ad that it was prubahly a nicKuumc conferred 
upon suiiie oocoator uf the late M. GuuibeLt.:k 

Frederick li. Sawyer, 


Bcrrkt Mummers.— This eyening, Jan. 1, 
1803, a party of mninraera performed outside n)y 
bcMue in a remote part of Surrey,— half a dozi?n 
nown men. uU we&riDg grotesque nia^kA, strange 
h&U, nuocks or other g\mt over their clothes, 

ftU Biniiiop, " Ood res', ye, merry pentlemen," moat 
mournfully, to the music of tin old accordion. I 
did not comprehend those Taff;rom men, but gave 
them a coin— as who should say, "We ratiy never 
see the likea of yon again ! " A. J. AL 


— I want to roDsuU, for a special purpose, Th€ 
Ilistory of Melbouriu, DerhyihirA^ by J. J. Briggs, 
second edition, 1652, but there is no copy of the 
book in any library to which I bare access. X 
have ventured, however, to believe that some 
reader of '* N. & <^." who possesees this book will 
have BufHcieot sympathy with a paralyzed invalid, 
impriftoned in his room and debarred from the asa 
of public librarieg, to lend me his copy for a few 
days. I need scarcely add that it snail be care- 
fully returned with many thanks. 

Edmond Chester Watera, 
£7, The Qrovo, Hammersmith, W. 


We muit request oorreipondenti desiring Informalioo 
on family matters of only private interoit, to affix their 
oamea and addreaHS to their i^acriea, in order that the 
answers may be addressed to them direct. 

The Johnson Lines in Golubuith's Poems. 
— In a forthcoming new edition of the worka nf 
Goldcmith I have the following note concerning 
the lines said to hare been contributed to the 
Tnir'ilUr and DucrUd ViVaqc by Dr. Johnoon ;— 
These statements (of Johnsou'd authorship of 
the lincH in quefltion) rest solely npon th& 
authority of Eoswell's Johmon^ where, vol. ii. 
p. 309 (BnhD*8 ten-voIuDte edition), Boswell Bays 
that "he [Johnson] marked" the nine lines of tho 
Travelitr^ aud "added, * These arc all of which I 
can bo sure"*; and again, " Dr. Johnson at the 
same time favoured me by marking the lines 
which he furnished to fioldsmith's DaerUd Vil- 
lage which are only the U8t four," All the edi- 
tions of both poems up to the time that Boswell 
wrote, which, of course, was subsequent to the 
death of both Goldsmith and Johnson, are with- 
out any indication of this alleged contribntion of 
lines by Johnson ; and, what i«j, perhnp?, more 
remarkable, even iifter Boswell hjid by the above 
statements claimed Ihe^e lines for Johnson, Bishop 
Percy, the friend, literary executor, and bio- 
t'rapber of Goldsmith, in hia edition of the poet^a 
works first published in ISOl, niiikes no mention 
of any such contribution by Johnnon. To this £ 
may add that it need not be aisumed that Bos- 
well has stilted auythin^ more than wbut he be- 
lieved to be true ; still less need it be assumed 
that Johnson stated anythinc; which was not true ; 
but I think oa the caae stands it may he at least 
admitted that Boswell may have mode aowa 
miatake. The asoripliilMyfcfcKCM^ x\^^ik qV 




|«ttS.VII. JAS.15/S3. 

time in botli rene ao'l prose to Pr. Jobnsoa was, 
KB is well knowu, ([uiie a coiniuon occurrence. 
MtM Reynold^j for iii&tAnc«, states in reference to 
thia naaio poem, the TtawlUr (** Recollections," 
published in the JohnBoniana tit the end of Eohn's 
edition of Boswell's Lif(), that *' Dr. Johnson told 
tier that ht> had written " the ten lines descriptive 
of the KDglisbmnii, commenciDjf, "Stern o'er each 
bosom." Nobodv, I suppose, believes this ; and 
^et DO doubt the ludy wuf), generally speaking, as 
rorthy of belief as Boswell. The explanation, of 
irse, is thnt she was iiiisUiken. Again, John- 
son himself relates that Chiiinier went away with 
the belief that he (Johnson) bud written the first 
iine of the Traveller, because he in converaation 
interpreted GoIdsuiiLh's nieaniii^ as to the word 
9I0W eeeuiinfjly better than Gold»milb did himself 
{vitU Conwell's J'lhnson, vol. ii. p. 85). I should 
be Klad if any further light could be thrown upon 
this matter ; hut, so fur, it seems to me th() ubtive- 
stated fuctx point to at least a doubt as to whether 
the nine line« in the Tuivdhr and four lines in 
the IhitrUd ViUatje usually marked as Johnnon's 
were really written by biml J. W. M. G. 

DoNCASTEtt CnopH — Wlio is the present owner 
of the paintinc in nils of Donowter Cros*, from 
vbtch, in 1752, Vertue effected big copper-plate 
<engravinc for the Society of Antii[uaries, published 
in the VeiMut^ MonnmenUi tho following year? 
The subjoined particulars may serve, in some 
quarter ur another, to aid the quest. Originally 
in the collection of coins, paintinji", and other 
curiosities of Lnnl Fairfax, and later of bis son 
Sir Thomas, tho whole passed by purchase to 
Aldcrmann Thore^by, of Leeds, father of the bis- 
loriun of thiit town. The lettering of Vertue 
Kttacbed to the cross states that the painting was 
then iu the hands of Dr. Kichard Kawlinson, 
K.S.A., who also possessed "a frsgmcnt in MS. 
which had al.-'o l>eli>nged to the aldemiau," an-1 
which describes the crout and the damage iidlictrd 
on it by the ICjirl of Manchester's army in l(i44 ; 
but it would fieem that the painting was made 
anteriorly to ihifrdefucement, caused by reniovjd of 
the four corner croaf-es at the top, and which were, 
in 1678, repinced by " four dials, ball ftD<l frtoe," 
The figures at thebaic of the cross iu the engraving 
have no exi-stencc in the painting. Dr. Hawlin- 
son, the late&t known po«S4*<>snr of this pjiinting, 
wai for some time secretary and libmrian to the 
Society of Antitpiaries; nnd all that T have been 
«ble to glean relative to the disposition of his 
treasures iit that hia bnokn went to the Bodleian, 
and that nothing i^ now known of the destination 
of his pictures and prints. Doncastrr, in propor- 
liOD to \iH sixp. was probably richer iu croxAeR 
ihnu nny other Hritiah town ; but that in qnestion 
w»f iht cro"*, pur <xt<Hcnce—n unique, qnatre- 
loliate column, Msit)^' eighteen feet above the boAcor 

one octngnnal and five circular »\e\^. About one- 
third up thJK eighteen ftet ran the original inscrip- 
tion, in Norman characlem, " + icKfcT : est : LAC- 
nvicE : OTE : d : tilliaki : /lsik : dev ; km : 
FACK : MKRCi : AM." As Thofesby points out, 
" TiLLi AKi " is a mistake of I he anibt, and fhould 
be "tilli : a : ki ": " This is the cross of Otede 
Tilli, to whose soni God show ntercy." Oto de 
Tdli was Stnrscfiallus of the Conisborough eatatca 
of Ihe De "VVarrcns. In 1793, by order of the 
cor|K)ratinn, this vntnable nnd historical cross wofl 
taken down by a local nrchilect, who was to "re- 
build the same nl Hob CroRi Hill," a slight 
eminence to the eoulhward. Unfortunately there 
was too little antiquarian tasle to check the pro- 
pensity of builders to think they can improve on 
everything of olden lime, and Ihe architect, whilst 
using the old niaterialji, built the cro5s on hia oicn 
lines, and the Norniun cross and inscription wero 
lost together, to the eternal dipgrnce of the town. 
Hence the value attaching to the original paini " 
of the original erection. H. Ecrotd Smi' 

CoTTiNGTov Famh.t. — Whose son was 
Francis Cottington, ''nephew and heir" toFi 
Lord Cottington, of Hanworth 1 The pedigr< 
Hoare's Wilti affiliates him thus : — 

1. James 
*J. Kdwsrd 
3. M&urice 

Franei*, IiorJ 

81 r Francis 

It is evident that bis parentage is bere m< 
derived from the Administration, in which hi 
described as "nephew." The version in Bm 
Extinct Peeroijc is quite incorrecr, viz , that, 
Lnrd Cottington's death, " the barony of CotI 
ton became extinct, nnd bis estates pasaed tol 
nephew, Charles Cottington, Kjq,, who hadf 
tord»hip's remains brought over to Kngland, 
interred in Westmim<ter Al-bey, where he er< 
a utatejy monument"(p. \?.W}. Thin error is ti 
able to the monumental itixcription^ by whicb, 
Chester himself would ?iem to have been mil 
fnr he speaks of " the monument erected by 
Cnttington's nephew and btir" (H'cfrmi 
A bhry l<ttf\tifTt^ p. 1 04). Clmrle« Collioi 
who erected the inonnment, dom, indeed, to 
scrib*- hini»elf, vidt the inscription, which 
that Lord Cottington — 

" 'Ijed «t Vullndidi'l in Ppiiin on y' 31)"' nf June 

l)')niiiil 1(J.''>2. a-L 9itn) 74, whence liiH (;oil^ niu hi 

anO hrre Interrnl l>y rhnrlM Couinctoa Kiqt 

rir/fAcv afiU hcne htuiu ItJTl^" 

But the true relatinpfdiip was ns ftilUw". 

Cottingtnn'B heir at bis deutli wa* hi" Tn»b*?' 

Frunci» Cottington, of F-nOiill.Wi ' 

wn« buried there May 10, IWS.and ■ 

by hIsauD, FrntcU Cottington, of louiuai, 



jtrbo was buried there Dec. 14, IfiGB, and, tearing 
Ijio siinrivini; Usiie, wiia siicoeeil^d by bin brother 
'7hnrle«, who was ibua great-nephtw to Lord Cot- 

Ic may be noiicetl that in the pwliprw in 

Loare'a W'Jii the wife of Fpvncis Oiv.tington 

[d. 1666) figures merely ixa " Elizvbetb, livioti 

1669." She cnn, howerer, be shown in have been 

Wan;;bter In Sir John Thimelby. of Irnbani, co. 

I^incoln, Knt., and lo have nnirned, for her second 

luiband, Henry Lumley, brother and heir pre- 

mtnptive to Richard, Lird Lumley (nft^rwanls 

'1 of .Sc«rboroin{h), befure Nov. 17, 1685. She 

1, without issue by him, in bis lifetime. 

J. H. EocsD. 

John Favotir. — T want some informition about 
itbe family nnd early d:iyH of John K-ivour, who 
ros educiU'd at Soutbiimpt/»a und \ViDcbe«t«r 
sbooli cocneoulively. Was be of Huguenot ex- 
iction 7 In what position ot life was bis father I 
Fohn Favour would be born about 1658. I Hhould 
like to know who wiw master of Winchester 
his time. I want to know this because I have 
guesv. which thut knowledge may make a shrewd 
ine. WiitsoD, in his HUtory of ilaiifax, speaks 
a " Wm. Fiivour, fitizm of LomUn" b;ivto;i 
Ltrried Priscill.v, sixth chdd of Anthony Wudo, 
»f Ualifar, who was married in 1590. I hnvc 
>ked in the fifilif.ix ref^iaters for tbt<i marrinf^e 
ffif William Favour and cannot find it ; and 
^ataoo tells us nothing more of hiau Can any 
At Soatbatupton tell me } T. C. 

Carkw's "Survkt of Cornwalu"— I have 

joit been r*;ndin^ again Oorew's oeliijbtful Sm-vtif 

|o/ CoriiiitiU, and wish the aid of '* N. & Q.'' in 

{upLination of certain phrases and allusions ihere- 

1— no doubt plain when written nearly three 

indreti yetrs bIdcc, but now become obscure, 

ly refer»:ncea are to th« edition of 17C9. 

Darbye'a bondi>," p. 16. — Ojirew, Bpeuklog of 
the bard d^alingntind usurious tricks of the " mar- 
iDt Tyindnnffi^" in tht'ir dealings with the Corn- 
lionefA of his diiy, tells the wiles by which the 
>r |)oor wretch became bound in " Darbye's 
)Bds." are tlicy } 

liawkeirees" p. 21.— A tree (? what). "As 

ir the Bliitii'e Btnndlei, coriinionly called Hawke- 

be lelU us that ihe sea gates so pare and 

tl tboiu that they are mere swirecrows. 

" Wliitbull," p. i;i — C:ifew Ui\U us that graxieni 

if Devon Hud Somersetshire used to pasture large 

jroi^es "f cittlo on the moors of (jornwall, and tiell 

nt bniite, '* which n'KwiLliManding beefe, 

W, leaihf*r, or Ullow beue not any extra- 

^1^ price in ibis couutie," &c. What is 

Certrtioe nuts," p. I27.-Crtrew says thni 
kin auXjt were found upon the sea-siraad of 

Cornwall resembling a sheep's kidney in »hflpG^ 
but flatter ; the outside a dork-coloured rind, tbe 
inside a tjwteleM kernel, of grent virlae, accord- 
ing to old wiros, to women travailing in child- 

I have fonnd the not occasionally washed Dp 
with the seaweed, among rarraeossa. foreign 
alg.T. and other waif in tbe coves nbout Polperro; 
but it wad then only employed to enne through tbo 
infantile trt.pi]i. It probably rencbed orir shores 
via the guU-stream. T. Q. Coocii. 


Barton cvnrR Nrkdward awd Hrxrt Vlf. 
— In an old pdiiion of Walpoolo'a Brituh Travtller, 
a remurkiihle incident is given upon a visit of 
Henry VII. to the above-named village. I give 
it in tjrUnto : — 

" 'When the Klnecmmef^n nbuntinjr match In Staflbri)- 
shire, one T'<y)or, a poor labouring niitn. was preMntd 
to him whose wifo ha I three aoha bt ti birth, who were 
then fine boys in all the dmrniM aihI bloom of youth, 
ftfimtretl by everybody, AnJ t'lo kini: had »t mncb coni- 
pu«ion for tbe bovf chst b^ Dr<l«re'l ihom to be sent to 
a Puhlio-Scbool, Anil from tlience at his own ezpenoe t(/ 
th<f Unirerflity. What bccanie of two of them is not 
piiMthJe for )■■ to iftT, but in loolciriRover kn ancient 
ijianuicript in thn Briti*h Mufuni. we hnil t)<sl one of 
them applied himself to tUn iiiiidy tS the (.'irit L«w, and 
ftfter h vfcnely of prefprnient*, »•• mivunccil to tha 
fiffioe of Master of the Rolls. Tde Kxnz in mcniory of 
thii evrnt c&uted a chapel to b'* bmlt on the Rpot whorcr 
their fnther'i houN flood, of which there are ittll tome 
rcmiiinti, mucli in tbe taste of the Hoe Chapel of Ueurj 
Vll. ai Weetmineter." 

Cm liny of the renders nf " N. fi Q."t'ive tbe 
name of tbi« fortunate ptott'gi of Henry AMI., and 
throw some further light upon so remark:tble an 
#yent, touelber with Ihe name of tbe public school 
and university lo which the three boys were sent i 


"We nK Skvkn."— In a list of Uiokt printetj 
for '• Uennct Griffin," &o., und inserted at the end 
of my copy of ArtamfntB ; or, ike Grand Oynis 
(London, printed by John Darby, lC9u), is one 
bearing the above title by John Taylor. Its simi- 
larity with Wordsworih'i well-known We or« Swin 
atlntcted my attention, and I have sought for it in 
the w.irka of tbe Water Poet, but cannot find it 
either in bis own folio edition of 16<1o or in the 
Spenser Society's rrprint (1870) of works not in- 
cluded in that edition. Cno it have been written 
by another John Taylor; or is it a lost work of the 
poet I S. H. 

82, Ainger Uoad, N W. 

DRVOKsniBK Dialect. — In the d.-iys before the 
mirknt was built here, and when it was held in 
the High and Fore Slreei% huge pans of butter 
might have been soen, similar lo those used in 
Wiltttbiro and eUewliere for lard. I understand 
these clay puns (made at Honiton) ore locally 
culled "fitulns." Is tbe word peculiar to Devon* 




■hire, and from what is It derlred 7 I hare looked 
in Taiu in some Devonshire glossaries for its 
etymolofi[y. Old Derooians term " bladders of 
ibmi " " blowers of mort." Query origin of this 
ghastly term, and does it obtain elsewhere 1 

Cu. Elein Matebws. 

The TJffizi Galleht.— In Smith's Catalogue 
Jtauonni it is said (ii. 20), it has been the custom 
for two centuries to place the portiait of erery 
distinguished painter in this gallery done by his 
own hand. Millais, Leighton, and Watts have 
recently contributed their portraits. How many 
portraits of Englishmen are contained in the 
gallery ? Is there any catalo^e procurable ? 

C. A. Ward. 

The Battle of Waterloo. — I was lately the 
purchaser of a book relative to this battle. In 
addition to a graphic account (obtained from " a 
.variety of authentic and original sources ") of that 
memorable fight, ic also contains 
" An alphabeticftl lUt of the officers killed and wonnded 
from 15th to 26th June, It<15. auJ the Total loss of each 
regiment, with an ennumeration of the Waterloo Honours 
and PriTllegef, conforre'l upon the men and officers en- 
titled thereto. Illustrated by a Pnnorainic Sketch of the 
Field of Battle, and a pltn of the poeition and more- 
menta. Bjr a near observer. To which is added the 
Hanoverian^ Spuiish, and Dutch Account*, kc. London, 
priniad for J. Booth' and T. Egcrton." 1S15. 

I should be glad if any reader of " N. & Q." 
would tell me whether this is considered a scarce 
book, being published so soon after the battle. 

P. B. D. 

Sib John Browne, of East Kikdy, co. Lin- 
COLK, Knt. — Where can I find any account of 
his issue 1 Ho was living iu the early part of the 
seventeenth century. T. B. 

Keknoce : Scardoodle — At a tea-fight given 
to some sailor lads in tbi^ town the other evening, 
several of them towards the finish asked, some for 
more kennockst and others for acardoodlei. On 
asking what they meant, they said the firtt named 
were oblong pieces of paltry with jam between 
them like a sandwich, and the latter small open 
jam tarts. Neither word is in Halliwell. 

R. C. HorK. 


Kame of Magazinr Wanted. — In the brief 
obituary notice of Mr. William Galignani (who 
died in Paris a few day^ previously) which 
appeared in the Timts of Dec. 13, 1882, it is 
stated that in W^O his father started in Paris a 
monthly English review. What was its name, 
and what its fate 7 We all know something of 
ChUignani'i Muttngtr, 

CouiELius Walfobd. 

Bilain Park Gardens. 

OoDBS op Moslet Hall, kbar LiVEXPOOih — 
Can any one inform me whether there is a printed 
pedigree of this family, or enable me to ftll in foil 
dates and names, more especially in the follomng 

branch 1 Edmund Ogden, died Febmaty, 

1775, had a danghter , married in to 

Boode. I believe their children to hare been 

Margaret and Phoebe (did they die unmarried f), 

and Louis William, married in to , father 

of the late Lady Gust. There was also John 
Christian Boode ; was he son of Louis Willtam, 
or the descendant of another Ogden daughter? 

F. N. R. 

[In Burke** Pttragt for 1883. rv. "Gust. Bart," it is 
stated that Mary Anne, wife of Hon. Sir Edward Oust, 
was only child of Lewis William Boode, Esq.] 

William Murdik, of St. John's, Camb., B.iu 
1722, M. A. of Sidney 1726.— What was the date of 
his birth, and what his parentage and preferment! 

Hawlkt Bishop, bom Sept. 10, 1701, elected 
from Merchant Taylors' School to St. John's, 
Oxford, 1720, B.C.L. 1727, Rector of Crick, co. 
Northants, 1742. — Was he admitted student of 
Gray's Inn in 1724, and called to the Bar? 


West HacVney Rectory, Stoke Newington, N. 

[Foiiter's Cofl. Gt%.^ vol. i., gires a Uawley Bishop, 
BOB of Humphroy Bishop, of London, ^m., admitted at 
Gray's Inn Marcli 18, 17'i3-4, but by an obnous mia- 
print Bays that he wis called in June, 1053; perhaps 
2753 is the date meant.] 

Hbnribtta, Ladt Wentworth : John, Lord 
LoviELACB. — Can any of your readers inform me 
whether any letters written by Uenriettn, Lady 
Wentworth (well remembered from her connexion 
with the Duke of Monmouth), are known to be in 
existence, or any documents signed by her ? Also, 
whether any family papers are extant illustrating 
the career of John, Lord Lovelace, of Hurley, the 
impetuous and extrayagant Whig celebrated bj 
Macaulay? £. G. A. 

DtJCKiNO A Scold.— When did the Inst recorded 
infliction of ducking; a scold, in pursuance of ac 
order of a court of summary jurisdiction, take place 
in England 1 Studknt. 

Authors of Quotations Wanted. — 
'* Worie tLan bumboatmen and directon." 

A. P. 




(6"» S. T. 343, 431.) 

At the second of these references Mr. RotJNi 

claims on behalf of the present Duke of Athole tha 

he is Che " toU heir general " of the " great house o 

Percy.*' He assigns this chwacter (o turn on tii 

B-8.vii.jx».i3.-s3.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

groUDiI tluLt he is the heir general of Hii^b, second 
Poke of Northumberhind, who was tba heir gencritl 
£li/:ibeth Porcy, Pucheas of Somerset, who 
i'dau(;htvr and hei'roM of Josceline, elei'eoth 
~ud Tost carl of the luale lino of the Fercies, Earla 
of JS'ortbuuiberliiad, that is of the malo line of 
Joficeline d*? Louviiine and Agces, the sieter 
and heiress of Williauj^ third and last baron 
of the original stock of the Percies. It is clear, 
therefore, that Ma. RorND is unaware of the 
circumatance that Tbomivs, seventh Et\rl of 
Northumberland, left four dauchtera and co- 
heiressen, from two of whom there are several 
descendanta and repreeeotativea now liviDg. The 
position of Thomas, Karl of Northamberlund, was 
rather sii)p;ular. He was the nephew and heir of 
Heniy, sixth earl (who was attainted in 1037), and 
wa», ID the words of Sir N. Harris Nicolas, " created 
Baron Percy with remiiioder, failing his issue male, 
to his brother Henry and bis issue male April 30, 
1557," nod " in cousidenitioD that his nncestors 
*&b antiquo de tempore in tempus,' bad been 
cfirls of Northumberland he was created, May 1, 
1557, Earl of Northumberland to him and the 
heira male of his body, in default of which to his 
brother Henry Percy and the heirs male of his 
body, with nn especial clause ^rranting the ancient 
jtlace of the earldom as it bad been held by bis 
ancestors " (Courthope-Nicolaa, Hutoric Peeroye, 
p. 360). He was attainted in 1571 and beheaded 
in 157'2, when, according to the limitation above 
nomod, bis peerages devolved on his brother Henry 
Feroy, who succeeded as eighth carl, and was the 
sreat-gmadfatherofJoficeUne, eleventh and lastearl. 
**The seventh earl of Northumberland," says Dr. 
Burtces, " had by his wife, the Lady Anne Komer- 
•et, daughter of the second earl of Worcester, a son 
who died in early life, ami four daughters, the 
coheirs of the eldest branch of the house of Percy,*' 
and he adds : — 

" The tldcat daughter, Klizsboth, bccameths wife of 
Itichard Woodroffe, of Walley. trfquire. The second, Lucy, 
»»• married tt Sir Eilnmd Stanley, of Tong Cmttlf, 
KTBndfoii tif llic third Kntl of I'erly. Tlie cbirJ, Jnne, 
was eti>uU9«d by Lord Henry h'eymuur, second son of tb** 
first DuVc of Somertet, but dieJ without iuuc. And 
Msry, tb« yoiinj^eit, horn under the mclaucholy starthnt 
Wmtebed the ruin nt Iter fathcr'ii hotiBO, mudo early tows 
of celibacy, and evantuitlly bormuo the foutider and 
prioreaa of a convent of Bedcdictine nun«at Bruuelt." — 
A Sktteh of tki MmU hucendantt of Jotciline de Lou- 
«aiV, iA* iSwcsii Uoujc o/ i'trcy^ A^c-. p- 35. 
Dr. Surtees further explains that some writers 
following Urooke have stated that there w;is 
tu>olber ditu^bter ALiry, older ilian the one here 
lii^Dtinned, and that she was married to Sir Thomas 
Grey of W'ciW. But Vincent says that be made 
inc^airies of contemponincous members of the 
pBrcy family, and found that there were not two 
MuTiift. It U »«n^.';iefltc.i by Dr. Surtees that the 
ni«Ht»k« limy liavtt ani^eii frtirii lite fuct that Str 
Tfaouuu Grey of Werk actually married a daughter 

of the Earl of Westmoreland, who was involved ia 
the same rebellion, and was attainted at the same 
time, as the Earl of Northumberlund. Be this as 
it may, however, it is &t all events certain that 
among the desceadanta of the daugbtera of Thomas, 
Earl of Northamberland the heirship of thePerciei 
is distributed, and that, save for the attainders of 
the sixth and seventh earls, among them would be 
in abeyance, as Dr. Surtees observes, 
"tb'Q anoiont barony by writ of Percy with the other 
baroaica in fee of the fumily, and probably the older 
earldom of Nortbumberliuid also, as it ti ttbtrd by Bonks 
to fanve been conferrvd in the ftnt year of Kichard II. 
' sibi et hasredibus suls.' "—Itid., p. 34. 

All authorities are agreed that of these danghters 
L;vdy Elizivbeth Woodroffe, the eldest, and Lady 
Lucy Stanley, either the second or the third, aro 
the only ones who left issue. Banks (Baronia 
Anglica Conctivtrata, vol. i. d. 369), gives the fol- 
lowing pedigree of Lady Elizabeth Woodroffe's 
dcscondanta : — 
Lady Elizabeth Percy, eld«ii^=Ricfiard Woodroffe, of 

dau. and coh. of Thomas, 7th 
Earl of Northumberlood. 

WoIIey, la the oouoly 
of York, Eiq. 

.Maximillisn Wo(Klroff4,=MabeI, daii. and h. of Arthur 
s. and b., o£. 1662. 1 Paver, of Wetherby, Esq. 

MnximillUn Woodrnffe, B.=Ele«nor, dau. of Wm. Favor, 
and h., ob, vu pat 1644. I of Uraham Hall, E-q. 

Mtiruna Woodroffe, dau.=John Paver, rvf St. Xlchotai 
and hoir, yb. vi. mariti, | Uouse, \ork. Esq , ot. IT-l--. 

Woodroffe Favor, son and heir,»Maiy, dau. nf Thomaa 
ob. 17U3, vu pat \ Goltuu, of York, Kaq. 

WiUtara PaT»T, sun and b6ir,= Anne, dau. of 3.indfrird 
aluiu «t CulloJeu. ] Ccplcy, of Liverpoo , Esq. 

John P*ror, of Het«av, fion=AllcB, dan. of Chrirtopher 
and bcir, oi. aim Ktio. | ^cwha^l, ra. 1741, oS^. 1*^2. 

I. John, 2. John, S. Witliam^^Jine. dan. of Fraooii 

ob. »h/. ob. t.p. Paver, vk 

Fryer, m. 1775, ob. 

Wiinam Piiver, of York,s.nnd=Msrgar«t, dau, of TboB, 
h,, b. 1770, Nusc vmiu 1843. I Peaty, m. 1600. «&. 1343. 

William Paver, oon and lie(r,=Jane. dau. of John Vn- 
b. ISOl. MHM« vtvou 134!). I thai.k. of York, m. 1S::3. 

William, Percy Woorlrofft Jane, ob, .7aiic Margtrftt, 
ott. in/, I'ftv.T, ion and i«/. bora IS27. 
hoir, burn l&J^. 




Sir Bernard Burke, in hia Extinct and Dormani 
Peerage^ under the headiDf; "Percy/* merely men- 
tions the marriage of Ladv Elizabeth Woodroffe, 
and passes on to Lady Lacy Stanley and her 
descendants. Her two dauKhters, according to 
him, were Frances Stanley, the elder, married 
to Sir John Fortescue, of Salden, and Venetia 
Stanley, the younger, who was the too cele- 
brated wife of Sir Kenelm Digby, of Gothurst. 
Sir N. Harris Nicolas, in his Introdnction to 'the 

Frivate Memoin of Sir Ktneltn Digby (pp. 84-86X 
ignores the line of Frances Stanley apparently, as 
well as that of Liidy Elizabeth Woodroffe, for he 
ascribes to the heirs of Venetia Stanley the repre- 
seatation of the '* illustrious " house of Percy, fiat 
gathered from various sources and omitting for 
shortness all marriuges except those of heiresses 
and coheiresAes the descendants of Lady Lucy 
Stanley are shown below: — 

lAdjr Lacy Percy, Kcond daa. and coh. of=Sir Edward Stanley, of 
Thomas, Berenth Earl of KorthamberUnd. | T ong Gutle, Salop. 

Frances Stimley, firstK=Sir John Fortawae, 
daa, and coh. I of Salden, Bucki, 

VenetiaStanley.tecondsSir Kenelm Digby, 
dau. and coh. I of Gotburat, Oxou. 

A Bon nnd sareral 

daus., d. v.p,, i.p. 

Sir John Fortescue, 
son aiid heir. 

John Digby, second ion and: 
eTcntoal heir. 

Fmnoes Forteicue,=:Henry Benedict Hall, of 
dan. and heir. | Uigli Meadow, (iloi. 

of Hi 

Margaretta Maria Digby,= 
dau. and heir. 

=Sir John ConwHV, of 
BodrjChaii, Flint. 

Benedict Hall, of High Meadow, ton and beii 

Benedicta Maria ThereBa=:Thoma<. first Vis* 
Hall, daa. and heir. I cuunt Qage, 

Hon. Thomas Gage, General Officer 

Henry Conway, son and heir, d. v.p.^= 

Honora Conway=Sir John Glynne, of 
I Hawardeu, Flint. 

Sir Stephen Glynne, of Hawarden, Flint= 

Henry, third Viscount Gage«= 

Sir Stephen Richard Qlynne, of Hawarden, Flints 

Henry Hall, fourth Viacoant Gi^= 

Sir Stephen 
Rich. Glyune, 
d. «.p. 


RpT. Henry= 
Glynne, d 

Ontliertne, mar. 
Rt. Hon. W. E. 

Mary, mar. Geor|re 
William, fourth 
liotd Lyttelton. 

Hon. Henry Edward Hall Gage, lon^ 
and heir, d. v.p, I 

Mary Gljrnne, first 
dau. and coheir. 

Gertrude Glynne, second 
dau. and Cuheir. 

Henry Charles, fiflh and present Viscount Gi^. 

Hence it appears that not only is the Duke of 
Athole not the"«o/« heir generiiI"of the "great 
house of Percy,'* as Mr. Round affirniR, butfurther 
that a whole bevy of respectable families, includ- 
ing, among others, that of the Prime Minister, will 
have to be extinguished before he c^n make any 
colourable pretension to that genealogical dis- 
tinction. F. D, 

Thb Shrines or Peg WorFiKOToN akd 
KiTTT Clivs (6"» S. vi. 607). —Permit me |o 
thank F. O. for his note upon two of our local 
vrorthieB. It is, indeed, siagutar that the actual 
boa8^ or position of it, at Teddingtoo, occupied 
by Margant Woffington should not be known. 
The tmditioD oonoecting her with the houte now 
OftUad Udney Ball (not Park m written by yoor 

correspondent) does not seem very trnstworthy, 
and it is, I think, worth noting here that in the 
buriul register, in the entry dated April 3, 1760^ 
she is described as " Mrs. Mitruaret Woffiogtony 
of London." Is it certain that she was more than 
a frequent visitor at Teddington ? The house in- 
dicated by F. G. waa, down lo 1 85 1 at least, known 
as Teddington Place, or Teddington Place House, 
and only received its present appellation while 
subsequently occupied by a Jewish family. It is 
said to have been built by Sir Chas. Duncombe 
(Lord Mayor 1708-9) and fitted at great cost, 
ceilings painted by Verrio and carvings by (that 
most ioduBtrioas I) Grinling Gibbons, and though 
DOW not mor« than half ita former lise and im- 
portanee, bad saffered no cartailnmt during Pieg 
Waffingtoa'a lilk Z( may peitap* ^ '<>^ ^^"^ 


0ua. vu.Jai.13/83] 


the local name of Udoej, app!i«d now to serenl 
ktou»es here, orii^inLited with Robert Udoev, who 
lived io the house from wbicli I write. He was 
n friend nf his neiphlwiir tiomce Wiilpole («ee 
H. R.'» LttUr$, July 29, IT'jn, S«pt. 6, 17!>5, &c.). 
nnd after his return from Itaty, where at Lenboro 
lie bod be*o consul, he formed here in n uullrry, 
of which only the ve«tibule now rem»infl, & collec- 
tion of picture?, chiedy of the luliun schiKsU, which 
IumI u coDsidemble reputation nt the time. The 
prefteDt position of Pep Woflington'a moDUroeot, 
us noted by F. Cr., is not the ori(;iauI oik. Before 
the orsnn chiiujber wiis formed it wm oa the eMl 
wull of the north nisle. W. lliv«5. 

rJney Uouw, Teddingtcn. 

Ouvbh CnoMWRLL (6** S. ti. 366).— It has 
often been BtAted that when Oliver Cromwell wm 
n TnuH}^ boy he dreamt, or hud a kind of Ttsion, 
that be w»a kin^; of England, nudrelitted bit dream 
to hia {Mirents, who were much trembled at it; that 
hij» father angrily rebuked him for the ranity, idle- 
ness, and impudence of the idea, and requested 
Dr. Beard, hia achoolmoster, to try and Hog it out 
of him I'robftbly it had just » contrary effect Co which hU father iutended, iind made biiti re- 
i])ember the dream all the more vividly, Jt waa 
not loHi* after that, accnrdinn to the utory referred 
10 by VViaaiiinley in his Liix* f>/ tJtr moU Fumous 
Kftgluh Foiti, he acled in I'je play of Lingua. 
AVinstanleyV boob, though no often fiuoted, \i one 
cf very lictle auibority ; probably he took the 
statement from Juniett fieathV FUtfftUum; tfr,the 
L\U <in'{ Ikuih, liirih and Burial of O, Orof/ir 
*w/', p. 6 — 

"Xow to confirm tliU Ilojral humour the more in hi« 
•mbUioui «n4 vain gtoriou* timtn, it happeneil (»• it was 
I ben g'-nerally flie cuitorae in nil icrc&t Kree-Scliouli) 
ibut li PUj culled Tki Fitt •Sfnrri, »■« to be BCt^d by 
the ScbnUn of ihi* Svhxil, mA Ot»rtr t'lvmr*/. m a 
coiiflJent yotitli. wKi nHnicil to Act the i>art of Tartiu 
the sfHiB uf h'^Ufi'j: in the penonfttMin o( nbich mb hr 
CKFiie nut of tlie 1'yT\t\\^ rodm upon ttip Sticr, lii« head 
rncirctc>i witli «, Chaplct of La. wr el. he ittimtilcJ tt r 
Cfttww, purixieely Uid tb«re, which ■tooj'injf ilown ho 
took up. a>iil L'r^wncil binuelf tberwitbalt. aJdiD^; be- 
yond bid Cue, tome Majrvtical titiKhty word*; Bml willt 
titij pungt* ftlM. tli9 Kfciit of Li# \Mr licM ^wA mtnlotfj 
Mild proiKirtion whrn be cb&ni,'e<l the Lawrtll i>f liii 
Viotorici Cm tbe ln(e iirin«lur»l W'ta) to all the I' ower, 
Aaihor>'.y. MnJ »])leri-lnr that can he iniagiacd within the 
C^mpasw uf a Crown." 

Heath dijftinclly states that thii took place at (he 
free Khool at Huulingdon, and sonie time before 
Cronnvrll went t<> Sidney Sussex College, Cam- 
bridge. There is a note on the subject io a volume of 
f^ymond'a MSS. in the Hrttiih Muaeum (Elarleiau, 
No. 991, Art, 22), which states, on the anthorily of 
Sir W. Courteney, that it took place at Cimbrid^je 
("N. A t^.," 2"'^ S. Til. U2;, but the statement la 
vu^« nod of very little weight. Heath pays that 
lie aaid mure than hia cue; but nurely the wonU 
he boid to ipeuk were quite ini<jestic and loighly 

enoagh. Probably 1 e ful'y entered into kia put, 
and fipoke aa if be Italy felt it. 

Edwaed Sollt. 

Tn a bij^hly inteKAtio^; and able life of the Pro- 
tector tbe Bev. Paxtoo Haod makes a alight re- 
ference to tbe comedy of Lingua. Tbe character 
of Taclud wa« 6rat taken by Cromwell at th« 
UuDtiocdoo Free Graiumur Scbool. Tbas hiJ 
superiority over hi* KhoolfellowK waa admitted hy 
bis b«in^ aaaiuneii tbe principal part. Coming oti 
to the ata^e he stumbled over a ctown, which WM 
laid OD tbe floor pnrpoaely. Beadint; down, h% 
lifted it up and placed it upon bii bead. It i» aoid 
that be betrayed great emotion as be recited hia 
majesticaJ port. W. HEst.xT Eicailo^D. 

ParUide Uonae, Dootle, LivcrpooL. 

BARssTAPLe CnrncH [6» S. vL 4&e). — W« 
learn incidentally at tbe above reference that tbe 
fine old parish church of Barnstaple is now being 
destroyed— that ia to ny, •* restored." lu timh^ 
ia bein>; '^ carted away, " mo are it^ pewa, with lite 
dat« 1GD5 carved on them. When I Urt mw 
Baroataple Church, in 1&6C or ao, ita iolerior 
ieemed to me the very pattern nnd model of what 
a town church in Eogtand should l>e. Tbe rural 
and manicipnl history of TUrum and its neighbotir- 
hcjod was legible there in an nnbmken »eriea of 
interest ; the whole church w;ia not venerable only, 
but was warmed and humanized, even to a stranger, 
by the visible memoriaU of ten consecutive genera- 
tions. Who cares for a church that has broken 
wii.h its post, a fabric that exhibits nothing but 
our own generation ni-ts«|ueradiog in me<li;eral 
habit? And the parish church of a municipal 
borough ia especially worthless in auch a Planta- 
genet guise, because ita best cfaoracters are sure to 
be of the Elizabetboo, or Carolme, or G«orgifta 
sort. Tbey were so at Barum, they will b« ao 
there no longer. liartmouth Church, ton, ia io 
danger, unless the i>. P. A. B. can save ir. And 
there are things in it — its fifteenth century stone 
pulpit, for insUnce — finer, if I recollect rigblty, 
tlian any at Barum. A. J. M. 

Mi&s Kellt. the Actrms (C** S. ti. 466, 
493, &23). — This accomplished melodramatic 
actress commenced her theatrical eireer at Glasgov 
when only seventeen, and made faer first appear- 
ance at Covent Garden nn Thunday. Xov. 14, 
1822, in the character of Juliet in Mr.C. Kemble*a 
Hoineo. being described in the play-bilU :ta Miaa 
K. H. Kelly, to distiogtiioh her from Miss Lydia 
Kelly, of Lniry Line. I cannot think Micluel 
Kelly, the composer and vocalist, was her fatheTi 
M the Mtn-ning font nnd Thtairical (Jinervtr 
(No. 312J of thdt perifMi nnd the editor of Old and 
XiW London (vol. iii. p. 291, col. 2) concur iu 
believing her it* he the daughter of a miliiary 
officer. Miaa Kelly acled Juhel on twelve oighu 





durine the months of Kovember and Deceniher, 
viz., November 14, 16, X3, 20, 22. 25, 27, And 29, 
December 2, G, 9, aad 23, und guined fresh kurela on 
December 11, 12, and 13, by personating the prin- 
cipnl charucter (Margaret) in the trageoy entitled 
Tlu IIuQtunnt, written by Mr. (afterwards Kt. Hon.) 
Eichard Lalor Sheil. In the following year at 
CoTent Garden Juliet waa performed three times, 
viz., on January 13, 20, and May 19, and the Tlua- 
irical Ohscrvv {No. 4U3) announces an engagement 
at the Bath Theatre t<3 perform Virginia to Mr. 
Macre.idy'aVirjjiniua. On the night of her beneSt 
(June 7) Miss Kelly made her first appearance in 
Venice J'restrved as Belvidera (Jaffier Mr. C, 
Kemble, Pierre Mr. Macready), and as Lady 
Kiicket in the comedy of Three Weeks after 
Murriwjc, For several seasona this favourite 
actress attracted an admiring: audience t<^ the 
English opera-house, to see The SergtaiiCs }\'ij\ 
The Maid and t)u Majpie^ and T}u Innhtper's 
JMughter, pieces with wDich her name has ever 
since been associated in the memory of old piny- 
f^oers. Baving acquired an independence, Alis«i 
Kelly purchased freehold property in Dean Street, 
£)oho, for the purpose of catabliahiuj; a school fur 
acting, and afterwards built a theatre, wliicli 
opened May 25, 18J0, a speculation which entaile<i 
u loss of TjOOOi, {Old and ^Uic London, vol. iii. 
p. 295, col. 1). William Platt. 

Callis Court, SL Peter's, Isle of Thsnct. 

PeSM a Catholic (6"' S. vi. 364).— The accusa- 
tion against Penn appears to hare b«en investigated 
during bis Lifetime, on its first appearing, by 
TilloUon :— 

" Plis [Penn'i] attachnieiit to, nnd fHTtmr with, Ktnt; 
James 11. foon exposed him tn ilie imi^titaciDn oT bcin^ 
a Papiit in di«);uiac, or at Icait of holding n corrcaporiiJ- 
«nco with Jenuit* at Rome. The Dean's suipieion* of 
tlie Biiine kind boIoR reported to Mr. Pcnit, th*> Utter 
wrute iiDQiediatcly to liirn in hia own jusiiticntion, 
affimiii)}; liimstlf to bo no Koinan Cutliolic, but a Clirii- 

tian wliOftf cn-cd ii the iNrriptiire Tbo result wasthut 

ht fcsve tit" Ifeati tucli satiBrociinii ti|Kin that bend, tb«( 
the tattfr retunied biiii ttro Ittten ezpreNing that satu- 
fBctii^n {L*H of W. /VHfi, pp. l'J'i-8, prelixed to Tfil.i.of 
liif Ii'oi h. KoiiJ.. 17'2ti)."-Zi/tf oj TiUvUoH, by T. Uirch, 
pp. I'M, 1:1-1, Lund., ]7.'>2. 

This look place in 16BB nod 1687. 

Kd. Marshal!.. 

Bt7LLKii*s HisTony op St. Just (Land's 
End) («■»' S. VI. 36B).— .4 StatiMtical Afcmnt of 
ih$ Paruh of St, JuU in P«tiirifA,tn the (^unty of 
Cortiwa/i, t/.-i//i iotna Notice of it$ EccUsioiticnl and 
Druidifal Antit^tiiti^i, by the Rev. John Buller, 
LL.B.. vicjir of that pariah, 1842, uithe only book 
-which Mr. Bullcr appears to huve written on 
Ooruwall, and is no doubt that to which Mn. 
Hbnulk alludes. X have a ropy of it, and shall 
be happy to allow blm to see it. 

Wy. Pfi>G&u.Y. 


W1IJ.0W PATTKity RmrMR (6*" S. vi. 3i5).- 
The following ver^inns of this simple rliyme 
convey some ideii of the variations winch aris* 
from the different localities where it is exlant. 1u 
Weaste it runs thus : — 

*• Two birdfl flying high, 

A little ship pusing by. 

The i,*atei where the lun shinei ow. 

Three men going to Dover, 

Tlie apple tree. 

The UlCle cotto^ by (he sea." 
And again, same place : — 

*• Two little birds flyint; high, 

A little boat sailini; br, 

A river with a bridgo hanging o'er, 

With three men oti, «n<l »otnr-time& fuUr, 

A giant's cattle tlicre it it^nds, 

A« if it wa^ the lord of Undj. 

An apple tree with npj-lcs on, 

A fcnco below,— ao audi my song." 
In Bhicktey it is : — 

" Two bird* flyinff high, 

A little »Uip suiliiig by, 

Wooden bri'lge ihey cross over, 

Three little men going to Duver; 

Iron bridge sun chines on, 

Apj'If tree with apples on ; 

ChlncK mansion, willnvr tree, 

And a little cottag'j by the sea." 
Mr. Fowkk does nob «iy in what locality bis 
version occurs. I think it only ri^bt to add llial 
I am indebted for tbo above examples to the 
Manchester City Kev^t. J, Coofkr MoULcr, 

'^ Vive trr vivas": SnAKSPEAr.E*3 Adtoorj 
(6"' S. vi. 347}.— Mr. A. P. Paton, in his edii 
of Coriolanuf (" The Ranmet Shakspere," pt. vi 
LooKmang, 1880, introd. pp. xxv, xxvi, treats of 
the genuineness of the inscription in the copy of 
North's nutarc}^ in the Ureeuock Library. He 
gives a phototype of the title-page. The inscrij 
tion I read, " Vive : vt vivas ; WS : pre 
Ifji."; but Mr. Paton rpppodnces it as " Vive 
vivas : WS : pretiu j8* (nc)." The last fi 
may be 8, but it seems more like a 0, Thero 
but two brief notes iu the margin, and the gro 
for nsHiguin^ the inscription and the notes to K 
spere seem very slight indeed. After the W iu 
inscription on the title-page is a flourish wbi 
possibly meant for m. Xl 

Stamdino at Prateiis (6* S. vi. 367).— Till 
within a comp:irativeIy recent period it was thv 
custom for certain persons in dissenting cbapeli 
this nei^hboLirbood to stund with their bac 
the prcacber at prayers; but I believe the pi 
has now nearly, if not quite, died out. The 
person who ftto<id at private prayer, bid ftic« 
n»t, on entt*rin(r the pari&h chnrch here has 
dead some fifteen years. The heiji^ht nf the 
at thill liuie made such a positioji by no moai 
convenient, Q. J. D&1 

Lower UeyforJ, Oxrtn 

6-.8.V1I.J.K.13/83.} NOTES A\D QUEUIES. 


The menibera of the Society of Friends always 
stand u'lien one of their number prnya. Thia bns 
nlwa)-9 been so from ihe fuundtttion of the Society. 
The person pnyiog always kneel?, which la the 
rijrht wuy. Wm, Kkkswvb. 

Burj St, EJmaods. 

At Westminiiter School ta my time the ca)»tom 
vu fur the boys to stand oil round the big school- 
room during pmyers, vrhil%t the miisters and the 
monitor whoae turn it was to read prayeni Unelt 
oa Ibe floor in the centre. G. Fishkr. 

French Proteatants stand at prayers, but fiwing 
the miniater. J, G. A. 


CuAROPB (6»»> S. tL 347).— The word eharope 
appears to he a rendering into English of an 
Horueric epithet to express eyes ** somewhat lion- 
like.*' In OiL A. GUI, it ia:— 

Xaporoi Tc Xiovrts, 
tipon vhich the scboliiist biis ibis note : xaporroi 
Atoi'Tts ol To(oiTOT? t;!^o»'Tes Toi'S o<^6'aA/xot'ff. 
The explanntiun aeeius the more nAtuml nb the 
author sliows by the title — Anthmpometnmor- 
photii — that he had a fancy for expresaing Greek 
words in Enj^li-nh charactew. Thia Is also to be 
seen in the tillca of his other works. 


Lady Amoe Lislk (fi** S. vi. 3C8).— I do not 
<iaite underHt;ind nhtit Mr. Symonds means by a 
*'*tiitement" by Allicia Lisle. Her "Dying Speech" 
is & well-lcnnwn document, but I kuow of no otlier 
MSS. If Mr. S^'Mosns, or ftny of your rei\dcr\ 
€an give me nny genotilogical information concern- 
ing the Li>!les I shall be Tery thankful. I huro 
be«u fur soiue yeiira trying to trace the connexion 
of my family with the Lisles through the 
Whitaker?, but have met with a stuuibling-bluck 
in the direct line through not being able to ascer- 
Cflin the Christian name nfthe hu=ibaod of Margaret 
I»isle, one of Ludy Lislc's daujihtew. Her ludy- 
«hip in her will iiieoiioua " my daughter Margaret 
who married Mr. Whitaker," und we have no 
further clue— as regifeterw, 5:c. — saving a statement 
to a sitiiilar elfect vouched for by one " John New- 
maD," wha i<t suiiil trt hiivo been a clergyman in 
Hampshire in 18r>7; but I Cain find no record of 
i«acb u person in the CUrgy Lint from 1854 to 18C0. 
BKNHr Maudslat. 

CHAiinicnRnCuuRrn PoncHKs (e^S. vi. 301). — 
^I*arvu*. Ft. p»in*i*, Oer. horli'jffO. i)orch or an open 
■ re t he entrance of » church. Tbename hits 
' ^en given in modern limes to the room 
Miuui over church porches, used sometimes 
'ftfl a school or library. The origin, and in some 
the raeuning, of the term is involved in 
: by «ome it is considered to be a corrup- 
;^ Lii^-jradife. See Ducange, and also a curious 

illustration of the word in "WnterhouRe's OHnm«i- 
t-i-irff on Fortttcuf., p. 674. The pnasutije is given in 
Tndii'a Illustrations of Goxt^er and Chancer, p. 246. 
The name ia still common in France for the open 
spaces round Ciitbedrals and churches. Spon, in 
the nccoant of his travels, cjdls the nmnnos of lh« 
Parthenon at Athens a pan*u. '*Au devant da 
Temple est un pronaos, ou /jfrrtu, couvert comme 
le Temple, qui tient preftque le tiers de tonte la 
fabrique" {\ oy<ige d^ItalU^ di Grhcy Sic.^ vol. iL 
p. 83;. " Placitantes tunc se divertunt ftd j)arvi~ 
Binm " (Fortescue, Ds Laml Leg. Ang. cap. xxxi.). 
''Venditis in parvUio Ubellls " (Matt. Paris, an. 
1250, p. 034). 

" A lergiant of tswe ware and wise 
That often had beftn at the pxruitf," 

Cliaucer, p. 3. 
*' Parvyce, parlatorium, Utfnitio in hortor '' ;Pr/>mj)<. 
7'arr.). " Place nere a church to walk in," PaUq* 
(Parker's Glo^try of Architecture, vol. L p. 273;. 
In Parker's Olonmry of AirMtecUtrc^ vol. ii,, there 
in a plate of the p-irvixes of St. Peter-in-the-Ejvst, 
Oxford, c. 1450, and of Fotheringay, Northamp- 
touRhire, a. 1440, with the following foot-nolo 
relative to the plate and to the word ;iarm : — 

"Thii ntme (/lan-M) ia no«r commnnly piren tn the 
room over tho [^iroh, m» rcpro«ent«d in the itUte.but the 
tigi I location i§ ilifTereiit. It will he ubKrTel in t)ie ex- 
ample from Foiberin(«y there is a piuina and a window- 
which onginally opened into the church; the latter is 
uut uncommon." 

Besides tliose I have quoted from Parker's Ghuary 
of A TcMUcinre, I understand that there w a parvue 
at Stoke Dry, in Rutlandshire, about two miles 
from Uppingham, in which the Gunpowder Plot 
is said to have been hatched. 

Celeu kt Acdax. 

Mr, Maskell is certainly mistaken in one 
point, and I hope in two, in calliog the porch and 
its chamber nt Si. Sepulchre's modern. The out- 
side bos been ruthlessly rebuilt, without rhyme or 
reason^ as welt us the iotereaiing part of the west 
front, which was no sooner uncovered than it was 
de<ttroyed. I remember tho old porch nnd its 
chamber with the truceried roof underneath from 
my boyhood. 1 cun scarcely believe that my old 
friend Sir Gilbert Scott countenanced this rebuild- 
ing any more than he would have done the far 
more stupid nnd wicked vandalism which has 
spoilt St Albans Abbey. J. 0. J. 

Pugin describes these as usually/' occupied by 
the sncrislun, nnd sometimes pravide<i with tracery 
apertures through which the church could be 
wntched nt ni^ht." El«where Pugin refers to the 
'* many sjicristies in Rouen Cathedral nnd other 
places provided with a chamber in which the 
hehdoviarini who sung the chapter^mass remained 
during the week in silence and meditation." Wero 
there not stuiiLir chambers ia St. Mary RedclilTe / 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i«-s.viLjA,.i3,'i 


8«« Putin's pTfneitt SliiU of Eccl(4vutifal Arcfii- 
tidurc in England (IS-i^}, i p. H* aad 1(H). 

Stui ems. 

Russian for Honodr (C** S. ti. 229).— My 

HtiRsiara diction:irv ^ives six words for konetur, 
but ouly oDe for bribery, H. S. Oiiaiiwock. 

"The Lawlvss or Wiiispkrixo Court" (<*"■ 
S, vi. 3G5). — The followioii is ibe form in ihe 
court rolls of the mrtnor for lioldiu^ (lie court : — 
'•KinKB Hill in Rocl<fnrd, S.S. 

Curia de domino rcge 

DioU sine lege, 

Tenta e«t ibiilcui 

Per ejuidam coniuetudincni, 

Ante ortuin sotia 

Luc^^'kt nifii polui', 

Nil nciibic nisi colia. 

Totios viluerit, 

Galltv ut cantarerit. 

Per cujui s ttuin snuitum 

Curia cat numniotiita, 

Clamat cinni pro rvge 

In ctiriu pine ItrK'*, 

Kt tiint citti veiicrint. 

Citiu» jiupiiituerini ; 

Kt iiiii clam acccdant. 

Cjria noil atteodat; 

Qui veneiit Cum luralnf, 

Kirat ta reRiniine, 

Kt dtim Buiit fii«e luminf, 

Capti fiuiit in criiuinr, 

Curia line curn. 

Jurnti do injuria. 
Tenta ibidem die Mcrcnrii (tnte dtem) proximo prst- 
featum oai cti Micliaelta Arcliarit;eli, atiu» repni rPlri^ 

Chelmjfonl. 1772. ^ 

The punctua'.ioo does not seem to be correct. 

This cn«toni is described in BAilej's Diciionaryy 
edition of 1736: — 

" Lawlewi Couri («o called bMatWP held tit an unlaw* 
ful hour), n court lirld rtt Kinit's Hall nc KoclTonl in 
£uex. on lh« Wednc»diiy nrxt nft/r e»rrv Michnclma* 
Bar, at the cnck tro»ii.ji, liy (Up I<Md of ihe manor nf 
Balei|;h. 't'he steward and luitori whi^ptr tn gacH 
other, and bive ii» randlef. tr any pen and ink, but 
tupplj' tliat I fijce with a ci>al. Anil Ite that owr« t uU 
and HcnDco i<> ihii court, und nppMir* nttt, furreits to 
tbo lord doul'lr hik rent, every liiiur lie if absent." 
A Himiliir ttceouul of this court, printed bv HpHrne 
from the Dodaworth M.SS. in ihv Jiodleinn. 
Yol. cixT., U given ia Wright and Barllelt'a 
Siitory of EutJt. 

Edward H. Marshall, M.A. 
[8«e alao " N. & Q./' 5"' S. Tt. 40», 455.] 

TiiK ExTiNCTio.v or PicT]su (e*** S. y\. 241, 
3l<i}. — I woidd reconitiirnd Mussiis. Jokics nnd 
Parky to ^icmnine »he new work enlitU-d Cthic 
£i-i/Min, bv Trof. Rhy»i, a perfectly in^'^nuons, 
learneil, nnd ftuj^geitive little volume ; it heart 
T«y cloflrly on Ihe nhove itnhjci;t» hut I do not 
ttOOept tbt Dlithor'a coucIuAioua. The theory ia 

that Britniri ili a name is from a primitive 
hrxxtf ft nij,', clout, or clolh (jee Bitley'a Dic- 
(ionntiy) ; no the Britonn ^\erd a clothed peoiilc* 
nppMrcnlly from the enrlieM times. This eutnu- 
mtuttc Celt defines ihrep ritcfH: — 

1. Neobthic, non Celtir, called iTominn*, and 
subHtiintiully primitive LuBqiies ; uucIolb«d, nve 
iu )<kins. 

2. Goidels, nn early Celiii: invasion by people 
usinij c €ix eh for ^u, qv=p or b. 

3. BrythoD^, a later Critic inrasion of clotb- 
dad people, using p or h^e, ch^ qu^ qv. 

At p. 2C>8 it isclenrly deHned that lbe«e Brytbons 
represent the third liiyer of pnpnhilion, hetn^ cloth 
clitd, nnd it in Assumed thut they tli>H cnntmated 
with the unclothed, non-Celtic, Iberinn Neolitbs ; 
but at p. 213 we find ihut these Neotiths have 
been already Bupersedcd by GoidcU at the date of 
the later inviiJiiou, so on this Gijidelic population 
is superimposed the third hiyer of Bryiboas; hut 
if the GoideU were ulrewly cloth clad ibey would 
nUo be Brytbons, so how could the distinction of 
name arise ] If the distinction of name ia sound 
it follows .that tbe Goidelio Celts were still UD- 

the author's conclusion ia that the Picts were largely 
non-Cekic, i.e., Iherinns, and that tbe language 
is irrecoverahle; but he jjathera from Bedii and 
others that the words quoted were only adopted 
by Picta, and not of Picti^h origin. Pict, be 
further states, means painted. i. £,, tjutnoed, nnd he 
thinks that nil three races did tnltoo at one time, 
eren the cloth-clad Brytbons; eu the true Picta 
are of nil three nationalities. Picti»h. then, should 
becidled Iherian, fnr, wheie non-lberjitn, it would 
be Goidelic or Brythonic. It »e«ntH to m« thai 
the whole theory collapses at p. 270, where it is 
assumed that the pre-Koman Brythnnic wns p\ icily 
the same na the Koinnni/<^d (J'yHirio of Wales. 
Now, oiisiiminc that the Brythnnx arrived some- 
where about 2<X) B.C. and that Cymric was relloed 
in Wales by Cuneddn nnd his Christianized booM- 
hold, circa 410 A.U., we b.-vve nn interral for muta- 
tion of (iOO years. Consider the diH'orencp we fii 
between the English of L]Ln).dund, Cower, 
Chaucer, and that of Mitcnulny. Dickens, 
Trollope. I do not dmiht th;it Prof. lUiya w( 
recogntze, con)pare, nud cntupridieud: but 
nhdia Betia ? It lUwn not fullnw that the lal 
knowing something of WcrUh or British rtr^ai 
as reformed by Cuueddii two hundred years 
viously, could reeo^Miixe it a? biih^tnntialty 
he called PicLi»«h, »ix , n4 I cr.nclu'ie. the ni 
formeil Bryihouic »|rreob of Piciluod in Jy 
Britain. A* 

LiutTRU fC»» S. y'l. HO. airi, 2Sfi,4T3).— Til 
of the pointa mined at the l.iit refrrrnc« I Wf 
reply as folluwfv Thnl eomhi^ ixyul.vd ineinioi 

8. vH. j«. 13, 830 NOTES AND QUERIES, 

and declirities as well as depressions luny be ieen 
on reference to Jamie^on under "Coomb," and 
there i«, I lliink, other evidence of a double sense, 
the reiuon being, or it seeniv, that ihc ideas are 
roirelfttive. Bui whether the primftry meaning be 
that of hitth or low, the antilbeais which I pointed 
out still reruuius. The frequent recurrence of the 
word ID nniues of phicea in what niny be called the 
raoat Celtic parts of Kn^land may be due to the 
fact that there the occasion for its use ia mostly to 
be found. I imi, however, ulud of the opportunity 
of modifvinv: what I staled so far as to say that 
rhe word may huve Wen common to the Celtic and 
Teutonic lan^unges. It is certainly found in all 
the latter as lueaniiif; a hei^fht. and were it foreign 
to the former it nmy be observed that it is not 
unnitDal that peoples and places should be called by 
n&mes given them from withont, as witness the 
Crreeks and, it ia said. /Ktna (fire), so called by 
Pbwnicinn niwicators, The full word Ctfrnryoccun 
ia aubnluiice iu the iMauds of Cumbrae.a fact which, 
in my opinion, telU against its being composite. 
If it meitni f^llow>i. hnw, it may be asked, was its 
iif^e restricted to hi^hlamls and absent from other 
Welsh territory / 1 may add that tho question 
whether it be connected with the Cimbri und the 
OimbricChenioDPite h:u often been asked, and I urn 
inclined to think that there may be such a con- 
nexion, in ibe sense of a land stretching; out into 
the sea. In any coab I am fi^Ud that Lloegr is 
re{^rded as Aryan, and the illuatratii-e instances 
given cf the use of covib are a valuable contribu- 
tioo towards the study of the word. J. Parkt. 

With reference to the derivation of Cymrp, it 
may be nsefui lo have a confirmation of the fact 
that c*rmbf means n v(il!cy, nnd not a hill. Combe ia 
the u»ual word for u Inlcrul valley in the high 
mounUuos of Dauphim^ iu $ou(h-Eut France, and 
abo occurs in certain parts of Switzerland (e.17,, 
Combe d'AroJln], and, ] am informed, in the 
EnKlr«h Lake district and the I>Ie of Wight. In 
Daiiphiiie I have always faken it to be a Celtic 
word of which cmn is the Welsh form. 

W. A. B. CooLiuaB. 

Utgdalen CulUgc. Oxfiird. 

McM fetfc S. iii. 347, 490 ; \r. 37, 376).— This 
beTerupe was the nubj^ct of some in(|uiry a while 
•go. The following \* the receipt for it., copied 
from the archives of Hrunnwirk in IG.HI, and 
printed in Uoughion's collections on Agriculture 
nod Traiie: — 

For a hoj;>.hend of sixty-three gallons.—? bushels 
of wheat tohU, 1 liuHhel oat maU. I bushel (,'Tonnd 
bean*, mnde as ordinary l>eer. While fennenting 
Add 3 lb. of the inner riml of the fir tree, 1 lb. 
tops of fir nnd btreh. 3 handKful of rnnfutin Hcne- 
dMttu, 1 handful of fiom toUt, U han-lful of 
bamet, betony, niarjofan),aven», pennyroyal, elder- 
.Aowcttf wild thjme, 302. cardamoms, 1 oz. bruised 

barberries. When the working is over, put in ten 
Dew-laid ei^gs in the shell. Drink at the end of two 

The readers of "N. & Q.^cati now try mum if 
they like. Jaxu JL Tsohold Ruobrs. 


NRWFANor.ED EXPRESSIONS (fi*" S. v. 3(15, 392 ; 
vi. 131, 176, 297»497).— The word 1 quoted was 
not " fribbled," which I never met and do not 
understand, bni *' frivoled," a word of recent intro- 
duction, which deserves encoan^fement, ns it is 
compeodiou!, iinplyin^r, in one word, that the time 
was spent in a frivolous manner. K. H. BcSK. 

A Distaff (6"" S. vi. 149. 277, 458).-It does 
not need to go so far as tiindostan to see the 
picturesque distatf in use. It still survives over 
the whole of Southern Europe. Within the last 
fifteen years thrifty women miyht be seen twirling 
thread from it, as they n^iked their children or 
merely walked along the way, in every street in 
Knmc. When I was eollecting The Folklore of 
Jiofiic, one of my contributors twirled na she 
narrated. Even within a year I have seen it ia 
use on the Aventine and in Trastevere, and ia 
country pjirU they twirl as they mind the sheep 
and cattle. It is, however, adopted always for 
linen thread in It^ily, and not for cotton, except 
maybe somewhere south of Kaples, where cotton 

There is one important incident of the process 
omitted from the minute account quoted from 
Hone's Year Book. To stick the hairy (ihres together 
in their place and keep a continuous strand the 
operator iu ohlijied to be constantly moistening 
her tinters at her lips as t-he twirls, "leading to a 
curious cpeculation as to how much saliva enters 
into the composition of every piece of cloth. 

a U. Busk. 

"QtT.^ESTioVa MAnaiLiT," &c. : IncnRy sivk 
Ikqukm f6tf S. vi. 148, 233)— There is a full 
account of this writer on the " Sentences " in tho 
latest French Biogr. Gen., torn, xxsiit., Par., 1S60, 
frotn whicii the following extract will explain the 
volume which Miss BuiiTOS mentions : — 

" Jeiin de Trttenbeim lui attribueuno I'lalectiqqe et 
lies Common tuirei «ur Ari«ton et sur P. Lombard 
Pnbricius »joot*^ qu« irs Cooifnentairei »ar les tjitatre 
'tr« 8<fiitence9 out 6i6 (lublica a ^^tra9bou^t{ en 1!>0I in you« cnnniRSon* en outre un volume publii it la 
Ha^e. 141)7, in fol , lii tc trouvent let deux premiers, 
livios de« Strntcnce* arec Ia glo»e de Msnilr- J'lu|;lien."-^ 

This is the volume which Mius Bcni'oN notit 
There is a copy in the Bodleian of this work, 
but not of the corumentary on the four b<»ok8. of 
which there appears to be a copy in the British 
Muiieuui. Eu. Maiisuall. 

ANTwnK» (G*** S. iv. 367, 542 ; v. fie, 7fl, 130 : 
vi. 130, 2fl7, 438, 476).— At the last of these re- 




fereoc^s it b sUled that tha word anyvshtn wm 
"used by old peopU'Mii Sarrey mmd© fifty years 
ago. Be it knowD, tfacrefare, that the words any- 
when and somtwhen are Biil] id daily hm among 
Surrey folk of all flgea. InstAncfifl in proof of thta 
have been ^\ven by otbers and by me; and vUb 
the aid ol*'N. & Q." Lbese oiefiil words ougtik 
DOW to tuke their plw^ in common English. 

A. J. M. 

The Legend qj the lers (6* S. ti, 49, 98, 
31B). — Sin<» my Kply to Abhba's query I bave 
met with a pas«;tge in Prof, de Gubemiitia's re- 
cently publiabed work, La Mythotogis dts Plantis^ 
ToL ii. p. £03j tinder the iiTticle " FId,^ which ma.j 
throw a little light on the aubjeat^ He aays: — 

" An J&pon, l« t)in ieinblo ibtn daTenuun lymbole de 

Urre // Ouifpont |Mil*n, 1&75J, ncnifttItcritfciMlcePt*inB 
uu^a Tjuptiiax: *iiu iG(]&ux boircnt, cb&cuD & sun tour. 
troie foii, troiM pctitei tmiaei d£ fa£<ri if>(TNin£ kh arbriMMeoM 
dt piK, I'loaAge d'uofl gi^e, uiie turtue, et un groupe qui 
reprvaente un rieux et un* viciHe dQTATini cdebm k 
trftTerk lei «L«^cIfli, a cftOBe do bonhfiur eDnjug'bl dont il» 
anient jqui pen-loLnt leurTie,nonjiQ6* T&ka-Pftgn-no-ei^g- 
babu. L« pin Bi^itie la p«rpCCuitc du genre bumaia tt 
la cotiattince danii Tatu'rur conjUjtT^I, puiiqu'il te couerrer 
toujouri vert^ mi-tnc jsoub la ncige ; 1^ jjiruo reprt-Kntd 
lebotiheur; U tortue e^t le tyrnbole d'uat lnngu« tip^ 
puiiijue L'on croit qae cet asitnai pent attttLndn I'Bg« d» 
dii milleatii.'" 

Tbta pas&igfl explains to a certaia eitent the CEym- 
boliam af the stork (oc ibi.><) and the tortoise, but 
it throws no light on what is meant by the serpent, 
onlesa eternity, of which this reptile is sotn^times 
the emblem, and the perpetuity of the human mce, 
ayoibolized by the pine, cau be coustdervd sjnony- 
moua. E. McC— . 

Ogrbss (fl»*' a vL 247, 290, 436; til 16)*— T 
owe nn apology to JIr, Wooi>WAitD a« well as to 
the Editor and to the readers of *■ N. & Q.^ for my 
strange fonsetfulnera in again dmwtag attention 
to A circumsiance I had already written about, 
nearly twenty yenn ago (3"* S, viu 417), in u note 
to which Mil. WooDWARO replied (3''^ S. rii. 483), 

HooK-Es'a " Amanda." 1G53 (6»^ S. viL 7).— The 
true collation of Hookes's ^ manda seeoiB to be 
pp. [26] (p. 1 '* Amanda/' 2 und 3 blank, 4 frootia- 
piece^ 5 title, 6 blank, 7-15 epi&tle dedicatory, IG 
blank, 17-26 complimentnry Teraes, on p. 26 dao 
errata) + 191 (sa^SO bbnk, 01 new title^pa^e, 
" Miscellanea Poelica, „.../' 02 blank* 07 has only 
" H *' on it, 98 blank^ 09 nii«printed 209 ; 102, 103, 
lOfl, 107, IKi, 111 miBprinted £02, 203, 206, 207, 
aiO, 211) + [1] (blank). The toUl number of 
l«iives ia theriitore 100 ; the aienatures A in d« a in 
4, B-K in SX 

Every one in therefor* wrong, including probably 
myself. Bohn's L4>icnd<t is wrong in not recoR- 
nixing the existence of the bJf-title; flazHtt in 

giving 109 leare*, whereas if there be an extra le&f 
of errata it would not be " included " in the 109-, 
bnt would form a 1 10th ; aod Cul, Prideaux (may 
he not be offended !) in saying that hi« copy ha^ 107 
leavea instead of^ on hU own Hhowing, 103. I 
hope that some other of your correspondents will 
prove me wrong by teitifying to the extftetice of a 
aepatBte leaf of errata. Soi, in the dark ways of 

** Sdndat le Qnbw «G in Bth«rs p^ur^t apertoni ! ^ 



Cdmeltso (60" a TiL 7).— "Dydo that founded 

Cartftgo was a comtiyngA and come fro Fenicift^ 
{Polycronicon, 1527, f- 18, ool. 2). R. R. 

Boston, Lincotnihire. 

D0FQL.1.S Familt (e"* S. tL 38S),~HERaiEH^- 
TRCDE asks about a niece of Jame^ £url of 
Douglas, who is supposed to hare married a Percy, 
and is mentioned in a Patent RoUof IAB5. There 
were two Earls of Douglas of the name of James. 
The second earl, who was killed at Otterbum 
(1388), had one (half) brother, the fii»t Earl of 
Angus^ who bad only one d,%U(;hfcer, married in 
Scotland. The ntnth earl (d.' 1486) had £?e 
brothers, but none of them appears to have IumI 
daughters* In DoatrlM'a Puutfft of ScoUand no 
lady of the hou^e of Dau;:las in nientioned as har- 
JDg married & Percy. There may be some in- 
formation in Crodacroft. But I remember looking 
in vain in G-odicroft for the Lady Joane, daughter 
of James; Earl of Douglan, who h said to hare 
married William, Lord Dncre (d. 1403). I shall 
be glad if any information can be given about 
either of these Pouglas hdies. Sioma, 

ROBEKS A5fD TlTI^B-PAGES (G''' S, Tl. 613 ; 

Til. 13). — If I miBtake not, your correspondent 
will find seveml of them in tho works printed 
by the Flantina of Antwerp. When visiting 
that city three years ago 1 was greatly in- 
terested in spending a few hours in going 
round their old printing offioe^ now pur- 
chased by the city authorities and open to all 
comers. There may be aeei^ ori^^inal aketcfaes 
for titles, the coppcr-pktea from which lh«y were 
printedf nnd even tiutogrnph letters^ I believe, of 
Rubens himself relating to Iheni. 

Gkokqk TJmwht, 
Cbil worth, Surrey. 

Was a Kiko jteh Dbowsed 1 (6»* S. v. 4S7; 
Ti. 34, 15$, 296, 496.)— 

**Tbo legenda of hyp lyfe [Edward the Canfeaterl 
ielletljt that b4 beynge at tnuse in the dijrrvhe oT 
wciitmjniiter rppoa & wliyturnduye. in tbe tyin« i>f the 
kuncyon fif tlio ^crament ho lin^liit. wheruf the l&rdes 
beyn^B pboute hym montftjliril grBntlj^ »nd after fraynedl 
of hvm the cAuse, wh«nt'co he unswered and snyde, that 
the Danyi wyth the Konvay» of one UHnte w«re pust' 
poHd to haoe comen IqKo tbys Jaode^ and hare have 

«»8.vii.jii..i3/.3.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


italun prajM. Dut im tlm Wyngo of Diinj^s ; 
«nireJ hy#6)iTp, Uo Ijll into tlt« le* and «v»-f 
10 ib«c I ininte in my iin,va iltfj iliatl not, nor i.. — 
vtnkuncert nmke iinv ivarre in thU Unde.'*— Fu);*!!'! 
VhrontcU, 1W3, f. 18i. col. 1. 

Bocion, Lincolritliiro. 

IfOniA II.» Kint; nf Hanjfnry, was droTrowJ, 
A.D. I52ti, after the Imtrle of Mohftcn, where the 
llnnff.nrianB were defeated hj the Turks under 
Soliti)]in the Mit^nilioenl. L. L. K. 

?ioriU Vcctihj, EksI Vorkihire. 

PaosuKciATiow or FonnES (G'*" S. v. 209, 310, 
397, 417, 4UH; ri. 35, lfi7, 437, 476).— Cf.— 
"SigRorrsKi* Fortnut tl forts Annano, 
Cba di b'MDCo e di ncro 4 U Vandiern." 

Orlando Furioto, », 83. 

I do not quote from the oriciaal text, but from ;t 
foot-DOte in Sir Arcbibuhl AU»oii*b Autohiography^ 
rl8S3, vol i. p. 233. 

WiLLiAU Ggobok Black. 

1, Alfred Terrace, Glasgow. 

ViGSKTTE Cards (6"" S. ti. J06, 178, 277).— 
Amon^ some curdp^ &c., of the lost ceatnry uIotiR 

Uh fjiiiiily n■lic^ I have one benutirulh- co^mved 
YiftitiD); card of Richard Twis*, the tnivd writer, 
who was n great friend of my fnther, though a 
xnnch nlHcr ninn. It mensuren £A in. hy 1 } in. 
It hiM an outline border with it U Orecqut corners, 
Wyond which at the two top corners arc two 
Ktrtmit-lookioK riogB, from which do|>endB a wrenth 

t of flowers and grapes intertwined with a strip of 
dmptiry, in the folds of which is engraved " Mr. 
Twisa"; both drapery and garland throwing; a 
telting shadow. Wbut is most remurkubte about 
it (considering tbe present state of url in Spiiin) 
\% that it ia signed *' Carinona sculp*. Madrid, 
17d3." R. H. Bosk. 

Siifun. Jacksow Pratt, 1783 (6* S. y\. 149, 
21 2).— If the author of Tht Purtnilii of Literaturit 
may he trusted, the author of GUnnings, Ac, 
ori(cin:i]ly cnlted himself Courtney Melinoth. lo a 
iiot« appended to tbe tines, 

*• Witnesj ton /act of nit htidtA, Pmll yclept, 
Wlio oft has ranted where be juit hat •irepl,'* 

in Th4 Gtav^ a Satire, printed withont date 
(about 17(H)), it U stated timi Mr. Pratt 
'MlTe<l himny yeart with Mm. Mflmotl!, ivhoie talents ai 
■Tl iictre*^ were of »Qch reM'Cctnliiliiy ai t" procur** a 
Ct<mforlbble Butwlstence for hcr-ilf nnd friend. But 
their extrnTiignnce rendered it nectsjary for the 1a5y to 
()uH a regular coinimny, and tliey trarellrd Urgt^ther in 
,.,; .... "1 n.ttot^rn tliroiinh EtiuUnd and Wales. Some* 

' Id f(irtun*'«nnd Melmoth tooktl-e money; at 
' )md public lectures; iind Ht Swansea they 
It irA){e>I^', and ■cluiilly e»t twenty pnuiidfl. 
V (.llicr Rctor, itauo-Kwec|K-r, i»teiiir-tliifl*r, or 

I Tfr but tbemfelvre ; Pmtt hetn); at sll of 
^' n:. V: .':\'t ibfi first, an auiazlni; adept." 
2Vi4 *;■. ,' ( ia not a common work, it is not nieQ- 


;ioncd in the list of T. J. Matbioa'i works given 
a Lowodes ; but the Bifi, Mnn.^ s.v. '* Melinulh^ 
Courtney,*' refers us to " Prutt, S. J.," who 13 not 
even mentioned in tbe proper place for his name. 
Aif BSD Wallis. 
fiS, FriarsaU, Derby. 

Hair Tunxiifo simDENLT White (6*'' .S. vi. 
86, 134, 321)).— I do not think that the instance 
cited uL the first referenco of Marie Antoinette's 
hair having turued white in a single nighi can be 
adduced us a ca:ie in point. It is a well-known 
fact that her hair was origtDolly light coloured, 
and her complexion fair, but as for a number of 
years before ber death it bod been saturated with 
powder and pomatum, it most have changed its 
original colour considerably. There is a fine folio 
eograving of ber in existeooe representing a hand- 
some womnn in the prime of life, full lengthy 
wearing a '*hoop of monstroua size," having her 
hair riused to a great height by meuna of a cushion 
iinderneiith. In Tbiers's Hiiionj of the French 
Revolution, translated by Frederic Shobcrl, rul. i, 
facing p. 84, is a portrait of ber, giving the bust 
of a beautiful woman apparently thirty*fivc years 
of age. In this the hair is merely turned back 
from tbe forehead, is decked with penrls, and 
powdered. Madame Le Bran, who painted tbo 
picturo of Mario Antoinette in 1779, says that 
"the moat remarkable thing about ber face was 
the brUliancy of her complexion." This was at Iba 
age of twenty-four. John Pickkord, M.A. 
Newboume Rectory, Woodbridge, 

As Mr. Morlej has mentioned tbe circum- 
stance in his Lif4 of Cobdtn, there will be no 
JiDpropriety in recording a remarkable instance of 
this phenomenon. When Mr. Cobden's much- 
loved boy died in 1S56, it ia well known bow 
deeply bis mother felt her loss ; and Mr. Motley 
says (vol. li. p. IBl), *' Her hair blanched with tbe 
hours." EiiWARD U. Marshall, M.A. 

Salvin and Erodrick (Falconry in Ou BtiiUk 
lilts) say, in speaking of young pereprine-i, " The 
colour of tbe cere and eyelids is at fimt blue, 
which generally changes bv degrees to a yellow 
tint, and by the end of the first year bccoraea 
bright yellow." Then they add n foot-note, " We-; 
knew uu instance of it changing to yellow in on 
night." ALrtiotTSX KaTocLST. 

St. Jony the Evavohlist, Watlino Strei 
(e"* S. vi. iri8, 333).— This church was tbe only 
one in the City of London dedicated to St. John 
the Evangelist. St. John's in Walbrook and St. 
John's in Maiden liane, AlderFgate, were ded:f?ated 
to St. John the Bnptist ; the latter being known 
at the church of St. John Zachary (v ?,, the «on of 
Zacharias). All three churches were burnt in 
1666, and were not rebuilt. W, R. Tate. 

TValpoIe Yic&rago, Uatesnorth. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. (ff«.8.vii. ja«.i3,-83. 


A '•Li'.iaKn" AMB^^SAOna {CV^ S. vi. .109).— 
A hi^ir is an .'imli;w!»uH<>r. See HudJivai, piirt ii. 
fiantn iii. 1. 13!), wh«e R;itph!>, wiili ao eyeCu Hop- 
kiaa the wilcU-Hn{^t^^, usks: — 

" Han nnt thin pr^'^etit Parliamfnt 
A Lfjrr to tlie I'cvil »i?nt, 
Fullv ftiiitowf-rM to iroftt nbout 
Fiinitnif revylted vritclies out f " 

Fulltjr, in ihe Huhj Si lU^ p. 30G, distingnl^Iir* 
hotweon ua .in»h:i«iitlnr cttrnoniinnry and n. Inijfy. 
He 9!iya: ** Ho (the Embii-»''iidour) is either Exlni- 
onlinnry fnr soiHe one ACiir with tim<^ liinitei! ; 
orOriiinurie fori'enenill nuittprs. ritiririij his Princes 
pletwure, cointmtmly culled a LtijUT," ]ii his Church 
J3utory (b<mk iii., I h;ive rmt tlio exmct reference) 
he saya: " Ii y the wjy, i\ Nuncio ilitftred fmm a 
LejfMte', alni'Ht as s\ tA((]''-r from an exlranrrtimiry 
Amb:i4sad*mr." He u*fa the word nietaphoricilly 
in the Holy 'itate, p. ;130: '* How mcrcifnl \i He 
to auch who not out of Uigur malice, hut. sudden 
ptt-wion/' *^-c. Johnson Bailt. 

Pallioii A'u'iirage. 

A Uiger or hilger (Diit. Ugytr) is nn An>ba^8fl<^o^ 
who hes (A.-S. liejan) or rettides in » forei;^!! 
country to ^<iard the interents of tiia owti sovereijiiD. 
It was FioiiiPtimes corruptly written liagutr ; wee 
my Folk- Etymology ^ p. 211, where I riiiole the 
followiniq;: — 

*" Kural xhades nre the Bwcct sense 
Of piety and innocenee ; 
They are the meett'i calm re^ii^n, where 
Angels -IcflCirnd ami rule the splicre ; 
Wdea IIeari;ii I'leg leoi/utr, niid tlio L)ore 
Duoly aa dew come* from above.' 

11. Vausl:an, Sacred I*<Hm$, 1^0, p. 22fi 
(ttepr. 3Sr>8). 
*Sip Henry WoKon'i je«t U explanatory. *An Am- 
buiador ia an honest man tewx, to /yf nhroad fir tho 
CammonwrallU ' (/Ifh'-jutti Wottiinlrniir. 1072). Ho a 
Utif;er (hook) is ono th <t lift ita ly at hniid vn the depk 
<cf. O.Enp. «t rt)((rfyr), imd l'.d<jer-hnii 1b nno ihat lies (it 
rest or fixed {It. WaUun^ Commute A njUr, p. Gi, Ke|<r. 

'*■ N'eiTfi* of my rrorinng Worlte Thnt slccpe is 

dfnthi /«iy^v.nnilji*iica'l(mr.' — Sir T. Oyerbury> Strrx, 
p. 189 (ed. Kiinhault)." 

Wiilton Hue, rit) ^ives this definition, "Yon aro 
to note that I avU that a Udjer which is fix'd, or 
made to rett in one certuiDe place when you tiliall 
beubflent."* A. Smttbe PaLMKit. 

Lcacrort. Staines. 

"In St. Cfthnrin'? Cree Church, Lcndonhidl Street, 
there i« k uiOTiiinient tlie imcription on which ta.yi: 
' Here lyeth the hody of Hir Niolnn Thnikmnrt'i>Ti, 

Knight Arabtt«i'l-ir-/.t''//fr in tlie tJueen'B .HajePty 

t^iiBtn Elixaht-th. An*! alter hii reliini iiito EniElanJ. lie 
WN9 tent ainbnnailor a^^tn into France, and tnice into 
Scotland."— AVrr I'ttw nf London. 17u3. i. Ig3. 

The uionument is atdl in the church. 

R. P. S. 

Tho definition of I/grr m given in KIchoU'* 
jjJUtiOQ of Hudibrai^ huwever correct us to part ii. 

CJinto iii. I. 139, would in the majority of instance* 
be iiu^IciLdiDg. It is elated to n-.ean *'a witch- 
ander." F. W. J. 

This word is also upRlt Hfger^ Ui(^fier^ ttdgcr, &c. 
If. i* used by Slmkenpeare in Cymhdiju, 1. t. 80. 
Of. Nured for further pxaniple^ of the \i»e of the 

wnTii. F. C. filRKBECC TbRRT, 

Ctirdiff. ^ 

" Z^ffci" /umbaMadnrs wore such as remniitfd for 
sorne lime at n forei^jn court; f«'0 feigtr in isliak. 
Mem, III. L 59."-Skeat,K^t/)n. />ic/ ,ii,i;."Le<lKer." 
Waltkii W. Pkicat. 

A U-iger anibaflsador h n resident iimbansador as 
disliniiuished from au cxtniordinary one appointed 
ou a special mission. Sauukl K. Gardisek. 

YnirrNo (G'*" S. vi. 185, 299;.— Mti, Holland 
i^ lint (jiiiiQ otirrect about t'otciN/?. Tovoict a pipe 
ia n ttichniciil exprpBsiDu, and has been ton^ in usa 
nniiint; origan huiUiers. The pipe ia voiced first 
iiiul lh)?ii tuned. By voicing i& meant giving tho 
pipe Its tone ; by tuoiny, giving the pitch, 

H. A. W. 

" From pri.LAR to post " (5"" S. iv. ICO, 358 ; 
G^^ S. vi. 337).— There can be little doubt that 
thia phniae wua in common nse throughout the 
sixteenth century. 1 have frequently met with it 
as u proverbial expression in the later black-letter 
lilerjititre. U occurs, «.^., in a little hook o:dIed 
A TrfutiMfur all skcA us are Troubled in Myndt 
or hadit by Andrew Kiogoamyl, 1&85. 

C. M. I. 

Athcnicum Club. 

The following is an early use of this proverbial 
expression : — 

" Thffv that «b11 nwoy theyr rentoj and landes, 
Aud he*towflth k for to be mcrchandet, 
An-l nU4:-ntr«th tyll tlicm hsue all lost, 
And inn«"vleth alwuv/m pyln- In )tnit." 

The ij'yr. U'n^lo the Hpyttei livtm, r. lEHSl (>) 
(Uailitt. Pop. Joetry. iv.66). 

In J. Heywood'a IWoverbd (1646) the pbmse is 
reversed : — 

*' And/t ow poll to pilltTt wife, I hare b*'pn toat.'* 
P. 01, reprint 1&74. 
F. C. BiiiKUEcK TEiinr, 

naiTtt xaXeiTtt rh. Ka\a (fl*"* S. vi. 470).— Dr. 
Dnrnfy qmiicH the pn»verb jnaccunitely by pre- 
fixint; TTiirrrt. In tlte common form it is of 
rret|uent occnrrence. The ori;^in of the «aying ia 
cr>nnexion wirH the wise men of Greece, to which 
Mb. Julias Maiisiiai.l refers, is thus slated: — 

XaAcTtt Tn, KaXii : llap0(/iia, ■q'^ fi(jiii)7ai KOi 
UKurtuf 'KA.€v^n Sk tt'T^vOiV U€pUtvSpov 
Toi* i\opti'fnov K(iT ap\tis fiiv etrai oqfioTtKov. 
{uTTtpni- f.€ T7/1' -rpoaifJttTiv /iCTti/jaAcii', teat 

Tt'paVl'lKuV UTTO StffXOTLKOV y(Vt<r6<li' H<ti TUVTO. 

IIiTTaKoi' TrvOufAivov tov MiTvKrjvalov, Kal 


«.ii8.vii.j.».:3,'83.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Ufravra vtpi t^? airr^c yi'w/iji?, (^i»y<a' Tore 
•pai'i'oui'ro MirvXiivattav, 'AAXa Tri'i'tfai-o- 
ti-wt- 6*' rjv atrial' dt/iitrraTo t>/S t^oufrias, eiTreif 
ov lIiTTUKoi'j'Iis upa vaA.€7roi' «(r6?Xo»' (ftfAevai' 
/iiVarra 5t«t ra (Ti'/xpuiTu Tfj> Tle/jiai'iytii 5v(r- 
VCMtrraTOi' <?i'at Tifpijirat rijv eraiTOu yviaur^v. 
2.oXun'a ^k Tavrn. irvvOttvuutvov etirtii', XaA«7ru 
Ta KaAci* teal <i'T€iI^<i' «i9 irapoi^iav iX&iii'^ 
'AAAoi 6c Ty XaAiiror aKovov(nv ivl tqv 
'dSi'VOToi', 'ASi'i'UTOv o^v c'l'ai «</i* ajravra 
ayaOoy.—Gnhf., Parotm. Gracy Prov. Z«oob., vi. 
3S, p. 388, OxoD., 1836. 

PJuto, as ii meotioDed uKove, usea the proverb 
frequently ^e, g., near IhebeKitininpof the CniUjlns: 
at the end of the Hippian Mnjor; in the fDurlh 
book of the Itrpitblie (p. 436 C. fol. Steph.). 
There Duvie« and Vaughan have the IraDsItiiiun, 
** But pcrhikpB, Socrates, the coimuon sAyioK is 
true, that the beiiutiful is difficult" (p. 138, 
Cnmb., 1868); and in the sixth book (p. 407 D), 

I where the tmnslAtion is, " AccordiDg to the pro- 
Terb, heiiutiful thiDK** i»re indeed hard of uttaiD- 
Dient " (p. 2L5j, Plutarch alao uses the same 
proverb (De Liberit Educ, p. CC. fol.). The 
Xifktin IB, " DifficiHa qnx* ptilchru*' [Erasmus, 
Adag). Ed. Marshalu 



The Li/t of JoHntfiixn, S-i'i/L Uy llenrj Craik, JI.A. 

Mr- Craik Is to be oongnitulated upon hU mode ration. 
He hu givuD \a in oiio vulumc what most people, tw eut; 
or even ten yean fcgo, woiilil linve given u« in tno or 
tliree. It i* true thut bit t>uok, like tioMimitirs pfi.wtt- 
broker*! widow, ii "a little in tiesh "; but even ■> tuu 
iodulfcent oboiity is a trifling matter compared wUb tbe 
convenience resulting from & compact treatment. Of 
the biogriipliy itself we may #»y grnerally tbat, without 
erring m cbe direction of over minutencs*. it givei a 
fairly copioue and intercBtirig and well-proportiuned 
account of the great Dean hi a stylo that is always 
fluent, sometimes auim&tcd^ and. especially in the pic- 
ture of the closing yearii, graphic and vigorouR on occa- 
sion. Nor is it entirely wicbout fresbnes-i, 3[r. Craik, 
besides baling acceu tn the material collected by ibe 
late Mr. Forsler, now at 8outb Kensington, has been 
lucky enough to happen upon some now letters from 
tjwift to Lord Orrery, somcof Lord<Jrrcry'8ro<'mfiranda, 
some lelten fruni Deane S^ift, some letters from Swift 
to Major Stopford, and oth^ir documents. To present 
any detailed account of hia laVours in these cotuinnts 
would be imposaibtc ; !ind mo can only touch upon the 
treatment of two of tho riddltrs of Swift's career, bis 
vertigo and liis alleged marringe. With regard to the 
former, Mr. Craik, like Mr. Leslie Stephen, adopts the 
entirely AtiBfactory theory enunciated by Pr. Itiicknill 
in /lituii for January, lh82, vis., that tiwift's lifclfnig 
afHiccibii n&a due not to growing insunity, but to n par- 
ticular diMia^e in (ho r^'gi^n of the ear, to wbich moilern 
medical science Kives the name of Latj/rintkint vtTh'tfo, 
With the npproacb of uld at:e this produced parulysis, 
and to parwlyiii Huccofd^d the dementia which chmiic- 
teriied Switt's lutter days. As to tbe alleu;ed marringe 
«Uh Stella, 3[r. Craik Igldi that it took place— indeed, 

assumes it to have done pn. and argues thcrofron. Tut 
WB doubt whether even bis careful array of argunientH 
will carry conticlion to thoeo whose eympatbiea inclino 
to the other side of tbe dUputed i)nestion. With theat 
what the two persons m^.-st concerned said will always 
have more weight tban ADytliing said by others on bcrr- 
B»y or otherwise. 8»vift writt-e to tftella in 1720, for 
instance, four years after tbe supposed marriage :— 
*MVilh friendihip and esteem pnuest 
I ne'er admitted Lofe n {"ueBt," — 
a most wanton and needless ciiupli>t to address to one 
who was secretly his wife ; «t)d of whom, moreover, in a 
sketch of her character written immediately after her 
death, for no eye but bis own, he uses uo word to suggest 
that roltttiunsbip. Then 8ielU auain. in her will, dated 
I7".l7,beiiueatliing** her soul to the infinite mercy of Ood," 
does nut scruple (according ta the marriage theorif>is) 
to lylngly declare hereelf •* a apiiiRtor." If to this it be 
Hdded tliat Kebecca Dingley, who knew both Swift anil 
Esther JuUufon and did not spcnk on hearsay, lauj^hed 
lit the idea of any concealed nniim, it would seem iliac 
nothing short of a mountain of proof could establish the 

The A nf <>ne Liturplf af tkt CkurtA of JSn^jland according 
to the Uttx fj Sm-um, Vori, J/trcJord, and JJant/or, and 
tht lUxman LitH-njy. arrunyti/ »« j'uraUti i^olnmvi, 
M'tth Preface and Notes by William Maskell, M.A. 
Tiiird Edition. (Oxford, Clarendon Press.) 
TiiK fiist edition of this important work was issued in 
1S4I; it was quickly followed by a second in ]S4€. 
beautifully printed by Fickvring. The third edition, 
lHt4^1y iwued, like its predece^ion, leaves nothing to bo 
desired in the ^^ay of paper or of press work ; is. peH aps, 
even superior in some retjHcts, ax tbe notes are printed 
in a much larger type. l).iring the intervHl which baa 
<-lapseJ between the second and the third oditiuns the 
author bns become a Roman Catholio, and the eifrcts 
of his change of religion are observable throughout ihe 
work. Comparing the later editions, it will he seen that 
chapters v., ri., and vii., ari>l jirent part of chtiptcr viii. 
of ihe Introduction to the second edition find no place 
in the third; whilst erery passage which could be taken 
as censurini: modern Honian usage has been carefully 
removed. Tbis will t>e considered an advantage or a 
difadvautage us the render may be a member of the 
Anglican or of the Roman communion. Dut there can 
bo no doubt that the ^alue of the work has been very 
greatly augmented by the minute and careful revision to 
which the noice have been subjected throughout A 
large mass of new und important mutter has bc-en added. 
We would especially direct atteutiun to a few of tbe 
niQfft interesting addition*. At p. 23 ii a reference to it 
curious accouta in the Canci'ha of a royal charter being 
sealed and contirmed in the presence of King Henry 11. 
during tho Introit nf th«* Moss; at p. £0 the custom 
of sitting to hear the Epislle read is shown tn be very- 
ancient by an extract from a writing of Abbot Rupert in 
the eleventh century ; at p. 134 is a notice of a peculiar 
rite, the elevation of the host before consecration, ob- 
served st Sarum, Ilangor, and York ; at p. 167 is an kn> 
teresting note on the corporal oath, in which It Is ob- 
served thnt when, in 13t>0, ueace wu made between 
l-Mvsttrd III, and Charles V. of Franco, Charles touched 
the paten on which lay the consecrated host. A mrdixc- 
val translation of ihe C^tnfiteor and Miscreaturat p. IG. 
and note* on the history of the canon of tho mats at 
p. 111. on the sacrinE bell at p. 138, on the interpola- 
tion in tbe Agnus Uei at p. 166, are particularly iu- 
atructivc. ShakapeuriHn students will find a note which 
Will be worth their iciditg st p, 170. Mr. Maikell cites 
the pMsage from H<Hry T., HI. v.:— 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i»»s.Tn.jA..i3;'88. 

" Fortane is Bard Afth.*M foe, and f rown* on biro. 
For he h&tb a'-ol'D a pax, and bangeJ uiuat *a be," 
*n4 dec:dei that tiie reading " pax,'' adopted hy Mr. 
Djce ' IT. i'/ji and otbera, is to be jireferred to tbe " pyx " 
cfnine earlier edi'ions. The extended and more nnnier- 
f>a4 q-iOThtioDi from tbe Lay Folks Man Booi, i«faed 
by tb* Early«li Text Society, and tbe reprint of 
Tm Ordtr of ('« CbfimHarcn, IMS. arc welcome addi- 
tioni to tbeToluTT.e. Mr. 31&ekeil is refolred tliat tb? 
TejT&acb aa to the want of leamirif: of tl'<e nitd'XTal 
print shall not be allowed to paas witliout retaliation. 
He printi the following example of Anglican ignorance. 
"an example.'' ho says. **witbin my own memory": 
" The rector of a imalf and remote parish in Dorset, a 
nci:;hb'>ur of mine in tbe year 1S3?. rea-lin? tbe »cond 
erenin? lee»on, told his congregation that Se. Paul be- 
s'ju^bt PLilecaon for his s ^n. 'one SimuP, whom he hid 
begotten in his bonis.' " It is not erery one who would 
reognize Oneiimus under this strange dis^ife. Cer- 
tainly no liiurgical student should be r.itliout this book. 

Old Yorhkirt. EJited by William 8mith. With an 
Introduction by William Wbeater. f Longmans & Co.) 
This is tbe third volume of a mort u«eful seriea. York- 
shire bas no county history worthy of tbe name. tb<^ugb 
■ome p>irt" thereof have been itlustrat»^d in a manner 
Ijeyond our praise, iiome time we may hope that the 
wKoleoftfae f-hire will be described and bare its early 
history unrMlleJ. fo that any intelligent person who is not 
an antiqitary mav be p'it in such a p siti*>n that lie mxy 
h*: able with' bu: Iiitte trouble tn find out what he requires 
concerriing the more remarkable erents that hare aOected 
his own particular ncigbbourbood. Olf Vw hhirt is doing 
Tery cood work in this direction. The papers therein 
are of various degrees of Talu^. ti^me might be picked 
r>ut which do r.ot seem worthy of their surroundingy. 
These are but few. The greater part of tbe volume 
ehAws serious work* and a knowIedt:e of the lines on 
which history ought to be constructed. We would 
draw sf*ecial attention to tbe li»t (continued from a 
former T-')!u;iiej of the papers relating t<^ Yorkshire in the 
Arc^i^'tU'-j-.n. That work is a mine of local informati>m, 
but comp*!ete Kts are to be foimd in very few privnte 
libr.irie-. and the informntiin c mtainei therein is oi'ccn 
unknown to those to whom it would be of tlio mo$t 
value. Tbe biogniphies of Y'orkshire worthier whifh 
arc scatterel through the volume will be f^mnd most 
u*eful. We meet with some old frienils there whi>ee 
nhmea have not g>t into bio^nphical dicti>marie«, but 
whrj did more for their fellow crciitures than some of 
those who hare been honoured by much posthumous 
laudatiim. The illustrations are cf various deiirccs of 
merit, but. taken aa a whole, they are tbe nenkr.-st part 
of the bor-k. Do the editors think that the portrait of 
John Harrison or tbe view of Waltnii Hall can Rive 
pleasure to any or.e ? Scott's Marmi'm is misquoted on 
p. 14. It Mems to be a lefson very imperfectly Icarut by 
the great nmjority cf the writiii'g public that extracts 
sliould always be verified. 

Th€ Proc«eding$ of rt« Acadewv of Xfffnral SrUti'Vi' of 
Ph.!a4(fr.hxa. Elited by Kdw:ird J. Nolan, 31.1'. 
(Philadelphia, Offices of the Academy ) 
With tbe commencement of Use ytar there ProefMiinst 
ent*;red upon their fourth »ric«. Tsiiucd under the 
direcii'in of a PuMication Committee, the two |>nrtii for 
Januar^r-April and May-October, 1SS2, contain much 
matter of scientific nilae. eq>eciaUy r>r the geoWist, 
minerabtgist, aod botftniit. Occasionally the subjects 
discussed touch upon the field of history, as in the case 
of the notes ea Arior vit^t contrihuted to part ii. 
for 1S32 by Ur. Tbomu JAcchaa, who adraoces good 

grotmdi for its identificati:>n with TAh/i ocd^tniallt 
instead of Alia atbu. The itorv of tbe tfrst knowledge 
of tbe life-giving pr<->perties uf tbe tree which the 
Indians called *' anncdJa," imparted to tba dying com- 
panions of Jacaues Carrier, is full of path<4. and should 
Incito Xr. Meenan and bis brethren in th« Philadelphia 
Academy to further attempu at & satisfactory solution 
of the problem so interestingly raited in tbe pages of tho 

Tie FJl-l'ire Journal. Vob I. Part I., for Januaiy* 

15i3. (Stock.) 
Tde first issue of what promises to be a valued fellow- 
worker with " N. k Q* in tbe wide field so happily 
named by Mr. Thorns, and so closely associated alike 
with our'own past and present, needs but to be named 
to our readers for them ti appreciate its usefulness. Mr. 
Sibree on Madagascar folk-talet, .^Ir. Sayce on Baby- 
lonian folk-lore, Mr. Coote on a building superstition, 
and the Rev. Walter Gret^T on stories of fuiries from 
Scotland, make part i. a number of singularly varied 
intere«t, which should induce many of oar readers to 
give an early support to the FtllUte Jownal. 

The Christmas number of Our Conlinenl (Phila- 
delph:a\ the illustrated weekly magazine ably edited by 
Jud,;e T<turg6e, contains seme charming stories bitth in 
prose and verse. Amongst tbe former we must specially 
name *' How Katy opened ibe Door,** by R. W. Ray. 
moni : " A Chri*tmH« Eve in War-time." by E. P. Roe; 
anJ "The Christmas of a Poor OM Soul," by Nathan 
Kouns. Amottg the latter. '* l^y Yeardley's Guest," 
br Margaret J. Prcstmi, wems to us to bear away the 
palm, thoui;b, of course, in his tpccinl vt-in there is but 
one " I'ncle K^'uiu;." and he contributes a ranst cha- 
racteristic Net:ro soi.g, entitled "A SpirittuI," "Ain't 
you year dem Lam's a cryiu' I '' 

^ottrrtf to Carrctfpatilinitit. 

We witiir call tpteial atttntioHto tkefoHonting notiai.' 
05 all communication* must be written tbe name and 

address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but 

as a enarantee of t;nnd f:tith. 
We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. 


oil on tbe troubled waters **).— See " N. & Q.," 6ih S. iii. 
6y. '..12 ; iv. 1T4 ; vi. ;C7. 

C.>L. PRiDi:.vrx C'Hiwkes's .-iMnBrfa'*).— Mr. Robert 
RoWrt?, Ruston. I.inCiiIn«bire. tells u« that if you will 
apply t« *''»". 1*« **^^ write to you privately, giving full 

Z.— We must ns*-s you to repeat, owing to the time that 
elapsed before hearing from yotL Name and addresi 
should always be sent. 

McD. (" Ve»ti;:e» of Creation ").— See '* X. & Q.." l" S. 
x.4';0;5t>'S. xii.-Jir.'Jl'l, 018; ti>!> S. i. 325,335,478; 
vi. 114. 

Br.viTitWAiTE. — Wo do not understand the drift <^ 
your tiucry. 

Ci'Rr.t.iKWi-A.— ?. 1. 2. 1. i'l from top, for "desire" 
rca 1 (/■.<•.":</; and p. '^ col. -, I. 36 from top, for "tout" 
rend (aut. 


Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The 
Editor of 'Notes and Queries'" — Advertisements snd 
IbnincM Utten to '* Tbe Publisher"— at the Office, 20, 
Wellington Street, Strand. London. W.C. 

Wo beg leave to stato tliat we decline to Totam com- 
munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and 
to this rulo wo can make no exoeptlon.^ . 

6.*,i3/83.i NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Ever}/ SA TURD A T", of any BoohdUr or KeKsa^ent, 

Each Half-yearly Volume complete in itjelf, with Title-Page and Index. 







[EEVIEWS of every important New Book, English and Foreign, and of 

every dcw Eogluh Novel. 


AUTHENTIC ACCOUNTS of Scientific Voyages and Expeditions. 

CRITICISMS on Art, Music, and the Drama. 

LETTERS from Foreign Correspondents on subjects relating to Literature, 

Science, and Art. 

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES of Distmguished Men. 


WEEKLY GOSSIP on Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and 

the BmmA. 


*Ib bo conducted that the reader, however distant, ia in respect to Literature, Science, the 
Fine Arts, Moaic, and the Drama, on an equality in point of information with the best 
informed circles of the Metropolis. 

OFFICE for ADVERTISEMENTS, 20, Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. 

Publiahed bj JOHN C. FRA^'CIS, 20, Welliagtoa Street, Sknmd, London, W.C. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [«*s. vn. j.,.i3.m. 



Id 1 Tol dcBT #r«. »ith Hap uid lUufinUoBi. «tolli txtn.llA 


FO'^WtrK, P.R-n.s. fllih M«p sod ouojeriju* Dr»»li.|r« loiJ 
Ltttrri IQ i UMliniJ*. 

CmvD HTO. elotfa cztn, ISi. 

The BEaiNNINGS of HISTORY, according 

tc tt.« Itil-lc »ud tilt Trad llt>U« t<f (frji-LUl re..[»t,-i. FfOD 1 D 
( rt-nou ..( U»n I-. rl>»«e- Rj KHANOtIS LI^KdKM aNT. 
r-n-feifcor i>r Anbjvoloffr ■( the National I.ilirarr ni Fr^oon. Ao. 
iTr»' tUitd from tb* ^©i!i>nd Ffucli JJitioi..* WKh >it ttiirwdue- 
t'oQ }'r PHAM'IS BBWW.N. Ani«ut« rrufiHvr lu »<M<eal lU> 


I'MVEH'^F. hli'iwlof Vv i(.e»i.i p f lijir-niii'ii'* wli»t Littl't 
it. «bM Eliolriciir l«,»iiJ •li'<l l-tfe U; aI»j h,-w lu HfO'-i'-'tie 
ScUnoK aod KiUfiion. U* Mkjur W. bEDUWlCK, KuTftl £nfi* 
iiMr*. Cruwn hto. cloth Mtrk. priot 7a. *d. 

Now rrad]-, Iltiutr»tc<l,iama. tiuth, lu e<f. 

RAQNAROK ; the Age of Fire and Gravel. 

Hr KlSATICH DuNNELLV, Auilior ot -AUfculU: Hit AaW. 
4iluvUo Worli." 

I,*nre ^v. olvtfa citr*. Kilt top, unmit cilcei, iSa 


r.EuItfiK E. WiiMi.UKJIRV. win, w. lUii«tr»t|..tii. rlTlDH 
ilaftopl** fii'tit ili# FftT'iril l>ri<"t III tli« VirirrDil' r«utiir;- 
•hovtoc tb* OrldD of ihe Arl~4<>«Q \- tite rrMcDt Day. luolufl- 
iiut numy <>f ttw my AoMi £iAuipl«t uf Vt imaI ICatinTliis I7 
Urinff AnlvtA 

Crown Sm. dotli otrk if. 


1 toll croWD Svn. clwlh. SW 


ftod I ItKuUKItrii CaKBKk. Kt Ham* bdH at vht Aa**p^l't. 
Br ALEXANDER TULUEH. LK-(;i»uuUKivL»r of 1 ul)c« m 
Huuth Aiutnlik. 


Naw reAdr< 

By Lady Braasey, Author of 

ciuth rdri. with 11 Autotype lUnttntioiu, t\: Vtvm I'bLtu- 
ftra^lu ukui bf Col. MaaiVHoctlcr. 

K«ir Kft4r. rmiklt fnp. 4(9. cloth ntn. <r. 

SIR ROGER do COVERLEY. Re-imprinted 

tfotn ^ht Ht^tUitur. Willi 1!1 \Vo(sic'i<aen»r»*«l l.y J, 1<, Cowpei, 
Ir»ni dvttfo* t>r C. 0. Murrer. and with S|*«l LUbluir. 
"'Sir Ka(f> de Corertcf * U b tolntr Utile ilfl book."-^>*:CMlAr. 

NOWrWdf. lOlnLdcBTSTO-cloU) rxtr*,*!!)! a Partnit aoil luxe 

Jilap, 1«L 


AKIUi"*, IjTu.i 1S71»: a Mciri'.irof ttic l*l» ■ ..1, A *t'. lltimfsfd 
liU DtoLber, i.l«(jL-L'al. t:, liDRN* 

<ltt»al iburu'crt). Edltt^ bv liii 
rORU. I'uctriUI WBJ luf « Ma.p. 


Br Prof J Ki'llEKK. Tmoalttad ttMk tb« U«mua br M. V. 


Bf fiAVAKi> TCCKl-ftUAN. Ciuwu «fa. dutb txu». >«. ML 


I.KH V : K I rme*i ►"■•** on Ilir lt«li«ii i'i.-t.iry» liri uifibil It ih« 
Nat|.>n roDMrniiitf ISflir 4uti>ciiMcltr »"<< Ill*ton-: V.).i«< : lofla^. 
lQ«« Mol'caof lh< I'aibt'Ui* r-ivmlf Piiro'i4K<i at itir ■lamiiun 
H»k. Bt l>r. J. I'AlTi. MlCllTKu. K St.. Auilii.riif -Thp"i|5oifc| 
rfttaloiru* of tllo hil'alili I ■Oletfii (iallTry," Ac Illui*' .1^1 v|th 
■i^ ll«l'o«niTurM. "'n.1,1 Kinririiiirt, •n.l fclitngf fn mfdioni 
410. bvuud in bftlf-m^rtfcco, vitb |Llt eil«i, SL IM. uLi slwtb, A. %: 

Ultb m .re ItiKD 7M IIlaitntl<>tia, 

ART and ARCHEOLOGY: an Illustrated 

Ittf;tk>uarj uf tlic Tmiia tn-il m *rl an'! ArchvilnfV I'f J. *. 
*I'M.J.KTT, H *. With i'.out;>' Wood fciicravujir-^ '"oiwll 41a. 
•traiul/ bouud lu alotb, l!» {Mnvrtadt. 



FAINTING: English and American. By 

11. J WIl.MOT rCXToN, M.A..p.nd « R- KOBUtER. Wilk 
M llltulrtUDua. Cr^WD Sr j. olvtb csirft, M. 



TIAV. ITALIAN, ud TKfTONir Fdit*.! V.y E^W>«K^ J. 
P'tVNTKK. K.A. I|lu*lnt(»| wtib ITf Kn^rvTlnfi <>f the b**: 
Wurka rif th« lUUPt o«l«br«tcd ArUoU. SlTwUf 1/ bi^ULd lU Ototti. 
«llb|Utt«P,lM. t4. 



RodKK >MI ni. Fltl-0^. lil<i»lraUd ailh Ml I lurav im 
(}f ni«D; uf rl>e rausl tiiiporlcot &uil<iiitc>ou ik«Cuntinrut. Owt^ 
faifiiuK ft Ul«»arr <>( icctmiAl t« wida. Strectfir bouud m olotta, 
Wltb illtUp. 101. vd. 

London: SAMPSON LOU', MA1?ST0X. SEaRLK k RIVINGTON, 1 S3. Fleet Street. E.C. 

Pflat«d bj JOHN V FRANtMH. Atltrn^mm PrrM. TuoVa Ontrt. CbMrary 1.«nft, T..V. . ft'i4 Pal'lltbtl bf tt< •»(« 
JuUH C FKASCU, ftt N«. S'J, VVclliDft JD :ltrfet. aUftiid, W.O,-£a(«nfstv. yuniia''« IJ. L9S>. 



% Htcbttttn of Intercommunication 




"Wkmu fo«a4, «&kt a ■•%■ of."— CArTAiv Corruk 


Saturday, Jancaky 20, 1883. 

iUvutoTMl M a JVMMpaptr, 

SIMPSON (late of PUroford. Lineoln- 

mlnclft in4 ^opocnelitr. f'-mxtOtr of IH« " Lmeolu- 

lth Pfoturr Tr».lp«inrtr« Tok^tiB*" 4* . C'liitlc't.ii^ir tit 

. ■B'l«rt«kr« r^EARDRkK «t tli* Mrlt'a]) UuM^iin and 
B«ea. Term* ra'>4enkt«.-Ad<l<^M rr. sirkud. w.c. 

I8TKR.AT-LAW. LT..M. CanUb., offcni 

iMi tn Tneina Prdicnn. mkkin* Kn*«l)«t kidoiu the 
. IlM'BtisnDg Anelenl UnS..Ctlilln« rsnillT HiBk-rlr*. 
mrv Wotti T«rmmod«nto.-A<idr«uAKTlsiUARr. 

T CATALOGUES for Regi-toriog Booki 

r Lant, fur larr* «r imsll Libnrltt, from 3r upusnlf. 
CTTLF-S rNDCT DooK-*, for th< •utry. AfpS»l>»(. 
ir ^utjcot Mftttcr If uf kit/ neat, rrocn 4*. upwsnU. 
ER SCRAI'BOOKR, for U)« reAeptt«a of CalUan 
•■ of fum. puU, <ir iluci. frooa U M. upvudA 
rfpUrv List*, vilb ipvcinffs of th« I'rinUd UokitDfi, 
tmvm wldroMd wT»p|<«r utd atr*lop«. 
jBTTfl A Oa (lOmliMlt. Loudon BrU««. 


«LS th«! lt«T« bora ^raTe4 Ib CniUad, rtTiM Ibt 
lad LoooUtloo vhcft Ibt Tflotftton Und Prk* of tho 
L. fnim JAHEA COLBXAN, ». ToUcnbAm Tcrma. 
DO, TottoaliUB, K. 

:iE, NOTES A^^) QUERIES : » MeJium 

wnoiikallou t^i Lit^nrT Men. OcoKnl Ilfloden. ftud 
• VMnnraocmsuL, nurvmbcr. IMA, to Daecmb^r, ]ai4. 
•dnrM. ID pobltohtd C'oitn, doth. » toIl ?ott tckrco, 
AU N * SOU, Urlatol. 



Sold bt axl Statiovkhs. 

r. & c. 



Chluo Deamt Scrritea 


CbliM UtooerScnteM. 


Cbioa HrMkflut Scrnoia 


CMa4 T>« SCTTltth 




CbiBft Onuncala. 

tatwkAm : Mftotil 

rkoftorr. BiMd KUpoU 

■••J novaoMM. 

leo, tisfoiM stmk W 


H^pomtyt Ibo fintlib MuMaini, 

k Pftmpbi«L. fnt br poit. cxplAMiorr 





OBU. FIKDLEIl'^ catalog DK.Ito.U. DOW nadj.mua 
A»p\i ». DWhStfMt. htiamUt. 

ft Ibff SKAS'lX.-Thre* boMllfiil Ci'^ ■CK 

PAT\riS<i< ^f Ihi Ai.4>leut tad " Crrr > 'ti»- 

OATIIi:iin.«Ii of »:XKTBR. u>w fint 1 . . . r'a 

MS., AP. ]6»4. 1. St f«,d»»ll«rt«(,I€ll: i .i., , -.„^^.,. ,...o-t.l»- 
tlan,f»tmti NaiDte.Kod M«nkldl«CA«iiti«oeMA( tb«Fa«r blcnitartoci 
L TtioPnoineUof tboC'lgM. U tu. I>7llia.-ll. &.,TbtCloM,Kzolcr. 

tn. cio4li, vri'^c to »abMilbtn, w. M.: p««t fNi^ it K 

ll'»t"rTkn<l • oti>«nlt. Br R. B. CIIKHTRN WATBUS. 
A Hew (JdUtoo. UrwntUu atid Eolar/eJ Pp. i ftad IcA. 

Prloitd Tvc tb« Ambor, 87, Tbt tinT*. nAmBomilUi, W. 


B I N k 

Pholo«T«phic Appontui ftir Ain«letir« 
Amftieun tD«tTuaU>l. BrlUnuiK Urr I'IftUa. 
CbcmickJa kod fell >'hot<rinpbto BoiuisiMK, 

C!Kt*Jasa* OD ftppllofttlOD. 
Kflt>Ure« PrioUd, EoUriied. aod Coloured. 
Collfletlotu of PMognpKi C^nploUd., OolIkUd, Vonnltd, Titled. 


Volnnet, t*orifoUocd. ot Prunod. 

No.m,«tf pobltibed OD VTEDNESDAY LAST. 

r. Tb« OASIS or MHRV. 

LOXGHARSACU CdlBt>iu|li : A. * a BLACK. 



Naaw.lipoblUhedTBM DAT. 

I. PB00RBS8 tad fuVERTr. 
t. CORBA. 

JOafi MORBAt. AlbuDWliftUMI. 



Sotithunptoo Duil(]'DC«. '~lt»nc«ry 1-ku«. 
CUfTtDt AMonota OpVOfd •nnonllriC tn tba ilaUKl pnctint of '^thrr 
B«Blim,ftnd luUreit ftHtntJ wliaii not drNwn>>«low CU. The lUuk 
■tao rtottTM M->ricr uD tifpitit ft> Tiiri« p<r r.VnU rul»i«al. rcp«|iiblt 
■■ AHUtBd. TtiB lt«uk uadirUkn (>>« ouiIkIt if Lhctla, Wrttian, 
■ntf Olhtr fWoirltlrt ^iid Vkluatite* ^ the coMtoUoo of I>II1* »f £>• 
fituar*. Dlildattda, tud < •xip'iui ; ui>1 iba piirii«>»M uiil sklr of .-itudks 
kBdhhtiu. l.«ll«nuf Cr«'ill«n<l <'lriTD]«r N >Ualania>l. 


KHllMilAMflflaVII £!^»^fil* 

Uf* Ambtuim ud iuBttltr fuada .... tfl-cytQ 
A»aD*l laeomt s«\«t 

ll04n«U RatM of Prvmitim, Litwtftl Sskle of Aooultlet, Lo»nf 
OmtUd apoa H«mif1tr nt PrM>inlit. Coaybotd. ftod I.0«*«hDld I'm* 
Mtljr.' J<Ift iDierMU tud K«rirf>uat. ali't to Curpotm» auS othor 
rabUa Bodln upon tMt-uritr nf Itaua, k«. 

P. ALLAN UUHTIS, Aaturjr »&dS«!NUrT. 

ThrvftdoMdl* ^tnti, P. u.; CtaknoK CroM. K.W. : Oiford Him*! 
Ioorstr 'it Vsrt Stmll. W. Pir* c^UUlit'xd I'lO Uvae and 
Torfljtn InaurailOMftl mndctftle rmtrt. I.tfc nt«bli*hed]'<lli. ftiMwlfttlv 
iow nlM fox loOBi UHk l^rs* B oB uwt JuiBtdtaU MlUuuatof 


HE NTS Ib»U Ntwtpspcn, MbcuIdu, Mid PcrlodleftU. 
%* Tn-Du ri»r tnamotlDi btulowA, aud LUt of Loodou Pkpcrt, nn 

tM Wd oil ftpplicftlluu 111 

ADAUS k PRANCIS. «». Flfcct Stnrt. K.a 


SoM by lUl DoAlnra tbniiiithoat Ibn World. 


4fr. prodiulD^, \>j limpU. tlw trtporaiioo, tbt 
bkluf, reftaiJiitig, auJ bnltby MnuiKtlou of tlt« 
plttc ftt>d «<ic«ljptiu r«rc«U. Tba mort cffMtlTa 
ftad Mf' t^'c liUinfwUnt. 

Ffloc lA: It poit for IS iltinpi. 

M, Mtnod ; ITS. B«cat Ntrtct : kod M, CtruMU, 


Th« PoMla tr* Inritnl <•• »«>q4, from «ap pitrt of lh« world, in 
HoBfNHON A Ct.t:AVKK. B«-1f«ri. foi woiplm and full nago «r 
prtvt Itott ipoat fitai or ttifir»ll l^rc Ptai 

Ima'a .. f A iwrdot- I fltHvrtn nrtt. 

I „ lAdlt*'.-. 4 » par doc 
rtillntian'a 4 10 . ' Octitlatncirt S 4 „ 
Dtrtot froin 111* nAOI/PT "Th« trlih ramhrm of Mean 
VohiuoD A ci'«v*r, ii>->r««i, ri4ve « 
worlj-vldt fivrfi" "-(.I 
Or«m IMaewi ^if Ucrmur. 

CAMBRIC ii^i^iH 



rhest at 

"A national work of the highest 

interest." — standard. 






Taienfrom Oriffivnl MSS. and other auiftentic 
comiatini/ of tru^worlhi/ PttrtmiU of Oi 
Autftort, iikftcha of Placa hi^Unucaliy ci 
fcilh their Ltrtt, Cmtem/iOt'ary Jllttttrnti 
diamnen and Outtomt, Jbc. 

Fart L ready Jan. 25, 1883, price 6| 

*' The onlmary reiuler, itraying ioto a largo 
and having full run of the books, wouJd be moJ 
to get couipamUvely Utile erjoyment, and f 
of UBfcful informatioiif out of his opportnzii 
would uot kuow where to begin, wbab 
choose, how to get the icformation h<^ moit 
A good librariaQ aod Kbolar vuuld put hi 
right way, start him fnirly on his otndie^ and I 
in what leKpucta it would be well for kim 
particular booka. 

" All this ifl done for him in this work 
Morley. In each divuion of the nibjoot h> 
■tuilent in hand, introduces him to the «iitl 
may profit hltn, hna a critical word or two 
respect to the author, oketchpA the book, to 
and gives examples from itd be«t patt*. 
pouestor of ikit work kai tftc coutenU of 
liVrary at hit rfM/>oy^^ and is shown how 
the best om of them/' — Scotiman, 

"Its survey of the Held of English lit< 
Ukin^y ffir more fcarchiit'j awi tJ-Untivf tl 
to be Viet Ktth tUcwherc Amoug the moat 
featurtie of its eontenta ore tho fn.cbaBitii of] 
«el*'tte«l, and the iutrintl'- intrrr^t vf f/K 
which are all of them authDatlo.*'— :Da47^ AV 
iViipfdHMf ol aU JtOolMUfTA*. or gmt f% 

Ludaate Hill, Loudon. 

«« 8. VII. j*». 30. «.i NOTES AND QUERIES. 



NOTES :— Batka'i " P«er«g« MmI B«TAneUEO,* 41— Tha E*tU 
of Bwirmor* luid Coonl Koberl o\ Pm«, l2— Hlr OtUotlo 
BrM(tmftn— The Kplsropftt Charcb In Scoilu<t \:* -A ('bo*t 
•t Bainptoo Coart— Pope'* Monument to fan ('amota— A 
Letter of Bunit—BTroni VertlOD of "Tu MiChunee "— De 
U Toncha F&mllr. 4(1 — A Qaalnt IntcrlpLton— " LcftftlUK" 
Trm— [)r. JoboiODS FuoeroJ— The FosUtaI dI Uiq Tope a 
Cbeir, 47. 

■<JtTERIK9 -Wlio wu the Wife of Jaddo r.rtWtflO T 47- 
Bloxnjittical Oictlooulcfl— Juue> U. at i*ul«.— Ur. YetcJ, 
Ceinbri'U-c — " Kretsbet of Brtmea " — 8oulhw»rk Keir— 
•■ MeraiTln* Clvlcnii.'* 4S— Name of Town Wanted— Hterry 
ramilr— Dr. J. Walnwriitii— R«v. W. fienoet : Rev. T. 
npmlnir— irrrrer dn VeecT— Middle Namei— St. Lend. 49— 
Yapped—" I'Mlnil UarifUi." Ac— A New Year's t^reeiing- 
The UtUT—Frtcatory — "The Whalebone" — The UtUe- 
floser Nail— Anthon Wanted, M. 

BEPUES :— Tlie CDurivtiaj Hhleldi In WolboTOUgh and Ash- 
water Chorthei. Devon. :.0-Mif« KellT. Iho Aclrew, &2— 
The Beckforl Ubrai; SUle. tS-lTie Epiphany A«;ape nf tbe 
Chorch n( Ovimo— Bnrford Priory— A Conf«der»r/ o( U It 
neiBM-Ntll Owynne^ nouM-LaTWton i O Connell— The 
Helr»hlp ot the rerclci, M-The Sbrlnee of Peg WofUneton 
«0d Ktlir CMvo— Up. BoTDete Civil War Colleetlooa— 
Hryly»— Wftnlrolvo. f.;.— •' Ho carrlei Bannor '*- AJdloei and 
Elievlre - Vineyanl* — t-Arry Warde Plj — RemarkabJe 
Comet In the Tenth Cenlory. M-Cumenng— Tlie Lael Karl 
of Cromarty- P«oD a OaihoUu— Sallflbury (.'Athc^ItAl. £7- 
Menioralile Rratdentt in telinitton. *c.— Tlic Ouolstoou — 
Whtle^CotU— Tomblftdown Dick—" All Upon tbe uerrr 
pin "— " Peace wltb honour "— Anlbon Wanted, iS. 
lOTES ON R<:M3Kft :— Bloiam'i " Princlpla of fiothio Kccle- 
•laetleal Anrhilroinru" — Knoxi " Lettera and Mcmoriali of 
WlllUm AUen "— UutioDB "James and I'hUip van An«- 
irsMe'*- " Dr. Orlmshawe's Secret." Jto. 
'OtlM* to Corxetpondenta. 

Althoneh the preaenK issaa of Sir Bernard 
Burke's Vitragf.antl Barontiagt \n Dtttrked aa the 
'' forty-fifth edition" the nnmber falls to do com- 
plete jastioe to the real remoteneBS, and even anti- 
4]ttity, of it« oriKio. It is now fifty-fleTen years 
RDCe the work was first published by the late Mr. 
John Barke, tbe futher of the Ulster Kin^ of Arms, 
who announced in his preface his motive for com- 
piling it to bo the *' absolute want of any book of 
reference" of tbe kind "in which tiie slightest 
confidence as an aathority could be reposed." It 
was remarkable as the earliest attempt to com- 
bine a peerage and a baronetage together, &nd 
r«l50 as the earliest attempt to compriso in a 
•ingle Tolume a genealogical as well aa a contem- 
porary account of the pocra and the baronets and 
their kindred. Until it appeared, indeed, not only 
Iwne peerages and baronetages distinct works, but 
|tbe peerages and the baronetages of Scotland and 
Iitlond were likewise dealt with separately from 

* A Gtntalagioil and Tltraldie Dictionary of if^e 
Ptrragi awl /jitrojudufr, tot/etAtr with Mtmairn of Oif 
Priry Cvttncilior* und KnigKr*. By Sir Bernard Burke, 
C.B..'LLr>.. Ulitcr King of Arms, k<i. Forty-fifth Edi- 
,ttoa. Loadtm, Uaxrisou. 1S84«* 

tbe peerage and the baronetage of England, Oraat 
Britain, and tbe United Kingdom, Moreover, the 
post history and the present state of families and 
titles were the subjects of dilTerent orders of books, 
and were treated of by diflferent orders of writers, 
ft ifl true that the former always brought their 
information down to the time of publication, and 
that the latter frequently gave soma leading parti- 
culars of the pedigrees of tbe persons whose exist- 
ing names and distinctions, with their recent births 
and marriages, it was their business to record. But 
while tbe main purpose of the first was to supply 
works of permanent utility and value, the main 
purpose of the seoond was to furnish the public 
with books for every-day and immediate ooDsnlta- 
tioD. The one embodied the resalts of the patient 
labours of professed genealogists and antiquaries^ 
when not in ponderous, then in numerous, and 
invariably in costly, tomes. The others, compiled 
for the most part under the patronage of some 
enterprising bookseller, were issued in a convenient 
shape and sold at a moderate pricCi but aspired to 
little more literary dignity than a court ^uide 
or a Blue-book in the present day. Dugdale's 
BarotmgAj published in three volumes folio— the 
second and third in one— in 1675 and lOTH, has 
never reached a second edition, while the sixth and 
final edition of CoUins's Pierage of England was 
published by Sir Egerton Brydges in nine octavo 
volumes in 1812. The second and lust edition of 
Sir Robert Douglases Petingc of Scotlaiid was pub- 
lished in two folio volumes by Wood in 1813; and 
the second and last edition of John Lodge's Pttragi 
cf Ireland was published by Archdale in seven 
octavo volumes in 17S9. The publication was 
concluded of Collina's Baronetage in five octavo 
volumes in 1741 and of Belham'a Barontiagc in 
five quarto Tolumes in 1606. Of the more 
ephemeral class of compilations which began to 
be issued about the commencement of the eigh- 
teenth century a vorr complete collection was 
made by the late Sir Charles Yoang, Garter King 
of Arms, and of them with other books of an allied 
character he prepared a catalogao when he was 
York Herald in l.s20. In that year Mr. John 
Barkers Gmculogical and Heraldic Z^ictionnry of 
the Petnuje and Baronetage of the United Kingdom 
was pubtisbed, and the principal rivals with 
which it had to compete were Debrett's Correct 
Peerage and Sams's Annual Pttrage^ the first 
afterwards edited, aa DebretVa Gentalogical Pttragt, 
by Mr. William Courthope, Somerset Herald, and 
the second afterwards put forth as Lodgt^s Prumt 
Peerage and Lodg^t Gaualogicol Peerage, a yearly 
and an occasional volume, under the nominal pro- 
tection of Mr. Edmund Lodge.Norroy King of Arms, 
and the actual supervision of tbe Misses Anne, 
Eliza, and Maria Innes. In l&33and 1834,s'Aarjjf'» 
Genealogical Peerage and Sharpens Present Peerage 
were published. Bat conspicuous u theit dl%c>)^ 

NOTES AND QUERIES. i8«a.vii.j«. 

wen Id MTerftl respects, there were good reMona 
why they- could not come into Buccenful opposi- 
tion to Mr. John Barke's Pierage and Baroiieta^e^ 
which npid]y gained ite way in pabUo efttiauktioa 
and coinm&Dded aaparalleled and uninterrupted 
popaUrity until the adreot of Mr. Joaeph Fostet's 
J'Mraytf and Baronetage three or four yean ago. 
Between these two pnblications it la cot our 
preMBt intention to ioatitnte a comparison. But 
we tnay say that neither, in onr opinion, is likely 
to sapersede the other, and that the improvementa 
which have annually appeared in each since they 
hare been issued tof^etber afford only another 
example of the advantages of competition in so £ar 
as the world at Urge is concerned. 

It is, of course, oat of the question for us to enter 
upon anything like minute or detailed criticiera of 
e work of such dimensions as the one before us. 
Bat there are a few points which hnve sugtcest^d 
themselres to ua for comment in turning; over the 
pages of the volume, to which we think the atteu- 
tion of Sir Bernard Burke ought to be directed. 
The Ulster King of Arms, for example, notices in 
his preface the accession of Sir Beanchamp Sey- 
moor and Sit Oamet WoUeley to the peerage as 
Lord Alceiter and Lord Wolseley, and takes the 
opportunity of quoting from another work of his 
own the remark that " the principal existing 
titles originating in military serricea are Shrews- 
bury, Lindsey, Murlborougb, Wellington, Boyne, 
Amherst, Clive, Abercroniby, Dorchester, Str:if< 
ford, Anglesey, Hill, Combermere, Gough, Harris, 
Qrej, Keane, Seaton, Vivian, Raglao, Napier of 
MagnaU, Strnthnaim, and Sandhorst"; while 
*' the principal naval peerages now remaining are 
Howard of Effingham, Sandwich, Dartmouth, 
Aylmer, Torrington, Rodney, Hawke, Howe, 
Graves, Bridport, Camperdowu, Hood, Nelson, 
Hotham, Exmontb, St. Vincent, Gardner, De 
8aamarez,*and Lyons." With the second of these 
oatalognes we do not see any ground to quarrel on 
the loore of incompleteness. But in the first of 
them it appears to us that there are several 
omiasiona which are scarcely justified by the 

S'inoiples of selection by which Sir Bernard 
arke has evidently been guided. If Shrews- 
bar^ and Liodaey are to bo included among our 
ancient military peerages, why not Arundell of 
Wardoar, Leven, and Byron ? Again, why are 
Csdogan, Rossmoie, Stanhope, Tovnsbend, 
Clahna, Lortoo, and Hardinge excluded from 
among the military peerages of the last and the 
current century 7 Something, too, might be said, 
we should imagine, ia favoar of the inclosion of 
Bantry and Craven in a list of military peerages, 
although the first Lord Bantry was not a aoldier 
by profession, and the present Lord Craven is 
only the collateral representative (as in the cases 
of Amherst, Hill, NeUon, Sl Vincent, and others) 
of the eoldier of the Thirty Years' War. We see 

that Sir Bernard Burke persists in describing Lady 
Elizabeth Percy, the heiress of Josceline, eleventh 
Ksrl of Northumberland, and wife of Ch&rlei, sixth 
Duke of Someraet— the lad v nicknamed *' Carrota," 
by Swift — as " Bsroness Percy in her own right," 
notwithstanding th«t the only existing barony 
of Percy in fee is that which was created by the 
writ of summons of her son Algernon, seventh 
Duke of Somerset, to the House of Lords as Baron 
Percy after her death in 17:23, and which has passed 
by female descent to thn present Duke of Athole. 
We see, too, that the Ulster King of Arms also 
persists in printing thn wholly irrelevant genealogy 
of the old Lyttons of Knebworth in bis memoir of 
I/>rd Lytton, and says nothing of the Wiggetts 
and Robinsons, from whom his lordship is really 
derived- Why, again, does Sir Bemtird Barke 
designate Lord Shrewsbury the ''Preuiier Earl of 
England"? He is aware that the Dake of Nor- 
folk, the Earl Marshal and chief of all the heralds, 
ia not only the premier duke, but, as Earl of 
Arundel, the "premier earl,'' for he so descrtbea 
him, and we presume he cannot mean to sfHrm 
that both of them are premier earls of England. 
Lord Carrington ia described as " Joint Hereditary 
Lord Great Chamberlain in right of his mother, 
Augusta Annabella, Lftdy Carrington, younger of 
the two sisters and coheirs of Alberic, twentieth 
Lord Willoughby de Eresby." But in the memoir 
of Clementina Elizabeth Baroness Willoughby de 
Eresby, the elder sister and coheir, nothing ia 
said to show that she has anything to do with the 
Hereditary Lord Great Chamberlainship, althongb 
in the memoir of her son, Lord Aveland, it is statBd 
that he is Deputy Lord Great Cbamberlaio. One 
moiety of tlus ancient office belongs to Lord 
Oholmondeley, and the Willoughbys and CboN 
mondeleys have hitherto divided it by diach.irging 
its duties in alternate r«ign8. How is it to be- 
distributed now that Lord Carrington makes a 
third participator in its honours ? We desired to say 
something about one or two other malten which 
arrested oar notice in looking through the U, 
King of Arms's elaborate work. But we have, 
hape, said enough to show that it would be none' 
worae for a little revision, although it is only right 
to add that, all things considered, Sir Bernard 
Burke may be fairly congratulated on the general 
accuracy, as well as on the completenan, of 
the vast mass of facta which he has brought to- 
gether, and which are neoeisarily accamu! 
under bis bands year by year. 


(See " N. & Q.," 2*- S. vil. 273, 352; viU. H.) 
The articles above referred to are not, in 
respects, so full or exact as the inlervtt of 
subject would seem to rci^ulre. It ii trtio 


«AB. VlI.JAir.20.*S3.1 


ttaiTHled on p. 273) that " the Barrys of Ireland 
are tracemble from a.v. 1206, when Robert Filz 

Stephen enfeoffed hU nephew, Philip de Bariy 

of Olealhan, with cerUin lands in Cork" ; but the 
writer is clearly in error in aacribing to the family 
an exclusirely En^rliBh origin, and diBclaiminf; their 
•connexion with Scotland. Nor should be abandon 
to oblivion their still earlier history. In point of 
fiict — aa the sequel proposes to abow — they were 
immediately of Wtiles, mediately both of Eogtaad 
and Scotland, but originally of Normandy, where 
they ar« traceable for ceoturies before the Coequest. 
These Irifth earia were descendants of Count 
Robert of Paris (Scott's hero), a Norman com- 
panioQ of the Conqueror, settled in the North 
Biding of Yorkshire, who, as a Cruaader, was 

Bar (si he calli hiui), proceeds to add 

lowing : — 

" Tlie nnbill cbieftuic lliat wns callit Bar. 
i he belt wviimmn amang thfni all by far 
He wai that tymc, ni my author ditl ny ; 
'I tmirrurt! llio Uiidi ihbL tjT tlie Mercliis* lay 
He K")' ^" l>'iOi ki'*^ tliKiruf made Lim lord. 
Alio iliat litiio,— «i 1 lierd lunk rccorJ. — 
Aue faire cuatell, itaiiJunJ on the ses-ikar, 
1* cultit nutv tbc Cutcll of Duubar." 

It is Doticeable that, pursuant to the unlettered 
wont of the time, the patronymic of this family 
has already been tninamated into Parre, Barry, 
and Bar. la French proDUDciatloa the i of the 
word Paris is silent, and it becomes virtually 
P&rrL Then or later the name underwent trans- 
itioQ into De La Bere, Diparry, Pers, Pirie, 

killed in Palestine a.d. 1005. la the same year pyrrhuB, Ferrers, Pirou, Purerius, Farerius, 
hia kinsman, Gentooius de Pari?, ia mentioned 
by Roger of Weodover (ii. p. 62) among the noted 
leaders in the Crusades. They were a rac« of war- 
riors. Nearly a century later Peter de Harris was 
admiral of the fleet of Occur da Lion at the con- 
<iue8t of Cyprus (C'AroM. Rich. /.,Lond.,8TO., it<61, 
i. p. 205) ; and Willism de Paris saved the army 
after a rout in the Holy Land during the same 
crnaade, thereby reconciling a discord which bad 
arisen between Cceur de Lion and himself (i6., i. 
p. 251). 

Unhappily for the convenient elucidation of 
Uieir genealogy, not only were the four northern 
counties of Kugland excluded from the Domesday 

Book, but the local ret guta of that region were almost 

wholly lost to contemporsry record. Nor without 

abundant reason, inaemuch as for a long period 

after the Conquest the Scottish frontier was trxily 

debatable ground. Vtipo$tuiitU seemed to con- 

tiitnte the sole basis for the armed and fluctuating 

juriBdiction mutually asserted there by both 

nations, Dtike {Ucr. l>ic., Lond., 870., 1663, 

p. llVa), speaking of one of this family, says: 

" They, at one time or other, posseesed a greater 

portion of the North Kiding than perhaps any other 

boasB of jientry ever located in the district," This 

ia itrong language when we find Thierry asserting 

<LoDd., 12mo., l»47, i. p. 230) ''that Robert de 

Bftis [a ueighbr<uriDg contemporary] acquired by 

conquest two hundred manors." He also adds 

<ii. p. iOa, and iii. p. 3): " Many Normans entered 


trust." The De Pariees, Wallaces, and Bruces were 

cases in point* One of the hrst-meutioned family 

<De Barry, or De Bar, as the name was frequently 

written), for services to the Scottish king, was re- 

<}ait«d with the title of earl and lands on the 

veatero frontier or marches. Uere his castle was 

<rcot«d, which from its position on a dune, or aeu 

«ide hill, was termed Dunebarry, which survives 
(o this day under the name of Dunbar. This is 
authenticated by De Boece, who, after extolling 
It aomfl length (p. 410) the glorious exploits of 

pArisiftcensis, Pdrria, Parriab, and Parr. Nor 
shjuld this be thought uuubual or incredible, 
inasmuch aa Dunn, the old Welsh historian^ 
manages to spell the name of Stedmau in six 
differenC ways on the same half page (Nicholas, 
IVaUs, i. p. 169). Indeed, the Latinising, Gallic- 
izing, Anglicizing struggles of British mediicral 
clerks to construct legible records are at onoe the 
amusement and the despair of archieologista. 
Scarcely a name in England extant at the Con- 
quest has survived unscathed this protean wear 
and tear. Well may Thierry declare (iii. p. 3) that 
the bleudiDt; of tooguea in Scollsmd became 
*' un compOBL' bizarre de tudeaque et de franv*i»» 
preequ'c-galemeat mt^langua/' But in this coa- 
Dcxion the Silurian cacographers cap the whole. 

Hemingburgh tells us (ed. Kng. Hist. Soc, ii. p. 
35J that " Patrick de Dunbar, Cuutede la Marche," 
was chosen (June 5, 1291) one of the arbitrators to 
whom Edward L, after the death of the 3Iaid of 
Norway, referred the contest of Baliol and Brut 
for the Scottish crown. On p. 305 the same 
author makes allusion to Patrick, Karl of Danbar, 
A.D. 1332, Ump. Kdw. III. 

The immediate Anglo-Normau ancestor of the 
Irish Earls Barry was William de Paris of South 
Wales.ownerand builder of Mteuorpyr[Manorbeer] 
Caaile, and father of the noted WeUh historian 
Giraidua Cambrensis, who was born there. The 
original name of that castle was Manor Patis—or 
Pyrrbus, as the Welsh termed it. A little isUnd on 
the same estate, sometimes called Caldy Island, was 
in like manner by the Welsh denominated Ynys 
Pyrrbus (Nicholaa, op. 61.^ 859). A larger island, 
three miles from the coast (also appurtenant to the 
manor), was named Parris' or Barrys' Island, which 
cognomen it still retains. This William de Paris 
was a descendant or kinsman of the Hobert da 
Paris who was active in the conquest of North 
Wales, AD. 1110, and who, amongst other extea 
sire possessions, owned the famous raris's Mountain 





tain ^J 



[e*8.TiL jav. aot'sa 

ia Ani;Iftff«a, ftfterwftrds celebntecL for the nnex- ' popalarity and power. Hen^ III. wnto to 
ftuiplcd richneu of ita copper mioes (Xicholaa, i. , Edward I. and De Barn*, tbaokng tiheu for tiuir 
p. 203). A later Kobert de Paris, of the aame i nndeTiatiDg fealty, a.d. 1235 {CmL Bmr. Str^ i. p. 
place, wax CfaatDberlain to Henzy IV. t 340X To tlieir patronym waa added Vf tha natiTes 1114, aft«r an ostensibly enccesafal cam- 1 the Celtic oognomen of Mohr, dgnU|yiitg Giaat; 
puKO in South Wales, Henry I. ordered castles to | so that Barrymore importa Barry the Gicak Tke 
be boUt there as the only probable means of per- 1 origiiia]^Barrach Mohr, acoordinic to Uw AnndUof 
petnating the conquest (Nicholas, p. 24). Mo^aorpyr 
Castle seems to hare been the offspring of that 
order ; for it was so far completed anterior to 
1146, when Giraldos waa bora, that he says it had 
then been his father's domicile for some years 
{ib., it p. 859}. 

According to Giraldus, his father (then a 
widower) bad married Angharad, daughter of Sir 
Gerald de Windsore, of Carew Castle, Castellan of 
Pembroke. Sir Gezald's wife was Nesta, daughter 
of the Welsh prince Rhys ap Tewdor, who was 
killed in battle at Brechiniog,A.D. 1091 (Gir. Cam., 
▼i 90). Previously to her marriage Nesta had 
had a son by Henry I. By Angharad (her 
daughter) William de Paris had three sons — 
Bobert, Philip, and Sjlrester the historian. 
Bobert and Philip, together with their conaina, 
Walter, Gerald, and William de Paris (the first 
two nephews of Fitz Stephen), according to Harris's 
A niiquitia of Dublin^ pp. S30, 250, were all leading 
spirits in the conquest of Ireland. 

In A.D. 1170 Bichard de Clare, Barl of Strigul 
and Pembroke, initiated the conquest pnnnant to 
a compact with Dermod McMurroagh, the exiled 
King of Leinster, who had been driven a fugitive 
from his country, a.d. 1167. As the price of his 
reinstatement, he promised De Clare his daughter 
Kva in marriaige and the inheritance of his crown. 
With the consent of Henry IL, to whom Dermod 
had done homage, the attempt waa made and 
acoomplished (Knight, i. p. 297). From this time 
theDeParris(orDe Barzys, as they were thenceforth 
denominated) appear to have altogether renounced 
their home in Wales, if not indeed their inheritance 
there, for although Manorpyr Castle continued b 
the family for two handred and fifty years later, it 
passed into the hands of their maternal relativca 
the De Windsores, as will presently be shown. 
This umy have been partly the effect of Henry's 
proolnnmtion {riVtM 1171) ordering the immediate 
return of all the invaders, on pain of forfeiture of 
their efllates and perpetual banishment (Gir. Cam., 

nU)). No notice, however, seems to have been i a/ldtd here, and may serve to evoke the curiosity^ 
taken of it. No cue returced ; but in the year . ax wtll as the contributions, of some of tha 
ensuing the king fullowed them to Ireland with a 1 g<:rie&logical readers of **N. & Q." 
laigo force and consolidated the conquest (Knight, I sh. 10^9, Bobert Barri was dispatched by 
)). S3'.:). V\v^n the death of the King of LeinsUr '■ Wiltiani the Conqueror as ambassador to the Pops 
m 1171, Do Clare, who h^d married his daughter, ; (Hemingburgh, ii. p. 336). 

inherited bis crown. His loyalty was so much _a.ij. lo^S, Bichant Barn was imbaasador of 
mistrusted by Henry that he was disposaessed. 

Loch Ct (Bolls Series, i. pu 439), was kiUMl in 
Ireland, A.0. 1261. Inl2C7DaT]ddaBu7WM,fay 
royal appointment, made Chief JnatiM of Iieland 
—the ntat on record (fihron. of InUmdf DabUn^ 
4to., 1809, pi 412). 

A.I}. 1370, Sir William de Windaore(a desoendant 
of the Sir Gerald above..mentioned) waa appointed 
by Edward III. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland^ 
possibly through the influence of his wife and 
kinswoman, Alice de Paris^-or Alice Perreia, aa 
she is generally called. She remained in Eoglaad, 
attached to the Court, dnring her huaband'a 
absence in Ireland, having prior to her marxiagfr 
been maid of honour to the late Qaeen Fhilippt. 
{Calendar^ Anc. Char., Lond., 4to., 177S, pi 63 to 
68). Over the king Alice, as ia well known, heU 
an irresistible sway, denounced by Choreh and 
Parliament as sorcery. She not only po awia e d 
some forty or fifty manors scattered throu^oot 
England {Inq. p.m., iii. p. 5, Ump. Bie. IlO/bnt 
prevailed on Bichard II. after his ftithei^a death 
(circa A.D. 1383) to enfeoff her hnsband with all 
the manors held by her grandfather, David da 
Paris '/»»'/. p.m., iii. p. 330). This irregular dis- 
position of this estate was repeated a.d. 1399 by 
Heniy IV. in favour of John de Windsor (Nickoh^ 
ii. p. Hyj). Amongst these manors waa not only 
Mu.norpyr Castle, but alao Gnoll, or Knoll, Haaoi^ 
in SooierBet. formerly the property of her iathflTr 
Vt'lllUm de Paris, or Parr, one of the anceston of 
Queen Catherine (Excerpta I: Rot, u. p. 317). Her 
husband was raised to the peerage ad, 1361 
^fieatson, Political Indtx, Edin., Svo., 178C, p. 33)» 
It ia surprising that the ancient lineage of tlda 
queen should have been so long neglected. 
j>«yo&d Dugdale's superficial sketch it ia qutta 
obficure. He commences with Sir William Paria 
for Parr, as he spells it), a.d. 1350, a Knight of tba 
Garter high in favour with King Edward III. After 
that date it is well known. 

A few fragmentary hinta respecting the family 
of Count Bobert of Paris may be appropriately^ 

and returning to England, died there a.d. 1176 
(Cobbe, A'oriiinH A'liiffji. IHGf), second table); The 
Banyii however, remained in Irttand| and grew in 

William II. to tha Pope, to the Emperor of Ger- 
many, and to the Emperor of Constantinople 
(a*roii. irig., p. ia7X 
A a 1176, Archdaaoon do Psrii of Booharter 

8*8. VII.Jak. K.-SS.] 



was Rmba«8ador of Henry II. to KiDg William of 

I Sicily, toachiDd the marriage of Henry's daaghter to 

Ktfaat monarch (Walter of C'OTentry, 1572, i. p. 263). 

^f A r. 1S12, Kobsrt de Paris, whose castle and 

m&nor were on the nouth bank of the Thamee at 

London, was obliged to fiy to France to escape the 

Tengeauce of King John, who for some unexplained 

offence confiscated his eaUte and razed bis castle 

to the groond (Leiand, CoH. A yttiq.j 1774, i. p. 323). 

Ad imperfect clue to the facts may be found 

in a letter of Henry III., wherein he remarks 

*'Robertum de Bar, qnimodo odioeos est Papte, 

suapccturahftbeo''(iioy((iZ,^«t'r«, Hen. I TI., Land., 

1866, i. p. 101)- Members of this branch of the 

family were amongst the earliest sheriSs and L^rd 

Mayors of London {Munimtnta (Jildhallai, i., 

[ pt. ii. pp. 29, 32, 89, 244). Their demesnes after- 

\ wards conatitated Bermondsey Abb«y and old 

1 Paris Gardens, in which last Shakspcare erected 

I liii Qlobe Theatre, and where (as late as the reign 

L of James II.) took place the Sunday afternoon 

^Kbnll and bear baitings of the olden time. The 

^Hollowing quaint allusion to them is found in 

^ Mftchin'a Diary (p. 198) :— 

" The Froncli AtnhMsadora had fcecn brought in barKCn 
from the Bi«hap'» Paliice (l.i>. l.'>5tM, for tlier wn* hnyth 
bar* and bull bayting j and tbe cnptaiu witli a liun>Jre)l 
of thagard, to keep rowme for tliein to see the baytlog." 

A.D. 1259, Matthew Paris the historiaD, a 
member of this family, died. 

A.D. 1260, Robert de Paris fonnded the Hospital 
of St. John at Bedford, where bis mnusoleiim still 
remains (Dngdale, Monait, iii. p. 723). In 1691, 
a commission was appointed to ascertain if this 
estate had escheated to the Crown, and if heirs of 
tbe founder still survived {Cal. SUiii Fa2>ertf lii91- 
1594, p. 142). 

AD. 1315, Kobertns de Pereris is Sheriff of 
Essex and Hertfurdsbire (Oon.;S. AUtani^ 1666, 


AD. 1325, and earlier, several members of tbe 
family were at various dates summoned to Parlia- 
nieol (Pari. If'Vi/a, ii., div. iiL, p. 1259) ; and 
iJavid de Paris (Lord Harry, Ump. Edw. lU.) aat 
in tbe House of Peers (Beatsoo, p. 31), 

A.D. 1399, by the will of the renowned John 
of Gannt, Duke of Lapcaater, *'Mons^ William 
Parr '' was appointed his executor and a legatee 
(Test. Veiust, i. p. 143 6ii). 

A.a 1400, William Parr went as English ambiw- 
■ador to Portugal {Cron. Monast. S. Albani, 1S66, 
p. 320). 

Any additional light which could be shed tipon 
the life and lineage of Count Robert of Paris 
would prove of general interest, and especially to 
the present writer. Sphinx, 


I Sir. ORT.Awno BRiDorsTAjr^ — F, G. baa called 

Peg Woflington and Kitty Olive — shrines which 
are now being fast desecrated by tbe lust of bod 
bricks nnd nntempered mortAr. Opposite to Mrai. 
WofHogton, and on the south side of the chancel 
of Teddington Cburch, lies a greater than ahe — 
the Lord Keeper, Sir Orlando Bridgeman, oooes- 
tor of the modern Earls of Bradford. In the year 
1832 certiviu repairs (not " restorations") were being 
made in the cbancel ; the workmen accident- 
ally struck into tbe Bridgeman vault, and a brick 
fell on Sir Orlando's coilio-lid, and broke it partly 
open. Dr. Jatiies Borland, a distinguished In- 
spector General of Army Hospitals, was then the 
owner of liridgeman House, and was church* 
warden of Teddingcon parish. He at once came 
to tbe church, and seeing, through the fracture, 
that the corpRe h.nd been embalmed, he bad the 
coffin-lid reverently taken off, and sent a mea- 
snge to the then Lord Bradford (the father of the 
present carl), whom he knew. Lord Bradford 
drove straight down from London to Teddtngton, 
and looked upon the face of his aucestor, who had 
been dead a hundred and fifty-eight years, and 
who lay there in his habit at he lived, with 
painted beard and Hawing hair, and complexion 
us fresh, almost, as in life. Beside him lay hia 
wife. Dame Dorothy ; but she, poor thing, was a 
skeleton — for she was only a second wife, and she 
had not been embalmed. Then the coffin-lid 
was duly put on' again and repaired, the wult 
was bricked up, and I think it has not been 
since disturbed. 

*' N. & i^." always studious of occnracy, may 
justly aak how I come to know all this. I knew 
Dr. Borhnnd well ; and two of his sons, Capt. 
Oswald Borland, E.N., and the R-ev. Robert 
Spencer Borland, are very old friends of mine. 

A. J. M, 

The Episcopal CnuRcn ih Scotlasu.— Mr. 
Rftss, in bis Memoir of AUxander Jitcing, D.C.L,^ 
Biihop of Argyll and tht IbUm, 1877, says of the 
results of tbe tumult in St. Giles's Cathedral in 
July, 1637 :— 

" Iltad prayerB ceased out of Scotland for many a long 
jear. ETen durinit ibe Oaric and troublouH times of tbe 
CovenKntera. tho KplBCopaltan clor^, tbou^K the minis- 
ters of an Evtahli'hcd Cburch, nerer Hied & book for 
pmycr; and Sir Weilter Scott was a trifle oblirioua 
when, in his great novel of Old Mortatit^, he rvpresenta 
Harr; Morton as reiidinii oat of tbe mine prayer-book 
wilii Kditb Bcllcndcn. It waa not until tbe txginnin; 
of th^ nineteenth centur/, witli tlie exception of the 
thort time during which tbe Princess Anne waa on a 
Tiflit to Bdinhurfcb with her fatbcr, that look prMert 
Here offered up id any church or cbapet in SootlantL" — 
rp. IM, 155. 

Mr. Ross is snbstantially correct, as may be fleen 
from the passage in the recently published lecturea 
of Dr. Spratt relative to this period. Dr. Spmtt, 
however, in n foot-note, adds : — 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [«*s. vii.j«»so. 


und in tbe p^rijih of H«ltoii,npitr llarldttiKlou, the Ehk- 
lUli Liturtfj was rf«d from IGdtt to.l6<K>, when Gilbert 
Burnat, aft«rwaM» F^ishopof Sitjahvry. was nimiBtcr " — 
Thi Worthfit untl f'jficfii ofiUt. Ckurck ofSfotf>ni.d. by Geo. 
W.Sprfttt, b.D,, MuiiBter of North ficrwick. iMbJ.p. 5 

William Georob Black. 


A Ghost at Hamptok Cottbt.— T enclose a 
catting from the Morning Fast of JiiDUury II, 
under the heudiug of " Hampton Court": — 

" There is one sallery called ty Ihc ominoui name of 
' The Shrieking Queen. ' which all lentimcntal. romantir, 
and cr«dulou«penaoa should viilthy piilomoonli;rht. The 
legend aajs tut poor l^ue^n Ciith<>rine lIownnl'B ghoit 
ia often teen here, and that her shrieks are not unfre- 
qaently heard in the dead of the night. It wu berc. at 
any rate, tlikt she eeuped from her own chamber uhen 
confined there before being wnt to the Tdwrr, and ran 
along to teek an interview with Henry Vlll., who wu 
heanugmati in the royal cloMet of the chapel. Juet> 
Lowcver, as she reached the door, the Ruardi Kizod ber 
and carried ber back, and her ruthless liiub«ii>l, in spite 
of ber piercinj* BCrennit. Hhich were heard almost aU 
'OTor the pnlace, contiuued his devaiioni unmoved. It 
is nid that a female form, of coune dressed in white, 
baa been seen coming townrds the door of the royal pew, 
and just ti she naobes it has been obocrved l> hurry 
book with disordered Kartnenta and a ghutly look of 
despair, utt^'riiig at the ^amc time shriek upon shriek till 
ehe passes away under tho door at the end of the ancient 

Inveatigntors will be encouraged hy the fact tbftt 
the latter pjirt of the narrative is giTen in the 
present tcnne. I hnpo tlmt some of your corre- 
spondents will be able to irivc us further iafoTtna- 
tion on this interesting subject. 

W. D. Parisu. 

Pope's Momujirht to ht3 Parents.— Tbe 
colutDDS of " N. k Q." are, I think, a proper place 
for bringing to public notice a fact which will 
shock those who take interest in the memorials of 
Ibedead. The moDument which Pope placed on 
the walls of Twickenham Church to the oicmory 
of hii parents is now almost entirely concenled by 
the recent attenilioaa iu the organ. A very simple 
remedy would be to remove the monument to 
some other part of the church. As there is do- 
thinff in tbe iniocription which indicates either the 
position of tbe monument or of the remains of 
those to whom it is erected, this mi^iht certainly 
be carried out. The present churchwArden, Mr. 
Powell, whose fath«>r held tbe same office when 
the vaults under the church were tinally fastened 
Qp, about tweniy years ago, informs me that tbe 
vault which contains the coffins of Pope and of 
bis mother*^ is under the second pew from the 
obaocel on tbe north side of the centre aisle. 

F. G. 

A Letter or Bdr>*8.— lo a book of aatograpbs 
which came into my pouession some yeare since 

* Bii father is buned at Cbiswick. 

I have found tbe following interesting letter of 
Robert Burns, the poet. It mny be worth tn- 
aerlion in the pa^ea of " N. & Q."; — 

"Mr I>£AursT Friekp, — Yours by Mr. Stoddort was 
the welooxueat letter I ever received. Qod grant tlutt 
now when your health i% re-established, you mav take 
a little, little more caro of a life so truly valuable to 
Society and so truly inruluHbte to your friends I A» to 
your very excellent epistle from a certain Capital of a 
certain Empire, I shall answer tt in its own wjty S'-nte- 
lime next weelc ; as also settlo alt niitttcrs as to tittle 
Misa. Yoargoodnoii there is just like your kindnras in 
everything else. I am happy to inform you I have just 
Kuc sn appointment to tbe urat or Port Divisifn as it li 
called, which adds twenty pounds per aunum niore to my 
S&lary. My excise Income Is now Cash paid. Seventy 
pounds a year : and this I hold untill I am appointed 
Supervisor. So much for my usual goM luck. My 
Perquifiitei I bope to make worth 15 or 20£ mors. 8« 
Kejoice with them that do Rejoice. 

" Apropos has little MaJemoificIlebcen inoculated with 
the Small-prix yet f If not Jet it be done aA toon as i\ 
proper fur ber habit of body, teeth, &ic. 

" Once more lot me conjjratuUto you on your retui 
health. God grant tliat you may Hve at leaitwhi 
live, forwerc I to lose you it wuuM leave a Vacuum 
my enj'iTments that nothing could till up. Vt 
[undecipherable word]. •' Ron. fiuKKSj! 

There is no date or«ddrcsa or name of person] 
whom written, I. W, HAonuAifi ULj 

Byron's Version or "To Mi Cbavas*' 
There are, so far as I know, two published 
aions of the original in Portuguese I hav? 
I.itely found a third, written by Byron himself, ia 
Lady Lansdowne's album at Bo wood. As T " ' 
the third not inferior to those already pir 
I venturo to offer it to the readers of " X. ^. y. 
I may iidd that the album appears to have formed 
the repository for many good things, written im* 
promptu by distiuj^uiohed visitors et Bowood, 
and was always kept under lock and key by Lady 
Lansdowne. Byron, bein^j on a visit to Bowood 
in 181A, was probably requested to adorn he rladi 
ship's album ; and, having no faculty for 
inspiration at the call of his friends, ad<_ 
course similar to (hat pursued by bim on" 
vious occasion, and rewrote from memory 
judicious variations) lines composed at 
times. In a particularly neat band, aiuid 
kinds of tomfoolery by others, appear the follow- 
ing lines : — 

" In momenta to «T*'" ' ' ' - il 

'My Life 1 ' issu: ..u give, 

Itear words J on v ^ ^ . irt Imd dut4 

Had Man an eiidiet* l<rMu iu live: 

But. ah 1 10 swift tlie lensims roll 

That namp r- r •'----■ > - --r-. 

For ' Life , 

Which like y.:_ . 

KiLtiAKU litiocuioM 
Winter Villa. Stonebouse, IIcvod. 

De LA ToncHB Fa MILT.— As on^y "u*^ 
copies of the following work hate b«cn ptmt** 


t otE^i 

•*s.vii.j*..2o/a] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


members of the family, the proper description and 
I » few particulars nmy be worth recording : — 

^^k "OencftloRj of th« [)e U Toficho Family, leftted in 
^^Dunoia, Blcioin, 0>l£»Dsif, PntDce, prior to and con- 
^^Hnucil aftvr a brunch of it hnd vettled io IreUntli 
■MdO-95. Edited br Gen. Sir Anthony B. Stranaham, 
^eILCB." Twenty-two copioi have bren printed, for 

prirst« circulation only, by Mitchell/c Hughe*, 188'A4to. 

Title and pr«f«ce 2 leavw, pp. 1-17, appendix 1 leaf, 

with four portniitfl. 

The inforinatinn is chiefly derived from a French 
MS., written in l^ZTt by M. P^an Petit, president 
of a court of Uw nt Bloia, and from doctiraents in 
tfbe pouesaion of M. Charles Jean de la Toiiche nt 
Toon. H. R. T. 

A QtTArsT iMscaiPTiOH. — On the tomb of 
John Greenwiiy Muyar, in the parish church of 
Tirerton, in Devonshire, is : — 

"Whilit we tbiuk tfell, and think t' amend, 
^^ Time pAweth away, and (teath 't the cud," 1S17. 

■ 1. W. UARDMA.N, LLD. 

H[ "LsAD.iuo" Trbf.8. — In the conditions of n 
^Kale of timber at Arlescote, in Wnrwickabire, in 
PiaiO, I find " Thot lu little damnfje as possible 
I ehaJI be done by the purchiisers in felling and 
I Uading away the tree^, lop, top, Hud btirk." In 
I Scotland at the present day they always speak of 
r hading com, but I never before found Uading 
used for carrying in the Midland Counties. 


" Dfi. Johnson's Funbral. — Those who are in- 
terested in Johnsonianii will Gnd a curiuns nccount 
of Dr. Johnson's funernl in pp. 128-9 o( Hccrea- 
tiont and Sttidus of a Country CUrgymnn of thi 
EujhUenth CVnlury, 8vo., 18fi2. The mention of 
Johnson at Garrick's funeml in Ctimberland^B 
3feniotri, p. 210, vol. ii. (18()7) is well known. 
U ^^- G. 

H The Fbstital of thr Pope's CnAJB (Jan. 16). 
^^_ Various miracles are recorded of St. Peter at 
I Borne, and the ;ictual chair on which his successors 
F nt was formerly exhibited. Of course it was 
I boly« and on Jan. 16 a festival was held in its 
honour, when it was etpoaed to the adoration of 
the people. This continued to the year 16G3, 
when upon cleaning it the twelve labours of 
Horculea unluckily appeared engraved on it. 
Giacooio Bartolini, who was present, and relates 
it, says, " Our worahtp was not misplaced, since it 
was not to the wood we paid it, but to St. Peter." 
Another author observes, *' The labours of Hercules 
were mystical, as emblems rcpreiientinf; the future 
exploits of the Popes." When the French took 
possesstoo of Homo (Lady Morgan's lUily), they 
did not fuil to examine the celebrated chair, and, 
io addition to the hibours of Hercules, they dis- 
covered en^aved on it, in Arabic letters, the 
Mohammedan confession of fiiith. 

William Platt. 


W^a muat request eorreipondenti deslrinfc Infomutlon 
on rnmily matlcn of only ]<rivale irttcrect, to aRii their 
nauiei and adilre^ftfii to tlieir <|iierieii, in order that tbe 
answers may be addreaied to tbem dirooU 

Who TVA9 THE Wife ot Judoe LTTTELXoifl 
— Who was the wife of the great Judge Lytteltoo 
and the ancestress of so many distinguished 
families ? Mr Sydney Gmzebrook, on pp. 93 and 
240 of his Hiraldry of Woreattrshire, puts forth 
contmdic'.ory slalements. 

1. Under *'Burley" she is called "Joan, daughter 
aod coheiress of Wm. Uurley, of Bromscroft, H.S. 
of Salop 1420, granddaughter of John Barley, 
II.S. 1409." 

2. Under *' Grey" she appears oa the daughter 
of Sir John Burley,and granddaughter of Sir JohQ 
and Alice Pembridi;e his wife. 

3. In the Ileraid and OewalogtBt^ rol. I p. 437, 
to which Mr. Sydney Grazebrook refers, she is 
railed "Joan, widow of Sir Philip Chetwynd, of 
logeatre. daughter and coheir of William nurley, 
&c., by Ellen, daughter and heir of John Grondon, 
of GrendoD^in Staffordshire"; and her grandfather 
ifl called John Burley, Her mother, Miss OreodoD, 
is similarly described by Mr. Grazebrook. 

4. In We-itcote's Tieio of Deromhire^ p. 621, 
she becomes "Jonn, daughter and coheir of Sir 
John Hurley, of Bromscroft, in Salop, Knt., and of 
bis wife, daughter of Richard, Lord Giey of Wil- 

5. Thi« laat agrees with a MS. in C^ius College 
library, Cambrid>;e, Wigorn Pedigrees, mostly to 

Sir John Burley,==sl>au. of Rich., Lord 
Kat. I Orey of Wutoa. 

EIiz&bct1i,=Sir Jolm 
cohcif. I Trunell. 


Joano=TUos. Westcote.oZi. Lit- 
I tJeton, ju»uce of K.B. 

John. Enri "^ 
of Oxford. 
C. In the Topographer and Gtrualogixt, vol. iil. 
p. 4S6, there ia a pedigree, being notes by Joaeph 
MorriH on the Thynne, nliai Bolteville, pedigree : 
Sir Jolm Burley, of Brom«croft=AHce Psm- 
Castle, Knt., will dated 1415. I bridg*. 

Sir John- 

'uliana. dau. of Reginald, 
Uird Grey of Ruthin. 

]. I 2. 1. I 2. 

Sir John=Eliz.,=John Sir Pbil.=Jofaanna^ir Tbos. 

Uofton, CO- Trus- Chet- Lyttel- 

K nt. heir. sell. wynd. ton. 

At the same lime this Salop family is identified 
with that of the luckless Sir Simon Burley of 
Hichnrd II.'s reign. 
7. The falseness of this last theory is shown, I 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i#*aTiLjAit»,'8s. 

tbiak, by a pedigree at p. 18 of toI tl of ColU^t. j 
Tijp*^. et Otn, : — 

2. 1- 

mr Bieli. Aruiidlc1,=Alioia, 6?'. 1156,:=Ro2er Barl«T. c-l. 
ofr. 1419. Inq. p.m. | anti 3 Hen. VL 

John Burley, oh. 7 Hen. YU £sch.==Mus»cL 

Wm. Burler, «^ fifceen 15 Heo. TI., ol. 14>?, f.;>. 
8. Compare with this the pedigree in Belu's 
Mmortali of iks Garttr :— 

Sir Simon BwIct, 

iMbclla— ffir Jobn 
I Hopt.::. 

Heinof Wza. Wn. . K'Midw, <*i.«p. 24i5. 
!nieM lut two p*!C.«:rvi-( vvj.o d^ui to dlcpose 
of the coimezic>D ^jKtm'^ bjf>vc of Borelej, 
oa Hereford, ar.-; tt* f j v v v' o-zr TudT. 

9. InNa^b* H\t*.*1 H'-rt'^uiVrJitVi, Appendix, 
ToL iL p. 1, if an t^».; • * 'A '^^rixin detrdi, and the 
resDlting pe<ii;,T«« .a k;>.ti 'X.S.trtui from all the 
teat : — 

Wm. Boer^f^r ^ Brcjukcroft tud Arley,=Marger7. 
eo. Wijfuni., c^. v7 Heu. VI. I 

I I 

£li2abeth=ThomM Joan, <r'. ihirt7-=Thomai 

JTruwell. three ^1 H. Vl. L^ttelion. 

10. In Blakeway'e Hheriffi of Shropshire the 
identification of the family of the Knif^hta of the 
Garter and the Bromscroft brunch is again complete. 
"John of Bromscroft, son and heir of Boger de 
Barley, who was coasio and heir of Simon de 
Borl^^ petitioned for restitution of lands forfeited 
by said Simon." Willinm Burley la called his son, 
and his two grandd.tngbters appear as Joan, wife 
of Sir Phil. Chetwynde and of Sir Thos. Lrttelton, 
and Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Trussell, of Billesley, 
00. Warwick- 

11. Lastly, in Caius College library, MS. 533, 
Visitation of Worcesttrshire, 15C0, transcribed by 
Wm. Smith, Rouge Dragon, 1613: — 

Thoi. Weitcote, Wx. LittlctonfT=-^oftri. dsn. and coheir 
J. K. B. (. Edw, 1 V. I of Sir John Burlej. 

The armoriul bearings ascribed to the Salop family 
are eqnally chaogeuble. the last coat, known as 
" Mylde aU. Burley/' l>eing discoverable in the 
Clofton blazon in Mr. Metcalfe's edition of the 
Suffolk yi»\i-itiont. May I repeat ray question, 
Who was the wife of Judge Lyttelton ? w. S. 

BioGRAFiiicaL DicrioNARiEfl.— Will any ex- 
perienced reader of " X. & Q.*' gire his judgment 

on the general rahie of biographieal diefcumarieB t 
Mr experience of them is doc enoonraging to those 
who oonnt upon their acconcy. May I pre ftn 
instasoe! In Andenon's SccUuh KaHon I>r. 
John Blair. Prebendary of Westminster, author of 
the ChrotUflo^, is described aa a relatiTe of the 
Ber. Boben Blair, aothor of 7%< Grave. This is 
incorrect, as the Ut:er was d the Ajnhite Blain, 
and the forr:er of the great Perthshire ito^ ; 
both families bting of equally great antiquity, bat 
not allied by ties of kindred. Farther, a pzotty 
little story is told by Anderson to the effect that 
the aboTe Dr. John was so affected 1^ the news of 
the death of /.u IrvOur Capt. William Blair, 
killed in Hodoei*s action, that his death wm 
accelerated thereby, &c This story is apparently 
borrowed from Chalmers ; Chambers baa the 
same ; but in reality Cspt. William Blair was not 
a brother, but a cousin ; moreoTer, his death took - 
place three or four months before Dr. John fell iU. 
Which is the bell-wether followed by the flock of 
biographers 1 A. T, M. i 

Jaxes it. at Pahis. — ^In an Dnpoblished diazy { 
kept by my grandfather, Richard, second Earl « , 
Mount EdccDmbe, during a foreign tout in 1781, ' 
I find the following entry relating to Paris : — 

"In the cburch of the English Benedictines, near to 
the abler of Val de Grace, it to t-e leeo the t>odj of Eiiq[ 
Jamei 11.. wbote coffin is kept aboTe gronnd under a 
canopy. Tbey bare hii face in wax, taken off after his 
death. He ii never to be buried till he can receiTS 
funeral hononrs in Weitminstcr Abbey. The Utile 
chapel where be Vitt U in a reiy shattered condition, 
and the ornaments falling to ragi,'* 

I should be glad to hear from any correspondent 
of " X. & Q." whether this circumstance has been 
publicly noticed by other travellers, and whether 
the church still »t»nds. Richard BDGcriiBi. 
Winter Villa, Stonehouse, DcTon. 

Mr. Yates, Cambridge. — Can you give me 
any information as to a Mr. Yutes, who was head 
of one of the colleges at Cambridge at the begin- 
ning of the present century ? £. T. Yatks. 

"KaRTSDET OF Bremes."— What is the mean- 
ing of the above ? It is apparently the name of 
some dish, aa a captain of a vessel at Barbados was 
invited to partake of it. It occurs in a MS. of 
1629. A Bkak. 


SouTHWABE Fair. — When did this fair com- 
mence, and wben was it discontinued 1 Can the 
spot on which it was held be identified ? Have 
any bills of the exhibitions attending it been pre- 
served ? J. K. D, 

The "MEBcrRics Civiccs, London's Istel- 

LiGESCER." — I should like to know whether copies 

of this small weekly paper, ^entp. Charles I., are 

I rare. I have some numbers uncut, ** printed for 

■ eiks.\ 

e»*s.viLJiir.2o/8s.] NOTES AND QDERIEa 

Tho. Batei at ih^ Signe of the Maydeahead on 
Sno^-bill, netire the Cooduite, and L W. F. in 
the Old Baily, 1616." £ich number hiu a roQi;b 
woodcut of the head of Charles I. on the fint 
po((e. CoxsTAsrcE Kusselu 

SirsJIowfleld Park, lUadln^. 

Name op Town Wanted. — Under the title 
'* A Quiet Corner of England/' a churmine **d^ 
ecriptive " article ap[>earod in the Daily .VetM of 
September 30, IS32. Mindfnl, I suppose, that 
CatUn's French retreat, Etretat, is said to have 
been spoilt through the publication to the world 
<iD th&c journal) of a letter from one of its corre- 
apondcDla in France, tbo town's deaignation is 
carefallv withheld. I share with a friend a laud- 
able anxiety to learn from experience Boroethinjj 
more alx)nt the quuintnesse* of the unnamed 
locality. Will any readier kindly help me "on a 
natter of identification"] If I am ever able to 
▼iait the town, I promise that there ahull be none of 
the PhilLstino in my behariour. Hero are ex- 
tracts from the article : — 

''Cromwell came down the long hill the inbabltantt 
•call the Hi|;li Strvet, anJ in the dead of night ieizcJ the 
Lerellan in their lair, and put down with aii iroD hanil 
their Attempted rebcllioa." 

*' When we a«ceuil the fltepR in tb« chnrch tower and 
look over the ai«le, on the ruuf of which Cromwell drew 
up the mutineers to see tlir^ of their number shot, ai 
AD example to the rest, id the ohurchyard botow, we can 
Me iiothtug aare old men lentiiug, doing notUtug, ia thd 
arched doorwa^f of lOdfillJ." 

" On tbo old lead which tinea the font Is chipped by a 
^ggtr'i point, ' Anthonj Sediey, prisoner, I6i9.' '' 

Many of the Silrester family are buried in the 
church. In the town is a decaying priory, where 
"once lived Southall, Speaker of the Long Par- 
liament/' A Monday fair is held in the " lollsey " 
<♦.«., the market-place), and a second edition of 
the fair, known as a ''runaway mop/' occurs about 
the middle of October. Lastly, the place, where- 
€ver it may be («i sic othtim .'), is fivo miies from 
a milwav. WiLFRED Uauorave. 

14. Hoifordgqoftrc, W.C 
[See '* Bnrford E'riorj," «'»» 8. ti. 367 and p. 64 infra.'] 

The Sterrt FaMiLr.— Any one who can 
furniah auy piirticulan of the above will ^eatly 
oblige by writing concerning the same direct to 
me. J. Ashry-Sterrt, 

St. Martin's Chamben, Trafalgar Square, W.C. 

Da. JonM WiiNWRiGHT. — Although this emi- 
nent musician has acquired a world-wide reputa- 
tion as the compAHer of the Rood old Christmas 
tune ** ?5toi;kp)ri," set to Byrom'a " Christians, 
awake," bis life L», nevcrthelean, Teiled in some 
Utile obiiciirity. Beyond the fact that ho wns 
orgtiDist at tho Stockport parish church during the 
laUer half of inht century, little else is known 
about biui here, even in niu»ic;il circles. By some 
it is averred that when he left he went to Man- 

chester, while others maintain that be went to 
Liverpool. Less is known respecting hts earlier 
career. Accordinf^ to local music manuscript books 
bis Christmas tune is known and called by the 
name of "Stockport,'' while in the Bristol Tunt 
Booh the same tune is named "Yorkshire" — a fact 
on which Yorkshiremen pride them^telres not a 
little. The most popuLir mnsic with which the 
name of Wninwrii^ht is associated are the tanes 
■' Stockport " (■' Yorkahire "). " Manchester," and 
"Liverpool," and the glee "Life's a bumper." 
By which name is the lirst-nnmed most ffeneralty 
known ; and what gave occuioo for the change I 



Kbv. TV. Bkhitbt: Rbv. T. Flkxino.— la 
\&)Z Harvard College, in this State, conferred the 
honorary def^ree of D.D. upon the above. They 
were both *' of iScotland," according to the Boston 
newspapers of the day. I presume that they were 
men of some distinction, or a college in a forei^ 
land would not hare honoured them in thia manner. 
C^n any reader of this query inform me where 
they resided, and when and where they died ? 
If they were writers, I should like to hare the 
titles of some of their hooks and any other par- 
ticulars concerning them. Jonn Ward D&aw. 

IS, Somonot Street, Boston, Mass.. U.S. 

Hkrvet db Vesci.— Henrey (nepbew of Tvo 
and grandson of Robert de Vesci) is mentioned by 
the Viscount of Westmoreland in tho Pipe RoU 
31 Hen. I. Aa hia nnme does not again occur in 
that form in the records of the counties of Weat- 
morelaud or CumberUnd, he (or his son Hcrroyy 
has been supposed to have assumed the name of 
one of his manors near Lowther or Morlund. 
What was the name of the mnnor ; and w:is this 
Hervey a son of William de Veacy and Burga his 
wife ? The Vescies held lands within the Forest 
of Kngelwood, KirkUnd. Caldbeck, Warnel, &a, 
in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, tind Hervey'a 
atepsoa Henry Filz Swein held Edenhall in 113!). 

MiDDLR Names. — When was the practice 
adopted of giving middle names to children i 
Would not the use of middle names in u pedigree 
of the sixteenth century cast doubts upon its 
authenticity 7 AmT. 

St. Laud.— Who was he 7 An old chronicler 
of Christ Chnrch Cathedral, Dublin, according to 
some authoritiea, mentions that there were three 
chapels at the east end of the catbednil, dedicated 
respet.'tively to SU Edumud K. and M.,.St. Mary- 
tbe-White.and St. Laud. Christ Church was alniorit 
excluiirelv connected with the colonists in Irc- 
liind, being founded by the Diines, rebuilt by Anyln- 
Normans, and nfterwarda iti the hands of EDgliab 


NOTES AND QUERIES. («*8.vii.ja«.2^«i 

settlers and citizens, »o that it it uQi likely that an 
Iciih or Celtic Bunt b roeant 

L \Y, HAaujfAX, LI.D. 
TAppta— What h the precise m«»iiiDg and 
ongiii of tbii word 3 It ia quite ntw to me, and 
u not pTen io Wel»Urt Xlirf , or nuj other 
dictionary that 1 haTo oQOBnlted ; it is probably, 
boveTfcr, a well^knowo t«rm nmone bookhinders, 
I haTO jiut met with the word in Th« i*«6fuAer*' 
Circular, p. 163,— "Bagufcer*! Bibles, In sheep 
yapped^ with elastic Bs^nd.^ 

F. C. EiRKBicK Teert. 

"PaAUfl DAVlDia ; Pr0V<BBTA SALOMOlfW," 

Ac— I hare an old Toluoie of DAvid'a P*a?mf, 
*cw It giTM the ongidftl Hebresr text, with an 
iDterlinear Litin tran*lAtion, anfi raargiool notes 
(printed) In Latin, with TJinoim Hebre^r reading 
The title-page turn thoA.^Fmt, the Hebrew 
titlo, Chen 

" P»fmi DftTidii | Prorerbu SalnmonU | EedeilwtM 

' at I Cfcniicttrn C«iEieonim | Hvbi^ic^ | cum Inter- 

Iinun T«r«ione S^tii PKf;ntn[ ■, j Be/iedicti Ane Mon- 

tut Si ilionrm c&l]*to itadio J ui Hebrmicua dictioutim 

<tilig«n ( tuniL^ erpenv." 

Here there followi an allegoHcjit de<i[fn or emblem 
of two ftorki in tnid air, one feeding the other, 
mminnded bjr a ribbon, on which is printed 

HoQora patrem Tunm et mat rem Inam ut sis 
^;W!?» ""f*"" terram, Exo. 3CJ." fThU ia remark- 
ably like the emblem described on pp, gg, S9 of 
Gild's Sftji#per* imrf M* £m6^ JTKffri.) 
Under tbu picture is printai, « Pariiiit, j Sampti- 
boa Sebastrani Cranjoi*y, tiA ( Jacobe^i sub Ci- 
conyi. I jLDcixXJr. | cum prJTilego Eegis." 
pen foHowi on the next pa^e the dedication, 

Armando Jaannt Eminent iBsimo, S.RE. Gtn- 
dmah De Richelieu," The rolume contains 
pp, jiv-416. Can any of your readera eito me 
any information about this old book J What is 
Its preveeit raluef 

^n « . Harry MacAdlat FitzGibbojt, 
49, Mtnwn Square, Dublin. 

A Ntw YBAR'a Gre«tiwo.^A friend of mine 
who resided for many yeara io South Pembroke- 
abir^teUiinie that it U a custom in that county 
to fpnnkle with water-when that fluid is within 

r* " wuP*"'?-°.'^*' *" '^^«<* ^' a happy new 

year." What light can bo thrown u^n thiB 
CunoDs cnstora T q r 

32.Aing«rBfl«l, N.W, ^ ^ 

r.uZl ^74''^'-^*aT«™ tho words "from 
plajjoe^peatilenoe and famine Good Lord del™ 

us, first introduced into the Litany? Thenjwasa 
special form of prayer issued in 1721, when the 
plague wa^ lupp..*^ to be approachEnp EDcland 
from the Continent. Where <^d I see thia ? * 

F^TCAToRT.^Io Tora Moore*4 journal (toL if^ 
of JVorhtf &&, edited by Lord John Bnaaell, 
p. 268) o<^or« the folluviag paraago rekting \» 
my father, Hans Biuk :— 

" B^ceiTftd m, new v«rk bj thfl latbr-r of 7%< Eanqiut^ 

letters with wlikL va mmu of literature dclti^ht Ut rub 
each other. Malt rub bim* of courwe^ in retun." 

I should be glad to know if this word /riaUor§ 
was coined for the occasion, or if it nccurs in other 
writers. E. H. Buss;, 

"Tag WHALRBoStB."— In the Ann, Heyuter for 
1790, p. 197, there in an account of a man tearin|{ 
down the colours in the courtyard of St, Jamea's 
Palace^ *'' He made his escape Id the whalebont^ 
where he was seised." At p, 194, anoLher man ia 
mentioned, who " wrote a libel against his Majesty, 
and stuck it on the wbaleHone in the courtyanL' 
What waA the *' whalebone" I In the nei^bbour- 
hood of Whitby one often meets with the jaw^bcoe 
of a whale set up as jvn eDtr^^nce-arch to a ^eld or 
farmyard. TbeM bones are relics of the Greea- 
lafid fishery of former days. Tbey are, indeed, the 
boues of a wbde, but not whalebone. Wut ther* 
such a jawbone at St. James's ? JaVDEE, 

Tnn J^^AiL OP TBE LiTTt^E FiSGaR left to 
Gro'v^ — Is this a cop^uion practice abroad, and 
where ? Moliere, in MitanOiTOjfe, writes : — 

" Eit ec par I'ea^lfl long qa'i! porta au petit doigt, 
<^a1l s'eil acquij ch»TuUB I'honnfiur i>u I'oa le voitT^'' 

I hare seen it abroad, and renJeniber p:irticularly 
that ft German baron of one of the oldest families 
in the Almfina^ rf< Golha, though young', and 
rather a swell, allowed one (i^r both nails) lo grow 
nearly an inch 1oq|^^ and kept it rery sharp and 
pointed. I was told at ibc time that it h ti mark 
of distinction between the i^eiilTeman and thfr 
workman. The latter wotiM find such an orna- 
ment (?) a rather inconrenient appendft^e- 

jc H. a 

Authors or QuotATtozta Wahtid. — 

"What U my offence, my lonll— Tbe worst of all 
ofTencei, thou haat outlirsd tiiy tikitiK." 

A. Cinatar Jovu, 




(e»* S, vi. 4&4.) 

I bare read with coQ^iderable intrrest Mr, 

£. M, BoTLE'a remarks on the WoLboroi<k'h shielda 

and conjunctively those at Ashwater. KeLuive to 

Wolborougb he allude* to the drawings before kin^ 

but of Asbvater evidently rensons oei tiich infomn-' 

tion as he found in my work. I much wiib Jw 

coald haTe read it in the light of the personal 

acquaint&ncQ with that vhurch which 1 bcUtrtl 

*»8.vii.j*i.,2o.'83.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


isea*!, ai he would hnve e9ctipe<1 much confusioo 

td micnpprehension^ nnd doublless left some of 

ts strictures unsaid. Mh. Botlk will acquit tue 

dUoourtery if I nbataiD from answeriog all be 

advanced itriafim ; I now wish to content mj- 

hlf with giving a luiber mora extended detail of 

le TievTM nnd circurnvtanceR contained in my book 

a coDtribiition towurda the investigation of thU 

itereating Bubject, 

In AsbwAter Church »re eii shields, three on a 

kb and three in u window. On the touib recline 

ro e£B>!ies, n knit^ht nnd t\ liidy. Orer the figures 

a canopy, and the front of llie canopy is formed by 

arch, from wbich extend two curved projections 

led ** cuspft." At the points or cndii of the cusps 

bosses, each formed of un angel holding a shield. 

le poaition of these ehietds is peculiar. Instead 

of beinu dispiiiyed perpendicularly, as is usual, the 

angeU huid tbem so that they incline horizontally 

~ iward, or iduio^t upward, towards the cavity of the 

mopy. From being ibus conipnratively sheltered 

le bearings on them have been better preserved. 

Asfuming the spectator to be standing facing 

le tomb, the feet of the d^fures would l^e opposite 

lis left hitnd and their be.ids oppoaite bis ri^ht. I. 

►n tbe boss of the cusp of the arch over the feet of 

le fijfurcs is a fhicld thus clurued: — Buron, Car- 

linow uith label of three, impaling Femrae, 

"blaDk. 2. On the boss of tbe cusp of tbe arch over 

the hetids of the figures is a shield charged thus: — 

I'lr- [), Cariuinow with a label of three, impaling 

t't'iniiie, Courteuuy with a label of three. 3, 

: IfeBiiitot. from the helmet supporting the bead of 

L the knight is a shield charged wholly (all the field) 

httith Curminow with a label of three. The relative 

Hosilion of this shield would be immediately below 

ribield No. 2. 

The shields on the cusps ore somewhat muti- 
lated, and have been covered with repeated layers 
of wbitewfisb, and although this was carefully re- 
moved and examined no distinct truces of colour 
were distinguiahahle beneath, except u ruddy 
foundation as a prepiiration apparently for gilding. 
But a sure testimony is left by other means. Tbe 
^anngs are incised perfectly in outline on both 
lields, but no truce of lines is found on the bUnk 
ipalement to indicate thut any cbnrge ever ex- 
ited thereon. The shield insuant from the helmet 
ita charge Bcolptured in relief, and traces of 
proper tinctures are still perfectly discernible. 
Tbe tomb occupies a position nearly hulfway 
>wo in the wall of tbe south aisle. In the east 
rindovr of this aisle are three other shields, one 
rer two. in piiinted glass. 1. That in the apex of 
Lthe window cnutuins niniply a brge capital Li>m* 
IWdic letter M. 2. Below on tbe dextvrside is; — 
fewon, C.irew, imptding Femme, Cnrminow. 3. 
^0 the fciointer siJc: — Buron, bhink, impaling 
f»tnnie, Counenny and De Redvers, qunrlerly. 
thft bUak is n pUtn piece of glass, and has tbe 

appearance of a modem insertion for the ancient 
impalement that had been destroyed, probably by 
accident. I hope the foregoing will make thestato 
of things at Asbwater tolerably cle^r. 

I will now proceed to Wolborongh Church, 
where there uro three shields in painte 1 ghisB in a 
window: — 1. Quarterly of four, 1 and 4, De Vere; 
2 snd 3, Arcedekne. 2. Parted per pule, Baron, 
Carminow with Ubel of three; Fcinme, C^urteniiy 
with label of three differenced. 3. Purled per pale, 
Baron, Beaumont of .Sherwill ; Femme, Courtenay, 
labelled iind diU'erenced as before. 

I am gliid to have the opportunity of correcting 
the error in my book as to quarters I and 4 in 
shield Mo. I, having mislakcn De Vere for Fitz- 
warrcn, a similarly emblazoned coat, as Elizabeth 
Cogan, Sir Hugh Courlenay's first wife, was widow 
nf Fulk FitKwarren. At tbe time of my notes tbe 
glass was dim nnd discoloured, and had not been 
cleaned and restored as it now appears. The du- 
cuvery came too late for correction. 

Thomas Carminow, who died 21 Henry Vf., 1J43 
(Pole), left two diingfaters coheirepseii, Margnret and 
Joan. Sir Hugh Cuurtenay, of Uaccombe (by right 
of his second wife), woa younger brother of Edward, 
Enrl of Devon. He murried thrice: 1. Eliziibeth 
Cogan, widow of Fulk Fitzwarren; 2. Philippn, 
daughter nnd coheirefia of Warin Arcedekne ; 3. 
Miiud, daughterof Sir John Beaumont, of Sherwill. 
She died July 3, 7 Edward IV., 1407 (Cleveland). 
By bis second wife Philippa he had one daughter, 
Joan, who married first Nicholas (Baron) Carew, of 
Otteij-Mohun, and bead of that house, and her 
eldest son Kicholas married Joan Carminow, of 
Asbwater, tbe younger of the two coheiresses ; 
secondly she married Sir Robert Vere. By his third 
wife, Maud Beaumont, Sir Hugh had a son Hugh, 
who married Margaret Carminow, the elder of the 
coheiresses. This was a curious relationship, as 
Nicholas Carew, who married Joan Cantiinow,waa 
the son of the hidf-siater of Hugh Courtenay, who 
married Margaret Carminow. It is therefore seen 
that in one case only a Carew married a Courtenay 
as a wife; io the other three, Courtenays married 
Arcedekne, Beaumont, and Curminow as their 

On the Asbwater tomb we find: 1. Carrainovr, 
impaling bUnk; 2. Carminow impaling Courtenay. 
If these be the effigies of Thomas CarmiDOW and 
his wife Joan Hill, the blank impalement would 
have been occupied presumably with the chevron 
and water- bougets of her family; if the shields 
were designed to represent the matches of his 
daughters, then the vacancy should have shown the 
lions of Carew. Margaret Carminow was the elder 
of the coheiresses, head of her family; her husband 
Hugh was the representative of a younger branch 
of the Courtenays only, although the coronet woi 
restored to his son. At Wolborough the mar- 
sbulIiDg of tbe arms follows that of the shield on the 




The EpirnANT Agip» of Tcfi Cocucn cf 
Ofiiuo {ij}^ S. TiL 3},— Is it not very probable 
thnt the ceremonieB to wbicli my friend Sfn, Car- 
iitt^HAEL refers aw connected with the tuitncl* at 
the iimrrmp* feast of Canar one of the three nmni- 
fpfltftlmriB ftlltided to* fnon* than once, in the offit'e 
of the Epiphnny (vidt Roman Bpeviary, Aot. nd 
Mfi^Ti. ex iu Vesp. in Epiph.): "Tribus mirnculia 
nmnliun diem afinctum colittitis^ hodie atella Mrif^Da 
dHJtitml prn-aepiHin : hodie Tinum ei aqua factum 
ent lid uiiptiiu : hodi« in Joriian« a Joanne 
ChrifttiH hjiplirwL voliiit^ lit sftlTaret nop, alleluia" ( 
Thn KpipiihTij ifl Btlll cfilled in many coimtries the 
*' Kinj^V IViiJit," nnd it la douhtlcps in ftUoaion to 
tliJB fiiimp nijBtcry thflt we retniii the oM cuMom 
fjf having' mir twelfth cole ivnd choosing a kinp, 
nnt iniTt' iiiiitJitiimB, w touie have supposed, of the 
aiiiiii-nt pii^nn fiiliirmJio. 

Till* c(]«ti>jii i^f Mcis^ing the wnier on the tiriI pf 
tliix fiNLHt, itt ii]lii!tlim to out JjOinrA bitptin^m. is still 
n4tuti4'd in Hphii' luirtAof the Wcat,andtlieEiiBterti 
riiUTt:li Iww JtlwavK rt-IlKinusty glarrved it. At 
lliMiu* iJiti tMTi'iiinny hiken place in the Chuich of 
a And re II dfllit Vulk% Jvnd in thfit of the Stini- 
urntA. Baktwkll D. Grissgll. 

iJnucROfo ColJf^r Oxf^rJ. 

BuRKnp!) Pnionr, Oxforusuirr (6** S- ti. 
3fi7).— There is within the church t\i\li of Burford 
Church a utone with tbia inscription : — 

*' Here lyetli Mi* totiy nf John Pry^^r. Q^nL, ntha wni 
niiirdered Hnd Tuuitd Indden in the Priurr Unrd^n. in 
thii imriph, the -"^1 day of April, Anno nomirii, 161*7, nnd 
r/M Luriod the Uih Ujiy of tbc i&me luontb in (J7th jcir 
of hid ape."* 

The K^rl of Aberdeen, who married the widow 
nf Speaker LentbHll's (^raadson, wast Iried for 
the murder find acquitted at the Oxford u»aize& 
July 21J-23, ](i97. Prior was one of the triaeteee 
tiDder the witl nf Spe^iker Lenth^ill, whose aeirnnt 
he had been. Extmrta from contemporary news- 
papers arc giTcn in North Oxtm. Arc/L So(. Rtp^t 
for 1870. £d. Marshall 


440),— The hue Sir AVjIlitini Erie, Chief Judfje of 
the Coniinon Plenn, told me of euch a conspjmcy 
of thieTea OQ the WeBtem Circuit. When one of 
th« piapg wu ftireited nnd tried, the rest, eay fire 
ID number, acted <m aliin. One of the fire was 
to represent the priaoner. They wnlked out to- 
gether, went to a pubtic-botiBe together, bftd a 
quarrelf mcLde it up, drank beer^ &c* All this 
each swore to, and ench was confident it wan 
on the evening when the robbery took phice, and 
when each of the four swore the prisoner waa with 
them. Their evidence waa suspected, and tbej 
were examined aeparatelyj but the more each was 
crosa^eicamined the more consiitent and trae seemed 
the itory, for all vnu trae except the date and the 
identity of the Mth man. It could only have been 

confuted by prodaclng the hmdiord of tb« »]«- 
honse, who, not suspectiag luch & m&tter, w««, of 
course, not in court. Tbe man wu acquitted ; but 
though the rabi; tried the same Tillainj a|^D it 
wni not ^uccemfuU I cannot gire tbe dat« or the 
as^Kj;? tqwQ, but it was while Sir Wm. Erie wat &( 
the Bar, J. Carkick Moor^ 

Nell GwrxxE's Hotrst {e>^ S. tu 4S8). — 
** The rew Btreet from FiccadillT to BtwHuabory will, 
iQ tritTcninjr Soho, pMi over the sit? of the hnnm whkh 
li probably th« lub in London that euip witb «nj c«r- 
tuiiitT, be pninCcd out u a hotna uF >tJl Owjnne. 
StAudm^ tbcn in Hod^ Lids hy the Millurj Qftrden^ 
it IB now Xfl. 53, Wirdoar Streflt (until ree«ntlj No. M, 
PriacH S^treet), it ibc «oaEfa-«»tefn eomer of Rich" 
nmnd StKtL It would seem that ^elt QwrnnA lLT«if 
h«r? nt some time within tbe mtcmt 1667^1^70, far ia 
]tlt?7 fliC WM, at Ft" rtconii, ludxiufi in Drurj Lmh ; 
and in IdTO inhabited a hnuM on th« n^rtb side of P»ll 
JUlt. ncKt to Lft'tj M*rT Howanr*. In 1^1 the ^btaliwd, 
under Act of Pftrliametit. a free ef>nTeirKnc« t^Tm. home 
»nd »tte Oh the «outh tide of that «crett, wtiich iha 
iMscupitd until her death in her tbiftT-eigihtb yctr> in 
li>^i. Thii la^t-named hnuse, aJjoudT^K; th« CuanCeH of 
PurttandX hh purcb*fed by tb* WnlJegraTe familj ; 
Hi«te iiat prcHnt occupii-d bj the ttiotp modem prt^ 
misef of the Ea^^Ie laiurapix Company,"— Froin Tk* 
Court JitunuiL 

Celbr et Acdax 
XotbtP^ cin be more absurd tb»n the attempt 
of tbe writer in Land to place Nell Gwyno^i 
hnnse in Wardour Street. When I was writing 
Oid and XtiD London I thoroughly examined the 
subject, and consider that her house stood in Pall 
M^U, on tbe nort h side, n^ nearly aa possible where 
tbe Artny and Nary Club now stands. U 13 a 
perfectly gratuitous and unprored (and, I beliflro, 
an ucprovable) o-^sertiou (hat St. James's Pmk 
then extended 10 tbe bottom of Richmond Street. 
£. Walford, K.A« 
Hamr^teadj N.W. 

LisTGTON : O'Co^fKELL (6^ S* tL 2S8).— I 
regret that I can give L, no inrormation abont 
C^Ltberine* daut^bter of Sir Edward Ldjigtoo and 
wife of OoL Maurice O'Connell. K has followed 
the Chevalier O'Gorman lo slAting that C6L, 
O'Connell was second cousin of the LiheratorV 
gTaadfdtber* This is incorreet^-C*jL 0'O>Dn«U 
wafl first cousin of Daniel Fitz-Jeffrey O'ConneHL 
of Darrinane and Agfaort, who wlu grandfutber of 
Daniel O'Connell of Darrinnne, the Libenitoi's 
grandfather. Boss O'Cokhell. 

02, Dp]>er Mount Street, Dublin, 

The HEiEAnip or the Fkrcifs : Ei^Bxa or 
NoRTHCsiBKRLASD (6^ S. T. 343, 431; vii. 28):— 
If F. J>, will consult tbe ilrrald and Qtneai^^ut^ 
vol, til pp. S70-1, he will «ee thnt the Parer 
pedigree quoted from Banks is one of the most 
impudent genealogical forgeries ever perpetrated. 
Witts pnrporiing to be those of Maximilian Wood* 
ruffe, 1@5£ (whow rery cxiateboe ia doubtlaiX aad 


»«.2o.>83.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

of hii representative John Puver, 1760. were foryed 
and placed in the registry iil York. The latter ex- 
tended over IbS yetxn and proved eight genera- 
tions ! These forgeries were discovered nod ex- 
posed by William Downing Bruce, K.S.A., in 1854. 
Hunter, in hi:* ,^outh Y&rkthire^ baa the following 
puaage, vol. ii. p. 3»7t — 

*' In nnpVinton, ftn'l in a blotter autbority, Uarl. MS., 
tlOTO. f. Vli, it ii »liown that Richnrd Woodruff hud 
ianie hy lite coheir of the K*r\ of Nunhumbcrlan<), who 
waa l<«beAdtrd at York^ a iun named Joshua ur Ji>«e|>h, 
who marned Mak:d)ilonf, daughter and heir cf Koicor 
BiUinttB, Eki.. of Mnrtlia>;are. near l>ei>bigh. in Wales, 
by wbom Cbarlei, Jotepb, Fraocia, Foljumbe, aud 

So the heira of Lady Elizabeth Percy have yet to 
be traced. Edmund 5t Butle. 

CMii II, Stdvit O&azeb&ook has written to the 
nme efr«cL] 

F. D. is quite right in stating that the heirship 
of the earlier Percicii is veated in the reprenentatives 
of the aeventb eur! ; hut thia does not affect the 
point I ruiiit!)), viz., that the present t>i]keA of 
Northumberhind hare no part or lot in the heir- 
ahip of the Perciea. MTiat I meant by my ex- 
preseion vr9 that the Duke of Atholo was sole 
beir of the Percies, Ihiku of Northumberland, of 
whom the present (Smithaon) line of dukes are, as 
I explained, "neither heirs male nor heirs geoeml.'* 
I hope that by the addition of thia proviso my 
critic's scruples may be sfttufied. 

J, H. Round. 


Tni SnnryRs ok Pco Wopfinoton amd 
KiTTr Clive (G^ S. vi. 507; viL SO).— Since 
writing the notice which appeared at the former of 
the ftbove references, I have learnt that the veraea 
to Mra. Clive were written by her friend Miss 
Pope, the actress. I may perhaps odd, with re- 
finence to Peg WofTiofiton, that daring her re- 
■idence at Teddington the minister of the parish 
vma Br. Stephen Hule, one of the witnesses of 
Pope's will and the ** plain p&rson Hale " of the 
Mitral Kstnyn (Esji. ii. 1. 100). Though fond of 
scieDce, Dr. H^le^s opinions on church matters 
were of the old school; and the present vicar in- 
forms mo that there are several entries in the 
pariah register of persons who were comiielled by 
bim to do public penance. Dr. Hale survived his 
celebrated parinhiooer and (I hope) friend only a 
abort tiute. He was buried under the quaint 
little tovrei of the pariah church. F. O. 

Btsnop BrRXKT'a Civil War Collections 
S. vii. 21).— The MSS. of Bishop Burnet are 
' in«d in the will of John King, D.I)., master 
Charter House, which was proved at the 
in DeceiiiLfr, 1738, as being in his posses- 
He bequeathed them to bii university 
(OA/ord, I believe). I should ft«I obliged if any 

of your readers could give me the parentage of this 
John King, which I have been long seekiog. He 
was a landowner near Tewkesbury, and had a 
brother, a "^ Major" King, who was ancestor to 
Sir John Doshwood King, Bart. He appears to 
have bad Iri.^h connexions in the Burkes, of 
Currantula, co. Galway. W, L. Kino. 

Watlingttm, Norfolk. 

Brtlts (G**" S. vi. 369).— One would like, wct« 
it passible, more textual reference, but wunliog 
this I would conjecture that it is the hnil or 
hrolium of Du Cuoge. He says it was " nemux, 
ailva aut aoltus iu quo ferarum venatio exercetnr; 
maxime vero silvn muris aut sepibns cincta undo 
nominis etymon, quod a Grteco irt/x/ioAtor effic- 
tum," &c Among his instances he gives, ** In 
brolio episcopi extra civitatem fere omnes castra- 
uietati fuerunt"; and another of a synod held in 
the church of St. Afory, "utque in tertia [die] in 
prate quod dicitur brorium (flbi Merc.Uorius rect« 
monet legendum BroliHm)'* Possibly the writer 
meant a part of the churchyard so enclosed. 


Bryly$ is probably an alternative form of 6uru/, 
biriei^ or berUl (seo Halliwell), meaning a tomb. 
" Among the SQjntes buricli lot;ngo." 

It would then be derived from the A.-S. hyrgel. 
We have auiple analogy of the metathesis of the r, 
for the same bos happened with the words grass, 
bright^ Wright^ Ac, in their transition from Saxon, 
and an opposite change is observable in the words 
tirrf,fe»rn,(A(>r/i,&c,as compared with earlier forms 
of the same. Byrgd is itself a diminutive of byrig, 
and is therefore akin to hiorgan, to defend. Hence 
byrgel meant a place of safety and then a tomb. 
Uorne Tooke assigns to the Latin apdiri the same 
origLQ of defence, connecting it with the root of 
$fpe$, a hedge. J, W. Crombib. 

Balfownie, Aberdeen. 

Is not this word a perverted form of gryhjr=^ 
a grille or screen of open metal work I 

F. Stdnet Waddinqtobt, 

Obviously thia is a clerical error for gryhji, %,e, 
grille. A. HARTaHORNB, 

Should not Ibis be &ry(yi=»brattice, a partition 7 


Wardrobe (e*" S. vt 38S).— I regret that I am 
unable to give further examples of this use of the 
word, but I may perhaps mention that a similar 
stone to that fixed in the wall of Chertsey church- 
yard may be seen in the wall of Chiiwick church- 
yard. The inscription, so far as my memory serves 
me, is the same, word for word, but at Cbiswick 
profanation is spelt " propbanalion." T. W. 

The comparison of the grave to a wardrobe, 
where the body ia laid aside like a garment vbfta 




not in wear^ can be illostrated oat of many writers. 
Bp. Pearson Bays the primitire Christians " thought 
them [our bodies] no ways to be neglected after 
death, but carefully to be laid up in Uie wardrobs 
of the graTo" (Exposition of ike ^Crttd, art ir., 
su&/fk). Bp. Wordsworth, commenting on " Thy 
raiment waxed not old upon thee '* (Deut. riii. 4), 

" Ambrose, Dt Fide, ii. 2, lees here » fieore of the 
preserration of the reiture of the humsn body in the 
vanlrolt o/ the jTrurt". and to Bedo, Qu. 'J in Deut. If 
God could thus pre«erTe ttn reiCiire of bodiei, c&unot 
He restore the Kidies thccueWei ! '' 

Swedenborg says, " A man at death escapes from 
hU material body as from a rent or worn-out 
Testure "; and so Geo. Mac Donald: — 

" We fhou'.d teach our children to think no mora of 
their bodies when dead than tbey do of their hair when 
it is cue off, or of their old clotfaei when tbej hare 
dona with them." — Annahof it QuiU Seiff^urhocd^ 
p. 4S1. 

Compare: — 

** Take them. Grare ! and let them lie 
tV'Ided upon thy narrow thclrei. 
As iianuenti by the loul laid br, 
Ani precious only to onnclTei ! *' 

L-jngre'.low, S»ipiri.u 
'* THiy am I not more derin>ni to be aaelotbed of this 

bodv • Wh» 13 this bus my clown garment, which 

when it i< once put cflf. my teal is at liberty and ease.' — 
Bp. Hall, \^>H, in>r». xi. 7€ (Oxford ed.\ 

This idea has received a feeling expreision in the 

following pretty rerses by the Dnchcss of Xev- 

castle: — 

" Great Nature the dc^th cloathe the Kit wi:fcin 
A Fleshly Oann^nt which the Fa:es io f^ia; 
.\nd when theK Gannenu are g rown ill tai tajc. 
With fickcem torn, I*eata taxes :'ie= cf with care. 
And f<\U them up in Peace aci ^-iiie: Scss; 
^ iays thiza safe within an E4r:c..y 0<«fS, 
Then scocrs chcni asi cake* ^i-i twtti m-zA clean. 
Fit fcr the S02I to w«a; tbcee cl:shj afain." 

/".tzu, p. :si 

Compare these lines from Heirless Eyiia^h on 
*?ir i'i. '.rkVi .* — 

*' B::; ttrs '» the scck: cf a ti-diccs day. 
Thf#f ;w3 %iUi^ are: I "A is: be uairest, 
Ar.d *-• 10 It-L Pray wiih ZM ai: ff»l rest'" 

If G. F. E. B. df ^Ires fanner ill :2s tin: ions he will 
fia.; *c=:e ir 11:7 Li^.r-a /rem a fVord-BunUr's 
SvU-L, -i, p, ii, *: ;. 

'a. Svttsz Pauczb, Cik. 
Irfa.Tcfu Suii«^ 

An?:b#r eiApp'.* of the 3» cf this word will 
V* frjr.i :n Ohi-^r's C^uurlury Ta^tt ("The 
Fr!>:>f**e< Tale ~ : — 

** Th:f falfe Jiwe him h«t. Br:i fanid fvX faice, 
Anl k^s hzi xhroce. and in a put* hira caste 
1 my ia a T^^r^rei^ thay him thrvve, 
Waer as iLt Jewci parpen her catnire." 

EvxKA&D Hoxs CoLDtur. 
n» Bnciaock Bcttd. 

The following ia an early instance of the ue of 
this word: — 

" And the yongger [danghter] was so cherisshed. thai 
she dede what she wolde ; and as sons bj she had hcrde 
a litelte masse, and sude ii or iii pater nosten, she cone 
into the warderobe to ete browesse or sum other nete, 
and till she had broken her fait she saida her hede ok« 
rhead ached], but hit was but euel of custumaaee.'*^ 
The Book of the KnigKt of La Tour-Landryt 1483^ eh. tL 
p. 8. 

E. F, R 

"He carries Bangor" (6*^ S. vL 369).— 
Bangor is a rirer-port town in Maine, U.S., and 
has a large timber trade, in which more than two 
thousand vessels are employed. Mr. Emerson's 
expression seems to mean no more than that the 
old woodman has so studied the "art of travel* 
that his " resources " are equal to knocking up » 
shanty, a makeshift Bangor, wherever be may be, 

£. H.M. 


Bangor in North Wales is famous for its roofiog 
slates, hence** the forester who can always find 
shelter *' carries Bangor with him. 6. H. T. 


Aldinks asd Elzevirs (6** S. ri. MSX — 
BiBUOPBiLOS will find all the information be 
desires with respect to Aldine and EbEerir editions 
in the two following bibliagraphiea — Benonaid 
(A. A.^, AnnaUs dt VImprimerit de* Alde^ third 
edit., Paris. 1S34, 8T0.,and Willems (AJph.),X« 
' E'uviir, Bittoire tt Annala TypograpkipMp 
Gind, \^S*\ Sto. — both of which are indispensable 
:o a collector of Aldinea and Elzevirs. 

Th-jTiXOD, Hcmcastle. 

T:yzTAELS (6*^ S. vL 3S9).— This ides as to 
vineyards appears to be a popular error. In Brand's 
i Pi'pulir Aniiquiiiis (Bohn's ed., vol. liL p. 380), 
I fv^'jixtig from BarringtoD's C^Kirafioiu on our 
! Ancient StatutiSf it is remarked:— 
I ''^thcr Tn!gar errors are that the old. statutes have 
I prchi:iud the i^lanting of Tinerard*, cr the use of saw- 
is; xcil'.f. relating to which 1 cannot find any statute; 
. ib-tT art. howcrer. estsblinhed in Scotland. 10 the veff 
* greas adTanuge both of the proprietor and the country." 
'' They ' refers^ I suppose, only to the sawing-miUt» 

£. H. M. 

Larrt TrARr*s Pu; (6** S. vL 3SS).— Full 
particular? of the life and death of an interesting 
anim^ iden:ical. I WUeve. with Larry Ward's 
p'£. may be foimd in :>:r J. Barrincton*s Ptnonai 
MtmMn, onder the title of •" The Ennisc«tlqr= 
Boar."* ItoAs O'CoyyELL. . 

e-Zt Tpper JAottBt Strret, Ihiblia. 

RsxARKABLB CV>sKT IX THE Testtr Csamnir 
(6<^ S. TL d34X— F. & wishes to know whethsr 
thcR is any other recoid of « eooMt kvb hj Um 



line monki of St. Gall in the t«nth cen- 
idef a reference to it which he quotes from 
leffel'ft EkJuhani, That work is a roniunce, 
V, I belieTe, no date for the real or Bup- 
^rnetary appearance, I cannot find the 
if Ann alts OalUiuts meotioned by F. S.; 
aiet " in the tenth century " Li so viigne a 
, that allhough thequotaiion in Ekkmitrd 
c lillude to March as the month of ita 
ce, I should be glad if he would quote, if 
the posau^'e from the AnnaUs GalUruts 
r, nt least, so a« to |;ive the year in which 
(t WW Ken by the monks. Ifsubatan- 
le account would be interesting, ns haring 
Tiooflly overlooked. There is^ I believe, 
nee to any snch comet In Pingrt^'s CometQ- 
which, although published now (exactly 
e U 1783) a century ago, is attU almost on 
re authority conceroio^; early comets seen 
e. Many more have, indeed, been found 
the eiirly Chinese record'i ; but the one in 
I if reivlly seen in St. G^all, should hare 
uded in Fingr^a liit. W. T. Ltkk. 

iXMi Chr(mi4iU records two comets in this 
viz., ** A.D. i)05. This year a comet ap- 
m the thirteenth before the Kalends of 
ftr." *' 095. In this year Appeared 
Uteit&r-" Fkuibrick K Sawvjeb. 

SfO (6** S. vii. 7, 36}.— Additional iu- 

f the occnrtences of this word are cited, 

^ cumlynfce, Aduoutj'* in the Caiholxcon 


»!•, Pnch pf Coiucignct, 13S4, giret: 

la noghl tiUlf , LoTerd. sayi he, 

^or T am a comme/yity toward* )>e, 

Liid pit{p-ym, all alio my fodars w aa,* 

liilatiun of ' A'f tiltnt </iumiaw adrena too nt» 

f pTf^riMMf, tiott tytHTHS patrt* m«.' In Ch« 

Hniii, p. 392, 1. 1)782. we are told :— 

' T — ' ^;7Pi (loyec riirbt na fuika 

i!ii war yea atlucn alike.* 
> . '^inh. Hi. 4, where it is tited as a 

1 uf tlis VulKBte ro/oriN^, RialBo in Harriaon'i 
a of £n<)laHd, ]£S7, p. tf, col. 3, where we 
•rbCD the Saxon* came to England 'within a 
t new comttnift htit^n tomoleitthe homelingi.' 
cotuel/ttji; ' {Medulla j." 

Promplorium Parvuhrnm (Camden 
the entries "Cumlingo" and "Come- 
re illustrated by the notes : — 
Iraine. when he had lonfr time left th« lady 
had eiiiouted iu a fnreicii land, is called by 
tnoer 'an trnkind ouralyDE ' (firdiM and 
I'l', V -.efffjitj* occurs in Hob. of Glouccs*"'* 

;: version (he foMowioe pafsages 
K couit^ij^iige which ii a pilgrim at >ou ' 
'lii. 'Id); ' Mmt 'lens I biircbe vou as cnme- 
yf^trymt' (1 Pet. ii. 11). The folbwinir 

PotytKronieoH tn rcferanc* to the we of tbo French 

lanifiiagc lu firitaiu: 'The lonnnsfe of >'unnan(llc is a 
coi^jugc of another lande/ in tbc originul ativfntitia,'* 

Oommeliue ia still a surname, nnd is, I suppose, 
syoonymous with Ifewcorae, L'E^trauge, Guest, 
and the tike. In Scotland a cumlin is a cut or 
other onimul that takes np itt abode at a. place to 
which it dues not really belong. St. Swithim. 

Eaict'ComcT and tuwi-cumtin in the £.D.S. 
Lanc€uhir9 Qlustary^ where the meaning is given 
as '* one froui another district, a stmnger. From 
A.-S. cumanf to come ; cf. O.H.G. dumuHnq^ a 
new comer, a stranger." Karet is the Lancashire 
pronunciation of out^ so far as it can b« represented 
in ordinary spelling. The Oiowary adds seven 
quotations in which the word is used in some form 
or other, namely, from John of Treviaa, 1387; 
Hompole, 1340; Wyclif (two), 13fi0; PrompioTium 
Prtrt'iWonim, 144r»; William Harriaon's Jjacrip' 
Hon of Bmjhindy 1687,New Shakspere Society's el, 
bk. ii. c. ix. p. 169; and John Scfaoles's Jauni to 
<Sc< ih« Qntcn, the last being an illustration ia 
the Lancashire dialect. J. H. Nodal. 

The Last Eaul or Choharty (G"" S. vl 500, 
542).— Please to correct an error in the date of the 
inacription on the gravestone of the youngest 
dan(Ebter of George, last Earl of Oromartie. It 
should be *' Ob. £0 January 18(>0, .-Euit. 62." 

James Oibsok. 

PKor A Catholic (B"» S. vi. 364 ; vii. 32X— 
The word " accnsation " hardly applie« : a man 
may fancy he eeea reason to change his religiona 
profession without incurring a criminal oborge.*^ 
We have to thank Mr. MAnsnaLL, however, for 
looking out the passage which narrates Tilloteon'a 
Investigation *, but be will see it is not a new light 
thrown on the matter (aa the form of his note 
rather scema to imply), because 1 had already 
alluded to it. Neither does it touch the signiflcAnce 
of the other two facts. R. H. Busk. 

SALi-sncHT Cathedral (6* S. vi. 3li6, 620).— 
On looking again at the note written on a blank 
space of JL ConecrdaiicU of Ytores, I find that 
K. L. Q/b suggestion that " East ffarnura " should 
be East Harnham (or rather Eiut Hamum), is 
correct. The writing of the note is as bad as the 
spelling, and renders it presumptuous to say for 
certain what the word given as ** doors " really is ; 
but it is evidently not '* bowea," and is more like 
"doors," or rather "dooros," than anythinif else, 
Themistake of supposing the nnmberof weeks in a 
year to be repredcuted by the door* of the cathe- 
dral may have been that of the writer of the note. 
The supposed anachronism discovered by Mb. 
HoLLANTi disappears in face of the fact that the 
no^c which mentions the date 1662 is written (ai 

• **AccnMtlon, the act of charjpnK with a cnme or 
offcDte of aiiy wrong or injaatica.'* — Wtbtter- 



[flt* S. Vn. Jax. 20, •ss. 

stated at the former refereDce) on n blank spnce of 
Ibe book dated 1612. J. Alfked Ootcu. 


Memorable RssmESTs ik Tslingtox, Barhr- 
BURT, AND Pentonville (G*** S. vt. 121, 374, 
413). — A }Falkffom London to FiUham^ by the 
late Thomas Crofton Croker, F.S.A.. M.R.I. A., re- 
vised and edited by his son T. F. Dillon Croker, 
F,S.A., F.ItG.S., published by Willkm Tegg, Lon- 
don, 1860, p. 71:— 

" Mn. DaTenport, a clerer actresf and iidmiraMe re- 

freieDUtlfe of uM woriion. died at No. 22. MiohaeVt 
laoe, Brompton, on th« 8ih May, 1S43. aged Si. On 
tlie 25th May, 1SS0, abe retired from Che stngf. after 
ftn uiittitt^rrijpted Kerrico of tliirty-Hix yrarit nt Curenl 
Oar(l«D Tlientre, where #lie took licr first,, and uuly 
benefit, perforiniDg the ^*ur«e in Raituo and JiUitt.' 

Old mid New London, toI. ii. p. 263, by Walter 
Thornbni7 (Ciissell & Co.):— 

*' ItlimjlQH Ctlthriliti, — John Quick, a celebrated 
cnmodiaii, reildod in Uonisey Row. He wai the ^oii of 
« Wliitccliapol brcvrer. and wn« the ori;final Tony Lump- 
kin. Bob Acres, nnd Ij>aac Mendou: be wai one uf tlie 
IkJtrtfthr (iarrick acboo], and wni a great favmrite uf 
George HI. llr retired in 1793, after tliirt>-itx yoars 
on the board*, with 10.000/., and died in 1831, aged cigl.ty- 
tltree, another proof of the longcrity of sucrriKhil 
actors. Cp to the l«it of his life Cjuick frequented a 
club at the Kini^i Head, oppMito the old ohurch, and 
officiated ai preaident Mn. Darenport was (Quick's 

For memotr of John Quick see the Dramatxc 
Mirror, by Thomas Oillilund, vol. ii. p. 920, 1S()8, 
London, printed for C. Chappie, Pull Mall, by B. 
McMillan, Bow Street, Covent Garden. 

From J. W, AnBon*9 /Mmwittf and Miuxcal 
Almanack for 1869, p. 38: " IslioKton Church 
(Holloway Koad), J. Quick and wife buried here." 
Edward Spencer, 

The Ossclhtonk (G"* S. vi. 125, 317).— The 
eldest son of the Eiirlof Tankerville is styled Lord 
Ossulston. Is there any connexion hetween the 
name of the street in Somers Town and ibe ftimily 
M proprietors? Further, why should Lurd 0^«lIl- 
ftton have that name ? G. IJ. T. 

[Tbe second tUle of the Earl of Tankerrille if Baron 
OwulstOD, of Osculfton, co. Middlesex.] 

WniLE^CNTir, (O'" S. iv. 4S9 ; vi. r,5, 177, 
319) —This use of whiU has formed the subject of 
a judicial dictum. A wonuin whone home wtis at 
Bawtry aaid in her evidence that she remriined 
at Beverley "whilst November." Thereupon 
Lord Tentvrden remarked, " IVhiUt means uvtil in 
that part of Yorkshire." To which Mr. Serjeont 
Wilde replied, "Yes, I took the liiterty of tntns- 
lating it in that way" {Trial of T. B. flodyon 
and olhern, King'3 Iknch^ London, VtcrmfMr^ 1831, 
8vo, London, 1831, p. 134). W. C. B. 

TanBLEDowif Dice (6** S. ti. Ica, 316).— Of 
ooQTie, th« >ame querioi will recur. Bat then, 

without disparaging the repetition, "N. & Q." may 
have the reference which is fairly owing to a 
previous full coustderatioa of the ifubject. ThiB 
was given to a question as to '* The Tumbledown 
Dick" from L. B. {1«» S. tL 391) by F. S. Q. 
and B. B. Woodward {ib. p. 469), and O. iL, 
KtNGSLBT (ih. p. 691). Eo. Marsiulu 

" All cpok the merry pin " (6** S. it. 513 ; t,' 
94, 137, 237,377: vi. 10).— 

" Mr. Rbodes bought, at Yarmouth, a wooden tankard 
witli briLsn piiu, wbicU be presented to Dr. FcjcK^- It 
tiad on it« side thti>« «u^jt?ctji — Sutoinon enClironrd, wttli 
tbe quven of Sbeba bofure hitn; AbnUom su-peiid^d ou 
a tree from h'n hone, and Jnab on horseback, tliruitiog 
a spfar tbrouKb bis tide ; Darid abore, playmi; a barp; 
Jacob's dream ; Abmtiank'a sacrifice; an<ler the bandlc* 
(iod creating Eve ; on tbe rim, over tbe biuret, were 
inscriptioui relating to tbetn. On tbe lid whs a repn* 
sentaiion of Abrabam entertaining the angels.* Sons 
of tbt^-o x>e?-tanknrdi, or pe« or pin cups, are yet to be 
fuuiid ill tbe cabineia oC antiqitarien; and from tbeir 
fomivr use ran; be trace<l aoinr- cunimon current trrtm. 
We aay of a penon who ia niucb elated, lie Is iu a ' merry 
pin.' whicli, no dtubt, originally UK-aiit be had drunk Co 
tlmt * pin,* or marlt, wbich had rendered him lo^altoedate 
than usual/'f— Honc'a }'ait-J}ooI: 

CkleR KT At7DAX« 

"Pkack with Hoi^odr" (6**' S. v. 346, 41»6; 
Ti, 136). — "I indulged the hope of being able to 
oonliDue to my subjfcls the enjoyment of ptact 
mth honour and security " {King's <Spe«A on Uj 
ing ParliamaU, Nov. 13, 1770). O. F. S. 


3S8, 479}.— 

" Two souli Willi one thought," &0. 
Tbfl oorreot furm of tbe lines referred to bj 
Butler is :— 

*' two souls with but a viugle thought, 
Two bearis tbat beat as one." 
Barttett's Fajn'tiar Quotndoni, eighth edition, p. 
states tbat they occur in tbo second act of .vinrta l^>\ 
translation of Ingomna' iht Batburittn, by Von Ml 
iJellingbauaea. J. K, Tuoi 

Tfu PrxHcipUs of Gothic HccluiatticA ArcKitt^^ru 
un Rxplanatina of Tecbnicat Ternia and a C«nl 
of AuoietiC Ternti. By Mattbrw llolbeche Ulc 
3 TDis. Klcventh edition. (1^11 k. 8onsJ 
Wk niuy lay, Mritbout niiicb fetir i>r c<>i<t : 
ever/ leader of " N. tn Q.' wbo knowi »i- 

U*b cocleiiaitical architecture to^-k bi^ Ui -: :ri; 

Mr. Ul.'iaiu't boiik. It in fifty-three year* eittcc 
npp^Hi^n*^? "f the fir»t e^iit'oti of tbut ho4>k, Htiil tW* 

ouiuc boltifa Ii was caiicU ior. Tim 
by tbi« tttue Laa become a cnritMi 
■vTtuly nine pa^'". not verjr cloKtj jiri.-uL j 

• Ofiidfvuukt Moffatirif, I»». KM. 
t Brady's C^uvu C*it4Mi*ti^ 

(?»& VU. Jt«.20, '88] 



■oceeMivc iM'JC hu (trowti upon iU pndeceamr until f ho 
book liARtiow rencbcd llirer volume*, nukiiiirconiiJonkbl; 
OTcra tb"U«and pMKCf, eiicb pago betitK much fuller than 
kny of the fortiier <>nei. Tlie lact incm^e baa been 
Ui^er than any of tbo former, and the boolc containa 
now more than twice ii uiucli m it did in th^ tenth 
edition. The 6rat volumo. wliich contains the chnpten 
treating ot the btstury of Kn^tinh architecture, keeps ita 
old form, with the addition only of a few paragraphs 
here and there. The eubeidiary clmptera hnre been 
much enlarged nnd Aoms new onei added. Most of the 
lecond vidutue is taken up with a chapter on the iirrargc- 
inent and furni(uro uf churches before the Reformatirm. 
Mr. Bloxnm'fl views on some poinU nrc perhaps a little 
old-fathicined. but the great mau nf iniscellaneom evi- 
dence wliicli he haa brought tO(;ether is of the hi|cheit 
interest and value. The next chitpter is on monaAtio 
arrangement, and is the only one Ja the book vliioh we 
cannot commend. Indeed, it seems to ho most unacconnt- 
able that a man who haii studied Bngliiih ecclefiasticnl 
ant'iijuities vt long and ro dili{<fnt!y h« Mr. Uloxain linx 
should in thii one reppert he »till in the outer darknt*iji of by the hand of a Catholic, thouKl 

___ L .r_ . . ri_ I- ti'-ii* .-*_;. I i_.; ... * .!._ ... I. . : 1 1 ;- in 


the d»ys before ['rof. Willie wrote his do4cripti'-ii uf tbo 
monastic buildings of Canterbury. The third Vflume 
begins with an account of the Tcfltmonts in uic in the 
Church of Kngland before the time of Edward VI. It 
b not, and does not pretend to be, an rxhauitive treatise 
on the vestments, but it gives a Roi>d deal uf informntion, 
Ulu8tnitf.-d by an excellflot series of woodcDtf, ohieflr of 
•epulchral effigies. Wo cannot, however, admit that 
there is any but the most accidental resemblance between 
tl)e toga of the Komiin citizrn ffiren on the first page 
and the euoharitttc veitinents of the Church. A mo- 
ment's thought of the way tic toga was put on. which is 
sufficiently well indicated in tijis figure, is enough to 
show that if there is any connexion at all between the 
tiro it mast be very remote indeed. The next chapter 
oarrl^s on the history of the furniture of churchei after 
the Reformation, and the next ngain does the like for 
the Testments. It cannot be expected that in these 
days of hot controversy sll will agree with everything 
Ur. Bloxara lays on these subjects, but all most acknow- 
ledge that he has treated them with fairness and modera- 
tion. The lost chapter is on sepulchral monuments, and 
in it are described some of earlier than Christinn times 
in this country. Prefixed to the tir«t volume ts a capital 
steel poKrait of the author, which many of bis friends 
and of thoKO who ire indebted to hia book wU), we are 
UK, be glad to posseu. 

Tht Letlert and. MimvriaU of WttUam A lien (\ 532-1594). 
Edited by Futhers of the Congregation of the London 
Oratory. With an Hist'>rical Introduction by Thomas 
Francis Knox, ll.D. (Nult.} 
Taitf work, the second volume of tlio series of ** llecords 
of English Catholics,'* gives us for the first time an 
aatheniic and detailed account of the busy life of William 
Allen, who. as a student of Oriel College, proctor of bis 
university, Principal of St. Mary Uall, Canon of \'ork 
(according to Wood), founder and first prexident of the 
College Mt Dowar, and afterwards Cardinal of the Roman 
Church and Archbishop of Mechlin, was in the 
rank of those who, in the early years of the re>{^n of 
Blizabeth, elected to retire from Oxford to the Contment 
rather than conform to the new ordtr of things. The 
fact that we have hero now printed fi»r the first time no 
fewer thnn 225 docmnenis which deal with sooae of the 
most intricate <^uestiuns of tlio day, alone gives to tltis 
book historical importance. 3Iany of these letters snd 
nporlB are communications between Allen and Popes 
Gregory XIII. ai>d Sixtus V., Mary <.juecn of Scots, 
Pkdap II. cf Spain, the Cardinal of Como^ the General of 

the Jesuits. Father Persons. Sir Francis Cnglefield, the 
Count deOlivnres. &c. ; and they possess aditttinual value 
froQ) the fact that they are, to a great extant, confi- 
dential in character, and are certainly ncit written with 
refert^nce to the postible rrfiuirements of future his- 
tririanp. We cannot too biglily commend either the 
patience and industry displayed by the editors in tbo 
laborious ta»k v( collection, or the impartiality with 
which they have placed the result of their labour at the 
service of the public. It is im|Ktasible, out of such a 
maan of material, to dn more than give an instance nf the 
u»e (hat may t<e made of the^^u papers. We may take for 
that (lurpooe the always interesting subject of the death 
of Mary Queen of Scots. In two of the despatches 
c<)picd from the Vatican transcripts in the Keoord 
Office we htkVf the firnt account that has ever been given 
of n plot on the part of the Dukes of Qutt<* and .^layonne 
to kill Kliznbeth in the y^ar lf>S3. The Nuncio of 
France, writing to the Cardinal of Como, says : " The 
Duke of Guise and the Dnkcr of Mayenne have told mo 
itiat they have a plan Tor klLhng the Queen of Hngland 

noi I'Tio outnardly, 
who is ncnr her perron, nnd is ill affected towards her 
for having put to death Fomo of her Catholic relation?. 
This man, it arpms, sent word of this to the Queen of 
Scotland, but she refused to attend to it (Ilavera costot 
mnndato a la Kegina dt Scotia, ma lei nun ha voluto 
attendorvi)." 'J'his tbrons a strong side IiKht upon the 
nature of the evidence produced at Mary's trial. It is 
not credible thtit, if she would not listen to an agent of 
her own relations in l/th3, nhe should have committed 
herself in writing to an attempt to kill Klizabeth only 
three years later, in Ifiiid. At any rate, tl»is newly dia* 
covered fact confirms the view now eenorully entertained 
that tho pBB»iL'OB in her Icitcra U]w>n 'nbirh ehe waa 
condemnt^d arr^ furgoriea interpolated hy Phe[i]ipea or by 
aonio other agent uf Klizabeth 's council. In addition t» 
the historical documents, we have interesting d(.>nieatHi 
papers relating to Allen's household in Rome, his debts, 
nnd Lancashire relations. Ibe historical introduction 
by the late Dr. Knox, which is hy no means the Icaat; 
intcrenting pnrticm nf tho book, gives a very clear and, 
notwitbatandtng its leoKtb. succinct account of the cir- 
cumitancea under which these letters were written and 
of the events with which they deal ; and, considering 
the fubject, it appears to be singulariy free from pole- 
mical matter. We hare both sides of Allen's character 
fwiriy fiut before us. Ue appears as a zealous missionary 
and ss an irrepressible politician. The author expressly 
difclaiiiis any intention of defending aa an adrockte all 
his political acts, but Ihe rightly claims that they should 
be Tiewed through Eliiabethan and not tbrnugh Vic- 
torian spectacles, and with regard both to the conditiona 
under which he lived and the modes of thought of 
his contemrorariea. The volume before us oan- 
uut fail to l>e of use to those who are specially in- 
terested in Elizabeihan history, and to every reader of 
the Btato Papers ; hut it p<>fl(C»ses a melancholy interest 
in being the lust contribution to EnnHsh literature from 
the I en i^f Vr. Knox, who died, as wo are told in tba 
prcfjicc, whilit the last sheets of his introductiun werfr 
paning through the press. 

James and Philip ran Arlevtldt: Tito SpiiodUs in W* 
Ifi»tmv nf tht Fourtttnlh Century, By James Hutton. 
TiiK stury uf the vicissitudes of the Flemish comniunes 
is one of much interest to the historical studtnt, linked 
as their history Is witli the intrigues of Edward 111. nn 
llie Continent. Full of stirring incidents, sancuinarr 
ttrug(;lcs. and ccnseleea plots, it Is a subject which is cal- 
culated to attnicC even the attention of the citcIms 




Ra<!er. who leeki onir to amnse hiDuelf or to while 
awaj &n hour or two of his leisure time. Far abore ml '. 
che res: of cfae Flemish leaders of the fourteenth cen- 
tOTf cower the nanicfl of J«me« and Philip ran Artc- 
▼tlJe- Thej, C-'-o, like manr other famooi men of the 
historic pa^t, h^re b«en mirandentood. Carte, D'Oodf- 
chent. >li^zeraT. Deirex, Villani, Hume, and manv 
othen hare llind!j followed the lead of Jehan le Bel 
and Froiiiart. and hare painted the character of Jame» 
Tan Anereide in the blackest of coloura. Mr. Longman. 
in hij History of the L-jeaud Timis ofEditard III., alone 
of oar historical writers hai attempted to show that 
James ran Arterelde was rery far from being the on- 
scmpnloos, self-seeking demagogue he hju been .gener- 
ally portrayed to us. As to the vexed qaestion whether 
James Tan Art^reldc was a brewer or not, Mr. Hutton 
declines to make any poeitire assertion either way. In 
those days the work of baking and brewing was chiefly 
done by women ; and we are inclined to believe that the 
idea of his being a brewer by trade arose from his 
marrrtng a " brewster." It was probably on this account 
that James van Arterelde, who by descent belonged to 
the weavert' guild, became a member of the brewen* 
gaild. fVhaterer the true character of the eo-called 
** Brewer of Ghent " may hare been, whether Mr. Uatton 
is right or wrong in his estimation of his hero, there can 
be no doubt of the fact that during the period of Arte> 
Telde*s rule, which larted more than sevtrn years, the 
people uf Flunders enjoyed uneximpled prosperity. 
with the name of Philip van Arterelde English readers 
are more familiar, in consequence of Sir Henrr ^ylor'i 
well-knovn dramatic poem, of which Philip is the centra] 
figure. By a itmnge fatality both father and ton met 
with violent deaths. James was slain in a riot at Ghent 
on July 24, 1345, though at whose hands he received the 
fatal blow it is not quite clear. Philip, the son, was 
found dead under a heap of the slain on the fatal field of 
Roosebekr, on >'oTeuiber27i 13S2. From his concluding 
remsrks it would appear that Mr. Uutton takes a most 
desponding view of the present as well as a most dismal 
fon-cast of the future. We are quite sure, however, that 
our rebder?, after a peni»I of >[r. Button's volume, will 
be heartily tli&nkfiil that their lot was not cnst in those 
times i^hich the author has so graphically described. 

Dr. Grimahaxrif Sfcret : a Homanc-: By Xathaniel 
Hawthorne. Edited by Julian Hawthorne. (Long> 
mans A: C<>. ) 
Wf. have received this hook, concerning which, as our 
readcri may rt-inciutier, considerable diKussion arose 
prior to its puMliatii n. The present fashion of printine 
every scrap of uriting which an author leaves behind 
him is not one, in our opitiion, to be commended. In 
many cases the only effect of it is to damage the reputa- 
tion of the dcct-a9(>d, and in nine cases out of ten the 
authi)r himself, had he been able, would have strongly 
diMpi;roTe*l ot their publication. From the author's 
own notes nrpt-n-'ed to the volume it is perfectly clear 
that the manuscript of the romance was left in a most 
ui.finishcd ttatc. If farther proof of this is required, it 
will be founil in Mr. Juliin Hawthorne's significant 
stateuicnc at the end of the book that "this and various 
other dusky points are partly elucidated in the notes 
hcrL&ftt:r tu be appended to the volume.^' 

W'y. have received from Messrs. F. 8. MchoU and Co^ 
Boroii^'h Hifrh Street, Southwark, a re-mark impression 
of a cajjtfti f'tchinK by Mr. Percy Thomas, representing 
the " old White Hart Inn," Southwark, a building of the 
utmost pictare;quenesB, and, from an archself^cal point 
of view, ex traoi dinarily precious ; bat most of all attrac- 
tive to Englishmen and Cocknen becauw it is the sub- 
ject of more than one reference by Shakepcare, if alleged 

' to have been Jack Cade's headonarters in 1450, and, in 
happwr days, to have behehl tne eloDeneat of Alfred 
Jingle, Esq.. and Miss Rachel YTardle. Its erowninj; 
merit is in having been the place where Mr. Kckwick 
met Sam W(-ller. In this print the ionlight dqMa from 
wall to vrall, and illuminates a smoky Tista, giving a 
glimpse under the gateway to the busier outer street. 
Alfred, Bachel, Pickwick, and 8am have joined Jack 
Cade uid the greater number, but the galleries and their 
quaint railings and sloping roofs and ranks of <^rs, 
whence boots descended in showers to Sam whistling at 
his labour, are still there. Mr. Thomas's etching is wA 
only correct, hut very pretty. Uniform with this plate 
the same publishers will ehortly isaae, we are told, 
etchings of the "George Inn,** and the church of St 
Saviour, Southwark. 

Mr. MrKRAT announces aa forthcoming J/emoiV of the 
Liu of Lord t^imfkunt, by Sir Theodore Martin, E.C.B. ; 
M'ortkip and Onl^. by the Bt. Hon. A. J, B. Bereefmd 
Hope, M.P. ; Rtcoileetiotu of Artkur Ptnrki/K Stanley, 
by Dean Bradley ; Th€ Lifeand AAienwuntiof JSdwani 
Henry PalMtr, by Walter Beeant, M.A.; and Z>ij«rfa- 
tioM OK Earlu Znir and Ciuttmt. by Sir Ueury S. 
Maine, K.C.S.1. 

Thsrb will be irtued shortly, under the direction of 
the Master of the Rolls. Vol. IX.. 165&-16S6, of CVewfar 
of S(aie Papers, Domtstic SerUs, dmriiuf tJU CoaiMM- 
tttalth, edited by Mrs. Everett Green. 

^otitctf to CorrrtfponlrrnU. 

ir< muit €att tpwial attention to the follomnfjf notiat: 

Off all communications must be written the nara« and 
address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but 
as a guarantee of good faith. 

We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. 

A CoxKSXiroKDEKT asks whether the registers of Bsn- 
bury Church are likely to be printed ; and whether there 
is any chance of the wills and deeds, dating from 1650,or 

Serhaps an earlier year, which are lying in the Colonial 
ecretary's office at i^bados, being copied and pub- 
lished, or at least examined and inventoried. 

Mr. G. K. Fletcher. 14, Finsbury Souare, E.G., 
writes : — " 1 am interested in the history of tne Lordship 
of Denbigh and of the English families that have settled 
within it, and shall be glad to coniniunicate with any of 
jour readers who have a similar interest." 

Mr. J. TiYLOR, Northampton, writes :— *' Will any of 
^our correspondents give nie the date of an article by 
llazliit, on Lord Burphley, in the Xtw Monthly Afaga- 
riHf' t '* 

A. T. 3[icnELt.— We shall be glad to have the note 
on the monument in Westminster Abbey. 

J. W.— It was the completion of the eighteenth 

G. Fratfr.— So long a time has elapsed that it would 
l>e impossible to carry out your vish. 

J. M. (Woodvicw, Portlaw}.— It will be necessary to 
send you a proof. 

Cii. El. .Ml. ("Mr. Glad-itone on Dante").— The 
letter has appearcu in many of the Lundon daily papers. 


Editorial Communications should be addressed to " The 
Editor of * Xotes and Queries'" — Advertisements and 
ilusinen Letters to "The Publisher "—at the Office, 20, 
^Vellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. 

We beg leave to atata that we decline to return etmf 
mnnications which, for any reason, we do not print; aad 
to tbia rule wa can make do exeeption. 

«.».8.v3i.jix.iw.'83.i NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Evtrtf SATURDAY^ of any Bookseller or Nact-c^ent^ 

Each. Half-yearly Volume complete in itaelf, with Title-Page and Index. 







BEVTEWS of every important New Book, English and Foreign, and of 

wery new English Norel, 


AUTHENTIC ACCOUNTS of Scientific Voyages and Expeditions. 

CRITICISMS on Art, Music, and the Drama. 

LETTERS from Foreign CoiTespondents on sulyects relating to LiteraturOi 

Science, kdJ Art. 

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES of Distinguished Men. 


WEEKLY GOSSIP on Literature, Science, the. Fine Arts, Music, and 

the JJnmft. 


SO condacted that the reader, however diatant, is in respect to Literature, Science, the 
Fine Arts, Music, and the Drama, on an equality in point of information with the best 
informed circl«s of the Metropolis. 

OFFICE for ADVERTISEMENTS, 20, Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. 

Pabliihed by JOHN C. FRANCIS, SO, WaUington Street, Btnnd, Loadon, W.C. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [6'» s. vii. ja.. ao^ -ss. 


Now really, complete in Poor Voltimec, imporiAl Svo. olotb, 5^; or half bottnd in morocco, 62. Si. 


A complete Encyclopoedic Lexicon : Literary, Scientific, and TedmologicaL ^ 

NBW SDIT/Oy, can/iiUy Rev'md and grcatty Auf^ented, 

Edited by CHARLKS A N N A N D A L E, M.A. 

lUoftrsted by above Hires Thootand Engravings printed in the Text. 

This New Edition conUiui about 130,000 Words, or about 30,000 more th»n llie fimnor Edition. 12, 
ire than any ED(:;luh Dictionnry hitherto publiahod, and double those in tbo latest Edition of Dr. Johnaon*! 
great work. 

Aa a Literary Diction&ry the lurCBiAL Dictionabt defines the variona moKningi attached to worda by 
writers both new and old ; explainn idiomatic pbnutai and peculinr oonBtmclions ; di«tiugui«b«ii ubvolete froin 
irrenk meaning* And nttagefl, nnd carefully ditcrimioateH betM-tien words cloaely Bynooymous in ugniBcattoo } 
rhilo it is enriched with iu4uy thouHandu of illuntrativa Quotaliuna. 

Aa A Scientific &nd Technological Dictionary it explains a vast number of termit beloni^nc; to all 
branches of Science and the Arts, many <if tbuin of recent introduction, and ita EncyclopviliL* character 
«nab1eii it to treat these with a fulneaa similar to that of an Encyclopaxiia, and to convey au amoaat of in* 
formalioQ regarding an infinite variety of topics not usually found in Dictiooariea. i 

The acoiirate UlostratiTe Ingravinga, which are intonded to aupplement the verbal definitions^ 
munioate explanation through the eye in a manner as clear and diitlnct as it is attractive. 

The Eltfmolofii/ in thii New Edition hns been altogether remodelled and brought up to the present a 
of knowledge un the sutj^ct, and the Pronuru-ui/ion bae been inserted throughout. 



*• Pnt fmr nw 

kl I'm* iiui '> 


■<■: tht Ii«» ■ Im- 
. .It lootiraU titd 

lur 1 uriaiiril i-i I'.dimuui: • «hci« lltOtTT- 

Tliv vtjatiti'fr i«(?ir4r *nd MmwM, aad Uiff iiiuitrEtiou* Mc cuyioui, 
ai>l>rv|>ru|f , «bi w*ll csMultd ** 

PALL if ALL ^ •■'"r^"' 
"Th<«tvmorocl#ihBT*bt#i» r«wrtt" ' i^nirin»l r*f#nt 

kii>^r«, aiiil rrnkf W teocplcil *a. >'ii ' ■ '(vihn'oiiboiit : 

ikr. A« It rule, elctr •nd lkU>iti''l : <- iirtiUooi ii» 

■'■■■I •rT»t ftll llir purputet of '-l'>pirJlK. 

Ti ■ laord W rre«tit ■mrorr. ■« I r-jmoily 

M^rydif himiur*, &•• lU ' wt b«T« 

'ItQiitncM kp* fti^mirah'r cU.. ..... '>. '.«i« . Tlt« 

llttstrartuiii, c«r«fallr *ud •cmnuly <(rtuUti. «ir » in<^t Important 
Ifi lu tbc uuil*i>l*adlDc uf Uie d«fiatLluu> ftOil •tcaerlfllODi." 

It vnuld >>e i3iS)<^alt to rrslM (bit MlnlrKMadtclinnarr ("o faith tr, 
td i»»r« tU»B uiijuvl DAt l» «iva rtKTt*! pikt** I') tt>e «^lllO'. Mr. 
ikrln AnuKodaU. ITiti dh-tl' n*ry \^%» t^f n tr. me for murv Itiftn ft 
tD«r sf a e*0TurT; ^ut )<« i ■ voo*^uUr7, and 

BMte liMtk larft knd Xm: :<fiiljin, Ihtlla 

it hina II AIT luitit I « n#w wark. It 

Hlr.ntlr ..t.-llim^ c,,.|;,, _, . ■... .\ .>'-.),, 

-lib «a ct>eii:i r 

tl ... . uUadtVd^Ult.: 1.1 


• ■HflpJ In kltlr 


lK;jau»«(>'- 'i "11 in . r «i .>- !•• .-■ 1..* Ill nil J 1 1 mir.i i n ■- cua Tsaiiick. uici, 

ttt'ttk of which Kt* •fica'tiil ipeuiiBawi >'t to* «rt of wa'i4 wignviBC 
luT* bMn »pt>i ofinaulj MUMUtiRttd ufuQ uUiulaal tAmu." 

plraeurw^-ksiMMiiip, m < ' - •'vrciiM-bvvki «f Mr altai Ik 

will bi-ld thcfi'M »laMlF->lli u au au'.ti <rltr uiSaMorM ^ tmr«D> 
turn aod eutcnauimvnt * 

5.frr'7?nvir rrvTKJr. 

d'&;. ^ . 
' Im- rriAl 
lluctlte «') 
tlun no * ' 


>rk. lIUrltaL'ItJiT. 


"Thtanr-f-^",,.. I..)..--.. „, .. 

anil iCMw-; 
^c''a laid i 
««r'<J iiac 
uf ibr flrat ;ia*« " 

-vtaflU^vaf UmS«v. 
Hah hW'aWf* aw 
• oaninWU-a •«» 

LoodoD: BLACKIE & SOX, 49 and CO, Old Bailey. 

J pay g yjuycia. at a». lo. WalUoiwa emtt. auaaj. W.g ailai<a»,?iaaiir| sp, vm. 


^ lO^ebium of InUtcommnniatimi 



Wb«n foand, ib&ka a not* of."— ^Gaptaiv Gdttlb. 

No. 161. 

Saturday, January 27, 1883. 

with lodu, prlM lOd. 


R. L. HERRMAN'S Fine-Art fi»llery. 60. 

— -m. (irMt Ru»ai 8lr««t, Ofifwitr KritUb Muivun. formarlr 
«Ut)l«h«d9],OrM»RiuHU siK*t AUftllrrjuf I'^ti* Workaor Art, 
vabnaliMC I'MtnfM of lh« Itellaa. Otnnfto. Uatob, KOd rr.ncit 
Kshoota, Blwitr* «° ^'>"*t ko^ *[■<• niKor tDUTMtlac «<ftSftlM br 
diOMid BrlUkh Artl«U. tl«utl«mMi dMlriiuc tltelr rolkotiua •t 
inatnnH ClMn«d. IUt(or*d, R«UDtd, or PnunH. wlU ftnd thlt 
MUUIihOMbt offcrlDf work wUciBMi for lu daifthlHir kQd artl*ti« 
quOUr. llctnre mrr.retoa Mid oImwIiu *• UwU4 v>Ul Iht bfit 
Judcment ftnd tin hKhMlaklll: otl ^dUdv »od dr»*tn<i frft(n»d 
AfUr th« EBoil hMuiiful tandcM o( lUlUo, FriMh. mod Eiuillih 
CUT«d work. C»t»lar>iM ftir«ag«4ftnil rHllrattoai vmlaM. 

"pOR SALE, NOTES and QUERIES : a Medium 

X of lDl«reoBmuol<*ftil<iQ fur t.iuntrr U.d. ritbtrvl lUsdcn, and 
otb»n, from Ihe <.'oinmci>c«(umt. Ntf»fiiil«T. !•«. to OMCMb«rt l"*^ 
kt)il:iT( lodt-x"*. ID cu'iliahxl C\>*cr». alolti. ttrolL vtry MUW. 
IlL— JAM£.4 FAWN A MS, Brialol. 

ot tb« SEASON -ThrM ('MuU/uI C II Iti* WO.I.ITMi >ljRAI>U 
FAINTINUS of Ibo Anritnt. »o.l * r.f«-p4lihrul- riTY and tbc 
OATIieURAL gr BXtn'CR, aow firvt rrpruduord rr>m Iloker't 
Its., . t>. ]0H. 1- 8t. SidwellB Ffc«.1Cll: I TIm C*thcdr*l C'jiutitu- 
tiun,PBtriiu H«lct4.ftud Hcntl[lkoC»cQiiuic«tu( ibePuur Dl<ait»rlra; 
L Tm Pr«ulncta of till CtuM. la lu. by 11 lo.— I'. V.,'n»<.'loM. tivUr. 

LOODB, N >. VII t iTiTT loUnttlnffl, U now rMdy. and IncltidM 
Po»try and Uie Ormma. 
rmvslK CIswtr »Dtl oihtr 
8»«aliiMnu of Kirlf 
', Tnkott, Ad*, ke.1 
A»«H«»n*. Pw»t fra*. 

Lttcrm'.Qn, Uialorj. AatlqaJlta^Poatry and Uic I>mn%, 
id TrmvalK 
-aphr. Tnkott, 4D«. he. I 

fl, Nttufftl ficiflbM. Vaju(M acd 
filV««. and tilunle»l m urk*. Tbmi 

MbUm. Printtlr PnalMl Totkji, OlbUom 
h Add*od» »r Bocllvb 'ntpocraplif Hio A 

ftUMt. BdtBtmnth 

with Add*od» «r Bocllvb 'ntpocraplur 



Sold bt all STATioiniis. 


ONE-FOURTH of ihrwe iuffuriog from bUadoeflB 
or dinoawaf f*cbie«a iTMallielrcklkaitj tethiatfof eaninot) 
9«ltM|M or l«nMt Inpvrftctly adapted la ih« itcht. Mr. HSNRV 
pA0HANOB, PS.S. Oeallflt OptMai), fBRAoNAItl.V adapU Tilt 
InprofM BpHtaclaa at bl» rtttdmoa, S, EadalelRh (iard«ii, Kuiran. 
Mnrt,LM>d<m. daily (talurdanaiMpudi. Mo lo four Sir JUMt^s 
BlniiDICT vnut :-*> I haTi trt«d Ut« prfodpal optlciAtu io l^ondDa 
but yoartiMeta«lcaMitt me adcalrably. Ttia dtajueu 
u cimoirvd with ath»rt, U mllr forprlalBf-* I>r- 
■IM. rh«lmif»ri]. latr Surtvuo- M*Jor W. £. U.. writw :— ** 1 eould a«t 
MMbaUtTMllt poHibl* that my iicht aould ban b««Q po nii«b Im- 
ttvtwi mai rcltcTvd at ny Mr (M. I e tu now read tba amallcal print, 
aUkonib HiffarlDK froia oaUraat an tb* rtibt tfw " Hlmltar Ualtrao- 
feUt from Jirfia Craa, Kaq . M.D. ; J. t*. I.yno. Ph.iletao (O H K.H. 
• Prlooaof W'alMi ▼«>. AreAdaaooo Falai<r, Cllfhre ; Llral-Oro. 
wnallm, Braotwaod i th- Rev. Uotbrr Abbeaa. (it Mary'* Ab)>*v, 
ndeo: and biDdreda of oihcn . Mr Laiiranoea Pamphltt," ■■•[<(«• 
ttt iMtir Uaa and AbuM," pual fraa Oaulttiu— Mr. L«urat)ca'a 
■pnivad HpMfa«laa can only he obtalnad dlraot frsin lilin at bli icil- 
a. CndaUtah tJardcat, Ewt-'ft Squara. 

Oth 8. No. 161. 

nr W, p. Honi.e. I.I. !>.. LiriratUii of tt.p I liio«cit Puhlie 
l.ilirarr. Tbird E<ti(f'>ii, hraasbt duwa to January, iSa. KoTai Bvo. 
dvtb. .1. IJa. ad ; wra]?pcra, kt. l<>t. 

LoDdo&i TRUB>Ut * UO.L«dCftlt nOL 


'T and IRISH 



Oallaeted and Arranfad In Mdratlfla Ordir. with 
~ lant Hnr^raiMlona, .^«.. amm< 
liab, and rtclaalift" Indieaa. Uf 
Hmf ftvo. pnuc T«. U. 

■aa ■rii.-irt', i.aiiBCkn) ana ttr* 

fola« ••n thittr Ktymolocr, Taaa, I'l 
:■• '>lu, wi'Ii «-<pl-Jtu ('arlk, klufliati 
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•. Thr TRUE PuftlTION of I'ARTIB*. 
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Ifi^a VU.JAJL27, 





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Uodoalc Rataf of Premluai. Mbcnl Boale of ADnnitlfa. 
Oraatad upon HMarity of pTMhold. Uopyliuld. tad Lauihal 
Iitr» IntcuMta ■Di] R«T«r«li>tu. alia to CorporaU aail 
iM BodlM u^oo AMuntr of Iiatca, ±«. 

r. ALLAH CU&TIS. A«taatT aod \ 


STE EL r»E yrs. 

SoM by all Heaien thrcnighoiit tha World. 







tVIt JAlf.27,'83, 



CONTESTS. — N* m. 

rOTKS >-ExwrptJ from tho DUry of Andrew fl»y, 01— John 
Gomley, 03 — Mn. AblctftoD't Burial pUca, 03 — Bobert 
Almirartb, tha Laiioocraphar. M -Walter ftcoU'i pAami— 
Tha Death of Charles U CS-Mrt. Orimth — ?Io(cfl od 
**8paclni8n» of Karlf EosUBh"— Eachal, Latlj Kln«$boo— 
CUy Aflttqnitiai, 00. 

tUKRIBS:— The Marahab of NapoleoD I.— Cardinal AUtn'« 
Arms— [>aiudowne HS3.— The Crou Keyi — CoIotiibuA— 
Strvet Arabe— Mltloii'i Ltbrarf, (17 — " Ploui EnirUshwuiuvu 
of the 9«TeDteenlh Centnrj- '— OIU Aiw at Ktlij— Thievea" 
Vlae^at — " Tow Uontrlu'i Buih " — TomlliuoQ Family— 
flkeg— Toward, OS—Topofrajjhical Por/le— An OIJ Cluck— 
lllcharti d'Eatosa and Adau do Eitoo- Crraot Pwllgra*— 
Paley Family — LamlKrt Family— Eraam us on Kliaiof- 
NamismAtIc— Sterna Family, 09— Aathon Wanted, 70. 
;t:PU}::s — BaUens and Tltle-paffM. 70— nelnhlp ot the 
Parciea, 71— *'Ai clean aa a pink "— f ettlval o! the Pope'i 
Chair. 72— Tennla-Star of the Mart, 7S— Torenco— Cognc*- 
han Jokes— G. Dance. 74— A 6pout«r— WaldroQ of Charley 
— "Xobody and Somebody "—F, Ciow, 76-JttTeoaI— floiw 
la EaMZ— Carew*! " SurTey of Cornwall " — Boirle— F- U. 
Bolvrns— MiM EeHy - BehidenU In Iiitojiton. 76— "it U 
betlor to wear cat"— Caroilchael Family— Lytton : Lich- 
floW. 77 — "Ad pontom "— Yoole-rsirthol— Oattoealj — 
Aathora Wanted. 78. 
lUTKS ON lltX>K8;— CodwlBi "OWl War in Uampeblre" 
— M*rliD'i "BefUtmtQ Epistolaram Frmtria Jflhannii I'eck- 
bam, Archirp. Cantnar." — Vaiich'i "HamlUon "— Coart- 
\ D«y*f " Stndlea lo PhiloaoiAy ''^" Ltctiuwt on Art "— Kerr'i 

' Kas^ri on lome Aspaoti of Btunau Natan "— GwaUtln'i 

'Sludiea of Arlanieu}," to. 
fotlcve to CocTs«pon<laDt<, 


I am ID ptusessioD of a MS. diary, coaimenoing 

ky I, 1G60, Hud ending Junnary 31, IC60. From 

itriniiio evidence it appears to have been written 

ft brother of Hay of Haystoun, mont probably 

idrew Ray of <'raignetblin. Mr. Hay waa & 

Uroled adherent of the CoTeniint, and on terms 

intimR<7 with the leaders of the Presbyterian 

irty ill Scotland. Oq th« death of Thomas Hi'j>- 

ira of Uambie he acted aa factor for his widow, 

lizabetb Johnston, a daughter of the celebrated 

Kr Arohibald Johnston of Warriston, and as one 

the guardians of his only child, an infant 

lughter, Helen Hepburn, who became the nn- 

)T of the Lords Polwartb. Lady Hambie, 

>gh the daughter of the great CovenaDter, 

kiue the wife of General Drummond, the first 

int of Strathallan, who took a leading part, 

lile oommaDding the king's forces, in repreiatng 

riociples for which her father had suffered 

■"-T gives a good idea of the daily life of a 

lemAn of the period. It is minute in 

;^... .i a fault. I bcIieTe ii not only worthy 

ication, but also of historical value. 

followlu^r ia a speoimen of the coiit«Qt3. 

It relates to a journey of Lady Warriaton to 
London, when her husband bad been made Presi- 
dent of the Council of State ; alas ! a ahort-Hved 
and dangerous honour, pregnant with fearful retn- 
bution. Her daughter, Uid^ Humbie^ who was 
ill, apparently with rheumatura, was adrised (o 
accompany her mother on her war to try th« 
benefit of the waters at Bath. There appears 
to have been considerable diflicnlty in 6nanoinK 
the expedition and arranging for the charge of tha 
estate and the care of the Touthfnl heiress of 
Hambie during her mother^s absence. The diarj ' 
shows that the confidence reposed in Mr. Hay vac 
not mi&placed. 

1659. 10 June, Fryilny, 6 acloak.— This monilnp after 
I ntw roadie Mr. Kirktoun cam iloun lo tnc fr>uj Hlfcifer 
and discouricd ifi me a nh vie, theraftor hu anU I took 
horse, he to Laneriok and I to £d' communion, wc roJo 
together to Camwath Mrlne: he told me Andrew I)unki- 
wne Kfti dead ; that be had SOOO mks. to leml to the lady 
Iliimliie, and knew not if her lecurity wai gooJ. I tolrl 
liini I tbf>ught it ^ood eneugh. Thcrafcor I parted w* 
him k went to Kerf^all. After I had irpokcn a UtJe 
w» Sir Jo" >!r. Ro* Lokert ic Mr. IV"- Brouii cam thor, 
and wo dyncd t'getber. 

After deuDor Sir Jo" and J cam away to Redball ; fay 
tho way wo discounad of tbti lady Uumbica bussineaa. 
Wo chot tho comee wer to high rated iu the iiivenurie to 
be eonfimicd in her husbamlii will. Wc tbot aUo it was 
beit to pertew Mr. Gideon renman, not by n renmvinff, 
but to inlood a reduottoun against him for tha Kersai- 
kors ti the lamp Uw>, etc. 

We cam to Redhall about 8 aeloak at night k. did 
read letter* from Itondon, BliewiiiK tbnt mv lord Wuria- 
tnun waa made Pregidcut of tha Couuccll of Stato. that 
Swiutouo and some utfaers moch lUTyed him upon this 
accompt, that the lord Fleetwood his' cotitmisaion to bo 
Liout. Gen", was read and Tot4<d till May 7, etc. Ther- 
uftrr I iiunpod in the bidte'i chamber. 1 wai wet to tha 
ekiti ttiis dty upon ttie way. 

This iraf a ruviii}; day in much dincoone. 
Fair befor Si Tery foulo after noono, 

II, Saturnday, 4 aclonk.— Tbi« mornin(;bcin(; in Rod- , 
}mll. ftftcr I VIM ready I *pnk w' tho lady a whyle, and 
ibenfter Mr. W" Cbeialy k i cam into Ed'. He advysed 
me tn tak a Chartor from the Indy dutcbtsBC of the lands 
of Tbreipwoo'), k that it would iiot nrrjodge me; 
wbicb 1 reiolved to da, I cam into KA* about 10 hours 
k itont to my Histem hou», and found a letter from ray 
brother, wiio Imd «cnt his man to me lliii week w' my 
anunl rent k 5UU mks.. but be wold not \t*r it w^ my 
«i*ter. Therafter I went to \Viiri»t<:in8 hou» k dyned w* 
tlitf lady and Sir Jo Clieislio, about 1 aclu&k I wont to 
Mr. Stirlhi}^ kitk. I liearJ Mr, Jo" Levies' u>un preaeh 
tho preparation «crnion on ReTel, 2, 4, ob^.. that the good 
that aity tnan dnea takes not away the Lord's <li«pleBiara 
ngainst lil^ cni>uin}; friU*, but inoreusoth it rather; obs 2 
that nlinott it will lie in your power qt, to cull eio hefor 
Ood. if you call it ifreat it will eranieh, if iniall it will be 
drawon out in bnttell aray ; oha 8 that formking of tho 
lirat loTi* )*i u thinj; incident to Clirinlanit and is iocideot 
to tlie Gud iif Christiana to mak it a Ia«tiDK quarrull, ay 
till it be remedyod, 2 conMderatione upon it, 4 properties 
of jjoj conlr^ri rdtf* for oar forsaking our first lore, what 

the forBAkiriif our first lore, faith, etc. 

Aficr wrniLin I went t<j Mr. Jo" Niibitu wyf* burial!, 
k. then retired myself to my preparation and wsklio 
search, and had a Tcry comfortable allowance In sotoft 



[SUiS.VlI, J1JI.27/S8. 

mediUtioni in reference to the mom'i work, uid found 
the LonJi imyle upon m?, k. put mo in a prcttie k'^ih) 
frmme, for which I bliwe hii nuDC. 80 I iupi>ed & Uj 
in Wftrifltouni. 

Thia was no ill day, I blirae the Lord for it. 

A gray day w' some mine. 

13, Munday, 5 acloak.— Tlni morning being in Bd^nb. 
After I wraa rcadte I went uj) t" my Kistors to Icnuvf qt. 
Mr. LcTingftnn prcaclied. k finding he prtactieil in Mr. 
Stirling! kirk 1 went thither k heard hitn, on RctaI. 
2, 5, we pleaae ciirint beit q' we lore him moet. In the 
text ther ii ane exhortation k a threatening, obi 1, tliat 
a mnctifyed memorie i< a great help for a holie ft 
ehrifiian walking ; obi. 2, Khst grace can mak uie at all 
that nature had & t'm has defaced ; obi 3, that the reaKin 
of our not ryeiing after laliing from our firit Iovl> ii ane 
oblirion of our furnifr gowl cundiUim. *2 mt^nnB to help 
ourmeiDDryiDBpiritiial thtngi ; oba4,that q'^ lore toward 
Ood deoayi 10 doeth love toward hii people ; obi. 5. that 
by the word (fallen) the Jord c&lEa all that know any- 
tbiog of GikI to roinenihcr the Bivevt communion juu 
haTe bud tofor ; obi. 6, tbnt Ciirtft (troceedi orderly w^ 
the backelyding chriistiaD, 1*^ to remember, 2° to repent, 
3° to doe, etc. 

After aerrnnns T cam up to my tisteri houi k break- 
fasted. Mr. LcTtngntoun cam in and lay doun w' a pain 
in hii heitdt lo 1 toc^k my leAT of liini, theraflcr I cam 
douu to WariieLouna hous k met w< Mr, TniiU k Mr. 
Stirling k Home others, but we found it not expedient to 
have any niectirg^ though Mr. Guthrie hnd dceired it. 
Then 1 dvned with the Lady Wariltoun at her houi. 

TheraUcr dernier I epok w< Sir Ja. Slewnrt anent Mr. 
Ro' Broun, but no money till Lo hear from Alaiitijuiu 1 
found i*ir Ja. in a ilccay of hin licaUh, and in ig^roat 
liaxard if lie recover not quicklie. I had appoinced a 
meeting wt W" Tliomtnne, k waited loiig im, hut be 
lEeepet not, to I retired at night 1 itippediionCj but lay 
w' Sir Jo" in Waristoun'e. 

Tbii wiii a iJay of lome temptations. 

A prettie fair day. 

14 June, Twyiday, 4 acloak.— This morning being in 
WarittounB boua tn Kd', after 1 was readie the mdy 
Wariitoun cam up to Sir Ju" k me x shI in our chamber 
from 4 tilts acluak. We did read my lords tetters en- 
treating her erneitly to come up, Rafter debatiug all 
circumstances we advysod her to settlo her buaiiiiicsa it 
go all quiL-ktie ai may be w> the retume uf my lord 
Argyle'i coach which li ij be beer vu tuycJay ; my lord 
writes the peace betwixt France A: tipaine la now 
concluded, and that the Grandees inclvnea to have sent 
Sir Jo. Ch. a jdcnpotentiary to the Zouud, if he had been 
ftt hoiidon. About S acloak t wrnt up to my listen k 
made me readje to go lo IJumbie, being ecjjt for, and 
then I spok w' Pat Murray, who warramtetl me to give 
doun 100 lib. to the teoneatB of X)euchar k Kerahope. I 
spok alio to Mr. Js. CaJderwood. who told me Datk^iUi 
buijnea« was delayed tii I Tbunday come H dayea, in hopes 
of agreement wt the Indy Weemea. 

At 12 acloak AV*" Thum§una took me in k spok w' me 
anent .lo. Edgar. I teft W him to ratikfy 8ir Jo" Chela- 
Ut,k therafter acquaint me^ k I ahould dne my heat 
to aggrec him w< Jo" Edgar. Therafter I took my horse 
k went tu Ilumbie about 5 acloak ; I eat with the lady 
about one houtr, k told her all things I knew from her 
father, and other news. Immtdiatlie I follaoexcecdinglie 
aok, as t wa^ ahto to do nothing but go to my nuked bed 
q' I lay in great paino till 10 at night, fearing death. 
The hidy sate up all night weeping a fearing my dis* 
temper to he Ilk that q* of her husband dred. 

Thii w*a a sftd iJay ht nitcht, but ela indifferent 

A drying day n* some wind. 

15, Wednesday, 8 acloak.— This mnrning being in 
Humhie, after 1 was readie, being atill unweaEI, but much 
eased both of my fear k paine yeeternight^ I found my* 
self much bound to blisse the lord. I made ane accompc 
to the lady of that buaslness concerning .Mr. GedeoD 
Penman tu f>ersew him by ane reduction. I looked on 
the inrentar of the houiihold sluffe & mended unme 
Ihinga v'wcro to dear rated. Tlierafter (he Ijtdy k I fell 
into fv delate concerning her going to the Itslh. eeeing 
now i^he hiida htnelf certainly Irt-o of child, only she 
waspuEzled whatto doe with her chiM^ which she thought 
•lie wuM never leav but unwillinglie ; 1 told her thst if 
she used not eomo means now it waa lik the wuld prove 
a creple all herdayes, & doubtleaa the more she trusted 
to God he wold be the more kynd and mercieful to ber, 
howi'iever we left it till the Lady Warintoun camout ; 
only I wrote a letter to the lady Wnriatoiin not toengadi; 
any part of the coach till she ipouk wi her daughter, 
the lady llunibio. 

We dyned togetlier in Humbie, and Lherafter looked 
out some papers inilie study, k then cuiuq Sir Ja. Uur- 
batue k visited the lady. I discoursed w* them above 
ane hour, k 00 he went. 

Toward night cam the lady IngUstoun k she k the 
lady I.V I diactmrsed anent the ladys condition, & so I 
weiit tu my chamber «\^ retired my«elf till supper tyme, 
and found myself n litle better nor I was. 

This was a good day to my soule. 

A fuir drying day. 

1(1 June, Thursday, 6 acloak. — This morning being in- 
Humbte, after I waa rendic 1 went tn the ladyes chamber 
k debjtttd w^ her^ ^V the lady Inglastoun anent her j>>umey 
to the Bnlh, I refused lo give her positive councell in 
that matter, but 1 thought ahe waa called of god to use 
means for recoverie of her health, k I left so with her 
being very loath to 1st me go, that upon her advertise- 
ment 1 should come to Humhie. 

About U acloak we dyned together, & did therafter 
eatstrawberryes, and so I parted k cam home thro* the 
moores ; by the way I did read upon a french book 
called Revi-U matin contrt In. wdanchoUe, I cam home 
after 43 at nighty k by the way 1 ipok to Jamie Kobiaone 
at Skirling to have ane cair of my hora at tliogracae ther. 

After I chui home I fijund a lettHj^r frum tiic Lady 
Humbie Inviting n:e to ccima to Hurabie, which bad 
mlBcaryed tiU ttvyf. I found also n letter from VV^' Thorn* 
sone, making me ane acco'iii't of Jo" tidgara huuinew 
at Icnth. I found my wife k nhitdren in health for 
which I hiisac the lord. I fuuml t^at Mr Ja. Kirkton 
had been at this hous upon Tuyadaya^l nl^ht waiting for 
me q^^ be cam trom Lancriok communian. 80 after I 
hnd retired myBclf, being very ircaric, I eupj^ed k went t 

Tliia waa a toltemble gond day to mo. 

A Windie d«y w' some raine. 

A. 0. RkiisF.S.A. Soot 

{To hi cofUinutd.) 


I hnd hoped in the fourth Tolume of Pope's 
works, just pubLitibodf to have seen, in refereoc^ to 
hia verses on Mrs. PuUeney entitled The Looking- 
G/flw, a note on the line, — 

" But charming Onmley 's lost in PuUeney'a wife," 
and not merely the old 1a!e that Miss Guuiley 
waa the daughter of "Joha Guinley, the pro- 
prietor of a cblna manufactory at lalewortfa ; who 

Jii. 27. 'ES. 



a shop in Norfolk Street." When I lived at 
leworth, some ycurs since. I always understood 
it Gamlej House was built by John Gumley, 
iq., who made a Urge fortune by army contracts 
South Sea apeculation ; bub I nerer beard 
lytbing about a china factory. Nor ia there 
^y mention of one in Aungier's History of ItU- 


It is said that John Gumlcy hod two sons nod a 
daaghter, the latter, Miss Anna Maria Guiuley, 
the "charming Gumley " of Pope's line, first 
printed, I believe, in the Court Povrtis in 1717. 
She is described by Oooke {Life of Bolinghroke, 
1836, vol. i. p. 11) us •• the most beautiful courte- 
san of her day," who presided at St. John's revels ; 
^t he does not render it nt all clear at what 
sriod this was the case. The next statement is 
kt of her marriage with W. Pulteney, jun. 
114 is given in the JIi*toricn.l R(gi$t^, Appen- 
IX, December, 1714, p. 30, under date Decem- 
sr 18, " About this time William Pulteney, Esq., 

jcrettiry at War, was marry'd to Mr» Guui- 

»y, daughter of John Gumley of Isleworth, in the 
Dunty of Middlesex, Esq." At this time Mr. 
'ulteney sat for Heydon, in Yorkshire, and pro- 
ibly suggested to his wealthy father-in-law to 
iter Parliament, for John Gumley was returned 
>r Bteyning, in Sussex, in 1722. Two years later 
was oppointed, on the death of Mr. Huxley, Com- 
lifisaryand Muster Master General of the Army. 
Wa caused a new election, and though opposed by 
[r. Harrison, he was re-elected for Steyning. At 
the geuuml election, in 1727, his name does not 
appear as a candidate j but John Gumley, jun. — 
presume bia eldest son— was returned for Bram- 
in Su!!sex. He seems to hare been shortly 
>r unseated on petition, the Houae, March 4, 
ordering his name to be replaced by that of 
Fames Hoste. In 1740 Col. Samuel Gumley was 
;t<d for his brother-in-law's old borough of 
Ion, but was unseated on petition, and his 
i replaced by that of Luko Kobinson, to the 
kt dit<;^U3t of Lord Bath and to the great delight 
Honico Wolpolo (Cunningham's Letttrs of 
'afj/oU, vol. ii. p. 74). Of these two younger 
rumJeys the records seem to be very scanty. Pro- 
Oy iho frtther died about 1730, and they, or at 
cveuiH the colonel, came into large estates. 
le colont*! tricil to get into Parlhimcnt and 
; Walpole aUo luentions that he fought a 
luel vith Generul Braddock (ii. 461). 

John Gumley subscribed to Pope's Odyuey in 

1725 ; he died, I presume, about I73tt, and 

believe hia sons died «.p. Kvcntoally hisduugh- 

»r >>tfc;iitie hia sole heir, and it is around her that 

se chief iulereit centres in relation to Bollog- 

^rvjke, Pulteney, and Pope. There is the »can- 

uory about her, generally known us the 

•d*ak legeDd(«€ *' N. & Q.," ^^ S, ii. 401), 

statement that she was a 

notorious courtesan ; but if all that is said against 
her is true. Pope's line, — 

" Far other curUge grao'J her rirjin lifa * 
seems hardly applicable to her ; the words are not 
appropriate to one who at that very time had for- 
feited all claim to bo considered virtuous. Pope's 
lines do not seem fair if applied to a young woman 
of DO character, who, having married a respectable 
man, tried to recover her 80ci:J rank. I there- 
fore venture to think that the "far other carriage 
refers to an earlier period in Miss Giiraley's life 
than the time when she *' aided St. John," and 
when she still really was a beautiful virgin. One 
would prefer to think that Pope was contrasting 
the imperious pride of the married woman with the 
gudeless innocence of n merry young virgin. Be 
this as it may, it does not appear that Pope acknow- 
ledged these lines as his own during bis life-time, 
or even that they were published as his by War- 

It would be of interest to know a little more 
obout the Gumley family. What was the early 
history of John Gumley ; what was his buainesi ; 
if he had a factory where was it situated ; and 
when did he die? Ssrift mentions him, I think, 
only once, as investing in South Sea stock with 
Alderman Barber (H^orti, by Scott, 1824, xviiL 
&3i), but whilst he states that the alderman 
gained largely, he says nothing about Mr. Guraley. 
The widow, Mrs. Gumley, died Jan. 20, 1761, 
aged seventy-seven {Gent. Mag.i p. 42), and left 
considerable property to her only son, Col. Gumley. 
The daughter, " charming Gumley," died Countess 
of Bath, Sept, 14, 176B, Edward Sollt. 


It has hitherto, I believe, been unknown where 
Mrs. Ahingtou woe buried. She died on March 4, 
1815, and the contemporary msgnzines record 
her death but say nothing of her funeral. Mr. 
Percy Fitzgerald, Dr. Dornn, and other writers oa 
theatrical subjects are equally silent on this point. 
It was lately suggested that as Mrs. Abington woe 
supposed to have died in Pall Alull, it was pro- 
bable that she was buried in St. James's Church, 
Piccadilly. The clerk of the church vestry, St. 
James's, wrote lo me a few days ago, in answer to 
my inquiries on the subject, that " Mrs. Fmncea 
Abington was buried on March 10, 1815, at SU 
James's, aged eighty-five years," 

I think that it would not bo difficult to raise 
sufficient sum to place a simple tablet to her' 
memory in St. James's Church. No nclresa 
ever a greater favourite with the public thon Mauf] 
Abington, and in private life her grtod nature and 
vivacity gained her numerous friends. Dr. John- 
son was proud of her acquaintance, and was much 
fl.tttered by invitations to her supper iiarties. 
When, OS be himself confessed, he was loo old 


Ifl»8. V]I,Jjui.27, 

««« or to hear what waa p:u<«iDg od the fttage, he 
ntleoUrtl her beofHt, and Mit out a piny of five 
fLCtS) and a farce nf two.* Reynolds painted her 
portrait four or fire timet, and one of the gems in 
this year's exhibition of (he Old Masters nt Bur- 
liuetoD House is a bead (No, 26&) by Sir Josbtia 
of Mm. AbuigtoQ in a while satin canlinaL 

The f:istidioiis Wulpole mode »n exception in 
her favour for permi»ftion to visit Srtiwberry Hill, 
usually accorded to a limited nnmbi>r, tmd wrote to 
her (June 11, 1780) to come when she liked »i*l to 
brin^ as many of her friends aa she pleased. Surely 
the last rc8tinf):-place of so celebrated a person 
should be marked by 8ume memorial. I shall be 
Tery happy to subscribe mv quota if the Editor or 
any of the readers of " N. & Q." will consent to 
collect subscriptions for the purpose. F. G. 

[We would iiiggcit that the perrninion of thr rccUr 
and cliurcbwarileuH of 8t. Jbiii>'>i s to orect tbc meniorUJ 
■hoald first le obtained by K. G.; that being done, an J 
notified in our colurang, ive itmll bo Imppy to receive 
and band oTer to our correip'^indont any sums that may 
be catmuted to us for so worthj an object.] 


Gent. Mag., xiii. (1743), p. 274b: "May 2. The 
Learned Mr. Bobtrt Arnnrorih^ 83 years old, 
Author of the celebrated £<n'mDiclionary." This 
18 an error ; NicboU and Kippis and Lempriere 
i^ve as the date of death April 4, 1743. De was 
))nried at Poplar (Lysonsi's EfiTirona^ iJL 463). 
Beliquia Uairnxana, second ed. Load. 136f>, ii. 
157, April C, 1723:— 

"Mj frienil Mr. iMurray, the curiooscolleetorofboolu 

tells me one Mr. Ajn*wortb (who will not take ttio 

CMtbn) underBtaii(]« our Ei)Kli*h corns, be b«licvcii, ai 
well, if nat better than any mun In England ; thaC be is 
a mighty inr>dc0C man, an excellent ediolur, ami hath 
be«-n shout MTcn jt^tn ttbout a Tiiciio-unTy, in tbo natiiro 
of Littleton'*. IJe wn> author of the Catalogue (Mitich 
is printed) of Mr. Kcmp> Rarities, a thick 8to. Itut 
most of the stid Rarities were a cheat He is a married 
man, and Htcs ut Hackney, ncAr London." 

IhU, iil 13, 14, NoF. 25, 1728:— 

"Mr. Ayneworth teaches a private Kchool in I.ondon. 
He bath been a great n<arty years shout a Latin Dic< 
tlonary, and (I am toM) htttli nt N^t fi(li^^('•l it, tliou>;li 
'lt« not printed for wnnt of fncmimgcnicnt. It teeme 
hs Icavee oat in it all prrper nanitf ))UC «uch nn are 
ctoHioah I do not know of anythintr that be luith puh- 
lished, but the calalni;ue of Mr. Ketnp'ii rurioaitiet {a 
great number of wrhicit wrrc couriterfeitH and chc;it»)niid 
die catnlogu« of I'r. Woodwaril's bookn and ciirioiiticB. 
X am tnld he hath wrote a lAtin poem to 5tr. Edm. 
ChbbuU, and another to Mr. John ^trype^ but tbey art- 

• The Ifcnefit took ploce March 27. 177.'i The rlay 
waa Bicker»ta(r« //v/'(xr»(», founded on Cthber'fl Sua 

Jurnr. Mr?. Abingt"'' '■' * ^' — -'■' ■- her 

original T'l^t nheu ll>< . I7, 

176?. ^Isrvt vrr,t n f.t . . , I'tgff 

of t 1 .Nihjul 111 liiu .\\»4,urtyr 

<*•" ■■• »rirr«ards Uken by Mn 


not printed. Us is s married man, of at least 70 
of age." 

Ihid., 16, 16, Feb. 28, 1729/9:— 

" Mr JmmMi Glh«im hfinR in town ywt^rdny, >t«j 
mehl- ^ ' ■ ' ,' ' T ■ ' -..-T^ 

is qu 
thfcl 1 . 

by one lliat waj> wiLh uic tliul Lij<>'« )^rtarniu»r u 
done ot Ijondon, with lb* correctumq of u\\ the efll 
maiters tliere, and tint Mr. Ayniworth w&s one of 
tbac h;id done ic. Thii KemeU to trouble Mr. Cibi 
irhisotrn labour were now in vain," 

ibid, 20, April 26, 1750:— 

"Mr. Ainewnrlb, tbo conipUr of the Kemp'mn 
Woodttsrdiau cntatogun. letlfl T^fr. Wc«t, Mr. IHh^ 
had keen Mr. Downe's ttrictures upon I>r. WoodWi 
shield, and hnd wr>^te a Buflicitnt confutation or tl 
tlie oriKintil of whicb he fouti<l unioti^ Ijr. \Vcudw| 
papers, and intends tn publish ebortly." 

Ibid., 151, AuR. 30, 1734:— 

*' I was told yesterday, by a gentlemnn of Bmzeni 

colleire, tbat Mr. Ayn^wortb bath linifli'-d and trusted 
Itie Dictinnary, but tliat 'tis not yet t'ulilirhcd, 
Ayni>«rurUi formerly kept a boarding ichool, and hi 
very Aourinliinj; fcbool. His wife it dead, but be bsdl 
children. Ilo ie not in orilcn. He wax bom in Laijl 
shire, in which county he is about making a aettUi 

hoiti^ dowrn there at present, for the poor for STcr, 

ing no Tolationt but at a greut distance. He hath been 
•aid to bo a nonjuror. I ihink be is rather a Calriniit 
Enquire whether he were erer of any uniTemity.* Ho 
hatharery grciit collection of coins. A maiJ serTant 
robb'd him of many ^old and ttlTerune*. I>r. Mi.Mletoo 
Maseev is well acquainted with bim. Ue is well ipokea 
of in Westminster school.'* 

Life nf ChurUs WaliVj by Thomas Jackson (IjODd. 
1841), i. 130:— 

" Among those who Tisitcd Charles at thii time rMsy. 
1738) WM tlie leurned Mr. AiniMrurtb, milhor of the 
Latin Dictionary «bicb bear* lii* nuuic. lie nai 
venerable through SRe, snd attended the Meth( 
meetinf^fl for prayer uiid aniricual conrenc, iu the 
of alttdechild,''^ 

ChftHes Wesley's journal, Mdy 12, 1738 (« 

" I wfti much moTcd at the sl|*1it of Mr. A(ni.._ 

n man of crcat K'arnirii;, aliuvf tevoniy, who. Tike' 
hinioon, wna ^vaiiin^ tu eeo the I^>MrH rnlvrttiurt, thai 
niiirht depart ill peace. Hi* tcnr^. and Vcbcoicnce, 
cbildlilce •mipticity khowcd htm upun the enUaucv 
king>Jom of beaven." 

The same, May 24, 1738 (ibiiL 145):— 

" 1 WRS niucli pleased to day at the sight of Mr. 
worth, n little child, full of ^r'uf, and fears, sad Ion 
our reifcstin); the line of tbc hymn,— 

' Now dccceiid and Bbake the earth,* 
he fell donn, as iu an sgony." 

See nlso Moore's ti/t nf John R-V*^, i. 374, 
Whiiehead's, i. J58, Ainsworth has Latin ' 

• "Mr. lUVer bath lern (1 

IIihL I IIUj>ptl«i3 

Icait of 1)0 £uf| 

'8. VII. Jis. 27. SS] 



in praise of Stukeley^a Itincrariuui Ctirioium 

Nuinerot)g roVrences to Ainsworth occnr in ihe 
two iu'li'xen l»* Nicholf), LiL Anecd.f see especially 
T. 248-2-V4 ; Sir E, BrydBei, Centura LH.,v'u, 
218 ; and Ihe pref;ice« to Patrick's and Morell's 
^dltiona of the Liitin dictionnry. There in a good 
article by G. L Craik in the Hiog, Out., S.DM.K. 
The diclionnry haa n Latin dedicution to Dr.Richard 
Mead, dated March, 173ti. See notices of various 
editions in the London Mag,^ v. 223, xv. 212, xx. 
43S (of bis tract on education, r. 4(j3, and Gtni. 
Mag. vL 491), I hare notes of editions (omitted 
by Watt) by Morel), 1790 and 180S. 2 voK 4to., 
by John Carey, LL.T)., second edit., Lond. 1823, 
Jto. Abridged edition by Morell and Jnmieson, 
Lond. 1829, Inr^e 8ro. pp. ISIO; by Morell and 
John Carey, tenth edit., Lond. 1817, 8vo. Bealflon's 
edition is ntill in the market. 

I Bend this article in order to call nttention to 
the Itiofjruphia Bntannica aonouncoil by Messrs. 
Smith & Elder. " N. & g." may do much to 
strengthen the bands of the editor, Mr. LeAtie 
Stephen. Let all who can n/Tord it take in the 
work from the beginning', iiud let all who biiro 
biographical memoranda print tbem pro bono puh- 
licOf befrinning with the namps which corrie early 
in (he alphabet. JuiiK £. B. Mator. 


P,S. One might Datnrally look for Ainsworth'a 
name in Stukelty's XHanj^ hnt it dews not appear 
there. The above wu written before I saw Mr. 
Leslie Stephen's appeal in your columns. 

CAam^erji'ii Edinburgh Journal^ first 
TOLL, p. 381:— 

"The gIr>riDU« rirnlmiri of fl<'nt)tlai« fame. 
Brought duwn bi« nrmiitMin baiiil ; 

The Sotithrpn race, in rout tliey chase. 
OiKymore nnd taivo in band. 

The lowlnml pHtz, und cnntiiiK whig, 
In hemiloDL* (li(;ht were rulVd: 

Oh wondrous Grahsm ! Gerctilean frjime. 

And fnitti sustained by fear I 
Thou well couldat fire, to deeds of ire. 

The Mgilr mountaineer- 
Though iwicf" tby Torce upposeJ tby oonrve. 

Id deep and dark arr&j. 
Yet «wopt thy sword the forci^ lord. 

And stranger race awty. 

01 noble birth, and nobler worth, 

A Peer of old renown. 
Ills btftd« loe true, Dr.NrEituLiKxdrew, 

And bew'd tbe traittir« duWH. 
With hmirt of faith, and hand of death 

Old ScotUnd'i Neiiorgray, 
O'er helms of sleet, tbrf ugh ranks lliat reel, 

PiTt>*va led on the vmy. 

Fur Jafne«*8 ri^bt, 0LR50Ar.r*s micht 
The field with slaughter itrewed ; 


2«<)t h« through firo, wIm> b'>rv liii sire 

Such scaloui duty ehewed. 
Tho men of 8k ye, of metal bifth. 

Thoy thared their chieftains Uyila: 
Both tire aud ton, to Q^ht rushed on, 

Alacdooalds of tho Iftles. 

Maci.i:an the bold fought as of old, 

Amid hii martial clan ; 
Fmni foctnon such, tbo tartly Datcb, 

With *pecd unwont*d mn, 
The itoat Locfitst,, with dirk af steel, 

And many a Cnuieron there, 
The 8nuthron foil, diipatehe4 to bell, 

And bore their spoils to Blair. 

BitiA. Oi.EJiro«, Ksi'po^n aJM, 

And Balloch and bis bruther. 
Th«y fenced thoclninis of (rood King Jamas, 

And would nut brook annttivr. 
And AlM'isE, too, his faulcbum drew. 

With Stuarts brouffbt frum far ; 
And Cakkon sac, did f^ide their rsge, 

And marfhall'd all the war. 

There, too was ho from Hunfttry, 

Who for hi* Prince did cnnie. 
And tunied his dirk from fitilbloss Turk 

'Gninft fairer whi^s at home. 
Tbe TcTOR BHge, to battlo'i roge, 

Clanroland's broadswords brought, 
And with bis clan, in act a mnn, 

Their stripling Captain fought. 

GLKXKoRtiisToK from wood and glen 

A huntiiuan warrior came ; 
His carbine true, to oaKh bo threw, 

And drew bis sword of tlnrao. 
llr left the doe, and bounding roe. 

He left the stsg at bay. 
Tbe whifcgisb race, like deer to chase 

And course the false Msckny. 

TVbilo Tumrael's wsve, by rock and care, 

Krnm Blair to Tay th'vll run, 
C!i>yniore and tanc", in Ilighland charge, 

Shttll rout tbe pike and ^un. 
And jou, ye true, jmr bladwB ivho drew 

For Scotland's laws and King 
In storied lays, your deathless praise, 
Immortal batus shall slog. 
This translation was msde hy Walter Scott, Esq., from' 
tbo well-known modern Lutin poem beginning, ' Oramios 
notnbilis collegerat moDtanuti,' fur tbo lKt« Alexander 
S Uuntcr, K^q., of BInckncss, s partner in the firm of 
Arabibald Constable k Company, see p. 330 CKambm's 
KdinhKrgh JouJ-nal.'* 

It does not, so far oa I ctui make cat, occar in 
any of the collected editions of Sir Walter Soott'a 
poenia. K. P. P. E. 

TnB Death of Chahlis I.— The following 
pftftsftco, written by an eye-witness of thia event, 
Ti7-, Philip Henry, will be interesLiog to many : — 

" 164S-0. At the Uter end of the year 1048 I had leiiTe 
given mee to go« to London to see my Father, k durinit 
my stS7 there at that timo at Wbitchal it was that 1 
flaw the beheading of King Charles the first; He went 
by nur door on Pont each day that bee was carry'd by 
nater to Westminster, for bee took Barge at Osrden- 
ntayres where wee liv'd, i: once bee spake to my 
Father & tayd Art thou alire yet t On tbe day of bis 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [a.»8. vii.ji».s7. 

extcutlon, wliicb vrai Tuesday Jan. SO, 1 stood amongit 
the crowd in the »tr«ut belore Whitebal gaU, wbere the 
•oftffbid wu rroctcfi, aud saw wliat was done, but was 
not BO nearu to hear any thing. The Blow laawgiven, 
jc can truly hbjt with a tad heart; at the inatant 
whereof. I remember wel, there waisucb a Orone by the 
Thoumndii then present, na I never beard before & 
desire 1 may nerfr hear airain. There woi accordini; 
to Order one Troop immediately marching from.^rnrdt 
cbaring-oron to Westm* & anotlicr fronmarJB Wc«tm' 
to CbariDg-cro«8 purposely to tnaiker the people, ii. to 
diBporie &> Bcattcr them, bo that I had much adoe 
amongst the reat to escape home without hurt.'— 
DujiVxti and L<tler$ of Vhlip ilinry, Londoo, ISS'J, p. 1*2. 

Philip HoDfj was then eighteen^ a student of 
CfarUt Church, Oxford, having beeo elected from 
WeatmiDBter School in Miiy, 1647. 

In udditioD to iU historical Talue, the piusngc 
coDtaios two words which seldom occur, the verb 
to moiJuTf and the preposition fTomward*. Both 
of theae in L&tham'd Johnson nre marked rare. 


Mrb. ORirFiTii. — Thin laily published in 177S 
Tlu Morality of Sliahf^peare't Drama lUvstrattd 
(dedic^ited to Uarrick). If on© may judge from 
the following paneg}'ric addressed " To ilie 
Author," written on the tly-leaf of a copy of the 
work, she must have been a paragon. Aa the 
linea itre curious, and I believe have never been 
printed, I transcribe them : — 

" The rarious >[inJi of Critic* long perplext 
With cxpoaitiona on irreat Sbakespcar' ■ text ; 
TThile learn'd Clerks* remit ilieir pastoral care, 
To note bU beauties or his blots declare : 
Hegarding him hut ai a classic writer, 
O'er passing tu^nU, higher, rlther, brighter: 
KnamQur'd uf his Rihics Frances came, 
And crown'd him with a nobler wreath of fame; 
Kxplored bit tnoial, gave hii precci>t praise, 
Anil shew d his heait siiperinr to his Ijiys. 
8o different Otfoiusei their Lnbouri suit. 
They cull the flowers, while you collect ye fruit. 
Proceed, chaste icribe, pursue thy virtuoua plan, 
^Vhose CTory page rcproTes some vice of man ; 
AVbosa talents ctiuiprfltend the fiillcut »copo. 
Join toste to aente, and Di>ctniic to a trope, 
Nay, better, add the Kxiunple or thy Life, 
And proTc the Wit inferior to the Wife. 

R. Ojiirrnn." 
Ch. Elein Mathiews. 

Notes ov "SrEcnreKS op Early Esglish,'' 
Part I." — In Tending Dr. Morris'^ Specirnnn of 
MarUj fiiijiisA, part i. (1882), I have noticed the 
following errors, which it may be, perhaps, as well 
to note: — 

Chartrt, Genesis and Exodus, 2043. This word 
is said to b« an error for cAi/vtrfrr, A.S. cvxaHeni. 
Tt is really a genuine Komnnce word of Litin 
origin, and occurs as the term for Joseph's 
prison in the BibU de Sixpimu^ n French twelfth 
century poem. See Bartaoh, Chrtttomaihit, p. 99 


OatUi€ (for ovtltU), OldEnglUh Bomilia, SM 
to be from A.S. r/fin/an, to leave, leave out. But 
surely tbe A.S. ojldcj the sttcramentnl bredd, is 
a loan-word from the Lat. oblata, cp. Oer. Oblatt, 
Fr. onblU. Tbe form oble is recorded in Halli- 

AisxlU, in TA« Wooing of Our Lord, said to be 
derived from Gr, o^uAk, vinegar. This deriva- 
tion is extremely improbable, us in Lutio oxa/u 
seeuis to be restricted to the sense of garden 
sorrel. Diez derives O.F. aitil, aissil, Tinegar, 
from Lat. a«(Mm, and compares the corrupt 
RoQjansch forms atfJiaid, iichcM. ^Vhat uiukes 
thin etyniolojry the inoro probable is that Ger. 
A'sstfl. and A.S. <«d, are both derived from acttu 
See Weigond's Diet, and Boaworth (1S82) 

A. L. MayhkwJ 



Rachel, Ladt KmosroH. — While reoeo 
consulting Peter le NeveV Afemorandti iu 
lUraUiry, as edited by Mr. J. G. Nichols {Tvpoy, 
and Gcti,y iii. 381), I noted tbe following posioge 
under tbe year 171 1 : — 

" ETelyn, Lord Marquis of Doroliester, his son M'iU' 
Picrpoiiit, c$t\'., comiuurily calkd i«oid King»ton, to 
marry f J dr. ami heir of Juhn Hall,e«<i.,a private 

act of nsriiament pisst this Scst^toriA to settle the Alarquii* 
catute and John Hall's on William." 

To this tlie editor appends a note, qnotio, 
auaiust this statement, the umrriape of 
Kingston (d. July 1, 1713) with Ituchel Buyni 
as given in CoUins's Fuarttgt, and gravely mlds 
"Tbtsmarriaga mast consequently have taken pi 
rcrj soon after ttie arrangement meutloned in tbe 
had been set aside." 

The "arrangement," however, never was 
aside," and tbe true explunution of the seeming 
discrepancy will be found in my note on this sub- 
ject (Foster's ColUci. Gm., pt. i ) where it ia shown 
that this "heiress" of John HttU, through whom 
the Picrrepoints and their descendants inherited 
his extensive estates, was in truth his daughter, 
but by the wife of ITjoinas Bayntun, his nep 
by marriage. Tbe two stateuienU are thusreoo 
able, the one referring to Lady Kiajz^ton's t 
and the other to her putative, father. The curi 
history of the Private Act alluded to by Le Ni 
will al»o be found in the above note. 

J. H. Rous 

CiTT ANTiqciTrES— The following letter lo 
7Vm«it, Jan. 18, 18S3j should lu embalmed 
"N. &Q.":— 

" I have rro*ntlT h*«n en«r*ff#<l. In eonjunetlAW 

the t- 


and not relmilt, tlll^ jutiisli Uaitii; iitiilvtl Miih ijl, Ij 

Oraoecburch. f ha«« only Utely Itceo abU tnasrei 

the site of tbe church, and the rtasou of the church; 

«.'8.vir.j*!i.27.-63.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


ticifv iihnvo tb« IqtcI of Ibe fltrects in Fiah Street Hiil 
uiJ Pu'MlDk; Liine. Malcolm's Lon>t"i rtfort t') tbe 
»oi«l) burUI j;rniin.i of ^t. Bcnet Gritcechurch. »nd rtiys, 
* Tlie Bite of the tmrnt church af St. Liuimrd. E^stcheRp, 
U ujitJil for thf Mia9 puriio<e.' The piriib, ttierefore, 
■eem^ to have hod no churcby&rd before the fire, but 
■fterwardd the ruined foandationi were coTeredovorertd 
the rariU niiiC'l euf&ciently to tUow of intermeDt«. 
Hftrin^ removed thi- bodies and earth to the level of the 
etrect wo came ii^fin nid wall*, stone^ iV:o., apparently 
the fpundn'.ioiu of tlie church. 

"The liouse, No. 3, EaiCcheap. Utely vacated by the 
Poet OiBce, appears so hiire been tbo site of ihe rettiy of 
the church. Inierted in the wall of the bMemeDt ii a 
eltfoe 300 yean old, wUh the folluwins inscription :— 
'Time out of m'lnde ttiii Veitry T itoodf, 
Till cr>oked with adge my iitrongth 1 lost. 
And in N'orr., with full coasent, 
Wm t'init an-iW at ye Parrith coat, 
When C^ueen^ BliEabcth raigaed had. 
To Eticl.tii.di peace 26 yeare. 
Jfihn Heard person at that time 
KtcUard I'ouatcs^and Uary Baker charchwanlens 
were. K> P. 

' Anno Dami., 1684/ 
'* As the home will "hiirtly be pulled down, I ahall be 
hapi'v to amio^e for dep'i«iting tha atone in the (iuild- 
hall Miuoum. if of sufficient interest and importance. 
"J. UftAiUM CauKCUEB, ChurchwarJcn. 
*' 2, Fish Street tiill, Jan. Id." 

A. Q. H. 


Ifa moat reqaest correipondenta deairing inromialton 
OD family matters of only private interest, to affix thotr 
caaieaand addresws to their queries, in order that the 
uuwen may be addruucd to tueiu direct. 


Tub Marshals op Napoleon I. — HaTing 
recently had occiision to dr.-iw up a list of the 
principiil titles gmnted by the first Napoleon (to 
nppeur io the uvw edition of I^Iaduine Junot's 
Mtmoirs^ which will be pubUahed next month}, it 
was found convenient to include also a list of the 
iniinhals of the Kmpire. C'ln any one asaiat me 
by stiitio^ if Arri^hi (Due de Piidone) and Clarke 
(Due de Feltre) should be included in this hat ; 
and if so, the datua on which they received the 
bdtotif The lista which appeared in " N. & Q." 
(I* S. xl 288, 314, 394) are somewhat minle.iding, 
as they include such namen na ICU^hcr And Pichegru. 
Eugvnc 6t'iinharn:ita waa ul»o, I believe^ not 
created a lunrahnl of France. Also, can one of 
yoor readera oblige me with the Chriatiun nninea 
and daten of birth and death of the Duke of Xxidi 
<Melzi) ? {Ke does not, of course, figure io tbo 
ii»t of inurshaU.) £iit)uiacB. 

jNew Burlttigton Street. 

^BB Asms or Caudinal Allen. — Anthony a 
ra thivt Allen's arm* are given in certain 
be had seen as Argent^ three coniee 
table, hut that the arms of the Statlbrd- 
•hiffi AlleoR, from whom he was descended, were 
Pi.f chpv, gules nud ennioPi in chief two lions' 

he;id8 erased or. Thi« auf^gesta the qnery, Wli«re 
did these firat-named arniM c<in>e from, and are 
th*^y cnrrf ctiv described 1 Stihitituling greyfaonnds 
for conies, they are very like the arnn of Allen, 
CO. York. X. Y. Z. 

LA!fSDOW!CR MSS— Has the diary of Tboouui 
Godfrey, 1685 to 1656, frota Lunsdowne MS. 
No. 235, ever been publiahed ? He wai the second 
son of ThiuniLS Goiifrey, of Lidd, in Kent, and iw 
auditor of the ohatuber Iain's accounts. 

H. K. F. Oattt. 

The Citoss Kits. — Which Pope fir«t awumed 
the two keys as hia badge 1 H. M. S. 

O0LDMBC8 : THE GcoviAN MnsBrM.— In 1862 
the city of Genoa completed a monument uv 
Columbus, a portion of which was a statae of that 
great discoverer. That city, aa early as 1846, 
invited communicatioas from all quarters regard- 
ing the most authentic portnutK of Columbas, for 
the guidance of the itctilptor Roncnlini. It was 
ndvised by the Historical Academy at Madrid that 
hia modcU should be the Uffizi portrait, No. 397, 
the Basle woodcut of 1578, and the Roman en- 
graving of Cjpriolo, published in 159G, all thre« of 
which ifere derived from the nmseani of Paolo 
Giovio on the Lnke of Como. Who will answer 
these three questions t Waa the Spanish advice 
followed; if not, what typo of Culumbian por- 
Lfuiiiire wtvi adopte<l f Where ia the best account 
of the Gioviaa musenm, ita rise, progress, and 
decay ? The wonderful portrait of tlie conqueror 
of Constantinople, Mohammed 11., by Gentile 
Bellini, now owned by Sir A. H. Laynrd, dating 
from 1484), ia traced by Crowe and Cavalcaselle 
{Hist. 0/ Painting in North Ifaly^ vol. i. p. 12B) 
to the collection of Giovio. What other remaioB 
of it can be now pointed out ? 

James D. Butleh. 

.MadisoD, Wiiooniin. 

Street Arads.— How long has this term been 
in use to designate the genua gamin / It ia 
remurkable that we have no really fuiiiiliar equiva- 
leut to gamitij for it can hardly be vaid that (aa 
in the cose of griutte) we have not the animaL 
Nationality taken into confiiderali(tn, there is not 
much difference between the Parisian and thft 
London street bpy, save that, according to Littre, 
the term gamifi is primarily npplied to the young 
"helps" of bricklayenr, dutiluien.&c. It is pro- 
bable that the word giimin is akin to our game ; 
but it seems hardly possible that it ia actually 
derived from the English. Hxnrt Attweli^ 


Milton's Library. — Isanythinp known of the 
contents and diDpersion of Milton's library I Mn. 
Jot mentions (an(«, p. 23) the receni diacavery of 
a volume with the poet's uutogrnpb. I have a 


NOTES AND QUERIES. I*' s. vii. j*k. 27. -as. 

Tolam*, Apologia pro ConfeMtumt, 1629, vith his 
initials, and many such must be in existence. 
One who has written such noble words of books 
(Artcpagiliea), deacribing a good book as "the 
pretious life-blood of a master Bpirit," must him* 
^self bare been the possessor of uianv. This 
assamption is borne out by words in Dfftnaio 
iSecunoa, where, after relating his travels and 
return home, he says, " Ipse, sicubi possem, tarn 
rebus turbatis et fluctaantibus, locum consistendi 
circnmspiciens, mihi librisque meis, sat amplam 
in orbe domum conduxi ; ibi ad iatermissa studia 
beatului me recepL* Wtxse £. Baxter. 



CESTuaT." — Can you give me information respect- 
ing the aboTe book, now, I beliere, out of print ? 
It contains, I am informed, the bio$;mphy, among 
others, of Misa Margaret Andrewes, daughter of 
Sir Heniy Andrewes, Bart. She died in this 
pariah, then the property of her father, in the 
year IGOG, and her name and rirtnes are re- 
corded on the marble pavement in the chancel 
of this church. I am anxious to mnke extracts 
from the biography, and should be grateful to any 
one who would either put me in the way of 
obtaioing a copy of it, or who would kindly lend 
me the book for that purpose. I will promise 
that all care shall bo taken of it. 

Lathbuiy Uectorr, New|>ort PA|naell. 

Old Age at Firrv. — Mr. Th^n^M Kogers, in 
his raluable work the llitiort/ of iVtVrt, vi»l. iv. 
p. 599, quotes an entry roferriug to tho u«e of 
spectacle:^, and ob.oervoA: — 

** Tha tnT0ntion of printiiie C'MiKI lmr« been of little 
avail, unleM it hftd be^n followed by the Ui#t'ovorT ol 
meanf for Riving artificial cWarnr** of TiKioii, \\it 
ancNton w*re vary »liori HreJ. Tii*y »ero old »i lifty. 
Butmauy mu*t haie b«endiiii>*ii;htej'in mrlv yoar»,'\Vo. 
I must confess that when I tint read this 1 thought 
there must be a little exaggeration in the state- 
ment that our ance:>tor9 wore old at tifiy ; but 1 
have since lighteil u{Km a |vtMage in Uiohar^l de 
Hampole'jf Vrickt of Con**irnct in iS^'^i-iw^m* of 
Earl}/ Kw}U*h, pt. "ii. p. U3, I. 764. which fully 
corroborates the as^rtion. The poet, writing 
r. A.D. 134(\ thus begins his terrible description 
of old age : — 

•* tVre men hiat now for.rtv yhtn pas, 
.\nU fonrr tifiy, a'» in ^omtVm m*" 
I. f., few men may now forty years pass, and fewer 
tifty. I wish to know whotlior there could hue 
been any pecnti:ir c.iu*e exisr-p^ aKnit this time 
which would tend to an 5horioniug of the 
term of human life. AVa^ the fearful (vstUence — 
the Black Death— attendeil by any marked de- 
ereaae in the average of man's days t 

^ . A." L. Matbew. 


Thibybs' Vineoab. — Does any one know the 
origin of this name for a preventive ngainat in- 
fection? I have an ancient receipt for the com- 
pounding of it. A. T. M. 

"Tom BojfTRis's Bcsn.** — This is given in 
Lindley's Trtasury of Botany, 1&74, as the popular 
name of Pia'amnia aniidtttmaj a West Indian 
shrub. Who was Tom Bontrin ? 

Sugarcanes in the West Indies were formerlysent 
down from the hillsides to the mill in a shoot or 
groove formed of boardscalledby the French planters 
a " coulisse.^ The word was adopted by the Eog- 
lish. In the present day bandies of canes are 
hung by means of a hook to a wire rope, along 
which they slide to the mill This rope, which 
has superseded the wooden shoot, is called a 
cottfiMe, and atLtrds an instance where a designa- 
tion is retained althouoh no lunger strictly appro- 
priate. A Beak. 


ToMLiXfioN Fauilt. — I should be much obliged 
to any of your readers who have made the 
Commonwealth period their especial study for 
any p;\rticiil;*ra :ibout Col. Tomlinson, the officer 
who Attended King Charles I. at his execution. 
I wish to identify his family, and to ascertain, if 
fM^saible, his subsequent history. I should also 
like to make a similar inqniry about Matthew 
Tomlinson, wl>o sat as one of the Commissioners 
at the High Court of Justice, and was intended 
bv Crvmwell to have been one of his new peers. 

G. W. T. 

Etymolikit ok Skevj.— Hearing some farmers 
or planters discussing the difference between 
damsons and skegs in a railway carriage the other 
day, 1 was led to inquire into the origin of the 
latter name (the former i^ of course, well known 
to l>e simply an abbreviation of'' damascene "). The 
only hint I can find is in Richardson's Dtdionary, 
who suggests '*shag, shagged," as the meaninfE- 
This does not seem very probable, and I should 
W i;lad to know whether any of the readers of 
" X. v^ Q." can furnish one better or for which 
there is more authority. Bichardson quotes the 
woril as used by Philemon Holland in his trans- 
lation of Pliry Jib. xvii. c. 10), where he says, 
** That kind of peaches or abricots which bee 
callotl luK'ri';", love better to be graffed either upon 
a Mi;/ or wild plumb stocke, or quince." My 
interlocutors in the train, who said that the skeg 
i;rew abundantly in the hedgerows about Knock- 
, holt ^Xivkhol:\ in Kent, remarked that it grew 
; moK> like a shrub the damson, which may 
have sugges'.ed Richardson*s derivation. 

W. T, Lrxy. 


Toward. — " LoaU BaooapAtt* has rencbed 
Fnac« from London to ice what is fomrj* (Jfc- 


fl*8.VIl. Jak.27,'S3.1 



^noHei of Old FtimiU, from the Journals of Cava- 
lint Fox, London, 1882, vol. ii. pp. 98, 09, tub 
Keb. 2U, 1848}. KichardsoD, «. t\, quot«a a 
similar use of the word: "If I speake vnto 
Ohri«ti»n folks, wlint need I to toll what a mis- 
chiofe is tomtrd, whfn 8tra\r and drie wood is 
cMt iDto the fire" (Vivos, Ijutntrtiufi af a Chris- 
tian FKoman, b. i. c. 5), About a dozea pus- 
Bagea in Shakapore show that this wiia a commoa 
use of the word in Lis day for " something in pre- 
paration and expectiition ; near at hand " (Schmidt, 
(Sfc. Lex.), one of which, tiz , from BamUt^ i» the 
only one quoted in Lathum's Johnno^i. Wna the 
word used in the intermediiite period, or hna Mias 
Fox revived it from lindiog it in Shnk.ipere ? 

W. E. Bdcklet. 

Topographical Puzzle. — I have three recently 
purchased »uintl quarto hooks, one lettered ** Cox'a 
Middlesex," nnothor " Cox'a Essex," and the third 
"Cox*9 London." The title-paj^e (much more 
modern thun the body of the book) ia the same ia 
«]ich oise, the blank not being supplied. It ia 
as follows : — 

A Topoumphioal. Ecetfi>iutic&I, and XntumI Hii- 

\ixt'rf uT witli I'oditfrcea of all tho Nobis Familici 

land Gentry, both Ancient snd Modern, BlographicaL 
Kotice* of Kmineiit and Lurned Men to whom thiti 
Cuuntv bui }{iTea llirth ; also nn Alphkbct'iCAl Tal>k> oT 
the Townit, Villsdea, and Uamltts, wicli the Bcvenil 
Utindredn nnd Deaneriofi in M'hich tli«y stand, to^ci'ther 
witli tlie Value ot the Churches In thf King's Booki, 
collected ftnd composed according to the best relatinna 
<JCtant. By the Rev. Tiii»ma« Cox." Colophon : "in the 
SftToy : Printed by Eli*. Kutt ; and Sold by M. Nutt^ in 
EzeterExciinnge in the Straud, uid J. MorpLcw near 
Stfttionerft-Hall. uuco." 

Each volume contains a map (undated) " by Rob* 
Morden at the Atlas in Cornbill." The " Middle- 
sex" contains sixty-seven pages consecutively 
, AtiDibered ; the " Essex " begins with p. 64H, enda 
with p 751; the "London" with p. 69 (continuation 
t«f Middlesex), and ends with p. 250, " Norfolk " 
Ifceinj; the succeeding catchword. The print ia in 
double columns. From what works are these made 


Beliiie Park Oanleui. N.W. 

Ax Old Clock. — I lately boiiRht nenr Colches- 

|tera braM cinck of the " buttnn und pillar" type, 

lud h.'ivin^ inscribed on the lower ed^e of the 

(pierced ormimentul brass plate that fills up the 

|»nnce between tlie dinl .and the bell, '' Thomas 

liufe, Id^il." Is this the name uf the maker or of 

llie onuer of the clock ? 

Albert IIartsrornk. 

UicnARD d'Estone and Adam dk Eston. — I 

t*hidl be ^lad of any informntiou about the above. 

The nnus of the former (Azure, 6eiu(''e of cross- 

^"oitslets ur^font, a bend or, surmounted of another 

!t£») Ate given in ^' Ciiarlea's Roll" TUo latter, 

was buried in the charch of St. CecilitL Of what 
county were they? It has already been asked 
whether the latter was Bishop of London. 

G. C. Easton. 
IJyBlegh, Winklegh, North Devon, 

Pedigree of Grant.— Can any one give tho 
lineai^'e of the following, or point out where it 
should be looked for? — 1. Archdeacon Grunt, of 
Bnrnstaple, 1 731 ; married daughter of Dr. 
Weston, Bishop of Exeter ; died 1744 ; buried 
in Exeter Cathedral 2. Mujor Donald, 
of Inverness ; was present ut CuUodon ; query, ou 
which aide ? W. D. H. 

Palet Familt. — Will any of your correspon- 
dents give me the history of the family of Arch- 
deacon Paley previous to the sixteenth century f 
I aiu aware of what is stated in the Finchulu 
Charters^ published by tho Surtees Society, and lu 
Lord Clilford's ilousthnld Book, 


LAunEBT Fahilt.— Where can I find an 
nccount of this family 1 What does ibe name 
mean I Were Lambert and Lambart originally the 
same nuiue t It will b(f seen that the following 
surnames contain either the tirsb or second 
Kyllable of the above name ; — Joubert ( M . Lar(»che, 
Krencii Chamber of Deputies) ; Humbert (bting 
of Italy) ; D'Alhert ; Herbert (family name of 
the Earl of Carnarvon) ; Lumbton (family name 
of tho Earl of Durham); Lambart (family name 
i)f the Earl of Cavan) ; LamberilDi (name of Pope 
Benedict XtV., 1740). Hombros. 

ERASUtTs OK KtsfiiKO. — ^It IS BEid tbttt be was 
in favour of kissin^r beinj; in more general practice. 
Can any of your readers tell me whether this was 
the case, auil supply tho passage in his works 
which refers to the subject ? H. W. C. 

NoMiswATic— I should feel obliged if any of 
the readers of ** N. & Q." would give me any in- 
farmaLioD concerning collectors of coins ot 
aumismutic writers pruvtous to the year 1550, 

21,St. JamoaStrest.8.W. 

Sterne Family. — I observe that a work on 
the constitutional history of the United States has 
lately been written by *' Simon Sterne, of the New 
York Bir." A Simon Sterne, one of the sons of 
the archbishop, was the f;randfatber of LawreDce 
Sterne, and it would be interesting to know 
whether the author of the hiutory just mentioned 
is a destcondant of the archbishop. I aui Dot 
nware that the descendants, if any, of Madame de 
M^datle, Lawrence Sterne's child, are to be found 
stated in any pedigree of iheStprnen. Thi:<, th<?re- 
fore, is a second question thut I should like toaidu 

NOTES AND QUERIES. i«^3.mji».sr. 

Authors of Quotations Wanted. — 

" A uiomont'H limit, a munientary Uat« 
or Beint;, Iroru tti« founuin in tho wa^te ; 
And lo ! Che phwitoTTi CHmmn Hm Te«cl>etl 
Tbe nolUing it set out frum. Uh ! make hute." 

I*. E. Wjllw. 


(6"'S. vi. 513; Tii. 13.36.) 

I venture to think that if Rubens nmJe 

muoy designs for engmred lille-pnije* I shouM 

have been Acquainted with some of ibem. As it 

is, I remember one only» which ia that of : — 

" Mftthim CBsimiri Barbievii R Soo. Jenu Lvrlcoruni 
lAhri IV. Kpudon Lil>er fnui. Alt^rq. EpigmmmMum. 
Antrerpin, *x officiiiA I*lHntlniaD& Bnlthuftri* Mnr«ti. 
MDCXXXli.. Gum i'milegiii Ctttnteo et Kegio." Siu&U 
•Ita pp. 340. 

The fine enRraTed title-pane of this volnme is 
inscnbed, *' Pet. Paul. KubeDs pinxit, Corn, (ialle 
Bculpatt"; nod is, aa usual, of emblematic sif^nl- 
ficance. In the centre of the composition ia n 
Irre, which stands upon the top of on Antique 
aJtnr, on the front of whi^h is engraved tho title 
of the bonk. A male H^ure on the one side, hold- 
ing this lyre in its place, is balanced by a female 
on the other, who watches over a crndle in which 
lies the infunt poet, whofte divine (cift is indicated 
by the bees which hover over his nionih. The 
whole" is eitruiounted by an escutcheon, crowned 
by tho papal keys and mitre, and containing the 
three bees of Pope Urban VIII., to whom the 
volume is dedicnt^d by the Jesuit body at Ant- 
werp. At the end of the poems, pp. £87-336, is 
nn *' Kpicitharisma ad Libros Lyricorum, sive 
Erudilorum virorum ad Anctorem Poemata," 
among which is one from the pen of a brother 
Jesuit. Gulielmus Hesius, himself author of a 
beautiful little book well known to collectors 
{EmbUmafa Saoa de Fidt, ^pe, CfiaritaU, Anl- 
Tcrpirc, M.DcxxxvL 12mo.), which may be con- 
sidered illustrative of tho title-page. It is headed, 
" In M. C. Sarbievti Lyram Novos in Canlus ab 
Crbaui^ VIII. Pont. Max. Gentilitiis Apibus 
Animotam Emblems. In tenais Lyrffi fidlbus 
Ues Apes. Apes Vitain Dnnt Animo«q. Lyrm," 

There is a handsome volume, niniilnr in chamc- 
ler to the ConimenUry of Bonartius, luentioned by 

K, H., entilled :— 

" Eiposiilo Pstrura Grwcomm in rs-lmof. h Bnltlm- 

tare Corderio Soc. Jeau UttniUtQ don-u et Anno. 

Uiionihui itluttrato. AntTfrpiie, Ex OfficinA PUn- 
tinU&H BalthuarU Mored.," 2 tyui. Fuliu. 
Hero the very fine engraved tiile-pape exhihitu 
the Royul I'siilrniat, kreeliny; in the temple, befure 
the inner sanctunry, r' ' " - T'tt his hiir{>. On 
Ibc veil before him i ' the lrtl# of the 

book : and we catch a ^ j,., .v*hind it of a prietil 

•winging a thurible before ibe ark. The congre* 

Million of worshippers is kneeling ot tie la 
child-angeU adore in the clouds nbove ; and 
corner is filled up by figures, who stretch ft 
their hands in prayer from the midst of pu 
toriul flame and smoke. It has no name of ex 
designer or eoyrftvcr ; but a former posteasor 
written "Rubens'* in pencil benejith, and the 
notbint; in the dmwing or composition to con 
indicate the uttribulion. It will be observed 
the one and Ibe other book proceed from 
Pluntinian press. 

There is yet another very charmiog title-p8g» 
before me, which, though without name of de- 
signer and engraver, I am strongly disposed ^ 
attribute to the pencil of Uubeos and the bi 
of Galle. This is found in :— 

"Plnlowathi Musie JuTcnilef. Editio »lt«rm. pr'' 
■uctiMp. Antverpiee. Ex Oflieina PlantiniaitA Baltbft- 
siri» iloreii." Sinoll 8»o. 

These elettant poems were the juvenile p 
tions of Fubio Chigi, afterwards Pope Alexa 
VII. The volume, m those which I Iiave already 
mentioned, is beuutifiilly printed by the grnmlsoo 
and successor of Phuitin, Balthasur Moretua, In 
whom there is a prefatory letter by KerdinJind a 
Furstenberg, Canon uf Hildesbeim and Puderbora, 
in which are the complimentary expressions :- 
"Taum nunc erit, norsm ele^uiiFtimo Opcrl 1 
impertiri, et momoriflni nominifl, ouam ingenio F 
ntatlius libi comimniTit, IMtnlinlsnts Typii rcddere 
mortalem, non iine incTeiuento glnrius ctiain tii», ly 
innuuicris alionim edltii raonuoiontis fvlkiiiioiC 

lu the oograved title-page we have Apollo 
lyre, and Mercury with caduceiis, in aittina 
ture, senartitcd }y the trunk of a laurel 
among ine foliage of which hangs an etcut 
with the arms of the papal author quartered 

It may be worthy of note that nmon 
** Acclamationes " at the end of the book le 
elefi^ut poem by an English physician, " Odfr 
Jacobi Albani Gibbesii, Brit. Med. Doct/' 

I do not happen to possess tho Pluntin editioa 
of Rarbcrinns. My copy is : — 

" Msphsei S. R. E. Canl. TLirberini poftra 
P. P. VllI, Poeniatfl, Prtrnt'Diiiis quU>ii»Unt do 
Anctoris ct Anhotatinnibus AdjvotU. IvdiJit Joi 
Urown, A.M. Col'. Hcgin. Vxim, Ozomie. E 
fjraiibeu Clarciidonisnu. Ulic<.-xxvi." ^ro. 

Prefixed h a portrait of the author by G. V] 
The editor, who has token the Plnnlia edit' 
his Htandnrd, N.nys, in hit preface, of certain 
titioui poems which had been unadv 
admitted into fonrur impressions ; — 


U^T' . 


.. tittiti, Ktk Lttlllull* 

41UB ih J 

. :.ti t (•.liti pneilHl 

cMim emieiii < 


. n[.eM.Mitur . quml rt'S 

VtlauiU VllI. lOU diptouikU f vulgiuidaiu sautKvI 

As I replace iny copy I am reminded by the 
iovcriptioD od the fiy-leaf of the eleunnt scholar 
and amiable man to whom it foraierlj^ belooKed, 
••The Rev. F. KiUert, a small token of Bincere 
legard. Heavitrerf Exeter. Mny 18, 1848." 

William Bates, B.A, 


In the Tery Interesting Mas^ Plantin Moretus 
at Antwerp the account is duly entered by Bal- 
tbaaar Moretus of tho moneys piiid by bim to 
Kabens from 1629 to I63G for frontispieces, 
vignettes, and devices. The ledger c«n be shown 
to any one who applie§ for permission to consult it. 
Rubens received 1,103 ftoribs, of which 387 was 
for frontispieces — thirteen at twenty florins each, 
eight ut twelve* two at eight, and three at five. 
Joannes Meuraius (Jeim van Meviro) was the 
Associate of Bulthasar Plantin from 1618 till 1620 ; 
bat previous to 1629 Jean Morelus II., brother 
of Balthaiar, had pidd in Rubens for the frontis- 
piece of his great breviary and illustrations to the 
same 132 florios, besides payments for vij^nettes 
and designs for different bouks Lo the value of 
about 200 Horins. The catalogue of the maseum 
contains the complete Hat of the illustrated 
works. In glass cases round one of the rooms 
and in the centre may be seen Rubens's 
receipts for money received and copies of all his 
designs. I recommend any one who is inter- 
ested in the history of engraving and printing; io 
visit this museum. Plantin and his descen'iants^ 
the Moretus fnmily, bud the monopoly of printioff 
all niis^uils and reli^ous books for the court of 
Spain from ihe year 1570. There are some very 
fine portraits by Rubens jof the family. Thus. 

The Hkirship op thr Percies : Earls or 
NoRTHtTMBEaLAND (O** S. V. 3-J3, 431; viL 28, 
54). — My "scruples," as Mr. Rocsd terms them, 
are not in the least saliafiecl by what be calls bis 
** proviso" in your last number. At the first of 
the above references be affirmed that " tho Duke 
of Athole is undoubtedly the (Kole) heir general of 
the great house of Percy, and as such the possessor 
of those Percy titles which xvere descendible to 
bein ueneral." On this you showed, first, 
tliat the Duke of Alhole'ci descent from the 
Percies, in so far as the qnestion nt issue is in- 
volved, at all events, is through the Smithsons; 
&Dd. seooodly, that there are no Percy titles, pro- 
perly speaking, descendible to heirs general now 
in existence. The barony of Percy which tho 
Duke of Athole inherits is a barony created by 
writ under a well-known misappreheusioa on the 
summons to the Hnuie of Lords of Alfremoo, subse- 
quently seventh Duke of Somerset, in 1722, after 
the death of hia mother, the dan^'hier and heiress 
of Jo^cvline, eleventh Edrl of Northumberland. 
The Duke of Somerset! daughter and heiress was 

the wife of Sir Hugh Smithnon, who, under n 
fresh creation with a special limitation, succeeded 
as Eurl of Nurtbumbcrlnnd, and was af\erwiirfl)r 
created Duke of Northumberland, and he is the 
common ancestor of the present Duke of Northum- 
berland and the present Duke of Athole. At the 
next of the above references Mn. Round repeated 
the assertion that ** the Duke of Athole is now tbn 
sole heir peneral " of " the p^at house of Percy,** 
and stated that^ " as such ** he is at any rate co- 
heir to certain other baronies (not Percy title>> 
which it is needless to enumerate. At the last of 
(he aboTc references Mr. Round suys that what 
he meant is that "the Duke of Athole was 
sole heir of the Percies, Dukes of yorthumber- 
hni, of whom the preiient (Smlthson) line of 
dukes are, as I explained, 'neither heirs male 
nor heirs f(eoera1.' " As n matter of fact, there 
never have been any Percies Dukfs of Xorlhum- 
htrlandf except the present (Smitheon) lino of 
dukes, who are Percies by female descent through 
Seymour. The dukedom of Northumberland ba^ 
been thrice, and only thrice, created. John 
Dudley, Earl of Warwick, was msde Duke of 
Northumberland in 1B61; George Fitz-Roy, Eart 
of Northumberland, was made Duke of Northum- 
berUnd in 1683; and Hugh Smithson, Earl of 
Northumberland, was made Duke of Northumber- 
land in 1766. The Duke of Atbnle is the heir- 
geoeral of Huizb, second Dukeof Nortbumberhind 
of the last creatiou, through hia daughter ; the 
Duke of Northumberland is the heir male of Hugh 
the 6rat duke, and of Hugh the second duke, 
through the second son of the former, who was 
younger brother of tho latter. If, therefore, the 
Duke of Northumberland is not the heir male of 
the daughter and heiress of the seventh Duke of 
Somerset, who was the son and heir of the daughter 
and heiress of the eleventh Earl of Northumber- 
land, the Duko of Atbolo cannot be her heir 
general. U^ indeed, the Duke of Athole is to be 
described as the heir genend of a family, instead of 
more correctly of a pereon, be should be described 
m the heir general uf the Smithsons rather than of 
the Percies. 

I am obliged to Mr. Bovle for his reference to 
tho Herald and Otncalogist, vol iii. pp. 270-1, 
with which, however, I was acquainted when 
I sent you the Percy - Woodro!f« - Paver pedi- 
gree from Banks's linroiiiti Ayiglui CoHCfntrat<L. 
I am not in any way called upon to establish the 
Percy-Woodroffc-Paver genealogy, which may or 
may not be genuine. But Mr. William Downing 
Bruce*8 pamphlet did nut dispose of it, and the 
Harleian MS. 6070, fol. 123, does not support the 
Rev. Joseph Hunter's statements in bin South y'ork- 
»hirt^ vol. ii. p. 387. In the Harleian MS., which is 
a copy of Flower's (Norroy King of Arms) Visita- 
tion of Yorkshire of 1&84-5, it is recorded tbab 
" Josua Woodrotr, son and helre of B.v<:\ax>\.^ %n.^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. is<^ & vil ji». k.-ss.' 

Lady Elizabeth Percy, married " Magdalen, dr. & 
heire of Boger Bellings, of Denbigh." But 
"Charles Wm>droff'* is the only child of theirs 
entered in the pedigree, and there is not a word 
about "Joseph, Francis, Foljambe, and Mary," 
who are named by Hunter. Nor is there a void 
about them in Hopkinson*s Pedigrees of the West 
Biding of Yorkshire (British Museum Additional 
MS. 26,739), and the same reticence is to be re- 
marked on consulting Harleian MS. 4630, which 
is, indeed, a duplicate or transcript of Hopkinson's 
MS. But any of your readers who may be desirous 
•of pursuing the subject further may consult William 
Paver's GenealogicAl and other Gollections (British 
Mnsenm Additional MSS. 29,644-29,703), where, 
in sixty manuscript volumes, they may discover 
what be has to say for himself. These MSS. were 
purchased by the Trustee^ of the British Museum 
from " Percy Woodroffe Paver, Esq., June, 1874." 

F. D. 

Will you kindly allow me to supply some words 
which I see I must have omitted in my reply as 
sent to you, namely, " said to be represented by 
the " before " Dukes of Northumberland " 7 ThU 
alludes to the original assertion which I ques- 
tioned, viz., that the Duke of Northumberland 
was " undoubtedly the heir general of the great 
house of Percy " (G"» S. v. 210). It might seem 
from my reply, as printed, that I supposed the 
Percics to have been Dukes of Northumberland 
— which, of course, they never were. 

J. H. Round. 


"As CLEAM AS A PISK " (6"» S. Tl. 409). — Ab 
a native of the Pytchley country and well ac- 
quainted with the appearance of foxhunters' 
pink, I may perhaps venture to differ from Coth- 
nsiiT Bbde as to the origin of the expres- 
sion " as clean as a pink." As a matter of fact, 
the generality of bunting men did not wear pink, 
but green, less than a hundred years ago; indeed 1 
have henrd old-fashioned sportsmen declare that 
pink covered more cowards in the hunting field 
than any other colour. The expression surely has 
a much earlier origin; for we have "as red as a 
rose," coming at least from mediajval times, "as 
pure us a lily," and other similes taken from 
flowers. Moreover, save in the very limited period 
of its newness and freshness, a pink coat, with its 
successive stains of nmd and rain, is anything but 
an emblem of cleanliness. Besides, a man who 
hunts in pink would probably be somewhat startled 
to hear himself spoken of as ** a pink." Now the 
pink is certainly as clean and fresh a looking flower 
as can well be met with. That Oriental nations, 
notably the Persians, tfaonght highly of its purity 
is sufficiently evidenced by its constant employ- 
m«nt in their decomttoos. Let foxhunters, then, 
ham the transient freshnen of their mad-stained 

and rain-bedraggled coats and any aphorism which 
so fleeting a brightness may properly suggest, but 
let not the world be deprived of the agreeable 
sentiment which a sweet and humble flower has 
hitherto conveyed to oar minds. 

Albert HARTSHonK& 
This question is put as If the writer were not 
familiar with the very common expression " the 

Sink of perfection," which, however, I only set 
own as a variant, not as an attempt at & deriva- 
tion. But the mention of the word leads me to 
speak of a curious error (?) in Webster's Dictionary. 
He has, " To pink, to work in eyelet-boles, to 
pierce with small boles." Now, in daily use "to 
pink " simply means to stamp the edge of a stuff 
with a zigzag pattern, like the flower pink, and 
Brockhaus gives the German and French equiva- 
lents as ausKacken and dicouper respectively, with- 
out a word about making holes. On the other 
hand, I have always understood traditionally that 
the word " eyelet-holo ** was derived from teiUet, 
which is certainly its equivalent in French, and is 
also the French word for the flower pink. Where 
is the connexion ? I have also hei^ it asserted 
that the word wateTf denoting the lustre of a jewel, 
was originally the ** eye of a jewel," and that we 
adopted icater by retran slat ion, the French having 
appropriated our word «i/«, and turned it into eau. 
This would seem fanciful, but that I actually have 
an old German dictionary in which vxtuer, in this 
sense, is translated by " the eye of a jewel.*' 

R. H. BiTSE. 

May I venture to suggest a possible explanation 
of this saying? Topink=to pierce in little, or eyelet 
holes. Each of them, wlwn pierced with a sharp 
instrument, as a stiletto or a pin, is perfectly round 
and not at all jairgod. Hence " as clean as a pink " 
^as clean as a hole is pierced. Alpha. 

I suggest that pink is the old fencing term. To 
pink a man, the readers of Scott will remember, is 
to run him through the body; and such a clean 
thrust might, I think, give ritie to the proverbial 
phrase. 0. F. S. Warhen, MA. 

Treneglos, Kenwyn, Truro, 

The Festival of the Pope's Chair (Jax. 16) 
(6* S. vii. 47).— There is no festival of this name 
on January 16, or on any other day in tbe Koman 
Calendar. " St. Peter's Chair in Rome " is com- 
memorated on January 18. The cbair was not 
made away with, as Ms. Platt seems to imply, 
on occasion of the alleged " unlucky discovery " 
of the subject of the sculpture decorating it, 
but is preserved with the greatest vencmtioa 
within the massive bronze shrine erected by Ber- 
nini, under Alexander VII., at a cost of 50,000iL 

The *' Cattedra di S. Pietro " is not supposed to 
be a piece of ecclesiastical work. The tradition oon- 
oecning it is that it was a chair in the lioow of 

<Jrt«aVIL JlK.Sr. '83.1 

the Senator Pudena, given for St. Peter's use xrhen 
he was liric^' an honoured ^uest there. There 
could, be no reason, therefore, why it might nob bo 
decorated with the labours of Hercules or any 
other subjert in TOfifiie fit the time. It is well 
known to students of the CutAcomba that the enrly 
Christians frequently adapted actual pagan de- 
cnrations to Cbristitin subjects. Bnt in thia cnse 
there waa no question eren of uduptatioa. The 
Senator in supposed simply to hi»ve put ft hnnd- 
iionie piece of furniture at his guest's disposal 
The very ornament supported the tradition. Had 
the decoration been of on ecclesiastical chamcter, 
the chair could not have been what it professed lo 
be. Clearly, therefore, there waa nothing " un- 
lacky," and nothini; to conceal. 

On occasion of the celebration of the centenary 
of St. Peter in 1867, this remarkable relic vnis 
taken down from its Bhrine and exponed to public 
Tiew and veneration on the altar of the Madonna 
del Socoorso for a fortnight — the Zouaves keeping 
np n guard of honour before it day and night. 

During that time, by order of Mgr. Giraud 

icegerent of Rome, I think, at the time), it 
:wfta photographed, and I have a very distinct copy, 
which I should be willing to show to any one in- 
terested in the matter. There are eighteen square 
ledallions, the subjects of which may mostly be 
'tnade out with a strong magnifier. There are 
also Fome rich scroll borders on the mouldingv, but 
no Arabic characters on any part of it. 

While on this subject it is worlh while to quote 
!.«n opinion ptissed upon the handsome but terribly 

tro«o shrine — the design of which bos been de- 
Ltcribed in every guide-book, and need not be 
repeated here — in a cnriona little old record I have 
of a visit to Rome, called Roma lUustrata, pub- 
li>ihed in 1709, xs the writer probably saw it 
within forty yeara of its completion, while its 
lustre would have been still fresh : — 

* This Woric is on? ortho<*e whoii Beauty is lo bright 
svtotukko tbt? wlioto World render the Justice due to 
ita Autlinr. We CUT] not I'Mik at it witliout admiring tli« 
fliciinotf of thi\t Cjcnnit< wlu'fo Invention could make, if 
I may B:iy it, out nf Nothinf; a Thine so |>ninil and 
tiiA^Tiinceitt. To iua]te a Chiur anil to make it ono of 
Ilia i^reat««t Ornuuenti of tbe uioat beautiful Church in 
the World !! " 

And Ro he rnn^ on thron^h a whole page, not nt all 
in harmony with a more chastened taste, bnt it 
lows that the stylo gave pleasure nt a time 
rh«Ti rhe principles of art which ffuidcd the 
ligner of the work were the prevailing rule of 
it*. 1 reniembct that the lit* Cardinal Wii^e- 
iD published a most exhaustiv« historical 
:ount of thi^ chair some years ai;o, and at the 
iwe time an aniu.sing trpoU of the fable about 
le Arabic inscription. It will be found in vol. iii. 
hia Esmys on Furious Huhjccte, 

R, n. BtT3K. 

Tknms (G"» S. iii. 495 ; iv. 00, 214 ; v. flC, 73 ; 
vL 373. 410, 430, 470, 619, 543 ; vii. l!i).— I am 
obliged to J. D. for his correction of my Ktatement 
"that only a stout cord was used to divide the 
players at tennis," but I cannot accept it without 
some sort of proof. What I really wrote was,, 
" Tennis has never been played over a string or a^ 
i(rc«t, but over a stout rope"; and, as far na ^ 
know, tbut statement is accurate, and is borot 
out by all repiesentationti of uld tennis-courts, 
and all descriptions of the game with which I 
have ever met. To this rope was afterwards 
added a fringe, which developed later on into the 
net which we now have, to stop those balls which 
otherwise would posti under the ro[>e. That 
tennis-players leuhnicdly called, and do still call, 
that rope the line, does not affect the question of 
the rope'fl thickness. T cannot, however, enter here 
upon a discussion of the Rame, which would very 
soon, if pennittcd, CU these columns, to no gooa 
purpose. The only point of interest lo readers of 
** N. & Q" seems to me to lie in the derivation of 
the name of the game. J. D. has not, I think, 
shown that " the word, in one form or other, was 
used here before the game waa invented." Per- 
haps he will tell me when the game waa invented. 
The derivation of tenis from Una or ienfon is not 
satisfactory ; nor was the game at first culled 
" teonia " in England, but '*tbe pamo" {jhiunu). 
I do not think it w proved that "the word was 
understoi^ in iis old sense of beating to and fro." 
That is just what I fthould like to see not merely 
ctated, but also proved. I was aware of Spenser's 
tiunrative nse of the term, and have quoted it 
elsewhere ; but T believe it to be unique in the 
works of classical authors ; nt least, I have never 
yet found a parallel passage, and should be much 
obliged for a reference to any other author who 
has so used it, Itut Spenser is a comparatively 
late writer to quote in euch a case. 

If J. D. wishes to know something more about 
the history of this game, and (I hope I way say, 
without being suspected of egotism) somethiog 
more accurate than the information which ha 
seems to have obtained from one of the most 
inaccurate books in the language, i^fnUt*t Sportif 
&c, I venture to ask him to look into my Annals 
of Tennia, 1878, where ho will see that I prove, or 
attempt to prove, such statements as I have made. 
Julian Marshall. 

ThkStar of thk Magi (G"* S. vii. 4).— It is 
impassible to harmonize St. MalLhew and St. 
Luke on the subject of the events of our Lord's 
infant life if we suppose that the visit of the 
magi took plane in the same year iw the presenta- 
tion in the Temple. But if we suppose th.'vt the 
Huly Family returned after the presentation to 
Bethlehem, and Intended to live there per- 
manently, and that the visit of the magi took 

place in the folIowiDg year, oil difficulty 
TfiDitjbes ; nod this is 9troii(>ly supported by 
the narrative of St. Miitlhew when cirefiiUy 
eonsifiered. 1. That Joseph intended to live at 
Bethlehem is probAble from Nfntt. ii. 21, 22. He 
raennt to ^o aad live nt Bethlehem, but, fenring 
Archelnn>4. chiiovied bis plans, and went to Nuzv 
reth. 2. Thnt it is probable that the visit of the 
innf;i took pince a after is coDfirmed by 
exAmiDiDfr St. Mtttt. ii. 7. Herod 'Meiirned of 
them carefully" (Rev. Ver), i)K/j/^wtrf, what time 
the star appeared. The star, then, bad been seen 
for some time by the mftpi. Then, when Herod 
determined to kill the children at Bethlehem, he 
''slew all the male children that were in Belble- 
heai, and in »1I the borders thereof, from two years 
old and under, according to the time which he 
had carefully learned of the wise men " (Rev. Ver.). 
If by careful inquiry he ajicertnined that the star 
had appeared the year before, i.e., at the lime of 
onr Lord's birth, he would naturally put to death 
those " from two years old and under," in order to 
eniure our Lord'« death. Had it been the same 
year, he would most probably have ordered those 
of one year and under, which would have fully 
answered his purpose. Besides thi.<t, Buppoaing 
that the magi came from Babylon, which was not 
only the home of the magi but is directly east of 
Palestine, they could scarcely accomplish the 
journey, with all its previous preparations, in 
twelve days. Travetlin); is slow in the £;ist. The 
case, then, stands thus : the st^r appeared at the 
time of the birth of our Lord ; its continual pre- 
sence in the heavens induced inquiry among the 
magi of Babylon. They would probably possess 
some of the books of the Hebrew prophets, espe- 
cially the writio^^s of Daniel, for Daniel was made 
the chief of the maciciaus and astrologers ; there 
was also, as we learn from heathen writers, a 
" vetna et con^tans opinio" that Judea would 
about that time obtain the dominion of the world. 
Xaturally they would turn their steps to Jeru- 
salem ; and then, as soon aa they set out, the star, 
which had before been stationary, began to move, 
and they followed its guidance. A whole year is 
not loo long for these events to have taken place. 
E. Leatok Blenkissopp. 

TEftKNCB (6**1 S. vi. 367).— The edition referred 
to ta of DO critical value, being simply a reprint, 
a« staled on the title, of ZeuniuaV text. It hos the 
merit of typn(Tmphic!il beauty, and, so fur as I 
know, of Hcounicy. It vn% designed to be a pom- 
panion volume to the editions of Horace nod Viryil 
issued by the same publishers in 1824, with titles 
and front inpiece.q engraved by William Finden after 
Weslftll and Corbould, and the three volumes, in 
uniform bintlings or in the original condition, ore 
tin acquisition not easily tnade, but full of delight 
to the la«teful cl«salciU scholar. Theae volumes 



have one drawback in not having the lines noro- 
bered. They are highly commended by DJbdto 
in his Introduction to Oie Cl/ntics, fourth edition, 
1627, vol. ii. pp. 123,461,564, as "models for 
■ccuriicy of text and beauty of paper and press- 
work." As to the second part of yonr corr<«8poo- 
dent's query, he will find most ample information 
as to Aldine editions in Kenouard's Anni\Ui d* 
VJmprimtrU des Aldtf^ PariJi, 1825, or other 
editions ; and as to the Elzevirs in the AnnaUs lU 
VImpriinfrie EUtviriinne, par Charles Pieters, 
Gaud, 1651, 8vo., and in Le$ Elzf:fsUi\ Binioirt tt 
AnnaUs Typngraphiques, par Alphonse Willems, 
BnixcUos, ISSO, 8vo, The more rare and valu- 
able edition!) from thei<e presses are noticed in 
Brunet'« Manutl, in which work will be found 
records of the prices which these choice editions 
have bron£;ht at the sales of well-known libraries 
both in England and on the O^ntinent. As 
LiopniLos aeenis to be entering on his careei 
an amateur of beautiful editioof, I may perl 
venture on the suggestion that a ROod deal of si 
and minute examination of copies known to be 
lino will be required before he can attain to lb* 
dificriminulion which will enable him to jud;^ of 
the comparative value of dilTerent copies of the 
same book. He will find it a pleasant study, and 
one that must be continuous; and should he aim at 
collecting also, he muat have a full purse and 
prepared to encounter many rivuU in the 
field. W. K. BccKLM 

The following is the account of the edition' 
1825 given by Dobn in his edition of Lowa< 
Manual, vol. T. p. 2tJ(>6: — 

" Tereotli CumcDdin, ex Editions Zaunil. Load. 
\ng, Triphook & Lepard. l'^25. }2mn. portrait andj 
nettfl after Stotbkrd by Finden. 6j.'' 

From the original edition of Lowndes (vol, 
p. 1786), it would appear ihnt a copy of the 
fetched half-a-crown at the Drury sale. 

ti. FiSBKR. 
CuGOESHALL JoKES {6^ S. vi. 308). 

baJi: — 

•' • Jeering Cnxhall (a/tax Cog«h«l!)/ I|«w maoh 
herein 1 am as iitmlile u* tell m* totti to believe. f4i 
am tlmt no t"wn ipi Kn^'lmid of its bianf*-' ■'' - 
nmrtvrt in tlie rcii^n of C^ucen Mnrr, wlr 
jest witli ibe tire, but fonouily lutlercd t\- 
fuerirKed. for llip toftimonv i-f a (Too-I tuns'.itni:* 
itlni.-« llicT liave arqulivil a ieerin;; iiualit^r. it if til 
leare it, Meing it \» better to itand in pain, till oai 
be w««ry. thon tit at cats in t))e chair of tiic scor 
— WorUt.t*. " Ea^x," p. 321, ItiU'i. 

OKonoR DjiKCE, AnrisT (G'" S. vi. 4t»7 
Oeor;;e Dance, pen., was on^rniilly n ahipw] 
but afterwards turned hiatitteution toarvhitcf 
Ho became clerk of the works and surveyor t( 
City of Loudon, was the architect of tho Mai 
House, and died la 1768. His sod, Georgia Vi 






jttn., who wna bora in 17J0, succeeded bis father 
to Ihe ortice of sorreyor to the City, nnd was Ibe 
architect of Newgate ; be was oUo one of Che 
original members of the Roral Academy, and was 
appointed Professor of Architecture, ibough he 
never delivered &nj lectures to ihe students. The 
•joUection of seveDty-two portraiU, which were en- 
graved from bis sketches hy WUltAm Daniel, K.A , 
was originally brouRht out in twelve numbers 
(I802-V4), at ibe price of a guinea each nmnber. 
Mr. Quaritcb, in bis catalogue for ISai, offered a 
copy for cale for two guineas. In 1854, accordirg 
to Bohn, this work was reissued with additional 
portraits and biographies. G. F. R. B. 

George Dance (or the son) exhibited views of 
the Mansion Hoose and St. Leonard's, Sboreditcb, 
at the Society of Artieta in 1763. having in 1761 
sent a design for Blackfriitrs Briilge. Oeorgc 
Dance-, E.A.. the sod, exhibited at the Royal 
Academy (1770-lSOO) five architectural drawings 
and nineteen crayon portraiMi, the latter being the 
uriginalfl of the Ukenesses, publisbed from 1608 to 
1614, of eminent men drawn from the life. 

Alobrkoit Gratc& 

Notices of both father and son will be found in 
A LHciionarxf of ArtUU of ihe Englitk SfJiool, by 
Samuel Redgrave, 8vo., London, 1878. 

•• I>ancs, G. Collection of portraits 5kelchc<l from liff, 
rojral folio, 113 plate*, hf. morocco neat, giU tdet*, 
2/. V2j.6d. Theee portrait* wvn •ketclieil betwMti 17iH 
and 1810. They cotniirUc ull tlio •cietitiSc, lUtrmry. *nd 
other celebriiicH of that periotl. The platea ure ciigntTed 
by G. I'liniell."— Art. 611, p. tU». BemMrd Quntiich'a 
OeMtrnl Ciiittioyu^ of Aoo^j, th« buppleinrnt, 1S75-77, 
thick t^TD.. LondoD, 1877, 

Frank Rkdb Fowkb. 

24, Victoria Omve, Chelsea. 

A Spocter (6'^ S. vi. 389)— A spouter evi- 
dently means a whaler, i.e., a whaling ebip. 
"There abe spouts I'' ia the usual cry from the 
look-out in the crow's ne«t when a whtde is 
sogbted. On the other hand, in old Stonyburst 
ptfUnce — and my son tells nie that the term is 
still used— a nou/^r means a fellow wbo bos to 
delirer a spceco, &c., on any of tbc academy days. 
The Stonyburst vocabnlary is a very rich one ; 
and, I will add, very dear to old Stonyhurst men 
of the right sort, wbo constantly use it in familiar 
intercourse among themselves. 

Edmund Witbrtobt. 

Dcepiog Water ton Halt 

I End from Admiral Smyth's Sailor'i FPord- 
Book thfit fpcultr is "a whnlin;; terui for a South 
8ea whale "; I tiiink, thereftire, thiit fpouia- in the 
patiage c|notcd means & whaling ve^iseL 


WAlDOOy, OF CnARLBT, L'O. LRjr.'BfiTKR (6** 

St tL 3S;^j.— Pedigree st p. 490 of vol. i. of .^7. 
^amw'« Jbf'ij^WTM u/i(^ Jiftaldic and JOstoncal 

lUgxstfT, edited by J. Bernard Burke, K*q., 2 vols. 
Sro, London, 1850. Frank Rbdc Fuwke. 

lU, Victoria Grove, Cb^lsea. 


a Ti. 309).— 

" Chioe. A ra yoa a genllflinan bom 1 

*' Crts. Thai I am, ImIv ; you thaJl ^e mioe armt [kc} 

**Ckiot. NoiyourleaadofufficieatlyshswyouBreagerv- 

tleman torn, *ir; for a man borne upon little lega. is 

alwiirs a g-ntleman born/*— B. Jonaon, TU Poti'i^Ur, 


That the joke was a known one is shown by three 
references to it in Dekker's SaiirofKoatiz, of which 
tbia is the first : — 

" Dicachd. NaT, nnthtos but wishes you were marrieJ 
to cUattmall Ui&ber'd Kallmot.'* 

But while well aware, from my own reading, that 
3ucb allusions were then " freqaent,** or at least 
not unfrequent, I have not noted tbemj and my 
memory is of the slipperiest. Br. Nichoi-sox. 

" Little legs " were considered a mark of gen- 
tility; witness, among others, the fnllowing, from 
Ben JonsoD, Evtry ManoMtof his llunwur, III. L. 
" A young, straight, and upright gentleman, of 
the age of five or six and twenty at the most ; 
who can serve in the nature of a gentleman usher, 
and hath little legs of purpose, and a black satin 
suit of his own to go before her in." The old joke 
is on the opposition of legs and body ; such a 
fushtonabie figure, if it bad liitle Ugt^ had at least 
some body. The woodcuts in tbe old play are 
mere caricatures. James Morisos. 

Fraxcis Crow (6«* S. vi. 3S8).— In the list of 
"Ejected or Silenced Ministers," at the end of 
the Life of Baxter, by Calamy, vol il p. 6-17, 
Lond., 1713, it is stated that be was "bora in 
Scotbind, but educated under the famous Da 
Moulin in Fmnce"; that "not being able to live 
quietly at bts home he went to Jamaica in '83, 
where he remained till '87, when be relumed to 
England"; also that he died "in the yeiir'93"; 
and further, that to bis "posthumous piece, called 
Mensalia Sacra, a brief account of bia life ia 
prefixed, where such as desire to know more of 
him may be satisfied." £d. MAoaRALL. 

Born in Scotland ; of tbc family of Hughhead, 
within six miles of Berwick-upon-Tweed. His 
Mtiualia Sacra, which was a posthumous pub- 
lication, has a brief account of bis life prefixed. 
Cf. Colamy's Account, 1713, p. 647 ; CouiinutX' 
ti'on, 1727, pp. 790-796 ; llev. John Browne's 
HiAlory of CongriijaXumalUjJi in Norfolk and 
Suffolk, 1877, p. 507. J. Imolk Dredok. 

He became Vicar of Hundon, Suffollc, from 
which living he was ejected in 106*2 ; afterwards 
he cootiDut'd preaching to large coagregaliooa at 
Clare, Bury, Jamaiai, and other places. 




(WkBLVIl. JAif.27, 


Translations or Juvekal OS*^ S. vi. 33S).— 
1 cauDOL help F. W. C to an answer to his query, 
but I Tenture to send the following notes of trans- 
lations of JuTenal in uiy own collection : — 

1. Apparently the tlrst appearance of the great 
Rouian sntirisU Juvtnal and Perfins^ by Barten 
Holyday, in h^e folio, with curious engravings 
and very excellent and learned noteft. 1616. — A 
Udb for line version, good and correct in sense, 
but wretched tw poetry. 

2. Mom Hoviinum: ih^ Manners of Men y th- 
ieribed in Si.rUr.n Satyrs hy Juvenal, translated, 
with larifO Ooujuients out of the Law» and Ousloms 
of the Romans, by Sir Rob. Stnpylton, Knt., folio, 
portrait by Lombard^ and seventeen plates by 
Hollar. 1G60. 

3. A transUtion printed at Oxford, very curious. 
1673. Dedicated to the Canons of Christ Church, 

4. The version by many hands, under the super- 
vision of Drydcn. Of varying meritj folio. 1693, 
and ofCeu after. 

6. The translation by W. Gifford. 18()2. 

6. A version expurgated for the use of schools, 
Owen. 1805. 

7. Francis Hodgson, of Eton fame, made a good 
tmnslation, largo paper copies of which, with list 
of subscribers, are beautiful books. Printed by 
Bcnsley, 1807, •kbo, 

8. A poetical version by Badbam, 18mo., Valpy. 

There are many literal prose ventions, aa Evans, 
Smart, Giles, and commentary and notes, besides 
adaptations of single satires without number. The 
peculiar character of much of Juvenal's Satires 
deters modern translators ; but Messrs. Kegan 
Paid & Co, havft ju*t published a poetical version 
by Mr, W. P. Shaw, M.A., barrister-at-law. 

Adis WiLLIAUa. 

Dennis, in his Mwfllany PoemSj made transla- 
tions of Juvenal, 1607. Then the Rev. William 
Heath Harsh, 1804, translated Juvenal in verae. 
There was a complete verse translation of an ex- 

5urgated text issued in 1786 by E. Owen ; also a 
uvenal in verse by W. Rhodes in 1801; also by 
Francis Hodcson in 1807. Of course F. W. C. 
means Badham when he says Bodham. There 
was a new translation attempted in li^lS, sec 
vol. viii. of the Qnaritrty Review, Whether any 
of the^e contain the lines cited I am onable to say. 

C. A. Ward. 

Hops Orowv lu Essex (6«^ 8. vi. 369).— In 
tfae Nnc and Comphit BiHory cf jS^mx, voL i. 

p. 92, Chelmsford, 1770:— 

" Here are s«verAl plnntations of hofrf by Ihe r«iul- 
aide, wliich lo samuur time hatu a ulctuing Ajipftarmnce. 
And rrequ'Mitly turn out lu (he woBldenble advoiitage 
«f tbo pfsntcri." 

£d. Marsball. 

Garrw's "Shrvet or Cornwall" (C*" 3. vii, 
27). — The following quotation from Mr. Davie*'s 
SupplefMnUiry KnglUh Gloimry will explain thci 
phrase ''Darbye's bonds"; — 

•'jDar&iM, hsnJcufTi (ftliing\ In Uio first 
refcrenco is to n nian inrolved in difHcMlritu ' 
&o. • They tie tha poore atiulo in mcii /fdrftiV* ,.n.iMi- — 
Greeno. Qwipjoran VftUarl Conrliei; 1592 (Unrl. 3Uk.>| 
T. 400)." I 

Is not "whitauU" written for nhitfalf Seoi 
Bailey's Dictionary (17A0) under the latt(?r word. 


" Darbye's bonds * are handcnff*. " The phrase 
•father Derbies bands' fnr h:i«'lcufl3 aconra in 
Gascoigne'a Steel Glas, 157<>. The origin is un-j 
known" (AnnaudiUe'e OgilviCf «,v. '* Durby "). \ 

J. lb. TuoaKE. 

BnoTK (6** S, vii. 9). — Annandale's edition o: 
Ogilvie's Imperial Victioiuiry has, j.v. *'BogicJ 

"Sahl to be from Bitg/tv, a floni], tlm hostecoal-wftggion 
beioR so culled because, from its suddenly turnini: irlien 
people least expected it, they iiied to nxclaim that th«; 
new wa^ou waa'Uld Bogey' himself." 

J. K. TnoiLKK. 

The common tradition as to the American-in' 
vented boKie-engine seem to bo that it was sc 
called because it moves about ao easily, glides Uk< 
a hobgoblin. U. H. liustt. 

Franc. Balth. SoLvrNS (G"" S. vt. ^2f»: vii 
13).— It may [Kissibly beof interest to liooiereadei 
of "K. & Q." to know that the original druwing*, 
with MS, deacriptioDS of Solvyns's work on tb« 
costumes, manners, and customs of the people ol 
India, were lately offered to the South Kensington 
Mufteum.and have been secured for the ArtLlbnwyJ 
There are two hundred and forty-eight drawi 
(the complete scries it is believedj, with 
dedication to the Earl of Mornington (aftei 
Marciuis Welle«ley), Governor-General of 
and dated " Calcutta, December. 1706." 

Gbukue Walus, F. 

South Kensington Maieum. 

Mias Krixt, the Acrrtitsg (C'*" S. vi. *160" 
623 ; vii. 31, 52).- The statement of Mft. E. « 
Blanciiaud that Lydia Kelly was Fanny {L«^ 
Frances Maria) Kolly'a sister is, of course, Oeci] 
sive. My authority for saying she was tb« «iatt< 
of Miso F. H Kelly w;w lUpresinUiivt Aet&rt 
by W. Clark Uusaell (p. 3S4J, where it is """ 
corded. Cbarlu W: 

MEMORAnLR IlEsiorirrs ih Tsr i 


vil l)H).— John Quick must, indeed, hu\^ 
memorable man, if Mr. Croker and Mr. 
bury be right, for be most fanre been the fa 
Mrs. Davenport at eleven yttktt old. 

A. H. CtiHii 

a**i.i7. -M.? 


77 I 

"It is artTCR to wrAa nrr thax to rcstt 
out" (6"* S. vL 'At%, 495) U, I ibxak, a tayinic of 
Bishop Latimer'^. G. B. 

Allow me to cnntnbute townnlii tliU (llseu'iioo 
the Mlowini* Genuun line«, aduiir;iblc fur llicir 
perfect thythtu auj aWitcnitions ; — 

** MdMiKe Uuheiiit vnUi^tu* su KtMlen, 
Uiiigeru Hutcii iat Aiclictei UosUu." 

Ttwir oriyin i« not known lo luo. L. A. R. 

AttaetiatUB Club. 

Cakmichael FAiiii-T (0*" S. vi, •lJ=in. nin).— In 
»ply to the lefereufe, &c., kindly given hy J. R, C. 
in Ansvrt'f to my queries, I wi^b to mention ibut 
the cxiatencd of Jobu iind Samuel, the soni^, bns 
not been luaumed by inc ; but I iliii not numliiin 
the proofs in my queried, from a wish to niukc theu) 
as sbort and concise m possible. However, lulbeir 
existence and that also of tbe brother uud gmudsou 
of Lord Crtrmichael bas in a wny been challenged 
by J. R. C, I will give proofs of it. 

Sasineon charter byWilliam, Marqtiis of Douglas 
to Sir James Carmichael of that illc, Kot., Bt., of 
the lands of Keidmyre wai witneased bySirWilliam 
Clurmicbael, Samuel Oarmichnel, and John Car- 
micbael, bkwfti] sons of the «iiid Sir James (Par- 
ticuUr RegiBt«r of SasiDea, Lunurkshire, vol. 3, 
&lio S19, aaaine given March b, 1634). 

John Carmichael, son of Sir James Carmichael 
of that ilk, U.M. Treasurer Depute^ ^inted a dis- 
charge to Jumes Livingstone, gentleman of H.M. 
bedchamber, for Betilement of all intromissions 
between them for the time during which the said 
John Carmichael collected James Livingstotie'i! 
rents durio;? the (roubles of the conotry, dated 
Edinburgh, Not. 22, 1641 (Gen. Regis, of Deeds, 
Scot.j ToLfiSO). James Livingstone ^'Hinted him an 
anignatioo of all the rents due to hiui (Livingstone) 
out of the Barony of Bcil prior to 1G4I (/£i.. 
ToL 636). 

John the brother was given a thousand pound;} 
off the litiid« of Ponfeigh on his brother Lord 
(Tormieliaeln marriage, as nppcan from a deed 
discovered among ihc family papers b; the late 
Surgeon Carmichael in 1843. (Memorandum in 
his vrriling in poaieasion of my family, corroborated 
by th»* HiuniUun M8S. quoted in VUter Journal 
o/ Anhtrohtrjy, whereby it appears that I^ord Car- 
liiicliael Was Ki^hol IJiimiUon's eldest brother, 
thereby proving sbo bad more liiaa one. Slie was 
tbe wife of Archibald Hamilton of Hallcriiig, in 

Jnmes the gmndeoa (son of Sir James of Bonny- 
touu) was nerved heir of his mother, Murgaret 
Greir, duuphter of Utr John Oreir, of fxig, Knt., 
and her sister, July £7, KJCO, and is described as 
** fiUus nutu maximus " of Sir James of Butinytoun 
(dcutitsb Geuctal loqtiis. Abbreviations, 49Z1 and 

Tbe Sir James to whom J. R. C. refers aa of 
Bonnytoun vru the nephew of the above, and ho 
married Margaret Baillie, &c. V. F. 

LtTrris: LicnriRtn (0**'S. vi. 146,273,337).— 
It seetUH hardly puisible, »9 a(ig);eit«d, to consider 
tbe mtxlern form and the common historical expln- 
mttioD OS due simply to popular (t.c.^ I ihtppose 
Mr. Matukw means ignorant) etymoIo;;y ; at 
leant, wbeo those who have a«»erti?d ii are found 
with such names as Bale, Camden, L^nubarde^ 
A^bmole, Johnson, and 3o4worth. Still, tho 
difficulty suggested by the forms in Bede, the 
Sfxxon Chrovielft and Kemhle's Coda, aeems 
to deserve atletitioa; but I know not whether 
it has not been auticipated by l*koi'. Skkat's 
reference to the cognate word /ic£»ti, fur tbe plno 
Uiuy have been a cemetery originally, but disused 
in periods previous even to the Teutonic invaders, 
and then appropriated by those and characterized 
by an added expression denoting that the spot 
that hod received the dead had been made to fur- 
nish food for the living. The analysis of such 
place-names shows often instances of successive 
appropriations, and not seldom by abbreviation 
tlie first disappears entirely or is left represented 
by a sinyle letter. For does not the whole of tbe 
suggested ditticulty here arise out of the survival 
in ibc church designation of tbe letter t or d.^ I 
say in tbe church designation; for whatever doubt 
may exist as to tbe authorship of the tSiixon 
Chronicif, it could have only emanated from an 
eccleftiaaCic, and be would follow, beyond a doubt, 
tho diction used at Rome, and how much that 
differed »>inetime«from the language of the people 
in tbia isliiiid there ure many Papal oontirmatlous 
of ecclesiitBtical beuefuctions to show. 

The Domesday Commissioners, in noting down 
place-names, lieard tliem aUo from tbe mouths of 
Suxon headmen and port-reves, to whone ulteranccs 
at the present day we should prefer in such 
matters to trust. And what bos the great cenaua 
preserved as the then current name of the place i — 
a nauie quite innocent of the obnoxious letter, for 
it gives us simply Lecefelle or Licefelle. 

Upon the whole, the place really would seem to 
have been a place of the dead ; and consequently 
Aahmole's device, engraved upon the silver tankard 
presented by him to' the Municipality of Lichfield, 
is justified by more than popular etymology. Not 
tfatu it Deed be contended that it had anything lo 
do with Diocletian's martyrs. This place of corpses 
stood near important junctions ot military roads, 
where hostile encounters would be very likely ii> 
occur. And, indeed, it was long ago remarked 
that this Stafr<^rd8hire Lichfield was not without 
a parallel elsewhere ; and in the northwestern 
part of Uantb* survives the name Licher&cld, at a 


* Candan, Mutpui BrituHnia, *' Hants. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [ j.k.s7/, 


place 8trategic*Ily not so different, ftltboufrh there 
was GO St. Chiui there nrtern-ards to ripeu the 
battle-field ioto ii diocesnn centre or the Mpalchre 
of the dead into » radgnificeut cathedml, or a field 
of action for the leech of muo's bodj into one for 
the leech of mnn's sou!. T. J, Si. 

There ftre in Curnurvonshiro two adjoining 
parishes bearing the niiuies of Tegat and Llechid, 
who, according to tradition, were brother and 
aistcr. The reseuiblunce of the ktter (o Licti, in 
the old spelh'ng of Lichfield, ia bo striking thai it 
may be worth pointinj; out, though I am unable 
to say what the likelihood is of their being identical 
uu historical or other groundit. J. pAimr. 

" Ad pokteu " (fi»f S. vi. 189, 336).— It is said. 
" I had thoopht that the Avon scarcely touched 
Northamptonshire," It is mther the Avon, or 
Lesser Avon, which rises in north-weat Northamp- 
tonshire, And joins in its course the tributary Lenm, 
the junction of which two streams forms the cele- 
brated Avon. The ler!?er Avon is the one which 
Fuller describes as receiving; the nshes of Wycliffe 
from the Swift, which flows into it. Avon is a 
common river name. Eo. Mahsbalu 

Yoolb-Giiithol: YooLK.GrTnE (6"" S. vii. 6). 
•^YooU-ffirihol was the term of peace and good- 
will our forefathers accorded at Christmoatide to 
the rogues and vagabonds they would visit with 
all the terrors of the l&ivs ab other seasons of the 
year. YooU-ffiUie I take to be the same thing in 
tt contracted form ; the yooU-githe was not a wind 
instrument to be jiotinded, but it was the motive 
of the blasts which ojirae from the four horns 
which were blown at the four bars of York on St 
Thomas's D.iy. Jairiieson {Etymoby^ical Dictionary 
of ilu Scottish ianyrttti/f Ifltip) suggesU thtit 
$irikol may be merely yule girik inverted. He 
has a long article on qiilK gyrih^ giTthol, and one 
of the meanings he ascribes i», "The privilege 
fluted to crimmals during Cbrintmas anilut cer- 
tain other limes." He quotes;— 

"'like LorJ nrnj lino lil< court of law. twelfa mnnctbi 
and one Jay. And cif he halilH liU court in tlnio dorcnded 
wf [prvhibited by] law, thai is to will, frs Vute t/irth. be 
<iried, qubill after the Uw dayai. or within the'iiitie of 
Harvest, or then before (be llirie schii'efl' c^urta or 
lautea ' i Barv*. tU.nrh, c 26). Tbit U exol. in the parallel 
p»MAg<> ^>M(M. JttucK.. c. 1>, 'afiot ttio Kintts peice rub- 
Itcklio prvclaiued-befwe Yule or in Harvcat.' ' 

St. SwiTUiH. 

Oirthol is, I think, n variation ot grith utal ol, 
^rxth raeaning peace or security for a given time. 
ifl distinction from fi-ith, a general pFMce. Of u 
the O.N. word for ale, and (.is our Eoglish <tlt) 
meant a feast. This interpretation is aiipjwrled 
by the teriiii of the prouUnmtmii : " We contmand 
ihat the peace of nur Lord the King be well keeped 
and m-vjntayhed l»y night and by day. Alio that 
all matiner of thieves, &c he wdt^orue lu the 

town, whether they come late or early, at the re- 
verence of the high feast of Yoole till the twelve 
days be passed." These bad chanictere were to 
have the benefit of a Christmas gi-it't, or security, 
for twelve days, i.e., from Christmas Day to the 
eve of the Epiphany. The violation of this truce 
was severely punished by the lord of the domain 
or his representatives, and the right of inflicting 
ft penalty for this offence was oft«n conveyed by 
deed. In a deed of gift from King Edward to 
the church of St. Poier at Westminster (West- 
minster Abbey), after conveying certain lands, be 
adds : " And I give moreover sac and socn, toll 

and team grilhbryce and mundbryce, and &U 

the rights which to me belong" (Thorpe, TJip. Ang, 
ACvi Sax., :W>9). GrithhryM denoted both the 
otfence and the right of enforcing & penalty for it. 

YooU Githe. The latter word is the A.-S. gihthu, 
mind, care, according to Boswortb, but also ob- 
servaocG. It is connected with the O.N. g<rfa, 
observare ; gnstni, observuntia (Haldorsen). J. D. 

Brlaize Square. 

Oatmkai.3 (6"» S. ri. 208. 338).— The intro- 
duction of "witmeal " into the extract from the 
Apopht}ugme8 of ErsxmHs was the act of the 
English translator, N. Tdull. In the original it 
is : ^ Maguificis spebus ud numeo Itbertatis et 
principatus ereclum"; of which the paraphrase is: 
** Beeyng set agog to thinke all the worlde otemele, 
and to imugin the recouering of an high name of 
freedome and of prinnipalitee or soueruintee " 
(Erusm. JpopL, I. iv., Phocion. Alhen., No. 11). 

Ed. Marsh ALU 

Authors or Qcotatioss Wanted (6** 3." 

" What is my offence T '* &e. 
TliMo linei occur in a scene l>«tween Hicbard lU. 
yueen Anna ; nut in Hhak«|i««re. but in the stage 
tiuii. I reutemb(*r Hduiund Keaii piuiin(( tUundei 
applatiie for tlte witlisririt! worn wilb which ba 
iiDuticcd bin wirdfl. 1 bclicVtt the interpolation of' 
Auene is due to Tate. J. CAftUlca Mool 

Tbc ftdoTO u incorrcotly qiint'-d frnm Act lit, 
of Collty Cibbera Hirk'trd HI . altered lr"m S 
«p«Mrtf. and adajited to tbc »taj£«^ ITuil, 4ti>. LkJ/ 

" What ha.Te I done t What horrid crime comiultt 
To wblcb Richard replieS; — 

" To ma tba wont of crimes— oatlir'd my liking.' 


{C". S. V. 3SS, (79 : vii. 58.) 
" Two »ouU with ono thoujtht,'* 2£0. 
AnQortfTitty pallets 1 fiud tho*e Hnei, gleaned from a' 
eutitled. bar i^aku drr WatUii^n: — 

"W.. ■ 


Z«' ■ 
and thai tranvtaled : — 

«-WbatisUv«1 It•lltht^ 

'I'lVO Souli, 4HI« 1 tuiUilit. 

Tno licorlt, ono Throb." 

aVII. Jaii.27.*83.] 



Tl$ CiVi7 War m Ilomvtkin (l**2-45» and tkt .Storv ef 

Dann^ Haitte. Bj the Rer. Q. N. Godwin, ChapUiu 

to the Forcei. (Stock. I 
TUK ttor^ of tbe tig>iC between the king and the T%r- 
limroent is on« of uudyinK inCereit. Almo«t all boyi and 
Cirti are Car&lirrs, and at time goet on, am] their 
-rieira ticcome wider, if tbe; coDtinuc to take interest in 
liiatorr at all, tbe; turn to cbroniclei of that diiturbed 
lime from tliy ineaningleit war* of tlic Midiile Aj^c* and 
tbe coDAtitutional janglinei of the eighteenth ccuCur; 
with a feeling of relief. In the jrrfat itrujrgle between 
Roundhead ajid CaTiUier we can feel bcarUly witli both 
cideA. Both were thoroughly in eanie-t, and, with tririal 
czceptiona, both had the fuUr«t cr>nfidence in tbe 
rigbteoutnete of their cnuee. Sir. Gi>dwin bai conij.iIe«J 
a book which will be of ereat Krrlce to the future 
bUtorian of that period. He bas gone orer a great maas 
of printed material and gleanel from it almoet CTcry- 
Ibini: )ie could find rrUting to Haminbire. The arrange- 
ment might tomctimefl have been clearer, buttbere i^ not 
mai-b fault to find. Anybody who wisbCB Htiouily to 
oae the book will not hare much difficulty in tracing 
the author'! it&temenU to the fountain bead. He has 
done bi« work with^dmirable irnjiartiality. HIi feelinga 
are perl-apt on tbe tide of •* Church and king," but bo 
haa a go'-d word to »y for alino«t erery honeit man who 
wrred on the other ride. Eren Lieut-Geo. Thomas 
Harrijua, whom it ba« become a fafhtan with tboee who 
admire either the do»potiim of Charlea or of Uliver to re- 
vile or sneer at, meet« with praiae. A lermMU ia men( ione<l 
which, had we beta told of it in a leu truvtwortby bouk, 
we iiiielit bare eurmiaed tn hare beeika royaltat latire. 
ita title hegina "Mors Sulphur for Boiinfr," and the 
lexis full; bear out it* violent character. The printed 
■crmnnt of Puritan ministere are ofieti dall. but s«1<lom 
fanatical. This must, one would fear, be a striking 
HtgUirum KpiMtotarum FratnM JohannU Pulkain,ATcki- 

Kue<n>i Vantunrtf.iniM. Edited by Charles Trice 
artin, B.A.. for the Master of the EoUs. Vol. I. 
(Longmans k Co.) 
AACBiiliino)' pKCEDAai's Register is the carlievt nf the 
Caiitethury registers remaining at Lamhrtb. It is pot- 
rihle, however, that a register of earlier dute niiiht be 
Iband at Rome, for we know that I'eckham'spredecesior, 
Archbishop KUwardby, had to his poisesaion, when ho 
died in lulv, some earlier records belonging to bis see, 
which hi' Huccftisor was never able to recurer. There 
are only 5ve dioceneain England which poMess re'^ieters 
of earlier date, via, Lincoln,l'218 ; Yt.rk, lV-'4; Krttl. «nd 
Well-. 1244 : Worcester. 1208 ; and Hereford, IJTS. The 
coltectinn of letters printed in this volume rmnges fnm 
23rd M»v. Iir7y. to Lltth July. 1282. but contains little 
matter o'fhistorical interest to general readers. Thecbief 
]M>inta of importance which are treated of are the 
Archbishop's asiumption of authority over the nival 
chapels, which claimed exemption from episcopal juris- 
dtctton ; his dupute with Thomaa de Cantalupe, Bisbcp 
of Hereford ; and his intercessi'in on behalf of Amaun 
da Montfort^ the captive son of Simon de .Montfort, Karl 
itf Leice»ter. Peckham prevailed on the king, in April. 
12$2. to let liini take Amanri to London from bis prison 
in Kbsrbonie Ca>(le. when he wsa permitted tn leave 
the kiugdura <' n of bis swearing that he 

would never r' : : the king's consent. Anuiuri 

Went to }lomc, renounced his eccleiinttical 

profevatott and b*-o«tnc • aoldier of fortnrve ; bnt,aath« 
dtfvnlcWr tersely lemarks* "be was unlucky, for ho 
diAdaoMi afterwsrdi.^ 

Courtney. (Rlriogtoai.) 
pHiLosoPiiT do«s not p«ritap« aspect tA «in »tn; 
vf^c&ries fn>m the readers of " N. X Q.," yri rxcef'tiOii 
may be made in favour of the two abow-ment*one«l 
books. The flnt beloon to that group of " Pbilisopbtcal 
Claasics " ty tbe aid of which a DO Uti n il ftyi view may b^* 
obtained of the progrese of tbftwght. Mr, Vvitfh'a 
I/amitton i» the last and one of tbe beat of the >aoefc 
fie has confined the hiogrmphinl porti'^n of tk» book 
within the narrowest po«»ible btoits, and baa uaad th« 
space thus obtained to give a clear, ntreful. and r*at«tn- 
ably complete summary »f Hatniltftn* ««-at«Tn. As tbe 
favourite pupil of the late profe«c>r. ' ' . v 

with and strong admimtion f-tr Hi 
self-restraint the mnre rent^rkablc 
how Mill and olbem mi»under*tood ai<d t i 

the language of their great opponent, .^l .« 

best consulted his bero't intercats b; laying suc*-, u'->k >.>u 
his life, but hit philoff"ph;. 

Mr. Courtney's studici are of a more niscelUneoas 
character, but the Rubjcctd of all of Ibem are in the last 
and blghept degree importanr. Nor are s>ich •kolches aa 
tboae of Parmemdcs and Kpicurus without both his- 
torical and antitjuarian interest. Alt these eMays poisMS 
at leait one great attraction : the; are written in a 
sfyle which shows great literary skill, and are clearly 
expressed without any «busea of technical htnguage. 

UHuta on. Aft, By R. 9. TooIc. W. B. Ricbroond. 

E. J. Poyaur, J. T. Micklethw»ile, and W. 3Iorns. 

(MacmilUn & Co.) 
TiiK present generation has more tlian a rational self- 
reliance ; it haf an exclusive confidence in its own tastv 
tind judgment. It refufhrs tn r««pect ancestry or lo rc< 
itard poatcrily, and an on all sideii nineteenth century 
luiproverocnts or restorations pluy iisvoc among the re- 
ot>nls of tbe past. To save the rem^niii^- niunumenta of 
art and hittory tbo Sncioiy for the Protection of Anetent 
Buildings was organisctl, and with the same object tbo 
lectures contained in the vnlunie before us weracolleeted 
and published. It i« not often that a volume of easays 
or lectures on a variety of subject* is put t'»gether, lu 
which each twdc is ifealed by tbe man moat qualified lo 
deal with it auequatcly. No one is inure flttrd to speak 
on Kgyptian monuments than .Mr. PoiJe, on Bngluh 
pariih churches thnn Air, Miiklrthwaite, on the leaser 
arts of life than Mr. Morris. Nor can it b« dlapuied 
that iMr. HichmoDd li an authority on ■ommwiUi 
painting, and Mr. Pnyntcr on ancient deeoratlTe art. 
"X. it Q." should welooiue the Bociety as a fellow 
labourer in tbe same direction aa Itself, though In a 
diffeient field. No readers of " N.& Q" will repent their 
outlay if the; purchase this volume of lecturee on art 

Enayt o>i (owie Aiptfti r.j ffnman jVcirwr^ B; James 

Kerr, M.A. Hecond eiitioti. {l^mtmunt it Co.) 
Mr. Krrr has many of the faculties *''"->' ■'•' »" »"»lr,. « 
popular essayist. Its has power "fc> 
well, and knoW4 bctw to triakf DieMi • 

papcra propo, )i srcIi otiicr. H.* tclcclion of 

subjectewe* '•-r happy, Cfi''""' *t\\l $^*sm 

apfloewwor '.i. k '"!..». bitnaelfroricUtd 

our languaf,v ^ bei l>c«a todafctod 

to some pru v >t. Tliey ara uglf , 

and were ii o ||nf«ti i;.r MmS tMf «•!»' 

tended loc.r ^HlMttUaMMliprCtfltVWfr^ lhaM«M«r 

tij of lft««eclalern4 

■ mam IVssa nnoil^cv 

r 'r tibft «^bu% ^, 



(8*^8. Vir. Jar. 2r,'8S. 

thinsi, others are the malt of foolish pivjadice ; but 
neither one nor the other springfl from the same roots lu 
the Oriental caste feelinBr. The papers on the good and 
evil in human life, thnugh they contain little thac is new, 
are bright and cheerful, with athoroughly healthy tone 
running through them. Those on the cboracteristici of 
genius ure lees happy. 
Studiei of Artaniim. By H. M. Qwatkin. (Deighton, 

Bell Sc Go.) 
Mr. Owatkin has not attempted to write a history of 
Arianism; his object has rather been to trace out arid 
iltuitrate the forces, whether social, political, or intellec- 
tual, which contributed to shape the course of the con* 
troversy. He has thus been compelled to presuppose a 
degree of familiarity with the subject which not many 
readers possess, and bis book thus becomes extremely 
hard reading. At the same time he lias done mo*t ralu* 
able service to any one who is studying the history of 
tiie period. While the hisU^rian must often be cnntented, 
especially when dealing with wide periods, to record 
the Tfl.rious shapes a questinn aseumes, Mr. Gwatkin 
has gone behind the external facts and endeavoured to 
trace out their cause. He has read widely and thought 
independently, and shows throughout a complete mastery 
of the minutest details of the subject. His studies are 
an original and most suRgestiTe contribution to ecclesi- 
astical history, though the circle of his readers is neces- 
sarily limited by tlie manner in which Arianism is dis- 

Wb hftTe receired Part II., Vol. II. of the Transaclt'ons 
of the Gfasgow Archaoloffical Societ}/ iO\%9gow, M^ohe- 
hose). ]t contains ten papers, and we can conscien- 
tiously affirm that every one of them is worth careful 
study. Some of the writers take a wide view of archaeo- 
logical science which is much to be commended. One 
of them traces the history of a plot of ground now within 
the limits of the city from the beginning of tlie last 
century until the present day. The value of land has 
increased as rapidly in Glasgow as in any part of the 
ifiland. In 1754 a small piece of land was sold for 
i)50/. It. Gd. In 1874 the Caledonian Railway Company 
raid for about two-thirds of this the sura of 390,000/. 
Mr. Dalrymple Duncan has contributed an interesting 
paper on the discovery of a large canoe in the Clyde. It 
had been hollowed out of a single log of timber by the 
fagency of fire. Every caro seems to have been taken for 
the preservation of this precious relic, but the timber 
was so decayed that it fell to pieces. Several such dis- 
coveries have been made in recent times, but it is to be 
regretted that in many cases the boats have perished. 
I>r. John Macgown furnishes us with an hccount of the 
discovery of some Celtic graves in Cambrae. The ezceU 
lence of the illustrations of this paper is very noteworthy. 
Trof. John Ferguson has a very useful though some- 
what discursive article on technical receipts, in which 
he gives a careful account of many uncommon books. 
We wonder whether he has ever examined the writings 
of the Jesuit compiler, Caspar Scbott. We imagine that 
more than one of his many books contains matter which 
would be of iotercst to Mr. Ferguson. 

Mn. Jons Battt's paper on The Scope and Charm, of 
Antiiitwvian Siudy (Lcedri. Office of Yorktkire Post)\% 
H privately printed paper from the Antiquarian Muga' 
zine and lUUiogmpfur. It f'lnns a ust-ful and enter- 
taining guide to a beginner in histtmcal res^rches. Such 
n work was, of course, not needed by those who have 
nlready devoted themselves to a study of the past, but 
there an many young persons who are anxious to know 
how to set to work, but who have no living voice at hand 
to instnict them. To taoh Mr. Batiy'i counieli will be 
of lutiog ferrice. 

Wx have received John Bunyem, and Ou Oiptia, and 
Wa* John B%nyan a Oipty 1 two pamphlets by Jamet 
Simson (New York, Miller). Mr. Simson's contention 
is that the immortal author of the PUgrinCt Progrt$» 
WHS a gipsy. We have carefully read his argument, but 
remain unconvinced. There were persons of the name 
of Bonyan at £]6tow,or in the immediate neighbourhood, 
before, so far as we know, a single gipsy had entered 
England. It is, of courae, possible Uiat John Bunyan may 
have been a gip"y in the female line. One of his fore- 
fathers may have married awomanofthat despised race; 
but there is not a scrap of evidence which goes to prove 
this. Materials for a history of the EngUsn ^pslea are 
not forthcoming in sufficient volume to permit as to do 
more than •'peculate regarding their marriages with the 
native stock. 

A UTTIK publication which, while addressed to a small 
circle of rondern, contains matter of universal interest, is 
Ihltif Leavu. the Christmas number of the Si. John's 
Paddington Parish Magazine. It opens with a sermon, 
hitherto unpublished, by Eeble, preached at Coin, Nov. 5, 
182C. It is worth notice that this discourse makes no 
mention of the historical event commemorated on that 
day. And in addition to this there are two unpublished 
letters from Pope, written to Samuel Buckley in June 
and August, 1735. This magazine is of a far higher 
order than most publications of its class, and deserves a 
wide circulation. 

The February number of the Law Magazine and Re* 
view will contain, besides an article by Sir Travera Twiss, 
Q C, on the Freedom of the Navigation of the Sues 
Canal, a memoir of the late editor, Prof. Taawall- 
Langmead, by ^fir. C. H. E. Garmichael, M.A., and a 
memoir of the late Biefat Hon. Sir Joseph Napier, bv 
Mr. J. Lowry Whittle, M.A. 

Mr. E. M. Bovlb, F.S.A., has just printed for prirato 
distribution a limited number of copies of a large sheet, 
" Sixtpr four 'Quartiers * of Major Gerald Edmund Bovle 
and his Brothers and Sisters corrected np to 1882. 

Mr. TnoMAs North's /kits of Btdfordthire will be 
published during the coming spring by Mr. Elliot Stock. 

fiiiXitti ta Carrritfpaiittriittf. 

W* mu$t call ipeeial attention to the following notiet$: 

Ox all commnnicationn must be written the name and 
address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but 
as a guarantee of good faith. 

We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. 

A. J. Pa VIP (" Thouph lo«t to tight to memory dear "). 
—See " N. k Q.," 1" K. iv. 405 ; 3'" H. vi. 129 ; viii. 290 ; 
4»h 8. i. 77. 16J ; vu. 56, 173, 244, 332 ; lii. 156, 217 ; 6"» 
S.x. 106,134,417. 

J. TAVLon.— Yes; it can appear in instalments, A 
short introduction sliduld.bc supplied. 

J. Nicnotsoy ("Tlio Champion of England').— See 
"N. k Q.." 5"' S. v, 501>; vii. 401 ; viii. W, 134 ; x. 280, 

J. n. W.— Consult J/sito/ (Ac r/w^ 


Editorial Communications should be addressed to " The 
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Business Letters to '* The Publisher"— at the Office, 20. 
Wellington Street, Strand. London, W.G. 

We beg leave to state that we deeline to retam com- 
munications which, for any reason, we do not print ; and 
to tUi rule wo can make no exeeptkm. 

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In this, tlip PeflnlliTc Edition, which hu Mta for Mvenil years in prcpamtJan, «very artict» Ijai 1>Mn tubjrrtad lo ■ 
Ihorousb and nilnule revliion. AttlinufiU v«ry conaitleraLtU adilitioB* tiavo bMa m&d?. \t lian boLU founH poisible, by mum of 
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to the *'Corpu» lnacrl;ttionurn Umecarum." Tlie Edlton hata been favoured with tlie cn.o|i«rftlliiii i>f muny srl)ii<lnr«, mon 
parilcularly of Proresicr Obii'lia, of New York ; Profcwor <]oi>Dvri<i, of Cambridge, MaHacliUBflttj : and Pfofcuar Ciut^i&^LBiri. 
of Baltioiore. PmreMorii G4K>iiwi5 and GtLDauii.iaTi have rewrittsa several ImportAnt iriiclci, whlcli tlivlr well-known irrani- 
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A GREEK-ENGLISH LEXICON. By Henry George Liddell, D.D., and Robert 

fiCOTT, V.V. Abridged Edition, cliicfly for the Ua« afScbools. 

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" Here ifl a booh which will make all atadi-'nta of EngU^ti gUd- Ita plan lne1iiilr« exactly tiioiD kinda of Erifctrmalinu wlilcli 
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" I>ecJdedly the heat exIetiRR compendluni of what iiaa bean dstertalnod or cODjectured a« to llie dcrivalhn of lUa moK 
InportCBl Bngliiati word*.*' — New York Nation. 

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aity of Cambridiie. 

"Tlie book is Invaluable to tb&M wbo want to underitand Iheir own IinKaan."— Gra^Aie. 

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ASPECTS of POETRY; being Lectures delivered at Oxford. 

BELL SlIAUiP, LUr., Profeaaor of Puefy, Osford. 

By John Camp- 

*' Wlienevar rr^ifeasor ^lialrp apenki of Scottbb poetry, whenever lie apetkt of Wordiwnrth, mo»t of all,, perliapi , when li« 
rakt of Peott. he allmulatra and refrcahae ai ; be axpreaaee hta own genuine appreciation In language wliich Ih alwaya par* and 
iplc. Rn4 Mioeliniea forcible."— trotnUiuCcr BeHcie. 

Second l-ilitton, royal Bra. etolh, priea 11. lit. Gd. 



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\iNfc£'^ ^.A, l>.So.,, Felluw aiid Lectunr uf lLjji»L'a Cuilcge, Couibiidgt. 

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I'riatcd Vj JOHN C. PRA?<C[F<. Atbroieem Trtea. To»k'a r4url. Cbeneerr Tiaaa. R.C. : and rubliabed by the Hid 


i tH^va •( f itercasaraiotin 

Wh«a fMsd, maka a maM •<.**~Cj.rasv CntLL 

o. 162. 

SiTURDATy Februaey 3. 1883. 

Pm?:s r*cj»^.-i- 


Y QCCmfR',Tbird Ptno, wltk Inio.— J. S. CDAL. 4, iUf- 
rt Ba-ldiBfi. Tcmpk. CC- 


BRO tK b«ts U iBfom llww wbo bs«* tafew ui iMcnM is t£» 
rtnit. tnd «o«M Ti>h te ••« It kdls. ihu tt vUl «alf tiwi-a » 

USTIN SlMPdOK (Ute of Stamford. Lineoln- 

trmet* (ftniMMaM) tna p.tish K«cM«r«, k. t* Uw Mnm^r 
(jat>trf*f.fce..aBdCTt«kn ftSARCMU Utb« bIftMk T ■■ i ■ _m1 
,er Fnbl i« UOoml TWnu Hodknti^— ^UAr^ rr. somad. V. c. 


fATSTl.*-^ a tte t%^iMa- ftjii " E'«-7*xk^&L ~ -: TT ••'•■< t^ 
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XS . . ft. :jk. 1 i« •> iwr • r^L « . l 7^ m.-SMxr*. Z m*. -. 
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*. n* PneaoM iT :W ■-L»«u *5 x. '.f 1:3-— r- ^-T^ »*«■■- I w-- 


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By YIGTOB DURU7, Member of the Institute, ExMlnuter of Public Inatruction, &o. 

TnnalftUd by W. J. CLARKE, Eu]. H. A. 

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By Miss CATHBBINK C, HOPLEV, Aathor of "Aunt Jenny's American l*ets" &c. 
Profusely Uliutrated by A. T. Elwes. 

The author presents the results of widely culleuted and carefully sifted evidence concerning the many still disputed 

aoeatlons connected with snakes. Popular crrora and prejudices are traced to their sources, and the serpent is presented to 
tie reader in a soolosical point of view, divested of prejudice and superstition. Original matter from personal observation 
enters hu-gely Into the work, and the great utility of zoologioal gardens uid museums will be se^n. Many of the illustra- 
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The VOLUME, JULY to DECEMBER, 1882, with the INDEX, 



Cases for Dindmg, price 1«. 3(f. post free. 

JOHN 0. riUNOIS, 80, WdUngfton Strviel, Stnmd, Loadoa, W.a 

ti'i'S. VU.Pui.3, '43] 



toSDos^ SATtrnDAr, fxhruarvh, i«. 

C0NTKST8. — N» 162. 
KOTES :— >'ot« on M«<lwln"« '* CooreruUoDS of Lord Byr^n." 
by sue J. Mftpler fcod TreUwDj-. 61— Oopy of " To* N«w 
ThnelMl " In th« South KaoalnKtoo llDimm, S2— TrftVeU In 
the Uolr L>KOiI. 17S8-l»::i2, ii;t— Ooiulbui Uhrwtei. »4 - 
UiAmpIva of Ancient <.burch ClBt« -i boiler, Ac, 65— Ur. 
j«nn«r'i " BkDnkli B^U ' — The lUttio of Lepainto — Slr 
Thomu More'a US. PUj— Cfttj-Ths History of N«vljta. 
tloo. no. 

<jirERIS.S : — Th« Iloth«il Pa«r*c« — The *' Wentworth 
P»pcra"— Biiphael— "Devool ConlempUtloni "— .r Lsde- 
rete— ■ I. Kelly," S7-<iUmli Cwtle— Twifl«r : N«rpr-- 
"An KiewUnetf i AtUenturM on iho Ice"— H. UotMer — Sir 
II. Rcllntoao — Oeaa Tacker ami Ultbop ttutler— A Ewer, 
IB64— " Hooln Bkjn ' — tVcrw^yi — Soclctf of Coualm — 
JUDci VI.— AbboUi— Henlillc, -i^-R Ho«aitl: H Moo- 
Uftia— Mondy of Markeston— Mcho) uml Rmic Pamllie* — 
Letter of Coamo dl Uedici— N^wcHsLle Paper— lJ>ieric~Tri 
iUtch— " Tbc Antic|uUie9 of Hen^ulAuevm ' — B. IJerbker. bO 
— *'Tbe Butterfly! BaU"— Clove— TloralfloKsoeuter—Koa 
— "PortnUU of Aatlion"— Aathon W»ntod, W. 

BEPLIE9:-Ths FettlTtl of the Popei Chair. OO-Ewly 
Marrlagee, 01— Coombh Mela at AllAbatuul, &2-aclilllflr'i 
" Pe^atnn Im Jonbe "— Eraamu* on Klssltijt— ChattertOD's 
WriUoKs-AncMtrr of LoDglellow, 93 -Lowtlier VatM— J. 
WalnwriRht, ii-l— J. Oara ley— Dean of HaxtioKton— Dvci- 
|)harct to XUe Klog, P^— Snn and Wbaleborr— " Death Tick ** 
—BunyaD— Oliver Cromwell 1»0— Tuesday Untocky— Foin — 
Alkborongh Chnrcb--TraDs planted Teeth— (iarobetta, ('*— 
Bnixellei— n*. Browne— '*Saace for the gooee "— Liird 
rresti^Q— A TLryiuia— Author! Wanled. i>i. 

KOTXS OS BoOKft — "Dlctiontry of ClirUtlan Biography, 
Ltteratare." *c — Denton't " Kecord* of St. Gllci«. t'rlp^ple- 
itate '— Baleman I "Creat Laodownen of i^reat Britain and 
Ireland * — " Cuayi in Phlloaophlcal Crltlcisru/' ^c. 

Kotfoef to CotTe«pottd«ata. 




I have in my posseflsioD & copy of Medvrm's 
'onttrta^iont of Lord Byron, which belonged to 

y father in Cephklonia in 1825, and which, 
Jadgin^ from the marf^nnl not«a in pencil, mast 
lure been peraacd by lieneral Sir C. J. Napier 
aod by TreUwny. Some of these notes are 
cbarscteriatio and interesting. I venture to Bub- 
mit them &« worthy of publication in " N, & Q." 
Ai regards General Napier's writing there is little 
donbt, as his sifrnature is there ; bnt I was not 
quite sare of Trelawny's antil I consulted Mr 
Edgcambe, who kindly looked oTer the book and 
gvre it as his opinion that I was right in my 

Tbe edition of the book is that pabUshed by H. 
Colbum, 1-S24, "a new edition." I hare copied 
th« text for the benefit of those who may be 
nnable to refer to the work itself. On pp. 96, 97, 
Byron lo^ : — 

A circumitance took place in Greece that impreiied 

If lutingly oa my memory. I bad once thought of 

'oundin^ a ula on it; bat the subject la p>o bnrron-ing 

for any nerves— too terrible for any pen! An order 

wuinued at Yanina by its Bang>ainBr7 Rajah, that any 

TurkUli wom^n conrlctid nf incmttinenoa with a Chrtr- 
lian altould be atoned ti death ! Lure i« el<j« at oal- 
cuUting danger*, and drfiii t;n«nti and thoir edicti; 
and many werj the TJctitus to Cite B&vaj:c barbarity of 
this of Alt's. Among othen, a pirl of siitren, of a 
beauty Flic h as tbat country onW [iroluc*;*, Mi undar 
the vigilant eye of the polica. She wa» m'pccted, and 
not witbout rra<on, ofcarrrinf on a secret intrigue witlt 
a Xenpolitan of some rant, whose long auy in tbe city 
could be attributed Vi no other can-e than thii attach- 
ment. Her crime (if crime it be to love ai they lorcd) 
nat too fiilly prored; they were toru frvm each otNer'd 
armf, never t<j meet a^iin; and yet both ni^hthave 
o<ioaped,— she by abjuruu her reliifion, or be by adoiit- 
ing bera. They resolutely refused to become npo6(alrs 
fi am their faith. AH I'a-liu mna uever known tu pardon, 
ii'lie wai atoned by tboie demons, althouttb in rlie fourth 
month of her pref^ancy ! Ue w&a ient to a town whtro 
the plague vos raKinjc, and died happy in not baring 
loDg outlived ibe objuct ul hit aflectioni .' " 

Tbc followiog ia General Napier's note to the 
above, written in pencil on l&e fly-leaf of tbe 
Tolumo : — 

" The real story ia this. AIL Pasbn wanted to leeure 
the r«aidence of Josepli Caretto (a relation of the famod 
Lok Cbiretti, tbe Vondeenn chief) in bia cnpital as an 
engineer— he found out tdat a bcuutiful Turkiab troinan 
who wua mnrrted had urn and fnllen in loro with t1i« 
Ptedmontrse Ciirelto— Im therefore lent & Corfu Jew 
to her who «o wrought upon her that she rpsolred to go 
to Caretto. The Jew (old Caretto tbnt there was a 
bfautiful woman in love vrith bim, and would come to 
hlnk that night. 81ie came, she remained ^ day«, and 
at lu^t to'd bim who rho WJt. C'urelto raw bia danser, 
but it wai too late. After tome time tbe Jew told her 
husband (vtho had been at Constantinople) where ohe 
was— tboy were arrested and separated— ahc was tried — 
no proof existed ai to rrim. con. — tbe Turkiih law de- 
mands three witnesioi of the act The Jiidne tbo' ti 
Turk, tried t** raw bcr— and told her that three wit- 
nessea were reqaired and sbe had only to deny the fact. 
She wai desperately in love with Caretto; ibe thought 
he had been killed at once by Turkiih fury and the law 
twhich is merciless to a Chriatian)— ebe thorsforv re- 
solved to die, and dhtineily atttrttd ber adulterous In- 
tercourse in full court~ahe was remanded to tbc next 
day to try and snve her. Tbe next day she rerHsatcd 
lier avowal, and to fhcvi ber resolve, detailed the fucts — 
»lie waa.'of courje, condemned and executed— a hole was 
dug as deep at lier nabit — she was placed in it— tbu 
troopi took snull stones the riie of walnuts and pelted 
her head— fhe never uttered a ^roan, and only turned 
lier head «ben struck— this continued for a long time, 
when a derviib, octuated by religious zeal against her or 
by an fin(j'-r*/t«7ioiu feeling of compaMioii, look a large 
■tone in both bands and dashed out her brains: and so 
ended this scone of horror a^ far as fthe was concerned 
At to Caretto, AH told the Turkish family to whom tbis 
poor victim of religion belonged that Caretto was neces- 
sary to bis service, and therefore should not be hurt by 
them ; but that if he attempted to go away tbcy might 
kill him— after this he told Caretto lie hud no chkucc 
but to live at Joannina — and inhencvcr Ali »cnt him on 
duty he was always attended by some males- if the poor 
giri's fumity, who always amused bim by accounts of tbe 
tortures tbey would inflict on him if Ali died : and 
Caretto always kept on bii bat to bide bis hair, which bfl 
always kept cut in the Albanian form in order to escape 
in that dress at any moment : he alwayn kept an 
J Ibaniin dress ready in his room, and spoke Romaic per- 
fectly. All (Ail 1 Awtrrf from Ai'm«f/; and an lulisj 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [»»»'8.vii.f«.8/«8. 

bhtckgaard who called himself Captain of Ali'i Cartlry, 
bit name began with a Q, but I cannot remember it — 
this fellow conntanded tht party who exteuted the woman. 
I heard the lame also from Co1ot6 and others at Joan- 
nina. Oiretto is a clever man. He afterwards defended 
Joannina for All and lost his eye— findins his master 
treated him ill, he dropped one night from the walls and 
escaped wounded to the Turics, and at this moment ii, 
I believe, at Preresa, from which place I had a letter 
from him nearly two years ago. 

•' Signed, C. J. Napier, 

" 1825, Ctphalonia." 

la Medwin'd appendix he gires a paper on 
" Lord Byion's reeidence in Greece," which had 
appeared in the Wttimiiitier BevieWf in which the 
writer gare extracts from Byron*B letters, making 
comments thereon. Speaking of the Greek Com- 
mittee, he mentioos that his lordship receiTed 
anpplies as its agent, " an office which he had 
taken upon hinuuSf with great readiness, and eze- 
cated with contidtrahle judgment and ditcrimina- 
iion," General Napier has anderlioed the words 
in italics, and has written in the margin, " Was 
ht an idiot, Mr. Bowring, ikeU thii turprizet youf" 
p. xliii. 

Again, the writer says, " He seems to haye been 
aotoated, in the main, for we mnst not expect 
perfection either in Lord Byron or the Greeks, by 
a steady deeire to benefit a people," &c. Napier 
nnderlines perfection, and writes, p. xlr, "Yes, 
yon may, if compared to the Greek Committee, 
and all things are bnt oomparative in this world." 

And again, the writer says : — 

"The Castle of Laiuuito, wbich commands the gulf of 
that name, was the only fortress occupied by the Turks 
in Western Greece. Its position at the mouth of the 
gulf is one of great importance, and enables it to keep 
up a constant cummuui^tion with Patras ; and while 
this was the case, it was impossible to reduce it in 
the ordinary mode of starration.*'— P. Irii. 

Napier's marginal notes is : — 

" False. — Preresa, Joannina, Cavtle of Bumelia, Arta, 
all then and stiU in possession of Turkey, 1825. Nor is 
^e ignorant and vulgar author of this account a bit 
nearer the mark in his reatont than in his auertions. 
The Cwstle of Iiepanto does not ' command the gulf of 
that name'; its poution is of grc«t importance, but 
does not enisle it to keep up a constant communication 
with Patras, and thereKire there is no reason why* it 
should not be starved in the ' ordinary mode of ttarvation * 
(what the urtraordinary mode of stnrTation iii, I don't 
pretend to know) if by 'ordinary mode ' he means not 
tadng, Lepanto may or may not be starred, according 
to the pro|K)rtion existing t>etween the force attaclinrf 
and the force d^ending." 

Trelawny's cotes are shorter, and several con- 
sist of a simple denial of Medwin's statements. 
One or two may be cited. Oo p. 18 Med win ttives 
a description of the Countess Guicoioli, and the 
following is Trelawny^s remark : — 

" I deny this picture— 'tis no likenew— Ittose ikinoed 
0) her face without ezpreision, iuull hazel e>es -large 
moath— long bodyed [iic] and short limbed— ouane 
balred— in short a dompy woman— tpoke a iroTindal 

language like her brother, and said Faliero the Doge of 
Venice was by far the best of Lord fijron's writings." 

On p. S06, talking of transactions with Murray, 
Byron is supposed to have said (the context ia im- 
material), "Bat I haye altered my mind con- 
siderably upon that subject," &a Trelawsy 
writes : — 

" And on every subject too containe-1 in thii book and 
all others written sbout him — he prattled on accnrding- 
to the Tain [tie] he was in, or, as he said, according to 
the state of nis digestion — or, when he law inquisitire- 
people— in sporting lancuaRc, drauging cover to get 
scent of his opinion and draw him nut— he then broke 
oat, and it would bare puzzled the devil to follow him 
in all Ills shifts and turns — or draw anpr honest conclo- 
sions— he did not prjfoss ' invariable pnnciplcs.' " 

On p. 221, referring to Madame de StacI, Tre- 
lawny says, *' She asked Byron why he sat with 
his eyes half closed — it looked affected. He said, 
' Because yon are pUiced opposite to me."* 

" Polidori, once asked me [Byron] what there was he 
could not do as well as 1 1 I think I named four things : 
that I could swim four miles— write a book, of which 
4,000 copies should be sold in a day— drink four bottles 
of wine— and I forget what the other was, but it is not 
worth mentioning."— P. 201. 

Trelawny supplies it, " kiss four women.'* 
U. Sket MniR, M.D. 

Surgeon Major A.M.D. 
Fort Pitt, Chatham. 

In the Dyce Library, at the South KensingtoD 
Museum, ia n copy of the second edition of The 
New JDuneiad (press mark 7747), with marginal 
notes by a contemporary hand. This vofume 
seems to have escaped general attention, and, in 
fact, for some time past it bos been in the binder's 
hands. These notes generally confirm the expk- 
nations given by Mr. Courtbope in his recent 
volume on Pope, but in one or two instances light 
is thrown on personal allusions in the poem which 
have not hitherto been understood. The following 
is a literal transcript of the annotations which con- 
tain any new or interesting information : — 

212. Disputes of Me or Te, of aut or st. 

Dr. Pouglas was preparing a treatise on this 
subject, but was prevented by his death which 

239. See I still thy own, the heavy Canon* ro'l. 

• Dr. G— g-y of C.C. Ox. 

240. And Metaphyaic smokes involve the Pole.'' 

*• Dr. C— n— b— reof CO. Ox. 
274. Receive, great Kmpress ! thy accomplished son f 

' D-ke of K— ng»t-n or L" M-dl— i 
319. Stol'n from a Duel, follow'd by a Nun.^ 

*■ Mad. de Touche. 
333. Thee too, my Paridel I' she mnrk'd thee there, 

* L' C— rnb— ry. 

338, Hummiua' o'er -heard him; 3tumm:ut, Fool-rc* 
' Sappoa.d to be Dr. Mead. 

e*8.vaFii.3.?3.j NOTES AND QUE: 

tSO. Which ThcoelM^ in rm7«r'i Tiiiss av. jz 'Jzi Eij^LriK l-^-.-: *m r::<*ri I-".- -; 

* L— JShafatary. r - „ i.--' --^ ""^ -^* ^tj •^t'i^.i.t l 

i-jS. So •^ 10 • • ww^' J into ;Le jCTiTe, *-;-\-. ->--.- -^ i=iL-u.-v -- ▼-•• ir' -■*■ 

■ Kent, Bo'.ttfD. "".'_::"'" * '-" * 

SGs^PoorW • • D:ptinr:::T-|^-«def:V>x«s. - v ^'r '^'-' ^ -^?-^-^- .-=^ - 

Whomiietn.wr fcii CL*;:»ai :-. ill 1;=.:. ?:-: r^ i^-;* ^:? '.t^-t* :c u_rrf-r ;ti.-5. lt; 

' n irwiek. .*:t 'r*i -i i 1 — LtC'^tj. T'Iiscl?. ti. ▼ i. _i i_l 

537. Great SLfclei of • • • • • • • .^- - — - t; i—-*-*. Ti** -*«i— -p -.- ;-.- .^ 

■ C— P— '« E— ™— i. P— rk— r. £-=x- ^ -' - :i'.7i —ij!:** fira i; irrV'^il-T^lii. vJ~t; 

* and \ I bare Etver seea these two illT*!:"? :1* : :_* ::' i.* ;*::— tw :':_t mc"-:.:r*^ 7*-.j^ 
explained by any of she c:=:=:*!:"-i::r« c^ ?::•?. :: ij*. i;i -wiM* ziirtr.^r u l f:.:"-i.: -■•k-iz* 
Dr. David Grejforr, D«a of Chrl«::h-r:h, ITx?. ^ »"j_ k---n_ vr^^rtr. =j:*v.t*- u IL- -■-■in- 
died Sept. 16, 1767. He w\% the iv.fc:-r :f t-itj i.--,; riT-:.::.^- : ^-i ■- :t:«-^tiz -.i-in -wti r: 
astronomical and ic^itbeiLi::::'.! t:7je5. .;.i:rt-*. iiiis:;:.:. I^:r; " irw-.-.i vu ::-.+i 
beare, Dean of ChrUtch-jrch 1733. BliLopcf Erj-.:'. .r -.i* I; - t.;.: :.-. S.*:.!^|r.:i ".;ir:i. "wi^n 
1750, died 1755. He wrete ciadt coLtr-.Ttrs i". ' » i_:izi-*r: -s *r?'::'!-i "^ --* — •*— "-'tt t. i l 
and theological works, inV.jiic; .1 L*'.f -.'■•< f p.:z.;«-ts L_:.i *:.--ii:. -j,- yy-t iTc*. vi. -.:i, 
RtxtaUd Rdigion in Anirar io St. Tir^-tj/. wl'.zz. p. i:\-. i:: . .ti* 

went throagfa many e-r.tioLs. Tbe Wn of hi* . X:.* Li* :* u /•:> ili^rti ii !~ '-.•«■ .t*^; 
works In the Brliiah Museato occupies cite p:.jes ^Lv.izf.zz.: :z.* -tii-rs .i :i*_S:;:!i i?-:-,-:- 
of the catalogue. r.:f t arrw T;;i :i:*e r t*- .- •'* _x** s -'r"? = .-t 

* Probably the Duke of Kinsstca, 5« C:::r:- ; a^'C.'-r.i::*. i::* ■;. - . ;. U:-i. -• >. 
hope's note 3 1, vol. it. p S'J 

•^ Madame de la Toucce i ,«._,«_ 

Dake of Kingston. I am noc awire ih^i itt »i8 ,' TSAV£li 15 TH 

ever a nan. Mrs. Delany writes : "Ihear Miilir:* Aiiuzi rr -.tir-tjTx -. 

Latouche has put oat an apo'-gy for llyiz^ ~.'.z ' 7:r:-K\*- f-.v i-* r r. ; :>' 

his Grace, and deciarea that "ivve wis th* pre- '.•->'. z..:zat Z . ..=.:»n:LT« .-Kcrvir^ jtsi- m 

dominant and hercditair pi«sioa of herfL-iv' %r.i:li i.zA, -t r*-:-j^». rrt:*.iifri -.7 - L . i^e 

(I>elany'sii/«an'i/Vi-rMMrt(f-n«.v.-L:i.p. 5:,.. *.'■«■=' ^:-v.^^■- .^i -.l^:.. : :" . t j: 

« This is the only at^pt which I ^:w :; ^^t^2%Z'':l'7:Ji.'^'^':^y^-'^'^^^ 
identify Paridc-1, but it isn:-: *L-.:rt!y s^t:i:%:'.;r7. :w * .,, p_i--: ^t ?'»... :7*l.!.'i •" .'.4 l^-.^ i -z.f* 
Lord Cornbury, son of the iAst £*:! ■:■: Cl-rr-i.-. '.--; -t :zt.u.:'.. :%).* :»;— >"1 ^w :.j.:. -: 
died before hU f.ither, bv a fall fr.::. i.:* h:ri*, :i ='«^J.T ~'\-* .*> • x ; .t..-< f-.n ::;-.> 
1753. He was fond of Lis pictures Lii Lis o:h-r „;" ^ ; ::% ^. ./^f;'^ ^; ^"^^V J*'^!^ 
works of art, bat took no imp-sriaut pr^r. ::: pu-..: p^-j. - : 

affairs. He was on intimate itri:.»*;thP:7^. wl: :;.;7. ;.?-.«: .* 1 Tii V.fci-. 7 -.54 -.-s:'-::. 
mentions him in a flittering maccer, .'?':iri i:L Iv.T. ^-t Tr ivi::. H. 1 .r-..— . ■,-; ti 

1.61:— '*'.—:- ..'^•'^■' ;- , - 

"Diid«n whtUTerComburr d:«:»:-!. • --' '. c4?->.v. -t-j n.i.-^it -t; — . -.-, -» ^ 

I do not understand why should hare <;<:^^n "f. '-^ :■■[.'/. ^j- -.t.' 

of his friend as Puridei, the name of OLe of the ' Iv.r. -'i.-r.: -■i:rjt . I- /.^ :» ".>-.-^ ?t; « '._•-.-.. 
characters in the i'lifry V'^""t ^t^i ^^'^A'-^'-i^-' ^-^ I -v:?. 7.Khi-;.rj: .. :^» .ir-t Tt.-.-.« ; t- * -.»*. 
friend's wife I --'■• ■^-■-"■- "•"-"' ' *'■' -tv.'-i.. •-...-?»- 

' Warton'also names Dr. Mead. Mr. C.::-- ! fl f;*-.^";^=p\^;J " -^---^-^ >-* '-* -* . t-t*-.^. 
hope, with fair show of reason, suggests thit , " •V'::-. olv— f V.-^t. 11. S. . T"-e i;.:* ^*'. ; ?.»:i-l 
Dr. Woodward is alluded to. P.-tM^: . "«'..::.., ;t„ "^1^. - ... 

« Roscoeqaotes \Var:o&s note, in which Lor; " F ^7 -rfwl^n P«^« 
Shaftesbunr is named. The mention of H/ -> -^'-- ^ -''. *T;1' ■^,"." ,,> - ..^. ... . 
CAarocKruiKS makes Che alln-ion obT:ou«. jr irlex " f-li^«' N:i":«:i'>- --*:-'- 

* In later editions the initials are giTtn ':-':-. I' T.iui .'i'nisii. "K".- jr.-^; ;'i^» 

"So K • Eo B • .."■ :-.i. " B«r::n. Pp. -iil. ' ' ' * 

Co«thope name, Keot and Be^W.^ L:ri , •^|„;^'^L^r:;^^W^J.^:!:-^,:^:^^?! 
Berkeley IS more likely to be intended than t::e ::.,:U.ifttih» Ofire. s-.-i'iAsjv.r... i»--» '■ ■'- y^r- I. 
Duke of Bolton. Lord Berkeley died in exile at Account of ikt iirrtjt w(:h"i.::r«rvT ."*- I^'i-'.j 
Aubigne in 173C. The duke was still living when i'a'm t«otiat«d .tit'^.f V.Ti',%z.i r"-'-- j-'m '» *'■. 
the lines were written. ; C«fcwiB«;i anTent On N«*l r^T .»/^ e^ 

■Mr. Coarthope think, that th. Dake of ' '-^^f^Jj;:^,; «-gT ^M« P»^. ' 
Wharton is referred to, bat I believe that the note Crowb, utd W j*Mi.-Cw*fal i»l*x to eoa 
in the Soath Kensington copy is right, and that . Part IL Mftpi. Pl>ni. ind ?^tetion». Fi 
the alloaiOB ia to Lord Warwick, Pope's companion , SiD«> to ooe zDch, wtiin* two-auW «a&« -/ 

';?. ¥:'.'. :*:::t«. -fcu H .M. CT^Ti" f.r 




Unroilei*; also two miles; and (geologically colobntl. 
Mount SerbiJ (hU on icale fix inches^one niil«) ; out- 
line, bill-ibaded, and lectioni. Mount Sinai (all six 
inche£=on6 mile); outline, hill'Shaded, and sectinni. 
Part ill. Pboto^phic Views (in three toU). Vol. I. 
Suei to Mount Suiai (Jebel Mi^rd). Sixty plates, mitny 
line. Vol. 11. Wady Feiran and Mount Strbiil. Sixty 
plates. Vol. III. Sinutio and Egyptian Inscriptions 

186lt. Birdwood (Sir Georpe C. M., C.S.I., M.D.V On 
the Qenus JBotveltia [an historical mnnot;rftph. 22 pp.. 
folio^ on the frankincense tree], with Defcriutions nnd 
ffour folio plates, including] Figures of Three New 
Species.— In Linnieftn Tratuucliont, xxvii. p. ',i. 

1869. Palestine £xpIoration Fund, Quarterly State- 
ment. 8to. First series, 1 toI. New series, 187'2. 

1869. Freshfielii (Douglas W.). Travels in the Central 
Ciucasus and Uaiban, incluiling Visits to Ararat and 
Tabrecx, and Ascents of KHEbek and Elbruz. 8vo. 
pp. 609. Map of Central Caucaftus [fn>m Xakra Pass to 
Balta]. Four full-page illustrations, and many others. 
(LflDgmang.)— Author visited the Uauntn and Lejah. 

1869. T. zer (Rer. H. F.}. Researches in the Uigh- 
Itinds of Turkey, with Visits to Mounts Ids. Atbos, 
Olympus, and Pelion. Illustrations. 2 Toh. (Murray.) 

1S69. Ijenormant (Pran^oi'"). Manuel d'llistoire 
Ancienne do I'Orient juiau'aux Guerrcs Mcdiqucs. 
Fourth edition. 3 vols. l:^uio., ar.d Atlus imp. 4to. 

1869. Lenormant (F.) and Chevallier (E.). A Manual 
of the Ancient History of tho East. 2 vols, crown Svo. 

1869. DtU HuRsell (W, H.). 

18C9. Russell (\y. H.). A Di:iry in the E^rt [Egypt. 
Palestine, Con.stantinople, the Crimea, and Cbritith] 
daring the Tour of the Prince and Princeu of Wuleit 
[Xovember, ISCS-O]. Plates olimred, mnps, and wood- 
cuts. Svo. Pp. 050. Second •edition. (G. Routledge.) 
See 1863. ^ 

1869. Tobler (Titus). Palaestinas Oescriptiones ex 
SseculisIV.. V..etVI. (St. Gallen.) 8vo. 

1870. The Jin's (January). Notes on the Binls of 
the Peninsula of Sinai. 'I!y C. W. W^att, late of the 
Sinai Surveying Expedition. 

1870. Martiucau (Harriet). Traditions of Palestine. 

1871. Warren (C.) and Wilson (C. W., now Sir Charles). 
Underground Jerus'ilem. 8va. London. 

1871. Beamont (William, E«q.). To Sinai and Syene 
and Back in lSoO-1. SfCo^d edition. Imp. 8vo. (Smith, 
Elder k Co.) 

1871. Lays cf the Holy Land from Ancient and 
Modem Poets. Willi illustrations from original j-hoto- 
grapha and drawings of Wolf, Tcnniel. Millais. Birket 
Foster, and otherci, engraved by Dalziel Bros., Evans, 
and others. Square Svo. 

1871. Beke (Charli- T.. Ph P.). The Idol in Hor«b: 
Evidence that the fioMtn Image nt Mount Sinai was a 
Gone and not a Calf. Svo. London. 

1S71. Vogiie (C. J. Mclchior, Count dc). Voyage 
d*Exploration a la Mer Mnrte. A Petra, et sur la Rive 
Oauche JuJourdain. 4 vols. 4to. Paris.— N.B. Vol. IV., 
Atlas, contains many fine photos photngiaved, and 6ne 
geological mnps, coloured. 

1871. Palmer (E. H.). The Desert of (he Exodus: 
Journeys on Foot in the WiJdemrsa of the Forty Yetrs' 
WHnderiogs. PuUitine Exidoration Fund. (Bell k 

1872, Barrows (E. P.). Biblical Geography Antiquities. 
App^ix bv Tristram. (H«l gious Tract Society.) 8vo, 

1872. QUI (J.). KoticHof the Jews and their CoontiT 
bj th« Clanic Writen of Antiiiuity. 8vo. 

1872. Mariette Bey (August. Ford. Fran?.). Jlonn- 
ments* divers Recaeillis on l^Vyp^e et O" Nubie, &e. Parii. 

j872. Mhriette Bty (August. Ketd. Fntn^). Iticcraire 

de ta llaute-^gypte Monuments entre le C<.ire et 

la Premiere Cutaracte. 8vo. pp. 230. With plans and 
glosMrial index. Alexandrie. 

1S72. Clemens (S. L., ".Maik Twain"). The Xeir 
Pilgrim's Progress. 8to. Loudin. (G, Routledge.V 

1873. Albouy (AugufitJi)* Eequisfe sur Jerusalem et 
la Terre Sainte. li'mo. 

1873. (Catafago). Arabic-English and Engli«h-Aiab;c- 
Diclionary. New edition. Svo. A portublo volume. 

1873. J'enner (TIionta!>). That G>-iidly .MountalUi an^ 
Lehartm. Illustiated. 8vo. (llatuiUun k Co.) 

1873. Sepp (Dr. Juhann Nepomuk), Jerusalem und 
das lleilige Land. 2 band Svo. (tjchaflhausen.) Band I.^. 
pp.923; il., pp. iflii.— Full of illu><trationi>, apparently 
from photographs. With maj) from Beirut tu Beersheba. 

1873. Dc ScIierzcr(Char]ts^ La Province de Smyme- 
conaiderce au Point de vue Geographiuur, Kconomique 

et Jntellectuel Traduit de rAllemand iior Ferd. Silas. 

258 pp. 8vo. (A. Holder, Vieniie.) Witli map (L'Asie 
Mineure Anterieurt), thowing railway from Cassaba by 
Magnesia, Suiyri.a, uud Ephcsus to Atdin.— A report of 
twenty-four chapters, including accounts of the agricul- 
ture, popuUtinn, commerce, and products of the animal,, 
vegetable, and miueral kingdoms; exports, imports, and 

1873. Chamarovzow (L. A.). Six Ytars in Europe: 
Sequel to Thirty Years in the Harem. The Autobio- 
graphical Xotes of MeltkHanum. Wife of H. H. 
Kibuz'i-Mehemet Puha. Kdited by L. A. C. 8ro. 

1873. Zincke (Rev. F. B., Chaplain to the Qaeenk 
Egypt of the Tharaohs Mnd of the Kedive. Pp. Mo. 
8vo. Second Edition. With index, as well as map by 
W. k A. K. Johnston up to the Firot Cataract, (Smiths 
Elder k Co.) 

1874-7. Luynes (The Due de). Voyage d'Explor^ioD 
K la Mer Morte, A Petra, et sur la Rive Gauche du Jour- 
dain. Edited by Count M. de Vogue. 3 vols, text, 1 of 
plates. Paris. 4 to. 

1874. CasitWt UilU Educitttir : contains Papen on- 
"BiMe Plants," by W. Carruthers, F.R.S.; ai.d "BibI* 
Perfumes," with (vol. i. p. Si:,2) sketch-mop — from 
Soumali country in Africa, Aden, Oman^ to Bombay^- 
of the geographical distribution of the Boswellia (frank* 
incense plant), b; Sir George Birdwootl, C.S.I. 4to. 

1874. Goldsmid (Sir Frederick, C.B.). Te'egraph and 
Travel: a Narrative of the Formution nnd I)ev>-lopment 
of Telegraphic Communication betwern England ud 
India, with Notices of the Countries Traversed bytht- 
Lines. Svo. Maps, numerous illustrdtion?. 

1874 (?). Fromentin. Arub Coatume, Portraits, Habits, 
Horses, &c. Twenty autotype plates of original dfiw- 
ingn. Folio. 

1874. Caignart de Saulcy (Louis F. Jos.). Kumis* 
matique de lu Terre Sainle, L)eBcri]tti<in deii Motinww 
Autonomes et Impirialcs de In t'nhstine etd«rAxmb» 
Pctrec. Twenty-five plates. PKris. 4tf». 

1874. Tiihler (Titup). Descriptioncs Terrw Sanctssta 
SsecuJisVIII., IX,. XII., et XV. Leipzig. 8vo.pi).6». 

1876. A Fortnigh t's Tour amongst the Arabs on .uoost 
Lebanon. By C. 0. ]2mo. I^ndon. 

1878 (?). iJJe Finn (J.), and see 1868. 

WiLLiAU H. Seweiu 
Yaxley Vicarage, Suffolk. 

{To be contiauetL) 

Omnibus Librarirs.— In Mr. E.L. BbnebftrdV 
always iotcreatiog columa ** London AmoMDMAlii' 


viLrE».s, w.] 




b '.y tad a eoeolidisf 

Da. s3j »«iu« to me U> W 

worthy vl iitiitivAiiua m "N. k Q.': — 

** Jixaonc liic ini.ny trchiCectanl ehaaeea dftilj dter- 
iiig Iha M;4ct of tlie metropolk naat te praauMotf; 
noticed the elTcTt of tfao recent deualifcioa ttf * blosk of 
boilJli ji o.^ei .ling aiong lb«soatbera n4e of CotcjOt; 
fitrr Haytnarkflt. At tbo corocr ne^mt to 

Ltl: - -^ OMd to be AA ancient bcwte-rr kiMnni 

u 'ill? ni.jcv Flar*^,' from wfaicb deputed l^e 
omntbtuci to CLc1k» and Haonocnnitb. It ■ veil 
witbm tl>e retcU«ctioa of the pratant writer that the 
fu-M to tl)»e lubnrbA vrcrt, flftj yeai* a^, one ihilUnf 
and half-a-crown. Tbpy are now tbnepcneo and fii- 

fenre. In Clond'* I?amiDf rftnUh omaibusea at late ai 
h3^2 there wai a Itbrmry of odd Tolonwi provided for 
tbe aiuuscuiciit v{ tbe paiaengers on tbair jonrnvy. and 
it wmi io thus besuilinj; tbs timt on the lose joltinc nde 
between tbe CoTcutry Street corner sad Fkiriawa IIouh, 
Baanmerimith, that a cert^n Tooth whoaball be aamft' 
lea* first deToured tWa pagce of OH Blai^ Ttrm JontM, and 
Penyitpt rifJLU. When tbeee booln were dear and Dot 
•uU; acceeiible, an omnibm formed* of conn*, a eon* 
venient circulating libniy for man/ who had tbe 
falnteft exctiM for calling on anjbodj when the tebicle 
reached itj deetioattoo ; bot, unrortunatefy for the 
faith of Che proprieton in haman booMtr, the liUle 
bookcaee they had w liberally furuifhed oo the Monday 
af^moon ww npM(ed]y found to hftve Tieul ahehei 
OB the saooecdiar Batordaj niitbt. and arcerdiBgly. io 
18S3, the local resident* were informtd that tbe onaibvl 
libran woald be diacontlnued, and that ita plaoe wo«ld 
ho adranti^eooily atiliied u & teat for an extr* pM- 
eenger who did not mind Fitting with bli back to the 

The omnibus, in those days of long joarnoyi, may 
be ooneidercd to hare been ^litemllj) a gwd Tehide 
for Iho dis^cmiaatioD of literatare ; and it is a pity 
that Mr, Cloud's phibnlhropic scheme ibould h*ye 
been nbused. It is u subject that might haTe been 
fttferred to by Lamftn Bh&nchard u editor (1S42} 
of George CraUuhank's Omnibm, with ito motto 
"De OfflQLbiu rebus et quibuadam aliis.'' 


ExAMrLEs or Asciaxx Chcrcb Plate.— The 
direct deetruction of old church pUte under the 
Tudon was fo great thnt, though important parish 
as twenty chalice% and small vtllag« chorcha in- 
ru-iubly two or three, it is extremely donbtfal 
whether a total of fifty pre- Reformation chalic« 
exists at the present time throughout the whole 
ot Eoghind and Wale^. Having myself personally 
inspected more than three lhons:ind churches, and 
always made inquiries for ancient pUte, I have 
found but little. Eren tbe ''oommuoion-cups" 
of the Kliz.sbethnn er.i, hideous enough in them- 
•etre?, are fast diaftppearing. I therefore send 
you a list of old pre-R«formatioo examples, in 
the hope that olberv may add to it. 

K The chalice and fxiten of Trinity CoUefEe, Ox- 
ford — fonueily beluoging to St. Aiban's Abbey — 

BW by Sit 

(otd, ciren by IWiinp F«m, 

9L The ebaUee cT Owpn ChsM Orihgw, Ox- 

3. T^e ' 

4. TWcfca£eti 
of XeUlea 

5. Hm c^bBMi 
ChuRdi tt Oocnwy. 

ft. The dnlioe beto s g ^ 
Coocobe PyM ia 

7. Tbe ckalioe bclo«giB| 

& AdMUeeiatbe 
Phippe, cone tine tti IHnam, 

9. A sbgU tilTer altar «raa| (or 
in^; in the chapel ot St. ApoBint in 

10. A pftir of silrer allar 
Kensington Mosesxn. 

11. A siWer pal«a At OmI WattkM 

12. A aUTer paten in tb« <kmtk 

13. A siJTcr poteo a! Wiahacr ta 
l-L A iilT^-gih paten ananiftM al CWitt 

Hooe in KraL 
15. A siirer-gih paCca at Wymeodhaa in Rigr- 

le. A tDTer patea at Bfancaster in KorfotL 
17. A nlrer-giU paten at SberabocM, K^Mk, 
la An old sacring bcfl «r wtixtd miM PmUT 

silrer, al Addington, Boeksu 
19. Two sUrei cfaaUoea at B.K. CoHcgv, Oxford. 
SO. Acanopybdinf aaTcriamyovnpcMMaMa* 
31. A sllrer ^alioe, cs'roa ISOO. Vflflfigmg W 

the choich of I^tUe FatiagdoD, Bnin. 

FntnxaicK Gkobgk Lxft 
AH Saints*. Lambeth 

Cbollkr: Chullmi*: Chuli,. — In that tx 
oellently edited book the Oatkoiitam An^ieum^ 
p. 64, occur* the word "^CkoUa- {CkiiUMtt, A.), 
questor." Tbe editor's note (?iTe*i «a tbe raeaaiw 
" a beggar* and refer* to pt 275, *' Pardoner," wUa 
is also rendered *' quertor." The editor aajra ba 
" knows of only one inetAnce of the word, lii. is 
an unpublished trjcl ofWycUf ia a MS. of Trinity 
College, Dublin, where be speaks of 'freria and 
chuUeri*/" There ii bo reference to " Cu/ywr, 
collector'* (p. B&\ though the editor evidently 
thinks they are the same, as he refers " chollcr " Io 
" cneilleor." An additional note apoendad to tha 
Introduction (p. xxxt.) compares Aiainaon, Clewi- 
land Glou., "OhJ, to scrape or nke togetbtfr." 
Not much help is to be (fot from other dictionanen 
or glowaries bo far aa I know. Stratmann^ •,*; 
" Chullen," gires "agere, pdlere (I) " and two qro- 
Utions borrowed from HAlIiwell. In HaUiwaQ 
we find " r-fcu/fm, to bandy aboot,''aDd bia <\ 
lions are: — 




[6«)i8.YII. Ft&3,*8aL 

** ^'Ve hafB bwn chased to days ftnd ift^kdf u Larea,'* 
i/orfr li'Atihutt, MS. Lincoln (foe lliii 
Bimtmann gUn liae 1444]- 
** TUo world malciii a m^n io ryie and TullA 
And cA»7f«f hj'in u men don & bnlle, 
That ig cutea fro hande to ti«ai]«." MS. 

There is a. good passage illustrntive of the word 
<lhe verb, not thesiibataDtive) in WycUfB Hermons, 
Sthct Engiish Worki, vol ii. p. 279» He ia speak- 
ing of the w.iy in which the freedom which Christ 
gate ia spoiled by the ceremoniea brought m by 
the Pope. The church is "thralled," ceremoniea 
hinder ("tarien") men on their way to henven ; 
the Pope's lordahip is the root of this thraJdcmi :— 
*' So ttiat CrtBt«D9 men maj teje, h Ihe pr^et« icith In 
nroTflrtw, the froggc wide tu the harw^, emiU be la man j 
Jotdta. Now Cri4tetio men ben chulliii, now wiili popifl. 
■nd noir with bi^bopia, noTr vritli c&rdinaliA of pi^pls, now 
with prelfttia under biBbcipii; an J riow ihei clout*n tlicr 
•hode TTitb ccnsurii, a^ v.ha shulilB cAu/Ze; & fihot-bulU. 
But rcrliji Baptist wea not worttii to 1 jOfe the tbwontf of 
Crutii ihoo ; &nd moTO, Anticrut li&tb no power to Ictte 
the fredDin tbat Ciijt liatU hnpugbt. Crist g^f tbts 
fredom to men la come li^btLl to blia of bovrne, but 
Anticriit vhuUi^h men, to ;eUe hem (o ^jtd hjm 


Ia the glosaoTT at the end of vol. Hi., we Bad 
*' ChvlUj to sole, OF patch (?)" with a reference to 
thiA puAs^e ; but it ia plain that the editof hoi 
miiunderatood the pas^i^e, for '*chu1)e" ia not 
tied us a aynonym far '* ctouteti/' but refere rnLher 
io the urBvious expressions, "ihrallid/* "taricn.^ 
Probably the pudcLuation i^ wrong, nod the worda 
**aDd now tbei donten ther shone with ccnauria" 
should be a pareDtheaifi. The jueaning sesma to 
be they trouble, teas^, bother, batter about tden 
(lu a foot-ball ia knocked, tossed, or kicked to ond 
fro) till the men anbtyit to giTc moDey, If (bia 
use of the verb ia thns a infttLphor from foot-ball 
transferred to the church brgi^ara, as islikoly, then 
the aubstantiTe may well \k a term of 'WicllRiie 
origin, and Ihe earlier date of this sermon cona- 
pared with the later date of the iViJioHctm Augli- 
ci^m, and the quoted pnssnpe froni the 'Sinpub- 
liahed tract of Wiclif io jSIS., Trinity College, 
DubHii^ () a later work of a Widifl^te nttdhuted 
to Wiclifj if Mr. Miktthew, E. E. Text Soc, is ripht 
io not printing it) support this. I should even be 
iodioed to see ia the spelling ''choTIer " a further 
attempt to answer the nickQame "loller" This 
no doubt mores awny a little from Mr, HerrLige'a 
suggestion ** probably from French CMtiUeur'*] on 
the other handf he might, perh^pn, compare 
"«th the! ben ai\jl\d pens of poro men," since 
they ore pence " collected'^ from pnnr men, Widif 
CE. E. T. Soc,), p. 433. 0. W, Tawcock. 

Dr. JtvuEK'a " Hannah Ball."— in that 
pOrtioD of Jeaffreflon^a amuaiog Boak about Boclon 
wfaioh relates to Dr. Jesoer it is stated that the 
doctot was "rery fond of Bcribbling, eutrettU 
ealainOf lacb renea ae these," aa example called 

Hannah Ball, a Song, being given with the pro- 
viso that the editor helievea it has '^nerer before 
been publiahed." The verses, aitch as they are, 
were printed in TJit Gentlemari's J'ochi Magnzinff 
KubiDa, 18S7»p. 1€3, with the faendlDg:— "Hannah 
Ball. Supposed to have been written by Dr< 
Jeaner about the close of the hwt century," They 
consist of fourteen quatrains, into each of which u 
different Rionogylluble to rhyme with *'Ball" U 
introduced. The Arrangement of words la not 
identical with that given by Mr. JeaffreaoD, but 
they are not worth reproducing here for compari-' 
son, ns I think many renders would be inclined Io 
agree ^in the sense of criticiil condemnation only) 
with a verdict wriUeo in faded iok at the foot of 
ray copy — "dtxm'd soft t " This small and little- 
known tuagn^ine contains, I nmy remark en 
piJtmHt, some of the very best of George Cruik- 
gfaank'a coloured character sketches, namely, the 
purbh beadi?, aia^e coachman, dustman, chimney 
sweeper, hackney coachman, waterman, bricklayer's 
labourer, brewer's dniyman, butcher'a boy, watch- 
man, and footmnn. ^lfrbd Wallis, 

Trk Battle of Lefa^sto.— In an edition of 
the IititiiutionttJurii Cii'to, printed in 1552, 1 6Dd 
on the fiy-teaf — in an apparently con tern pomneooa 
handwriting— the following; "Ottobre, 1571..,..* 
iluiina hcbbe vittoria della (flotta d^)! gran Tnrco 
appresao h Lepato di etlocoD pdiU\ dt cento ot- 
taDtootto......gii]eretraiiitegrcetfi^u;asanie." Ihare 

not elsewhere met with ao detailed a statement of 
tbe Turkish ksa in the celebrated Ught^ at LepanCo, 
and you luay perhaps think it worth insertion. 

Alsx. Nesbitt. 

Sir Thomas 5Iork*h MS. Pr.AT.— Dr. Ingleby, 

in tbe aecond part of The Mnn and the B&tik, 
tSSl, p. ion, s:iyB of the MS. play of Sir Thomas 
More, ttmp. Elizabeth, that it is the "only one 
extant druina of the ptriod which abows the whole 
process of ciisliog, recastipg, censure, nllenitioD, 
substitution," £:c. Dr, Ingleby then expreaaM a 
hope that ^^ It will tiot be long before it ii re- 
produced in autotype." Will not some Rood 
creature enable that hope to be renliEedT Other 
students to whom, like myself, such an autotype 
would be n ^eiLt treasure, would no doubt be happy 
to subscribe. The original MS. is in the Britiab 
Museum, MS. Hurl. 7368. 


Cats, — " I have dreamt of cats every night siaoe 
r have been here, which ts, I believe, a 'sign' that 
r bare nn enemy.^ The above occurs in the letter 
of a cbanning young Scotch friend, to whom no* 
body could be nn enemy, ^s a bit of folk-Ion 
that I have never met with before I send it to 
"N.&Q,* R H. BPBt 

Tjir Histort op NATj&ATr&ir.^It ia ioUodei 
to hold here dunog tbe preaent y««r ■ louk edhi^ 

to xat uia: u 

I sixL-i '^ r--»-- - 

wT^i ;>oa»'. u=t:. 

sl-ps 17 r •:!;■ :••■- 

f^ iyr :.:: r-.^-- 

cf r.'-T rLi ■'- «: . 

t: in; -_.:.-. -c- .r : 

in-.tres: : : • :•' ■ : 

Frt* r-i. .: :•:•-.- 

Thi I;7Tr--f •L":_-L — "a - -- 

f{ IL* CT.wi. ■ •.•:*-- -. . !•?«■■ •• :-■-.?-- - . 
bv wr," '.•' FrtL!! ■:.■ . . •" .... •■ • .-- " ' . 

af:tr lit T:,-.-: : ' . .'...- - ... - , _ . . 

that :b* rrw.i. -i ' ■;■:.:. v— ^ .■ _ - 

term'j3fc:t«i t.-.l ■.:■; "'..-: 

bar >ij T l-T Tr.: :'•■■-■_ L. l r^ . -. ^ - .,. .- _ _ 

of at ifcij t.ui* .: ^. — •_ : ; «■ .-: .. .-■ " . 

lertn* :,f :o:l .b^-: -.T': -. -^ - _ . ""7 - . '_ 

lessana-uiii-.-rrf .L-- ■»!• T— • ■.<• .> .. ^ .' "* J" ;.." " " 

prefaoet5:b4i»*T t. ■: •■' :. .' • -1 ■: . ' ■ - - "4. t 

tyydj of ihx' io.iii': ».'i: I •-." : — ■ . • -■- -■. ' _ _, " , 

tbink I kiTt •«*:. :. ••— - -C- i - -r -^- .' . , - -- ■ . . ~. - 

an a mitwr s*»^ j" -.r:.:^!- :- -i-- :• l :_*^ " ''* _." .. . _'_ ~ ^'~ ' ._ ." 

tba: tee Utj»^. .- .-*-.(-'..' =^-;:—l : : -- " - Jl ■ 'IV- • ' 

8UC3e«<ied h^r'.i w: :.: 1 ■-_ 2.-. i-v:. .: ; ' '' '" " ." ■ 1 

tith, WIS D/i & >r*r?*- 7 .Lijr-:«tii^ -.v rL-i>- _ _.^' -_ * , _.. '^. "L_" ~ 

one by wri: of fr:'r-_:i* :: -.1^ v. r _•:..::. -i ' " - " '. ." '_ . T. ': " 

George I. Tri:it Mr. F.-:*-t -..TmI." .l-- ■:- ' ''- - "".".'_ "' ".' ,"' ^^ 

thereby becac^e a p**re^? ?* >:•: . <•: .r :•;■ ■•- - ' " " ~,.' .. - — - * ' - 

yond doub: by Li« »ii!Lj t'l*:, .- ::'i;«*. ti*"- .t - , - - • - - • -~ - - .*"-" 

the Ea^lUh do^trice of ::.* :ii**t..*.:. 'j ~ .;. .. 7' """" - " ir*. "' *' z"'—' 

peerage not obuia-n^ fa Si>:".i5z, :&• ;:* : ■ -^ r " 2,"^g-.--~ ■ '■'" ~ 

not properly irans'ui: ta the ce^stsiim* :*' l* ' " " -*. -— 

lady in queation, who nBrer:h*'««« wrt-.r"'- r "I Sci'T ' — T « ' •; Z " =- - * ■ -■- 

asaamedit. Cunanyof yo-jrreft-3frr<,TL'-r*> :-*i .z :':•» j:-n.a.«r tf •^'■- *- *"t^-:" - 

in this especial department th:ui nsj^elf. :"-::t ?--=4:4r:> n-hcp ^ ic uir'--:=C ' - 

farther ligbt oa this subject I I*>y;:u::'.s. '-^•cf. W's^jcctJ « '-i-^ j .^- ▼:. 



[6>k8. VIl.FSB.a^'SK. 

boats arrired or departed, and at all kinds of times 
and places. I have mode many inquiries as to the 
meaniBg of the ejaculation, but have not succeeded 
in eliciting any satisfactory replies. Will the 
readers of *' N. & Q." take pity upon mel 

Wilfred Harqrave. 
14, Holford Square. W.C. 

Olahis Castle. — There has lately been written 
by Mrs. Oliphant in one of the serials an article 
which professes to explain the true history of the 
secret room in Olaraia Castle. Will any one 
favonr me by a reference / £d. Marshall. 

TwiFLSS : Nappt.— What are the derivations 
of these two words ? The former is used to mean 
a small plate, and the latter a baking-dish. They 
are both used in the china-ware trade. 

(Jr. Fisher. 


— Where is this reading by Charles Austin Collins 
to bo found 1 I believe that the piece is frequently 
tecited by Mr. Brandram. E. W. H. 

Henrt Hollier.— Can any reader of *' N. & Q." 
give me information about Henry Hollier, Vicar 

■of Aston, near Birminf^ham, from 1696 to 1716 ? 
Dogdale, in his A ntiquititt of Warwickshire 

'(Thomas's edition >, says tiis successor was " Josios 
Foster, CL, A. M., V., Oct^ 1716, v. p. cess: H. 
Hollier." I presume "▼. p. cess:" means "va- 
cante per ceasionem," for I have private autho- 
rity that Hollier was a nonjuror, and resigned bis 
livinff. What I want is his place of death or 

burial, or any other information that can he got. 


Sir Hugh Eolintouk.— Is there any trace of 
this well-known Scottish poet having had a daugh- 
ter Margaret who died young ? It. 

Deak TacKER AVD Bishop Bctler. — In what 
part of the voluminous works of Dean Josiah 
Tucker is to be found the account of Bishop 
Butler's conversation with him at night in the 
palace garden at Bristol on the possible insanity 
of whole oommunibiefl and public bodies as well as 
of individuals 1 Dean Hook quotes it in his Eccle- 
$ia$tical Biography^ vol. iii. p. 353, as an "anec- 
dote related by Dean Tucker," but gives no exact 
reference. R. M— m. 

A Ewer, 1653— I have a ewer, silver gilt, on the 
front of which are the arms of tlie kingdom of 
Bohemia with the date July 28, 1658. At the 
back are the arms of a member of the Trantman- 
dorf family with date simply of 1684. It was 
probably given by a king of Bohemia to a member 
of that family, or vice vergd. Can you tell me of 
any event connected with those persons at those 
iatei which might afford a clue to its history ? 

M. W. 

Buried in a " ooole bktk."— The followinfc 
account (in part) of the embalming of the body of 
King Henry I., I have copied from Higden's 
Polychronicont printed by Caxton in 1482 : — 

" Also the kinge's baweU were drawe onto of his bodye, 
and his bruyne taken oute of hia hede, and the body 
salted with moch talt, and for to aroide the Btencue 
that hn'i mfectc many men it waiat last cIosedinaAoo^ 
$lyn, and yet niyghle not the noyful odoor be lette." 

Will any reader of " N. & Q." inform me in what 
shyn the body was probably enclosed i 

C. h. PRiyCB. 

Caterwats.— Whilst lately walking with a 
friend in Kent we lost our way, and were told to 
cross a field caUrwatji in order to gain the main 
road. What is the derivation and meaning of this 
word ? H. Lambert. 

The Soc[ett of Consiss. — What were the 
nature and object of this society? I have an 
engraving, dated 1776, inscribed: "To the Im- 
perial Sir, Officers, &c., of the Friendly Society of 
Cousins, These Arms are most humbly Dedicated 
by their Obedt. and very humble Servant, Cousin 
Oliphant." Grorqe Ellis. 

St. Johu'fl Wood. 

Was James VI. really Qoben Mary's Sok? 
— This startling question has been raised by one 
or two students of Scottish history, especially by 
the late Bishop Kyle, who was well known for his 
historical knowledge and collections of documents 
of that period. It is said that Cecil was sent to 
Scothind and there contrived the murder of Mary's 
son and the substitution of a child of the same age, 
and that a small coffin was discovered, with the 
letters "J. R." on it, near Queen Mary's room. 
I shall be glad of any further information. 


Abbotts.— Can you exploin wliy ahboitt is 
sometimes used for ahhot in coses of churches or 
parishes t Kensington was attached to the abbey 
of Abingdon, hence the " Manor of Abbots " and 
the church of St. Mary Abbots, Kensington ; bat 
the vestry and other parochial boards use ahbatU 
to this day. When did this spelling commencOi 
and why] A. 0. K. 

Heraldic. — Can any of your readers tell mo 
to what families the following coats of arms 
belong 1 On a stono in co. Donegal : A wall with 
an arch in the centre, and three towers, each 
having three turrets on top. Cre^t, a lion ram- 
pant. Motto, » Virtute et labore." 

Per pale nz. and ..., three cinqnefoil^, two in chief 
and one in base. Crest, a winged cinquefoU. 
Does it belong to Greuber? Does it belong 
to any of the French families settled in Ireland 
on the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes ? Borke 
gives few of these French families in hit .Armory. 


8I» 8. VII. tta. i, -83.] 



RicHAno Howard, LL D.; Hbnry Momtaoue. 
— I should be gind of any tnfornintion reBpectuie 
the above. The former wtia receiver of the liiDu 
titx ia ISIO, ;irtd ibe Ititber Master in Cbancerj, 
1750. Wa arms were Arg., three fusila coDJoined 
in /esse gules, between as m;iny pellets. 

M. S. T. 

McN*DT OF Markeaton.— I shall be glad of 
ia/ormiitioa conceroing this familj'. It is men- 
tioned, araon^ others, by Sir Bernard Burke in 
his hcjniniiictncis, kc.j p. 113, as illuRiraling ua> 
titled families hereditarily noble. I Dm anxious 
to ascertain its remote origin, its history, the 
koowQ descents from ii as fur as possible, and its 
arms. Seajlch. 

Families or NicnoL and Rousk. — When the 
estates of John Power, Baron of Kilraeadon, in the 
CO. Wuterford, representative of one of the then 
great branches of the house of Le Poer, in the said 
county, were confiscaled by the Parliament, they 
were allotted to one Henry Nichol (or at least 
be took out grants for them under the Act of 
Settlement and Eipbnntion). His mnral tablet 
still exists in llic church of Kilmeadon. Tbla 
states that be wns son of Humphry NichoU, of 
Penvoke, in the county of Cornwall, and 
Phillip.% bis wile, dau^jhter of Sir Anthony Rouse, 
of " Rouse of Hallow," in the county of Cornwall. 
I wish to know if any of your correspondents can 
jjire tne any nccount of the said families of 
Nichol and Rouse. Nichol's son died early in 
the eighteenth eentury, and the estates pussed 
into the hands of John OLterington, alderman of 
the city of Dublin, from whom lliey passed through 
a family named Hayes into the hands of the St. 
Legers, Lords Doneraile. Could any one point out 
the connexion between Oltcringtoa and the St. 
Legcrs 1 Pni. 

Letter or Cosmo di Medici. — In the address 
outside a holograph letter of Cosmo di Medici 
which I possess, I am puzzled (and others with 
me) by a word, XngUrie. The whole address runs 
thos, the letters supplied being in brackets : — 

*' IlIux^tri«»i]mo Pfrinjcipi et Ei[cetlentiMi]mo 
d[oini]no iJ[oDii]iio FrraneeifCj] SfTonal Vice-Cf>Tuiti, 
Duci .Mcdiolnni, Pupre Xnglerio q[uej Comitrt] ac 
Chremone (l[oaiiJno, d[oinijno mcQ ■ingulArluimo. ' 

Can any reader of " N. & Q." enlighten me ? The 
letter is dated from Florence, March £4, 1455. 
Fred. \V. Jar, F.S.A. 
CathcdfAl Ltbrsry, Ely. 

[Moreri. Oti Diat, II ht. (Pari*, 1759), kito* AntjUfdi 
w Ibe Latin form of Anffhiera, ft town of luly on the 
weitern ihore of La^o Mkfrgiorc, tlie Ckpit&l of the 
county of tb^t name, & province or the Duchy of AJiLan.) 

Newcastle Kkwspaprr : Nave Wanted — 
In the recent biographical notices of Robert Ward, 
editor of the ^cttkof E»'jla^i(l J dviWiier and other 

local publications, and a man of whom Newcostlo 
may well be proud, it is stated thiit in 1S53 he 
started a amall newspaper, of which only one or 
two numbers appeared, uecjinse the rci^uiremcnts 
of the then new9|)aper law not been complied 
with. Will some one state the name of the paper, 
the date of its first and last issues, with any other 
details worthy of preservation } 


Belsise Park Gardens. 

QuERRB. — Id the Plymouth Water Act (27 EIJz., 
cap. 20, 16B5), among the reasons stated for a new 
supply of water being required, occurs the follow- 
ing :— 

"The said ITaren of Plymmowtb, baing one of the 
frynci[mll Havens and lt&rboroughe« of the Weft Purti 
of KnjiUnde, doth Dnylie 'jVtn't and fill w'i» Iho Sandu 
of tliQ Tyfiitewoorclcs and Mtnei nere mdioyncne to the 
same, and in »horto Tyrae wilbe utterlte d^civcd >f Borne 
KedreM'i and ipeodie Komcdio bo nut badd," &:c. 

What is the meaning of the word 7 u<rr« nsed in 
this extract from the Act? Can yonr readers 
oblige me with any other examples of its use ? 

W. S. B. H. 

To Ratch. — The village joiner came here the 
other day to repair a window-cord. On taking 
out the sash, be remarked that the cord had 
r^tchid two inches. I have looked out for the 
word in all the dictionaries I bare, and several 
glossarie*!. At last I found it in Halliwell, "Hitch 
(2), to stretch ; to pull asunder, Oimh. (5) To 
tell grpiit fill^boods, Line." It seem^ strange 
that ri Cumberland word should be found in Lin- 
colnshire. Ia it only another form of the North- 
umberlaad and Border word rax, which has the 
like meaning] JE, LfiATON Elknkinsopp, 



sholl be glad to receive any information relative 
to the following work : " Thi Antiquitwt of Htr- 
ntlancum : Translated from the Italian, by 
Thomas Mortyn and John Lettise, Biulitdors of 
Divinity, and Fellows of Sidney Colloge, Cani- 
bridfie» vol. i. part i. containing the Pictures." 
It wfis published by subscription, and printed in 
London, in 1773, by W. Bowyer and J. NichoUs. 
I wish chiefly to learn whether the work was ever 
completed ; if so, where n copy may be seen, and 
what is the present value of the book. 

Alfred Jewell. 

BA.LTnAZ.vR Gerbirr.— Where was Gerbier's 
house in London 1 Rubens stayed wiih htm. 
He must have lived in great style, for a letter of 
1628, quoted by Bryan, states that he entertained 
the king and queen at supper, which could nnt. 
have stood him in "less than a thousand pounds.* 
Vandyke painted bis portrait in a faniily piece. 
^ C. A. Wari>. 






'*Tne BDTTBRFLT'tf Ball axd QRAssnoppKR's 
FsAftT." — In what year vas this (noir a well-knovn 
illustrated child's book) fint pubUihed ? I bare 
beard that it wnn written at Bowood, on the occa- 
Kion of some />7« given there bj the Marquis of 
Iiansdowne of that day, but bare no means of 
verifying the fact. I beliere the writer was Mr. 
BoBCoe, author of the £i/< of Lto X, &c. 

L. D. 

Clove Fon Clavr.— Huve other poets than 
Tennyson uaed ehve for elave m the post tense of 
cleave t See Ganth and Lyneite :— 

" Then with a itrongcr bufl«t he clove the helm 
As tbrougtily 01 the ikuD." 

TiovtTLFiNOAC'RAflTER. — Where shnU I Had the 
best discuvsion of the locality represented by the 
ancient Tiovuinnguceiiatcr, which many have iden- 
tified with Torksoy, others with Newark and 
Sonthwcll, but of which Mr. Green says, in his 
Making of Kngltnd^ " It seeiiin certainly to be 
Famdoo, u village not far from Newark " I 

G. S. S. 

KoN : Swiss Viixaoes. — What is the mean- 
ing of tho termination kon in the names of many 
villages in Switzerland, principally on the shores 
of the lake of Zurich \ Dietlkon, Pfirffikon, Sisi- 
kon, Zollikon, Scbmerikoo, Witikonf Biibikon, &c. 

L. A. K. 

"PoRTRAiTH OK AuTiiORs."— D'lsrueli (Curw- 
ntiet of Jjittrature), vol. i, p. <i4, observes: — 

"MurvilU* juitly rcprclicmlN tlin fnittiiioui f(o1in|»of 
thoHe iiiKcniuDH iiicii who Imvo ruBtHU'd the lolicitations 
of the fti-tivt to (lit fdf their jmrtraitii. In them it ia 
Boiuptitnes aa much pride m it is viiriity in tlio«c who arc 
leu d.fficitit ill this r^iipcct. Of (iniy, Fielding, and 
Akenildc, vre have no headu for which they mC ; a cir- 
cumntance rogrotteJ by their admticra, and by pliyuog* 

Is this true with reference to Gray ? Mr. Gosse, 
in his nionogrnph on Gmy, mentions several por- 
traits, and 1 hove iMrfuro me now an engraving 
from the portrait of Kckhardt. J. B. 

Authors of Qootations Wantkd. — 

*' Sweet, I haTc jrithere I in the wood 
TlieM April ft ywtr* fur ynu ; 
I would not have them, if'l coulJ, 
2(ut fade, a« oihera do.'' 


_ , . *' neath cannot conio 

To him untimely who \t fit to die; 
The lew of thia coM e«rtli tlie more of heiTcn, 
The brierr life the esriier immortality." 

H. KiKK. 


(6*»> S. TIL 47, 72.) 
The chair referred to is not the Pope*s chair 
" ' is ever id any way used 

in tbe Mooe that it 

by him. Those who have visited the Votieu 
basilica mast be aware that the chair in qoeitioiit 
raised up high as it is, could only be lendend 
accessible by means of a ladder. It is one of the 
most conspicuous objects in St. Peter's. Eockned 
in a handsome gilt bronze case, having the form oC 
a throne, it is placed at the extreme end of tbe 
tribune, and faces all who enter tbe basilica. Sap- 
porting it are four colossal bronze figures, repre- 
senting four great doctors of the church, two of 
the Greek and two of the Latin rite. These an 
St. Athanasius and St. Chrysostom, St. AmbroN 
and St. Augustine of Hippo. I must deny that 
the chair is adored. It is venerated or respected; 
and the correct theological term for such venera- 
tion, respect, or cultut as is given to inanimate 
objects of this class is relative duUa. The 
assertion that it was examined by the French ia 
a fable; and Lady Morgan is completely in error 
when she states that it bears a Mohammedan in- 
scription. There is nothing whatever of the lund 
about it. The chair is just such a one as tba 
apostle may have found and used in the bouse o£ 
the senator Pudens. It is entirely of Roman work- 
manship, and, though constructed of wood, ia faced 
almost throughout with ivory, beautifully and 
delicately wrought. The front has eighteen small 
compartments, surrounded by ornaments of pure 
gold, and in these are contained the bas-reiieCi* 
which represent, as stated, the exploits of Hercules. 
The sides and back are ornamented with pilasters 
and arcades, and the back has n pediment, the 
tympanum of which, together with the mouldinjp* 
beneath, are, like the b:^-reliefs, of finely wrought 
ivory. On each side are rings through which the 
poles were passed when the seat was used as a $tUa. 
galatorxa. It is, in fact, a curule chair. That the 
early Christians, knowing well that "on idol it 
nothing," had no scruple in employing forreligioua 
purposes various objects having pagan representa- 
tions on them, those wlio have any knowledge of 
early Christian antiquities will readily admit. 
Thus, sarcophagi, sculptured with pngan subjects, 
were not only used for Christian sepulture, but for 
baptismal fonts and altars; and the vine paintings 
still to be seen in the church of S. Costanza are 
considered by some to be of Bacchic origin. The 
|)agan sculptures of this chair at St. Peter's do not» 
therefore, afford any argument against its authen- 
ticity. Noristhefttctof its preservotion tobe^reatly 
wondered at. In the apostolic churches it was 
the custom during the early ages of Christianity 
to presterve with care and veneration the chain of 
the fint bishops. Those of St. James and St 
Mark were to bo seen respectively at Jeraiaten 
and Alexandria in the fourth century (Eusebioi, 
Hut Eecle$., lib. 7. c m, edit. Turin, torn, i 
pp. 301, 326; Nicephorus, Gal, lib. 6, c, 16; A€t9 
of S. Piter of AUxindritif ap. Daron, ad an. 310); 
and St. Mark's chair was held in eadt icipecfc Vj 


«»*aL VII. Fm.S,'83.1 


Pet«r of Alexandria, one of the successors of 

the eroDgeliat, tbnt h« refiiacd to occupy it, und 

Hrould only uiuke use of its fooUtooI. The chuir 

Hf St. Peter nt Kome is aUn.Jt'd to, perhups, by Tcr- 

^pUian (Ik i^rnr^crin. //rrr. he., c. 3t>>, more clearly 

■if Si. OptalU3 (lib. 2, Adv. F'trpunian.), and, 

^ritbout doubt, by EDDodiiis nf Pavi;i, who, in the 

year 503, apcaks of the " gestatoriam aellam apC3- 

toliae oonfeasionis'' (in L(ibb. Concil.t torn. iv. 

Pm. IC71, pp. 1356c and 1358b). 

And now with rejLjard to the Mohammedan in- 
•mption. Lidy Mor((an h:w eridently confuged 
the cbuirat Rome with a cerlain other chair thiU 
exieta in the church of S. Pietro di Ciuttello, in 
Venice. Thia latter does, it raust be acknowlediied, 
bear a Mohaiomedan inscription, eoi^raved in Cnfic 
characters, on ilsback. The chair, however, is nob 
ated with any upeciul respect. Though popu- 
rly called " the chair of St. Peter," it does not 
:uny a place of honour, but is merely set against 
rail, between the second and third altarv, on the 
{ht hand side of the church. A tablet above 
ttes that it waa presented in the year 1310 by 
te emperor Michael Bulbus to the doge Peter 
Grandonicnt. or Omdenif^o. Qimdrl's ^'tide-book 
terms it "a very ancient marble chnir, believed by 
le vulf^ar to be the one used by St, Peter at 
itioch," nnd then adds an account of the Arabic 
kcription. Ilut the very fact of the existence of 
is chair does not seem ta be generally known 
ren in Venice. For a full account of the two 
lira see Cardinal Wiseman's Bitaya on Vat-ioiu 
tbjtcis, vol. iii. C. W. S. 

To Mr, Platt*s interesting account of the io- 

riptions on the Pope'A chair, it ouj^ht in justice 

boadded that Cardinal Newman, in his Lectures 

CatholicSf p. 241, says, that inquiry was niudc, 

td it turned out that the chair uf which Lady 

(organ had spoken wa-< at Venice, not at Eouie ; 

it it had been brought thither by the Crusnderii 

nil the Eiist, and therefore might well bear upon 

the Mohammedan inscription; and that tradition 

ire it to he the Antiocheuo chair of tlic apostle, 

|d not the n«man. Godfrey Hit-giu?. in his 

la^nlt/pnif, i. Gi»3, indul^jes in some very null 

kjectures on lUe purpose of the Arabic in9erip< 

ID. Nk (^lmd Nimis. 

The liit word on IImh interesting; subject — I 

lan on the Cathedra Petri — wds s.iid, and i» to 

read, in Ttvo Mrmoirt on Siivf PtUr't Chttir^ 

tirwd nt Hornet by Mr. Arthur Ashpitel, F..S A., 

id Mr. Alexander Ne»bitt, F^^. A., published by 

Society of Anticpiftries in I87*t. J would re- 

irnend (he perusal of theve ralunble memoirs 

Miss BtTflic. She wdl not regret the lime ex- 

ided in -o doing. H. C. C. ! 

[ay I supplement Miss DcsK'scompVie answer ' 
Mr, Platt byi!:i)iiij( that in tho lyttlly lie 
(<r of lo-duy (Jiiauary HI) there is an uccouut i 

of the observance at Kome of the feast of St. 
Peter's chuir upoti January KS, with souie inter- 
eulin^ facts about the chair itself f I wiw surprised 
to 6qU Mr. Platt resuscitating the old Hctions con- 
nected with the subject, and that h** should speak 
of its being '* exposed to the (t'f&mfiwn (') of the 
people." JAUBfi BitiTTiCM. 

[A. N. and E. R. next wrelt.J 

Earlt Mabriaoes (6** S. vi. 3i7).— A more 

remarkable instance of early marrisKo than that 
quoted by H. occurs in the case of Maurice, Lord 
Berkeley, tlie third of that name, as related by 
Smyth, the Berkeley antiquary, iu bis Liva of the 
Bcrkdtys, which I am at this time, with the per- 
mission liberally accorded by Lord Fitzhardin^e, 
editinf^ for the members of the Bristol and Glou- 
ceatenhiro Arcba ological Society. I will state 
the aocoant of it shortly la Smyth's own (|uaiut 
laogaage : — 

" If those tiro records of [nquitfittnnii in the counties of 
Gloucester and SomerseC lEncliext I'l Biw. II. No. 46), 
found by tida lord aft«r tho dsiitli of Ins falher, hare thiH 
lord's ago ariglit, to wUote bilief 1 Km aUo tyod by otiier 
ohserratiDns concorrtng (and lie Itoiit kn^n hii own sga 
that setC ic dovrti), thou n'.t'i tliit lorJ Mautic^ born in 
tite year 1231, teiiiR the ninth of Kin;; Edward the lir»t. 
and near the month of Aprill, wherein hit gran Ifathor 
tlia bord Maurice djed ; And waa by hi:t father Che last 
lunl Tliomns marrjred at LI gltt veareaold- n the 17th of 
ihat King, to elv«, dau^liler of Ev>d'j lord ZuUt:)! and of 
tlie bady MiUicsnt de Muute Aho liis wifi* ; and was by 
Iter made father uf Thomas, his tldut son. before bee was 
fourteen yeurs old Uimsiilf : Neither iva« hU wife abovtf 
that age, which 1 am aa unapt r« anr to give faith unto ; 
Honli«it whi^n ] see and handle this |i>rl'i birth in ;* 
ninth .vear of King Edwarl tho fint. And find him to be 
marryed in y' searcnteenth of that Kingo and himself 
but fourly year* cl-l at y* death of hin father in tbs bf • 
ginning uf the fiftcentli ytaruf Kin^; Edward tho locond. 
And when he himaelf dyeth in .May in the Xinate«nth 
year of the sayd Kinjr, Anno 13'20, andUaTeth Thomaii. 
Iii^ said son and heir, ti<eit thirty vrarit old and upwards 
(all which by their offices, deed«, and other Evidences 
apprnra very manifest). I would gUdly think otbsrwiie, 
but Truth will U3li>ermil luee." 

John Maclean^, 

Bicknor Court, Colcf^rJ, 

These early marriages were not at all unconi- 
raon at the period H. mentions, and for a century 
later, if not more. They were chieily in the upper 
classes, and were (generally a-raof^ed by the families 
80 as to join oslates lyinz neat t) each other. For 
instance (Ump. Hen. VI ir.)^ Margiret, daughter 
of Richard Smith, E q , heiress of Sbirfurd (near 
NuuealooT in Warwickshire), was married to 
William, third son of Sir Jubn Lyttleton; the 
children were both nine years old. Generally tho 
custom followed with these marriages was that 
after the ceremony the bride lived with her parents 
fur some year?, and the bridegroom continued his 
educitiiiu or whs sent abroad with a tutor for the 
same time. Butb Evelyn and Pepya married very 



yonthfal wires; I think that Er«Iyn'« wife was 
fourteen years oM when he married her, and tbat 
Pepfs's was fifteen or six been. I hare not the hooka 
to refer to, but I think that Mrs. Erelyn stayed a 
year or two at Paris with her family before coming 
to England to her huaband. I cannot think of 
instances to which I could refer now, but on look* 
ing at visitations of the sixteenth and seventeenth 
centuries, and other historical and genea1of;icat 
papers, numerous cases occur. Stkix. 

Not only In the days of good Queen Bees and 
earlier, but very much later in our history were 
such marriages allowed. To take an inetance in 
the Georgian period, this entry is in " The Chrono- 
logical Diary appended to TTu Historical Rtgu- 
UTf vol. vi,, for the year 1721, June 8 : " Charles 
Powel, of Cirmarthen, Eaq., of about eJeven Years 
of Age, marry VI to a Daughter of Sir Thomas 
Fowei, of Broadway, E^rt, deceas'd, aged about 
14." The young ludy'a only brother bad died on 
March 21 preceding. Often did a guardian hariog 
control of a weultby ward Bnd it convenient not 
to delay tbe promotion of a marriage of the ward 
with one of hia own kith and kin, though not 
always by any meaus was it considered neceaeary 
that there should exi^t between the couple the 
eentimeota which induced Dickena's " young gen- 
tleman not eight years old to run nway with a 
fine young woman of aeren." W. E. B. 

I may mention a similar instance which ocoutred 
nearly one hundred and thirty years later than 
the marriage to which fl. refers, in a family which 
my mother now repTe^ents, viz., the Shaws of 
Bally tweedy, co. Antrim. Ilenry Shaw (son of 
John Shaw, of Billytweedy, andgrandeon of Oapt. 
Shaw, High Sheriff for county Antrim, lG03j who 
was attainted by King Jamea'n Parliament) was 
married in the year 1721 to bis couein Mnry (only 
child of Patrick Shaw, of Brittas, co, Antrim), 
when '''neither of them was yet fifteen years old"; 
and the old document from which I am quoting 
goes on to say tbat the father of this equally pre- 
codous bridegroom " continued to manage for the 
young couple^ and had not long sarvived their 
comiDg uf iige." Their eldest child was born io 
1723. Ilenry Shaw died in 1775, a year after the 
birth of hia great-ftrandson, Thomas Potter, of 
Mount Potter, co. Down. 

Walton Graham BKRar. 

BroomflclJ, FUby, near HuiiaorefieliJ. 

An iDStaDce of early marriage even more curious 
than that mentioned by H. is the marnsge of 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas, Lord Clifford, of 
Skipton L^aatle, in the fifteenth century, to Sir 
Robert PlumptoD, of Plumptou Castle. The bride 
was six years of age, and the bridegroom not mnoh 
more. The husband died three years after mar- 
riage, and the ** widow " was united to hia brother 

^illiam when she had gained the age of twelve 

yeaTJ*. Dodsworth preserved for us tbe docament 
from which the above information is given In 
Whitaker's Biitoty of Craven, 

W. H. Dawson. 


Id recently making a search through several of 
the old county hiatoriea I found tbat excessively 
early marriages were of very frequent occurrence, 
the parties in many casea being considerably 
younger than the pair H. menliooa. Was there a 
syatem of betrothal which, badly recorded, we 
perforce confuse with actual marriage ? 

Wilfkild Hargravb. 

Lionel, Duke of Clarence, third surviving son 
of King Edward UI., was married very young to 
the heiress of Ulster ; the wedding took place in 
IS^j^, and as the prince waa born in 1338 he was 
a juvenile bridegroom of fourteen. I have not 
been able to secure the real age of Lstdy Elizabeth 
de Burgh, but I conclude that she was younger. 

A. H. 

There seems to be evidence that a little before 
1646 a certain Jane Rookes was married when 
but twelve years of age. See i^trth Report </ 
liidorical MSS. Commimion, p, 114. 

Edward Peacock, 

TnR Coovnn Mkla at ALLAtiAUAD (6" S. 
vii. 23). — I CAU anawer the inquiries of your cor- 
respondent on Ibis subject upon good authority as 
follows: — 

1 It is only the confluence of the Jumna and 
the GiingeR which is sacred to the Hindu. 

*2. Because these river? flow down from the 
Hiuiahiyaa, the dwelling-pkce of the ^odis. 

fl. " Mngh, or M(\(fh-if tlia month eocallpd, the 10th of 
tlie Hindu year, when ttic iiin entert Capricorn, when 
tlie full iQDOU IB rirur the ustcrisiu. JIaqha {Jnnuary ftiid 
E^cbmiary). On the first of tlie inuntli sn c&lled, accord- 
ing to Rolar computtLliun.or the fir^t lunation of tlio maon. 
Chat ift, the dn^' u( tlie new mnmn, a grcnt fcsttTal it 
uliflorTod in Ujipvr Indin, wlien batliiiit; in tbe tea at 
OanKn-Sagarn, or th« mouth of thu Bhiigt'iatha, \$ 
considered of peCLjIiar vfficicy. '— WilBoa'fl Angta-indiiktk 

" Mtht^K fair, or fta§emMy of peonle, ptriodlcallj at 
some (iBrticu'ar r{ii>(, uflunlljr oil a relrgiuui festiral, but 
at nhicb traffic is curried on, and amusements are pro- 
vided." — llui. 

4. The benefit to be derived from bathing at 
the junction of tiic sacred rivers is tbe waahiog 
away of ainp. 

5. Voomhh is a grand cycle of years, and tweUa 
is such a number. 

6. Nothing is more rariLible and shifting (ban 
the course of a river in lodt*. Wiihin nnollier 
(^ootnW* of twelve years the two grind rivers niny 
hftve ceased to meet, nnd be rolUnp seaward by 
other nod dilferent chiirineU^ of which event pos- 
sibly some present indica-tion may have E^ven riac 
to the passni;e in the East Indian Kailway report 
as quoted by yotir corre^pondeDt. 


There is an articleon theM:if;h Mula of Allahabad 
in the January number of Modirti 7'AomjA(, which 
luight intereaC jour correspondenr. 

tM. P. Bltth. 
Schiller's " Peoasos m JocH«" (6* S. vL 
9, fi42 : vii. 10).— According to my opinion, 
Schiller did not intend to convey any particular 
notion in chooaing the name of Hnymurket as the 
{Alice where Pegusus was sold. Ho probably choae 
It Asoji '^oullaadiah" name merely, wiahiugto place 
the scene of the imaginary horse-market in some 
foreign country. For ihia purpose the name of Hay- 
miuket must have appeared lo him the more suit- 
^»ble on uccount of the similarity between the 
^■oglish '• market " and the German " Markt." As 
Hgnrds the faulty rhythm of the first line of the 
ftboTe poem, it should be remembered that Schiller 
Tery frequently took a poetical licence with 
foreign namw, Ihae using in his U'alltJistein the 
Oftmea of "Maradaa" and *'Slawata'' as ainphi- 
brnchs instead of as dactyls. The termination et 
in German nouna ie, besides, usually long; we nmst 
therefore scan the lust words of line one thus, xn 
Bnymdrkifj pronouncing the final syllable et long 
rhyme with poet, however much this may jar on 
igljsh ears, fn conclusion, I cannot help adding 
Lt all the commentaries on Schiller's poems 
lich I have seen explain the name of Haymurket 
tngly, some confounding it with Smithfield, 
rhere also women were pold," and others putting 
down as a town in EngLind where the same 
[wife-traffic'* was carried on. 

C. A. BacnaBiu, Pn.D. 
Jog^s College, London. 

Erasmus on Kissiko (6'*» S. vii. 60),— The 
igo wanted is probably that quoted by Mr. 
B. Rye in his interesting Euglatut at i«« by 
Weijpi(»», pp. 26U-C1, from Ernami Epxitoltr, fol., 
Biisil., 1658, p. 223, and put by me iu a note lo 
my Harrison's DtscTi}itioti of England in Shuk- 
wper^M Yovthf pt. i. p, Ixi (Xew Shakspere 

"Here [in EngUndj are g>ls with ani(cU' faC«. lo 

I - ! -' A obli^in:; lliat you «ould fur [ircfor tliem to all 

] ttsei. B<-»-i'!es, llieri> is a custou here never to ha 

;>tly couifiicndcd. Wherever yitn come, yuu are 

i wiih n kiw by nil; when you take yimr lesTC, 

dtsmiS'e'l vitti ktues ; you return, kis'es arc 

i. They come to yiilt yi.u. liitm nualn ; they 

"D, you liifs tliem nil round. Should tliey nietft 

. r where, kines in abunJarice; in tiite, wherever 

^01 move, there is nothing but ktsaea." 


CrtArrrnxoN's Writikos (6'*' S. vi. 404). — 

Thp niitg.ixine contributions of lhom:is ChatlerLon 

; cted, notably in the edition of 1777 (pub- 

■ y T. Payne & Son, at the Mews Gate), and, 

•e, in later editions aUo. Bedsides the paper 

4 (the third of the " Hunter of Oddities" 

ELc*;, there ia also a paper on the " Antiquity of 

Christmas Games"; another on the "Origin, 
Nature, and Design of Sculpture"; "The Adven- 
tures of a Star"; "Maria Friendless"; *'Tho 
False Step"; ''Memoirs of a Sad Dog"; "Tony 
Selwood"; four papers on "Oddities"; *'Astrea 
Brokage"; *'The Unfortunate Fathers"; and two 
or three short anecdotes, of which tho following 
mr\y form a fair example:— 

" After Cbfturer hml distnbuted copies of the tale of 
Piers Plowman, a Franoiscati friar wrot« a tatlrlo 
maamery [tic] upon bim; which wni acted at the 
monaBtorica in London, and at Woodstock before the 
Court Cbauoer, not a liitle nettled At tbe poignancy 
and popalaritr of the satire, meeting hts antagnniit in 
Fleet Street, beat him with bis duger ; for which ha 
was fined two thillins:!, aa apiwan by a record of ibo 
Inner Tvmijle, where Chaucer was a student" 

It has often surprised me that no really popular 
life of Chatterton ia accessible. I wrote a paper 
on the "Marvellous Boy" for the GentUman't 
MtJ'jiL-.ine^ November, IS73, and had little to work 
upon except tho Lif* of Chattertoiv by Dix, and 
the introductory preface to the collected edition of 
his Works to which I have already alluded. I re- 
member tliat Mr. Sala then gave me some valuabia 
suggestions, and was most kind iu putting me on 
the track of inforiuntion. But we want a popular 
monograph of Chatterton ; let us hope that this 
may soon be supplied to us, I cannot forbear, ia 
conclusion, to quote the last paragraph in one of 
his letters to the editor of the Toxcn and Country 
Mugnzine. It will serve to raise the veil on the 
misery of that young life, and make us at once 
deplore Chattertoa'a wiafurtunes and heartily coa- 
gratulule ourselves on the fact that we live in more 
halcyon djiys:— " Penuit this^ then, to appear in 
your universally admired nugaztne ; it may gire 
somo entertainment to your readers and a dinner 
to your bumble servant," &c. 


33, Tedwcrth Square, CbelKS. 

The English Ancestry of Losofkllow (6'^ 
S. vi. 421, 495).— In chat with my excellent 
friend and neiK'hbour, Mr. Henry Sewell Stokes, 
whose office of Clerk of the Peace for Cornwall 
brings hiui near me, I mentioned this subject, 
just started in *' N. & Q." My friend, the author 
of The Vah of Lrtuhtrnc, The Chantry Owi, 
Meiiioi-ieSf a Lifci Epihguet Rutormelf and much 
more delicioufi prietry, tells me that he had a corre- 
spondence with tho late poet Longfellow in the 
year 167G respecting the latter's intended pub- 
lication of Poems of PlaceSf in which he wished to 
insert some rersea of Mr. Stokes's. Mr. Stokes 
felt honoured by thui refjnest, cave ready a-isent, 
Rud many of hia compoBitionii will be found in the 
two volumes so named which Messrs. MacmilUa 
& Co. published. 

In one of Longfellow's letters, dated Cambridge, 
U.S., April 7, ib7e, he writes to Mr. Stokes us 
follows : "Your own middle name sugiseits ktu- 



|«'fcS,VII.Fw.3, '63. 

ship. The first of my name wbo came to this 
country married Anne Sewell, of Xewbetry, and 
as I am descendeii from bcr, perbnps we are to 
Borae way cousina." 

Mr. Stuljes, in rcplyinc; to ihia letter, wrote to 
Mr. Lon^ftllfiw thjii liia own mother was Anne 
Sewelf,, daiiuhter of Jnnies Sewell, a wine mer- 
cbnnt cif Urialu], who, on the death of her fnther 
and mother, in the early part of this century, 
ncconipanied or followed her brother Jiimes, :i 
proctor and notjiry, to Gibraltar, probably in 1806; 
that in 18t»7 thia AnnMcwelt mnrried Henry SiokcB^ 
a merchant of Gibraltar; and that the writer, Mr. 
Henry Sewell Stokes, now in his seveoty-fifih 
year^ wiia the eldest child of this nmrriage. 

Juinea Sewell, the proctor, died at Gibraltar 
many years ago, at an advanced ng^, and all his 
brothers and siatera are deaJ. He informed Mr. 
W. fil. Stokea (a brother of Mr. H. S. Stokes), 
now a barrister at Gibraltftr, that hia father, Jucnea 
Sewell, of Bristol, was nf the family of Dr. Sewell, 
a civilian lawyer, and Sir Thomas Sewell, Master 
of the Uulla. These probably lived in the laat 

My frleni^ liaa not had time to work out of these 
few particulars fuller detuils and proofs ; but I 
offer them, thinking; they in»y possibly elucidate 
a subject in which LoDgfellaw waa uiaDifeslly 
interested. T. QuiLLKR OoucH. 


Mn. Ellis's st^itemcnt that nn ono baa otfered 
to search the York wills for particuhirs respecting 
the p:>eL'ii emcestora is not correct, as Mr. S. Mar- 
geri»on hns noted all wills of the family unit 
1700, which, vi'\\\i other notices, he proposes to 
insert in the natea to the second volume of Caher- 
Ujf rariih Riififttrgt now in the press. I have 
met with several notices of the family after 1520, 
aud have a Kkclch at hand, by the Rev, Kobert 
Collyer, of New York, for our forthcoming volume, 
JtkUy^ A n citix i txnd Modi rii. M r. Da wso d , 
also, in his new Hiilory of Skipion, shows that be 
has devoted some attention to the subject; but 
with all these endeavours, ihe work is far from 
beioK perfect. I am dispoi^ed lo thick that we 
muat ubanHtm (he Lonpvillers theory — indeed, I 
have never adopted it. Yet we have an important 
family near, the change of whose name is certain^ 
and the difficulty a* preat, viz., Maud, ancieutly 
Montnult. The LongfellowB of Ilkley had mem- 
bers who were culled before the court for ctiltiufi 
yew, keeping " dog^iea," and Margaret Lang- 
fellowe was "ducked" once or twice, to cool her 
hot, if not slanderous, ton|{ue. From a letter in 
Mr. Collyer'a sketch, dated IfiPli, w© Itnrn that 
"Bro. I^ngfellow'H father, Williititi Lonirfellow, 
lives at Horsforlb, near Ticeds. Tell hitn Bro. bai 
a son William, a fine likely child." This letter 
Was written by Judye Sewall, of Bosfon, whose 
alBtcr Willium Longfellow had married u couple 

of years before. What i^ |mrticuUrly wanted now 
is the baptisms of all the William Longfellows^ 
bora about 1651, whose faihera were named Wil- 
liain, and, so far aa wo cm obtain them, all tha 
baptisms of the eUer WiUiiini Longfellows born 
about 1624. This research certainly leadi ui to ik 
William Longfellow, of Ilkley, father of William 
Longfellow, of Ilkley, born 1624, who probably re- 
moved a few miles away to Horsforlb, and was 
the father of the emigr.inf. 




Giies.'iea as to thcorigjin of family names arc, like^ 
most other guesses, of little value. Ft may, bow-i 
ever intcTest Kome of your reatlers to know Ibafel 
in I Henry VII. a Thonias Lou^fJ^^tuge was a^ 
tenant of the manor of Kirton-in-Lindsey, in 
Misson. I hiive derived this informatioo ftOUb 
the court roll of (he manor for that year. 

Edwauo Pcacock. 

Bottearord Manor, Brigg. 

L'.wTiiF.a Yate3 (6**^ S. vii. 43). of Oathariot 
HaII, Crtmhridt:e, took the degree of B..\. ia l7fi(V 
of M.A. in 17G4, B.D. in 177-1, and VAX in 17fl(K 
He was luade Master of Oaiharine Hall in 177ft 
These particulars uro contained in the Grada^U 
CantahrigicHictj edition of ISJC. From Giioninj^ 
Rcminuunc^i of Comhrahjf, we gather that Dr, 
Yatea served the offiiie of yice-Chancellor \f^ 
1704-5. A description of ibo doctored person n 
^iven by Gunning, ifcirf.; — 

" He wa,B loMT in ataturc, reniarkhbly fnt, lu« f<irm wfl 

■pherical he ipitenrvrl to a person fuibwiQg him nal 

very unlike B luitio i*a1kini; on liti htnd \ez'r- I [Mr^ 

Gunnirigl VFn« nco^iDpanyinx l>iin to Sc Mary's on al 




ovp<3«ite the houRo they alT joined inn very loutl 

noi«y soni;, of wUkh Ibd folWwing worJs were very dllt 

tinclly hcftrd: — 

'fiailsooni, ri iitlionn*, 
LowtUer Vntot in pnntatoon* t ' 
These worJi were often re peateJ. ''—GuniiiTig, vol. U.p,1i 
The sequel of the incident in told by Mr. GnDDiDfl 
but iimounts to little more lh;\n that the cbtl 
ott'under, whoAe name was Le Gricf, apologized an 
was forgiven by the ynod natiired diffnitary. i 
few more particnlara of Yn les'a year of cffi l:c are co» 
Uiined in Cooper's AnnaU of Cambridge, (in. I79S 

He succeeded Kenrii-:k Present, D.D., as UasU 
of dtharino Hall in 177l>. and was succeeded k 
Joseph Procter, B.D., in 17!)D. 

W. A. M. Baowir, 

JuTiN Watnwriout (G'" S. vii, 49).— Joll 
Wiiinwriglit was born at Slockport, and probjihfc 
tuigrated to Manchester about I75i», Ha 
appointed organifit of the collegiate church of 
town on May 12, 1767, and died iu Jaoua 

nrnrigl VFn« nco^iDpanymx liim to bt, Mhry t on ai 
at's liay when T head tbe sound of a very juvial parWj 
tikfn»tin^ ill Kinj^'s Parade. One of ttiotrt. lookiflfl 
of the window, gnw ui approncli, Kiid brfura we ipM 


the following TMr, \~V}R. He pnUlisbed A ColUr.- 

Hon of Pgahn Tuntn, Aulk.e}njif 11 uinui,and Cfuintj 

for (hie, Tivj, 7'hreiy and Four VoiciSj \n oblong 

folio, in tlie yeiir 1767, but the tunes in that work 

are ftU nnnameO. It uiny 1)« that his admirers 

called his populiir tuna **SlO(.*lcport" in order to 

^IBftociiite it with the cotuposer'a birthplace— at all 

^brents, this appropriate name wan attjiched to it 

Bbr raaoy yeira, until some meddlers renamed it, 

Hurioualy " Dorchester," *' Yorkshire," " Mottrara." 

^^ninwright xvta an excellent perfomier on the 

viollu und organ. Josh. Bates was wont to say 

tb&t be obtnined his fir^t notion of grand or^'an 

pUjinf; from liatening to the performance of Wuin- 

right on the organ in the collegiate church. 

It is easy to underaland how the error has crept 

that John Wainwright resided at Liverpool — by 

le way, he was not a Mus. Doc, but his son 

>bert was, and be, succeediof! his father at Man- 

iest«r, afterwards removed to Liverpool, where he 

FAS appointed orpininl of St. Peter's Church on 

rch 1, 1775. He was a voluminous composer, 

td died July 15, 1782, aged thirty-four. When 

»ol>ert left Alunchester bo was succeeded by bis 

ither Kichard, who was also an able mnsictan 

composer; nt Ins brother's death he removed 

Liverpool, and socceeded him at St. Peter's ; he 

1, Aged sixty-aevcn, Auf^ust Si), 182!>. There 

another brother^ William, who was aUo a 

iMcUa and comiwser ; be was a " singing man " 

the Collegiate Church, Manchester, also a music- 

Her and performer on Ibe contra-basso; he died 

ily 2, 1797. W. H. Ccmmiugs. 

John Gumlst (6** S. vii. 62).— I have met 
rith more than one contemporary allusion to John 
itnley's trnde us a 0aMi and china seller, but 
mot, unfortunately, lay my hand at the moment 
any reference save one to Steele's paper in the 
faiorfor Oct. 14, 1712 :— 

So though we are at this day beholden to the Itto 

Kitty aud inveative Duko of Duckingham for ttie whole 

Tndt and SUnufacturo of GUi s, yet 1 suppou there ii 

(ue will aver tliat were his Omce yet living, ility 

routd nut rather deul with roy diligent Friend and 

teighbour Mr Gumlcy f"r any (joods to be prepared 

td drlirered on aucb u Da; than he would with that 

lustrious M?ch«mc abovs mentioned.** 

I know not on what authority Malcolm says 

[Londinium Jiidivitnim, 4to,, 1P07, vol. iv. p. 3i>2), 

luley rented all the upper part of this 

II 1 1714 OS a warehouse for pier and other 

:>j, lumed and uaframed." MoT Thomas. 

Dbav or IIartington (0"* S. vi. 4o7)— The 

of Dean of Unrtin^ton, ro. Derbv, is said by 

B*v. J. C. Cox to be " of post-Reformation 

*'' {Kotet on thf CUnrchf* of DtrhytKire^ ii, 

jy«0Dsremarli9(Aftfy. J5W(., 1817, v. 176):— 

••When Hirtiti^-t'iri ct'mmoni were inclosed in 1798, 

li« 1jM« Eurl [tfAuchimti, Itien William I^ygon, I-Imi., 

HD( impifpciatur of Iho threat tithes, had an allotment 

in lien of them, which allotment he alVrwanl* sold to 
Sir I1ui;h Bfttemiko. Barl. la right of tho rcctorint 
rntjita ^ir Huj^U Untemsn is patron of the Deanery of 
Hnrtington. The denn lias thecoclesia^tical jurifdictioa.] 
iif ttie )>af i«h. the firoU>ite of wills, Jkc, it being exempt 
frotn (he authuiity of the Oiihop and the Archdeacon.^ 

The late Rev. John Bitereian, Rector of West 
Leake, w:ui Dean of Hnrtinj^ton until hi.-t death, 
which occurred recently, having; been presented by 
the trustees of tho late Sir Hugh Batemao, his 
undo, in 1822. 

In the collections of the late Mr. Bateman, of 
Loruberdide House, was the ivory seal, which ia 
thus described in the Defcnptivt Catatogue (Buke- 
well, printed for the Author, 1855, 8vo. p. 271):—] 

" Ivory Biral of a Rural Dean of Hartington. inicHbed'-l 
ronnd the edge : ' x Sigil . Tliom . Uarrey . Decani . d« «| 
Hnrtington . com . mcmbris.* Tho gift of Mr. YatfS in 

" Tba handle ofthvaeal forms a saltcellnr, and the face, 
whicli Is of pointed oval shape, is engraved with tho follow- 
ing singular devirca:— At the top is the lun; tt little lower, 
on tlio joxter aidf, it R crosceitt to indicate the moon ; 
on the siniitcr i» a hitnd iiiuing from the clouds lioMtng 
a pair of balanocf ; bonealh the clouda are scTcti itvri. 
L'nder tbe balances is a label, extending acrofli tlie leal, 
inMribed * viNCtT . qti . patitvr '; snd lowcat of all is 
a shield bearina in chief six crescents, in bate, an arm 
in armour holding a dnffger. It appears from the Hart- 
ington regi-tter tlJat Tliomas IlarTtry was yicar of the 
parish from ]'J35 to 1013." 

After the death of Mr. Bateman, a large propor*. 
lion of his Derbyshire collectiooa was seal by his 
eon to tho iSbetlield Museum ; I am not aware 
whether or no tho above interesting; seal U in* 
eluded amongst tbe objects thus bestowed. 

Alfred Wallis. 

DKCirnsRRR to the Kino (C"" S. vi. 408).— 
Though unable to explain what the duties were an- 
nexed to this oiBce,yet the followingextrnct from Th^ 
liemaint of Thontnt Hfcirne may prove an illua- 
tratioD of it, and of tbe Willes family by whom it 
was held. It also incidentally notes tho custom 
prevalent in tbe early part of tho last century of 
addressing nnmarried ladies by the title Mrs., and 
another instance of this custom may be seen in 
tho crypt of St. Puura Cathedral in a monumental 
ioBcriution to the memory of an unmarried daugh- 
ter of Sir Christopher Wren. In Westminster 
Abbey may also be Been tbe monument of an un- 
married lady styled in tbe epitaph *' Mrs. Mary 

•* Fob. 6, 1718/19. On Monday mnminiE last, Mrs, 
Jenny While, daughter of Alderman 'White of Oxford, 
was married in 3Ierton college cbapell, to Mr. Willes. of 
Oriet College, who is King George's dciypliercr, and 
hath lately got a very good parsonage iu Iiorif'trdshirB, 
This gentleman is one of the CorulUviionnt, as they are 
called, and is a very great whlj:, as is alto Alderman' 
White, whose eldest daughter, Mr«. Mary ^Tiite (looked 
upon as a great beauty, a* Mr* Jenny is also handsome) 
married a gentleman of I ntTcrsity cjll. who had 
little or notliing (though ho hath got iome preferment 
since), at the »niQ time that she might have ba-1 Mr. 

«* 8. VII. Fib. 3, '630 



said to be fond of repeating to his uncle Steward 
(Sir Philip Warwick's ^femoiri)y one can readily 
imagine with what enthusiasm he would deliver 
the foregoing soliloquy. Cotiibsrt Beds. 

Tdksdat U.sldckt (G»*'S. vi. 286).— Dr. Htdb 
Ci«ABKE and -also R. H. B. (6"» S. vi. 317) both 
write rej^arding this superstition, and the latter 
inquires if any one has met with it further west or 
north than Rome. Ou Wednesday, June 25, 1879, 
I happened to be passinc; a building in this fortress 
laTisDly decorated with fiigs, and on inquiring the 
xeoson of the display wa) informed that a *'St. 
John's Day ball" was to be given there in the 
evening. I remarked, *' Yesterday was St. John's 
Day." " Si, Seiior," was the reply ; " but yesterday 
was also Tuesday, and that day is considered in- 
anspicious as well as Friday by Gibraltarians." 
The superstition is not confiaed to Gibraltar, but is 
prevalent throughout Andalusia, and'I imagine 
throughout the whole Peninsula. The Gastillian 
Broverb says, "En martes ni te cases ni te em- 
Miques*' (on Tuesday neither marry nor embark 
in any enterprise). I may add that there is a 
Berillian Opera Company at present in this city. 
The first performance was announced for Satur- 
' day 18th ult., but on account of the indisposition of 
'. CM of the principal artists the opening night had 
I'to be postponed. The Impresario, Don Ventura 
; Saiichez, was about to announce that the firet night 
voold be on November 21, but his company would 
! lot hear of such a thing, as that date fell on a 
fincaday. R. Stewart Patterson. 


Qnastalla, "Preambolo" to Canti Popolari del 
€inoindario di Modicaf gives the reason for Tues- 
dl^ being considered unlucky in the tradition that 
jfooas was born on that day ; and to the local 
fusion of the Roman distich I have already given 
•nthe»nbject(6*»' following :— 
" Li fonna di 1u luni, e di lu niaiti 
8' 'un lu' reri, ftu' paiti." 

R. H. Busk. 

"FoiR ": " Foinster" (e**" S. iii. 328).— Under 
the above heading I inquired as to the origin of 
the word foin, used by Pitt, Wilberforce, and 
•Iher friends in 1784, in the sense d to idle, trifle, 
nereate. The word frequently occurs in old 
vriten in the sense to thrust with a weapon. 
Btchardson has many quotations, from Chaucer 
dovnwards, and Shakespeare uses the word in 
that sense in Mvch Ado about Nothing, King 
Ltmr, and Merry Wiwt of Windiw. But in the 
tkeimd Part of Henry IV. (II. ly.) it occurs with 
^teadifferent meaning, as if in the convivial sense 
ifflpUed in the quotation from Wilberforoe (Life) 
a my first qaery. Doll Tearsheet says, ** When 
■flfc thou leave fighting o' days and foining o' 
•4|^1' I naked (6tt*S.iiL 328) whether /oin, as 

id h^ Pitt and the others, were merely a fimci- 

ful word used playfully by them, and perhnps of 
their invention. From the above speech of Doll's, 
foin seems to have had a second meaning, very 
much the same as rollicking, roystering ; for she 
puts foiniog in direct contrast to fighting and 
thrusting. Mistress Tearsheet is not a desirable 
or a safe person to quote from, and perhaps her 
language was olfensively figurative. Where did 
Pitt and his friends get their foin and foitisUr 
from? J. Dixon. 

ALKBORouan Cjiurch, LrscaLKsniRB {&^ S. 
vi. 446, 407). — I must apologize very heartily to 
Mr. Exton for my mistakes about this matter. 
Indeed, when I read his rojoinder to my dis- 
coveries, I felt much like Jonathan Oldbuck on 
the Kaim of Kinprunes, when the bedesman in- 
terrupted his speculations with the celebrated 
words, "Prietorian here, Praitorian there, I mind 
the bigging o't." I should explain that uiy visit 
to AIkb«rongh Church took place in the twilight 
of a gloomy November afternoon, that I could not 
Bod the parish clerk, and that 1 had to leave after a 
very short examination of the font cover. The figure 
of Noah and his dove I could only make out at all 
by holding the cover obliquely between mo and 
what light fell upon it from the windows. It is, 
perhaps, not to be wondered at that I was *' at 
sea " in most of my remarks. My main contention, 
however, was that it is a pity to see the old Norman 
font thrust into a corner. When I hear of any 
steps being taken to restore either church or font 
I will certainly make the best amends I can for 
my hasty paragraph by sending a mite towards 
the good work. Pelagids. 

Transplanted Teeth (C*** S. vii. 17).— Mr. 
Edgcumbe refers to an example given by Petrus 
Borellus, of "a tooth drawn out and transplanted." 
Some years ago my dentist, the late Mr. Maclean, 
of Wimpole Street, told me of a case of the kind 
which happened within bis own knowledge. A 
young English lady, riding in the Bois de Boulogne, 
was thrown from her horse, and one of her front 
teeth was knocked out. She was taken, as soon 
OS possible, to a dentist in Paris. He at once pro- 
duced or discovered some poor girl of the same 
age, drew the corresponding tooth from this girl's 
mouth, and transferred it tur-le-champ to the young 
lady's vacant gum, in which it look root and re- 
mained. So said my grave and experienced practi- 
tioner ; and we have not forgotten that Fiftne, in 
Lei Misirabletf sold one of her frait teeth in like 
manner to benefit her child. A. J. M. 

The Name Gambbtta (6** S. vii. 25).— Per- 
haps a happier derivation of this name than that 
given by Mr. Sawtbr is to regard it as a corrup- 
tion of the Italian Giambattista (for Giovanni Bat- 
tista), one bom on St. John's Eve. 





Bl!CXKi.i,Bs (C^^ S. VI, 328) — Voglet'j DUlvon- 
naire (riofpvpkiq'is dt Id Belgique feiya: — 

" On trriuve drni* une hncienne cliron'tjiie quDl^f-ruijue 
Saint Vindicinn lombiL iTia^de oi}vd I^y^ittaM d'ttiit*t 
fVK ttn•i*\i^^inhi. M, firfwei Ti'ho4la p^ r<;COiiliftLtrA 
rftjmotdfio da BruxelltS d&Tia Bro^tfUnm.'' 

Query, Wbjtt about Bmchsnl in Caden \ 


St. Mftrj'a Colliige, PEckLam. 

William Brow:*k {&^ S. vL 403).— Anthony 
4 Wood ^aye ia bis Ai}ur\n (}r.Qnim$ti (BU»s, toI. 
ii. p. 366X " In my searchea I find Lhat one WtlL 
Browaei of Ottery St. Mtiry, in Devon, ditil in rlie 
Tvioter time 3G45. Whether the i^iune with the 
pwt I am bitherto i^moraat.*' Woodward fttid 
Outfit 6x th« date of the poet'ii dc;ith ^^jibout 
H545," while the Encydop^dia Britnnmc^ {n'mth 
■ediLj aaya tbnt **ma (i:ite bus ever btren pven fot 
his death." G. F. R. C. 

Perhaps Cnrapbell, in giving 1645 na tho d;ite, 
confused nnotber Willimu Browne, who dt^d ut 
Ottery SL Mary in that yeiLr, with him of ihe 
Pajfora?*. Pri Dee ( fFor/ A i« of V~vQn) believed 
he could cot be identified vrilli thia m^n, :ind con- 
f'eawd his own inability to tccorJ where or Trhcn 
the TuTistock poet died. 

Cii. £LKi:r Mathetts. 


" Saucz for the goose," &c. (G*** S, vi. 4ftS). 
— The proverb in question ia Jotroduced by Tom 
Erownin h'n ytwMttjcints of Comber Sfitimi (iVoijt*, 
iv. J23, fourth edit. 1719) in order to ^ive point to 
a oonversatioaiil quip, thus: — 

*' Whs* ii fiawce for a, Gogbp. U Sswce fnr a Gander. 
When any Cnlaniities htf<?l tlia A^rtw^M Emnirf, the 
PagattM u»'d Id lay it to the ChiirKe of tlie Clirtatiflns : 
When Chrutiantj Iwcnme the imperinl He{ti,'ionp the 
ChriitiiPB return d the unic Coiiipknient to the I\ujii\u:* 
lo Hay'fl Coilcdion of English Provtrhi (second 
ediL, Cismbridjre, lC7t^, p. \^^) it occurs thua : 
*'That that 'fi good sawce for a ^joose is i;ood fi>r a 
pinder, Thia \s a woman'*) proverb." It ia not to 
be found in A djlkttion aj mamj ,SeUct and £.r. 
ttUtni Proverbs, by Robert OodrtoRtoo, M.A„ 
LQndon, 1G64, Uojo. Alfred Willis. 

I remember being told sorae je&n since tbjkt thia 
proverb occurs in one of the books of Atheniona, 
the B&mput of the Lfamedf on cookery, writteD 
al^ut A.i>. 2m. Marv HiNB. 


Lord Presto?^ (G** S. ti, 408},-Lord Preston 
could not be of the B,inie fiimily ns John de Preatno 
or Thomaa Preston^ as he waa a Grahnm, beiofi Sir 
created Baron Graham and Viecount PreatOBj lifay 
IS, 108 1. Tbig u nn extinct baronetcy, not alluded 
to tn Burke. A aecond baronetcy vaa emnted to 
Grftham of Netherby, Dec. 28, 1782 (Debrett'i 

Purttifi, 1805, p, 969}, the 6r»t baring 
e^ctinct before 1769, Hirovd 

A THRrajgA (G^*^ S. vl 40fi). — Boawortb, If 
hia A.~S. Did,, saya: " The ihrimsti. was aiifif 
money, or a coin about the talue of threepence 
He uJbo qaotes Lye : **" Vulebat autem trea den^^oip' 
Are Lye aod Bo^worth irrong about its Taltiel 
F. G. BiRKDBCE Tsani^. 

Groats in aiker wete first coined tn Eogksi 
about A.D. 1260, but Saxon coins of aimilar vM 
are exiant. The tlirimfa, or thrUm^f iiftaid to hm 
represented a sum and not an actual cola. 


Ai'tTJons OF Ql'ot-vtions ^VA^TCD (6** S. i^ 
388j 47Dj viL5S, 78).— ' 

"Two sfvuli with OHQ thoiiglit," he, 
?iIei;, Platt, in giTLT^jr tlifl lin'R from Der Sohm der Wi^ 
ni'ij, Uai not givf^n the BUthur'j imme. The linei 
from a Kmif in the drwiiia with tliRrl licit bj UrlIid, 1 
lifthed 1&J2. See Buchinnnn'i Grftfj'lte Worfe^ i>. lH 
Uerl., 1S7M. J^P* Uarshau« 


A Dt^tiMiarij of CAr-Vt-.Tn Bifuimpkif, Literaturt. S«i^ 
ohft Dodri'utn. EJited hy WUIium Smithy l>.Q.L,wm 
Henry U'ice. D.U. Vol. HI. {Marrfty.) 
Tjir Appeamnce of this Tohime Juit before thetilimfll 
IbH ^ear mt^rlieLj; the CfimnictLdn iT hnotber utifB ta 
tihat may be ctlled a inooumental work. Tbe irti 
vnlump, tskiriK in tljg tetteri A— ^[^^ wm pabliafaid ta 
liTi ; the 8«con'l, cDinimftLiiji^ B— Her, sppwAred ial890: 
while tlie prcjFi»t me fontinues tlj« leriei to th«endaf 
)r. Ai exncily balf tLfi alj>liBbet thu« remnin* to "bt 
provided f>-r, It » obviotu ih&t, eren vllcrwing for Iti 
litinif the 14:^9 protluctive h^tf in initial IctteTWj, gn'-'i 
economy of ipace will hnye io be obierred ir tbfl cndn 
ivork ii to be included in fuur Tolumei. The origbitl 
plikn, it may b« rTOcmbered, irui to eatnpletfl it in tbref* 
so as to range unifurmlv witlithe DictionarieiorCJimici^ 
Mytliajogy »nd i?f the bible. Many circumstuicet com* 
twined to diiturb this pltLn. Tho increase in tha *t4lf Ol 
coritrtbutora led to a itibrc tlKHr-iugh expluniiion of tlit 
iiflil a^i^ned ; the work lliu^ grew under Iheip bsodi 
Agiin^ tbe wnnt of definite bouijdarii^fl %q taarfc off* tlu 
ground covered by the Clnpi-lc^iL liictlonary on thfl oni 
eide and the Dictionary of Oirifctian Anliqmitea on tbt 
ather hun cansfd in many ttistnrc^i a twofijM haQdlin[ 
of tbe fiastia subject, to tlip tfctrim^nt of Bymmetiyuii 
conciseneea. Thu« in the Yolunis befor« tie articlM ap 
ineerted on JIi«roe1e«| jBtabltcbiiB, Lucian, and vthe 
autborfl, lAbo bftd nlteedy beeTi CuIIt treated of ia thi 
Dictionnrj of ClaMJcai I3if>g»a[iliy. But what tnuKt hav 
more than all deranged an cditor^a dream of compactncl 
and unifonaity h tho free rein th&t ci^ntribaton seem t- 
linre taken, if tre were di^poied to Ijnd any fau^t will 
what in, in so many rcflpecti, a nf>ble vrork^ it lA-oaM b 
in this retpect. There ii undoubtedly a want of tcalt 
of proportion among tbe parte. No doubt it woul 
require ■ very itrung hand, and aJmcrtt BupcThuina; 
knuwledge and foreaiicbt, (o proTtdfi ndeqnatelj fa 
thif - but Mine approiob tt> unif'^rmlty might atUI h 
p««ibl«. If le<« than ten pa£Ai niffioed for Bt. AopittiDt 
twenty ^two ceptn more tUmi enough for Hi, Jergni* 
though tUti ii modertta cwmpaivd with the fottyHitt 

'aB.3, -iSaj 



ftUolUd to tlie Emperor-Jullui. Some Utile clieck 
Italic be plAC«<J on cxKWmnrQof stj'lo, sucli u may 
trreJ in the nrticlo« on Joannes Cnppndux nnj 
Intu Martyr. Still, IheHt are bat triRm){ liIeni<B)t(>d 
>ar«d wUl) tb« ability and retearcb tverjwberif dt** 
It maj enable the reader to rorni eoina cun- 
»D of Ihe labor ioiu news of the work to be told that 
■re nn fewer than 695 articles unJer tbo heading 
tniifs alone. In fact, rtn index hiif to be placed 
le Iwiiinniiit! of thin tunK series to ku<<Io t^<* ^^* 
lldere*! inquirer. Tlie doubt muy arise ivlietber, in 
tiemptittt to girc a coniplflto On^mattico'i CMitiaMum 
|ff tbe (irft eight c^nturicR, the editors hitve not 
■Knpted too rnucb, In kg rast an area tbe obscurer 
■■ei iDUft often elude pursuit £^t. Juliuna is noticid, 
^t not Sl Barbara. Jr^nutii*, Abbot of M&roliiennes, 
Hiears in this roliimc, but Hertiaus. a fellow abbi>t, i^ 
Hiking. But the pntient industry of ih-ne wbn hnvc 
i^unteu out tbe tnultifaiiouii nuriies in iSIansi and L« 
(^uien— the dUcorererg cf stars without number uf tbe 
third or fourth mifEnitudc— should not be left unroood- 
nited. We bare left ourdelres but little space to notice 
•he longer and more important articles. To alteinpt to 
do io would in truth be an iuvtdious a* well as a difficult 
tuk. Where all have so many merits, all should be 
Mflotioncd or none. Perhaps, for Kallantry's sake, wo 
ttre bound not to rM« o»er tbe two lady coutrihutors. 
kra. Humphry Ward and Miss Dunbar. The articles of 
the former on (Jothic historv are nf a TCry high order of 
rnorit. While on tlie Buhjcct. of contributors wc may 
mention that five fresh ones hare been •oHsted for this 
Volume— Mr. Tboross Arnold, tbe Rev. Walter Lock, 
IMr. A. C. Madan, the Dean of Canterbury, and the Rer. 
S. A. Wilson. The principle of subdifiston of labour is 
thus carried to a bi^b puint, there l»eing nearly a hundred 
and fifty writers engaged. Tbe result, while less bomo- 
^neous, cannot fail to be more complete. It may be 
»dded, in conclusion, that tbe great theological encycln- 
Ua Idited by Prof, Licbtenberger, which began in 
Une year with thie, h&s run its course more rapidly 
Itl £DgIiBh companion, tbe last of its voluntes 
Ing now appeared. We heartily congratulate Dr. 
itb and Prof. Wace, and Mr. Murray no Iel^ on 
ting so successfully accomplished three-quarters of 
Important work. 

0/ St GiWs, Cnpptegate. By the Re?. W. 

Canton. (Uoll tc 8ons ) 

DsyTox is known as a writer nn theology and '^n 

snial lubjecla ; but as far as we are nware this is tbe 

book be has written on our home antiquities. It U 

)od a <iiie that we trttat ttc may have the pleasure of 

Ling others of a like character from the tamo pen. 

history of London and its suburbs is so very vast a 

tct that it can only be dealt with piecemeal. Mr. 

Las undertaken only a small portion of it, but 

i^ihe lines Le bas marked out for himself he has 

work well. He wemi to hare made few original 

tat among mannscripti^ but lias worked system- 

Iljinthe enormous i)iinted literature concerning 

in. We have no rigJit to blnme an author, if he 

hti work well, fur the fact that bis biok is different 

■ome ideal of r-ur own. We should have preferred 

>rk in which ercry attainable manuscript authority 

been ]<ii<l nr>dor contribution ; but luch an tmder< 

[fng would hsve en tailed rnormnus labour. The 

Lpterentiiird" IheFielland (he Moor 'contains much 

ritui inrorniHtion, new lo Qurselves, and no believe to 

eveiy one of our rtodera. That on the Plusue, 

moot of its tletflils ure wtfll known, gives a truly 

picture, Huw it was that (he human race con- 

'lo esiat at sU in the sttite cf filth ly which the 

people in largo towns were surrounded surpaaet oor 

undsr^tanding. It »er>mi that one of tbe churchyards 

in the pnrisb had in Idtl.'hwoine 91 blocked by the bodies 

of the dead that thf^ surface therein wa« ratted, »o that 

a new tier of corpses might be liurieil abuve tlitiee already 

interred. This >• an Intcrrsltng f^ct. for it belpe to 

explniii why in so ifwny place?, especially the church- 

>ard« of towns, the surface Is there so much above that 

<if the Rurrounding gruUT.d. There is eTidenco that a 

similar plan for econimiistug 'pace w»s udupted in the 

churchyard of All Saints', I>erby. 'J'h?re ii an amusing 

account of a school for young thieves, kept by "one 

Wntton, a gentillman borne." in tbe reign of Queen 

Elizabeth. We knew before that the conluKsated churcli 

Koud* were put to vile u*t». but it baa been somewhat of 

a sun>cis6 to learn that a '' sacring bell" was used tn 

that acaflemy a* a means of expa«ing tbe unskilful picker 

of pockets. The book is m isc commendably free from 

erritrs. Ic ih, haw«ver, a mistake to speak of tbe Look 

I'ailiumetit passing an Act in 1657. When this volume 

roaches a second edition it would b« well to put a note 

[p 07) pointing out that the " Colonel Rainsborough. a 

dan,;er')U8 fanatic," is not the officer so named who 

sorred the Parliament by sen and land, and who was at 

last murdered at Doncaster in the autumn of IMS. 

Though commonly Called Raintborough, the proper war 

of spoiling tbe name is Rainborowe. They were a 

Wapping family. The elder brother, Thomas, was thfr 

(Jistingui.^hcd Parliamentarian commander; tlie younger. 

William, tbe " fanatic." Concerning this latter person 

we b'^lieTe there are several notices in the Caleiular of 

the State Papers. 

The Great Lmndcitnert of Qrtat Britain and Ireland. 

By John bateman, P.R.O.S. (Tlarrisott.) 
Ma. Datkma^ has iuued a fourth edition of his Oitat 
Litndt/wn' I f. All those who have had experience of the 
tangled c^mfuston of names and figures which exists in 
the modem Domesday Itook will easily understand and 
fully appreciate the amount of hard work which such a 
compilation has entailed on the author. In many oases 
the parliamentary return has been corrected by the 
owner, *o that by this means, and by tbe corrections 
which have been made, Mr. Bateman's book is a much 
more trustworthy authority than the original record. 
It is now poisiblc, thanks to Mr Bateman. to tee at a 
glance what the total acreage of any of our great land- 
owners ii, and in what counties their properties are 
situated. The appendix contains an interesting analysis 
of the English and Welsh countiea, which waa origin- 
ally compiled for Mr. Brodnck's EHylltk f,ajul and 
KH'jUth Laiidhrdt. If the puldiilier will furgive u-% 
we must h«re enter a protect against the new and in- 
creasing practice of interleaving the pagee of a book 
with advertisements. It is true that there are orly two 
such advertitcments in this book, but we are sure that 
all readers will agree with us that these are just two toe* 

ICf'nift i"h Phitntoi>Kt'cfii CritUism, Edited by Andrew 
Seth and R. 11. llnldane. ^Vith a Preface by Kdwaid 
Caird. (Longmans k Co.) 
TutiiK are eleven contril utors to this thoughtful volume, 
every one of whom bus tnuib to »ar, Tlie *u'jecl« 
treated of are pn.verbially difficult ones, and they are 
not dealt n itb herein a merely popular manner. Tbe 
book is, therefore, by no means easv reading. Though 
cj\cU e?eay is inttlloctuilty indepon'drnt, thev are all. as 
the preface informs u», made on cne plnp. " the writer* 
of this volume nitrEC in btrlieving ibat the line of invesU* 
ijatiun which philosoi by must follow, or in which it may 
be expected to mak<.- utosC impiirtant conlrtbutions to thu 
intcll'.ctual life of uinn. is thut i^ hicb was upened up by 




K*i.t, i»ni f6rll-.e PucceiCuI prosecution of which no ort 
httn done fo much »« Hegel. To mttempt to criticize % 
ffolume auch fts t\M in the «p«^ %l onr di«po«I woall 
l« tut»ioiT7exhi^iii'.n of ranitT. We mu't content 
r.arMlvc« with njir.^r tlat vli e ill the ar:tclc« ere well 
thought out ind I owerfnMj written, we Lare teen mo«t 
imf'reHed hy Mr. Ritchie a yaper on " Ti.e RitionaHtT 
of iliitory/' and tiiht ^ 7 Mr. Kilpatrlck en '* P«uixi«in 
and the Rcligioni Con«cioa>nesi." 

Mb. CnAPLfi* Hririr P'.--Li> Cmi'-jib/, .VvDrilr^iVn*. 
anri L'/'r-'fji of (hi Co^i't^ 0/ Sl'fj'ir'i tK wr.^yi C*). ■ i* a 
utcfut !itc!e hook. There are no ftart^ln; theories in it. 
andptriiipi rot n-.uch might rothefounielKwhere 
hf anj one «ho i>hou!d March dilit^cntlr. The folklore 
of our country is scattered abont in ti.e moft ai-live^y 
placei, and iny one is doini good Krrlce who will ;;ather 
the fragTTienti together and eire them a cn-intv arrange- 
ment. Thii Mr. P'lOh has done for S:aff>ni*faire in a 
manner that will earn f'^r him the thanks of all tho!c 
who arc worktriK on our old-world Buptritittoni. There 
11 an unpleasant bahit preT.*lentamoDgthe balf-eiucated 
of auertinf^, inieaaon andont of seas^'fi, thatweareinall 
reipcctii wi>er and better than cur forefaThen. Corrc- 
■ponderiti of " X . k Q/' bare more than once proteste 1 
againat thii form of Tanitj. There hu, howeTer. been 
% marked improTeroent in •'•me refficct*. We do n'-'t 
treat our bwer animali with the wanton trutalitr which 
it pleaded our forefathers to cxercife. It wems that in 
the middle ag's on a certain occuton at Tuthury it wai 
the cuntom to turn loose for iftort "a lull iiaring hit 
hom«, f:arii, and tail cut off, hii body hetmeared with 
Moap, and his nose filled with pepper." We trust there 
H no place in Britain where amuvement could be derired 
from such an atrocity now. 


recent annual report of th^r Council includes an account 
of tlie npread of the free lihrary moTcment during the 
iMt twelve monthi. Wliile London is still worn off as 
regardi popular lihraricn than any other cifilized city in 
the world, and although Edinburgh, Glasgow, Dublin, 
Hull, and Tortemouth are also without the boon of a 
public library supported by all and open to all, satis- 
faotory progress has been made in other parts of the 
country. The mont im^K^rtant erent of IbS'i was the 
nd ptlon of the Public Libraries Acffl at Belfast on 
>'i'r<*rnhi'r 8; the munici|«I ctuncil of Shrewsbury also 
atloptf-d them, and a meeting of Fleetwood ratepayers 
drclared in their farour. Efforts are being made to 
obtain public libraries for Hastings and Gateshead ; and 
at OUsgow a meetinf; wns held on November 22 to secure 
a life in preparation for a hoped-for librarr. Bereral 
new public libraries were inaugurated in 1882. the moit 
notable being those of Birmingham and Newcastle. 
Others were also opened at Ht. AU>ans on January 24, at 
Ifevonport nn FehnMir fi, at Cardiff on May 'M, at Run* 
corn on July 0, and at Peansgate, Manchester, on April 6. 
The foundation stone of the new building at Preston was 
laid on Hoptember Ct, and on the 23rd Sir P. Coats handed 
over thn now buildings erected br htm In extension of 
the PnUley Library. Turning from rate-supported to 
Toluntarv lil-rnrio*, the Council mention the maugfura- 
tion of tlip free litirary at Aahton on March 25, and of 
the Maefarlane Free Library at Btirling on June 10. The 
fonndatinn stone of a new library at I«eek, the gift of 
Mr. J. Nicholson, was laid on SeptemlMr 11; and the 
library foniuied at Wycombe by Mr. J.O. OrifBts was 
hftndad over to the Inhabitants on November 2. Unfor- 
tunately th«r« Is but little to mt at to Tiondon, ezeept 
that at llaekner an attempt Is b«mg road* lo reopen the 
quMtlon. Tttlekenham, faowartr, dtoldtd on F«biwy S6 

tn ai^pt tbe Acts: EaZie; haj f:ujwcd the face coarti 
■ir.c« ue ierae of thii r«;<rt ; anl ti.e result of the poll 
at Brentf:rd will h« known in a few day*. U may be 
added tLat Mr. H. R. Tedder, Ubra-ian cf the Athensenm 
Clu^, is now the secretary of this Azecciaiion. 

OcR friend Mr. J. P. Edmcnd, AVcpiccn, has for aime 
time been scccmalating collecctccs f<:ra cene'al liblio* 
z^a^'hy of Aberdeen pull:cat:':r.i. He Troroset to issue 
in farts that port:on of hii maMR.kl which inclades the 
per;- d extf'ndinz from the mtrc-d'ictt-tn of printing into 
A^er!een by Edward Ratan in U'2'J to the appointment 
f-f James Chalcers in l^i'i. The titles ar.d coIUtions of 
Eiward Raman's looks printe-i in Elinbur^h and St 
Anirews, where he worked at Lli ciliinz before setting 
up i.i^ prefs in Aberdeen, will aI>o be given. 

Mf>3T5. Tcbds, Br.-XK, k CK5.T«Tjit. cf Manc1:eiter, 
arc about to issue a new work by Mr WlIiari E. a. 
Axon, a vv'.ume of L^ncafhlre pteaning*. in which 
vari>vj9 joints in the Liitrr, biocnphv. archse -loiEy, 
ani folk-I>re cf the County Palatine will be «et forth. 
Nancj Cu*.l«r ia Lancashire l';n;ih 6ed-\ SLak^peare 
and Lancafliire. the Lancashire Plot, an I r*eor,:e Fox ia 
Lancashire ar«^ amongst the •u>J;:cti to be treated in the 
volume. A comfanioit vol'jme of Cheshire gleanings 
will he issued at the same time. 

TiiEKE is row apfcarir? in the Oi.'tmtir Jourr.-il % 
eerie* of i.ocei * n the m - numental Vra.«se« in the churches 
of Gloucesterihlre, from iLe pen cf Mr. Cecil T. Davis. 

finXitti to Carrrtf)ian0tnt4. 
Wt wKj( call special attention to the/othvinff notica: 
Oa all communications must he written the name and 

address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, bat 

as a guarantee of good faith. 
We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. 

K. II. B.— By "ana" is usually understood amuiiDg 
mlKelUnies, consisting of anecdote?, traits of character, 
and incidents relating to any person orsubjecL Vour 
question as to right of translation touches on legal points 
tliat could hardly he discussed in our columns. 

G. W. MAIL«UALL.—We shall he happy to forward a 
letter from you to the correspondent referrel to. 

M. Howard {" Kickname •*).— Mr. Palmer seems to 
coincide in opinion with Prof. Skeat; see the latter's 
C'oitcift KtyYiwhtjfical Dieiionarif of th4 Engtifh Langnaye. 

R. F. De Salts (" Pouring oil on troubled w.iter8 *'). — 
Sec " X. Sc Q ," C'l' S. iii. 09, 252; iv. 174 ; vi. a77. 

G. WALLProLE {"Comin* thro' the Rve'*). — See 
" :». k Q.." fi'i' S. T. S7, 116, 150. lUl, 309, S50. 

L. L. II. (St. Lennards-on-Ses).— May we forward tbe 
Thonilinson and Jackson pedigrees tu our two oorre- 
ipondents I 

J. N. (« Pilgrim's Progress, Part III.").— See^K.&Q.," 
5«> 8. ix. 36, 218. 

J. W.— The last decade of the eighteenth century. 

SnAxancE.— Richard Lovelace, To AUheafrou Pviton, 

J. BjtXTTEN.— Bespoken. 


Editorial Communications should be addressed to " The 
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nanleationf which, for any reason, we do not print; and 
to tUi rule wu can make no cxeeption. 








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iNE-FOUllTH of lliDst! MifTcrin^j r»oin lilinJness 


',' ^.ir*-'-- .1, ^l,1■,,- ■■\.i: M.. «r.r * ~l i^n.:! n..l 
iti'r that iiij I Jill niuld bAT« hr«n «o tniiih lm> 
Kt inr ■(« TJ. 1 c kf) uitw md tt>« amklttft rf^o'i 
from catiriet oo tt>- I'l.-liC > s- " ^iKultr ('•; in*-- 
vww •»•.■, lU'i . M.D. i J. I I 

inf U'ftlec; Veo. Arcr.di&eui 
Irtotwood: tb- Ktr. M,. 

mt>.li-..1. ..f c.-\,^Ti VI r 1 _^: : ,„,. 

i d(r«ct tniD tiim ftt bti r<.ai- 

ftrn S, No. lOJ. 

at*. eM>), pnc« to Stihwtlbcn. Sn M.; poit ftM. C| M 

lt«l.rj«n'l I (Hi'riiu Ilv R r CHKSrEH WATEK\B V 
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PriaUd (tartlM Anlboc. S7. TbdGrot*, Ilftmntrcmltfa, W. 




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}'.v. i: >v flnt T«r>r.' t T" 

I ffT. Itil; 7. 11. 
I ' ' I '. l'i'(DII4DCMt>r ' 

r 10.1(1 Urn.- 1'. • . 



< 'jrreat Amoqi 
Fitiikm, s.nil I lit 

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!i«rtf 'thff 
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Ulut aui UrtsI t hi-ailfflitri 

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II, MonreU Attett, W. fiUbtirtbctl l«!l 



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Ptrfaoier to Q.H IL Ibf Prlnceve u( \T»lu, 
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ESSK?. PUTTICK k SIMPSON beg to an- 

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K e. d. 

£. a. d. 

£, a. A 


•SO 9.1, 

41 U 1 

117 IS 1 

fS IB 9 


d<l U S 

»l 17 1 

93 8 S 



46 13 7 

a4 4 4 

19 19 ■ 


4li 14 11 

711 J3 11 

10 T .1 


£!8 6 8 

hi a Id 

83 fi 8 

11 ti fl 


7i 8 3 

101 16 e 

3 13 ft 

'SItllnntlrTnd to 

£3-19 8 3 

£JI3S 1-1 7 lfulurfl|troflU. 

Aatiiiulnft future pmHta nr« ni Inr^ Cwlilcli inly b« con- 
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■W. 14r. 

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dad Irn.xathrrrd brratta. aud ecrofbtooe enrea theeo are mulB« 
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cNpFr)fO':fr'J their ii'<riTa11i'J p >w<r ot« ibcae coftplaiata, and wh* 
bare t<ecQ raiMd from prottrste htlplemeee and a eondilloa Inatb* 
aam« to Ibemaalrea atii atLcri. ren-lsra it 'lulte UDOWeeaary to enlanta 
In Clili plaee ofKio their fitfaorit'narjr rirtiim Tb« twrte aflKW 
itaonld b« bathed vtth lukewarm water, and wben (he p'lrea a<a 
Ibereby eneoed tbo Ololmcnt abonld 1>« well rubbed In. at liait twtca 
a der- It le alwan adriaahle to lake ItoUewaT'a FIIk to Ibeae die- 
Drdfr*,ai the«Kr'«tl)raaaiat the OiatnMat'a action. The fllb cbMk 
the fevrr aoo TnHaouDttkoa, Ftuiff ibe blood, aod ^)«at all moibid 
matter from the erittm. i 




CONTENTS. — N* lfl3. 

'HiTK.^!— TTn^4ln'4Tr»niUtioB nf th« Boole ot Cetutii, lOI — 
T>i " ' ' : - V lo. lOi— Book! PubUihadMd»olil on 
• 'I tOS-An Oxford Jeu ilEspiit. 10(— 

>-. ..^»lry-KoIlow«riof "X. 4 Q.,' 105- 

lUii nc vi;ar — tir«i;,:*Lnr llrftcket— Dp. Sprat— Aa AUnutirs 
WouMB -Aoother Wrinkle for UaU 8hoU — A SlD<alw 
trror, loij— Team, lo;. 

<it;R(llR3:~Zaoch'i Bo«OD Towar near Wokiof— Banwr 
MUsal-"Regicu of Antirerp"— DeDham FAmllf— Cbaoite 
of Ct«t. 107— Kyot for Ait—" Life, Demth. m<l Variable 
rortiinct." *c — K. (>oa^— FrfrDch Pr«i>oiiIUoD 1— " Lead. 
KIniltr LlEht^— Or. Bavbone'i CotlecUooi— Trial bf the 
Cruii— Book of Copper-platfli by liauchar— Folk lore nf ibe 
LonklniT i^lau. lOS-FoKelgn AUneral Wtian- Doan Famliy 
— Autl) )r« Wanted. 100. 



ropet Chair, 110 — The Marahalfl of NftpoleoD I. — Hole 
Family. lll-Faiten Tneadaj— E. Tilney-Krlepapiel. 112- 
.loan (if Arc— Barton-tiiiiiar-Nee<l»ar\] — SIlpi in " Ivatitiot," 
113-I>i< Sonne- *illdart of Liverpool— Ttgden of Moalej- 
II«I1-T. Tliarlftod- R Reyner— Wln'lyliftDk family— Tre- 
acoti men t— Barons too BartooiiciQ-L Yates. Ill-Sir W. 
He'lKea— £ovlied \>nlon of New Testament — " Munlh'i 
*nlod '— " A Llturity," Ac. — W»nlrol>e, 1U'>— Barnataple 
Ulifjrch — C'batterton's WriUoffS— Eraitniu on Klulnp , 1 10 — 
A VoikiliVro BaylDK — UbrarlM li Charchei — Hookeii 
■• Araatirta"- '* FamllUilty breeds coDtempt*"—"' Double" 
lloDaitartm, 117 — Spanlih Prorerbs — '•ForinUotii coo- 
conna of atomi"— Cbarlei 11. 'a ilidlnff-placM- Bemafkable 
Comet — >^>atluK— Metrical Date— EI. Marten— Hope grown lo 
KMex— "Tie Battaifly'i Ball." lli»-Aalfaon Wasted, 119. 

NOTES OS BOOKS:— aic«terWatara'i"P«riih Re^aten In 
England"— firowu'fl **L*w of Kcutralc Order "- P*til ■ " lu- 
clw'l aoil Btpnlcbral ftlabs lo North-Wcat Somenel "— 
Wllmot'Btutoo'i " Eofltnb Palolon," Ace 

VoUoM w Corre«poiMl«Dtj. 



W. Tyndftle lraii«lftt«d the fife books of Moses, 
vhioh were printed in different types and pab- 
lUhed iPparately. When bound together they are 
cftlled Tyndale's Pcatateucb. tbouijb there u no 
general title to these books. Of the Book of Genesis 
there wu publiabed one in 1230, in 1534 a second 
rdition Having examined the different readings 
in these editions, it may interest some of your 
readers that they shonid be recorded, with a 
bibliographical description of each edition. It 
does not appear that a i!eoond edition was pub- 
lished of any one of the other four books of Moses. 
The Erst edition, " 1630 the xvij dayes of 
January." maj be thos described from a copy in 
oy library. 

C.jllation.— The size of the volume is Sto. The 
r«am wires are down the leaf. The title-page is, 
" The fynt | boke of | Moses called ] Genesia," 
vilhia an ornamental woodcut border. The sig- 
nVtues are in eights ; the last is L, baviog onTy 
7 iMfW, making 11 sheeta. ^7 lenves. 

Ortnt«DU.— The title, On the rererse, " W. T. 
t** lb* Reader/' 7 psges, which is mostly a defence 
of bis tmnsUtion of the New- Testament ; ** A 

prologne ahewinge the use of the scriptare," 8 piges. 
These fill the first sheet, 16 p^ges. The text 
bexias folio 1, signature 6 1, ending on the recto 
of folio 70, Oo the reverse, "A table expounding 
certeyne wordes," 5 pages, ending on the reverse 
of L 7 with this imprint^ ** Emprented at Malborow 
in the Ian | de of Hesse | by me Hans Luft; | the 
yere of onre Lorde bc. | axcc. xxx. the . irij | 
dsyes of Jana | ary." In the margins there are no 
contents, and there are very few notes. Only this 
one is repeated in the second edition, at ch. xxxU. 
ver. 9, '* Prayer is to cleve uuto the promises of 
God with a strong fuith and to beseech God with 
a fervent desire that he will fulfill thera for his 
meroy and trnth only. As Jacob here doth." 
There are no contents before the chaptera. Ther» 
are 31 lines on D i, a full page, and the page of 
print measures 4} in. by 2} in., not including 
the betdline in either case. The headline la 
generally thas, ** Chspter," and the number of the 

Thi Stcond Edition, 1534,— This votnme is 
descnbed from a copy in the D.iptist College 
Library, Bristol. 

Collation.— The 8iz9 of the volume is 8to. The 
seam wires are down the leaf. The title is, 
"The arste | Boke of Moses called | Genesis 
Newly I correctyd | and | amendyd by | \V. T. | 
MD.xxxnn." There are four woodcuts — on one 
side the Tablea of Stnne, on the other the Brazen 
Serpent, at the top the aacrifice of Isaac, at the 
bottom Moses and the Kod Sea, The eignatares 
are in eiebts, A to L, 11 sheets, occupying 88 
leaves. The last of A is folio 1; the last leaf 
folioed is 61, L 8, These, with the first 7 leaves 
not folioed, are Bd leavea. 

Oontente.— The title, the reverse blank. On 
A ij begins " Vnto Ibe reader | W. T," 11 pages, 
ending on A 7 recto. The address to the reader 
difl;ers from that in the first edition. It is chiefiy 
a recommendation to the reading of the Scriptures 
"to open our eyes, & to make ua underetand 
and feel wherefore the Scriptnre was given that 
we may apply the medicine of the Scripture every 
man to his own sores." The text begins on A 7 
reverse, ending on the reverse of folio 81 with 
" The ende of the first boke ofl' | Moses called 
Genesis." In the margin there are throughout the 
book notes and contents. This note is placed si 
ch. iii. ver. 14, " A covenant that Christ which 
came of Eve and was her seed, should overcome 
the power of the devil, and deliver all true believers 
In Christ and haters of the devils works, from all 
danger of satan, of ein and of hell." There are no 
contents before the chapters. There are 30 lines 
on D 1, a full page, the psge of print measuring 
4! in, by Sj in., not including the headline in eilher 
case. The' headline is generallj thus, "Genesis" 
on the reverse, and " Chapter " and the number on 
the recto. 




























10. 10. 


11. 9. 

12. U. 
IS. II. 

14. 6. 
16. 3. 


16. 2. 






18. 10. 




to flee oTcr the earth 

this is ones bono 

of both them 

take alfl) of tbe tree 


gotten & man 

if thou doeat well 

if thou doest eTill 

and bcKftt sons 

and died 

Henoch lived a Godly 

comfort ut at concern- 
and said 
take unto thee 
I make my bond 
I make my bond 
token of nty bond 
a« Nofl wa3 awHked 
tbe beginning of hie 

from whence came tho 

PhiliitincB ti the 

and because that the 

io that ahc was taken 
so de])arted the one 

the King of Zeboim 
see to me liast 
shall be thy heir 
and Eaid uutu him 
and a three year old 

by means of her 
thou dueet me unright 

fared foul witlt her 

make my bond 

my testament ia with 

make my bond 
to be an everlasting 

so that I will he God 
keep my tcttament 


and OB concerning 

God loft off talking 
Tliat heard Sarah 
door which was behind 

stood up from thence 
if there be found 30 


GESEBrs. 1534. 

to flee abore the earth 

this ie one bone 

of both of tbem 

take also the tree 


obtained a man 

if thou d } well 

if thoudocTill 

and he be^at sons 

and then he died 

Henoch walked with 

comfort U9 concerning 

and the L^rd SMd 

take to thee 

I make my coTenant 

I make my covenant 

token of my covenant 

a^ Noe awaked 

the chief of his kingdom 

from whence the Phili- 
Btines k the Gaptorim 
and bocauso of that the 

and she was taken 
BO the one brother de- 
the King Zeboim 
see unto me ha»t 
he shall be thy heir 
and he suiJ unto him 
and a ram of three year 

by her 
the wrong I BufTre he on 

thy head 
was too cruel with her 
make my covenant 

my covenant ie with 

make my covenant 

even an everlasting co- 

that I will be God 

keep my appointment 







and concerning 


God left talking 

and Sarah barkened 

door behind 

and Abraham 

Btcd up to depart thence 

if there be found SO 

Cotham, Bristol. 

Francis Frt. 

{To le eontinutd,) 

Mr. Raasell, in his hiatory of this family, pub- 
lished in 1881, at p. 396, calU Oal. Haijt, to 
whom the late Misses Haig left the property, ** tbe 
present npresentative of the Bemersyde family.'' 
Id a tabular pedigree, p. 432, and in a fuller 
account of the Haigs of Clackmannanshire, p. 448^ 
he is shown as sixth son of Robert Haig^ 
who wss third son of John, the second son 
of another John, who was second son of James, 
the third son of George, whose grandfatiier, 
Robert, was resident at St. Ninians about 1630. 
Of this Robert we shall have more to say; bat 
surely the claim to representation is rather a 
singular one, ss Mr. Russell's own statement shows 
some dozens of persons belooging to Col. Haig^ 
family who are senior to him. The main line of 
the Haigs floarished at Bemersyde in an unbroken 
line till the time of James Haij?, who succeeded 
in 1602, married Elizabeth, daughter of M'Dongall 
of Stodrig, and in 1616 was father of eight sons 
and two daaghters, and had afterwards two more 
sons bom to him. He eeems to have been con- 
stantly in financial difBculties, and among hia 
creditors was his youoeer brother William, a snc- 
cessful lawyer, who held the office of solicitor to 
KiDga James L and Charles I., but died, an exile 
from his native land and without issue, in 1639. 
In 1610 a transaction took place which Mr. 
RusEcU seems to have misunderstood. The laiid 
disponed Bemersyde to his brother, but under re- 
eerration that it was to be " bolden by the said 
James." That this was merely as a security for 
an advance of money is shown by William on the 
foUowinp: day taking out letters of inhiUtion 
against James to prevent his alienating the estate. 
A violent quarrel between the brothers after- 
wards took place, of which Mr. Russell gives an 
interesting account ; James brought many chatges 
against his brother, they were both committed to 
prison, and in 1616 the laird actually challenged 
the lawyer to trial by combat, but this monatioos 
dael was not permitted. James went abroad in 

1618, and died in Germany apparently in 1623. 
His son and snccessor Andrew is dearly showD 

to have succeeded to the estate, which waa not 
really in possession of Mr. AVilUam Hafff, aa Mr. 
Russell supposes; in fact, Andrew, on De& 14^ 

1619, being then evidently fiar of Bemersyde, in- 
terdicted himself from selling, wadsettingi or 
offensive intromitting with his lands without the 
advice and consent of his nnclev, Alexandflr 
M'Dougall of Stodrig, and the said Mr. WHliAiS 

Andrew was dead in May, 1627, when hb 
" brother and heir, or at the least appearand haEr»* 
Robert oonsented to a transfer of oertaia bondi t» 
Lord Hay of Yester. Thii Bobeti U nU«d t» 
be ancestor of OoL Haig, bat of Ui Utatfty 

«ft8. VII lfia.10, 'OJ 



irith Robert Haij; at S^ Niol&oi no proof U 
i'ir<ired, and such proof ia certainly Dr|;entlj re* 

Mr. Roaiett girea three Tarjinif aoeoanU. At 
PL 176:— 

*' Rolxirt, the teo4n>1 »on. whois Tiottility t<i hij nncle 
William hi.1 been ftlreadjr remftrkeil, IiikI prohaht^ taken 
pervicfi iibL<tit 1023 fiitb the Birl of Mar u ■ g^ntlemKn 

l* 18i— "Robert therefore thortlj ftrtflnrarJa an*] p^t- 
s'^tf Uking atlranta;;'? of an offer mailo to him in thif 
eiiierifrnry by the E«rl of )[ar. quitted B«niertyJe and 
HUl<r<l (Jowrt on thnt noblemin't c4Ute of Throik m iho 
jtariah of ±)t Niniatii, Scirling^htre." 

p. 221.—" Robert, the second eon» hid patitd into the 
•^rrlee of th« Enrl of Mar and wai now |iermaneiitlj 
•ettled At Throik." 

P. SPf'.— 'Thii Robert Hatg, ai wae I<»rgely the c»« 
with the younger eons of the centry in iho»e dayv, de- 
voted hiiiiMlf to agricultural purtuiM." 

All this is TSgue and theoretical, and the state- 
ment iu the ^enealo^y preserved at Bemersyde, 
oomplled in 1600 by Obadiab Uati;, then resident 
there with his uncle Anthony, Iho lainl, ooupletely 
demolishes the theory of the Ideatily of the two 

Anthony of Bemersyde in 1690 was a roan in 
Idle prime of life, son and heir of Darid of Bemer- 
•yde, the brother of Robert He, as bead of the 
bmily and resident on the estate, must surely hare 
had means of knowing with certainty whut be- 
name of his uacltfs, and whether any of them left 
deaoendants. Yet he allowed and helped his 
aephev to compile a family history, in which it 
is stated that Robert and seTeral of his younger 
brothers after their motber'a seoond marriage went 
" to the B jhemian wars in 1C30, and there sap- 
posed to be lost." 

Thus DAvid, the seventh son, cim3 into posses- 
non of Benierayde, and in his marriage contract, 
1JJ3<J, is deei^inated David Hai(; of Bem^rsyde. 
Anthony, in a letter written in 1601 to his eldest 
son, BATB, *' All the earthly honour yo and I can 
pretend to is that we are corned of the house of 
Bemprsyde, and are the rfjuisenUtt Ives ot out noble 
predecessors." The account above given of the 
Heath of U'>bert and his brothers was printed in 
DotigWs JJitTonage, 1708, and it is oniy very re- 
cently that a claim has been set up by the Haiga 
of rincktnannanshire to descend from that Robert 
who they say was disinherited by Mr. William 
Haiff, who wade over Bemersyde to Dtfcvld. the 
•eventh son. What William really seems to have 
()ooe was to make over to the right heir certain 
bonds or wadsets. 

If any proof exist that Robert, resident at St. 
NioianB, was the heir in lfi36 it is certainly not 
IflreQ in The Haigi of Bimertydt. Inquirbr. 



[ConchtJU/nm 6^ 8. Ti. 533.) 

The following are some undated pablicattons of 
T. Norris: — 

The CarUnd of Lorn CntfUnesc In Four Parte, 
Conoludin^ with other thinf^ worthy of Not«, Licene'd 
acoorjiii^ t'» order. London. Printed by and for T. tlie Looking Olaaa un London Ilrid^c. M.d., 
Sto.. 4 learee. 

Th« Oxfurdahire Garland. In Thre« Parts. Printed 
for Tho. Noma, kc. N d., 8to., 4 learea. 

Tbe MiefiherU' Kvlendcr; or, the Citixen*« and 
Country Mati e Laily Cotnpani m, kc. London, Printed 
by and for Tho. Norris, Ice. N.d., ISmo.. 3 pp. 

England'* Witty and Ingenioui J«-ft«r. Bjr W. W, 
Gent. London, Printed by and for Tho. Norna. S.d., 

William GrifTOond'e Downfal, London, Printed by 
T. Xorris. at the Lookint: Qluai on Lond>>n Dridge. And 
•old by J. Walter in liigh Holbuni. ^t.d., a ftheet witU 

two OlllB. 

The Fiiherman'f Daught«r'« Gurland. In Thrre 
P«rts. Printed for Tho, Norri*. ic, \.d , Svo., 4 learai. 

The A'(>rt«>oua 3fHideni Gul-ind. Citrnpoeed of Tbrea 
Pleaunt and fieli^hKul New Monpr PriDlcd for T. 
Nurria at tho Loukiiij; Glass ou London Bridge. N.d.« 
Svo., 4 iMTefl. 

The Pulitick Sailors GarlanJ. Conipoi'd of TUres 
Delightful New Song«. I^rondon, Printed for T. Norris, 
&c. Nd.,4<ro. FL>ur leaven. 

The I^ndy's Sorrowful Garland. Conipos'd of Three 
Excellent New Sonp. Printed for Tbo. Norri«, Sic, 
N d., 8t*>.. 4 leaTci. 

Fair ClorifiJfti GarUnd. Compoa'd of Four New 
SonK*. Printed bv T. Norria,&c Sd., Svo., 4 leave*. 

The Weepini; dwain« Garland adorn'd with 4 Now 
SonK*. Printed hy T. Norrl*. A:c. N.'I.,8vo., 4 leaToe, 

}Gc>t. The mnai Excellent and Famoun Uistory of the 
most R-::nriwned Knli^ht, AmaJii of Greece, tuniam'd 
the Knight of the Burnint; Kword, eon to Liavart of 
Greece, and the fair Onotaria of Trflbisond. Hoprt* 
sentinj; hia Kdocation in th« Court of Kinji Majcadin, 
his c^in luerinp of tho Ocf-.-mlcd Moitntain. his C'Unbat 
with hii Grandfather the KoiptTor li)*i>landiftn. hit kiU- 
inK Tran ialon the Ciclops, sod falling In love with 
Lucclla dttuRhter to Alpatracy King of Sicily, his arrival 
in the lile of An<enei, where bo put an end to the En- 
ch»ntment« of Queen Zirfea, hU uatating hia Grent- 
Krandfatber King Amsdls in tho lalanJ of the Great 
tiioladen, and in roirpcot to hitn. t»kinK' on himself (ha 
name of Auiadis of Greece : ToRclhL'r with tho high and 
nobic Entorpriaes of hia Ci.«*n Luccncio, Oradamsrt ton 
to the Kinir of the Giant's laland, Birm»rt^« eon to the 
King of Spain, and many other Noble Knighti and 
GallAnt Lndiea; all no lesa useful than pleasant. Humbly 
addrest to the Beautiei of Great Brittain. By a Person 
of tjuality, Licentod nccordinK to order. Printed for 
J. Deacon at the Aogel In Outlt«pur Street without 
Newgate, and J. Blare at the Looking Glass on London 
Bridge. 1694. Sm. 4to.. 220 pp. 
A writer in the Brit. Bibliographsr, says that tho 
above is u translation of the seventh book of tbo 
AmadU dt GunUt but by whom executed he does 
not know. 

Ifjgo. The Famoua Hiitory of the Seven Champions 
of Chrietendom. ke. The Third P«il. Lori-lon. Printed 
for John at tbo Bluck Uoy on London Bridge. 16w, 
4tQ., black letter. 





CiiTiii'* ar.lic:Etr nf L'.Tf, Bj Kicli6r4 Cnm« I, 
Printrd 1-v J. >I. iK>r W. Tb.-*cl*tFi.v, and are to be kIiI 
l,f J. Bjck at il.c iiiju of ilifi UUck Doy on LooJen 

Th« lUiJen'i GiLrlwid; CunUiQitig ft Merry Diifioui-ie 
l.etwftoi MftlljcrM>a UnugliUr Uonceiming Miirriiigie; 
Toi(«tb-tr with Varielr o* ritassT^t ^*ew SongP. V^rJ 
Delirtbtful for YauTijs Men nnJ 3lai-l«. I'nnled for J- 
lUck &t the Black Bqj, on Lflr. Jon Bridge, ii*»t tUc Bniw 
Bridge, Bid. 

ICL'7. A Pantplirajfi on tlie Ten Commmdintnta ifl 
DiTine Poemi lllflitr*ted *ith twelTa Copper PlatM, 
iliewinjC how Perwnil PuTiUlinjeiiti, Lc, Ntver before 
Pririted Lieenwd according to OT<icr. Loudon, Pnnled 
anJ are ta be iold by Bteti, Tr&cT. >t lli* Thrte BiM-sa 
»iL London Bridge. 1C&7. S^'-. llulitt iByi (C«/^frfioMJ 
<mU y<,!t; l£t;7-7«> the »b*ve U & " mere «"^"e ff the 
unsold copiei of 10S8 miih [k iieiiv tUleiioge, Tiid worJ* 
• Never Iteforo Prlfjted ' are. t^f courie, a deception/ 

(ITuO.l HinJ'j ProgreiH anJ lUinblfl. Tune of liMn 
Bc6d rtyrirH. Eiiterd nccording to 'rder, London, 
Printed bj T. Xrtrrii at the Ij^okme ^Jii" t"i Londoil 
Hri.lga. And lolJ by J» Walter in High UoLborn, (Ctica 

(1700.) The Renowned Hist^trv ef the f^cren Cbampicni 
of ChriltendMin : St. fjeoreo nf Llij^land, iic, Ep-h^mlz^d 
filiewiTiE their Vftlmnt BivloHa b(.th by bea and lAriJ, 
their CoDibattPB wiib GiantiAc. Towhich saadded, tbe 
true manner c.f their DeailiB, *nd how thcj Cftme to 
bo entituled, The Seven Eainti of Ciinitendum. lllui- 
trKtcd with Variety of PictiireB. Uccnfcdr ic, London, 
Pfinttdbj Tbo. Norrii at tho Looking GIhm on London 
Bri.lg**. (Ci'rc« 17tJ00 Jto., 12 karei.p with cuti. 

(Ijfl!..) Bateinan'i Tnceily: or, The Penui^d Bride 
juftlly llcivardeJ. Being the Hiatory f.f tbfl Unfortunate 
Lcive (jf (Jermfln'i Wife and Vijung Dalemiin. Lc^ndon, 
Printed by Tlio. X.irrii Rt tlie Looking Glaifl on London 
Ilrid^je. (CVff^i 37Cfl.) Uo-J-i leHwci, ffitUcuta, Ha*- 
litt {ColkrtioHi okd Xotit, lS*;7-7ti) fsyi, " The n»rrtt- 
tlve ittelf ii in iiroK, and ii followed up by h b(ill&d« 
f'Ccui^ymg ftii ja^ei, uid probably a i^prmt (<f abroaJ- 

(ITDOO A XtVT Balliid of ibc Three Merry Duichen 

hunilnta, Prmted by T. N^orrl* at the Loe^king UlASfl« on 
London BriJjjp. (C^tiTrt 17CHJ > A ihcet, witb a cut. 

(ITOO.) The FaiBOUB and Deliialttrul Hittory of Fortu- 
natuiind liii twoSoni- Ih Two Parti, Part I, Contain- 
injr mn Account of bii XoMc Uirth...,..Pftrt H. Com- 
jpfiiEnff bii Trareli and AJTcnluici of And\ili,cm nnd 
Arnpedn. The BtTcnth edition, illuilrated with Pic- 
ture*, undinany pleasant St<*TMi iiddtd, not bt\us in the 
fNimT rmpresdi'jnB. Lond^m, Printed by und fur T, 
NnrH*» \i. (*bom 1700.) l£ir.o. Hnilitt layi, " In tbia 
erlition (be cuti are much worn. Tlui fmroDrite atwy- 
httoW iirvi licenced (oltichnrd Pield, Juno 'J'2, 161(i. ' 

17li'^. iba UnfirtUfiato COTiCubin^a, The Hutory cf 
FAir Koumohd, Miitrepi to Ht'ury IL; and Jane Bhore» 
Cducubine to Edward IV,; Kirrjj>i of En^L'Lnd. Shewing 
how tbey fame (o be ao. With Their Lites. KemarVable 
Actiorpi, and Unbnpp^ Endi. Eatract^d ffom ciiiiDtnt 
KeOTde, aud vhv. WlioU JHuBtratcd with Cutj iuiUble to 
each ijubj\-ct. L- ndnn, Pimted by \\. O, and fold by A. 
R^^ttriworlli, at ibe Red Ljozi an Loudon Bridge, ItQS, 

Arthur BeLteswcifth afterwards removed into 
Pihterooater TLaw^ vtill adhering to the sign of the 
IM Lioui and there took into partticr&bip bla «od- 
iD-lav^ Charles Hitcb, who succeeded him, Di«d 
JuDA 5, 1739, aod iru burkd id Eottbam CbQE«h> 

1710. A Cap of Gray Hain for a Grttn Head, bj 
Caleb TrencbfielJ. The fifth edition. LoTidmi, Printed 
for A. BclttftWbrtb.ibi;. 1710. Sm, T1:e fourth edltitm 
was pubUihed in I6&S by tsamuel ^anthip at the Bluk 
Bull in Cornbil!. 

The AmDroui Garlapd, contaitiiux Sii Lot4 HMigf> 
Frio ted for A. Bettei worth at the Ked Lyon on LaodoD 
Bridge. N.d.. Bto. 

Rich Rubin"! Garlmd, CoiAp«tcd of Four Pleannt 
New Soiig*^ Pritit«d fur A. Betteaworth at the Bed 
L^i-n on London Uridj;i:, N^d., €tOh, 

'(1720.) Kobin Hood's Garland. BeingaComplettUi^ 
tory of all tho X^^Ublc and iMerry Eiplyite, perfona'd 
by him and hij Men on divere oecaiionL To which ar» 
RddcJ, Tlire? Oiigintil Son)!"' ^^- Lcriidon. Printed for 
Jnmei HodKei at the L«olting GImi» orer ag^nit St. 
MBgnuB Cliurcb, I*ondon Bridge, {Circa 1720) lima. 

Kftbin Ilo^.d i Oarliuid, being a Coinpteat Hiitory of 
all the Notable and Merry EiploitA performed by hira 
and hiH men on diver* occwion*. To wbicb tre bddcd 
throe oriKitial songi, wbicb \i*.ve not been prinlcd in any 
edition for upwarda of an hundred yeain, 12ij]0, Frintvil 
for Jamei Ilttdnei, at the Looking OlaBi,orer agajnit ^t. 
Ma^iuA Cburcb, LoudcpD Bridge. Zf.d» (F^rey Bi-c.^ 
T. 2H.p. 1&(. 

17'J1. "IheXew lltlp to DiKOUTie; or.Wit andWirlh, 
Intermikd with more Seriooi Matterf ; Conuiting iTr 
kc, by VV. W., Gent. The eighth edilion, with many 
Additions. London^ printed by T. Noiria al the Look- 
izkE Ola»i on LonJon Brid^fe, and Sold by Peter Parker 
and moat Bookeel I era, 1 ril . 12ai a, , 6 leavef . 

The Hiitt^ry of the Ever-Renowned Kuiuht Dqq 
Quixofe de la ^^lancha. Contaiuing hl§ many liVonderfiil 
and Admirdble Atchievfrnenta and Ad?cnlureii. With 
the Plo:iiant HumourH of his Tniily 3<juirB 8anch> 
Panclm, BeinK Tcry Comical and Diverting. London, 
Printed bjy and for W. 0., and Suld bv il, Qrcenat the 
San nnd Bible an London Bridf^e. N.d ^ ^t^- 

Uorinders G^rkiid. CompopM of Five BiceUent Xow 
Sopgs. Printed for M. Hotham on London Bridge. 
Ef.d,, 8to., 1 learcs. 

Tho Vitioni of John Bunyanp beiaj: hh Lui Heirainr* 
Oiling an Accrount: of the Gb^ri^B of Heaven and lb9 
Tcrro» of Ili-ll, and of ih« World to Cuma. B«oom' 
mended hy bim as neceseary to le had in alt FaruiUei. 
London, Printed for Edward ^lidwinterj at the Looking 
Glass upon London Bridge. N.d., l2mo. 

Celta I Kew Garlnnd. Corajws'd of Eight New Bo^gf. 
Entered in the Starrju-Office, kc, London, Printed for 
Edw, Midwinter, at the Looking Glass on London Bridge. 
W.d,, 8to., 10 leares. Pri» one ^mjij. With a cut oa 
each tide of the !a»t leaf. 

W, G. E. Paox, 

M, Porter Street, Huir, 

Ah Oxford Jkc d'Esprit of 1648.— Amongat 
a quantity of old papers in a drnwerl ciLme ncroe^y 
Ifae othef dnj, the fgllofving fly-sheet, which wa» 
liberally circulated in th^ Theatre at Oxfotd ftt 
my first comtnemoraiLon in 1648, now nior« tbaft 
thirlj-four yeara agp. Of all those wbo war* 
present in the crowded theatre on that occflsioD) 
it may be a^ifcly said that fkt I^&at oii&>haIf have 
gaoe down into silence, yet, boTereri th« si^aib 
wiil recall the post to tho BUtriTorB, Be it i«-- 
membered that ouly a few moDtba prior to it* 
iHii« greskt political cbang«a bad occarred la 
Fnmoe, «iid Louis Philippe w» an eiile. Tbfr 


tutbor was always supposed to be Waller Wad- 
iogtoD Shirley, ihcn a scholar of Wndham Col- 
[Ir^e, n young luao of great promise, and afterwards 
iBcgias PfofcJior of- Ecclesiastical History; — 
" Lilwrty ! FrateniUy ! Eqaality ! 
"Gtizea Aoademlci&r.i,— The cry of Keforia baa been 
too long unheard. Our inTatuatcU Kulera refusatl to 
ii»ten t> it. The Vice L'li.-iDcellor has fled on honetack. 
The I'poctor* Imro reiijined tlieir unirped authority. 
The Fctmti bave fratcruiaed nitb the frienJB of Liberty. 
The UniYcriity if no more. 

" A Rejmblican Lyceum will henceforth diffuse lij;ht 
Rnd c'lTilijEHtion. Tbc ilsbdoniadul Ituard is ah^'hehed. 
TI»c LvRtsUtiTc PoworB will be entruAted to a GenerAl 
Convcntli^n of the whole Lyceum. A Prorisiunal 
Covcmir.ent bac been eitabliiboJ. 

The urideniened citizens b&re nobly deroted them- 
[mIts* to (Jbe talk of administrntion. 

(Sinned) Citizen Ctoooa (Preiident of the 
Eiccutive Council). 

Ilti'^soM (OperaLiTe). 
JunN CoaiNorus. 
WniuuTiioa ((jueen't)." 
'lie Vice Chnticollor at the timo was Vr. SymoD?, 
tbe wnrdcn of Wudhiim College, who vrns fund of 
lorse exercise, but a very bad rider. The proctors 
[irero Andrews of Exeter and Shadfortb of Unirer- 
ftity. Of the supposed subscribers to the document 
[Citizen Clough was Arthur Hugh Clough, FcUow 
of Oriel College ; tho second wa.s the well known 
tutor of Exeter College of that day, William 
6ew«ll ; CoBsoni (operative) was the porter of 
Brasenose Collei;e ; John Coningtou was then a 
B.A-, Fellow of University Colle;,'e ; l*ut who was 
meant by Wrightaon (Queen's) I cannot say, un- 
less it was the Rev. G. H. S. Johnson, many years 
tutor of that college, a prominent reformer, and 
afterwords Dean of Wells. A coming Koyal 
CommieeioD was then beginning to be talked 
about as a probability. John PkkforDj M.A. 
Ncwlourne Rectory/Woodbridge. 

An ExTijiCT OBDEn of CmvALHT. — The fol- 
lowing paragraph, from the DaiUj Xiws of Nov. 
21 f 1HS2, should have the peroiaaency of 
"N. &Q.";— 

** In an interesting notice on French Orders of Chiraliy, 
pait and present, a writer in tho Journal des DrbaU 
menttoni ieveral vthich bore the nnmc^ of different 
actimulu, tuch as the Orders of the lledgehoj:, of the 
Doft anr) Cock, of the Dove, of tbe Boar, of the Lion, and 
of the Honeybee. The last named has a rery cariotu 
btsUiry. The racdal of cbc order had on one side a hive 
with tbe motto, ' Ptcolasi, iTia fa pur grari le ferite* 
{'8m&ll, no doubt; but it infliotiaatmrp wound '); while 
dt-on the rererse were the bead of the Duchesse de 
Mait>e and the followini; inscription in capital letters, 
' Anne Marie Louise, Baronne de Bceaux, dlrcctrice per- 
pctuelle de rOrdre ue la Monche-fi-Micl'; underneath, 

liccaax, H Juin, 1703." This was the d>te of the foun- 
of tbe order by the Duchcise de Maine, a grind- 
Iter of the f*mou« Prince de ComJc. whoM husband 
>a*ed the Cbilteau de Sceaux iu 1700. The fiudietfi, 

rho wns very font of ainii'^eir.ent4 and ceremonial, luada 
tteaaus the rcndeiTOus of the most brilliant wits of the 
day, and in 1703 she instituted tUii order of chivalry, to 

which persons of both sexes were cliKiMo. Tho members 
of tha order were expected to ap]>ear at all the enter- 
tainments pren at aceaox. the men weai'in^ a tiicht- 
fitting costume of cloth of gold sprinkled with silver 
bee<, and a head-dress made to imitate a htrc ; while the 
costume of tbe ladles consisted of a dress of {treoa satin 
embroidered with silver bees, a mantle of cloth of eold, 
an'l a dindom formed of emerald bcce. The oaUi of 
fidelity which bud to t>e taken by each new member was 
a» follows :— * I sirear hy the bees of Mount llymettua 
fidelity and obedience to tbe perpetual mistress of the 
order, to wear all my life long the medal of the bee, and 
to comply with the statutes of the said order. If 1 am 
false t) my o«th, may the honey turn to venom, the wax 
to tallrjir.'the flowers to nettles, and may tbehornetsand 
wnspB ftitiic my face I ' After her husband's death, the 
I>uche*s did not name any fre^h menibers; hut when 
conTcriius with Fontenelle, who, together with Voltaire, 
Marfraux, and other wit« of the time, used to viut her 
at Fc*aux, she expresseil her rc){ret that he had not been 
among her earlier friends, as she would have liked to 
have conferred her order upon him. Foutenelle re- 
marked that he would hare been ill at ease with a hive 
on bis head, as it must hare been very much in tho way 
of the chevalier and of the flower about which he was 
flitting. To which the Duchess rejoined, 'Not so much 
as you may imsgine ; for surtljr the flowers bend down 
to the kiss of the bees.' " 

Wilfred Haroiuve. 

FoLLOWETia OF " K. & Q."— The following pdra- 
praphs have recently appeared in the Ntw J'orfc 
yation, and deseire copying in "N. & Q":— 

*' .1 new imitator of Nola and Qtutits has appeikred 
at Padua— (7forfta'f degli Snuliii « Curios', of which 
the fin t number appeared in October, and the price !s 
twenty lire ($4) a year. It may be worth white to recall 
the Dtner j>jumfcls of like character. They are. so far aa 
we can rccolUct, Xotttaud Qucre), 1849-32, tho parent 
of them nil; />< iVa^orjicAtr, Amsterdam, 1&55-8- ; L'Jn- 
Urmcdiair^ d*t CJurchiurg tt CtiiioLr, Parii. lS'51-32 (No. 
347 is dated October 15) ; one published at Xadrid called, 
if we rememtwr ri>iht, El JuteriMdiario : Edncali'iiMl 
A'oCi and Qnerin (Salem, Ohio. 1875-fil); and linally 
(he lone titled Jd uctilaneoiUf LiUrary, ScUn<in'; and 
Uiiterieal Xolti. Q«#rtS5, and An*}ctrt (No. 1. Jiily, 1882, 
Msnehester, N.Il.). Every Ubrarr of any aixe has yoUt 
and Qntrits, but VJnUsTviidiairt !■ not often to be met 
with, and we doubt if holf-a-doxen libraries in tbocoontry 
have lie Savoricher and Rl liUtrmtdicrio. The Educa- 
iionnl XoUi and i}xinUs, alaa, ie very scarce in the Baal, 
A number of peritxlicnls havo a column of 'Notes and 
Queries ' {Pol'/HlUon and the Libmry Journal occur to 
us at this moment). Several libraries hang up strips of 
yellow paper, head<-d ' Questions and Anawem.' as an in- 
termediary for their frequenters. The colunm ' Ar-swers 
lo Correspondents' in numberleis journals amounts to 
the same thin?. So does Mr. Oeorge Auj^ustus yala's 
' Kchoes of the Week * in the Jt'tutrattd /.Q/.don A'fics. 
Thu* knowledge is broken up fine, its soil is made by 
iMr. Darwin's earthworms. What will (trow in it ? 

•'We must, by the way, sdd to our list of note-snd- 
qnery periodicals the fortnightly /ourJUii da Curieux: 
Revue des Curiositts liltCraircs, hiitoiiqnes, ct scienti- 
fimiee. published, brginuing in 1881, at Besanfon, by 
MM. Fermnd and Vulllemin. We maT also add the de- 
pnrtment ' Notes snd Queries ' in tbo ChrtfsanU\emum, a 
monthly maeaaioc published at yokohama, now m lU 
second volume, and a very readable publication, 

J. Brandkti Mattoiws. 

121, East Eighteenth Street, New Verk. 




A Tows BeAI/LK called " BAN-nECGAR.''— 

Krom a ref>ort fj'ttuhjrovgh Afhirtuir, Jan. £0, 
IbHZj of a very inCereaiiog lecture on "Peter- 
borough Fifty Yeara A{;o," delirered on behalf of 
the St. John's Church Institute by Mr. Alderman 
Percivsil, I extrtct the following 03 worthy of pre- 
ucivulion in "N. &</":— 

"When I came t^t the ton In 1533 th< principal 
officer in th« goTernroer.c of the city appears 1 to be the 
beadle, ile was a vtry in'p->rt;knt pcnon, and hia name, 
I think, wa4 Rawlins'. There is a beadle noir, but h<; 
ii notliing like tLc bea-ile I remember. Hi* prii:c':pal 
<Iuty vat to lee Ta^rants out of the totrn. anJ be went 
by the name of ' ban-b«p:rar.* Ue waj Ttry old, and 
waa cboKH to keep h'm cff die parish. lie made, bow- 
ever, un im[K«ing appearance in h 9 Iohk ribe. mace, 
and cocked hat. He I<K>ked Tcry nmch like o*d Scarlet, 
mod cTery beggar Le coutd see he fid,;etted tliem out of 
the town. At the q>iarter •ei8i<''n? he used t^ present 
Ilia bill, and i: ran something in tbi^ manner : ' To see- 
ing man &nlt^o^lan tu* by Stan.f<>rd Ro-id. s** rr.uch. 
To ieeiri2 two tramps and cbiil oat by Lincoln Road.' 
fcc. Tliis bill used to be p\id by the ma^iftrates. I 
oelterc be was appointed Ly tlie fcoSeea.'* 

Charles T>ickens hud iilways a pnitiality for 
beadles, nod I can fancy that he would Lure been 
pleased with that epithet " ban-bepgar." It was 
jun at date, 1833-4, that he was beginning 
to publish those t^kttcha by lJ>z where we fiud 
his de'fcription of '* The Beadle " and uliio of 
"The Election for Beadle," in both of which 
papen we >ce the beginnings of Mr. BuiuUe. 

CfTHBEiiT Bede. 

BRAorjAT oi: TJbackkt.— Mn. Tiior.oLD IiOgers 
flircs, anf«, p. :jrj, a receipt for ninin. Tliis re- 
mindn me that the writer of an able article on the 
death of King John in the Joumalo( the Archn.v 
logical Institute for 1881 corroborates the old 
Haying that " John died of eating peaches and 
■irinking new ale," and quotes an old author who 
attributes his illness to his drinking bracket ; but 
as he (the writer) is wholly unable to find out 
what brackat or bracket w:ut, be passes that by. 
This is unfortunate, for if he bad asked " N. & Q'." 
he would have found the liquor was very much to 
the point. I suppose brnggat (or however it should 
bo B|K'lIcd) is as obsolete in Lancashire now as in 
other places, so I may as well record that it was 
new ale brcwcil without hops, sweetened with sugar, 
and spiced with clovofl, and gave its name to one 
of the Sundays in Lent, as "Carlin," "Simnel," 
&c , did, those Lenten Sundays being devoted 
to eating and drinking to make amends for week- 
day fasts. Ileal snicc-brewed braggat I never 
t.'wli'd, but the ready substitute, new ale highly 
cloved, sweetened, and drunk hot, I can say was 
not to l)c dcupiscd bv those who like such fkingi, 
1 fancy it has dropped nearly out of memory now, 
and few can say they have tasted it. P. P. 

BiSHor Sprat.— The following fact may inters 
•It loue of your hemldic readers, Thomas Spmt, 

the famous BUbop of Rxhener. appears to have 
, married Helen WoUeler. of Siatfordsbire. See 
' the mooament in Wes*.n:ir.«ter Abbey to his infant 
! son George. Her arms wcr« a cross en^roiled be- 
I tweeo four talbot?. See Xeale's Wt»tminttcr 

Ahhty^ account of EUhop Sprat's tomb in St. 
I XichoJas's Chapel. From this it would appear that 
' Lord Wolseley's fan::Iy Luve not always used the 
' same coat of arms as they do now. The coat, 

however, on Bishop Spra:'s tomb is not menliuued 

either by Burke or Papworth. 

AninrR "W. Smith. 
I PS.— I: wrnld. perhaps, be interesting to know 
; if the cna^ on Bishop Sprui'd tomb is uied by any 

01 her family. 

As Attractive Womas. — If the following has 
not already found a corner in *' X. & Q ," pleaae 
preserve ir there. Perhaps some local correspond- 
ent will take the tK>uble to give the names of the 
good l.)dy*s several husbands, and so prove the 
trnih of the story ; — 

" In the ancient church rf Birdl-rook. near Ualstcad, 
EflMx, which has Just teen reopened after re»t initioii, 
there are several interertinf; monuments. The parish, 
e&Ts the Cf^tutian, l^or^^ leems to hare had a 
Ecmewhat unique reput:ition for containing at least 
two deToted wcrahi; j^era of H vmen. as on it monu- 
mental s'nb in the church a''e (he followini; inscrip- 
tions: — 'M»rtha Clcwit. of Snan Inn. at lUvthome- 
end, in this pariah, buried May 7th, H'SI. She 
wail the wife of i)ir:e hu$b»i.di coiticcutiTe'y. but the 
r.iiitb outlived her.* The entry in the register i« qu»iiit : 
' .Mary DIewitt, ye wife of nine ha?b.kads eucct Siively. 
buried eiifht orv'nt.but la«-t of all ye woman dy'd allsoe. 
and was buried May Tth, It^SI.' In the margin is wrttton, 
'Tiii^waiher fuuVraie eermon text.' The snme t^blet 
records that 'Uobctt tlntran was the husband tf seven 
wlvei BucceBSively.' "— AVA •, Juuuurv 5. 

G. W. M. 

AxoTHER Wrinele FOR Bad Siiots (sec 6*^S. 
Ti. 220).— 

" The plains of Eiiran in Persia swarm with quails, of 
which we killed great numbers around our camp. The 
Persians hunt this bird in a very curious and indeed 
successful manner. Tbey slick two poles in thtir girdle, 
upon which thcyplaceeiiher their outer coat or a pair of 
trowsers, and tliese, at a distance, aie intended to look 
like the horns of an ar.iraal. They then with a hand- 
not prowl about the lleliltf, and the ijuail Feeing a foim, 
more like a beoEt than a man, permits it to approach fo 
ncarsM to allow tho hunter to throw his net over it 
The rapidity with Mhich the Persians caught quails in 
this manner was astonishing, and we had daily brought 
to us cages full of them, whicli we bought for a trifle. 
In onn of my rambles with a gun I met a shepherd boy. 
who, laughing at a few hirls I hhd killed, immediately 
erected hia homp, and soon caufjht more alive than I had 
killed. "—Moricr's Stcohd Jvuniey thnvyh Penia, lSi2, 
pp. 343-4. 

William Platt. 

Gallii Court, St Peter's. Isle of Thanet 

A SiHOULAR ERnoR.— The " Tales of Bnkhtyar ; 
or, the Ten Vizierv," translated from the Pernan 
by Sir William Outeley, are described hy WaU« 



ftnJ AUilvtne aa ** The Tales of RiWhtyAr ; or, tht 
Ten Virginu." Wilmau Pr.ATT, 

CallM Court, St. P«Ur*ei, h!« of TLanet 


ootioe tbut many agrioultuml Ubotirers io Rut- 
UdJ, wbeo apcakin;* uf n t«aia ^o( bor»e»), dis- 
tmctly proDOUDce the word i^am as a disajllable. 



ITe mint requMt oorr««poiid6nt« 4Miring iDrorn»tion 
on fitmily mntUn of oitly privkte interest, to affix their 
nftine* adJ kdJrewea to their qDcrieif Id order that the 
»n»«rer* mftjT b« ftdJreftKd to them direct. 

Z'jrcn*3 Beacon Tower vbar Wokino. — 
Durioj; n recent visit to Oaildford my nltontion 
WA1 called to a curioai old print of tlie town and 
iU *urruuQdini(8 (of the dnte 173S) suspended ia 
tbe reidiDK room of the County And Borough Halls 
io KorLh Street. In the left-hnnrl corner at the 
top, bL^yond Stoke nnd Send, and soniewh.kt to the 
left of the line of sl^ht over the churches of those 
places, is m:irked " Zouche's Pillar." I should 
imu^'ine there is no doubt thit the beacon tover 
near Wokiotr, which is represented in Brayley's 
HuUrry of Stinei/, vol. ii. p. 26, is intende<1. It 
WAS sapposcd to biive been erected by Sii- Edward 
Z>nch, a boon comptnion of Jamea I., for the pur- 
poie of fthoffiog A light at the top to guide mes* 
seDgers over the be^bs to and from the king at 
Ciilandii. Bniyley t.ivs, in his ZJu/orv (published 
la 1611), ** Strictly f)|>eaking, this ia not a turret. 
but a small octagonil tower, surmounted 'by a 
Untern ; but it cannot now be ascenfled on account 
of its ruinous condition." Since this was written 
tbe tower hiu, I believe, been takcu down. Cm 
any of the readers of "N. & Q." inform me when 
lbi« was tlone, and aUo what was the height of the 
tower ? The mansion of tloe Bridge, in tbe grounds 
of which the tower wiu (on a bill at a small dis* 
lance to the north of the hou?e), wiia taken down 
by Mr. Walter, who bought the manor of Woking 
of the Iru'ttecsof the fumoua (or infamous) Duchess 
of CtevL>l;inJ, and another wiva erected about a mile 
dint lut from tbe site, and partly with the removed 
maleriul", by Jumet K'luch, the last heir male of 
bis family, who died in 170S. 

Bruyley gives the ipelUng Hou};h Bridge as well 
ai Hoe Brid^'e. I preaijme the original form was 
Ha(ig)i Bridi^e, the word Hautjh meaning a watery 
meadow. The place is near a tributary stream of 
the Wcy, where it pajMes a little to the north of 
the riil.ijre of Woking. W. T. Ltmm. 


T" ■ ^''^- 'Ti MissAU— Is any copy of this 
in^ to be in existence i Of course I 

ksv. li.... ..... MaskcU has printed what he sop- 

posed to be the canon of this missal from a NtSi 
noWf I believe, in tbe Britif>h Museum, but which, 
if I am nut uisluken in the book, is certainly ft 
Freucb one, and I think was found out by one of 
the librarians to have been written at Le Mans ; but 
of this I am not quite sure. If Mr. Maskell or 
any one eUe can tell your reader* of any copy of 
the Bangor MUsal, perfect or otherwi.<te, which can 
be seen, he will greatly interest many scholArv. 
Till this U (lone I, for one, nlt/igelher doubt that 
euch a book baa been diacoTcred. J. C. J. 

*'TiiE BKfinAR or A>fwKRp.'* — Can any oda 
give further information about this famoui pictura 
by &ayerii It represenla a deformed man in thp 
costume of early in the lost ceatury, a greasy 
skull-capon his head, and a ditto oocked-hat in 
his hand, a pilgrim's sluiT io tbe other, bandy leg«, 
and a dog. It ia said to be of immense value ; and 
a copy was burnt at Cowdray, in Sussex. The 
present patntiog is in a venerable Sussex bouse, 
where Cardinal Langton died, a few miles from 
Cowdray. The picture is life the, on a square 
canvas, but the costume is too modern for Snyers, 
I think. There is no mistake about a three-cornered 
greasy old cocked-bat and the rest of the dress. 
The absence of 9oap and water is beautifully done ; 
that is the chnrm of it, I suppose. There is aUo ik 
wonderfully painted dirty little girl, with an apple 
ill her paw, looking scared at the beggar. Per- 
mission to examine the painting would be given to 
a competent authority. Historicus. 

Dehham Family,— In 174C four brothers of 
the name of Denhrtin gathered around Charles 
Edward Stuart (culled the Young Pretender) 
upon tbe Tield of Cullodon. After the defeat of 
Charles, on April IG, in that memorable battle, 
the four brothers tied to the Iile uf Wight. There 
one of them remained, while the other three sought 
sufety elsewhere. The Dcnham family were alwtiys 
faithful followers of the Stuarts, and even to the 
present day tbe name of Henrietta (after the namo 
of the queen of Charles I.) is still in the family. 
A previous Denbam was also secretary to 
Ch.arles ![., I believe. I want to know the 
Christian names of the four brothers, together 
with their age^, and where tbe remaining three 
settled, and whether their descendants still exist, 
and, if so, where ; hlso, what the history and 
peiligree of the Denbam family was previous to 
IT-l'*); and, finally, their crest and motto, together 
with anything else of interest conoeoted with the 
family. Offik. 

Cn&7toK OF Crmt.— I should be obliged for 

any inforraAtion as to the rule or authority by which 
crests are or may bo changed when coats of arms 
are ditfereuccd for younger sons upon setting up a 
uew house. I h:\ve a case before me in which tbe 
origiDul crest was a pheasant's head gules, beaked 



the 1 

[ed ^J 



tad billeted or. When lir^l difT'ereuced a cock's 
head azure wfta &dnpt^ ; on another occtisiop, & 
cock's bend gules ; and on a ibird, an eogk'a heid 
ijnleB. ThftHo were nil confirmed at Bubsequent 
heraldic riaitivLioiia. But is not a change of crest 
Tcry unuBualp iT not irrepftilar? On a foudh occa- 
flion (n?iSiO f> Ken. VJII.), irbea the aroia were 
differenced by the autl]grit5 of ii gratitf the original 
crest wft9 retained, S, J. A. SiLTETL 

Eror Fon Ait,— dn i\n]r one famish instrttiges 
-of the gpelling lyol befire 1347? It would be 
interesting to discover who oci^innted thia recent 
spelling of (titf which fieems modelled upon Mod. 
Fr, iht, I know the earlier upelliDga. E. D. 

*' Life, Death, and VAaiAOLs Foktukes of 
THE Must GftAcrous Qpers; Mahy Stuart, 
QlTEEV OF ScotlamDj 15S9.'' — I have in my poa- 
BGBsioD a book thus entitled. Its atze is G Id. by 3^, 
depth H In., with 493 pag^a, Tt is n complete 
hifltory of the queen's lire, Frotu the style of 
coiupoaition I fiboulJ conclude that the nuthor 
was one closely allied to ber Majestj, Minute 
details of her \i(& and death are f^iven^ also of ber 
tria1| [ind the trinU of her noblemen, nnd their 
execution. The letter addreased from Shefixeld^ 
Not. 8, 1582, by filary to Queen Enzubeth ia 
given. Walter Uaddqn. 

KicnAEiD GoDdTi, THK Antk^uart. — ^ What 
Trere bin arm?, and what did be impiile f 

Sr. Svi'iTury, 

Tna FftEWcn PftKrosiTioN a. — I nm in ioatth 
of iufltancea in which w o-ftet a verb ctin be tin- 
tBiatakablj nnd exclnaively ideniilJed with the 
Latin prepoaition ah. Wilt any one Kelp ute f 
At.rnossE Estuclet. 


VeRSIOWS of " LbADj KINDLT LlGHT." — Will 

any couespondent either favour me with, or refer 
me to, TcrBiona in any language of tbia world- 
famed bynm ? I have, of course, seen those in 
the GnauHan. P. J, F. GASTiLLoy, 

Tpj Fimconbflrg Tcrrue, Cbeltenhim, 

Dr. Rawbokr'b CoLT.g€tioN3.—Tn the Mrtfrwa 
Bnttxnnm, of Diiniel and Samuel Ljbous, 1806, 
in the diviaion for Berka, and nndflr the bead 
•*Btickland," is the followinp nole : **Froti the 
papers of the Rer. Dr. Rawbone, wlio has been 
many yejirs ojakinp: colleclions for this parish, 
from which he hasobliifingly permitUd us to take 
note?." Will any reader of *'N. & Q.'^tell me if 
I can obtain access to tbeae papfrflj, or j^lre me 
any iBformation about them } R. G. Davis, 

BncV^ind, Parr'ngdon, 

TttiAL BT THB Cbo«i.— Did trial bytbecroM 
[■ometimea t«nned ''God'> Judgment") btof pre- 

Tai) in Great Britain or Iceland ! It was very 
u&M^l In France in the labor Middle Agei. The 
process was this : In view of determining doubtful 
cases, two men were chosenj and led in great 
ceremony tu a church. Here they Qtond upright, 
with their arms extended in the figure of a oroa^ 
and i u the mean t ini b d i v i ne berrice w as oelebrat^. 
The party who^e cbampioD k^pfc his posture the 
longest was declared to have gained the caase. 
Historians will remember that Charlemagne 
(ninth century) ordered by liia will that in 
case of any diflVrenoes between hta sons concern- 
ing the appointed partitions of hia dorainioofl, and 
which could not be properly decided by the 
depositions of men, recourse Bhould bo bad not tO 
combat nor a dueT, but to the trial by the cross, 

nelilze P&rk Gvrdvns. 

A Book or CorritTi - tlatks bt David 
DELTctiAEt.. — A few monthly sLoce I purchased a 
book of copper * plates by David Deuchar» done 
from the original designs by Holbein, known as 
**The Dances of Death." According to the title- 
pa^e of my book it was printed by 3. GoaneU ffft 
John Scott and Thomas Odtell, both of London, 
m the year 3803. It contains fifty copper* 
plates ; the title-pnge, howerer, describes the 
work as consisting of only forty-eix plates, to 
which number, and no more, tetterpr«u de- 
scriptions id English and French are prefixed. 
The book is interleaved throughout with 
blank pages. Each picture is enclosed in » 
double LltuBtrated border^ of which thore are, 
however, only three or four varieties. The atve *f 
the book is quarto. Now, since puiking this pnr- 
chase I bare seen another book which, with cer- 
tain exceptioDft, is an exact counterpart of mine. 
The exceptiong I have noticed are aa follows : 
L The type and arrangement of the lit]e-p«^ ; 
2, The name of the printers, who are W. Smith 
& Co.; 3. Omission of one plate/' Death's Arms"; 
4. A slight variation in the order of the pUtei; 
&. The omission of the double border enclosiog 
each plEite, which, I may observe I hare seen men- 
tioned as one of the Bpecial characteristics of tbo 
original design!). Kow, as this difTerenc^ between 
two works which are in other respects entirely 
alike has perpleiced myself nnd my frlenda, IshaU 
feel obliged if you or some of your learned con- 
tributors will kindly inform mo which (if either) 
of these works is, or whether both may be con* 
sidered, genuine, and if eo, which should be con- 
aldered the more valuable^ a.nd why* 

Charles D. Woollit. 

FoLK-ioTsB o? TUB LooKiKa-QLAw.— In wbal 
parts of Enj;land i« tb« superstition of not letting 
a baby see itself in a lookin^glMS until it ic mm 
year old found at the present dnyl An instuM 
of tbii saperstltion was brongfat to my aeUne thi 


«tber <]ay. Aa nlj sermnt of ours, who lives nenr 
Sfcoarbrhl^e, in ^\'orceste^Bbire, brought her baby 
for iRfipection to some relation-i of mine staying at 
Miilvern, ami while one of them hnd htm in her 
&nui) she wulked past the 6rcpUce, over which 
was a tnr^? looking-glass, nnd was just j^oing to 
show hiDi himself llierein, wheo she waa stopped 
by the cxcInmaLion, " Oh, miss, pleiise don't show 
baby himself in the gluss ; if he sees himself be* 
fore be is one year oU he is sure to die.' 


Foreign Mineral WATEas.— When were these 
flfat imprtrle*! ? Their sale in Eoghind nppeArs to 
have been no nnuanfLl thing in 1709. as appears 
from ivD ndrertisement in the Royal KaUnaar for 
that year : — 

'MV. Owen, npar Temple Bar. Fleot Street. Imp^'tt* 
and Stillf. Wliuleule and Krtale, Oermnn Spa Water, 
from the Pou!ion SpriiiK ; S^ltiL-ruud PvriDont, in their 
utmost Perfection ; Bath, Bristol, Scarbonnigfa, nnd all 
vtber Mineral Waters recommended by the Faculty." 


DoAN, OR DoANK Familt. — I hare been look- 
ing up the history of this family. I find they 
came to America from England with the early 
Puritans. Can any one tell me anything of the 
family in England/ I find there was a DOne 
family in Cheshire (13*X) to 1700), but cannot 
connect them with the Doanes of America. 

A. J. DOAN. 
Jersey City, New Jersey, U.S.A. 

Authors of Books Wanted. — 

MIrwoir nf Oriniiin : a Franrntnt. By a Ute celebrated 
BioKniph«r. Cdioburgfa. printed b/ J«mei Ba!lantyne 
&Co., U13. \Cmo, pp. Ci and title-psft*. It seem* to 
be a i(|ai>i upon a Tcry verbose and inflated style of 
biogruphioal compoeitlon. The iiippfWcti editor states 
ihat ' The author of thii fra(;tnf-nt is known to hare 
iioasteJ that ' he ctmid write the life of » broom-stick.* " 

RoBKRT Out. 

ArrnoRs of Qdot.^tions Wanted. — 

•' That violent commotion which o'erthrow, 
Jn town, and city. i»i»d ♦ciiuostt-rd ^\<:i\t 
Altar and croff, and clturcU of solemn roof, 
And old religious liousc." R. D, W, 

" Disputes th>}' short arc far too long, 
When both alike are iu the wrong." 

Cklku kt Act'AX. 

" 0. thai I were a painter. In he grouping 
All that a poet drags into detail." 

(6*S. vii. b7.) 
Mr. Foster, in his Parage for 1893, has made 
t)>iue eturniients of a remarkable nature as to the 
•«trs«ttoa of, and succession to. the above title. 
Ilad ho possessed a slight acquaintaDce with 

Scottish peemge law, or mnde a little investiga- 
tion in the local records, he would hardly have 
blundered so plaringly. 

The Ruthven succession is curious, and fans 
been so misunderstood by peerage writers in 
general— although not one of them hoa gone bo 
very far astray as Mr. Foster — that I venlure to 
otTer a bketch of the real slate of the citse^ in reply 
to the fjuery of Igxoramcs. 

But, in the find place, it may be aa well to 
expUin that Mr. Foater'a wild theory of a peerage 
of Scotland, whether for life, or *' by courtesy," or 
a ** coronation barony, ** created by mammons to a 
coronation by George I. or George 11., teste on no ■ 
bobis whatever. 

In England a barony could be created by 
summons to Parliament, but it would be an 
hereditrtiy peerage. In Scotland peerages were 
Brat creitted by charter, afterwards by patent, 
never by Eiummons. Bub this is immaterial in 
the present instance, as, after the Vuion in 1707, 
it w;w ultra vire* of the Crown to cre.ite a Scotcli 
|)eeMc:e at all. Sir Thomas Ruthven ot Frceland 
was knighted at Dalkeith, July 12, 1633, and 
created Lord Ruthven by Charles II, in 1G51. 
January 3 Lb the date in a MS. list of patents of 
peerage, but as Sir Thomas sat in ParliAment 
March 31 as representative of the county of 
Perth, and not as a peer till May 34, it is pro- 
bable that this refers to the warrant, and that 
the date of the patent is a little later. 

Owing, perhaps, to the disturbed state ofoff.iirs, 
the patent wns not recorded in Ihe Great Seal Re- 
gister at the time. That omission was not after- 
wards remeilied, and unfortunately the original 
patent perished when Freeland House was burnt 
in 1750. That the limitation was wider than to 
heirs male of the body, and included heirs general, 
or gave a po^er of nomination, there c^o be no 
doubt, because the male line had f:iiled, and a 
femnle, who was not the heir of line, was in 
possession to 1707, when the title was placed on 
the Union roll The Baroness Kulhven was 
summoned to the coronations in 171-1 and 1727, 
and in 1740 the title was recognized without the 
expression of any doubt in the report of the Lords 
of Session on the peerage of Scotlaud, being at the 
time held by successiou through two females. 

James, then Lord Rathven, voted at nearly all 
the elections of representative peers after his auo- 
cesaion in 1732 till his death in 17S3. 

The first lord died in May, 1673. Erodie, in 
hia Diary, calls him " the good lord," and adds 
that he was "in some distemper of roehincholy 
and his ttffaira not iu good order." He had four 
children : — 

1. David, second lord, died unmarried in April, 

2. Anne, married first, in August, 1661, Sir 
WilliAm Cooninghaoj, of CunninghambtaA^ ^y^. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. r»» a vii. »-«. lo. -ss. 

Ayr, Bart., who died in April, 1671 ; Bcco&dly, 
"William Cunningluini, of Graigends, co. B«nfrew, 
by whom she hod no iasae ; and was dead in 
March, 1689. Her only child, Sir William Cud- 
ninKliitm, fiart., assumed the additional surname 
of Riithven as senior coheir to the representation 
of Ihut family, but was excluded from succession 
to the peerage by the second lord. He died with- 
out inBue before his aunt Jean, Lady Buthyen. 

3, Elizabeth, married her kinsman Sir Francis 
Kuthven, of Redcastle, co. Forfar, and, dying 
before 1674, left an only child Isabel, who in 1729 
succeeded to the barony and estites on the death 
of her aunt Jean, Lady Ruthven. She married 
Cul. James Johnston, of Graitney, co. Dumfries, 
who, as early as 1723, at any rate, hod assumed 
the additional surname of Ruthrcn. Her ladyship 
(Mr. Foster in one place names her Elizabeth, 
apparently confusing the mother and daughter) 
died in June, 1732, and was succeeded by her 
eldest SOD James, Lord Ruthven, from whom the 
Dresent lord is directly descended. 

4. Jean, Baroness Ruthven, succeeded her 
orother under the deed of entail and nomination 
executed by him. This is the lady who was 
recognized as a peeress by Kings George J. and II., 
not created a peeress. Mr. Foster, while professing 
to throw new light on the history of the family, 
totally omits all mention of her ladyship, who 
ranked as a peeress for twenty-eight years, puts 
her niece Isabel in her place, and says that Thomas, 
Lord Ruthren, bad only two daughters, although 
Orawfard, Douglas, and Wood all state correctly 
that there were three. 

To account for this abnormal successioD we must 
return to the second lord. It is well known that 
for a considerable time before the Union peers of 
Scotland sometimes had power given them in their 
patents to nominate heirs to succeed to their titles 
along with their estates ;* also that they occasion- 
ally resigned their honours into the hands of the 
sovereign and obtained a regrant with a special 
remainder. We do not now know the exact tenor 
of the Ruthven patent, but it evidently contained 
Hoiiie huch chiufic. In 1674 David, Lord Ruthven, 
executed an entail of his entire estates, mentioning 
that they had "come to my hands be derivation 
from my carefull predecessors, and that be my 
infeirnu'nlii thereof standiog Id my person I have 
full privilege and power at any time during my 
lifetime to nominate and design by my declaration 
iubscrived with my hand in presence of famous 
witnpwie.i the person or persons nne or mae whom 
I would have to succeed to me therein iuccmive 
(fttil^ing heirs lawfully to be begotten of my own 
bodie),'* &0. " Therefore, and for the special love 
aad favour which I bear to Mn. Jean Ruthven, 

• 8m "The Rukhtrftird PeezH^" " N. k i^.," 5<k 8. 

my yoangest sister," as he tells as. Lord Ruth- 
ven entaued the estates on Jean and the heirs 
male of her body, who were to assume " the sur- 
name and arms of Ratfaveo, using the same with- 
out any change thereof; whom failing on her 
heirs female, the eldest to succeed without division; 
Dame Anna Rnthven, Lady Craigends, and tho 
heirs male of her body ; Isabella, daughter of Sir 
Francis Ruthven, of Redcastle, Knight, and the 
deceased Dame Elizabeth Rnthven, his second 
sister. There are other relatives of the entailer 
named as substitutes, and all are taken bound to 
bear and use his surname and arms. Lady Ruthr 
Ten is to pay her sister Lady Graigends 4,(XK> 
marks and her niece Uabella Ruthven 6,000; if 
Lady Cratsends succeed she is to pay Isabella 
15,000. The title was evidently destined to pas» 
along with the estates, and did so ; Jean, as Lady 
Ruthven, was served heir of entail and provision 
of her brother. 

Crawfurd, in hts Peerage, made the mistake of 
calling it extinct, but this is corrected in a MS. 
genealogy of the Ruthvens by him thus : " David, 
Lord Ruthven, died unmarried ; his estates and 
honours came to his sister, now Lady Ruthven. 
Sir William Cunningham, of Cunninghamhead, i» 
heir presumptive.'' 

Supposing that the right of Jean, Lady Ruthven^ 
was questionable, no such doubt rests on the 
succession after her death, as ail the subsequent 
holders of the honour were heirs of line of the 
original grantee. T. T. 

The Festival op the Pope's Chair (G** S- 
vii. 47, 72, 90). — Two festivals are, or have beeov 
celebrated at Rome in honour of the " Cathednb 
Petri "^one on January 18, the other on February 
22; the latter, according to De Rossi, as the feast 
of " Cathedra Petri in Antiochia." The existing 
chair was exhibited in 1866, and was then photo- 
graphed. It was carefully examined by Padre 
Garrucci and Cav. De Rossi, both antiquaries of 
the highest eminence, especially as regards all that 
concerns Rome. I wrote a memoir upon it, which 
was read before the Society of Antiquaries in 1868y 
and published in 1870 as part of the " Yetuata. 
Monnmenta"to accompany plates engraved from- 
drawings one in Windsor Castle the other in tho 
sacristy of the Vatican. In this memoir is also* 
aD engraving from the photograph. Unfortunatelyr 
this laist was very indistinct as regards details, the- 
light in the chapel where it was photographed 
having been very bad. The chair in question ia 
clearly neither a curule chair (as has been asserted^ 
nor a bishop's cathedra, but a throne; and Ridre 
Qarruoci expreasea a very strong opinion that it 
wot the throne mode for the coronation of the 
Emperor Charles the £kld in Borne a.d. 87<X 
Thia he foandi nmnly on the ntembkuioe betweas 
a half flgan of an anpanr irhiik aoevpiafr tlM 

•n.Fnio. t3.j NOTES AND QUEltlES. 


centre of ;i band of carved iTory on the back of 
the cbiiir, and llie well-known portrait of Charles 
the I>ald in the Bible bDlon^ing to the church of 
San Paolo fuori le Mum at Rome. The form of the 
tbroDe nud its ornaineotal details present DOtbiog 
inconsistent with the date of 675. The tablets 
cootAining the lalwiurs of Hercules are in ivory, 
hat were originnlly parts ofn Byzantine casket of 
the eleventh or twelfth century, »nd hare been 
Ktuck on to the chair by wuy of ornamcDt. That 
it bears an Arabic inscription ia a fable which ha^ 
been Already often exploded. It originated from the 
f4Ct that in the church of S. Pietro in Castello, in 
Venice, is a marble cathedra, the back of which has 
been formpd from a Mohammedan gravestone. I 
fehonld, perhaps, say that the legendary account of 
the chair is that it was the curuie chair of Pudeoii, 
given by him to St. Peter, and used by the hitler 
;is u cathedra. This was the orthodox account of 
the chair, and Cardinrd Wiseman wrote a pnper in 
defence of its prob.ibility. A small book was pub- 
lUhcd nt Rome in 1666, written by Afonaignor 
Kebeo. under the title JJe IdetitUaic CalJudnr in 
(pill J'etmt primvm liomK Sedil^ in which tbe 
above stated nri;«in is tnainlained, uod the facts on 
record about it collected. Tbe book is rare, and 
A few yoara ago w.'u not in the library of the 
British Mui^eum. I gave a copy to the library 
of the Society of Antiquaries. 

Alrx. Nkbbitt. 
Miss BnsK's reply {anU^ p. 72) is, so far as it 
goes, a very satisfactory answer to the note of Mn. 
Platt. and I have rend it with much pleasure. 
A little more infonualion about this venerable 
relic, however, may not be unacceptable to the 
readers of " N. & Q." A full account of it may be 
found in a note of the appendix to Messrs. Brown- 
low and Northcote'a Jioma Sottervania. In the 
flr«t part of this note reference is made to Cardinal 
Wiseman's essoy, with the exposure of Lady Mor- 
(tan'a "amuainj* blunder," then toDe Kosai'a actual 
examination of the chair. Next, a picture of it is 
giren, copied from a photograph taken durinj; its 
♦Jposition in 1867, when I myself saw it more 
than OQce. After ibis cornea a full description 
of the chair, which ia too long to quote in 
detail. The ivory omameDts, with the labours 
*)f Hercules and other Bubjects engraved upon 
tfaeui, are next described, and it a told bow some 
of them are put upside down, and their present 
nte » evidently not that for which they were 
originally intended. The style of the carving and 
of the arabesques on certain of the plates correspond 
with the age of Charlemagne^ while the labours of 
Qervulet are of much more ancient date, not, how- 
«Ter, De Rossi thinks, as old as the first century. 
Messrs. Browntow and Xorlhcote ko on to say 
that, althoti;(h a more accurate description of the 
chair than (\»Tdiu;iI Wiseman could obtain from 
ths works of Torrigio and Febeo prevents their 

1778-1853^ created 
I not a marshiil of 

adopting his hypothesis that this was the ivory 
curuie chair of the senator Pudens, yefc the most 
rigid criticism has nothing to object against tbe 
traditional antiquity of the oak framework of this 
chair. When the inner part of aoacia was added 
and adorned with bands of irory, the ancient iTorie« 
which cover the front would appear to have been 
put on; and they remark that it is not at all un- 
common to meet with copies of the Gospels, reliqua- 
ries, and other valuable works of the early mediaeval 
period which are ornamented with ivories repre- 
senting subjects of pagan mythology. The second 
piut of the note gives the historical notices of St. 
Peter's chair, but for this the Roma SotUrtnntti 
itaelf must be consulted. I have quoted from the 
first edition of 1869 ; a second has since been 
published. In conclusion, tbe learned authors say 
that from an historical and archaeological point of 
view they consider themselves justi6ed in regard- 
ing ns true the venerable title which a living Iradi' 
tion lias never failed to give to the "chair of Sk 
Peter." SoucND RaKDOLra. 


Toe MaRSHALs op NAroLEON I. (G"* S. viJ. 

Arn'ghi (Jean Toua&aint), 
Due dc Padone in lt^)9, mz 

Melzi d'Eril (Fran^oU), 1763-1816, Dae do 
Lodi, 1809. 

Clarke (Henri Jacques Guillaume}, 1765-1818, 
created Duo de Fcltro by Napoleon in 1809, was 
made marshal of France by Louis XVIIL in 161& 

£ugi.'ae Beauharnais was never a marshal ot 

The following is the list of Napoleon's marshals^ 
with the yejir of their creation :— 

1804. Berlhier, Murat, Moncey, Jourdan, Maa- 
geno, Augerean, Bemadotte» Soult, Bnine, Lannes, 
Mortier, Xey, Davoust, Bessieres, Kellermano, 
Lefebvre, Pcrignon, Serruricr. 

1807. Victor Perrin. 

1800. Macdonald, Oudinot, Marmont. 

1811. Ruchet. 

1812. Oouvion-Saint Cyr, 

1813. PoniatowakL GoSTAVe MaSSOM. 

EsijuiRKR will obtain all the information hd 
seeks by applying to the Grand CImncelier de U 
Leyion d'Honneur. General Vinoy, late GnimJ 
Chancelier, showed mo in 1877 ft complete list of 
Napoleon's marshals, and also their portraits, m 
the paliice of the Legion. D. F. C. 

Coniervative Cluki. 

HoLB Familt (C" S. vi. 208).— There are 
numerous references to members of this family ia 
Lysons's Magna Britannia^ Devontkirt, W *Ottfe 
introduction, p. ccxilv, \^ w <X».\.<iA. >^^V "^t^^ ^^ 
tho Bisters and coWueTOW ol Yto.\»^^^*^'^-»^*^ 






heir male of WeeTts, or Wyke, of North Wjke, 
in South Tawton, married a Hole. Ibid., 
p. ccxxTu, Ebberley, in the parish of Robotough, 
is mentioned as the seat of Henry Hole, Ksq. At 
p. 427| in the account of the parish of Roborough^ 
it is stated that the manor, then belonging to 
Henry Hole, had been purchased from the Wolla- 
combes by his grandfather. 

Under Belston, p. 42, Fulford's share of the 
manor of Belston is recorded as haviog been pur- 
chased in 1784 by Rev. Joshua Hole, father of 
the Rer. William Hole, the then proprietor (1822). 

Under Ashton, p. 17, the Rer. Thomas Hole is 
mentioned as rector and patron of the rectory. 

Under Bradninch, p. 60, the barton of Winham 
is recorded as belonging to John Hole, Gent. 

The above may serve to show how useful Lysons 
will be in any researches into the history of the 
Hole family. 

Besides the excerpts from Ly^tons, I may add 
the following particulars from Vis. Devon., 1620 
(Harl. Soc), at pp. 19, 26, 67:— 

P. 19. Joyce, dau. of John Hole, of Xcrth Ttiwton, 
md. John ItBttuhill, of WeH Wyke. Devon, living 1620. 

V. 26. Mary, dau. of Henry Hole, of St. Giles, md., ns 
his leconi] wife, Bartholomew Berry, " Arm., de Chiltle- 
hami'tOD, fii. ot heer, Joh. Berry ' (dcscd. of "Berrye 
cf Btrry in Erbcr"). 

P. (J7. Edwrori Hole, of Affinptiin, Devon, md. May, 
dau. of Wm. Collyni, of Ottwcll, Deron, living lOJO. 

HaviDg myself enjoyed the friendship, lang syne, 
of members of the Hole family, I am glad to put 
together such facts concerning their history as time 
has admitted of my gleaning. 

C. H. £. Caruicharl. 

New University Club, 


vi. 166, 334).— Nearly forty years ago I was re- 
aidinjr iu the Dukenca in Nottinghamshire, and 
I recollect hearing a poor woman speak of Shrove 
Tuesday as Fasten Tuesday, as if it were com- 
monly designated by that title in the neighbour- 
hood. The reason of its being so called could not 
have been that it was the day for hiring or 
*' fastening " servants for a year, aa your corre- 
spondent T. P. B. supposes, for it was not so to 
the best of my recollection ; but it was much 
observed as a popular holiday, the boys playing 
at football, and in the evening the public-houses 
being resorted to for dancing. 

The old carnival maintains a lingering existence 
among our country folk more widely, I suspect, 
than is commonly supposed, though the fasting of 
which it was once the prelude is now generally a 
thing of the past. In Somersetshire, also, Shrove 
Tuesday is atill to some degree a holiday, and 
doubtless a few generations back wai much more 
kept than it is now. In a parish in the latter 
county, vith which I have been more recently 
fionnectedy ten shiUingv n«ed always to be paid to 

the clergyman for preaching a sermon on ShTove 
Tuesday, in fulfilment of a bequest made some time 
in the last century. I was told by the oldest in- 
habitant of the parish that the original object of 
this institution was to counteract the attractions 
of cock-fighting, which used to be the favourite 
pastime of the parishioners on that day. Bat I 
have never heard of *' Fasten Tuesday " in Somer- 
setshire. Perhaps other instances of the use of 
the' term may be known to some of your corre- 
spondents. G. B. W. O. 

ELizABExn TiLNET {G^ S. vi. 616).— Thomas, 
Duke of Norfolk, who died in 1524, had two 
wives, Elizabeth Tilney, daughter and heiress of 
Sir Frederick Tilney, Knt., of Ashwell Thorpe, 
Norfolk (she being the widow of Sir Humphrey 
Bouchier, son of Lord Berners), and secondly 
Agnes, daughter of Sir Hugh de Tilney, Knt., of 
Boston, Lincolnshire. These two ladies were fint 
cousins, being grand- daughters of Sir Philip de 
Tilney, Knt., of Boston, by Isabel, daughter and 
heiress of Sir Edmund de Thorpe, Knt., of Ash- 
well Thorpe. Sir Philip had, amongst other 
children, two sons, Sir Fi^derick, the father of 
Elizabeth, and Sir Hugh, the father of Agnei. 
See P. Thompson's ColUctions for an Account of 
Boston, p. 248, and CoUins's Peerage, by Brydges, 
i. 80. Edward Soi.tT. 

The Antiquitt of "Krikgbspirl"(6**' S. vi. 
387). — The idea of the modem kneg$8pi€l is pro- 
bably borrowed from the ancient " Indus latmn- 
culomm" or "xii scripta" of the Bomansr 
described by Ovid as the game that '* imitates the 
tactics of war " (Art. Am. ii. S51). The learned 
Salmasius adduces an epigram of an early date 
(Ad Uiit AiiguU., p. 464) which attributes its in- 
vention to Palamedes {v. Eurip., 7^^. tn Aid., 198)y 
who first ranged an army in line of battle and 
placed sentinels around a camp to give the watch- 
word (B.C. 1164). The mention in the epigram of 
Mucins Scoevola's superior skill in this mimic war- 
fare (b.c. 506) is confirmed hj Cicero (2>< Orai., L 
c. 50) and Quintilian (UK xi. c. ii.). The precise 
nature of the game is not known ; decidedly it was 
not chess, but intended to represent the move- 
ments on a battle-field or the furtive stratagems 
of a siege. The squares were termed polis, a city, 
or c^ora, a region, or mandra^ an enclosure ; and 
the men, /a/rr>nes or latnmcitU (mercenary troops), 
milites, or beUaiorei, and were thirty in number, 
fifteen of which were white and fifteen red. The 
skill of the game consisted either in taking the 
pieces of the adversary or rendering them unable 
to move (**ad incitas redacti"). A player by 
bringing his adversary's man between two of bis 
own ("Medius gemino caloulns hoste perit," Or.t 
ZWfl, il 477) was so far eueoeeiftil, ami Um move, 
if prevented, was called tigtUio, Frogmdon al 
the oommencemest of the gaiu» waa lapuMeil bf 

dare^ nnd retrogwMion by rtvocare. In the Oflpitol 
At Kome, upon u of the £niperor Trujan 
Aud Plotiuii Pompeiu, U a young raua holding on 
abacu8| on which are plnc«d a first rank of seven 
men, a second with onlr one, which he is pnasinf; 
vrUh the forefinger of nis right bund, and n third 
rttnk rodnccd to six, on account of the one passed 
upwards. William Platt. 

Oallif Court, St. Peter's, tsle of Tbaoet. 

Is not chess a krU^ispuI, and the oldest war 
^me known F The Chinese n'lve it an antiquity 
of about 200 n.c, but the Brahmin law writers of 
Ilindo&tan make it out to be nianv centuries older. 



Joan or Arc (6* S. vl 407). — There is a por- 
trait of Joan of Arc as a frontiBpiece to SkeUhts 
oj Impotture^ Deception^ and f rednUti/t in the 
"Family Library/ 1S37, with a notice at 
pp. 113 S. 

Memoin of Jeanne d^Arc-t snmarntd Lit PuctlU 
d^OrUatu: with tlu Butory of her Trnw. By 
W. H. Irehind. London, 1824, '2 rols. A transU- 
tion from the French. 

Rymcr, x. -108.— John, Duke of Bedford, to the 
kin^' upon the death of the Karl of Salisbury and 
defeat owinfc to the eucliantnient "of a disoiple 
and lyine of the feende called the Pucdie," October 
20. 1-128. ; 

Southey'ti poem Joan of Arc. 

G. A. Simcox, " Joiio of Arc; n poem," Cohi- 
liU Mogasim, toL xVu, 18^7, pp. 584-8, with 
print. . I 

" La Pucelle : an Historical Sketch," Monthty 
Parkeij vol. ix., i85S, pp. 20, ll!l, iH3, 26!>, 321, 
407. Ku. Maiisiiall. 

The Rabjoined references may be of service to 
Mtt. Massok: — 

Lifi of Joan of Arc, by Tuckey ("New Plu- 
Urcb" Series, 1680). 

Southey's Poant. 

Ku&sell's Efiraordinory Womni, London, 1864. 

Chnmbtrts Mijicrllany, No. xxv, 

De Qnincey's ColUcUd Workx, vol. iii. p. 200. 

Qi.iariirhj JUvifit\ Ixix., March, 1842, pp. 281- 
320; xi. 271; Ixi. .10, art. "Versailles," 

" N. & Q ," 1*» S. vii. 206. 295; £»'• S. iii. 447, 
fil£; S'^ 3. il 4G, f)8, 155; 4**" S. vii. 400, 508; x. 
tl8» 5<k4. 

Mnid of Orleans, by Schiller, Bohn, 1872 

Voltaire's Maid of Orleans; or, Ui PuctlU, 
IransUted into Eoglish ver^e, with explanatory 
and hintorical notes, by W. H. Ireland, 2 toIs. 
Uv^t with forty plates by Moreau and other arti«ts, 
Jt of Voltaire and La Pucelle, half-bound 
I, gilt edges, fleur-de-lia backs, aoaree^ 1823. 
(A* Moid, by Mrs. Charles. 

Th^ wfiter in the QHarUrly first before nien- 
'^tited stAte*, p. 320: " There U dl) portmit extant; 

, the two earliest entrmvin^t are of 1006 nud 1612, 
' and they j^reatly ditfer from each other." An en- 
' graving by T. Dean will be found in Davenport's 
S)ietcha of Imposture J &c., London, Tegar. 1840. 

J. Manuel. 

Recent paintinjfs are: By P. H. C.ilJeron, R.A., 
exhibited m the Royal Acadoiuy, 1877, *'asMit«ry 
figure on the rocks in strong glow of sun!;et, liaten- 
iDg to voices that tell her her mission draws near 
— she must leave home nnd Hy tu the relief of 
Orleans"; by G. W. Joy, exhibited nt the Royal 
Academy, 1881; by Leonardo Cattermole, exhi- 
bited at the Grosvenor flaUery, 1S81; by William 
Eity, as Religion, L<)yaUy, and Patriotism respec- 

The IletQinti of liittory, by Mrs. Owen (pub- 
lished by Guutledge, 1B54), contains a notice and 
a fanciful illustration, of no value &» a work of art. 


(6"' S. vii. 27).— I cannot furnish the name of the 
poor labouring man, but one of the fine boys was 
Ji>hn Taylor, a celebrated canonist and sometime 
Master of the Roll?. Mr. Foss (Biographia 
Juridka^ 1870, p. G50) is of opinion ilint he took 
his degree in canon law in a foreign university, 
and gives the following list of his offices and pre- 
ferments: — .'... ' 

U03. Ordained SuHdeaccn, being then Rector of 
Biebop't H&lfleld, diet. Lincnln. 

1&04 (August). AmtMuailar to Plulip, Duke of Dur- 

1509. M»de aerk of the PnrUiment 

ir»13. AccomTiBTiiei] th? Kini; in.tho invasion of Franoe, 
the events of which he chronicled in his D'lurf in Latin 
(now in the Record UiBc. ). 

1513. CullAted to Arcbdfiaconrj of Derby. 

1514. Choien Prolocutor of Conrocstion. 

151ff. Collated to ArcbJeaconrj of Uuckingham. 

1^5 (May). Met the Venetian EmUwy it Ueptford 
with m Lstia speech (Cttun MS^. Nero B, vii. fo. 12). 

1520, Incorporated «t Cambridge. 

1522 (Miiy). Incorporated at Oxford. 

1525-6. Ambassador to France. 

ISirr (June 26). Appointed Master of the Rolls. 

1.W4 (Oct. 6). IiciiTcred up bii pstcnt as Master of 
the KolU to be cancelled, and " very soon after died." 


See Fosa'fl Judges of England^ vol. v. pp. 
235, 236; Shnw's Uutory awd Aniiquititi of 
Shjhrdnhin (1708), vol. i. pp. 113. 114; Wood's 
Fiuti Ojconienses (Blisar'a editioD, vol. ii. pp. 62, 
C3). G. F. R. B. 

SuP9 iM "IvAxnoR" (6«» S. vi. 407). — The 
following is another instance of carelessness on the 
part of the author, which, so far aa I know, has not 
yet been publicly noticed, though it must surely 
have been often detected. When Cedric and 
AiheUtan are prisoners together in TorquUstone, 
the former say*: — 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [«* s. vil F£>. lo. -sat 

" It VM in tliU verj bad tb&t tnj f&tTitr feuted with 
Tortjuil! lYoIficnuer when he etitertaiDfd the Taliint und 
iinfortaDftte HiiroM, then advancing n^binit the Nor- 
ireei&n*, wlm bud ualted them^elvM ta the rebci Toslig. 
......Ort h&re 1 L&Brd mffhther kindld aa he told ths 

This ivas snid in 1194, that being tbe jear of 
Richtird L'ri return from bis Auatrian captmtif, 
wbea be took part ia tbe atornung of TorquiktoDe 
by the outlatirs. The revolt of Toatig wob ia JOGG, 
ao iptervflL of one hutidred and twenty-eight years; 
80 that if Cedric^ft father waa but twenty yeora old 
when he "feaeted with Torquil Wolfganger," and 
CedrJc but ten wbcD ho heitrd the atory from 
hia father, the ktter wpuld then have been ninety- 
eigbt; aad eJghty-eigbL irheu Cedric was born ! 

C. C, M. 
Athenaum Club. 

Dj« Sonjjk (6'* S. vi. 540}.— Miss Bcse lysks 
■wbethet anybody id Englaod, except one old 
Sussex purdener, ever calla the sun thi. Oh, dear, 
yes ! Ail my Surrey neighbours, aave a few who 
have beco luLaled by an impertinent dTili^cntlon, 
call the sun the* and bo do I, Lhough not to the 
manner born. For I perceive that to do so ia 
houonnible to the Itimmary herself ; and alfto 
that tbe fact, if finct it be, ia InterestiDj; that in 
Surrey and Sussex, and nowhere etee in Enf>[and, 
tb« German gender of the sun is used. There is 
» Hfood deal uiore to be aaid on the subject than 
Mi£s £csK Eeeois to BUppose, A. J. M. 

GH.DART or Liverpool (6'"* S. vi. 53").— 
Capt, Francia Gildart fyoungest son of Juines, 
Mayor qf Liverpool, 1760, eldest surviviog son of 
Richard Gildart, M.P., to whom the arnja -were 
granted) settled in Virginia and left numerouH 
descendiinta ; hia gmndson, Isaac Gildart^ of Mia- 
aisarppi, is the head of the fumily. In England 
there are descendants of two dauf*htera of the 
M,P„ and of hh sixth and youngest son Thomau, 
wbo left three daufchters coheirefises, whose de- 
ecendanta ba?e a right to quarter the arms, 

F. N. E, 

Ogtiks or MosLiT Hall, Liverpool {&^ S. 
Tii. 2^J, — In reference to the editorial note 
oppeinlE-d to Tiiy Ogden query, I wish to lay that 
one object of ray query was to fiad out whether 
that "onlychttd" of Burke ought not to be on^T/ 
daughter^ for John Chriatian Boode and Lady 
Cuht inherited Lbe aame abarea of the Ogden p«>- 
perty. F. N, R, 


1B61 (fi"* S. vi. 4S0}.— The Thurlands were an old 
jJottinjfbaniBhire family founded by a Mercbant 
of the Staple, and eettled at GamBton. A braneh 
''■erwftrdi njijjrated through London to Eeigate, 
nfey. The Muter of im Savw v&a probably 
eiofl of thi« noe. J, H. Ours, 

Edwabd ReTNEH, Of Lr^coLK (6^ S, yl 429)* — 
As the Rev. Oliver fleywood supplied Mr. Calamy 
with the Yorkshire and LaticaishiTe poHiona of the 
LivM of ths £}ed£d Minuteru^ 1662, And was in^ 
tjmately acqaaioted with Morley nnd ita famiUe?, 
there con b« little doubt that tbe Rev. E. Beyner 
Vtt% OS atated,, a native of Morley, in Yorkshire. 
The Rayner, Reyner, Reiner, or Reynor family 
have been inhabitanta of Morley wapentake for 
at least aix centuries. Tbe present town clerk of 
Liverpool ia of this family. I have lately obtained 
a volume of Mr Edward Reyuer'a {Ridtt for ike 
0(jV€rnmt7d of i)u TcngneX not referred to in Mr* 
Suiith^tt Morltyj L'^ndon, 1G5@, third edition. 
Imprimatur, Edm, Calainy, pp, 3cv, 3G3» xvii 


Idel, Bradford, 

WisDTDASK Familt (G"" S. vi, 420}.— For 
some notes thereon of seventeenth century persons 
Bee Proceedings of tbe Society of Antiquariea, 
Dec 12, 1873. Anon. 

PRE9BWTIMBNT (6* S. vi. 42y). — PeifWlTH 

will find mneh to interest him in Dr. Heinrich 
Schubert, GachkJtU der Si€h. I have the third 
edition, printed at Staltgnrt, 1839; but I believe 
there are more recent editions, TheGermaD word 
for presentiment is ahnnng^ the expeotatbn oi 
coming events, bEksed on feeling and not on in^ 
ditction. L. A^ R 

Ath^nieam Clab. 

BAftoHu vojf BAaTKSSTKi^ (G'^ S. VI, 423},~ 
The arms of the Barons von Barteasteia iti 
Austria (wbo attained that rank in 1733 and 
1744), are as followa ; Quarterly, 1 and 4, Az., a 
Moor Issuaat from the base of the shield pp^y 
wreathed about the temples, and holding in tbe 
dexter hand a sling arg.i ita stone gii., and la 
the extended minister liand a battle-axe of tbo 
second ; 2 and 3, So., a cbev. arg., between three 
dinmondst t^ill^s en lozange, or ; over all. Or, azk 
eagle djsp, aa,, crowned of the field. 

Ji Wooi>vriw>* 

LoTVTiiER Yates (fi"" S. vii. 48, 91). — Th& 
followin;^, aUo reported by "Mr. Gunning in bi« 
Jt^minUancii of Cambridge, should be added : — 

*' The Tutor [uf Cutberine Hall] Cardinal Thorp [for 
so be WM Klvrajfi culUd [ was lecturing on the ' Law ol 
£xltri!tne Neeefisit]^,' which jufttified ft msn in disregard- 
iiig tbe ttfe of aimtlicr ia Ol-l]4^^ to cniure hia own HUetji. 
He B*id, 'SufipoM Lovrlher Yatei snd 1 were struittgUaiEr 
in the water for a plunk which would not hold two, uid 
that hfl £Dt poiifieseion of It, I Bhtjuld be justit^ed in 
kDOcVing: him off"; uid he then added, with ^treat veht' 

menee, ' 1> n him--«.nd I would do it too, without tba 

ill^Uteit heiitatkn * It is sc»rcpT;f neceitnnr to odd tliot 
the Ttitur }nul an iiiTeter&te dUIiki; to the Msster of hif 
CoUegP."— Ounnin^j vol. i. p. 18* 
Aprfip'it of the story, I remember the case of a 
lecturer OD mechanics who enumerated, after tb* 
nunner of college lecttuors^ (bi ehtef worka of i»^ 



pute on tli(? stiV.jecl, \Vhen be cnme to b book on te»U'it. Printcil for tb* Autliorj andioU l.y J. Ber, 

mechanics pubiiahwl bv ibc Master of bis college, ^'«- ^ Pateniuiier row." 

he ajiit), "And tbere^a Pr. SD-nndBo's Attchanics, 

« book from vtbicb tbe bumao mind Daturally re- 

volta.'* This irteverent lecturer ttftcrwiirJs took 

orders and atuiioed tbc dignity of a dean. 


Sir William Hkdges, 163S («"" S. v. 88, 233). 
—As bis most interestiog MS. dinry,kept in Indiii 
und Persia between 1681 and 1GH4, U about to b« 
pahli^bed, nil information regarding bim, in addi- 
tion to thnt kindly supplied by A. Z , will be niucb 
▼aliUHl. Calcuttsssis, 

Tub RisvisKD Vkrsiox of trk New Testa- 
MKST (e'*- S. vi. 144, 25.'), 317,3S4).— 1 thank Mu. 
Maksuall, hut itiiKbt wish tbe fact were oiher- 
wisc. I bad thougbt tbat a bishop, writing 
anonymously in support of bis own work, would 
not b.ive quoted biuiseU by name as an niuLority ; 
it is like profe^edly catling anttthtr to witncAS 
wlien it is really himself; nnd so I gave tbia 
reii£on for oiy question nnd doubt. I did ace 
tbe extract from tbe Church Quart erUj nn soon an 
it appeared ; it also h anonymouii, and mny — or 
inav fiot — be by a reviser. W. F, H» 

WoodJe>e, Cove. 

*' A month's mixd": St. GRKOonv'a TnitNTAT, 
(B'** S. vi. 2n&, 2ftl, 362, 374, 4 lit, 458, SIC).— In 
tbe wUl of John Sendnlt, Canon of RIpon, AcU of 
O^pUf (Surtees Society, vol. Uiv. p. 230)^ we 
find this p;v<ui}{e : — 

"Jtcm \ry;o pro Qiitte mtut% qunm ctto fieri nolerit, 
(t ft] ultiiii'ini infra ni«iiicin a ilicobitu* tnei, cf'lfl'frnn- 
ilt« nit>re IrtiiiiiliR ^ancti OreKrii, p:o Hiiinia m*u, ani- 
mal u! fi.riinnn nie'rum, Juliaimis Kymj c, et WiHelmi 
Bod '" iinbii-pifcipoiuni El^O"-., no iimit'inUi 

Jol . all, ot oniniuiii fii^cUum ilotunct^rum, 

x«j'- -.., . -■ . 1 , viJelicvt, cuil b«t capellano Iiuju'in di 
raifdam cclcbnnO, \\\'yi'' 

I should be glad to know what Mr. Watkhton 
ibiulu of tbis. it ^eeius to be tnennt thnt tbe one 
(houDQnd mas^ei were to ))e hftjnn^ not fiaifibed, 
within tbe inontb, and I should suppose the (es- 
liitur leferred to tbe Sunim ni^e, a curious account 
of which is given in the Wtk Mitial {Surtees 
SocietT. Tol. Ix. p. \m). J, T. F. 

Bp. I'lalficM'fi Ilall, Durham. 

" A LiTTROT/' &c., OP 1776 (61*' S. tI 227, 271, 
337). — Aprojios of this subject, the fullowing 
IndTertiscnienl, which I transcribe from n copy of 
tbe Morning Post of April 3, 1776, which Is iu 
wiy poMewion, may be of interest : — 

*• Thi* dfty vrh» miltlifbed, prce 1/, An Enquiry titter 
iBrr*nkl iniTVurtnnt Truths, Oif eciiiUy concerning tbc Sub- 

"i (lie Si.n of (nid, ilio IldJtMi fitxl. (he 

J Tuo^t. rational iiicmIc of Worslji|t; tnkon 

(iljr. vUlioui rc^gBTdiorQCcivtiJopinioiis, 
*-i Kiiv Iiwuitth ftutliorUy wL»lc¥er. With t\ prL-ratory 
ItMlrvirtton ftml un Ad<lrciis to (lie Rer. Mr. Liiulwy, 
krtc >ltniiter of l>iU«iick. BjJ. W., a li' rmnii Pro- 

Dtiftttirk ia, of course, a misprint for Citterick. 

W. E. Tatk. 
Walpolo VicftrsKe, Haleswortb. 

WAnDunBB (G"» S. vi. 3S8; y\\. .15; —The 
following inslructionR, given by a dying woman to 
her husband, en well illustrate the sentiment of 
Mr. (J. Mnc Donald's lines, and are m full nf 
quaint touches, that I think they may interen 
readers of '* N.&Q.":— 

** A few thou^b's collected ti^geber to awi«t you at a 
lime vrl en tou will iiot have me to coniult niili. Pir»t, 
llie tuir#«* ainl the wniiian that asiistn, one to Unre the 
t>Iiift, ilir othvr the b«d^oivii; the twti flarmol peltid.'fttSi 
tme frtr cnch. My ttty* U-r Jenny Hutchenson. 

" My b >•! V t't be lapt iu dnnnel. No shrouJ. A i;a.)d 
vrainicut coffin with liandlcf, no piiul. A fae;ir.-e. if you 
picaic. nnd two fost-clia sci fur fiiniily and company. 
Six |KK)r women. Mrs- N"LIo, Mrp. l»iiwi»n down the 
lane, Mri. Waltban), Jane Hutclicnson. ^\rf. Pearion, 
Mrs. . To lake the corpse at the door (T the Jury- 
ing (;roand. The tronien to hare enuli of them a giod 
Mack silk Lnndkerohief -nitlmut friiig<-. and uinte 
ribbon and gloTcs, if proper. Mr. RoutHeld and Mr. 
Taylor to have fach of them a eilk hat-Land ; white 
glote*, if proper. Mr. Hall and Mr. Hohi»on,in t' e fen, 
to have v>hat you think proper. Mr. John Snuill and 
bis sister, and Mr. and Airs, llarpbom of Thiirpt' ti» 
tare gause band and gluTdf, ribb')n. Mr. and Mr». 
Gildi n to have gsuse band, glorei, ribbon. 

" I think tbis la n«-nr1y alfthnt ia nccefsary, eicent I 
soy anything concerning thr chi'dron. Dno tliin^^ I bad 
like lo have forgotten, und thnt is a vault for the cur|>«e 
— two, if you please : one fnryi ur^ttfand one f.-rme. And 
then jrou are left cnlircly at your option to do as you 
p'ensc. 8ep.27ih. IWri" 

Here this cool, clear-beaded, admirable 
nnd utftictiooato wife breaks oil'. A few days after 
she odda :— 

".My dear six chiUren to wear black one year. My 
black BtuO'eown to make Jeniifnn a g^wn and petiuoiit, 
with a black peticoat I Uatv. Ever; one to have a g>tod 
black cotton frock, with good stuST peticoat. Jemima In 
have a crnpo bonnet iMaria to have a liillc cr.«pQ 
bonnet. Eluta a black slk, or what you ploife. Mrf. 
Good to buve black ribbon and gloves. Mr*. <ioy, Keni, 
tn have ribbons, gloves, and my eveiy-day blue p ticnnt. 
Joseph Eviton, fcarf iindglovrs, ordiCfiTesblllin};!. My 
«i8t«r C>itd-.m to have my l>est <«ilk bonnet. Jciniina to 
libve my bl»ck one for every day. To my dear Samuid 
my wal'ch which was bis grandfather liarpham's. and 
to mv d ^ar little Joseph ten silver buttons (or bis ci>:tt ; 
both to have ihcm whi-n they are ciKhtoen. J^mimi In 
Imvo a tn'tgnifying reading glan, wlitch was her grand* 
fathe^r Uorpham'i. alto my idk work bag with a silk 
nrcdlo-bork. pink back. Maria to hare my silk purio. 
El xa to ray leather purse, with siUor pict'cs.* 
Elita to have a lawn handkerchief set with lace, with a 
pair oflawn ruffl'S t'j mitch, which wot her grandmother 
HarphamV with an old pincushion, blue and silver on 
flic side. Maria to have a fine long lawn apron, two 
breadths, which was her grandmothers. Maria lo have 
my gold mouniing ring. JtMniran to have all the letC rj 
that were sent to me by her fniher. All my other htlla 

• Silver iMinnie* and tnopcnny bits, many of them 200 
yean old ; now in posseiaion of my son. 




<i.t >; *-.v.r.i;«". :..*■" ».;. Mj c:.;.: .jjs=., »L*i f«» 
V.^.** ', •-, -,* t',^.7 ■i.iid^.i »"-.r--- r7 tlr« flrli. 
M7 '.'..'.*« v« TA V..A. 7 iWAti MTV-tea JcxirLA. 
M»f t V.-5 /I..z». 7»-, ;*iri '.f ^£.'>i *•::•*<. wi. :-. irs 
f.-,*. w ..••..'. •*».-' ;r '•• •'■* '-''—i-'fti, -i lioi'i-s; £ixfc- 

Tf.* .•.v,v« ir'>rf.*in wis if an o'i P-rl^ic f-i:i;r. 
'■ L>.'.!* JfA*;t'fi ' ltd hi*! fcrottcri lii •;«:ers C 
'J:*'i .1', a ^roo'i '/A a;r*, w;:h a^ I;::!e Uc: a? :L-r:r 
T^v,r.»-f. >•'*>',>;« the w£T in which she speaks of 
'' tr.* ^.'*ryA" m aoa^ethicg cf Terr !;::> Cjcm- 
'j'-*;^.*. E. P.. 

— I 'Jo not think that Barnstaple old church has;; to fear at its restoring archiz^c'.'s bac-is. 
1 riiii'ji/iW that when the late Sir Gilbert Sci:: ' 
WU1 cilled in ^about l%Cb or before; the good j 
|j4%ple of Barnstaple were anxious to get rid of ! 
»h*;ir 'juaint lead-corered, crooked epire, hat S:r ' 
^*ilh*:rt, with true coniferratire spirit, stoutly ; 
fii\\'^\i\, iuT its retention. When the chancel was 
refttor«:d all the charming old mnral monameots 
w*T() very carefully repaired by Mr. Henry Cane, 
this clerk of the works. The present work is 
hein;( carried out by Mr. John Oldrid Scott, and all 
old work in being well cared for. The pulpit only 
daic» from 1821, and A. J. Bl. most be mistaken 
in fiiippoaing that there is anything interesting 
u\,r,\\K it. It ia to be regretted that the old date 
Wi'.iit seems to have been removed, but A, J, M. 
r.An hardly understand how much architects and 
others, who, like myself, are connected with church 
rfHtonitions, have to fight against. The apathy of 
Kouie of the clergy ia most lamentable. Here is 
an instance, and one which I think deserves to be 

In lH8r> it happened that, from instructions 
ri-cfivftd from Mr. w. K. Ashworth, the architect, 
I rffiov.-ilfd tho clmncel of St. Michael's, Honiton. 
'l*lii:i church coiitnintf, perhaps, the finest carved 
ifiih ruod Rcre^n in Jlevonshirc. A reredos existed 
III \\\t\ cHHt fnd. It was soniewhat incongruous in 
myl««, ricrhapi, and did not agree with the surround- 
iii(;i, Ifiit it had n nmrkiid individual character 
whi(h intf'nsli:d nin. Further, it was made of 
I'luiiNwirk Hiorip. I could not understand how 
llim (iloiiffhhTKhlrn nmlerial had got ho far away 
■1(11 lliii Iti'iTihjne Ificnlily, but the order camo to 
*• ri'movo " I hill romloi, and then the mystery was 
Knivi'd. U'lifH my [wopio ((ot ilown to the upper 
•' hfd " or HurfiicA of the lowermost stone, we found 
llM'rr (until ihon liiddrn nltogctlier from mortal 
ki<»}, cut in largo bold letters, the following 
IrKnnd: "John Hiyan, 8cuIpS Oloster, 1769." 

too this was laid a halfMnny dated 1750 and 

ind with vcrdigriii. Of eoune Uie myBterr of 

Palmwick stone «m lolred at onoo. John 

Ettic. liT*i 1: Gl-:c3»c<r. ciaie Lis reredw there, 
ari :i±- 2Lr^c*d ii :o Hu&i:on azi lixcd it in due 
XTT«e. I fel: a 5:r:c^ yearning towards this 
=.:-£«: re-?"ri :f nj predeousor. whi^fa had been 
■1 «.='-i'v tii fvc ote b::2dred and eleven years, 
::ci =:. IS we h^i a cew in:eraal cell to puc in the 
z.:r:z, ii^z.x\ iU^e wlciow. cZo« by ihe priest's 
-i>;r, I revcre=.:Iy :::«eneii this stone with the 
:i*:T:pt::2 f-::ci cutwiris, so that io future all 
wLv c^«i ciT/it neai ::. I: will hardly be believed 
:b&: this r«-c=:^::03 cf J-rkn Bryan was hailed 
7::h the atz:::: ko>«::l::y by some of the more 
:ic::Te misis upcn the c uildicg committee. I re- 
ceived their crien :cic:«-ii:i:ely ihroagh the archi- 
'.izi '* to rem jve :he a:o=e at once.'' I pleaded for 
it. pleaded for the sake of the Gloucester stonemason, 
who, Uvicg fally a century ago, knew so well how 
to do good work, .ind I believe that I should have 
won my point hid not a resident clergyman (not 
the vicar) insisted upon its instant removat Then 
I declared itaxdily that it was imposible, that it 
was now part and parcel of the window, and that 
the stone should stay where it was for ever. Now 
for the Feqiiel. Daring my absence one of my men 
was actually made to chop out iht old intcripiion ! 

Hasrt Hems. 
Fiiir Paikj Exeter. 

Chatterton's Writings (6** S. vi. 404; vir, 
93,\— To Mr. £dgccmbe*3 remark that "we want 
a popular monograph of Chatterton," it mny be 
stated as generally understood that Mr. John H. 
Ingram, whose paper on Chatterton and his un- 
known ver^e is promised to appear in Harpet^i 
3Jagaziiii this spring, is preparing such a work as 
is suggested. B, £. M. 

Erasmus on Kissing (6^ S. viL GO, 93). — In 
more than one passage Erasmus speaks in warm, 
not to say rapturous, terms of the habit of kissing 
strangers, which, he states, prevailed in England. 
The original of the extract from the letter written 
in 1499 from Ennknd to V. F. Andrelinus the 
poet, at that time professor in the University of 
Paris, may interest H. W. C: — 

" Tu quoque il saii'iB, hue advolabis. Quid ita te juvat 
hominem tam nasutum inter merdas Oallicat consenes- 
cere ? Sed retinet te tuapodsfcra. ut ea, te salvo, pereat 
male. Quanquam si BritanHue dotes latis penidisea 
FauiU, noe tn alatis pedibus hue aecarreres: et si 
podagra tua non lineret, Dsodalum te fieri optates. 
Nam at i plurimiii unum quiddam attingam. Sunt htc 
nynipbflB divinis vultibus, blandie, facilei, et quas to tuis 
canicanit faciU anteponai. Est prtetflrea mot nunquam 
Mtis laudatuf. Sive qu6 veniav, omniuni okuHs ex- 
ciperis; sire diicedas aliquo, osculis demitteris: redii^ 
redduntur lasTJa ; venitur at te, proptnantur luavia ; 
diiceditur abt te, diridnntar batia; oecurritur alioubi, 
baiiatnr affatim ; deniaue quaeunqae te moveas, siiavio- 
rum plena sunt omnia.*'— JPpufoJuruw D. Brxumi Hotf 
ndtmi, libri xxxL fco» LondbL 1042, lib, v. epiat z. 
p. 316. , 

,S«e alio Baylei Didtmutain, «rb 

6*8. VU. fi(Il.I^•43.] 


lote F, Tol. Ti. p. 225, ed. 1820, where, in the 
eouruc of an timusiDg dUaertation upon the nffec- 
jtiuD for Euifland always dispbyed bjr Enaoiua, 
the above paiaime, with the omiasioD of the un- 

rleiisant if charocteriattc reference to FreDchniea, 
fjuoted. Joseph Kswht. 

8co Mr. Froude'a Short Studies on Grtat Sub- 
]icUy First Series. £. H. M. 

A ToHE«EiRi Sati!io : TBS Saddlcr of 

lAWTHY (e** S. vi 208, 335).— I have uicit with 

iinothor vtTJ?ion of this atory, superior in dramatic 

[eU'ect, I lliink in an old Yorki^hire directory or 

_[uide, but cannot refer to the passage now. I here 

give the RubsUkDce of it. A Bawtry saddler waa 

accused of a crime be had not comuitted, tried, 

and sentenced to death. On the w.iy to the 

[gallows a glaaa of ate was offcre«l to the supposed 

calprit, in order that he might not lose heart ; but 

[be Dad already done so to such an extent that, 

rith averted head and downcast eyes, he declined 

kbe proffered dranghc. This little incident neces- 

larilj deUyed the procession ; and had the ule 

>een drunk — to aay nothing of the saddler — of 

mrse more time would have been consumed. All 

lad been over about five niinutes when a brcath- 

messenf^er rude up with a reprieve, just too 

kte to be of service ; " whence," I reuember lay 

author concluding', " arose the saying that the 

uddler of Biiwlry was hanged for leaving bis ule." 

Wilfred Harorave. 


LiDRABlBS IN CutrRCHBS (6^ S. 17. 205, 266, 

m, 327, :j97; vi. 15. 96. 2BH, 294, 336, 418).— The 

ilibRu-y beloajj^inK to St. James's Church, Bury St. 

' . WHS formed in 159S, and from a cata- 

lied, "A copy of nu Inventory indented 

VI UK lit! books which do remain the library of 

ihe Pitrish Church of St. James, in Bury St. 

ICdniunds, the 13th day of October, in the 4Ut 

|year (lf»!>n) of the reign of our Sovereign Lady, 

>Qtieeti Elluibeth, to 1)6 delivered in charge to 

[John Mann, and Briggs, now Churcb- 

iirardens, and by them to he accounted for to the 

laid Parish," it appears that upwards of 200 of 

'the most valuabin hooka were at that time in the 

[lihniry. In 1H47 the books, consisting of four 

|tcT7 ancient MSS. and 475 printed books, were 

tittnoTcd to the Guildhall, wbero Ibey at present 

[lemaiD. Among the mo&t valuable are " Homeri 

Opera, folio, Florent., 1488. Editio Princep*." 

" Alheoaum, Couiment. in, curu Gasauboni, folio, 

Logdun., 1621." " Dion Gaaaiun, folio, H. Steph.. 

1501." " Liviiifl, cum figuris^ folio. Franc, 1578." 

''Pausanirts. Rlitio Princepa. Folio. Yen. ap. 

Aid., 1516.'' "Polybius, cura Casauboni, folio, 

" ,c irno" ••Tflciti, C. Com.. Opera, curA 

itv., 1589." " Xenophontia Opera, 

i,(oUo, Bu*, 1072." 

Williara Eurkitt left hi« library, consisting of 
2,000 volumes, lo the church of Dedhaiu, in K^sex 
(of wHich church he was minister), for the use of 
bis successors in the ministry. 

Wm. FflSK-OVB. 
Bury SL Edmunds. 

HooKES*s " AiiANOA," 1653 (G'** S. rii. 7, 3G). 
— The collation of the copy in the Dyce Library, 
South Kensington Museum, is as follows : — Blank 
or fly-leaf; leaf (or half-title) with "Amanda," in 
large capitals ; frontispiece to face title-pa^.* ; 
title-page; the epistle dedicatory; five unpaged 
leaves; various sets of versos ; five unpaged leaves 
(at the foot of the fifth leaf " Errata"); l-f'S (^t 
the foot of 88 catchword "To"); blank leaf; 
title-p3ge, "Miscellanea Foetica*'; dedication in 
Liilin, " Alexandre Akehurat," 93-6 ; bhrnk leaf 
"H"; 2y9, 100, 101, 202, 203, 104, 105, 2(K(, 
207, liW, 109,210,211, 112-191 (at the foot of 
191, *• Finis"); blank or fly-leaf, containing a few 
MS. notes by Mr. Dyce on rcmnrkahle words, £;c., 
in the volume. R. F. S. 

"Familiarity brkeds coNTEMpr" (4"> S. r. 
285, 430; O"" S. ix. 467, 497; x. 39. 239]:— 

** Le boD traictetiient et In grAnde fnmiliBrit^ qoe leur 
av<z far cy Oovant tenuc voui onl itndu eiivfiricux ooa- 
t^niptible. '—Uobelus, Oai^anlwi, oh. xxxil. 



"Double" Mosasteries (6** S. t. 407 ; vi. 
18, 165, 216, 350}.— I find that to the Gilbertinc» 
there should be added the order of St. Brigitte, 
founded br a priacess of Sweden in honour of the 
Virgin inthethirtcenLhceutury. Her convents were 
intended to shelter sixty nans and thirteen monks ; 
uome of the latter were priests for the service of 
I he church, and others, perhaps, menial serranbi. 
But the most remarkable monastery of this charac- 
ter waa unquestionably that of Foul^vrault, which 
W.1S not only " double," but governed by un abheu, 
generally of hiKh birth. It was founded by Ilobert 
d'Arbriastl, a Breton monk, in 1099, and lasted till 
the French Revolution. It followed the rule of 
St. Benedict, and consisted of four separate estab- 
ILshments,— a house for seventy monks ; another, 
called the "Grand Moutier," for widows and 
virgins ; a third, called " St. Loz&rus," for leprous 
women, and & fourth, dedicated to the M:ig- 
dalen, for penitents. It became a great place of 
education for the daughters of the French noblesse. 
and in its principal church our Henry II , Richard 
Ccfiur de Lion, and others of princely race fouud 

It still exists as " a house of detention for both 
sexes " and state prison. The monastery of St. 
Sulpice, in Britanny, resembled that of Fonl*!vrauIt 
in some of its arrangements. 

Double monasteries wtre frequently condemned 
by Goaxicil8,andfipeciiU ordinances were enacted for 



their regulntion. The history of Fontevrault is 
not freo from fcandals und BuspicioD. The autho- 
rity of the abbess was supreme ; the historian of 
the order relates : — 

**Vn rel'gieux cdm'nUtrant 1e Tia'.ique k TabbetJe 
Jeanne Baptiste <le Bwurbou lui preaenta Thostie en 
di?ant : Acci'/ie, totvr, xuatiettm. Ella lui laisit brusque* 
ment lamainet. rapo»tropliant avec una emotion (fticr- 
jfique : Ditei, d t^s Maier; un arret tous rordonue.*' 

J. M. 

Spanish Proverbs : Estbban Garibat (6"' 
H. iv. 98, 217). — Giiribay was a celebrated 
chronicler of the uiiddle of the sixteenth century. 
He got into disfavour with the Inquisition, being 
charged with witchcrafts and had to fly. His trial 
was thus never concluded, and as he was neither 
condemned nor acquitted it was said that his soul 
could be neither iu heaven nor in hell. Garibay's 
house remained a long time uninhabited after his 
death on account of noises which were heard there, 
said to be caused by his wandering soul. It was 
this circumstance which gave rise to the proverb 
quoted at the former reference ; an equfilly com- 
mon variant sayn, "Estarcomo el almadeGaribay 
que ni pena ui gloria" (which neither suffers nor 
rejoices). R. H. Bosk. 


S. V. 148, 277). — To the contributions already 
made the following may be added: — 

*' And first of the name of Democritus ; lest any man, 
by reason of it, thould be deceived, expecting a pnsqiiil. 
ft latjre, lome ridiculoas treatise (ai i mysrtf should have 
done), some prcdi^riouB tenent, or paradox of the eartl)'8 
motion, of infinito worlds, Vft hi'lnito vacuo, fx fottnittl 
otonwrtnn colHtioae, in an infinite waste, eo caused by an 
accidental collision of motes in the sun, all which Dcmn- 
critus held, Epicurus and their mnstev Lcucippiis of old 
niftintainci), and arc lately revived by CopernicuK, Brunus, 
and *ome otiicrs."— Burton, Anatvmi/ or Melancholy, 
vol.i. p. i. (edit. 1S37). 

F. 0. BiRKBECK Terry. 


CnARI.KS II.'S IIlDINQ-Pr.ACES (C**" S. iv. 207, 
-493, 522; v. 28, 73, 173, 106, 338).— From in- 
quiries m:ide for me in the neighbourhood, I learn 
ih-at Pickcrsleigh ni.iy be numbered among the 
places in which Charles II. took refuge. This 
house, which is not shown, is situated not far froui 
Malvern Link station. There is a secret room in 
the house, the entrance to which is by an invisible 
trop-door in the ceiling of the room beneath. 

Alt II A. 
Kemarkable Comkt in tor Tenth Cj^turt 
vi. 534; vii. 6G).— Sir Edward Sherburne, 
^phtrt of AJaniliuBf 1675, p. 200, has 
a list of ten comets which appeared in 
£arope during the tenth century. Of these one 
Appeared in Germany in 942. A nother was visible 
in Europe in 945, ** of a wonderful magnitude and 
procerity, Katteriog about fiery layet Bod beami." 

<6'»' S. 
iu his 

The comet of 962 was "of an unusual graadeur,* 
while that of 999 was "of a most stupendiooB 
magnitude." C. L. PiiiJrcB. 

Oafino (6* S. vi. 69, 19S, 353).— "Oaf" Is % 
very familiar household word to me. I can remem- 
ber being as often called, as a spur to study, ** a 
stupid oaf" as " a dunce," also " ahumakull "; and 
I dare say I may have carried on the tradition to 
the next generation. R> H. £U8K. 

METRICAL Datb (6* S. iv. 67, 134, 194).— 
One of your corre.opondents has already pointed 
out that this is no date, but a riddle. I find a 
better version of it in a little book with the title 
Camiinnm Provfrbialium Loei Commnnea, Loud. 
1579, where, under the head of "^nigmata," it 
stands thus: — 

" Tcr tria dant septmi, tcU, iileras. 
Ter tria dant scptem. septem sex, sex quAque tret Boat: 
Octo dant quatuor, quatuor ficient tilii septem. 
Usee bene si numeres, facient tibi milia quinque." 

G. F. S. E. 

Hekrt Marten, the Regicide (6** S. iv. 
449; V. 50, 196, 291, 474).— The biographer of 
Henry Marten will obtain a wonderful insight into 
his character by a perusal of the Royalist news* 
papers of the period, 1648-50. He appears to 
have been the especial aversion of the news-letter 
writers on the king's side, the climax of scurrility 
being reached whenever they had him for a topia 
A very bitter reference to Harry Marten, "the 
city bull," appears in Mefcurius Aulicnt of 
Thursday, February 17, 1648 (No. 3), a propo$ of 
the declaration of Lords and Commons touching 
the resolution to make no farther address or appli- 
cation to the king. 

Marten's Christian name was Harry, not Henry. 
He especially alluded to this during his trial with 
the regicides. Finding that he was described as 
" Henry Marten," he objected to the trial, on the 
ground that he was not even mentioned in the in- 
dictment ; but the judges over-ruled the point 


133, Blenheim Crescent, Notting Uill. 

Hops grown in Essex (6"' S. vi. 389 ; viL 
7G).— Many years ago, perhaps about 1830, 1 used 
to attend Braintree Fair, when the bops grown in 
Essex were pitched in a large field and exposed 
fur sale. The extended growth in Kent and 
Sussex gradually drove the Essex hops ont of 
the market, as it has also the Suffolk and North 
Clay hops. J. Greeit- 

Wullington, Surrey. 

" The Bdtterflt's Ball awd GRAsanoppER'a 
Feast" (e*** S. vii. 90) is said to have been written 
by William Roscoe, Esq., M.P. for Liverpool, for 
the use of his children, and set to music by order 
of their Majeities for the Priooeia Maty (Omt 
il0^,, 1806, roL IxzvL p. lOfiS; Halkett and 

VII. Fm. 10, as.] 



lAinif's Diet* of Anonymous LiUratHre, vol, L 
p. 293). I tliink tbal in Jesse's Life nf Hmu 
iirummtll ibtrre la a version of it by Beau 
Srummell. L. L. U. 

AvTMons OF Quotations Wasted (6* S. v. 
388. -179 ; vii. 56, 78, 98).— 

" Two Bouli with nn« thougiit." kc. 

TUe G«m.ttn line-* qaoCed hy Mb. I'latt, and, p. 78, 
ilifTerA little from tliom (^ivcn m n foot-note in Bartlrtt'i 
Faiuiluir Qfutlutiiuti, yet Mr. )[ab«iiall'9 ■Utoracnt 
tUnt tlie f"iin«r w«re written by fiBtm anJ BArtlett'H 
Mltributipn of llio Utter to Van Miinch Ikltiii^lintiicn 
miiBC a;)|>eNr «t 6Ki ligliC contradictory. It mny he a« 
wrll to Mt the matter at rett by snyins tli&t Friodrich 
Hftlm WAS uiily the pteudonym of iho rcitl Author. 


{6<''8. tT. 430.) 
*' Omne rarum ranim, vUescit quotiJianam." 
TUif in one of tho aViairora, I preEuiuc. Itriccursin 
CtfrmiNMM ProvrrhialiHin Loti ComwuRM, p. lS2,Ijon<l.( 
1588. tthcre it ii '' veletcit." in error. Kra*mii« rcnmrka 
in bia Aihi'/iu, p. CIO. Tj|.. Wci:bcl..l62'J : " I'rovcrbiurn 
tit et VftuftttFiinium, ct hi-die utitalininium (rauim 
carum) quod -jf^vlait^ Terau on;ntbuii in nre eat : 

' Quod raruni carum, vlleiicit quotidianum.' " 
This maVu the lin« nielHcHl rather than rhytbmicftU 
which ii aUo tlic case in its other form : 

" Omne novum carum rilcccU qoodidUnum.'* 

iBifKler. Xovtia Th.aamr. Adtuf. tatitt^ p. 262, Stuttft., 

il8<S6. frc-m R. V. W. K.. A^hdrUmitt Axiomatn ^tlecUt, 

p.l!^. AltJorf. id Vin., 1725. The rhytbniicftl form is 

|»robably the oldest. Ei>. Maii9IUll. 

Pariih Iif<iiiiert iu England, thdr IJiihrt/ and ContenU. 
VIp'ith Suggestiont (or Mcur^n;; th'jir better Custody 
and rrnHfTvntton. Attempted by Robert Eilnintid 
Chefiter Waters. Hen Edition. (PrlY&tely printed, 
67, The Grove, Hammfrstnitli, W.) 
VTk rividly call to mind the pleMuro we derived from 
readinp tbe flrtt edition of Mr. Chciter Watcra'a Parisk 
Rtijtitas. It teemed to u« at the time tu tell all that 
wai needed in a way to pleaiant aa to eniure the atten- 
tion of all who oame in its way. That it bat had iome 
ftuccQii we nre well Huured. Pariih repiBters 
-r the most part rcTcrcntly treated, mid it ia 
: .moil thing to find country clergymen who take 
urioua iiili-rest in the Icnowlcdgo which they enibrine. 
Moob of tlii« reform ia due to tho laboura of ]([r. Waters, 
who, in leuon and out if leuoi, haa never been weanr 
«f ihowittt; the trca^urce that lie buried in our old church 
bookr. Tlie prennt tdition niU, we believe, be very 
widely rcitd \\ ia in cvtnr* respect a great iuiprovenient 
«n \U forc^runncffl. On each pngo ue And something' 
Mw, and the fio*h fscts be haa given us ura often of 
(rcttt moment to the student. There is, indeed, hardly 
anibject in any way connected with the history uf the 
Ust tnr^e centuries on whicli bin bu4ik does not throw 
•ont« light. For instance, bo tolls what ii to us a new 
fact about Stephen Manball. tlio Puritan mtnUter, who 
vasoneof the best abased men of his time. By the 
Cooimonwealth Marriage Act a fine of Ave pounds wu 
\t\c\.- ' y one wh<> ihi>u1d use the old serrice In 
thr iiimon Praytr. Still man? persons clung 

to . ijg olhera Marshall, who, though he hod a 

chief hand in compilintj the Directory, yet "deliberately 
made use of tbe Prayer Hook in marrying liis own 
daucbter, when he paid down to the church WMrdr-ns the 
legnl 6ne which he had incurred." Mr. Waters gives an 
interesting mde on wife selUoif, a mode of divorce wbioh 
seems to hnvc been once very prevalent a'oonjr oar 
common people. The padres ot " ^. t ti." eontain many 
examples t>f it, some of very recent date. A gentlemao 
ntiw dea I, who was h-m in tbe latter yt-ars of the last 
century, hna tuld us that he once law on market day, in 
a certain Eastern county, a man offer his utfc for lalo 
with a hempen halter round bcr n^ck. Xettber tho 
conatahteii nor tbe crowd inten'ered, uud she was dii- 
I'oscd of for firo BhillinK*, going away contentedly with 
her new lurd. ^[oat cf the Christian names of the 
Middle Ages were taken from those of the recognised 
saints, but we think not all. We do not profess to havo 
a complete li«t of iainta in our head or in our note^books, 
but shoidd be sarpriied to find HorabilU or Orabill» 
amont; tbo'ii ; yet this name occurs in Madox,/*ormufare 
^»^/t'c., 120. and in tho Monasticon., iv. $t*. tJM. Mr. 
Macray's Xoic* /ron (As JfvniiiUA<s of SL Mnrij Mag- 
doUn Oi>lU<f*, Oxfoid, contains a list of Christian' name^ 
moRt of which, wo believe, may be looked f 'r iu vain in 
the Church's calendara Mr. Waters draws nttontion to 
tbe fnct that until recent days double Christian name* 
were very uncommon. It sconis that there is only one 
double Christinn ntiiie in tbe registers of Westminster 
Abbey before 1705. A long continued search among the 
name lists of the lOTciiteenth century would prove that 
the cuttjm was nnt unknown. For example. Sir Henry 
Frederick Thvnne was cnrated abarontt in lC41.andia 
John Pli lip Hunter scrvid on the royal side in the Civil 
War. Ilnw accurately .Mr. Waters ha^ fixed tbe date of 
the introduction of tuo new fashion is proved by Mr, 
UsTiiillon'i independent reiearcho^.who tells us that tlic^ 
first histaucc be has met with in the WcAt occurs in 1717, 
" when ^irCopestone Warwick lUmpficId app«>nrs among 
the justices who attended the Midsummer tfetiiona at 
Eieter" [QnaHer Sanom from Eli:, to Anne, 270). 

We sather frrra the preface that this most interesting 
and scholarliko book has been proJuced during intervals 
of pain and sorrow. But few of os who are in tbe enjoy- 
ment of good health would have had the Tiorseverance to 
Diasterso large an amount of detail. With the exception 
of one or two misprints we have not found a ungle 
passage that the rooit captious could reasonably And 
fault with. Wltenever Icginlation takes place, as it soon 
mujit, With regard to thcs^- m^'st pncioua documents, wd 
shall gratefully rccfill tbe untiring labours of Mr. Robert 
Gimond Cheater Waters, aide by side with those of our 
late correspondent Prof. Taswell-Langmead. 

an Inwitigation of fA# 
By Robert Brown, Jan., 

T^€ Law of Koimie Ordtr : 

Pki/tieal Anpeet of Tim', 

F.S.A. (Lori|nnans& Uo.) 
Tiix author of The Orrat Dionytiak Mtfth is a UberEons 
stuilent. It socms but yesterday that we noticed his 
pamphlet on the unicorn ((>''» 8 iv. 400), and now 
we have ttncth>.'r smnll book, which must linre taken, one 
would suppose, years of study to bring it to its present 
state of ptrrcetion. The idea of time must have beetk 
r>ne of the very earlieat conceptions of primitive man. 
Night and day, tlie mutiona of the moon and the planets, 
and the rcvulutiona of the fixed stars, most have struck 
our primitive fore elders in a way that we osn but faintly 
realize. Day and night are, of onurao, familiar to ftH— 
the moon's changes cannot pass even now entirely with- 
out notice ; but we believe that there are thousands of 
our countrvmen who tuke uo not© whatever of the stars 
— do not km w .inc from anothor. and understand not 
tbe distinction between " tho pale jewels of Cassiopeia 


C6ttS. VII. FsB. 10, "£81 


"Svw miAj, ?To. cloth, t^r riit. i*«. 


Ih- on. FRANZ VON IlKl'.EK, 

Ulrvrtor nf Ihp Ifeirartan ItttTal an t Kt«*r Ciullcrit-* nf IWnliom, 

I'ruInMw la tlitf l'iu«cmij aDtl r\jl)t*Yt)>i>^' vf Muaicli. 

lU-ti»rd by thr AuMiur 

Tnim:atr>l Kud Aucnitntrd l>r JUSKl'tl THAl'IIF.It CLVKKE. 

With Zlv lllustratkona and a Glowuirj ul Twlinu'ol lVru«. 

t^iwn -^To. oUtth (itnt, I?«- 


ai'i'iTdiiu til thf ItiWc an.! TRidltU>ii« »•! <)rt.' l^■<,p!•-<■ I'riMii 
thr lYi-utuin of .\Lin I.» IH* lh'lu^<>^. »r FUAXV H^* l.LNOKMAN T. 
I'rofiwor 1.1 An-ha>i»l,«v at thr Xatiiiiuil l,r>riry of |'>4nv'«v *e. 
Tmnhlarnl (ruiti lh<-Sr«->n<l Fn-nrh Edtum With an ImnMlucUita 
hj FUANl'Is liUoWN. AHu^-UtU-l*ru[i-*»vr la IhUllrnl I'hlliiloiEy. 
VaiullTb«ulii|tii-al Sk'U'iiiury. ,.Viir rn-i/jr. 

Now iTBiIf. iTown -VII. >Lipar.d FmitUplm'. I'lolh ('\tra f» TJ. 


J.\rAN ; lliv FxptTu-an* ot Twu I'vdnlrlaa TguiM* Ky AUTIIVK 

U.titowK. ruiis. 

Ntiw rc«dT.»T.><in^vi'. ci.iih <Alra I'* ■'./ 


IT.Ur. l-ry. i>^i. iiT CLEMLNr> i:. MAUKIIAM. (.'It. Wiih 
4 Mapi. 

XiatW naJv, la I \-l. dvniT -vo. clolh t\tn. 1-- t't. 


imAlivllAW. J.l*. !orilicl.ounijr..I Chi »ti rand thrClonj- vt Xi-h 


thr I XIVKU^K Sh.'* Inc. hT M'.nn« nf Il\t>Tli.i('tH*. whit I.Kill T 
i»; what Kl.KlTlnrnv U'i ami »li:it 1,1111 i« ; hN" hi.» lo 
lt.i..n.::f Stien.-c ami HHmi'.n HT M»J-"" «'. ?.f.lKiWKh. Ilwjul 
KnfTiui'crf , (.'niwD ?Ti*. t-Iuih t-xtra, 7* '"(• 

NuHrcudr.ln 1 vol- dciiiT ■•ro Hoth ratra, nith a I'urtrait and 


SOITH AFIIH'A. I-T- tol-rfl. A MiiHOlr nt thr liti- fid A W, 
III i:Xl'iM(1>iltuTril i:ni.'ini-«-r« I f>iit*'d \>j hU Hruthcr, LiftUt.-Cul 
£. lJl'XUFi>UI>. I'uitraii abd Utruv Mj>p. 

2 v<i!!t rptun -tu. I'lritll, l.'l(. 


111:01 !4 and I Iil.(j1 KltKIi ( Altl'.Kll . iit ll'nn'* anil at thi- Antl- 
pnh-F. Hjr Al.i:\AM>KU TUJ.MEU, l.\-C>»tMiii.*M'<ii».r ol Tt.lnv in 
South Auntnilu. 


ItAl.I.KltV. A ('ilir«-al buuiy uniht! llnllnn riitiiri-i trt'lnnifinu lo 
th<- Nalion iviiKJTiilnii thdr Auth<-nii<'tt> hikI II Hurw \:ilii<'; In- 
<-|u<hnt.'ANiiti>-r<tt lh»: I'nlntlDKii n-i'i'iHlr i'"i*'li.i»i rl m the llamll- 
fm sah- liT lir J I'AI'T. KM Aiilhor of "Tlic 
Olti<-ial<'iita|(«u(>»l ihr I>ui«ii-h I'lilliKi-li-illrry,' A>-. i:iu«lntcU 
Mith !■> ll«-ll"tfni«ur*-*. Wixxl KT.i!niTini:«. aiil Krriilnua In nuxlliitn 
4t'i Ixtuad In half iuur*Ki:<j. Hlth ^ilt i-iint*,'J. ll'« •-/ ; vluth. liJ l'», 

With liicn'than HiTi'n Ilundn-d ]llu*tmtluni, 

ART and ARCHEOLOGY: an Illus- 

iraliil l'i<-tliMiarr ut thr li-rin* umM In Art anl .Vrrliu-'ilojj. Ily 
J W M<il.].l.ri, II A. With a>iuut ::>; Wuud Knitniiinit*. Hiuall 
4tM fttr»nKl]F huiind Iti cloth, I Ji. 

I^Jirxr kro ,]uth f\tru, Kilt top. unrnt (tlpt-k, l-.' 


Uy UhUlUiV. i: KunhllKUKY. Wlih ••■1 I1lii»tntt<inii. kivIdr 
Kiaiii|>h-a tl^iiii llip l':nihi'*t I'trl'iit <i[ the ritirrnrli Ct-ntury— 
hh'iMliiv thi' (irlirin of th<- Art- diiwn lortH- ITrMjil Itiiy, tm-tudlRc 
many of the Tuy flnol Lxuinpka uf WmhI UiiKniiiUK* by Living 

Now ready, with a*iont M lllMiWlMi. nytl •?<). cMb citm. «*. &/. 


Ewrupeu EJIiUhi. Jl'NB ta N0VEMBSa.lS4.>. 

Now rpsdy. tUutnUl. 13a). clotH. \2$. M. 

RAGNAROK: the Age of Fire 


?'?ir!.' I" 'C^'ATira UUNNELLY. Author ot "AlLuitU: th» 

Aatcdllaviaa W«rld." 


IbiD); IVraiHial KxpeH^.-M aa Narrmtnl hy Nl'XW)WE GHBEN. 
S**!:^?.."..* ".'LV.*^'-^' ''■*'* l'^*" ■ E«-Vl».»»rt^Wcot nf tha 
shiMvdItt-h and S|iJtallii.-ld> laiTCTMl U^Kiuaioa thtcirty*. Craws 
»vu vlutbcxitn.flj. 

The BOYS* PERCY. Being Old 

lUIlAdsuf Waf. Adrentnrr.and l,oTf, Fp.nn IllahnpThomu Piivy'i 
■■ICHioii.<«Ml Anci*-)! KnKlUhroriry.-- KliHil t<ir II lya hyHIIlNEY 
r I.AXIKU. Wiih :<! lllnMnttlima. In li.indaornr rlirth bindiac. 


H'^iory <>( Knilivh rr>M» Fiction fnnn Sir Thomai M tlirr to Gtant 
I:l.iot. 11} IkVYAUU Tt CKEUUAN. Cimwukvo. cl.j||i pstn,9<.Srf. 


rryinn %\o. cloth catt 


I. St. 


auJ Ita Sul.l«.i:s. Ily Mr. SEiUfLlNT UUIUN^ON. 
Jiut puhlUhed. anull pwt -rj, cloth t-xtra. haoil».>nip1y bound, Ct. 

The LADY MAUD, Schooner Yaoht: 

a Xarrativc of li^- Low on onr of the lUhaina Can. By W CLlUK 
UI>.'.i:lL. Author 1I The WttcW uf thv (iroaV^or. " •■ A MUlori 
^wrvthc«^t,"A;e. ' -»'»*'"«^" 

"Thli la another ot th«*e bcwitrhinx oarratirM of ihf ua by which 
Mr. OdrlL l!usM'll k't* us all loneinc t-j he art-nt . . . . WV hcwtUr r*- 

(.■••luiurml ' The 1 JiJy Maud ' to our rtnii'r* u the m^Ml wi'lcoma ntllel 
from th^conTi-ntiunitl p\tttr<it the fitatiioaablc nivvl. Ni-rerwtftclh* 
frvihm-M and Irwduui of Iht: djrk bloc aea better diaploynt " 

... ... CftHil J^ 

'Xo n->vvl of the vtnaational Khool i-an contnin Inridi-nta norv ca^ 
CQlatnl to thrill th>- ri'udvr th^n lhi> talv of the avu, lull of aJreniaK* 

tliiii all prMm«>u will a*-Kii.tM led^c to be pnwbh- A^ s wrltrronall 

ikUlijn-ti> fonitivtcd n ith ilic mu and lhoa«> who llvv on It. Mr HumfM U 
HDliout a IIi% [m-M-nt w-irk It hnpcrl'ir in nny of hia pn>*|ii!if 
produi-tlwna. aud nlll Lvrvtid with cngrotaiDK ialemi.'—MorHiH^ I'ltl. 

ROBERT POCOCE, the Gravesend 

llUtiirlan. NatunlUt. Aiithjiiarlan. nnd I'rInltT. IlynEtllinEM 
Al(Ni]LI>, Author of '-Urm:irki about UnTnenJ In Utdva IJut*'* 
tie. Crowu nvo. ilgth, prict: g«. * 

Now rriuly, New nnd ltpvi»cd Eiitlun, rloth. prirf 2». HJ. 


M-tJor JdXt^i. I'DltM stiitvi 0>n»ii1 at NVwctwtle-on-Tyie. With 
lUpa. A Uuiiiplvcu Uuid'.- to the I'oiled Slatit. 



ttAXllDUN. Kmail p<j«t «vu. cloth, -J'. 6J. 


Mr. Sanborn knew Thon-au Intimately. Livlnc in OmK-ord dnnne titr 
lattT ycamof 'riioriMU'* Ii(f, mi-ptinv him nhtioNi d.ii<T, nrtn^'aat coni- 
p.inlon ot th<> pi-oplr whn h»<l u««H"atcil wKli lilm troiii clilldhtnl. aUil 
tiaviDxapt^'ouml n«pi>i't Inr tli*^ inin in hpite nt h:« iT'vntri^ moiMU 
and wnj«. hv wa* ptH-ulliiriy well tttted to In' Tlmniiu'H biotrmphtT. 
And, iiinrcovrr, Mr. Hjtnburn it a irri>sLt lover of 1.' >iii"ir\]. Up apprvculo 
ih<- old lonn iborotiiihiy.aKd ih« people who have ronirlbuttHl to BiaSt* 
It faniou*. And the vhorm ot hia book, it very Lively Id th? CttncwJ 
port of It. 

Crown BuildingP, 188, Fleet Street, F.a 

rrlDltd bj JOHN r. rR&KOlB. AthtnvDm Prm, Took*! Coort, ChMaefr Lum, RC: mnA PoMUliti br the «ld 
JUUM a r KASf CIS, M Xih su, WtUlocVA Stnrt. Hiwd. W.d-^tWHotejs A6f nvy 10, liu. 


% IRcMum of gntcrcotnmuniation 



Wk«n found, rnak* ft ttot« of."— CaRAIX COTTtl. 

No. 164. 

Saturday, February 17, 1883, 

JUSTIN SIMPSON (Uto of SUmford. Lincoln- 

•' Bhirn. OmmImM kftd Topagfftpb«r. Oompllir at tb« " LibmId- 
•b(rt cwTtnlMUb OttaoKr TraJMuiieli T«k<M." Ao . Coatnbuiar af 
SjttnoU tutftototedl fKim P«riili lUfMnB, *«, Ui U)« ft^i^vary. 

otb«r Fublw uAotc T«fa» ■od<i»u.>A4dr«« 177. Htrmiid. WO. 

redigNM of oDWftrda of »,IM PhtallUt. tbowlw Id MMh ft 4l»o« 
Lloeal l>MO«at from Wnita« Um OiMMnit. ~ 

-A. lllLL.I«,C»»lM>rP«>M>Mt. W.C. 

fiMMftlofliOkl MU«k« 

LIBRARY CATALOGUES for Reginlenng Books 
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dm t)L No. 164. 

0ATAL4>aU^. f*«. Vlll. iverr tBUNftlnil, It pp. pgrt tttt.- 

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^' ThmdiMcdli KiTMi, B.C. : rbknnR Oon. K w. •. uiford KtrrM 
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fb r^bm an i>«!l«4 t* m4 in B0US805 k CLEATER. Bd- 
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t •pcrioc t BnEnrnam. 

S S . UA^ 4»»«4 

|1l4l« « (0Mrtl«Ma-«*4 M 


h«co«. rtlunt I ■«MaM,4Cltn«r.BciflHt.bwc» 

vort4-wi4« fkBc' 



Or VATUSAL AIR PUairiEB, ■ ftapMt paw- 
6k, pnimeiatt by ilBplt. flow » iB iM* U«^ 1^ 
tatav. Rfiraafalac tad lualllir MuntloM of the 
piM ftsi mfl*l7pts> fomt^. The unit cffeetin 
aad acrMkblt dWafMteat. 

PrlM U.i br pwt te U«OaP«- 
»f,B(na4i IS, Bdtat Street; and SI, Cgr&hni, 

HOLLOWAT'S PIU.S.— There ia uotluzi^ m the 

1^ Mw HTla^tf <rf tb«lf HUoQ t> iDBkacn^wlftda, Ho-dmilMLmii » aiul 
«M Artnc or MtltHi p*^» In tbf vnrA, bbhIh, and rtnc*!- DIm*» 
•f llili pAlvn sfglA ftU la bM hlooi ka9 Ifpnrhi hom^an, kih] ontf L 
H^MTJtfl e«TTH'<] tEitrt c«.ii be no E«riiLfeafijt fltire, Tbi ^nlJEirUr 
MIlMlil valj tJfrtti. t^mporkrr rrllrf, iLd IN tti'- eU'1 tLriuffrrrr if *J 
lip la cm. llr>JlDirBT'i Oiutmr-Iit ii«Gicir*Erf tbc buHklU tTitclD U 


Th« PROFITS p«U fa Caafa by Um STX LIFB OFFICR an 
Bccptiocanj larx«. ttwryaming thoaa bltbarto gtTCn, aod Cor 
vkidi Ui« Sod«t7 had hma ao jaatlj Dotad, and mvengiiif 

173 per cast, of the AbbbI namtinn (more than 
1} FnmiamM:, bow p«jabla in Cash ; 

9U F«r eeuL of the ABnnal naoiiam f mim than 
81 PteaiiiBniS' added to the iom aaotfod. 

EsenpCfiad man CbHj, at the aTmc* afe 35, bj tha IbOaw 
ln( table:— 


' PnmlBn 










£. *. d. 

£. *.d. 

£. «.dL 


age 35, 

41 8 1 

87 1« 1 

25 19 9 


■46 M 9 

01 17 1 

£3 9 S 



4€ 13 7 

84 4 4 

19 19 8 


46 U 11 

76 13 11 

16 r 3 


£28 6 8 

55 8 If) 

S3 8 8 

11 « 5 

7* 8 3 

101 16 6 

3 19 8 

fDton proflta. 

£3r>9 8 5 

£525 14 7 

Aaatming fatote profits an as large (which may be con- 
ftdmtly expected, owinv to the increatfaf bnsineM and lai^e 
nscnres of the (^mpany). New Bnttanta may anticipate that, 
on a Policy for 1,0001., the Bonos will, after 30 yean, amooat 
to 5S51.: the Cash (with 4 per cent, iaterest) equal snsL; or 
yield a continoal redoctlon of the Premium amoooting to 
24/. 14f. 

Ages other than 35 In proportion to the Prandmns dtargad. 

N.B.— Bonos Options at each fMrision. No Partnership 
Liability. Modem Pnctloa. Simple Proposal Forms. Inune- 
dUte Bettlementu 



The VOLUME, JULY to DECEMBER, 1882, with the INDEX, 


Cases for Binding, price 1«. Zd, post free. 

JOHN C. FBANCII?, SO, WeOlngtoa Stre«l» Stmd, London, W.a 

o"s.\n.FE».i7.-83.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


i.<j.v/-.,,v. SATURDA r. FSBHVAnV IT, 

CONTENTS. — N* 161. 
NOrES:-Th« FamUyof Lowe of Derbyshire, IJl-Ctpt, W. 
Blftlr, R.N.-R«v. « M«nti«U. 152-N*wt>try the pnblUhtr. 
124— French Kbymef in KnglUh Poetni — A PortnUt of 
&hakipi«r« ~ Tli« Aaron Borealli. 1S£— Boiii]i«« Id Sdol- 
UDd— Blrer-Nuulng— LoDj^Chaptcrt— Dryden. IW. 

OCTERIBS;— QunrtloQB to librmrl&ot. ISG-Duke of Slnrllcb 

— Dakeof PoUDevr— Land of PtrtetDon- Ultimo, TnsUnt. 
anil Prr>xfiao— Pembroke CollegB, CAmbridg*— Sir J. Rty- 
noIil»-Woo.lraff Fwally, 127—" Brntly to borl ■*— 0)d Pnia- 
•Ibo Luisuvfl — BmrrU— Al(lon>— P'don Ikori — SpeDcer 
ftmlly — Old Eufliih BUck-Ioltor Hlble-" H»on!b«l mI 
port*«"-N. GiMcock, 15i— "The Penrlen Prtncipl*,*' Ax. 
—Sir D. •iKin— CooLbani De^n-lHctor Ho£0*l Wriltogs— 
An Old PlctDte— AnthoM Wmtcd. ISO. 

BBPLIES :— HoofcMi " Ammd*.*' J0.-.3. ISO-Andeol Chnreb 
PUte, ISt — Tennis— Eulr MuriagM. 1S1— Portnlt of 
ChulM L-" Pickwick Paiwrt"— rmnmow Flitcb, 135— 
r<4lo«rera of ""H. it (|."— B Oerbter— Bookx writteu In 
L«tlo br Modernx— " Dalterflj'K BkU," Ae ■>" JotnUc the 
aftjorlty "— Woand for Winded, 1S&— The Owl ut Etoblem 
ol Doalb— Ulber. Moltber— SAfftb, DooheM of BiUrtboroogb 

— Lew nf OnTlUUoD, 137— A Poet deeoeoded from ■ King— 
Illeck BjuUkhei— Tbe Curfew, i:tS— The ManhkU of 'Na- 
poleon L— Anthora Wiuited, 130. 

?rOTE8 OX BOOKS :— HewJctt'i " Xotet on DtjrnlUu la the 
PecnMTo of ScoilAnd "— Davmu'i '•niilorr of Sklpton"— 
^c<>ll) "C. 8oanet« "— Idue'i "Anblu ^dety in tbe 
Mld.lle Aret." \c. 

HoUots u> OorretpoDdenti, 


In tbe sixth fdition of tho Landed Gmtry, Sir 
Bernard Burke i^ somewhat UDfortunate us regards 
fats account of this fatuily ; but no doubt, whea 
biB Rttention is called to (be iuaccaracies, he viU 
faare them corrected at the earliest opportanity. 

The copy made by Wolley of a certain docn- 
meat in do way indicates, as Sir Bernard, when 
citing; it (ii. 991), Bsaumes, that the three persons 
of flimilar names meutioned were brothers, or, 
indeed, related at all. Moreover, they are not all 
alike styled in it "del Lowe," as we are further, 
bnt erroneously, informed oti the same page. 

The Lowes of Derbyshire descended &om two 
of three brothers, who were Li^nrence Low (ser- 
jeant-at-law), Thomas Low, and George Low. No 
documentary evidence yet produced makes men- 
Uon of any other brothers. On the contrary, 
what does exist implies that there were no more, 
^though, beside them, there may have been a 
aister. This evidence stands thus on the record : 

" Hoc e»t finalif concordin factn. in Carls domlnl Regis 
tLpiid WettTnuDastcriuu a die Sitncii Michaelisin quin- 
daeim dies anno reguomm Honriei Kcgi^ Anglic et ffnocic 
Mpttnl a ConquMtu tercio," he. " Inter Jobannem 
Wyot. qMerenleoD, el Laurcnciam I>on-e et Humt'riduin ' 
Liwe ft MargaretaiQ uxorem ejus, dcforoiautei, do 

Mancrio di^ 1 ' 
ui«<u(ig:iiii, \ 
acrin (iruti, i 
noruui et bruere, 
iolidatii rcdditus. 

'<' qua>]raftinta 

t ?rr«, centum 

. , - ^ i.i:s acriijHta[v- 

duoeniii acru more, el quindecim 

ac redditu nnius Hbre Ciinini, cum 

pc rtintnciw, in Dcnby et KyUiurup ; UDde placUum eon- 
Tencionitminiiiionitum fuit inter coi in endem Curia, ecllt- 
cet, quoJ prc'lictiLnureiiciuiet Hamfriijuset MarKareta 
reoognoTerutit predlcCa M&nerium, tcnementa et rcddltut, 
cam pertinenc'tis, ettc jus ipsirm Johannii, at ilta que 
idfm JiiliiLnnr.<; habot do dono ]iredictomm LaorencU et 
Uumfridi et JMarRnrelo. KL pi-o bac recognicione, fine 
eC C'^ncordia idem Johannes oonceiiit prcilicto Lnurcncio 
predicta Mancrium. tcnemcnta ei reddituit. cum prrti' 
no nciift, et illn ei reddidit in eadem Curia : llabenda et 
ten<>ndK eiJem Laureucio, nbsque impettcione Taftti. de 
cnpitalibui dominis feodi iUiiu, per serricia •']ue ad prc- 
dicta Manerium, tencnientn cC rodditus pertinent^ lota 
vita ip»iu9 Laurcncii. Et jiust deccuum ipaiui Lanrencii 
predicia Manenum, tent rnvntn et reJdiiu*, cum perlU 
nencii*, integre renianebunt pr«dictii Homfrido et Mar- 
Rnr^te. tonenda absque inipcticiotie vaiti do capitAlibus 
duininia feodi illius. per serTicia qoe ad predicln Mane- 
nam, tenements ct redditofl pertinent, tota rita ipiiui 
Uumfridi. Kt poat dcicesMum ipfliut 1lumfri>li predicts 
Manerium, tvuementa et redditui, cum pcrtincnciii, 
intep-o remancbunt bcrcdlbus m&icallfl prodicti Lau- 
renoii do corpure too procreatle, tencnda dc Ctipitalibus 
dominis feoui ilUus per serriota quo ad pre<licla Mane- 
rium, tenementa et redditui pertinent imperpetuum. 
Et si nullufl lierej nmscului de cor^Kirv igwiu* Liureocii 
fuerit ['rocrcatui, tunc predictA Muncrium, tcncmcnta 
et reddituj, cum pertincncil?. inlogre remanobunt 
Georgio Lowe fratri prcdicti I^urencii, et beredibus 
masculia de corporo sao procreatis, tencnda dc capttali- 
hus doroinii fi^odi illius per nrrvictn quo ad predicta 
ManeriuiM, trnt^mcnta el redJitu* ]>Lttincnt imper- 
peiuriin. Et 81 continent quol idem ijcorpiut obierit 
sine herede maecujo de corpore «uo procreato, tone pott 
deocBsam iptiue Georgii predicta Manerium, tenementa 
et redditui, cum pertinenciin, inlcgre remanebost Tbomo 
Lowe fratri predict! Oaorgii, et hercdibus masculis do 
corpore tuo procreatis, tenvnda dc capitaiibus dominie 
feodi ilHus per aervicia quo ad predicta Manerium, 
tenementa et rcdditiu pertinent tniperpetuum. Et si 
contingnt quod idemTliomtu ubierit sine herede masculo 
do corpore luo procreal >, tunc post dccemum ipaias 
Thome predicta Manerium, tenements ct redditun, cum 
pertinenciia, integre remanebunt lieredibua de corpori- 
bus predictorum Hurofridi et I^Iargnreto procr>.*atif, 
tenenda de capitaiibus duminii feodi tllius per sorriol* 
que ad predicta Manerium. teoomonta at redditus per- 
tinent impcrpotuum. £C n nuJIus here? do corponbus 
predictorum Uumfridi et Margarete fucrit procreatus, 
tunc predicta Manerium, tcnt^^lenta et roddituo, cum 

Scrtinenciis, int^'i^'e rrtnanclmitt Ricardu Newton', de 
lewton* juxta \V>dforJ', et hcredibus maBoalia de cor- 
pore 8U0 procreatis, tenenda de capitalibui dominis feodi 
illius per serrioia que ad predicta Manerium, tenementa 
et redditus poriiuc^nt imperpetuum. Et li oontingat 
quod idem Bicardus obierit sine herede masculo de cor- 
pore 6U0 procreato, tune post doceisum ip^ius Rioardi 
predicta Manerium, tenements ct rtKlditus, cum per- 
tinenciia, integre remaaebunt recti* beredibui predict! 
L&urencii, tenenda de canitalibne dominis foodi illius per 
servicia que ad predicts Manerium, tcncmcnta et roddU 
turn [sic] pertinent irapcrpetuuni— iJiirbia." — Feet of 
Fines, CO. Derby, MicbaelmaaTcrm,^ Henry VIL 

The only Lowe family of any note sprang from 
tho township of La Lowe in Shropshire, of which 
one Balph de h-% Lowe was lord \&. "^ IL^^w.'^X. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. te^s.Tn.r£M7,'w. 

iv»'« /VjVwiflWfi^iry IVtitt, \l div. 3, p. 39^). 
l«OMtotf{«U fEVOvnll; need not bv reiuJoded 
' It waa A family of oonnidsrable amiDence, 
M of which Donrisbed in the oonntiM of 
BUfTord, and WoroMter, und ended io 
heir^uea. U U, therefore, matter for re^et that 
Sir Iferaard ahoald have been led (in&dvert«Dtly, 
DO doubt) to rpeak in the wme Tolume (p. 1450) 
of the "auoient Cheebire stock of the family of 
Lowf ," Probably one ino^ntive to the appropriation 
of the Mioeatry of this family by others bearing a 
similar name ia fnmiabed by the popular belief 
that these bumi fide. Sbropahiro Lowes were kins- 
m«a to John Lowe, the renowned Bishop of 

Further, it is not shown that the stuRle branch 
of this family which contiouod until modem times, 
namely, that seated at Locko in Derbyshire, died 
out in the male line in 1785 with Richard Lowe, 

F,, as Sir Bernard states under ^' Lowe of Benby 
Looko"; for the gentleman in qneatton, 
|out}h he chose to bequeath tbe property to bis 
innt, left a nephew and heir-at-law. Stead Lowe, 
iq., residing in America. 

James Qreknstrket. 

The monument erected by order of Parliament 
to tbe memory of the three cnptains killed in 
^^Rodney'a action bean the following inscription : — 
^^H C«ptain Willihin Payne 

^^1 CiirUin William Illftir 

^^H Captain Lord Hubert Mnnners 

^^H were iDortAlly wounded 

^^r In the oourio of the naral enicagf menti 

I no Jsr tbe conimiutd of A<IrDtraI Sir ( t rorgf^ Ilr y<1fi;ei Rodney 
'' un tbo ix nnd xii April sii-ccLXXXll 

^^H in memory of their *erTtco« 

^^H tbe King and Parliament of Great Britain 

^^r bare cauKd thid moriumcnt to be erected. 

Cjipt. Willitim Blair, whose services were thus 

hignly prized by his country, boa been so in- 

' accurately described in the works named anie^ 

f48 ("Biographical Dictionaries "), that perhaps 
nmy bo idlowed to quote tbe words of an account 
of him in a MS. now before me, written for 
the Duke of York by H.R.H/a desire :— 

"Captain William BUIr. ion of Daniel Blair and Bar- 

ir«, lUughtor «»f Sir John Wliitefoord, Earl., wr« boin 

Edinbro' in 1711. In tbo Kojal Nkvy, hecommitndoc) 

e ' HolpUln ' Frigate in the action with the Dutch off 

la Doirtter Banlr , and during a pprt of the action ocou- 

Bd with bit Frixato a ftntion in tbe line : ho fo dif- 

i|[ui«)iod hiiuMlr' during mKagcment. in which he wu» 

>undeil. tlint after belnif prriented to his late Mrvi<'ity. 

paid that Flrot a rliit ou (heir return to |»orl, LorJ 

rich, the thoi) Flrft Lord or the Admiralty, made 

Blair, by commaDd of His Majeity. th'' ofT^r to 

id Bnj lineor hattlo ship not in <. 

iMiit.' a new Nhip. waf fixed on, ru 


' An«"n ' j->ine<3 hi* Fleet : dnrin? that tnemnrabi 
ttctif>ii witii the French wLich i-rovrd aa hounnitle to 
Hitttah ekill und courage, Captain Blair wu killed ht a 
cannoD-halL and the Parliament, juatty apprfciaiioeh 
meritf, and tfaoie of the other two captain* killed on 
that Dccmaion, erected in Wastminitar Abbejr a moss- 
merit to their aiemory. So flattering a tcatimDay of 
l>ubt)ck ai'probfttion cannot It foo htgkljf eiCmolaa hy 
tkt ixiatiwu of iA<M bran aiea," &c. 

These last worda may well be emphasized in thee» 
days, when considerations of taste in monumental 
art threaten the remoral of memorials which, how- 
ever they may fall short of ipathetie ideAl.«, are 
none the less precious to the kinsmen of the 
departed heroes. CapU William Blair's mortal' 
remains were, by hia own request, committed to 
the deep; and it ia interesting to note that tfae> 
sculptor who executed tbe monument obtaineil 
sittings for the medallion of the deceased from 
his brother, Capt, Thomas Blair, H.E,rC.S., of 
Walton Grove, Surrey. 

William Blair was unmnrried, bnt his brothers^ 
Thomas Blair, of Walton Grove, and LieaL- 
Gonenil Sir Robert Blair, K.C.B., both left a 
nnmerona progeny, who, to ase the words applied 
by Charles II. to Home of tbe same family, " have 
been emulary of tbe virtues of their nncestora. 
It ifl not a little remarkable that of the twelve 
mole descendants of tbe above two officen who 
reached the nge of manhood, all, without excep- 
tion, served their country in tbo Indian empire, 
while three Miea of the family fell victims to tha 
mnrderous treachery of the natives at Cawnpore:. 
The family is a branch of the ancient family of 
Blair of Baltbayock and Balgillo, and is probably 
the only branch with unbrokpn mnle descent. 
William Thomas Blair, H.E.I.C.S., eldest son of 
Capt. T. Blair of Walton Grove, died at Twicken 
ham in 1881 at tbe ripe age of eigbty-eight, 
having been for many years tbe chief of the whole 
race of Blair, according to the dictum of one of 
the kings of Scotland, who, on a question of pre- 
cedence was unable to decide whether the Blaii* 
of Perth or Ayr were tbo oldest family, and «o 
pronounced that the age of the chiefs for the tinii 
beioK should retnilate- the precedence of thw 
re«pective families, A. T. M. 



I have spent some time and a considerable 
amount of trouble in oollectinf; biographic^ notices 
of this divine, and shall be much obliged to any of 
your correapondents who will aid me in coropletinii 
them, especially as to the deUiils of his life duiiofr 
the time he wu deprived of bis livinff, 

Gerrase Marshall was tbe eldeat son oP Tbomi^i 
^f'^fh-^ll, of Marston, and aftn-r- r^J- -r m ..t- ^^ 
>1n, who died Jan. 
to tbe VisiUt 




then sg»d eighteen, and mn«t therefore hare beea 
bora in 1616. In Dagdale's VislUtioQ of York- 
■hire, 16GS, he U described u of Wbattoa-ic-tbe- 
V»le, CO. Noltiogham, u manied and hariDg issue, 
bat ihe names of his wife and childreo are not 
jnren. Be was of Magdalen College, Cambridge, 
B.A. 1G37/S, M.A. 1641 ; ordained deacon by 
/obD, Biabop of Peterborough, Juno 9, 1639 
(jLth^r Ordinum in Vititacione Vni ArchWpiy 
1C67 txfiibitorum, now kept iiojooi; the records of 
the Exchequer Court at York). iJe was ricar of 
Wh&tton AS early »a 1G48, as appears from the 
baptism of his eldeat 800 in the re^^iater there: — 
"Gerraa the aonne of Gervas and Elizibeth 
Marahali was [bapci7.ed] the 10th day of October, 
aooo sapradiclo [1G48], the aaid Gerraa Marshall 
being the vicar of this parish of Whatton cu' 
Aalockton." Previous to becoming vicar of 
Whatton he probably resided at Newark, as I 
£nd in a Subsidy KoU (Hundred of Newark and 
fiassetluwe, oo. Nott'm., 16 Car., June 18, 16-12, 
Public Record Olfic«, No. 160,303). under bead 
*' Newurke towne," *' Gervas Marshal], Ciark," 
assessed at Jj* viij'*. 

From a Return in Inquiaition taken at Nottiog- 
iiam, August 1-1, 16a(), Lambeth MSS. voL xiii., 
fo. S51, eoiitled ''A Survey of Church Lands, 
Anno ICld," I extract the following: — 

" Tlie tinprapriac'on of Whsttnn, w'* is worth one 
hundred jMundi p' Aouum, in the poftetsion of TUumu 
Bbipman. jjeDtl*. ttiQ Impropristo*, who rec?ivrs tb« 
tt'Atci thereof to hit owne vie. And the Viociriii|re of 
WliaUiiii Ltul Aslackton, which ii worth forUe m&rj^ci p' 
Annum, tn tbo Donac'on of Mr. Sbipui&n. Uerrate 
}I«nliKll, Cicrka, the p'tent IncumbeuC, who receives 
the p ffiiiea of the saiJ Viccaris^e f<ir his sallary and 
«uji|dici the Cure dilixcntly^ prtachinge twice erery 
Lords day." 

The next Dotices I God of Gervase Msrshall 
show him as vendor of lands in Notlinghauuhire 
to the fourth and tifth years of the CommoDwealtb, 
when we may suppose that be bad been ejected 
from his living, and bad to sell hia property in 
order to support himself and his yount; family. 
Among the Feet of Fines in the Becord Ollioe are 
these, of which I give abstracts: — 

** Eaatcr, 1652. Final ssreeinent 6ited morrow of the 
AMeniion, IfiTri. Becwscn John Orenuric. gent., jtit., 
ik.nd iitriM iMarshall, clorke, boJ Elix&bcth hU wife, 
dtfli., of one ineftiuage vid two cotia^et in li^nton. Said 
Oerrai kiiil KItzahcth Hcknowlcdjje the raid nremite* to 
be tlie nebt nf the sutd Jobo, and for this acknowIedKe- 
ment said John hath given aforesaid Gorvu and Eliu- 
beth 41/." 

*' Easter. 16^. Final Kf^roement dated from EBster 
fifteen dii;« in the year I'J^J. Between John Stanbanck. 
pit., and Gerrau MsrthaU, clerke. and EUxibeth his 
wite, dtfU, of two cottagefl, one croft, four acres of Und, 
and common of pnature in Edinitowe, otberwi«e l:^dwin- 
stowe, for which said John paid them 4U." 

We bear oo more of Qervase Marshall till after 

the AeetoratioD. What became of him in tbe 

time: and wa« John Stanbank a relative of 

his ? John Gregory probably was, as, if X am not 
mistaken, he was tbe father of Anne, wife of Ger- 
vase Sbipman, brother of Thomas Shipman, of 
Scarrington, who presented Gervase Marshall to 
the living of Whatton, September II, 16C2. it 
being then vacant by the death of the last iocum- 
bent (iDBtitation Book at York). When Marshall 
was first presented to Whatton the putron was 
Thomas Shipmao, grandfather of the above Thomw. 
Ilis daughter Elizabeth married Richard Marshall, 
of Brandon, co. Lincoln, of tbe same family as 
Qervase, but what the exact reUtionahip of the 
one to tbe other was I am unable to state ; it is a 
point I ahoold much like information upon. 

Both Richard Marshall and Thomas Shipman 
were on the Royalist side, and though Gervase*a 
name does not occur in Walker's Sufferingt 
(if tlu Clergy^ and his restoration to the bene- 
fice took pldoe on the death of the last incum- 
bent, it la difficult to assign any other reason for 
bis not being incumbent from IG^O to 1662 than 
th« supposition that he was a Royalist It is worth 
noting that the registers of Whatton were not kept 
during his absence from the living. 

I have already noticed the baptism of his eldest 
son before the Commonwealth ; bis youngrst chtld 
was baptized at Whatton after his re^tonition to 
the living : " Mary y daughi' of Mr. Gervas and 
Elizabeth Marsbaltwas BaptizI 12day of January, 
1662" (i.e. 1GG2 3). Ilis wife died soon after: 
" Elizabeth y* wife of Gervas Marshall, vicar of 
this church, was buried y« 30**^ day of novemb. 
being S' Andrewea day, in j* Year of o' Lord 
1063." Gervase Marshall was buried at Wbatton, 
March 21, 167!ty6. Uis will was proved by hii 
son Thomas in the Consistory Court at York. The 
following is a verbatim copy of the original : — 

" In the naino of god Amen. I Gervu Marshall af 
whatt&n in y' Countie of nottingham Minister Ihe 
ei(;hteenth of March lt)73 beins in porfect health and 
good remembrance thnnki be to All Alinhty Ood my 
maker and redeem*^ whome I put mv wlinl) tni*tin, when 
)io ifhall thinke good to take me out uf thi« m<<rtall world 
thai ho will recelre rov «oule. and place in hit heavenly 
Wingdome whfre it shall be at rest life eTer)a«ting and 
tbii my Iruit 1 itedrMtl; hekcTe. A« onnccming my 
bodie I comelt it to the earth fruui whence it came, and 
for my worldly i£oods 1 bequeath to my Eldest son 
Tbomjts Marshall to be my whul Exocut'of all the goods 
and chateli, whome hath all ware* beene A tender and 
carfull child to me Oiid I wold have him iloo to his 
Brothers and eiste* what he thiok* good for I love it all 
to his dcipofling for I think he will iiot rong them if ha 
canfor'^" them for I have found him soe and I hope the 
[they] will doe the like and for the better certifying thi« 
to remane in full pow' force and vtrty Ht my decee 1 
have writet with my one hand where mitn I have Mt mv 
hsnd and Kale ye day and jeoroof o' L<>rd Above written, 
witncMe* to thie 

KicharJ Clater. Gervas ManhalL 

John Clater. Thomai -f- vpton hia marks. 

Bond and Inventory are annexed. The parties to 
the bond are Tbomaa ^larahall, of Whatt 



[6<"8. VU,Pi».17/83. 

00. Nott'oi., husbaadniaa, aod Thomas Vpton, of 
Whattoa rirore^md, weaver. The bond is dated 
July 10, 167G. The inventory nmonnU to 3SA 18a., 
and is Bi((ned by WilliRin Gilthorpe, Tho, Cooke, 
Fra, Cooke, and Robert Shaw. 

It is prob&ble that the two Claters who wit- 
nessed the nill were related bo the testator. The 
ooly other luentino of the name I hnvo met with 
ia conoexioD with that of MarahftU is a marrUfre 
in the register of Orston, Notts : " John Clator, 5' 
■ODoe of Will'm Clator and Kllennr Marshu)], the 
daaghter of William j\Iarshull, were maried the 
Bixt daye of Maye, 1033." 

The seal at the end of the will is mnch defaced, 
bat appears to be the arms of the testator, Three 
b»n, a canton ermine. Ovring to only Thomas, 
the eldest (surviving) son, beint^ mentioned in his 
father's will, and to want of knowledf^eastowbere 
Gerrase Marshall resided daring the period 1660- 
1662, it 18 impossible to find out bow many chil- 
dren bo had, but probably more than tho follow- 

1. Gerrase, bapt. atWhatton October 19, 1648; 
buried there April 30, 1670. 

5, Thomas, eldest Burviviu^aoD, of Whatton^and 
afterwards of Scarriugton, of whom presently. 

3. William, mentioned in the will of his brother 
Thomas, 1707. 

4. John, mentioned as of Grantham in the will 
of his cousin Thomas Martin, of Doncaster, proved 
at York, 1600, and in will of hid brother Thomas 
Marshall, 1707. Was he of Grantham, harbor? 
** Mr. John Marshall and Mrs. Hester Kowes " 
were married there April 27, 1G94. His ndm'on 
as of Qrantbam, barber, to liester Marshall, of 
Grantham, widow, is in the Consistory Court at 
Lincoln, dated October 3, 1711. Inventory 
li7L 18<. 4d, Her adm'on in the same court, as 
Heater MarBball of Grantham, widow, waa granted 
to Robert Houttj of Grantham, April 20, 1714. 
Inveotory ^3/, 5*. 

6. Robert, buried at Wbatton May 7, 1671. 
6. Miuy. bnpt. at Whatton Jan. 12, 16G2/3. 
Thomas Marshall was bapt^ at Whatton Jan. 

S3, 1649 50. Besides the children mentioned in 
his will he seems to have bad Hanuo, bapt. Jun. 
3, ICb2,3, and Thomas, bapt May 1, and buried 
August 26, IC88; and perhaps others by a first 
wife. " Thomas Marshall & Anne filower" were 
married at Whatt<»n Fob. I), 1673/1. His will 
^^m WB3 proved in the Exchequer Court at York by 
^^P Winifred, his relict, Dec. 19, 1707, and is registered 
^^ vol. Ixiv. fo. 200:— 


Thoomi .M&rtliHll, of ScNrrinjctoTi in the co. ofNot- 

^bsndmtin. T' 
nlihll \i. T 
.-, 'IVt niY f 
MnWUnvi II.. 

in TlinmBo 
•non u lit in '. ...;.. , „^ 
Jtf^, mors when h« u UL 

■'^ '■■- .T707. To my brother 

r JoUq Marvli&lt, of 

'-'■n'h 'Jl. To my ion 

:• I*. To tiiy 

ill to paid ai 

,.,...,,,... I'j a trade, and 

Bafoe to i«n BcojamiD Mar- 

shall on Mtne eonditionn. 8ame to wn .Martin Itlantial) 

on same coadifion*. To dHUtchUsr Juno AI...-1...11 ii/ 
wbcQ the ii ttl. Same to ilau^fater Winif } 

ivhen iho is 24. All children to have m;> 1 ^l 

they arc 10. Rciidue to wifd Wutifrid and tldtat s 
Gerras Manhall, and njipoiiita them executors. 
cousin John UUirer, of Scarrin^tuu, and «ot) Madhe 
Uall, of lamc, to be tnuteea to lee will performed." 

I have not been able to trace the desceudanta 
of Gervaac Marshall afler this period, and aball b» 
glad of any information as to him or them. 

Geokox W. Maksualu M 

60, Onslow OardoDs, S.V{. ■ 

Khwbmt the PuBUSBKn. — I have just be^. 
come poftseasor of five little books, issued froi 
this celebrated house by Caman & Newberj 
a description of which may bo interesting to 101 
of the readers of" N. & Q." 

They are called " Circle of the Sciences, Scc.f 
imd are stated to be *' published by the kiu[ 
authority." They comprise (1) Grammar, (2j^ 
Arithmetic, (3) Ilhetoric, (4) Poetry, (5) Lo(;ic. 
Each volume is 4 inches in height by 2) in 
breadth, and about } in. in thickneas. As they 
lie upon the table on their sides, upon each r-th r, 
they make a heap 3^ in. high. They appear < : 
in their original binding, which ia half ;ji 
vellum with marble paper sides and yellow e li- 
They ."ire quite perfect (with the exception o( ,. 
margins of a few of the leaves at the comnit.i.L 
mcnt of two of them being tender from dumi' , 
and almost as clean as when new. It is very un- 
usual to 6nd old school-books in such a atatu ; 
these biive been in a circulating library (in Woleft 
apparently) as each volume hiis *' 14 days " written 
on the white paper cover. Every volume com .In 
B seporate dedication to a prince, princely, 
nobleman. I give the title and dcdicfttioii ut 
the first volume : ** Grammar \ made \ Fumiliar 
and Easy, \ bting (As [ First Pohnne \ nf tKe \ 
Circle of the Scitiicu, tf'c \ Published by Ino 
King's Authority. | The Fourth Edition, f Ij<»n- 
don : I Printed for T. Carnan and F. Newbery, 
Jun. ( at Number 65, in St^ Paul's Church-yard. | 
MnccLXXVi." On the next leaf is the dedication : 
**To His Highness 1 Prince William Henry. I 
thia I Grammar [ Is humldy Inscribed { hy | Ui# 
Higbnes&'s | Most obedient Servant, | John Nev* 

The fourth volnme has a " Dlclionarr of 
Tihyiiies" nt the end, besides a list tf f 

the l>ook» publi.'ibed by Carnan & 
from which I find vol. i, w;w published 
bound in the Veilnni Mnnnrr," and *'L 
loyy, and the Art of Poetry : Bein^ tii:. rui 
and Fifth Volumes of the Circle of the Sci« 
cnn-ii.l^'.^.'v enlarged and groatly imi 
Fi ,!id." 

^ . advertisomeota at cod of vol. iii. 
" The Vicar of Wokoaeld : a Tal0. The Fift 



EditioD, Tw« Volnraes bound in One. Price Fire 
Shill'DKs": "Citizen of the World," " Life of 
Ricbnni Nash of Bath," "Deserted Village," 
"The TrnTeHer," &a K R. 

BcwtoD. Llncolnibire. 

French Rhtmm ly English Pobms.— It is 

Gurioas to aeo bow commoaly our older poets, 
vhen nsing a French won! at the end of a line, 
utterly ignored its true souLd, and chose aa a 
thymo to it an English word, perhaps resembling 
the foreign one merely in spelling, but more 
freqaently not even haviDg that eicnae. Our 
be^t poeU offer instances of these atrango attempts 
ftt rhyme, showing how little French they knew, 
or expected their readers to know. " Pope," says 
Warburton, "removed to liondon to learn French 
nod ItaliaOj and mastered these two hinguagea 
with gurpriaing despatch." If he mastered French 
grammar, ho certainly did not master the pro- 
nnncialion. In the Eape of the Lock ho makes 
"shining rows" rhyme to " billet doux." In the 
Stcond BpUUi of Ou Stcond Book of Horacs^ " his 
boy"="of Blois"; Dunciad, bk. i., "and hero" 
="Moliire," "Lays down the law "--^" Ah: 
goulez 9*"; PAryne, "came to her "=" Mon- 
sieur " (mon-aue-er). Swift, Pamphratc of Huntctj 
bk. il ode i., hoa "coup d'cclnt"=»" much chat." 
Prior knew French, and probably merely regulated 
his rhyme by what in hia day was the Acoepte<l 

Srononciation of Lit'ge, when, in the Fall of 
lamur, he made the word rhyme to "siege." 
But even he has " your fame "=" Notre Dome." 
Ooy, in Trivia, writes "content on foot "=" good 
surtout," Goldnmith had travelled in France, 
and ought to have known that " sportive choir " 
did not rhyme to "murmuring Loire." Cowper 
{Table-Talk, 1. 243) has "alacrity and joy"= 
"vivo le Eoy.'* Byron, who hod lived so much 
abroad, luad knew It^liaa, makes ludicrous French 
ibymea. Don Juan, canto iv. H>3, "young De 
Foix'*="to destroy"; c. viii. 121, "sang froid " 
^'•Trov'*; c. niv. 72, "je no sgais quoi''= 
"Troy"; c xv. G8, "petita putts "=" no leas true 
U"; c. xiv. 33, " appbuae " =«" faux pas"; c. xiv, 
CO, " C'clat "=" she saw." Of all would-be French 
rhymes, however, those of Scott aro the moat 
•bsurd. He was quite able to read French, but 
seems never to have mastered the pronunciation. 
His Trouhiidour consists of four stanzas, in each of 

which "Troubadour" is made to rhyme with 

''bower." But the drollest instance is in the 

Starch ofUr Uappitussj 1817: — 

** And Momiear, teeing tbat he w&scomme iI faot, a 
Loud f uict: mastered up fur Vire le Kui (fo-a^ro-a).^* 

J, Dixon. 

A PoBTRAiT or SHAKsriARE.— A recent odver- 

tisemeotin "N.&Q." invited attention to a portrait 

Ot Shftkflpeare. Will you afford me, who have seen 

led it, the opportunity of reoommending 

all others to whom it may b« a subject of interest to 
go and do likewise, as well as of recording my im- 
pressions regarding it 7 In the first plaoe, the portmit 
IS, to my mind, undoubtedly tbat of Sbakspeare in iv 
state of suffering, but whether taken from the life 
is the Question. There are some lines underneath, 
ostensibly written by Shukspeare hiraaeU in re- 
ference to the picture, with the subjoined note, 
"Sio cecinit Cygnus Avoniffl et obiit 23 Aprilia 
1616, let" 52." I doubt, however, the authen- 
ticity of these lines, and think they were more 
probably written by the *' much valued friend " 
ulludcd to in an inscription at the back to this 
effect: "There is a tradition that ShakspeftrOi 
shortly before his Departure, and in an anticipa- 
tion of that event, did at length, for the Gratifica- 
tion of a much valued friend, submit to ait for his 
Picture," and a great deal more follows with the 
view of proving that this must be the identical 
portrait, and it is signed •'J. H., 1750." This 
person was evidently the posseasor of the picture 
in 1750. and though no such tradition as that to 
which he refers has reached our day, it is by no 
means improbable that it existed at that period, 
nor is it in the least improbable that the tradition 
woa founded in fact. As to its more recent his- 
tory, I leam that it belonged to a Mr. Kinton, 
who died in 1805, aged ninety-one, and that some 
years previously he informed its present owner 
that it was beijueathed to him by a friend some 
fifty years before, and that it had been in the 
possession of this friend a great many years, but 
beyond that be knew nothing. Far more than all 
thia, however, is the intrinsic evidence of the por- 
trait itself, which undoubtedly influences one'a 
judgment in its favonr, and, bearing in mind that 
its history can bo traced back almost to the period 
of the inscription of 1750, it seems to mo scarcely 
possible to iSmit a doubt as to its authenticity. 
Absolute proof is, of course, out of the question, 
or what a priceless treasure would bo here I 

J, S. M« 

TnK Aurora Bodealis.— In Grimm's IHmUcM 
yjyihologu,\o[.\\\. (1878), is the following note 
on popular names given to the Northern Ll^;ht8. I 
give it with some hesitation in the originid German, 
because I am not inclined to favour the recent 
tendency of writers in theao pages to give quota- 
tions freely from foreign languages when a trana- 
lation (possible to the sender; impossible, perhaps, 
to most of bis readers) would have served the pur- 
pose of tho communication quite as well : " Das 
nordlicht aurora bocealis heisst httrhrand, hur- 
ichivi, Frommann, 4, 114 («• ^lu s. 58«). «<:l^wea. 
nornken, diin. rundlyi, gal. firehUs, m* /ir cA(i«, the 
merry dancers. W eUch y gokuny gogUddol. tinn. 
dca fuch^es feuer. Vgl geato. rom. cap. -8, vv^ 
note /.. Kellers sept sacea, ccwl'* Vn^X. vxx. \ -^^2;^ 

To Vhi» 1 ^oxx\d. AiL \.\» Tfefe^wi^X^^^w"^ 





Among the GreeoIaDdcn, according to CruDt/, 
ihe Northern Lights rir» the tfoula of the deud 
playing ball (I)oriuiiu, fhiffin of rrimxiive Stiptr- 
ifi/tonx, p. 330). Kink tells us "those who k" to 
the upper world will suffer from cold and fftmine, 
and these are called the arssartut, or ball-players, 
on account of their playing at ball with a walrus 
head, which gives rise to the aurora borcalis" 
{TaUs and TTaiiitiom of the Etkimo, p. 37). The 
IriBh speak of '* blood lights ": *' When of whit«, 
blae,or other coloursthan red, when being described 
you will bear it said, * They were not lightning, but 
aeemed to be some sort or breed of blood lighta.* In 
fine weather a display is supposed to indicate rain 
and storm " (6. H. Kinahan, " Notes on Irish Folk- 
lore,'* Folk-lore /fccorrf, vol. iv. p. UK)). Mr. Hender- 
aoQ has a note upon the historic ftppeanince of the 
aurora bore»lis, and uientloos that in the northern 
counties 'the aurora borealis is still well known 
as 'the Derwentwnter Lights/ in consequence of 
having been particularly red and vivid at ihr time 
of that unfortunate Doblemnn'd execution" (Folk- 
lore of the yurthtm Coutities, p. 307). 

William Gkuhue Black. 

BoKDAoE iH Scotland.— "N. & Q." will he 
;;lad to learn that in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, there 
iire two weekly journals, the Slantfnrd and the 
Beruhl, in which a column is devoted to local 
history uod antiquities. Some valuable eccte- 
siasticnl and trade records buvo thus been given. 
The fftUnwJDg bit of fulkloro is from the Herald 
of December 1 ; — 

" I tlaretay your correipondent is right in saying thai 
(lie pulling of the front lock of hair as » palutatiufi is a 
* aurvivul ' frum the old form iu wliicli ihv villein 
acknoirltilgvd hii bondnfio. ] remember tcoing children 
ia tbo norvb of ScotUnd, a quarter ot « century a:;o, 
•ngaged in a bit of fun which Hcmt to ma on exact ro 
produotion of the ancient ceremony. Ono bt,y leixeJ 
another by tbe liair r<f hi« foreltf^iid, lajiii^ at the sainf? 
time :— * Tappio lai'jiie tfKtie, will ye be my man } ' Ai »1 
ff he answered * Vc?,* the forelock waa iirctty roughly 
pulled toward! tbe questioner, with the wrtnlM, ' Conve 
t6 me. come t(5 me ! ' If the answer waa ' }io,' tho tic- 
tini's livad was just ai routilily pushed BMsy hy the hair, 
with ' Ose frii me. ghn frii me ! ' The fun of the iliinft 
was in thii. that whether the boy pounced upon chose 
tbe sffirmstiTe or the negative answer as the likeli«4t 
means of escaping tfae impending ' ru^,' he was equally 

W. F.(2). 

BivBR-KAViNG.— If examples should be watched 
for, 1 believe that it would be found to have been 
« prevalent motive, in the earliest nnming of 
rirers, that one mouth or estuary constituted one 
river. Like a tree, a river, with all its branches, wiu 
one object, with one name common tn its trunk 
and nil itji ramidcalions up to their various sources. 
The differeat tributaries, or even different aeclionn 
of the main stem, have often aftenrnrds been re- 
naatd, or perhaps only orthograpbioolly differ- 

enced, t formerly hrooght a striking example of 
this process bo your notice (6*^ S. v. 131), that 
C'aer Kurauc^ York, although seated upon tbe 
Ou»e, preserves the echo of a niote ancient name 
of that river, the Eure, which nuuie still exists, 
but has now retreated into one of the two higher 
limbs of tbe strenm. In this inat^ince the two 
nnroes are probably the same or cognate, compare 
Kore=:Nose^-Ne»i>, &c. 

The namesake in Normandy of the Yorkshire 
river presents another example of this action. 
The city of Eureui=^Ebroic:e is not situated upon 
tbe Eure, but upon its ntHuent tbe Iton, anciently 
Jtton, some fifteen or twenty miles before il 
joins the Eure. Tdouas Kebslack. 

Long OnAPTRTtP-— Every one is fnmilior with 
the shortest chapter in any book, " There are do 
snakes in Icelond," so it may be well to note an 
fibnomiivl instance or two of the opposite kind. 
The review of the second volume of Dr. Langford'a 
Afodem IHrviingham ond \fs Jnslitutiom in 
" N. & (^.," 6** S. viiL 240, commences with these 
words: — 

*' Thin, the second rolume of Modft-n IJirmin^ham. 
chronicles twenty >e&rs of local history [1861-1^1). Tbe 
first volume, i>f more than &l)0 |>ages, conLsined the re- 
cords of t«'n years. Tlie two t**gcthcr (about 1.000 psffes) 
furnish the annals nf one eenerntion. It is not often that 
sny town or city gets m minutely described as Btnaing- 
ham, in the prc*ent case. In this hist instalment, com- 
pleting the work, there are bat two chnnters. Tbe tlrat 
volume was similarly partitioned, and tneee are perl 
the longest chapters to be fuuud in any book on ai 
(perhaps on any) suhject." 

The parenthetical surmise may have been coi 
at the time, but it is not 90 now, for Dr. Langfd 
lengthy chapters have been completely eotipsi 
one in Mr. Lock's Gofd, just published, wbichi 
tends " to tbe inordinate length of 745 
{AOunauwif January 20, p. SD, ool S). 


Drydbn. — There is a smoll error in Mr. 01 
tie's Globe edition of Dryden's Poetieal W 
[u a note to tbe memoir, p. Ixxix, no entry in' 
register at Doctors' Commons is printed " Adml 
tratio de bonis noi7," which the editor explnii 
"a ntw odministmtion/' But the true rendii 
"de bonis non,'' i.e., an administration of 
not included in the previous administration. 

W. C. 


We mtict request correspondent* desiring infomii 
on family matters of only privue interest, to affix 
names and addresse s to their queries, in ardor ihat 
auswors may be a«ldr«iaed to them dirvot. 

QoMTiONs TO LiRHARiANH. — I am pnicti< 
tbo IJbrahau of a fair rectory library. On lu ihcl _ 
aland about five thousand volumea, which I bive 





aoder my care, and beBides these I hare taadry 
luaotiscripU, parchment deeds and docameoU, 
court rolls, &c Three tbiDj^q trouble me, three 
dKficulties weigh upon me, and on these points I 
bfig for aid and adrice. At the Ubnirj table aits 
an autocrat ; ho re^tirds me as bis slave, and his 
wiUioi; clave I glory in confessing myself. He 
constantly expecu me to band him down volames 
from shelves eleven feet high ; to get at tbem ho 
provides me wiih a carabrous piece of machinery 
which he calls " the steps.'' It is something; like 
a huge st«p Udder, or ruther it is a movable stair- 
case, for it has a baluster, and it has a landing 
floor. It, that is the binding tbor. has two castors on 
which it should ran easily. The end of the floor 
which has no castors — ^o providing against any 
undue rapidity of motion— draKsalonf; heavily, and 
my strength is creatly taxed when I try to push 
and guide it. This is my first difHculty. Again, 
when my autocrat wishes to Btudy his parchments 
he thinks I ought to lay them before him perfectly 
smooth and clean. He procures tbem shrivelled, 
and dusty, and faded; he expecu me to hand them 
to him, the vellum fair and smooth, the dusty dis- 
colorelioD gone, the inlc clear and bright, and 
(his not because it is necessary for his ready 
deciphering, but only for bis artistic delight in 
tbeir antique perfection; and here is my second 
dtRicnlty. My third I hardly like to mention ; but 
it presses sore on me, and I must. My perfect 
Autocrat hiis one fault: he will splutter his ink 
nboQt. His table is covered with most costly 
morocco, its tint mng di hft-ufj the whole thing a 
niinicle of beauty; hut the beauty is defaced, and 
this librarian is grieved. Now, will some one 
uiore experienced than I am hel^ me, and (1) re- 
coninieDd me a convenient and safe, not cumbrous, 
Ltdder by which to get at my lop shelves ; (2) give 
roe a recipe for smoothing and cleaning crumpled 
parchment rolls; and (3) tell me how to remove 
inkst.-iins without injuring the surface or the colour 
of tba leather i M. A, M. J. 

ScamiDg Kcctory. 

TfiB DuKK or Stuhlico.— The ambassador of 
this prince is recorded by Sanuto in his Duirii, 
iti. col. ftOS, along with those of France, Naples, 
mnd Mantmi. Who was this duke 7 

n Steno Bture, the etJcr, Administrator of Sweden, 
H71-e7. andinlftOl.] 

TiTE DcKB or PoLiyoKR. — Ajfaiu, Sttouto teWs 
tu, op. cit, iii, col. U12, under February, ISOl, 
that ** there is war between the Dnke of Polinger 
und Mitdonn Anna, late wife of the Duke of 
f%Axooy." Who was the Duke of Polinger, and 
who \s this Duchctui Anne, whom I cannot identify 
in the genealogy of the bouse of Saxony i 

[1 PoUrf^^n, on tbe frontier of Courland. 1 Anne of 
AiutrU. wife of William, LandKrave of Tburin^ia »oa of 
FnHlfrick of .Misnis, Duke snd KIcetor of Saxony ] 

The L-^xd or pAmrMoy. — Yet again Saruto 
says, 0/1. et/., iii. col. 755, that the Kmperor Muxi- 
milian sont umbassndors to the King of France in 
15i"K» to demand " paexe di Partemon " and the 
ducby of Milan. I want to identify thi« country. 
Eoiroa of "Giorsalk pequ Eruditi 



I'ltimo, Insta5T, ky\> PRnx:Mo.— When were 
these words first used in reference to the past, 

E resent, and oomhig months ; and has not their use 
een the cause of more trouble and mistakes than 
advaotago or profit f The Tivw of tbe SStb of 
January, lfi82, says: "The Right Hon. tbe Speaker 
and Ltidy Bmnd wilt arrive at the Speaker's houso 
on Ttlonday, the r»tli prorimo.* What was gained 
here, either in brevity or clearness, by sayiof: 
proximo instead of Feb.) I notice that numerous 
errors are constantly occurring through the nsr, 
more particularly of the words ultimo and intfunt. 
Statements regudiog births, deaths, and marrtagiM 
frequently cootmn these words, and when read in 
newspapers convey very false ideas. For instAOce, 
a person writes: **0n the 30th inst., John Jonea, at 
Glapfaam, sf^ed seventy," meaning January 2*\ The 
notice is not inserted in the paper until February 
2; what then is tbe meaning of inst 1 I would 
venture to suf^^rest that the three words referred to 
mij^ht without any loss be suffered to pass into 
oblivion, and that the substitution of the name of 
tbe month intended to be spoken of would in all 
coses, without any exception, be a very great im- 
provement on the present practice. 

George C. Boasc 
15, Queen Anna's Gats, 8.W. 

FxitnROKE College, Cambridge.— Will Fbof, 
Mator kindly aid me in procuring fuller parti- 
culars of Sir Robert Thorpe, first master of my old 
colleije, than are contained in CaropHcll's Liva of 
thi Lord CfumeeUor* ? Any information, also, con- 
cerning tbe following masters of Pembroke will be 
gladly received by me: — Thomas De Byngbam, 
1.364; Richard Morys. 13S9; John Sudbury, 1406; 
HughDamlft. 1417; Jerome Beale, 1618; Sydrach 
Simpson, IG.'.O; William Moses, ie&4; Mark 
Frank, l«62i M:irk Mnpletoft, 1664; Nathaniel 
Cogo, 1677; .Tames Brown, 1770. I shall be 
especially glad to hear whether any portraits of 
the above exist. T, Cash Huqbeb, KA. 

The Qrovet, Chester. 

Sir Jorhca Rktkolds.— Can anyone give me 

particulars of miniatures painted by him 1 There 
was one of Sir Patrick O'Oonor, formerly in tb« 
possession of Edmund Burke, tbe whereabouts oC 
which I am especially anxious to know. 

Ross O'CovniiiL. 

WooDRurr Family.— Is the Woodruff famt 
of English origin ? If so, from what part of t , 



couotrj did they spring, from vhat sonrce was 
tbe name derived ? Are Woodroffe, Woodrootft', 
WooUrough, Woodroof, Woodrovo, Woodruff, oU 
dilferenC fauiilies, or eimply ToriaCions ia spelliiig 
the same family neime 7 Where can the pedi^ees 
be found I U. h. W. 

[PnmilieiiD Derbychlre, Yorkahire, Midill«ex. D«vod, 
SnfTolk, and in IrtlitQj, ar« in Burke's Gfii. Ann<ny, 
1878, with references to Ku. Lundon, ItGS, and the Be* 
giators, Ulster's Office, Dublio.] 

: A 



"Kablt to ded," &c, : PaovEBD. — 
** Barly to bed and enrly to rise 
Makes a man bcaltby, weattby, and wiie." 

Acconlinff to Hozlitt this distich occurs in Clarke's 
Panemiologiaj 1639. He quotes in illustration: 
** And then it iii no maruell though I know bim 
t, for my boure is eight o'clocke, tbonj^b it is un 
fallible Rule, Sanat, Banctificat, eb ditat aur^^ere 
e (A Umlth to the Genii. Fro/, of Sermngmenf 
l&fl8. repr. Roxb. Lib., p. 121)." Can any of your 
correspondents tell me whunce the Lutin hexameter 
line If* tnken ? I find it occurring in Fitzberbert's 
Ihok of Jhubandnj, 153-J (p. 101, E.U.S., 1B.S2): 
" At grammer-scole I lemea a verse, that is this, 
'Siuiat, sanctificat, et ditat aurgpre mane,' That 
is to siiy, Erly rysing maketh a man hole in body, 
holer in soule, and rycher in goodoa." I have 
several timea seen the proverb set down as " Poor 
Richord'e." F. O. Birkbeck Terrt. 

Thv Old Prussiajt LAyGUACS.— What are 

the existing remaios of the old Prussian language ? 
I understand there ia an ancient ciUcchisni in this 
extinct Aryan tongue. Are there any other 
literary relics of it 7 Uas a dictionary or grammar 
rCver been compiled of it f It seems to have been 
nute to the Lithuanian. 

Tns Namb or Harris.— What ia the ntrccpted 
'gin or deriTEtioQ of the not uucommou English 
tiame Harris 7 There are many of the family now 
rending in CornwalL 

AtDOXA. — Can any one give me tbe derivation 
of the female name Aldona i It is Lithuaaitui in 
origin, and the PriDcess Aldona was faDiou<i in 
Shivonic history. She ira« baptized (having been 
brought up as a pagan) at Cracow Cathedral on 
Juxie 28, 1325, una married soon after to Prince 
tmir of Poland. The name is Aryan, not 
"tic ; but what is ite meaning ? W. S. L. S. 

P'dok Bentb.— The following is taken from the 
nlor EcclmcMiicux, piibhshed by tbe Record 

mmiesioners, vol. ir. p. !>8 :— 

' Deolis distribat' videl't an)' xxxi paun'lbi in tIUis 
flo Mult^-n \ Awkbarow |." a'i'« Luce ComitiMe Lincoln* 
fundfttric' mouMt'ii p'dict' ridel't cuil't eoj tre» uinu 

I J di jmnni Uaei roc' dud« pc' uln' viii'' cu' xxriii* at 
dt |i'o vii> quart' f«li*) toc' p don benvs distiibut' pau* 
p'lb) Ib'm tx fnodjtcu'e d'oe com'tlsae. 

a*, who am sot at all well rened in the ways 

and customs of the times of Henry TIIL, this 
whole sentence boa a curious ring about it ; bat 
wbero I am utterly at fauU, and where I would 
Rsk for EBfiifitance, is in the proper explanation oC 
the words " p'don benyn.'* 

Walcot, Brigg. 

n Pardon beana] 

The Spencer Family. — Catherine and Mar- 
garet, daughters and coheirs of Sir Robert Spencer, 
of Spencercombe, by the Lndy Eleanor Beaufort, 
married the iifth Earl of Northumberland and 
Thomas Gary, ancestor of Viscount Falkland. I 
shall be mach obliged for any information regard- 
ing this branch of the Spencer () Le De Spencer) 
family, and for any reference to a printed pedigree. 
Lady Eleanor was eldest daughter of Edmund 
Beaufort, Duke of Somereet, widow of the fifth 
Earl of Ormonde and Wiltshire (who died 1461), 
and first cousin of Margaret, mother of King 
Henry VII. Tbe representatives of her two 
daughters appear to be heirs geneml of John of 
Gauut. Sigma. 

An Old English BLACK-LSTTEa Bible. — I 
have an old folio blackletter family Bible (Eng- 
lish) in uiy possession, of which I cannot deter- 
mine the date, aa its title>page is missing; it was 
found in a loft of an old country house. It is 
bound in cardboard, covered with thin oak Teneer 
much worm - eaten, with double brass clasps 
slightly engraved. The book contains Old Testa- 
ment, New Testament, and Apocrypha ; many 
chapters bear an initial letter, some of which are 
very quaint, The Bible is divided into porta, the 
commeocoment of each part being embellished 
with elaborate woodcuts, which appear to be of 
very early state of the art. The introduction tO< 
the Psalms gives a prologue by St. Basil the Oreat« 
Following on the story of Bel and the Dragon 
"A Necessary Table for the Knowledge of tbe Stale 
of India from the Beginning of the Greek Mon- 
archy." Most of tbe books hare initial letters a6 
tbe end of them, viz,. E. W., A. P, C, &c Th«' 
tK>ok throughout i^ interspersed with marginal 
QOtei, and is printed in double columns; the t; 
is of several sizes. Can any one fix the date 
publication, or give me an idea how to do aoT 
Harriot Elizabetu Tabob. 

"Hahnibal ad roRTAS.** — What is tbe eikrliest 
use of this proverb, which occurs in Jer. Taylor, 
vol. vL p. •ISS, Edon's edition ? I am aware ol 
Juvenal, vL 290: — 

" Ac proximus orbi 

Ed. Mabshau.. 

N. Olascoce.— " A Book of rvnhpr* or Lei 
Reversed; very pleasant and m t:!iigrAr 

Cliacers, and Others. By Jcr< : *rIow. 

grared by K. Qlasoouk. Load., IQb^^ Sro.*' 






«*s.vii.F«.i7,c3.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

fihall be glad to receive any iufonuation relating 
to N. Glascock. • J, L. Glasscock, Jud. 

Biftljop Stortford. 

"The PERRYuy Principu asd Counst of 
EotTCATioN." — TtiU RinRiilur educattonftl work U 
in my possession. The full title ia: — 

•'The Perryiftn Pnncipi& and Couno of Educfttion, bv 
Jftmei Parry. Kiq., proprietor of the Pcrryittti Mixiel 
ScbooU, fnr okcb ux, London ; aoJ aiillior of thf Perrylan 
87stcm of EJooaticitt. LonJon : Printed by W. i'uple. 
67, Chancery- lane, for the author (nf whom ti/owc the 
work can be obtained), Perryian Model Scbooln, 14, 
New-itre«t, BiihopigatQ- street. [Exclusively fnr tbe 
V«e of tbe Model ocbools, aud of other BiubUabmenti 
using the Perrjian SyBteni.] 1828. " 

la the system still in use, and what are its merits 1 
I should also like to know if n *' key " is not neces- 
*ary to the main work. J. V. O. 


Sm David Gam. — Will any one favour me with 
any Information about the VVeUhman Sir David 
Oam, whose proper name was Vaughan, Gam being 
a sobriquet for '* one-eyed " if H- Ncnn. 

CooKnAU Dean. — Can any of yonr readers give 
me a good definition as to the word dean in rela- 
tion to a portion of the parish of Cookham, Berks f 
I may say that tbe part called " Cookham Dean " 
is on Jiigh ground, in contradistinction to the 
Tillage itself, which is level with the river Thames. 


Victor Hcgo's WniTixcs. — What are Victor 
Hugo's lines which run as follows in English : — 
" I forget the bittcrnesi of my heart 
^Vhtfn thy grentnes* I bebuld; 
For this cause have I thy shorea approtclied." 
In what piece are they to be found 2 L. H. 

As Old Picturk. — At a sale of tbe furniture, 

picture*, &c., of Gilaton Park, Herts, in April, 

Ifidl, a view of Blakcaware, the ancient seat of the 

Pluuivri?, was sold. I bhoald be much obliged if 

i-a«y of your correspondents could inform me where 

'4bia view, if itiU in existence, now is. 

Hellikr GosfiEU:^. 
BLake«warc, Ware, Herts. 

Authors of Quotations Wanted. — 

'* It !i of Heaven a uieroiful decree 
That veili the a«cri.'ls of futurity : 
BJm bltbded were the eyr a that throuKli hot toarfl 
Could count Ibe ihattervd hopes of curuinf; v«ars." 

U. A. b.'J. M. 

HOOKES'S "AMAN'DA," 1053. 
(e^"* S. TU. 7, 36, U7.) 
Cot- P^iDEAUx's Amanda formerly belonged to 
me. I hud two of it. Mr. Ouvry having kindly pre- 
sented met with several of his private reprints, ODe 

of which was Crawley's Amcnday I sent Hookes^a 
Amaifda for his inspection, supposing he had never 
seen it. Ho replied that Le hod it, but the one I 
hod sent him was so exceptionally hue that be 
would like to keep it. Like your correspondent, 
he pointed out what Mr. Hazlitt says in bis Uaud- 
ItooK about the collation, but observed that it agreed 
exactly with hisother copy ; which I examined the 
next time I went to London, and found that it did. 
It was also precisely the same as the copy which 
I atill have. According to Bedford, Mr. Ouvry's 
book is in the original binding, which is as sound 
as when first done. This being so, one would 
ihink it must be perfect, for it has had no leaf 
taken out since it was bound ; and surely it would 
have everything put in which was considered to 
he necessary to make it perfect when first bound. 
I bought it eight or nine years ago of the late 
B. M. Pickering, who laughed a sardonic laugh 
when I alluded to the collation In the Eandbooh, 
Hu looked at me rather pityingly, and, after a 
pause, simply said, " Yon take the book ; it *b 
right enough." It is needless to say few men were 
better judges. If Fama has seen a copy contain- 
ing the half-title and leaf of errata, we may then 
conclude that the errata is an extra leaf, printed 
after the book was published and not included 
in all copies. Had the errata been originally 
iasned with it, it is reasonable to suppose it 
would hare been printed on the blank of the last 
leaf, and not on a single 'leaf which would require 
to be pasted on ; and also that the leaf containing 
the first errata (pp. 25- G) would bare been caa- 
celtcd. I now think tbe book originally had a half- 
title, for the following reasons, notwithstandiDg 
all the copies I have seen are without it. On 
opening it wide I find, of course, that the frontis- 
piece is a loose leaf pasted in. I find alio that the 
stitches showing the middle of the first section are 
at the back of A 4, thus proving that A 4 was 
actually the fourth leaf of the book— the printed 
sheet, that is— without counting the copper-plate 
frontispiece, which was necessarily printed sepa- 
rately. If there had been no half-title, the pre- 
sent A 4 would have been the third leaf, and so 
the middle of the section (of an octavo sheet) could 
not be at the reverse of it. I also find in the back 
three " stab holes," showing that it was originally 
published unbound, stitched, in a pamphlet form. 
The book being corerlcss would be a good reason 
why there should be a half-title. This half-title 
would generally become soiled, and be cut off by 
the binder when the work was bound. Conclusion: 
it certainly had the half-title, but the leaf of errata 
was probably an addition— an afterthonght. 

As this ia n rery scarce work, a perfect oopy 
making from \0l to IfiZ., perhaps some of the 
renders of ** N. & Q." would be glad to kass* 
something of the content* mx^ w^v^^xt (A S.^. '^^iwfc 
it conlalu "very ^od ^^Vr^ X CssxX*\i;iV'5 i«ilw% 


NOTES AND QUERIES. («.»8.vii.FEi.i7,KiL 

is, for the most part, n K^o^s^ vulffAr performance, 
with laboured attempts at wit, which priDcipallj' 
depend for their poiDt on vulgaritjr and ribaldry. 
It is full of the most Krote^que nnd bnrbnrous 
coDceita, not nltoffethcr withonl evideDce of poetic 
faculty, but chiefly owing trhat interest it possesses 
to pIiiKiiirisnis and imitrttions of better writers. 

"Then why do tou have it?" "Biblionuinin, 
most decidedly. One naturally wants not only 
what one's neighbour has, but especially what he 
can't get." What can it be but bibliouiania when 
inch a farnigo of rubbish fetches more money than 
the Hrst editions of Herrick or Milton, four tinier 
OS much AS Suckling or Donne, and as much as 
the folio of Taylor the Water Poet ? 

It givei evidence of the author's acqnaintance 
with the works of Shnkcspero and others, and, in 
his attempts to be witty, it contAins many f>lang 
terms and colloquialisms. The following are Shake* 
aperean allusions, at least he seems to hare had 
passages of Shukespere in his mind when he wrote 

*' To Amanda, ootr-hearing \er ting. 
" Hearlt to tlio cbangei of tbo tremblinK aire ! 

What Nightingtls do jilkj In cvnioH there ! 

See in the clouda the Cfift-uls listen yon. 

Each Ao^el with an OtocouBtlcon I 

Hekrk bow iht iKaktt the pftliie etoment, 

Dwelli on that nott, ai if 'twouM ne'er be spent \ 

What a tweet fall wu thf re ! bow «lie catcht iu 

That parting aire, and ran it ore sgen ! 

In emulation of that dying tirvath. 

Lionets would atraine and alng tbemaelres Co death; 

One* more to hear that melting EecKo mo'Te, 

J^orcunuliks, who wuulil not die in love !"— P. 19. 

The above is one of the best bits in the book, 
notwithstanding the grotesque touch in it. Of 
course, the idea of cherubs (all heads and wings) 
liotening with ear-trumpets (how did they hold 
tbem ?} is entirely his own ; be did not Dnd that 
in Shakeepere. I have heard a tnle about a 
"cherrybum." A little boy was oat with his big 
brother shooting. They ttinie to a churchyard. 
There, in a tree, an owl was sitting. The hoy with 
a gun shot it, to the horror of his little brother, 
who exclaimed. "Ob, Tommy! what hare you 
been and done ) You 've been and shot a cherry- 
bum !' Which was natural for the little fellow to 

»*Tbe Sonne hiroietfe yonJer expectant itayes. 
And Btrewea tlie gulden atr>m« of Ins r%\r» 
To guild iby pathi; lhoi>Kh in pcHthajte he be. 
Yet be stands Kill to look and gaze nn tlice. 
The Heavena court thee, Pr.ncely Ohrmn 
And Stah )it« Cmp'reiae both «xpect thee yon» 
Tbev wait to Me tliee. sport lb? tim-* away. 
And on green beds of daxtes dance the hay; 
In tbeir »mall acorn pcwneti, m% iliey meet 
QaafTe off the dew, leit it aUoulJ wet thy feet." 

P. 47. 
" If 0»r)t Tniior prais'd hi* Madhm'* hue 
Cauae iti her cheeki the rott i>nd* grew 
Thou 'rt more pra^-wurihy than wa« Katkn-i^t, 
There '» frwher York, and lanmKer ia tbioa : 

Hud thy sweet fealurc* with thy l>ei*uty met 
In \V*Utam dt-lanooVt f*ire it/nrvuf t(. 
The Ptey» mrprix d bad never kit'ii consent. 
For th' Unit of Svffolfa fire year* Imni^hnifnt, 
For the Exclunge uf Jfuuw, A njou and Jl/atn.'* 

P. 71 ,j 
" To A manda on her blaak browei, 
" Thou 'rt fairo and black, thy browe* m black aa jett. 
Kilt ne'er were black and white so lovely met. 
The .1/oor'i black Prince would conrt th«, there '» in 

Tbe 'UnyttMh Beautie and tbo Negro's ton."— P. 73. 

He finds Amanda asleep, und remembers tlio 
beautiful lines of Shakeepere on a simihir occti- 
sion: — 

** Without the bed her other fair band waa, 
tJn tlie green ooverlet; wbotc perfect white 
Bbow'd like an April daisy on tbograaa." 

Like a " daisy on tbe gnus " is all very well for a 
common country fellow, but it won't do at all for 
this gentleman of Trinity College, Cambridge- Ue 
h:»s been used to large towna with their superior 
civiliuition. He has been struck with the beautiful 
sight of wax candles and their umaments in the 
windows of shops, so he improves oo the above it» 
this manner : — 

" Here lieas A »ui at/a dead asleep : 
Hither luveracome and weep : 
Here '« a hand which dotb out-goe 
III whitcneiae driven snow ; 
Upt»n that iweet bag cast your eye. 
There on lino, freeh, gr<ren aattin ice it 11^ 
With kiiotj of scarlet ribbon hy : 
Thus interwoven have I seen 
Virgins wax candles red and green. 
Proud with a Hue white twist between.** 

There are two or three other poasnges which 
to contain faint echoes of Shakes pe re, but the ab 
will suffice. A few more specimens of his gw* 
tesque conceits. At p. 31, "Tn AnianHit Pray 
he angrily tt.««ks where the "Virgin angela 
gone " Who strew their wings for thee to 
upon " (p. 32). Tbe cushion is not soft enough, 
bare boards shrink in horror from tbe profan 
of touching her knee. At lust her lover comes to> 
the rescue; he irou/ti place one of his handa under 
each knee, but remembers there ure bones in tbena 
which might hurt her ! So he gives his heart for 
her to kneel upon. One would think his htvvA 
would have been soft enough. After her prujV^ 
he observes tears which exhibit a ourioui 
Domenon : — 

** There Infant-Angels wade U hand in band.' 
Moreover, be saw tbe angels fly "to bea 
lectures of Divinity,'' and wh«D she lifted 
hands he saw 

"Tbausandsof iweeii' ' ^* 

Panc'ton each ftnn'- h^n 

To fanne tltrmselvc^ i . i« 

Of tny AmaTutuM breath. • tr hp, 

As Bees Off flowerv. whtr ' *ii<. 

Th«n#omo did on ber siltcr i.i'vin'r te«t. 
Pruning their golden f«athen hi har tr<ait**— 

a VH. PM.17.*t3.1 


This reminds ooe of the question of the old ecbool- 
incD a) to bovr many angels could dance on a 
needle's point at the fcanie tnne. Afier tbey had 
finished paddtinc in her teu» and "pruning" their 
feathers ou her breast, she conimenced to 8tn^, at 
which the angels went oiad for joy and began to 
spin the stars about : — 
** And when m.v Benrut ttng T« lUnm oat, 
Th' iHtetliijtnas iwirl'd the Orbta nbout, 
But wheu iLc cli&nled her Afttt^mfUtU, 
The AnfftU then firit Icaru't to tmiute."— P. 34. 

Amanda and her lover go for a walk and are 

caught in a shower. The cause of the rain is thus 

explained to Amanda: — 

"I 'le tell thee, my Amanda, whence it i». 
It rsind 8o much tu day, the rcft*oh '« thi«, 
The SitnHt espt'd thj benuty, Ittok'i upon 't, 
Aha Heaven sneez'd with luokum too much on't," 

P. 51. 
He addresses a supposed rival in the'Ercles rein, 

And after much tall talk and many iuprecatioua 

he tells him: — 

** Go dive amongit the haddnclt and (he wkottt, 
Alalce lore to Ji/art-mai</< and their Conyrr-tailei." 

Cut if he dare to come near this sacred court he will 
not only kill him, but bis very shroud shrill be 
made of knives and daggers : — 

" I Me atifle thv rebel heart in clotted iforo 
Of hlood, with kDivea »nd dn^cra ebruud theao'rs, 
And make thee hear i* th' /<'<*'• f^'o-tu Anirf and back. 
More Biones then be in SteaUww's Almaniut." 

P. 62, 

Amanda has dimples, and the use the Graces 
make of them is described in the following lines, 
which m.iy be compared with a somewhat similar 
passage in Herrick : — 
" Each winged thought to tbre. Amanda, flies, 
And under Ih' cryetal windowes of thine eyei 
Li)[ht0 »n thy damask cheeki, where they do play, 
The wooing turtles windinjc every way. 
Till by young Cupidi crafi they're taken In. 
Lovt'i dimpled pitfatia of thy cheeki and chin. 
Three ne6ti of new flown smilo!! on roaei near. 
To which a thousand untle^fc'd Ah'JiU arr, 
Chirping p<n-featliercd, pirkin^ C/tnuli tit, 
Sweet bluiliinK Babi-ti pInyinK ^^ Lliorriepit, 
Some win and emile, some U>fle their oherfiei, then 
Down to tliy lipi, and icnther frvili &sen, 
Sweet kiisini^ lips, which nil the Winter vliew 
The ripest cherries, arid their hlossomes too. 
When e're thou weep'st, each Gnict doth stiatch a tear, 
And mi a dimple with t, then WMth lier there." — P.Vri, 

He imagines Amanda changed into n cow, and 
faimself the milkmaid (niviahing thought !). He 
rewls in the description of the pleasures and oppor- 
tunities this would afford him, and describes the 
delicious '^Syllabubs" he would have (p. 74). 
Having turned his mistress into a cow, we are not 
turprued to tiod that ho turns his friend into a 
. horse. Aft«r some unquotnble lines he proceeds 
K with the following delic:ae raillery: — 
^^ " Then for thy motions. Rltt, ho, hut will do, 
H The Atdtrmnm TkilUr thy naue**ak« too. 

And then rH day to have thy Tutor t'lrgf 

Lath ihca and vhittU, (then rog-it) fiesbgrasss i' th* 

Bpring : 
Yes and i' tli' winter>tirae to have a maw. 
To fee^l on haumt o( ptait and LurUi-firaw ; 
Then dratr up hill, and when thr crl tioes dead. 
To be wellpun'd with whips V ih' jLtHct or htaUt 
And then thy Master when thou'st ipent thy forcp. 
To clap thy lutlocks with Om-mcrc thorsr/'—V. lOi. 

At p. 82 he gives a ** facetious " reason why a man 
should have a wife of his own — a brilliant piece of 
wii, seemingly inspired by a joke of a similar onture 
which had just appeared m Gaytoa's Festivout 
Not4i on Don Qu\xot4, 

The following passages contain illustrations of 
words and bubjects which have been recently dis- 
cussed in these pages. 

Fox: Stuponit. — 
" f 'le drink a Helicon of sack to thee. 

And fox thy sense with Lovtri ifu/ioatV.'*— P. 20. 

Uoop-all'hid, — 
" Thus doth Morpkivi court thins eye, 

Meaning there all nii;ht to He ; 

Cupid and ht plav hoo/i'ott'Kui, 

Thy eye *s their lied auU coter-liJ.*'— P. 30. 

TrundU-bed. — 
" Oh tliat I may but lay my 'nead 

At thy betls feet i' th' trundle-bed : 

Then in the morning ere I r»sB 

I 'd kissc thy pretty pcllito;*.'— P. 30. 

Half an eye. — 
•' Who pais Amaii'Iit't tomb stone by, 
And with so much as half Hn eye, 
>Vlll not Tuuchsafe to took on if— i\ 33. 

irood6ine ; Hontytiieklc. — 
"Look how thnt vooJUn* at the window peeps. 
And fliilie uudernDath the cnsemtnt creeps ! 
Its houey-ntcJtU tbewcs. and tempting »tandi 
To tpend its morning ^tcUr iu tiiy Imiidt." — P, 40. 

Eastei' clotha. — 
" Puts its bort £aiter elothti on, ueat and j[ay 1 '* — P. 43. 

WeUlimbertd. — 
" Such a well-timber'd man, of lach a helebt.'*— P. 55. 

M. Angelo. — 
" Durst cut a line wiih skilful J nj*/©."— P. 62, 

li-'ardrob*, — 
" Of all the Uautiei which in vouira shins 

Your yuturt'i »tard-roU, but yet ow*i-n/wie."— P. 5(L 

Bra ten »t tidies. — 

*' The dull disease 
Of nods, hromn ilndM, aad such plagues a« these." 

P. W. 
Sturbnd^t. — 
" Would you allow us coats in brtnrst prose, 
Like StnrUruigt-}>wlfiiny$ in thi-iraiiuck hose 
Jnttirad of haltints retse. wo 'd daiioe on egKCS, 
^'tlake taces, and thow owlos bcttveen our legifes." 

P. 140. 

These extracts might be increased, bat sufticienb 
have been given to show the niitureof the book. 
Some parts could nut be quotecl in n.^^ ^ciVn. 
intended foe j;«aettt\ i««kt\;vQ^. "i^^w wswiWswi**, 


NOTES AND QUERIES. !•» s. nt ta. 17. -ss. 

made op of a little wit aad modi Tnlgarity, spieed 
with ooacenity (** facetioamea * the wise it call), 
abounded at that period. Many of them now 
fetch their weight in gold — and more. Thia woi^ 
on the whole, ia not an anfiiTonrable example of 
the chiM. Some are clererer, but many are much 
more offensire. In oonclanon, I will gire a whole 
poem, iHiutntiTe of the times, wiudt is not want- 
ing in graphic toachea, and contuns nothing recj 
o&Dsire : — 

''Toliihea Frioid, Mr. T. ff. 
True 6n, 
The Coimtrnr Gentleman who never mist 
When he waik't oot bis Pank'ner at his fist ; 
Who onee bendes his hounds was able. 
To keep a pack of serruits at bis Table ; 
How tmdges through the stroets io waj fashion. 
To a Committee, uid returns in passioo. 
Chewing bis lips for cod ; it is not hard. 
To know 'n bj 's silTer-haire malignuit beard. 
And his delinqocnt boots, in which he goe% 
Wetshod i* th iweat of a dirtie mellow toes ; 
*Tis pity troth «ich good old Gentlemen, 
Are foiVt to wear their old boote o're sgen. 

Nay Sir, the PrelaUs beg, hii Lordship't graa, 
WaUu with a scnnrie HenuutrtUion face. 
The good old honest Priest is grown so poor. 
He sajes his grace at another mans door ; 
Yon may know 'n by the reliqos of 's old ^^acrp-eoat. 
By 's Canonical rags he *s a Priest yoo mtut know % 
His girdle ia greasie, he doth all to befat it. 
Black puddiogs he bangs, and aaociges at it, 
Thoi^tt once be preach't well, and learnedly spoke. 
Now be hath not so much as a p^ io a poke. 

True Sir, the CltrgU suffers, none can teacb. 
The truth with freedoms, or with coontge preach. 
In stead of some good worthy pious JTaox, 
W bare nothing now but Ituk in a box ; 
The people without life or aoul lie dead, 
A s under th' aapcct of Meduta'i head ; 
The Oenlrie groans, tbe yobUt muiled are. 
The heavie taxes make the Bumpkins swear, 
And Tradtsmtn break ; the tnith 0' th' etorie 's this, 
The times are bad, and all tfainga are amisse ; 
It ia an iron age, an age that swarmes 
With ripers, yet bad I within mine annes 
Mr lovtiy $vui on4f tbat same Fairat she. 
Whose loTo accepts mr bribing Poetrie ; 
Pretty Amanda'i kiaiing Alehymu, 
Can make this uge a golden age to me." 

Hookes's Amanda, 1653, pp. 79-90. 

B. E. 
Boston, Lincolnshire. 

Examples or Ancikht Chorch Platb (6* S. 
vii. 86). — Earing for some years been engaged in 
making inquiries as to old church plate, I can cor- 
roborate, if necessary, Dr. Lee's statement aa to 
the Tery few pre-Ileformation examples now re* 
maining. Mr. Cripps {Old Engluh PlaU, second 
edition, p. 149) cites the few examples of old 
chalicei ha had been able to find after an ex- 
tentire Mazoh. 

I rabjotn the following liafc, though it inoladea 
tb« cxunidM Pe. Ln dtea, beoaiue I beliero it 
so U MMrlytxbMutiTA to fi» m InqoiriM haw 

at preaoii gene, and because it girea nfcteooes 
to pablicatiofw whoe thoae pieces are described ot 

figiued: — 

CAaZieoL— Tboae of (1) Combe Pjiie, (S) Leo- 
minster, (3) Trinity CoUegcv Oxoil, and (4) Gorpua 
Chriati Ci>llege, Oxon^ are figured in ^mcmmiu of 
A%e%mi Ckwtk FUtU, &c^ J. H. Bsrka, 1846. 
There ia also a beautiful drawii^ of the Leorainiter 
dudice, with a description of it, in the Ardunlofia, 
xxxT. p. 489, by Bfr. OcUrius Morgan. Tbera ia 
also a description of the Combe F^e chalice By 
Mr. O. Morgan in Ardugoloffia, xlii. 

(5) Nettlecombe. — Figured and deeoibed by 
Mr. Moigan, Arekaologiti, xlii pu 405. 

(6) Chewton Mendip. — Figured and doMribed 
in ArefuMiogteal Jouritd for 1848, p. 331. 

(7) Old Button.— Figured and deacribed in Old 
Churth Plate in Ou IHoeue of Carli$U, p. 114. 

(8) Little Faringdon.— Alluded to in AnUguary, 
December, 1882, p. 269. 

(9) Wylye.— Vide Old Englith PlaU, second 
edition, p. 149. Mr. Cripps also iUoatrates and 
describes tbe Nettlecombe and the two Oxford 
chalices, besides telling all that ia to be told on 
the subject And here, pezbaps, I may renture 
to take exception to Dr. Lee's sweeping con- 
demnation of the Elizabethan cups, many of which 
(howerer inferior to the chalices which preceded 
them) are none the less good specimens of art, 
and well worthy of careful preserration. I 
would refer your readers to what Mr. Crippa says 
(pp. 150-158) on this subject 

In addition to the nine old chalices above men- 
tioned, I bare been fortunate enough to find two 
more, viz. : — 

(10) Hinderwell, near Whitby.— This chalice 
has no hall marks, but Mr. Cripps kindly gives 
me the early part of the fifteenth century as, in 
his judgment, its probable date. It bears some 
resemblance to the Nettlecombe chalice, though 
not 80 elaborate in detail of workmanship. I hope 
to publish a full description and drawing of it and 
the following before long. 

(11) Jurby, in the Isle of Man.— This has 
London hall marks, but at present it is premature 
to say what year the date letter indicates. This 
chalice has only lately come to light 

Besides these eleven, Mr. Cripps notes another 
(12) sold away from its parish in Wiltshire, and 
now in the British Museum. Mr. Bloxam gives 
a drawing of another (13), "said to have oeeU 
discorered some seventy years ago in ploughing a 
field adjoining the churchyard of Hamstall Bid- 
ware, in Staffordshire" (Companion to Qothie 
ArchiUcturey p. 184). There are also two veiy 
handsome chalices, one at Booonnoo, and the other 
at St Kea, Cornwall, bat tbey are almost cer- 
tainly of foreign (presamaUy French) workmaa- 
■hip. The date of the dudioe at 8k. SampwnVL 
GnmMy,. U, I iMlian^ pont-BiCoQniaioq, »ad 

L Fkb. 17, '83.3 



rtnt hundred years Inter than the dale (viven by 
Dr. Lee, fiiul the Mstorj* of the chalice bolowgin^; 
xnaoy yeara ut^'i in the Uer. K. J. riiipp<i ia too 
uncertain. Alay I uk where ia tbia chalice now } 

J^aUnt, — These are more nuaicrous than the 
chalices. So f&ma I know they are hs follows : — 

(n Great Waltham, Essex. (2) Pilton. (3) 
CHffe. (4) VValmer. (3) Wymondhftm. (0) 
Braocoster. (7) Shernburne. (8) Trinity Col- 
lege, Oxon. — All the above are figured in Sped' 
7)UTW of Ancient. Church }*laU^ and that at Trinity 
Collect', Ojcfurd, ia also figured by Mr. Cripps (Old 
English Flaie^ second edition, p. 149). 

(9) Beeiton Regis. — Vide Paley'a ikfannaZ of 
Gothic ATc}iitec(ure, 1846, p. 246. 

(10) Heworth.— Vide Chaffeta's BaU Marhi, 
fifth edition, p. 85. 

(11) Nettlecombo. — Vide ArcJtaologi<i, xlii. 
p. 40Cty and Old English FlatCy second editiuu, 
p. 146. 

(12) Chewton Mendip. — ^Vide Archaeological 
Journal for 1 848. p. 331. 

(13) Piitpn helonginp to Rot. T. Staniforth.— 
Vide OU I'jUfjlith Piatt, second edition, p. IW. 

(14) Miilew, lale of Man. — Vide JenkinBon'.t 
Guide lo the hland^ p. 1G2. There is no undent 
chrdice here, ns stated in Mr. CumiitinK's book on 
the ]<ile of Man ; that statement is n luiRtiike, 

(15) H:nnstaII Ridware,— Vide Mr. Bloiam'a 
book, aa above. 

(16) Hinderwell, near Whitby. (17) Caalle 
Brorawich, near Birmingham.— Both these latter 
bive been brought to my notice by the clergy of 
those parishes. 

Probably rnnny more patens will tnm up as 
Attention ia drawn to the subject, thank<) to the 
interest excited as to plate ^enprnl]y, and church 
pliite in particular, by Mr. Crippa'a work, ao 
often referred to in this notice. I coidd say 
a great deal more on the subject of old cliurch 
plate, but I will only add that I fcholl be very 
#irut«ful to any of your readers, cleriCid or luy, 
who may he ao ^ood as to send me notea of any 
church plate earlier than the present century 
existing in their purishes. T. M. Falluw. 

Cb«i>c1 Allerton, Lecdi. 

I add a few examples to the liat supplied by 
Dr. Lee which have come tinder my immediate 
notice, intereating from the fuct of their bearing 
the London hull marks and dates of manufacture; 
and I would eufiige^t that, if positible, the date of 
each piece be appended, as denoted eitjier by ita 
hall mark or engnived date of presentation. I 
therefore take the liberty of placing dntea af^inst 
«ome of those quoted by Dr. Lkr ; perhaps he 
can : ■■- "--rs: — 

j (> Fux's chalice and paten, Corpus 

Ch' -, Oxford. 

1 rUorooa Pope'a chalice and paten, 

~ - --^t?! Oxford, 

1B19. The Kettlecombe chalice and paten. 
Ao earlier date has been aaaif^'ned to tlie^ in the 
Ardutologia hy mistaking the date letter for 1459, 
which IB clearly erroneous, the ornamentation beinfc 
very similar to that of the two examples above 
alluded to, as well as in the form, differing 
materially from the style of the middle of the 
fifteenth century. 

Addiiional lift. 

1511. Gothic silver chalioe and paten, Ohewton 
Mendip Church, co. Somerset. 

1514. Gkithic silver puten, Heworth Cburohi 

1.517. Gothic silver paten, in the Kev. T. Staoi- 
forth's collection. 

1523. Gothic silver paten, Dr. Ashford, of Tor- 

1649. Silver chalice and paten, the latter bear- 
ing the royal arms (Edward Vi.), supported by 
the lion and dragon in coloured enamel, St. 
Antbolin'fl parish, London, the church built by 
Wren having been recently demoliabed. 

A few remarks about chalices m:iy not be con- 
sidered irrelevant. Omitting notices of those of 
primitive time.1 made of wood, earthenware, glasa, 
or horn — objected to on account of their absorbing 
nature, fragility, or Impurity — of the inferior metals, 
as lead or copper, " quia provocat vomitum," the 
preference was eventually given to vessels of gold, 
silver, or silver gilt, until at length luxury and 
prosperity suggested the addition of precious 
stones or enamel. The bowl of the silver chalice 
was usually plain, but occasionally a sentence was 
engraved round the middle, the stem, knop, and 
foot being highly ornamented. The foot was large 
in proportion, und the edges eacaloped to prevent 
the chalice rolling off the credence table or altar 
when placed to drain. In an inventory of 12 
Edward IV. (Kal. Exch., iiu 169), "Une coupe 
d'argent dorrtS p''(OH( pUin^ od covercle, od 
rond poirul convenable por Eukarist, poia et pris 
iiij marcs." Plate waa frequently bequeathed to 
be converted into cbalicea. Richard, Lord Serope, 
in 1420 leaves to hia kinsman Marnmduke Lumley 
a cup of silver cjilled " the Constable Bolle," upon 
condition that when a certain chapel he had directed 
to be built was finished it was to be converted into 
a chalice for that bouse {Tut Vit.). Sir John 
Neville bequeaths to the church of Hautenprioe 
a stand ing cup of silver gilt called **the Kataryne," 
and thereof to make a chalice (ih.). Chalices 
being BO frequently left to churches for massea to 
be sung for the welfare of the donors' souls after 
their decease, there must have been a superabun- 
dance of them in many large churches, and it 
was not unusual to let them out on hire. In the 
churchwardens' accounts of St. Margaret's, West- 
minetcr, is the following: "Item. Beceived of my 
Lord Daubeneia' chaplaynea for the hire of 4. 
Chalia hj a whole jen.r, v\i* vh^'^ "Va. wosiKwsstt. 



[«*B.Vn. PntU'SSL 



Dm obnllco wm a calimiiii, or pip«. used to 
tmw ti pirtiuu of the rnnt«nla ioU) cbe moutb 
Mlliniii Ipiilng l.h« lip» totich the cup, in a*e from 
w ti'iith to ihf) Hixtoonih century. In Oie in- 
tutwy of St. VnuW A.I), 1205, "C»lix Grecus 
pMlfnn, uum c]uubu« calaiuU Ar^jenteis Henti- 
iUr, <uiiu yaiHKinitiu« in circuitw, oi>ero fusorio 
iv»u«, pnmiuriii vj,l." It wtw bIw termed tislulrt, 
itinn, iinrl canolii, DiiCAn^e exptniDH " Ctilutuus. 
Utulo.qiiil ituiKuia Dominicus bauritur." 

W, V. 
K«w Albcnnnini Club. 

To Pit. LitK'ti lilt bHouIcI be udded tho notable 
Ardn|;h ciip/' of which A full acconot will be 
mnd in Mr. W. J. Oripps'n Colltgt arvd Corpora- 
ten Plaitf p. 7 (" Soulb ICeaaiofEton Art Hiind- 

>k"}> HiRONDCLLK. 

Tn Iho Indfz to f/u) Journal of the Bntuk 
\cJiintli)t;i&tl Anocuttion, toU. i.-ixx., I find 
kt pulf 08 were exhibited, xxL S31; xxviii. 183; 
its. 184. Ko cbulicea appear. Nuhao, 

Tkkkiii («»•• S. iii. 495 ; iv. 90. 214 ; ▼. CO, 73 ; 

373. 410, 430, 470, &I9, 643; TJi. 16, 73).— 

ntn tk detiirci lo be ns brief as possible in writing 

•* N. A Q ,'' I may not have explained my 

iboory of the origin of tbo word Hcnnin with sof- 

iK'icnt exacincs!!. I nitiy Bay, perhaps, with 

oracp, " Brevi.1 cuae luboro, obscurus fio"; and 

erefofp, with your permlsiioD, I will endeavour 

cxplttin it more fully. 

I ASftume that this parttcufar form of ball-play- 
Bg did not come into use, at least in this country, 
lonj? before the word tennix^ or more properly 
(anw, ftnpeurs in our literature, that is, before the 
rei(jn of Henry IV. This is, however, no part of 
my aTKiimeot. I wish only to show that the word 
iil<rd here before that time with a prior but yet 
lied meaning. In O.Fr. the form* icnit, Intft, 
Unton, */»n'oii, are found, and also Unnt nod 
n. They have all the same meaning ; 
querelle, guerre, combat," as Roquefort inter- 
pret* ttr^T. All hare become obsolete, except 
ftnu^ and this exists only us n dialectic word, and 
ith n ftccoadury inennini;. They were often med 
In dvhote a word-fiKhl, *' combat de paroles," but 
thin is only nn application of the more general 
menninijf. In Lani^uedoc the form was (<nio, ond 
till* tmnalation of ihe passatie which in our A.V. 
ill " I havi< fotifzht a (zood fight," is in this dialect, 
' In bona fcn«" trnnoni-i," bonum certAmen certavi 
JKf/, hvuj., by I)tf .Sauvaces). 

We know the Norman- French that was spoken 
ere from thit time of Ihe t-*onque»t only from 
scds and other written dociimcnls. In thet^e the 
rui Um^on nr tcajon alone haJi come down to us; 
>t rn>iu this we may tafely infer, I think, that 
olber forms were used in the ipciken lapfpiaj;e, 
Fnuic*. The nuffix on ii oaljr the Celtic 

6afnx of individuality, and the French fbnn Um» 
or Unti 9U(;g(»ts an earlier Unit. It is also wonby 
of note that the word-wus at first ceoemlly written 
with one n. It appears as tcnyu (or fencyc} in the 
Promp. Parv. (1440), in a statute of Henry VH, 
(1490), "No Apprentyce nor serraunt of hus- 
bandry play at the tiblys, twyie, dyse," &c.; En 
Sir T. Elyot'a Bihliolhefa {\65S), " Pila hidere, lo 
play aiUnyu"; in Cooper'u Diet (1578). "Pilaw 
exercere, to pluy at the tenitt or lyke game"; Aod 
in other works. • 

I infer that this O.Fr. t^HM or Unit, meaning 
strife, fight, combat, was applied, and then ex- 
clusively devoted, to the contest of parties in this 
particular form of ball-playing. There is nothinj^ 
forced or annatural in such an application of it. The 
argument may not seem satisfactory to Mb. Jouaii 
Marshall — he has, I believe, a theory of bis own 
to support ; but, in withdrawing from a discus- 
sion which has now stretched to a great length, 
I submit it to the jndgment of those among your 
readers who feel an interest in the controYeny. 

J. D. 

BcUixe Square. 

Sir Winston Churchill, Knt, in JWtn BHianniH: 
being A Htmark upon tht Livtt of nil tht Kingt of 
thx$ liU from, Ou year of tht FKorW 2865 tinfo 
(Jm year of Grac6 1660. Ben. T., 1412, p. 2Cl, 
writes : — 

" Scornfully lent the King a Prownt nf Tents-baltt. 
which heingof no value, nor recknniii|(, worthy mo graaC 
a Priiiceti ncco|)tttnvc, or Id* recommcndatiuii, could have 
no other meaning rtf interpretation, bat, ai one tUould 
iay, he knew hotter how to use them then llulletii. The 
King, vrhoKcWtt waa tts keen ai t' others Sword, retuniM 
hini thin Annwer, ' That i» requital of hi* fme Pretont of 
Teoifl-boll*, lie would ««nd hitn lucli Ball*, aa he should 
not dare to hold up his Kacket aguinst tbem.' " 

Edwaki* Fjtz-Yorkb. 

Earlt Marriages (C"* S. v'u 347; vii. 91).— 
A. U. will, I trust, forgive mo for pointing out that 
the tnie date of marriage of Lionel, Duke of 
Clarence, is ten years earlier than the one be fau 
given, 80 that the ago of the duke was /our, no( 
fourteen years. On Sept. 9, 1312, Bartholomew 
de Burghersh was paid 360/, " for jewels bought 
by him from divers men of London for the use of 
Elizabeth, daughter of W., late Erirl of UUter, for 
the nuptials {tpovMiliu) between Lionel the king's 
son and the said Elizabeth, lateUj mUviHiiul at 
the Tower of London, tix.. for a golden crown 
garnished with stones, a girdle gnmlshed with 
pern, A nouche, nod a trcssure f'irfiish..^ 
with perrt^ and a ring with a rub 
(Ittue Roll, Micht., Ifl Edw. IIL). i 
waa the senior of Lionel by six yean, having 
been born Jnlv 0, 1332 {fuT} H^7^ /Vw. llton.^ 
7 Edw. IIL 39). Their »,.,ro 

Aug. 16, 1356 {Pmh. .J . ira« 

married to Edtuiuul, Katl ul Mufch, in the QoMol^ 


Chapel, before July 16, W>9 {Imu JiolU, E<uter, 
33 Edw. HI.). The bill for her weddiog jewels 
nod those of the Princens Wtirijnret, which oobI 
.SSer 6*. Sd,, was paid Febrnriry 15 {Ibid., Michs , 
rt3 Edw. III.); but the entry does not intlinate 
that the niarriu^'ea hiul actually been celebrated. 
She died in or uboiit December, 1377, ns news of 
ber death WOK sent to ber uncle, John of Qi&udI, 
on J&niinry 7 following, to excuse the widowed 
Imaband frniii nccoutpanying him to Scotland 
tftiA, AlieU, 1 Rich. 11.). 

CoDBtancc, only daugnter of Edraund, Pake of 
York — whwe pitrent* were rnftrried in March, 1372, 
nnd whose brother Edward was born c. 1372-4— 
vfa» marrietl toThoMiiisleDespenserbefore Nov. 7. 
1379, on which day John ofGiiunt paid 22^ <»«. 4((. 
fur a Rilver-j{ilt bitnitp, triper, and ewer, yiven to 
ber At her wedding {Rcgiaicr of John of Gaunt, 
vol ii. fol. 19, b.), then evidently a post event. 
Her bridegrooin wiu born Sept. 22, 1373 (/nfy. 
Mdwordi Lt Dt*ptnstT, 49 Edw. lU. ii. 46). 

Abundnuce of siniiliir instunces mij^ht be giren, 
OS 8ucb infant marriaffes were not at all uncommun 
tbroughout the Middle Agts. HKnuKNTurnic 

The notorious Duke of Wliarton wiia mnrried at 
ibe Fleet in 1716, being then in his sfxteenth 
year. In thi.< case the wife was mucb too good 
for the husband ; but no doubt many young heirs 
find heireasefl committed iimtrimony nt nn ei^ually 
«arly ape at Mayfair nnd iho Fleet, It may be 
worth while to remark that nearly every English 
poet of the neveoteenth and eighteenth ccnturicn 
■writes nf "fifteen" as the most charming aye in 
yodnff Indies. The Duke of Bedford was mnrried 
in 1725, at the age of sixteen, as Lady Mnry 
WortJey Montagu recorda in a chanicteriistic 
letter. Euvtard H. Maiisiiall. 

A I'onTRAiT OF CnAnLES I. (G*** S. vi. 430).— 
Fiib^r, Mn., ncraped three plates of this Bubjecl, 
and Faber, jun., one. They all bear very simihir 
hiacriptions, according to one of which the original 
piotute ("A: v: Dykt> Eqs. PJnxit") waa "in the 
Poawaeion of the Uonble George Clurk, Eitqr. one 
of the Lords Commra of ye High Court of Ad- 
miralty." They are all accurately described in 
hia British Maxotinto PortraiU, by Mr. J. C. 
6mith, who notices the fact "that Vandyke died 
seven years )>efore the trial of Charles," but gires 
no opinion as to the authorship of the picture. 


Prefixed to a little 12mo book in my possession, 
forming one of the "Family Library" aerieb, and 
entitled Trials of CUarlu I. and the Regicide*, ia 
* ateel ponrait of the unfortunate king^ exactly of 
tha aame kind aa that mentioned at the above 

preference, and eaid to be engraved by W. C. 

Hfdwards, but no paiator's name ia subscribed. 

KUoUm my memory ia very much at fault, there ia 




^ fine portrait in oil of King Charles I. at Belvnir 
Castle, from which the engraving seems to have 
been taken; but it is more than thirty yenn 
since I saw it. There is no authors name pre- 
fixed to the little volume, but the fotlnwing re- 
markably apt and prophetic quotalion from 
Lucretiut ia placed on the page before the eoD- 
tenta: — 

" Ergn. regibus occis1». mbversa jtcebafc 
PriUink majciUa soliorum. ec itieptni iiiperba : 
Kt Cttpitia Bummi prDecIamm iasi^a cruontum 
Hub pcilibus Tulgi mitKnuu* lugelMt boiiorem : 
Nsfii oupide conculcAlur niinii ante laetutiim. 
Rei ilaqae sil sumniam faiccm turbuque revidit, 
Imperiam eibi cum, sc sunimatum (juihiuo i^ettfbst." 

Uk.T. 1135-11. 

Ncwbourae Rectory^ Woodbrldgo. 

"Thb Pickwick Papws" (6** S. vi. 29).— A 
friend of mine writes me in reference to thin query : 
" Yo« will at 00C8 see how easily the mystery is 
solved wheu I lell yon the plates were in duplicate, 
in order to get enough intpression.i for publitvition 
day, and that coaaoquently both * Veller ' and 
* Weller' would appear in the same edition. But 
why Browne made the change in the letters I can- 
not tell." W. SxAVE.'iinAaKx Jokes. 
79, Carlton Hill, N.W. 

Thb Donmow Flitch (6"» S. vt. 449).— The 
earliest allusion to this is in Pitn tht PUntnuan, 
A text, pass. x. 188. It is mentioned in 
Chaucer, H'l// of Bmlhts TaU, and in a poem ia 
MS. L:iud 41C t'lboiit 1460). There is a note, a 
page and a hulf long, on the subject in a book 
which abounds with iltustrationa of old words and 
manners, but fcems to be only known to few, vii., 
my Notts to Pins the nowma7i, p»»blished by the 
Early English Text Society in 1877. See p. 227 
of that work. Waltir W, Skbat. 

The custom ia far earlier than the seventeenth 
century. The origin is not known with certainty, 

"Inthpchirtul«ry, or register book of Iho pri' in 
llic Uritiih Miiseufii. tbore ure ontriea atid iiiomoraadums 
(if pomonii that received llie bncon at «-ircral tiroei; 
Riohiird Wriftht, of BadtbtirBh, near Norwich, yeoman, 
27 April, 1445: Strpben Samuel, of Little Kaeton, has- 
bandinan. in HfiT: Thomai Puller. of Coii;irc«ha)1.8 Sept., 
1510."— //tJt. o/iTiWJ-, Tol. iii. pp. 165-H, Chelm«r,1770. 

£d. AUrshall. 

In the Bistory of the Dunmow F/ifWi of Bacon 
Cattom^ by \V. Andrews (Tegg & Co., 1877), it is 
stjitcd that the custom is tmpposed to have bad its 
origin as early as in the time of King John. 

Albert Hartbhorwr. 

Brand (Bobn^a edit., il 180) aays it " is alluded 
to in the I'mon* of Pitrce pfoivmav.** To which 
is added (by Sir Henry Ellii, I snppowV ^-^w-h 
early notice oC it occ\xt* \xl "^^^ \a.>A ^\^,' 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [fl« a vii. femt, 

metrical paraphrase of the Ten Commandments, 
in the Bodteiiia Libmry." J. Inule Dilbdoe. 

Followers op "N. & Q." (6* S. vii 105).— 
To the list already ^veu should be added WUlit't 
Current Notu, a piiblicnlioo of the luiiue sizo and 
8^1e u our dear N. & Q." I have seven volumes, 
of aboafc 100 pages each, from 1851 to 1857t and 
should be gltid to know whether the work waa 
continued after that date. It seems ntrange that 
Germany should posseas no journal of the kind. 
Is it that the German erudites are loth to com- 
mnnicate their knowledge except in the form of 
big and frequently very unreadable books ? 


[See "N. fc Q./' 6"" 8. vi. 328. 522. At the Utter 
reference our correopondent will find the iDfonuAtioQ be 
seeks. Hupplicd by Mb. Uevst Sotdeiuk.] 

A te1iKi<^ii8 paper, the same size as " N. & Q.," 
w-os pnblij^hed in 1B64. It was called Thi CJiria- 
tian Annotator ; or^ NoUs and Qitcries on Scrip- 
tural SuhjtcU. It lasted tilt April 11th, 1857, and 
was diacoalinued ou account of the death of the 
editor, Mr. L. H. J. Tonna. It is of contiiderable 
Talue, and contains contributions by some of the 
most eminent theologians of the Evangelical school 
of that time. Hudert Buwku. 


Balthazar Gerbier (G'" S. y'lu 89).— In Wal- 
pole's Atitcdotat of Painting Mr. O. A. Ward 
will find a biographical notice of Gerbier which, 
with other details, says that ho had an academy in 
Wbitefriurs, and, later, another at Betbnal Green. 
His prospectuses referring to one or other of these 
establishments are in the British Hiueum, and 
give elaborate accounts of the system uf tencbiog 
which prevailed there. 0. 

Books written in Lati!7 dv Moderns (6'** 
S. tL 207. 351).— Though the following quotation 
u rather a long one, perhaps it will be jtistilied, as 
coming from so well-known a man ns Dr. Arnold, 
and as containing the reasons for writing his notes 
OD Thucydides in English, when the custom was 
yet in its earliest etatei, if, indeed, any itnportant 
chwrinal notes had appeared in English previously; 
Dr. S. T. BloomQeld's edition of Thucydides, I 
believe, was later, though his translation waa pub- 
lished in 1829, " with notes -;— 

•• It only remains that I should explain the reason of 
the ^otu and Preface to tfaii edition being written in 
Englich, when prescription has «d lone been in fnvourof 
the UM of Latin. It Rcnied to me ihst to continue at 
this tiroo of day to write in Latin, were but to luld one 
more to the numcroui Instaaces in which, hj protesting 
to tread closely in the steps of our ancestor*, we in 
fact dvpui from them moit widely by nersistinfc 
fbotlshly in thst whiob they begao wisely. Wb«n the 
laftjiwtfes of moJem Europe were no t>etter tlun un- 
formed dialectfl ntit only editions of cUsAical atitbom, 

bat iheolofry, hiitory, law, philosophy, cverythtnK. in 
short, except popular poetry, tales, and some few chm. 

niclpi, were vniTersallr written in Latin. Now, howerer, 
when there is scarcely a lanf^kge in Europe whose 
literature is so poor as that of Kome ; when the know- 
ledge of French. Geramn, Italian, and English formsso 
common a pare of the ocquirciuoiits of educateiJ men in 
all tbeio fuur cuuntrief; and when it would bo ludicrous 
for a divine, an hittorian, or a philoiophcr to publish 
his tboughtH in any other thun hig natiTo limgnage, there 
can be no further reason why an EuKtiibman in editing 
& Greek writer ehould have reoounw to Latin; or why 
in communicating between two nutians, whofo lun- 
Ruages ore both so rich and so flexible as those of 
Greece and England, we thoald call in tho aid of 
fin interpreter whoie vocnhulary is so meafcre as that 
of the lan^uai^a of Borne. Xo oaose but uecoisity would 
induce an active minded man to submit (o the oonitratnc 
of writing in any other lanfcuage than that io whioli he 
habitually Rpnaks and thinks; and n«oes«ity can in this 
cose be uo longer pleaded, since the happy peace vrhicb 
we now onjuy has broken down the barriers between 
nation and nation, "— Preface to first edition of Tf<uty- 
diiitj, Or. a.a., dated " Rugby, May 14, 1S30," p. xTii, 

It will be observed that this contains a state- 
ment of the principles by which Dr. Arnold woa 
led to introduce, us he was the first to do, the 
study of moderu languages in the public school 
systeui, from which it became so univcrsnUy dif- 
fused, Ed. Marshall, 

•*Thk Botterflt's Ball," &c. (6"" 3. vii. fiO^ 
118).— This child's book was published in 18(^> 
with illustrations by Mulready. I believe it was 
written by William Godwin, of Snow Hill, who 
published it. A copy is in the British ^fuseum, and 
another (?) at South Kensington, of thi^ r<titinn. 
which was most prubaiily the fitBt. At 
was told it wiis such by au old friend of Mn i v 3 
and an acquaiutance of Godwin's. 

" JoiMIfG THE MAJORTTT " (6"" S. vL 225, 

— The sentiment has been illustnted. May 
allowed to mention a verbal parallel to the *' 
ad pliures" of SirT. Browne, which .1. 0. notti 
In Pluutus, Trinuta., II. ii. 14, there is, * 
prius me ud plures penetravi," Nenp., 1619. 

£d. Mah^q^ 

May I suggest that some one able to tell al 
say who lirst used the (now, I fear I must 
largely received) vulgarisui, "theffr^fif mnjori 
Am I correct in assuming this ^'vit^phrasf 
be an Americziuism ? The Pictorial WorUJ ai 
paper goes so for oa to use a stereotyped heai 
" The Great Majority," for its obituary notii 
observe. WapRED Hamgrai 

WOOWD FOR WlKDW) (C* S. vi. 205, 36S). 
Frnnkoi is the following passage ia iUuatrai 




at Im uiii 

1 I. IB turn 

the call till all the (reeawuvU raxi£."— UUap. autlL 

l!»&VILF«i. ir.t3.| 





In Keble'a CKrutian Tmr, in the poem for the 
Tweuiy-third Sundny tffcer Trinity, is the foUow- 
ing stjioza ; — 

"* Non the tir'd banter windt a jwrtlns note, 
^ And Ecbobiil* gnod-nitcbt from every cUJe; 
Yet tfflit awhile, and see the Okim IcAves do«t 
Each to fait rcit beneath tlioir parent shadfl." 
The lime of this is what the poet calls in the pre- 
ceding •taur.a "the brief November iluy." 

The opening lines of LocMty Hall, by Tenny- 
S0D| are : — 

'* ComrnJe*, Ic&ve mo hero a Utile, while u yet 'til early 
morn : 
l^are me here, and when yon want me, ie«A<i upon 
the bugle hum." 

In the old bullnd of "Roliin Hood and Guy of 
Gi«borne," in the Ikdiqnti of Ancient Bngluh 
Po€try^ "blowing" inatead of "winding" or 
"•onnding" is used :— 

" Robin Hood sett Gujoi harne to liii moutli. 
And & loud blut in it did /7ow, 
That heheard the ilieriire uf NottingUam 
Ai be leaned under a loire. 

He&rlien, hearken, eajd the alierUTa, 

1 heiire n^wa tidinifs irood. 
For yonder 1 hwre 8tr Ouye*» home Uoire, 
And he batU alain Bobm UooJ." 

Newboorne Rectory, WoodbriJi^ 

The Owl as Emblem of Death (6**» S. r. 447; 
Ti 74, 108, 353).— 

yS)untig the night at Yadalgamnte, we heard the 
criei . f the demon-tird, or tTlama. aa it i§ aluo called by 
the uatirtH. Perched in a nciglibourin^ tree, it made 
loud a.tul liidooui tcreami, conreytnt; the ide» of extreme 
diitrc-ia. It* harah and horrid notes are cujipoaed, hke 
ihoie of the icri-ech owl, to be of cril omen, and a pre- 
lude to dcnth or iniiforiune."~AH. vlKUHitt a/ the in- 
tfriar of Ct^lou, ai\J o/ its InhnhitanU. ^'tU Travtls in 
a«e htand, by John Davy, M.D., F.K.S., p. 424, 4to., 
Load., 16'il. 

Fra5K Redx Fowke. 

24, Victoria GroTo. Cheljea. 

pRONrNcrATios OF " Either," "Nkitoer" (6**" 
S. vi. 207, 3fil).— Dean Smith's pronunciation, 
vhOut^ noMihtr^ does not seem to be altogether 
" unnc-countable." ()i\tr and noiher (sometimes 
noit(Afr)— tiihcT and noithiT are good old Eng- 

" I drede not thatofA^r thon schalt dye, 

Or that thou tchalt not lore lurelrv." 

Cliaocer, Canf. Ta., ** Knightcs Tale'" U. 738-9. 

" And wol not euffren hem by noon asient 

Nocher to ben y-baried nor y-br^nt' 

Ibid., IL 83-9. 
This appears uIho to ncoounl for the Lancashire 
icbooliuftiiter's other on 'em («t(A«r of them), and 
the north country cUiwr and TiatW„ C. F. H. 

Yet another mode ! \fy story, the scene of 
which ii lithl in the neighbourhood of Leeds, pro- 
CMds iu the flume way as K. M. T.'a up to and 

inchtdiof; the consultation of the oracle. Tho 
umpire in this case is said to have replied tliiit 
** ttihtr or ei^W woa right, but atcthtr would do ! ** 
WiLFREi* Harohave. 

Sarah, Ddchess of Marlborocoh (n"» S. v. 
448, 471; tL 330). — Since receivinK the many 
kind answers to my query on the birthplnoe of 
the DuchesH of Marlborough which have appeared 
in "N. k Q.'' I have met with a few statem«tjt<t 
which, when thrown together in the form of a 
pedigree, show a connexion with Bnrwell which 
may easily have led to a tradition tbtC she was 
born there : — 

Sir OifTord^Siuan Temple, MaidscSir Mnrlin Liiter, 
Tbornhont, j of Honour to Queen of Hurwoll, cu. 
lat hu»band. | Anne of Denmark. Lino.^I^ndbaibaniL 

Frances^ Richard 


Martin Lister, M.D., F.R.8.. one 
of whoee childron was the "Jane 
Lifter, dearo chlldo " of tho AVeat- 
Diinitcr Abbey momortal. 

Sarah, Ducheu of AlarlboroojiEb. 

J. U. Clark. 

The Law of Gravitation (6* S. vi. 163, »48). 
-^Therc is this notioe of the relation of Cicero's 
remark to Sir L Newton's discovery in Chambers'^ 
Book of Dai/i, ii. 758 : — 

'' It maybe mentioned as a curiooa olrcunutaaoo that 
a controversy arose, a few years k20, on the ijuestion 
whether or not Cicero nntioipatvd Newton in the dJB' 
covery or an tu>un cement of tho jrreat law tff gravitation. 
The mKtter ii worthy of note, because it ilhietrutes the im- 
perfect way in which that theory is often understood. In 
the Tusculan Disputations of Cicero this piusBfie oocurs; 
' Qua omnia delata irritate medium mundi locum 
semper expetant.' The meaning of the passage iiaa been 
regarded its somewhat obecure, and in some editions 'in 
qu& ' occurs insUad of ^itd y nevertheless the Idea is that 

of a c<:n'ru^;7oiA(, towards which all thinf^ (p^vitate 

But >'owton'B great achievement was to dismise this idea 
of a fixed point altogether, and to substitute the tiieory 
of univfTtai fur that of c<ntral invitation, that is that 
OTcry particle gravitates towards every other As- 
suredly Cicero never conceived the Newtonian idea, thai 
when a ball Tails to meet tba earth the earth rises a litUe 
way to meet the ball." 

Compare with the above a similar expression of 
opinion in Cicero, De Natura Veorunit ti. 45. 

£o. Marshall. 

Tf, as Dr. jNaLXBT thinks, Ma. Clodston haj» 
made a mistake in speaking of the anticipation of 
"Newlon'a great discovery" in the Vedas, the 
same may probably be said of Sir W. Jone?, front 
whom 1 have in an old note-book the following 
quotation, though nnlnckily without the reference : 

**I can ventore to alBrm. without wiihing to pluclca 
leaf from tiie tie»er*fftding laiirels of our immortoj New- 
ton, that the %«hijle of liis theology »i'^ the greater part 
of his philosophy may be found iu the Vedas, and even 
in the works of the Sufee." 

Athenaeum Club. 

Mdf w* not claim some IntimatioD, if not the 
unl ()i»coT«ry, of this h\w, for a philosopher 
o\ArT thun Nowton, the Idunevi, or even the 
' V«dafl] And thU claim cannot be considered 
I rwh, BUpporled 03 it ia by the great authority of 

^^■^'* The bocik of Job UkewiM will be found, if eumined 

^mith care, pregnnnt with ttio Mcretn of nfttiir<«l p)iiIo< 

^^toiiiiy. For ei*inplc, wlc.-n it nmy*. 'Qui eilendit Aijui- 

lonorii lupcr vicuum, ct B|>pvi)diC tcrr>ni piiper nitiiluiit ' 

{xxvi, 7 J thoitupunsiouorilieeartU und the convextl/ of 

the hcftTflM are m*tiife«tl7 ftlluded to." — Advanetmtnt 0/ 

fc'— --iny, bk. i. 
Edward H. Marshall, M,A. 
Pout OKSCKMORn from a Kino (G*'' S. vi. 
M2). — Mr. Joseph Foster in collecting royn! 
nti for publication, and I am indebted to 
'or R copy of the Lyon Offi.ce, and the Marjori- 
lmnk$ Famiiiu reprinted from Collectanea Gcnta- 
Ingxat, purt viii., on the wrapper of which, p. 3, 
rhere ia ftn article on "The descent of Frederick 
ennj-Bon from the Blood Hoyal of EDRlttod," in 
hioh hia ancestry is traced to Williiim I. tind 
her kings. Eo. Marshall. 

Your correspondents will find Mr. Tennyson's 
nt from the Plantapenels in fturkeU Landed 
0$nitrff under " Teonj-aon D'Kjncourt." 


^ Black RADianEs itsed by Jews (6^ S. vi. 388). 

^^^Tlie black radish^ often colled the black Spanish 

^KMlisb, is a well-known vegetable : but it i^ seldom 

^^Tultivoted in ordinary gardens, as it is, to most 

tastes, not very piiLitible. I have often seen it in 

London, and I think Mr. Brittcn will tiad it, in 

the proper season (whenever that may be), in many 

^rreeoi^ocora' Bbops, and perhaps even in Covent 

Girdeo. It would, at anv rate, he found, I should 

ny, in the Borough Market. I can find nothing 

bout it in any botanical work, unless a variety of 

a deep brown cnlour," incidentally meutiooed in 

e Trtatury of Botany under "Itiphnnus," refers 

this esculent. I have always taken it to be merely 

garden'variety of Raphanun taiivm. There is, 

owever, a notice of it in Cobbett's English (iat- 

nrr. where the following not very complimen- 

ry but characteristic remarks occur :— 

•Wilh regard to the turnip-rooted lort*. they ire all 
^rtatly Inferior, hi point of flavour, to the tap-rooted ; 
himI as to tliQ IU\':1: Sfmnt$k raHuk, it it a coarne thin^, 
Uiat u ill ttaad the wintt- r about ns well as a tdmlp, and 
i« very little sunerior to » tumin id point of fltroar. It 
14 called a radiih, and may l>« had with hardly any 
trouhle crea in the winter time, but it is, in fact, not 
tit to oat," 

I ^rew black radiMhes in my garden some four- 
en or fifteen ye;iri a^jo, but I have never repeated 

t* f*xi3eriincul. I mu afraid I share old William 
'tbbott's opinion. It is p'Mutbte. howevpr, that 1 
id not know how to eat them. I used them raW| 
[ should use anv otli^r radish ; and tterhtips I 
u^ht to h»ve Doo\(n\ them^ or sliced teem with 

oil and vinegftr. It would be interesting to know 
how the Jews prepare them, and why they are In 
such esppcial favour with that race. 

Mr. Britten's informant compares black 
radishes to red beet ; but what I have seen have 
been the shape of n coarsely grown turnip mdisb, 
and about three inches in diameter, and Oobbeti 
includes them amongst the "turnip-rooted sorte." 
Bobert Holland. 

Frodeliam, Cheshire. 

The hiack or Spanish radish is an old inhabitant 
of the English garden, and is described by all the 
writers to whom we usually resort for infurwutioo, 
fromDodoens(l/)78)down toThompson'sOardcntrtf 
Aisifitant (1878). Gerarde describes its flavour 
correctly as bitiog and sharp ; and Parkinson 
reverses the order, calling it sbarp and biting. It 
{{rows to n large size, and varies in form from tha( 
of It turnip to that of a beet ; the colour of the 
nkin is brownish black, but the Hesh ia white, 
hard, and has a very pungent flitvour. I know of 
oue place where this root can be purchased, and it 
is the open-air market of the Whitechapel Koad, 
London. Shirlkt Uiqbe&d. 

I nm much surprised at the statement that the 
black radish is only eaten by Jews, baving fre- 
quently seen it served as a kora d'otucre both in 
England and on the ContlncnL It ia a particular 
favourite with the family of some relatives of mine 
who are anything hut Jews. It is very strong* 
and only the outside fmrt is euten. There is 00 
difficulty in getting the iced at anv seedsman's. 

*R. H. BcsK, 

They are welt known in Covent Garden Market., 
and the French use them largely; they are leti 
watery than the red kind, very much hiryer, and 
somewhat hotter. C. A. Ward. 


TuE Curfew North and Socth (G*** S. t.I 
3-17; vi. 13, 177, 318).— The bell rung in Ihej 
morning at 6 o'clock, mentioned by C. G. U.| 
is C'lUed nt Salisbury, where it is rung at half* 
past 5 o'clock, the " Apprentices' Cell." T sbonh* 
be sorry to upset such .'in old idea as that of tbi 
curfew; but mifiht not the two bells— 8 o'cloci 
and half-past 5 o'clock — have hod the same objecl 
— one to leave, the other to begin, work ( TIm 
3 o'clock bell is still ruog out fr^>m the old cburih] 
at MncclesGeld in Cheshire. Tint Ti3I. 

The bell rung at 8 o'clock in the evening may] 
in many cases represent the curfew bell of evlj 
times; but where a hell is ruog at 6 o'clock ii 
the morning, or at luiy other mrlv hour. 
another in the eveninu, niny m>i In 

lieu of the An{;elns bell rung in V iioli 

churches to remind those who hear it to repeat, U 
honour of the Blessed Virgin, the ungelic satul 
tiOD, ** Uail Mary," &c.l The rlogiog of u b«U 

««3.Tn.F«,.i7.'83.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

it«l honra, morning nnd evening, may have been 
'i»&tiDued Oil usf^ful in marking the time for begin- 
aiog and leaving ott* work. E. McC — . 

Is it not likeW that the so-cuUeJ curfew, rung at 
Richmond in Yorkshire every night at 8 o'clock 
and every tnorning at G o'clock, is the Angelus ? 

T. C* G. 

The Maushals or Napoleom I. (6"" S. vii. 87, 
11]^, — By an unaccountable mistake the following 
name vtn» left out of my Uat of Napoleon's mar- 
abale:— 1815. Grouchy. Gcstavk Massok. 


AoTHORs OF QnoTATioNS Wanted (6"» S. vu. 


" A moment'* hklt, a momentary tute," Ace. 
Tlie aiitlior of the quatrain cited by Mu. Willis wm 
Omar KbaTVam, of ^ai«hapur, a TerBian poet, ctrm 
A.i'. lliOO. the a»K'»c linca fomi Ihe forlv eiglilh itAnsa 
of his |iwm pmltled The /(uA.iiydl. I'hero »tre two 
tnuuUtians of the work into EngUih ; Mil. Willis's 
qiiotation betnc from the better veriion matle by Mr. 
Fitzifetalt], and publidhed by Pickerinc. about thirty 
years agu. The book hat long been out of priNt. 

iKiCHARi> Lke. 
(flfh S. Tii. M.) ^ 

" Death cannot cflme," &c. 
Theae lines will be found in £>ean MUnuui'i Fall of 
J(iuiai<i/u J. H. it. 

fSto on Di'jnitia \n ttit Penatji of SeotlaHd wh'ck ar« 


Dormant or uhtch have Uen Forfeittd. By WilliMin 

Oienhnm Hewlett, F.S.A. (Wildy k Sons.) 
This book hos ccroe out very opportunely, and eontaiut 
moeh that cannot fail to be of interest to students of 
biitory and genealogy^ a class largely represented in the 
psges of " N - 4 li- " Tbero are few subjects more capable 
of gfTinir rise to long-sostained controrersy than that of 
which Mr. Hewlett lUtutrates a portion. By the limita- 
tions of his title psgc he has escaped some difficulties, the 
solution of whicli seems to be in a rery far distant future ; 
but in so dotuf; wo fear we mutt say, "Jncidit to 
8c>Uam." Tlicre are rocks enough in his chosen course 
to wroclc many a goodly Tcssel, and it cannot he denied 
that Mr. Hewlett's ship Uaj suffered in her poaiage 
through these dangerous waters. 

In many cases Mr. Hewlett has evidently trusted too 
absolutely to Dougliks for hii gonralogical accoants of the 
peerages inchidcd in his book. While wo are fully sensible 
of the debt that l^'cottish gcn^ alogists owe tn Sir Robert 
I>ODglas and to the continuator of his Vtcragt, as well as 
to Crawfur<i, we must assert Uiat it is impossible to erect 
either of them int<t an infalliblo guide without the cer- 
tainty of being led into erron either of omiBsloo or com- 

Some of Mr. UewIett'M mimtr erron appear tn he due 
solely to his unfamlUarity with Scottish family history. 
Thus, in his occoant of the Rutherfurd peerage, he 
accepts the alien form "Drury" as the equivalent t-f the 
Scottish " Durie," simply, no doubt, through want of 
Mqaaintanco with ttie perfectly well-known house of 
i>urie of that ilk. The English name Drury is a jure 
blonder of Knelish writers, Liiid only add« confujiion to 
an alreaJy sufficiently compUcated story, 

It is unfortunate that Mr. Hewlett should belie to in 
"belting" IS a mode of creation of Scottish peerages, 
and not, as it really was, of suleum public recognition 
thereof after creation by cliartor. Tbii miMonceptmn 
runs through a large portion of Mr. Hewlett's book. 
We hope he will roconiider lii^ position in a future 
edition. Tbe list of claiuii to Scutt'nh peerugcj) referre<l 
to the House of Lords, upon which evidence has been 
taken, but which hare not been reported upon, and the 
li't of claims referred, but upoti wiiich tbe House does 
not appear t<i hare taken any proceedings at all, hatU 
desenra caneful ituJy. They are strong aniuments on 
the itde of (hose who urge that the present mode r.r 
adjudicating upon Scottish pcera;;e claims i« eminently 
unsatisfactory. We hrtpe that in his next edition Mr. 
Hewlett will rhake himself more free from the trammali 
of the Committes for Privileges. 

IL'ttory of SKptoH, By W. Uarbutt Dawson. (Stmpkin, 

Motvhall k Co.) 
Sktpton is an interesting town, but little has been 
hitherto done in the way of itlunratin^ its hiatory. Mr. 
Dawson's book can in no sort be considered final, but it 
is a useful book notwithstanding, and as a storehouic 
of foots will be most valuable t> the future hiitorian 
whcnerer lie shall come forward. It ti ipecially useful 
for tbe more moileru time. What we arc told concerning 
the Saxon and >'orman times does not amount to much, 
and may almost all of it be found in other places. We 
have not learnt anything we did not know before of 
Kanulpb do Meschines, the house of Do Bomille, or Iha 
earlier CliiforJs ; but when we get down later Ihege ia 
much that seems to us new. Mr. Duwson has had aocesi 
to the records preserved in the castle, and many extracts 
are given which make us long for more. Some of the 
manorial services are curious, ^'ut onljr bad the tenants 
to carry wood and food to the castle, and plough and 
harrow the lord's demtsne lands and to cut biscom, hub 
they hod also to thatch his bakehouse and brewbouse, 
and t^ gather nutx for him in a wood called the Hawo. 
Ueriots were paid hero as elsewhere on the death of a 
tenant, and there waa another custom which wc do not 
remember having hitherto met with. The tenants {laid 
every tenth year one year's additional rent by way of 
"gresBome." The parish church is well described. Mr. 
Dawsc>n thinks there was no church here in Saxon timet. 
because in the Domesday survey there Is no mention of 
one. We have seen no evidence on tbe point, hut tbe 
omission of msntion of a church in Domesday Book i* 
by no means a proof that one was not in existence when 
the eurvey was compiled. Somewhere between* twenty- 
five and thirty years ago this church underwent what is 
called restoration. Slany interesting and iraportanfe 
objects were sxcrificed at that time. Of this Mr. Dawson 
tells us eoucwhat, but he ntiglit have given us fuller 
details. He does inform us of tbe removal of a most 
interebting screen, which it seems was for a long time 
preserved by a townsman : whrre it is now he does not 
say. In one particular Mr. Dawson'v book is of great 
interett. He gives very careful accounts of the various 
Nonconformist bodies existing in Skipton. with lists of 
the miniBters. We have met with very few mistake*; 
but there arc two which deserve notice. The insurrec- 
tion of 174ij was not, as Mr. Dawson tells us, "an attempt 
to place a Stuart, Charles Edward, known for dUtinction 
as the Young Pretender, upon the throne." His father 
was then alive, and bad the .Taciibitea been successful 
Charles Edward would not barv tuccoedod until the death 
of the person whom they called Jainvs III. On paffe *i5& 
there ismentionofa person wlio wa» " Sanscrit ' Herald. 
This iB, of course, a misprint. Wo never reiOL«n.VftX 
coming upoo a more grotest^uc one. 






[»>' a. VII. vtM. IT, 

C S'infuti hy C. Authon, Edited by Henry J. Xicoll. 

(Edinburxli. BlKCitiven vV Wallace.) 
Tirrs little volume, rrhich » prottUy bcnml and printed, 
Buffflfs from the pcrvorsity of iU plan. To g:iTO but nna 
flannel from each writer may dbow impartiality, but it l» 
«(]u&lizinf; tbe great find umaTI with a vengeance ; and 
loveri of the form will probably b« inoiiaed to with 
tbat an <td e'iptanff%im title bad not Mdnoed Mr Niooll 
into dispenHing Wordawortb and Whitehead in equul 
doasi. It is of lefls importance, perbapii, that we do not 
think bo hna alwaya been hiippy in ootectinK tbe bi^t 
efforts of flomo of the crroater n>?n, m this is more de- 
batable matter; but "Giotto's Tower" is certainly not 
the flnoat of L'tnpfcttow s sonncta, nor la " Mary's Girl- 
hood " the finest of Konetti's. And it is to be reicrotted 
that tbe mystic number to wlucb tbe editor hiui restricted 
himMlf baa bad the effect of exclading 3[r«. Mc-ynell. 
Mr. Maedonald, Mr. Lanp, Mr. Aubrry de Vcre, Lord 
Hanmer, and Alenrs. P. and K. Myert.' Which of the 
favoured band whom Mr. Nicoll bat honoured with his 
critical approval should make way for these Utter we 
are not called upon to say ; but if ho is ri^bt in euppoiinc 
that the limit of number is reached in one hundred, 
intending sonneteers liad better for the future turn th«ir 
attention to the pantouro of tbe Malays or study new 
forma of the Javaneu at the Aquarium. 

A mhian Son'tijf in tht Middlr. A^<t. By Kdward William 
Lane, Edited by Stanley Lane-Poole. (Chatto tt 
Isi this volume Mr. Stanley Lane-Foole has collected 
those of the notes to L&ae't Arahian ^'ightt which best 
bcf r «!pnnittDn from the text, and which, be justly says, 
"often reached tbe proportions of elaborate esuys on 
the main cbaracteriitics of Mohammedan life." Few 
readers have any idea of the immonee amount of autho- 
ritative inforniution and actual personal experience 
which lies hidden in the small type of the edition of 
38M': and to have this arranjiod consequently, and con- 
fined in the moderate dimonsioni of one neatly printed 
nnd fully indexed volume is a boon for which Mr. liane- 
Poole deMrves our gratitude. Tbe book, wo note, is 
dedicated to the memory of another ^ro&t Orientalist, 
tKe late Prof. £. H. Palmer. 

ZortKaoU ami Bridal- Bai\dM: Pontu tind Rkvmu of 
Wooiiiti atul Wtildinp nwl Fa/rftfi'iu Vtrtet. Selected 
and Arranited by Fretferiok Lonshridge. (Tuck k 8ons.) 
Wb mait confeu that we have no special kindness for 
this ipecift4 of literature, which seems to be the modem 
manifestation of the " Annual " of our erandmothera. 
Mr. Lanf;brid^ moat therefore accept it as&compUment 
tbat we cannot deny to his volume the praise of being 
extremely pretty. Meesrsi Tuck'e Chriitmae and Valen- 
tine cards, many of which bear the honoured namee of 
Leslie, Yeamaa, Haroiu Stone, and lo forth, form very 
appropriate nsbellishmeots, and the tolection has the 
merit of conAiderable range and variety. Mr. Lanj;- 
brid^fo hM also been able to secure, among otlier;>. original 
poems from Miss Christina Rosoetd, Mr. Theodore 
Wattt. and the too long silcDt author of TV ^SotTDSPf^ 

JUm< Wtll-knoypT. " Suffar'd Gannett ** hv TViUiom Skah- 

ffitart. Re-euKar'd with Ornamental Borden. Do- 

ii)tned br Edwin J. Etirs and Etched by Tristram J 

Klli*. (Field ft Tuer.) 

Tnr MpMrs. Ellis douhtleM plen*fd thewMlvea !n the 

conferiion of this book, and some of the liesij^is nf 

4tmt)rmi which Aurround tbe ten selected sonnetn are 

pretty and graceful ; but having said this all is said. 

Wby ilipy Rre there, orwhy the " putters forth *' lo ch'>"e 

16 reriilvr their motto. " Put a spirit of youth into overy- 

would be difficoll lo dUoover; or why^ having 

done so, they bound their volume ufter the fashion of an 
seithctic exurcice-book. In short, the whole terms to xu 
to bp but another example of tho fantastic trifling into 
wbicli even clever people fall when they seek at sJI 
hazards tor novelty. 

The Lav Moffozine and Rtrifw for F«?braary contains 
much mutter of general interest. Sir Travors Twii*, in 
bis scheme forsecurirtg tbe freedom nfthe ria^i _- 
the tinez C«noI, anticipates sercral oftbr pMpi ■• 

on behalf of our Gorernmunt Mr. J. Lowry >. „ 

uwnrds high praise to tbe able and upright itatcemanship 
of the late Sir Joseph Napier, while Mr. Cannichael 
gives the only full account ^tbicli has yet nppt^nred of the 
acadeniiral and legal career of his Into colleague, Mr. 
Trtitvell-LancmcaU. Our Kencalogicil rcadtra should 
study Mr. Alexander Robertson's article on the British 
Peera:;p. in tlie course of which he offers some valuatde 
suggestions for a rcconst roc Lion of the existtxg tribunal 
for ifae adjudication of Scottish peerage claims. 

WiTB the F'^broary number of the Lav Alagaxint and 
Jievifv Mr. W. P. Everaley, H.C.L., succeeds Prwf. 
Taswcll-Iiangmead ai edilor, while Mr. C. H. E. Csr- 
mirhacl, M.A., retoios the position as foreign ftdiior 
which he has hold since 1875. 

Wk are glad to note the formation of a North Hiding 
of Yorkshire Record Society, underthe presidency of the 
Eiirl of Zetland, and comprisiofr on iU Council repre- 
sentative names such as those of Hon. J. C. Duridav. M.P., 
Mr. Scropc, of Danby, and our correspondent .Mr. J. H. 
Chapman, of Lincoln's Inn. The field covcrud t>y the 
pro»pcctuf is both wide and interesting, and the volumes 
to be issued will be under the most competent editorship 
of tbe Rev, J. C. Atkinson, in lt*elf a guarantee for tlio 
high standard nhicb wo expect them to reach. 

OcsTAVB Don^.— Mb. BuitcnARD JERnoi.r», Reform 
Club, writes:— "I should bo much obliged if ynii wouM 
let your readers know tbat I should be grratly farourcd 
by any notes or letters, sketches or criticisms, they may 
have on my late friend, whose biography I have und«f^ 
taken to write." 

Mkssxs. W1L.S011 k McConvtcji, of Glasgow, ara «1 
to isiuo a Dritish edition uf Walt Whilm'^n's Sjnei 
Jjatfg and ColU^ Tbe volume will contain 
of tbe poec 

fot(retf to Carrrtfpoiittrnll 

Tr« wiKit call tpteial aUtniionlo (hi foitovtHp noli 

On all communications miut be written the name 

addrsM of the sender, not necessarily for publtcatioo, but 
as a guarantee of good faith. 

We cannot undertake to answer queriee privately. 

W. N. (" There, tco, was she, tho beautiful." &0.I 
She was E'iza Ann Linley, tho boauliful and acL 
pushed singer, commonly known by tbe nnmc n( "j 
Saint." She married Rit-hnrd HrinsJev S^ 
portrait was painted in ITTi" bv Sir J"- 

who rrpreovnted her as 8t Cciitlia. Tbe , . 

the poftseKsion of the Marquis of Lansdowne, at bowoo£ 

C. E. H.— Next week. 

sort OK. 

Editorial Commttnlcat}r%TT« shouM ht' iddrettfd to"! 

Editor of ' Notes and nte 

IlofineM fatten to *'T; ifiM, 

Wellinjrton Street. Strou: : . 

We beg leave to itatfl llmt wc drctins to roliim 
xnuaicfttions which, for any reason, we do not priot ; 
to this rule wo can make no tieepCioci. 

«*8,vii;Fn.i7,'83.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Every SATURDAY^ of any BoohelUr or Nem-agmt, 

£&ch Half-yearly Volume complete in itaelf, with Title-Page and Index. 







REVIEWS of every Important New Book, English and Foreign, and of 

every new English NoveL 

AUTHENTIC ACCOUNTS of Sdentiflc Voyages and Expeditions. 
CRITICISMS on Art, Music, and the Drama. 
I LETTERS from Foreign Correspondents on subjects relating to Literature, 

I S<nenoe, and Art. 

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES of Distinguished Men. 
WEEKLT GOSSIP on literature, Science, the Une Arts, Music, and 



Is BO conducted that the reader, however distant, is in respect to Literature, Science, the 
Fine Arts, Music, and the Drama, on an equality in point of information with the best 
informed circles of the Metropolis, 

OFFICE for ADVERTISEMENTS, 20, WeUington Street, Strand, London, W.C. 

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Hir JAMh> PITZJAHES BTEl'HKN, K.C.9.1. U.CL.. ft Jmlge oi tli« IUffb Catat Dl Juilicc. Uutcni Uench Dlvbioti. 
3 roll. Uvo. 4U/. , 

" Thii li the flnt time, we beUev<>, tlmueli It ii itrnnire to bava to ttjr it. lliit the liUtory of any irreat br&nch of EnfflUb law, 
with the eiception of purely CH'tiitlniiloruil law, whicli betonjci u tUDCh Lo hiai'irlant u lo lawmen, hoa t>e«ii thorouBhl; worked 
Duti and till ta*k Iiaa been n fonuidiibla one. Tor almoit everjtbing luiiJ Ui be iIujlis Iioiu Uie be^Lnuing."— TinKi. 


ntCTAHr.K 4IFFKNrR«. Hy flir JAM^:S FITZJAMIN STFl'IlEN. IvCSJ-^ a Judge of tliti High Cuuil of Jurtfcc. 
Uuecii'fl UttDcli UlvijlGh. ttod Ut^dll^iiT SrBrUt^N. LI.M, Uvo. Hm. lid. 


BOY LIFE: its Trial, its Strength, its Fulness. Sundays in 

WellioKlin roUene* IB4fl-ie:i. TTire* Rood*. By E, W. ItKNSON, I>.I>.. foroierly Hniter of Waltingion ColUn. Areb- 
blkbop Elect of CoDterbLiry. New EdULon, with AddKfonf. Crowa Hvo. tU. 


and othfr ( oclrit-ulJoii* ro ibf HUI'in' cf PnUiu By^■^^U)^ 
<U1K->T. I.I. II. Vx'.h rK.s..ut« Master nr ciuuvlllt uid i'liui 
UoUcce. Camtirlilfo- With MmptudSUtl ('Ut«. ITwliSvxUi. 

ITow ready kt all tb« Llbrarlef. 


ELAOK.Auihcrr -^"A PiluotH of Ibule.*"' Uadcap Violit.' Jul 
I vola. crovu ATo. II 1. aL 

Bj the SAM£ AUTHOR, crovo iro «i. «aeh. 


of a rnAGTON. 
Tbe HAIlr &f KILLEK^A, ud 

other Tatci. 




Th« BEAUTirrL WHRTril ; 

Tl.« PifUlt MAOMrHULS; 

Tht PDPlLof AtJKKLItJil. 


ONLY a WORD. By Dr. Georg Ebers, 

A athar of " Tli« EgyplUn Pritirna,' "The Rurgninutcr'i Wife," 
Aa. I'raoalattd by CLARA BtLii. Civnosvo. w. ftrf 

[A'caf widk 
14tb ThouieniJ. I'orular EdlU»D, exo-wn fra. t*. 

JOHN INGLESANT: a Romance. By 

.r. U. .'4Iluli1Uijll.SE. I'ppuUr Edilioo. Cr^wii8*ti, <w. 

The ENGLISH CITIZEN : a Series of 

Bb^t Rwuki vu bii Hlxble ani Rnpuiulbilltlw. New Voluise. 


HyT. U. FARREK. trwWD «*. w.W. 

BABRIU3. With Introductory Dis- 

■truttiiiu, ( ntial Nolct, CommrnUrr. and Lexicun. By W. O. 
KUTIIfcKPuRI). U.A .B«lltolC»llt«r. Oif.rd. AmUUdI UMt«r 
Id Bt. I'ftul'i iKbotil, Autbor ot " Tb« New Ilir7bicbiu," Aa BTo. 
IS', to. 

HOMER. -The ILIAD. Translated 

n'-j yii«i)»)) Vr-itby ANPttEW LAN'*, M.A..WAUTBR LBAF. 
Jl.i..aJltl£iL.M£iiT MXER% U.K. iio«Q Org. ISl ed. 

TWEXnETH AHKCAt. PirrL!O\Tr0N (Rertwd eftcr Offlclal 

KclurDi) uT tbe 


t I'JDal u4 Htetgrle%] Aonaai of the huim of tbe rivtJUtd World. 
ror tbe Yew i99k Vnwu ere prlos lOi. •<£. [faMioUatd^ 

"A* lDdliT«aeabl« ae BradiHaw.'— TinM*. 

"No lUteiniu):. ii)emli<r nf I'ArUKtitcifiC, or publif-at un ftff't>ril t« 
dlipmaa «i[li It; ftod (o all i>rlvat« p*noDi who dratr* tj hav* mi 
tut«iliK«iil Dutli'iti 'if t^i« (!)fr<r«ut uatioui wf tbt t«rtb It will b« au 
admitabte t'aiil.'^—l)a^^^^ Ami 


VtMtem-'rcl P«bt hitler leal ADetotnjr tti [be UDlvcnutr of TUbtnnn. 
TnD>lat«d aod Ldited br [)U.\Ai.l) Mac* LltTEK. M.A. tl.R 
M.H,t' P., feL^JW aorl MrJical I.polurec of f*t. Jolmi* Ctf li«e, 
('■.mhrM^fl. Witb inuitirsti»os. »to. I'trt 1. u^HEK^t* 


NElVrOMB. L1..1J F.R.^. l-r^fc^wr IQ the I'.S. NaTaU»h»tr»e- 
tory. With lis ELfnTitigf ftud Uepe of tbe CUti. ercuod Edi* 
tloQ. Revlted. Svo. 1m. 

DOMESTIC BOTANY: an Exposition 

t>r th« {Structure ftQ'l t.'U«tllli?(liiin <*f ri&ut*. and th*lr Uaeehf 
Foud, Clothlmi, Mcdiaiif. aDl Mftimr*cturiDit ['arpoMO- Kt 
JUHN HUinl.A. I..S. EK-PuraUin-f tlic Koral Uotanle Qartaw, 
Kcv. Wliti lliuxtnlioiu. Crjwa njj l;i. «cl 

MAR fur f.CHw(tI.*». By (1. E. I'ASNAi.HT. EaMwr of •• Mm- 

tuillftu'a i^rirfl of PiirclKtt I'lkMie*." Author of " Mumiillui'i Prj- 
If eulre Pnuch itud UertiiAii Cunrar," &^. Crowo Sru. 3a. •<!. 

ENGLISH POETS. Selections, with 

rritirtl Introduct'oui Lj tenwui WhUn, idJ e f^entnl lotjrt- 
d40ti«u t.j JIATTIIKH AKS.M.h. Edlttd by T. H. WAKli* 
M.A. 1 vale. crjWD bra 7«. Od. r*ah. 

Vtft. I. 

VoL U 



VoL Itl. AllDISON to BTiAKC. 
Vol. IV'. WOWDtWURTlI i» 


.Ml'8rclAN8 r* u lUMBBll. By Emiofot Writers, EtuMeb att<1 
Forttvo. with llltutraUaaeaDd Woodcau. Edited by nE<'NriE 
nRUVK.T1.aL 4vula Perta 1. to X(V. cm>> :i« M ; Psrta \V. 
audXVL7<. VoU.1. aodll. AtuPtalQ Bone. »fa each »«. 

MACMILLAN k CO. Bodford Street, London, W.C. 

PriBted by JOHN a FRANOIS. Atheoaun Prf«, Took'i Coari, CbaoMff Lade, r..V.; and Pabll«bed bf tbe Hid 
JUBM 0. TRAKOIB. ai Mo. «i. W«Illo<Wb sueet, 4U«ad. W.C.-,!ial«/da». ^U*t»inrl7. IIU. 


3 JEfbium of intercommunication 



" Wlt«a feoadp Bkk« a aol« ef."' — Carais Cottli. 

No. 165. 

Saturday, February 24, 1883. 

PlLiri foVKTEMCm. 



PullrsUn or Price, ftc-. "t twtrr book t^ l/« •.ot iJIrMi U ttw fMr*o« 

by «bon it t» nqulnd, frboM osuc »u<i aildrca »» ftTco fur tbftt 

Vha VUD*«of the ?t»b4lltr. GMitrr. KodolticravtiaoDntrtliulad t<] tha 
IHflfOM of tttli Lnvalry at ibt Tub* of the Bp«auli Inruloa In 

Tb« NkniM uf the Jnit[«M of PtsM la Epflind »•! V%\t» %» Lhcf 
■Iknd lu CDiaminlm la Ihcli tBTCiftl OguaUntbl* ttlcbaclBM* 
Tcm*. ia& "to iM". 

A Ptrbct l*t*t of Bll •neti PtTMDi u.. .uv aov ooaflnneil to ba 
OoMoa RAlBlonin, JortlSM or itj9r m4 T«nalDer. JurtNM* of Um 
PuotftDdQutinuD.udiiuUoMoriba cmm ..tro. ino, 

A Oklitlrw'ii; ol f>« Nftorsof All llia ICftjcatj)^ JuittMt ofUtC r«W« to 


irs<<f«ll lIiB llftjMtt*iJiiittMt<irU)cri 

I <,tlM....('i>llu. IBM. 

ftn <iffie«n la OoamlHlon In 

) < ij 4U>. l»l. 

A SvL.... u ... 1...; ..' .... . i.^^^:» la Ui« flctt rcoulnln« la Cutody 
Edmard Pm^oek, Bott«tbrd Maofir, Briiic 

MR L. HERRMAN*8 Fine-Art Gallery, 60. 
(Ireat ltuM.1) .tIrMi. oppoolU nr.iJah Mu*tan). lomtrlj 
■•t»Ulkb»4»],0rMinaM«U Ktiret AC.%i\rTjit Flti« Work* -^r Art. 
•Kbcaotac Pietum of Itia Ilk^lko. Ucrmfto, I'ut'^h. ftn.l b'reneb 
Atbool*. slvmrt oa VUw. bO-I alaa m&ar iQt«reitmic ci^rapir* br 
J B oa w a Brititb ArlMa- iicDtl«M.«ti doairio^ tb«ir ■'olUctlon «( 
FMuna Cloaaod. Beitored. Haiiovd. m FntntEd, will And thi. 
HteblMuBnt oArtBC work artwinrd fnr lU dun^tHtr u>d trtutfo 
gwlltr- Piturt rM«or*|ion itud eUaAlo* it Imt^l wXh tha t>i« 
roddBrBt ftDd Ih. htvhnt aklll: oti palnUnn and drawlaca f'-anad 
afWr th* movt hMultfol mii4*-a ul luiUn. Ptaiuih. kud Eogliah 
■•rtvd vork. CaUtluKna arruiiod 004 CoUMttnaa t»1o«J. 

OATALOQCr. Ka VtiLl^^tr luUnallDct. M pp . poft ftw.- 
OBOIUIK P Uaftiiv*r>trMirKdlDbtu«h. 


OORS (Second • H«ttd, M'tKelbuieous), RE- 

MAlK9n8.Ac.-0. HBRBERT. Eutiab aod roralgii Book- 
.•P.OoiwiU Rfvad. IfODdon. KC. CATAlAiOUE fna 00 troatpt 
Libmrta*. uU B«olu. and Parcbmcnl Puicbaacd. 



Sold bt alx. Statioxkhs. 


niut Itlnoir Scnioaa. 
*3itm t'MMrt flftTiets. 
OUaa Tabic CiMoralluQd. 
aiaM Table Lampc 
OfaM Wall LiihU. 
•liM ua Vatai CbtDdtllan. 

Btnalngtiaca ; MaaattaloT7, Broftd KitmI. 

haitdtu: ShowBoonu. uo. OBford Sittct, v. 
•ta & No. 16S. 

CblM. liMaart 8«rTlan. 
Cblaa DUiDflr MmMt. 
Cbtu BraakfkM f4nla«. 
CHljk* Trt SarTMw. 
Cbiaa Vaam. 
Cbia> OniaiBMrta. 


!»i-i>TL4xrj Vol V. •.D. left-ian. FdiM 1^ datii< 

MAMRON, LI. IV, ProTrvtnt of Kbctoria and PaaUah Ltt«r»i.<rv in 
tha t;Di«*r«ltr o' Kdtnbunh. aod PaMlahrd br Aalbodt/oftha t.utda 
OjiDioiailitoanur H.U. rreaaarj , mndar the DlrooUuD of tbe b«»iUr 
Clerk R4«lotar at HeoiUnA 

Kdlnbttrfb : A. A C. BLAPK. POITOLAI * rnDLtS. 

LondoB : l.oflna»b> * 'o . Tr(i>«4r * Oo. OiltaH : Piarfear B Ofc 

Camliriilia: MumlUaii A Co. DnfaUa:: A.ThMaBOSk 


.NOTICB.-X0V iMdr. P*toa atxpfMa. 


UDdon: £rrihUUAM WILSON. R071I 



RaalUw*! AaM'a (l«t) ... tajtUjnA 

LU*Aimrwt4«abd Abfttiitr Fuadi .... tMtJH 

AaaoKl iDOoma BHtdM 

Uoilrnu Kat>« nf Praralam. Mbanl RaUa of Aanaltiaa. Lmm 
Grautod upon Kooorltr or Preahold. CuOfbold. and l.«aa«liold Pro- 
r*"7- L''^ InUrwto aad Rararaiooa. alao lo Corporata aud otber 
t'uliUc Bvdlsa np«a HworltT of lUlca. Ac- 
P. ALLAM CUIITI!*. AiUaary and .loet^lary. 


ONE.FOURTH of thn«e nffering from blindneo 
nr dImDoa of light mn tnm tbtlr n*am|p lo tha utoT oeamo* 
tpaolMlM or Itna^a imparfoMly ada^Md to lb. CUbt. Mr. llBNflV 
I.ADHANt'E, P.-^.S, ifcubat ••^nau. fEHS iSAiA.W a-UoU hia 
Imprared HcMtaclca at hi« rraiilane*. X. Eodalciah il^rJ-u., Kaitoa 
Xqiura, l>anduQ. d<tilr (-telurdara eiorpiali, ten in tiir !tlr JOI.IUtf 
BKNKOlCrwiiuar-" 1 bav» t'Ud tb« priuelfral apUcUn. m I.M»4na 
with 'at ■uo'Taa. but fonnpeotaatca lult «• ailmlrablt T)i. olMmeoa 
of jour flutra, as c 'reptred viih otr>en, !■ r.aUr turpri.lar." Dr. 
Uird. i.'ri(iui*f.>rd. tat- burrxiuMaj^r W.tMl , wrtt« — " I oooM sol 
ba*c l>«Ii«?«d h piiiatbia ibat tny lUht ffouM bava b««n ao niDnb Im- 
provad aod r«luvad at mr aaa li. 1 g >d dow raad tb« tOMlloM pnnt, 
lUtafrom Jubo 

altboii<bfl«ir«nuf rroH akt4raet act iba rltbltra" HiHUarwtino- 
nUlafrom JuboUwa. eaq.M.[>. L J. P. I.rao. Ph'«lol«& lo H.R.H. 
invPriDaeuf vsalai; Voo- Arahdra^uin Palmar. CUfbJo: LI«iiL-0«n. 

MaamulLD, nrtatwood; lb* R.V. Uothar Abb«M, RL Uary'i Abbaj, 
Itindiot i aQ'l bandroda or utbert. Mr Laaraaoa'a Pampblat, " Spce- 
taclaa, their Vw» aod Abua.." poat fraa QauUati-Mr Lauraaca'a 
loipnivcd Hpmiaotaa c*u Mil/b* itbtalDrd dttaot firwahlUkt bk nal* 
dcuoc, 8. Eadalaltb tfwdna, Kutoo flajuara. 

I'RIZi; MKI>Al.. &YDNBV, 18/9, " FUIST AWARD." 





(Oppoalta tba DHtlib Muanimi, 

▼lU be |lal to ftrVfttd a PanpbUt. frtc bj pMl, tolbflftiwr 




Tliff PROnr^ paid Id Ca>h by lh» SCX LTFE OPFICR art 
Bicvptlonalljr liinre. lariiAMlng tlmM hlth«rto clveii, and for 
vUoli tlM 8odet]r hiu bovn to Jufll}' DOtod, ud avengiac 

173per cettl. ofili* Afinoal Pr«nilara imore tlun 

1^ rramiuou), now pajabla in CAtb ; 


Wi per Mtii. ofOi* JtODual Premfam (mora tbao 

91 PrtitnlutDi) nddixl to tha aum auured. 

BacmpllStd mora Tulljr, at Ilia avflraf* a|« 3S, by tka follov- 
iniUble: — 












£. *. J. 

t. 1. d. 

£. «. d. 



il B 1 

H7 IB I 

22 ID 9 


46 14 f> 

U\ 17 1 

n s a 



46 ):t 7 

S4 4 4 

ID ll» » 


4A U 11 

70 13 U 

l(i 7 3 


£M S « 

ffi s lb 

«3 B B 

11 fl A 

7i a 3 

101 10 6 

3 19 » 

£309 8 fl 

£AU 14 7 I futuni profltt. 

Aaauming ritlnra prollta arc aa larifa (wblob may b« cnn- 
MwtWy eAiMctcd, owing to ibo Ini^rcaaloit buaintu and larya 
mtrvei or the Coapauy), New VntraiiU mat 4nitctpatc tliat, 
on a Policy for l.ouor, th« Hnntis will, after 30 ytars, atnouni 
to Mit.: ths ruih fwilh 4 per c«nt. Intaruti 8«)iial Mil.: ur 
yltld a cautloual reduction u( the Ffemluin amountlDg to 
Sii. 14f. 

Acn othar than 35 in proportion to tha Prvmlumi charged. 

N.D.— Bonn* OpIlAni at thr}\ DivUion. No Parlnerahlp 
Liability. Modaro rructicc. tjimplo Propoaal rornu. 
diala etttlcmantj^ 


IBKBECK BANK. EiUbliahad 1851. 

Southunplon BoHd'tvi. f^kaonr Iianr. 
C^nrtat AfBOVnta opened aaiorttma to th« luanl r>^(!Hcc nf "tlirr 
and Intarcit allowadwhra nut dnwu Mluw £-'.. ri<« l)iiuk 

d^'saad. Tbt Dank an4Mtftk«« th« eoaiwlr nf l^tcdt ^Vritiuri, intarcic aiiowaawnra nut unwu r«iuw t-!'. ii-t iiiiuK 
akareantd Mvaavoa DepMitar. TiirM ^r O ut. 'uic tnt, '«p*rahie 
and^'saad. Tbt Dank an4trtftk«« th« eoaiwlr nf l^tcdt ^Vrltiuri, 
and albvr Atraritln mnd Vklukblu; the uuIlMtiuu uf tlillt uf C«- 
abtai*. DiTldtodf, ftod •JouA'iBi ; ui<l ib» purohMt and atls of Atookl 
tAdBbam. X>«tt«ri ifrCrBdit and ClrmlEr K-.t«« iMa^l. 

fKANCIS ilAVKNtlOHun', Mantfltt. 


Bold by all Jlealtffa ihromtttoat lb* World. 

Tbe PobUt art larltad l« tntd in ROBINSOrT k CLEAVER. Bcl- 
fMt ^tr niDplta and full noge of luloe lltti rpggt flrvtlof tbelrall 
'art in«x 

Chili1r«ii^..9 iptrdoa.) HnuTi-rmn, 

idin' . 11 ,. LmUm' tIpMdOfl. 

i)rcii«Tn«ii'*i It „ I Otnt1tam'«B 4 

world wilt flint*. — ^-•'•t 

Jy apptlntaflQt to tbt Qwta and 11 a II fk 1/ r P U t C C C 
OMVB PrlntM or Oannanr- nHnU^tnUniCrO. 





Tb( ortcinai, Pnt, and moti Liberal. 

lUualnM Prtte-i 

1 1 mt fflf ta. 

1 rticolan of TflRnt, poai firta 
• Orart Boftd ; and i«, a^ and 


MA C M I L L A N'S M A O A Z 1 N K, 
Vo.«l.fDrMA£CU. Ffloe li. 
ty/HUmts of tS4 JVwmftitr. 
Tbe WIKARD'8 SON. Bj Ur& OlIpbaiiL Cbapnil-U. 
ADDlNOTOIf. By lUv. W. Bcnham 

R<T. Prefkatr Cbareh. 
Tbc HUMOROUS IB LITERATURE. Br J- Honrr abartbnua^ij 

rRKinUTOJf'rt HISTORY of tht PAPACY. By Tboa. Ilodvl 

Tb« VULGAR TOKOUB Bjr Oodfrvr Turner. 


Halt. R.e. 
USOEft the BXOW. Br Un. Maoqaold. 




The Voliune JULY to DECEMBER, 1882,] 

With tbe Index. 

Frioe I Of. 6 J., U now rendy. 

Casm for Biudiog, price 1«. Zd. post free. 

John C. Fuakois, 20, Wetlin^n Street, Strand^ 
LottdoB, W.C. 

Duv^ SaU. 

tioauo t}<«t Ibey will «.)mmMicitb«SALBof tbvKIFTIZl 
I.;^flT PO'>TI>)IK orili»'%UMll::KI.AND LIBRARY tt (b«lr tlf 
47.\rg.W.i.-.,oii&ATaRliAY.Harehl0.aadTfn r< 

Jutf !■•)■ ittaD<J*«» •xcrpi'rl). at Wn BlODlai Mwl t o'otodt 
c^ib daf 111' C«t«lwup <uc!u iM a luy* aanprr of 


eipnt. auil 'tltiar <«riT aa<1 ran Kdliiooi of ttretk au 1 
^B.K'lts prtutcd uvoa Voiiuui— rar* Jtnalbb aad foi 
Uttnr to «tnFr1u - a flaa Acrlct or ttiilecatfa Otntury 
lh« N*« T*aUin* t — r«r« mat Tl*Tlt I'nutcd Botika ' 
^muilib, ronagim*. tn>1 Ita lui— importaot Eaffllih 
worka— Book* wlUi fto* Uindl&ti, and Artu of foraat OW 

CatalMniti au bi bad to appll<aUM at tba OO^tf 
tioartn, yriot U. ; by pott, St. M. 


dtr, produoliMCf ^7 ilmpli!. tlow erKparatim 
balmy, rofrtthlnt, and hcallfaj roi«u«tiaiia 
pint awt totalrptui forttu. Tbt matt 
and acrwkbl* dlMofcetant. 

Prlot u ; bjr pott for lA itampa 
m, fltnuid : 13), Racfot Atrt»t ; and s*, 0«ri 


OLLOWAVS; Pri I-^ -T. 


>f iU 

» at thr 


llvlDH. lio«bOl«>iii,ia .nrr uu Mh^K, iff fUt-'f ' 

wai to riptl ^1 ■ui')! ItncuntM* (t lo tat. 

htTF Ibe [ralTBr at eUoualuc UM biMdfrOii' 

at th* Mine llmr lef.i.'Ttm «ur iTi'^HikJ rhi- 

m*r t>«»e »!'■ 

bumaon •III < 


-TOUSC or ulJ. I n>iu. v> ud.'.ai.c- 

e>»8.VII. P«s.2I.WJ.l 





CO NTENTS. — N- 165. 
VOTES:— Etrl7 BecollectioDs of WMtnaloater Hftll and tbe 
Lkv CburU, Hl-CbATlaB VH., Ktog of Fruioe, 143-Tyii- 
tlilaa TrADttlAtloD of Uio BcK>k of GcdmU. 144— Tlis Den« 
BoImIo Keot. I4fi— The Completo Officer of llic i'harch — 
Folk-lore of Klowen— DormouM— Eul^ Dftt«d Ex-Ubrls, 

4)UERIES:—CQrioni School-Book— Pnrn Rngi— Prof. S«I- 
wtd'i Vend— Bath Rol— Tbe Hood, * Uune, 147— Anni of 
Covwnor Walkar — Cli«be» ACaaor— BDr|;h and Biirsi«o— 
MAaplfyrnuBi — Ever-, 148— Chorcb Heraldry — Ormiby. 
Btngham, and Vuiey FamUle«--Ultldle Eichanje— G. Cleere 
—J. Winter— Book AocUont— Relic of St. John BaptUt at 
tJxford — Joan, Couotesiof March— renloii of WmtmnTalaDii 
—HeoiT Pole, Lord Uontagnc, 110— "Canimlng Mobr"— 
AUabMoUii— BulvUa Llbrarr— Aolhon Wanted, UO. 

filPUBS :— " Pall-MaU/ 150-Fe»llTal of the Pope'e Chair. 
Ifil— IlaigB of Bemenyde, ]»£— Butbven Pceraffo, US— 
Abbc«Tlat)ons — Heraldic Vane*. 154 — KelUo Ttwtsaj— 
Baity : RapM^Rei-tattrad Meo— Parody by O'Coonsll, 
1&&— Ilia — Kemaikable Heqnest — B»lIyragglDj. IM-Old 
PrasalAn LatifEvage— Bort — "Ad FrevJiDess'i AdTenlaret" 
— Korah— Waiblng Machlcet, 167 — The CBrfew — "Tbe 
Bulletfly'i Bali"- Authon Wanted, 15!!. 

3N'OTK3 OX B()OKa :— WUberforce'i " Life of Blibop Wilbar- 
/orce "— BiltoD'i '• Chronofraine'*- WhltwortVi "CbarcU- 
inan'i Almaoio for Elgbt Ceotarlfla "—Sawyer's "Captain 
Mcholaa TettanaU," Ac. 

KoUces to ComffpondflDli. 



At the RU(rge8tton of a friend I hare been 
induced to jot down roughly tbe followintj re- 
collections of the interior of Westminster Hull as 
it pre.ieoted itself to my eyes in tbe early part of 
the present century ; al40 of the old Law CuiirtR 
lit A^estniioater, now so rapidly disappear! Bfj; from 
«igbt, aud so soon to be forj^otten. 

Inl818 the Courts of King's Benchatid Chancery 
were held in n "cancellated" wooden erection 
nt the south end of the interior of tbe Hull of 
Kichard IL, which occupied tbe whole width and 
about one-half tbe depth of tbe sixth bay from 
liultreitfl to buttress, and then the last bay. Thin 
fact is noted because Sir Charles Barry lengthened 
the bull another bay sonthwarda to make a grand 
entrance hall to St. Stephen's Chapel.* Thede 
■truotiires rose to, about the springing line of the 
ffreiit window, and consisted of two large coarta, 
baviog raised floors, with a central and wide 
accent of steps to these floors right and left, and 

* I picked up Bome yean aga an excellent early aqtia- 
tinta engrarioft of the interinr of WeHniinster iintl. and 
Imve inserted it next the ticw of the lonth fide of New 
Palaca Yard in my copy of Smith's WtHmxntttr, p. 30. 

a higher itsceot southward through a doorway 
under the great window, to connect the Hull with 
the rooms of the Houaes of Lords and Commons. 
For addiciontil access to these two courts there 
were two passages next the walla, one of which — 
that nn the north side — was aUo a way out into 
Old Palace Yard. 

The building presented a pseudo-Gothic front, 
answering to what is now called "the Batty 
Liingley style," 17<X), and had two semi-octagon 
fruotx, etiuh with three windows and two stnriea, 
and in tbe middle between them an arcbed door- 
way. Taken altogether, it was by no means bad 
of its kind. I well remember its demolition, 
and myself helped to remove the massive flight 
of steps which remained in stfu till the prepara- 
tions began for iiiting the Hall for the banquet 
aud ceremonies of King George IV.'s coronation. 

The Lord Chancellor's Equity Court and the 
Courts of Exchequer and Common Pleas and 
Rolls were on tbe western side of the Hall, and 
were opproached from the iDsido of the Hall by 
two or three ancient openings. Tbe Hall was 
surrounded on three sides by buildings attached 
thereto.* Against the east wall were the Speaker'a 
residence and a long range of rooms — offices of 
the tellers aud auditors of the Excheqiier — and 
the whole south side of New Paluce Yard coq^ 
sinted of low Elizabethan and later buildings^ 
which were taverns and official dwellings. AC 
tbe western end of these latter remained a Urge 
ronni, called Queen Elizabeth's Chamber, which, 
if I rightly remember, had become the Exchequer 
Coffee House ; it was removed in about 1822 to 
rbe western end of the terrace of New Pakce 
Yard, and there became (Mrs. Fendall's) New 
Exchequer Coffee House. 

Beyond Queen EliztihetVs Chamber southward, 
and on the east side of St. Margaret Street, there 
had probably been erected about 1780t by Sir 
WilliuTu Chambers, tbe architect of the Board 
of Works, who also designed Somenet Houae, % 
handsome front of official buildings, the King's 
Bench Record Office, which presented a western 
fumade of three bays of five windows each ; and 
at the extreme southern end waa a square corner 
tower with western and southern windows, from 
which there was a fliok building of the same 
Italian architecture, having five windows and 
reaching to tbo ancient front of tho Houses of 
Parliament, thus forming tbe eastern side of Old 
PiJace Yard.t The great fire of 1834 led to the 

• See plani of the Palace is Smith's ir«/wiiu(<r, 
pp. 38 and 125. and in Braylev and Brittop, p. 464. 

t Brmyloy a^d Britton'a lV«fnii"»wf<r /'a/a«, p. 401; 
Smith*! foandation plan, 1807, p. 125. 

t Tbo upper room of the cqu«r« tower waa the kftchen 
of Bellamy, tbe hounekeeper and provleor ; committee 
ronina and pauascs occupied the otbar parts of ibia Ouik. 
bait ding. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. c«-s. viLr.»c*,-fS: 


immediate demolition of this square tower and 
the flank building. I lieUeve ihnt there had 
been a reserved intention to make a similar 
square tower at the northern end of this fa^^ide, 
with a flank building between it and the northern 
front of the Hall, so modernizing the Boutb iiide 
of Kew Palace Yard after the remOYftl of the 
Elizabethan biiildinjrs. 

In 1819 and 1820 the north front of West- 
minster Hall was cleared of aome of its menn 
and incongruous attacbmentjif and it undexwent 
a good restorntion by Gayfere, who wrb then 
approacbinK the end of hia restoration of King 
Henry VII.'s ChapeL* Afterwards, under Sir 
Robert Smirke, large repairs of the roof of the 
fiall, the refocing of the internal walla, the forma- 
tion of a new floor^ the removal of the old Courts 
of King's Bench and Chancery, and the reparation 
of the then south window, together with other 
works, inclusive of new windows in the roof, were 
undertaken. For these purposes the Hall waa 
closed during the suspense of the coronation of 
George IV.f At the same time the old buildings 
about Queen Elizabeth's Chamber were removed, 
and the stone building at the south-west corner of 
New Palace Yard waa erected, under the influence, 
it is thought, of Mr. Hnnbury Tracy (Lord Sude- 
ley), M.P-, which ignored the first intention of 
imitating the Iralian style southwardi and made 
it to agree pretty nearly with the Gothic style of 
the Hall front. 

There now appeared on the scene Mr. (afterwards 
Sir John) Soane.X He was required to design 
new law conrta, the area assigned for the purpose 
being from the hack of the Italian buildings of the 
King^a Bench Record Ofliee, on the cast side of St. 
Margaret Street, to the west wall of the Hall, and 
the whole length of that wall, comprising a Eipuce 
whoUy internal, about 240 ft. long, and 60 ft. wide. 
iVIr. Soane commenced operations by making a 
corridor about 9 ft. wide next the wall of the Hall, 
with seven doorways in that wait 

To this corridor he attached, most ingeniously, 
eight courts on the ground -floor, and over 
them others, with vaiious rooms. The hirge but- 
trenca on that stde of the Hull^ of which there 
were six, perhaps seven, sadly obstructed the 
architect. Some of them he seems to hare re- 
tained in bulk, and to have built in as walls, and 
others to have greatly reduced ; but it is hoped 
that the foundations of all are in si£u, and that 
Rome of the tower parts of them are still capable 
of being developed— that, in fact, there may be 
sufficient of them left and on record to warrant an 
entire restoration. The buttresses on the east side 

• Brajley and Britton's Ancient Palact o/ WtstmintUr, 
P. 440. 

t Smith's VTntminster, p. 30, plate of rOith side of 
«ow Palicfl Yard. ISOfi. 

I liraylcj nod Britton, p. 40tf. 

of the Hall were more irregularly placed, bat there 
were yet remains of three, one in the Speaker's 
Courtf and two in the Cloister, all which have 
since disappeared.'"' The destruction of others 
was occaaioned by the palatini and ecclesiastical 
buildings which followed William Rufusi's build- 
ing ; for Sir Robert and Sir Sydney Smirke 
have most convincingly proved that the wuUa 
belong ta that king, having traced the positions 
of all bis great windows and of several smalt 
intermediate ones heBides. The remains of these 
windows have been left undisturbed, though 
necessarily covered with modern casing. t^Theae 
works occupied from 1822 to 1825, 

The difficulty which Sir John Soane had to over- 
comet til reMpect of lifiht, ventilation, and access to 
the courls and their belongings, was a theme of 
remark and of admiration at the conclusion of the 
works. Comparing the small area at his disposal, 
and the ^rent amount of legtil business carried on 
there, with the immense area and bulk of the Royal 
Courts of Justice just completed, every one will 
accord to the architect of the Law Courts of 
Georpe IV, 'a reign the meed of praise so justly 

As already stated, Sir Robert and Sir Sydney 
Smirke have clearly proved that the wftHs of 
William Rnfvia's Hall Blill remain in hoik on 
each side. Like a corresponding building of ths 
same date, erected at Rouen by h'm elder brother, 
Robert, Duke of Normandy, it had pillars to 
uphold the roof ; therefore, masBive buttresses 
with arched flyers were not necessary in either. 
This Palace Hall of Dtike Robert waa in the next 
century replaced by the covered market " Halles,'' 
which yet remain there, in almost the original 
state, with a double row of pillars, Eupportin^ 
a floor, and therefrom the pillars of timber to 
carry the roof ; flying buttresses are, therefore, 

When Richard If. became possessor of the Hall 
of Rufus he desired to secure amplitude as welf 
as freedom from pillars ; and therefore he got 
rid of the ancient pillars and roof of William 
Kufus and whatever else the pillars may have sap- 
ported. He then spanned the wall with the 
beautiful hUmmer-heum truss principals which yet 
remain ; and, foreseeing the thrust thnt would be 
made on the wallsj he devised, in order to realsk 
that thrust, ten massive flying buttresses, seven of 
which still exist, to a great extent, on the southern 
side of the HalL 

If we refer to the beautiful engraving in Bray- 
ley and Britton's work, plate viii. No. 41, the 
existence of both designs becomes manifest. The 
plain and flat Nornian buttress, or rather pihuter^ 

* DrKjley and Britton, plates ii^ ztU., and ix, 
f JhiiL, pi. viii. 
I Ibid., p. U2. 


shown in elevatloa on the wall of the Hall in 
le Speaker*! Court ; aod in the plun of the west 
in pUtc it. No. 1, tbere ore ten such fl&t 
The grand detAched buttrem with its 
rer, which existed before the fire of 183J, is evi- 
iutlj of the tstyle of Ricbnrd Il.'e period, and will 
followed, it is to be hoped, in the restorution 
OD the west side. 

In coDoexioa with the view of King Richard H/s 
bnttress, in Braytey sod Britton'd Ancient Palact 
of Watminaitir, plute ir., we may observe the 
unaltered back of the two honses, which, about 
1T45, were occupied bv ''the Receipt of Ex- 
chequer," and in 1835 by Mr. Rickman and Mr. 
Godwin, Clerks of the Parliament. 

These houses were probably connected with 

" the Star Chamber," the exact position of which 

can DOW be conjectured only. The varioua views, 

of different dates, show how their north front had 

■been gradually modernized, but that the back on 

Biu tioulb hud, up to a late dale, retained not only 

^pe iron ffriHeii to the seven windows {rendered 

^^ce^sary for state purposes when the Star Cbnmber 

^raa in full force), but also traces of small openings, 

arches, a buttress, and a fine arched gateway; of 

L»ll these interesting features the history is probably 

Iftost beyond recovery. 

m In one of the last volumes of Archteologia, Mr. 
O. R.. Corner has contributed four beautiful illumi- 
nated pictures, attributable, he thinks, to the 
fceriod of king Henry VI. They represent quaintly 
Bad vividly the aiaemblies in the four courts of 
Kw, Chancery, King's Bench, Common Pleas, and 
Bxcbequer. Every one .interested in English 
judicial history should see these interesting pic- 
tures and read Mr. Comer's descriptions. 

UaNKr Poole. 
[Old Bectory, Smith Square, Westminster. 



Few hooks on French history have recently been 

iblished which are equal in merit and interest 

M. de Beaucourt's Huioirt dt Charlts I'll, 

}T learning, fulness of research, and beauty 

style it is perfectly unrivalled, and it is 

»tined to supersede all the works on the same 

ibject which have appeared since Alain and Jean 

Ibarlier flni attempted to describe the vicissitudes 

of a busy and exciting reign. M. de Beaucourt's 

monograph is to comprise Jive volumes ; the first 

WAS issued in I88t, and the second appeared only 

few months ago. It takes us as far as the year 

135, covering, therefore, the spare of time during 

lioh "Le Roi de Bourges," as Charles VII. had 

!0 derisively called, was laboriously conquering 

• Uutotrt lit Cltaria Vli. P«r 0. Dufrain« Je Beau- 
mru-Vol. U. "Le Roi d« Buargsi " (PirU, Sociitif 

back from the English the kingdom of France 
amongst difficulties which it would be linpoaaibla 
to exaggerate. 

I do not purpose reviewing here in detail the 
Uistoirt de Ckarlti VII., but only to draw the 
reader's attention to one or two points with re- 
ference to which M. de Beaucourt has, I think, 
completely succeeded in vindicating the character 
of bis hero. Most historians, it is well known, 
have accused Charles VI t. of ingratitude, and 
worse than ingratitude, towards Joan of Arc. A 
recent article in the new edition of the Enq/clo- 
jHtdia Britannica, expressing the almost universal 
opinion, says that "Charles — partly, perhopa, on 
account of his natural indolence, partly on account 
of the intrigues at the court — made no effort to 
effect her ransom, and never showed any interest 
in her fate." Mi.ns JuneC Tuckey, in her biography 
of the Maid of Orleans composed for the "New 
Plutarch," thus upbraids the king: " And Charles? 
Gratitude, that rare virtue in pnoces, wus utterly 
unknown to him, the king of false courtiers and 
of greedy sycophants. Uis thanklessnesa almost 
passes belief. He made no effort, wrote no line, 
expressed no desire for Joan's deliverance. He 
did absolutely nothing. We have no record of 
even a regretful word, a sorrowful look from him 
when be heard of her captivity." 

In answer to these sweeping accusations M. de 
Beaucourt proves that even if Charles VIL hod 
vriahed to rescue the Maid of Orleans &om the 
Englibh it would have been impossible for him 
to do 60 ', the unworthy coansellora by whom he 
was surrounded crippled his energy, thwarted his 
best intentions, and prevented him from exercising 
his authority as a king. A contemporary writer, 
Pierre Sala {Nardiate* da Qrands Hoy$ et Em- 
pereuTs)j says: *' Dcpuis, ainsi comme il plaist -^ 
Dien de ordooner des choses, ceste saincte Pucclle 
futprinae ct martiriseedes AngloU: dont UHuyJut 
mwkH doUntf viais remedier n'y pent." And this, in 
the second place, is one of the most curious parts of 
the whole matter; from certain documents quoted 
by M. de Beaucourt it would seem that the Bastard 
of Orleans, who was so gloriously mixed up with 
Joan of Arc's career, was dispatched by the king 
on two secret expeditions, the purpose of which 
was to rescue the unhappy victim from the hands 
of the English. As our author very aptly remarks, 
no other means were available, and acotipd^ main 
alone, boldly conceived and promptly carried out, 
could have resulted in La Pucelle's deliverance. 

Another point upon which it mny not be useless 
to dwell for a few minutes is the feud which broke 
out between the Duke of Bedford and Philip, 
Duke of Burgundy. It is pretty clear now that 
the former of these princes had joined in a plot 
with Gloucester, Suffolk, Sulisburv, and others to 
murder the latter, and that, further, the Duke of 
Brittany, who was aware o£ tba ^awt^VTwr^^NM^^ 



icwa vaitB-w,"®. 

u<4ed Tiis knowledgo for tbe purpose of detenukiDg 
Philip to abandoD the party of tbe Etiglieb. Tbe 
late M. Michelet is the Brat historian who has 
noticed tbia fact. He says {Butoire di Fr(it\ce^ 
T, 189); '* The Hlliance [between the Burgundianu 
ftod tbe Enclish] had never been either Rolid or 
tofe. Tbe Duke of Bar^Mindy hod in hia record 
office u touohioc; pledge of the EDgliah Alliance, 
Tit, the secret letters of Gloucester iind Bedford, 
vbere the two princes discussed the phiu of 
nrrenting him or putting him to death. Bedford, 
brothvr-in-lftw of tbe Duke of Bursfundy, was for 
the latter altcmutiTe, saring the difficulty of carry- 
ing out/* 

When M. Michelet wrote tbe above pamgraph 
he was commenting on a set of docmueots then 
(1835) lost, and of which the aummnry only 
eiiisted. These pieces, boweTer, were discovered 
npwards of twenty yeara ago, cind pabliabed in 
1867 by M. Dejplanqne in the Aleminres tU 
VAcmUmie de BrnxiUa, vol. ixxiii., tngether with 
n number of other papers of the bi^^hest import- 
ance. From the learned investigation of M. de 
Beaucourt and a minute exnmtnntion of the docu- 
ments under notice, it is quite clear (1) thtit the 
;iDuke8 of Bedford and of Gloucester conspired 
ogaiast tbe Duke of Burgundy; {2} that the Con- 
stable de Richemoot, whose politictit maxim^ as 
M. de Beaucourt well obBerves, was that tbe end 
justifies the mefi-ns, caused a larfie notnber of 
papers to be forged with the view of brinjying over 
to his own wny of thinking the Duke of Briltany, 
his broiber-in-Iaw. ■ 

The pDTtion of our author's excellent voTume 
'which will, no doubt, command most attention 
is the one which treats of the diplomacy of 
Charles VII. ; it forma six chapters, and embraces 
a subject which has never as jet been discussed 
with the care and the fulness it deserves. The 
whole of the intrigoe jnst alluded to between 
Richemont and the Duko of Burgundy is there 
thoroughly unravelled, and should be read in 
connexion with tbe piicc juttijicative printed at 
the end of the volume. Finnlly, I must mention 
tbe i^pirite*! apology made by ftL de Beaucourt en 
bebrtff of Charles VI r. If we may believe Nicole 
GilleSj Cfirrozet, Dn Haillun, Etienne Pasqiijer, 
and most French historians, the king was imnnora), 
•fond of pleasure, and indolent. This threefoM 
accusation seems to me completely refuted by our 
author, tiod the reason which has led so many 
writers to endorse it is doubtlessly because, on 
the faith of two or three apocryphal anecdotes, they 
have ascribed to Charles VII. in hi* youth the 
Ticps which unfortunately degraded his okt age, 
and because the political quiiai-DuUitT, to which 
I have previously alluded, and which circum- 
stuncea bod forced upon him, woi looked upon as 
ihe conclusive proof of sinful and determined 
indolence. Gcatave Masson. 

{Concluded from p. 102.) 
QiWESis, 1530. GE.tuiF, 1.^34. 





with his fiioe 

Bpon bis face 




for therefore came they 

at tbe doort 

for as muck as tbey ar» 



whererora he 

and therefore he 


was uppon tbe earth 

was np upon the earth 



and tbervfore skid 

and therefore he said 


innocent bttndi 



and an excuse 

an excuse 



a mocking 

a morker 



thnt 1 will bleii thee 

X will bless thee < 



Sarah wu 1^7 year old 

Sirah xsu 122 year old 


died in a head city 

died at Kirjalh arba 

called Hebron 

which is Hebron 



to bim as conccrritnfr 

to him concerning 


and whsD a virj^in 

DOW wbea a vlrgia 



Isaac uas a cnmlDg 

lanac was coming 



wben h« bad UicA 

when he had Ured a full 




4. and urtta tby seed 

and to thy seed 


ant] tlmt men 

and the men 


and Abuziaih 

and A certain of Ahozaatlk 

bin Triond 

hie friends 



and plroty of com 

with plenty of corn 



{wlioL'cin thou art a 

ngt m brackets 


and took a »tone 

and be took a stona "^H 



at tht^ vii^ll mou^h 

at the wollfi meuth. .^H 


niid Rebecca's too 

and liia nm of Rebeoea ' 



when Raohel 

and wlieu Racltel 


and Cftlled hii name 

and she called his nuok 




heard her 

and hear J her 


(far I HuppMe that the 

turd bath blessed 


but be laid unto bim 

and he said onto bim 


and be put ibfl staves 
which be biwl 


when they came to 

where they came t> 


drink ; 


tbe Uit brode 

the lakt lambinj; ^ 1 



ae strangers for bo bath 
sold us and hath 

ad strangcn for ho kaU^ 


over the reTcra 

over (be river 


wherefore wentest thou 

wherefore fleest thma 




sent mc away now all 

Eont me now awiy 




make a bond 

make appointmenk 


(therefore is it called 
" Galeed ") 

not in brackeCf 


(siiid be) 

not in brackets 


and thev ^ at bread and 

and tarried 



may mte itfu-lf 

may escape 



until be came 

yer he came 


SAlcm to the city 

5atein tbe city 



Mnmre a principal city 

Mamre the city of ArbaS 



in mount H«ir 

in the mount Seir 



some wicked beast 

some cruel beast 


a wicked beast hath 

a cruel beHBt Uatb de- 




and turned to 

and ha turned to 


QsiTBUS, 1630. 

GKKEns. lf>34. 

29. hast (bou rent a rent 

halt tbou mide a rent 

8. UU me 7et 

tell It me yet 

li. urt iu ffood cu« 

art in a gi>od cue 

17. so Ihe uppermoit 

21. and rwtnred the chief 

in uppermost ba»k«t 

reitored the chief 

1. by fc riTor'i ride 

by a lake's side 

2. oat of tlitt riTer 

out of the Uke 

3. out of the rWer 

out or the liikc 

brink of Ihcriwr 

brink or the Inke 

4. and he awoke there- 

ana therewith Fharaeh 



17- by a riTer tide 

by a lake side 

18. out of the river 

outof ihe lake 

31. iwt be ore* " nwne " 

not be «.nce ptTceired 

30. let thcra "kepto" it 

let them ■'kcpo** it 

and that the Und 

that the land 

39. nor of wisdom 

vT of wiadom 

51. (laid he) 

no brackets 

82. {tald b«> 

no bracket* 

C7^ beOKDM thatlhehanpcr 

because the h»ncer 

28. and wcro Mtonicd 

and they were astonied 

10. but je iliail be harm- 

butyvt >eshitll be harm- 



16. we say unto mj Lord 

we say to my Lord 

32. the lad unto my father 

the 1*1 to my father 

nut unto (hce sgain 

not to theo nfraJD 

9. come down unto me 

«me down to mo 

17. ny unto thy brethren 

say to thy brethren 

32. he gara onto «ach 

he gare to each 

as. ten be anes 

ten aaua 

ten aha osMi 

ten anea 

1. CAHitt Bccnheba 

came t^ Bnrfehebft 

unto the God 

to the God 

18. bare unto Jacob 

hare to Jtrc^b 

in number 16 Mule 

in nunilwr 'Jl toula 

'JO. and unto Joseph 

BDll to Jottepll 

2C. tlieee ont') Jacob 

these t<> Jacob 

28. before him unto Joseph 

berore him tn Joseph 

unto Ooiben 

to (joslien 

29. unto Qoflhcn 

to Goahen 

himself unto him 

himeelf to h'm 

30. faid unto Jneepb 

Fuid to Joseph 

in fo much I bare 

in as much I hare 

31. unto hii brethren 

to bis brethren 

fintobia father 

to bis faihor 

cuuie unto me 

com** to me 

34. unto (his time 

to this time 

unto the Egyptians 

Ui the Kgyptiani 

^. Pharaoh laid unto 

9. Jacob said unto Pha- 

Pharaoh latd to Jowpfa 

Jacob said to Fh&raoh 


onto the yean 

to the years 

15. came ni<to Joseph 

canie to Joeeph 

17. theircatileuntoJo.<<eph 

their oAttle to Joseph 

13. thry rame unto him 

they came to him 

tnid auto him 

eaitJ to him 

19. glTe nifood 

give ui seed 

Ul. the people unto the 

the people to the cities 


nnlo the other 

to the other 

^. Mid unto the folk 

(aid to the folk 

1^ onto thia day 

to tbie day 

bond unto Pharaoh 

bond to Pharaoh 

2&. and said untu him 

and mid to him 

31. iwearcuuto me 

Rwenre to me 

•woare unto him 

sweare l** him 

onto the bed's lirad 

to the bed's htftd 

. 2. cottetti unto thee 

Cometh to thee 

«b, T»T. 

48. 4. 


40. 2. 




50. 4. 





Genesis, 1030. 

land unto theo 

and url^) thy seed 

bom unto theo 

be unto me 

snid unto JoM^ph 

unto Maiiai>seh 

unto the land 

fiiYc unto ibce 

unto Israel 

and unto their 

itoop unto thee 

unto whom 

unto tribute 

so that his rider 

The sh'ioters have en- 

Tied faini 
and yet his bow 
come an herd man a 

spake unto (hem 
said unto them 
rpake unto 
■fteake unto 
4tid nnto him 
unto JoKcph 
•nid antr> thrm 
cTill unto uie 
unto good 

and for your children 
kindly unto them 
CTen unto 
said unto 
ntito the land 
swear unto 

Gotham, Bristol, 

land to thee 

and to tliy teed 

bom to thee 

be to ma 

said to Jowrph 

to Manaasab 

to the Und 

give to thee 

to Israel 

and to their 

■toop to tbee 

to whom 

to tribute 

that his ridf r 

though the sfaooten 

angrcd him 
yet his bow 
come herd m^n at stoua 

spake to them 

Aid to tbem 

spake to 

speake to 

did to him 

to Joseph 

said to him 

eTill tome 


and your children 

kindly to them 

oren to 

laid to 

to the land 

•wear to 

Frajicis Frt. 

Thb Desk Holes in Kkmt. — ConpiJerabI© 
attention has been recently paid to these rf^ni.Lrkuble 
pits, shrifts, and excarationSj about which there 
baa been much pp^cuhition, as shown by corre- 
apondence in the Times and eluewhere. 

In a recent work hy Dr. Woisaae on The In- 
diiitrial A rts of LhTiraaTh^ issued by the CommiUea 
of Council on Education, there occurs a posMM 
indicating the Une of inquiry to be pursued ui 
oscertAining the origin and purpose of these phe- 
nomena. On p. 16 wc read, relative to the flint 
impletneDts of the later Stone Ag« : — 

*' To be able to chip the hard flint (often as fraiite as 
glass) in a masterly manner, a very close knowledge of 
tbe nature of the material, aa well as of wh^re it was to 
be found, was necessary. As long a« they used only the 
loose Mocks lyine scattered about on the surface of the 
ground (aa was the case in the first fltone Age) they were 
only ablo to mak^ coinp»ratively small and rough flint 
implementH. a«, from the influence of the sun and air, 
the flint bnd become harder and m<~>re brittle. They did 
not kam until lnti.-rtbat flint is much easier to work and 
faahinn immediately aftrr itis takon from its natural bed 
in the earth, when it is capable of boint; divided into 
much larger and thinner flakes, while retaining a certain 
amount of Us inherent moisture. On that account, fn 
the later period of the Stone Age, deep pits with long 
subterranean passages were excaratcd vi\ ?t^-c^«a,^%/&- 
gium, and £asland, «\k«ut% V3afctMi\'^(%fc*si:irt^'*'^*^*^***^ 

imnudiftt«lj, and ■ftennu-ili cirried from tb«'M plicei 
all orer the eountry. In Denmark no sucb deep pits 
luTB been difcovered, probkblj because the llinc coold 
nftdilr be obtained from the exteneiTe and eaeilj ec- 
cenlble chalk layen." 

Thia seems a Tcry sa-ttsfactoirway of tccoaofiDg 
for these excavations, but it depends on one cir- 
enmitance— Are these pits and sbafu sunk exalu- 
nrely in tbe chalk slratn l 

The Dortheni half of Kent consists of chalk nnd 
marl in the aoutbern portion, boaaded on the north 
bj the lower eocene strata. The southern half of 
the county brings to the surface the strata belov 
the chalk— tho greonsands and the Weald clay. It 
would tend much to the elacidation of the problem 
if some of your correspondents in the county would 
inform ua whether the shafts are sunk exclusively 
in tha chalk, and possibly in the London clay 
immediately overlying the chalk, or whether they 
are also sunk in tbe southern strata, where no 
<:balk exists. J. A, PicTO!f. 

Sandyknowe, Wavertree. 

[Sec " N. & <i.;' Ort* 8. tL 247, 414, 436.] 

Th» Complktb Opficks of thb Cftdrch 
OTiLi. A Dbsidcratum.— You very properly, as a 
rule, decline correcting the occasional errors of your 
(M)Dtemporarie8. All are liable to slipn. In the 
interest of Church literature, however, and to pre- 
sent a po«i«ible mistake in tbe mind of a novice 
reading ''The Sarum Ritual" in the Stiturday 
Rtvitir of the 17th inst., moy I venture to say 
that the expression of the reviewer, thnugh not his 
thought itself, seems in one or two pluces defec- 
tivot— thufl,"It[iheSuru[D]diirorsfrom theKomao 
use a«, «y., in the arrangeuenl of the Sundays 
after Trinity instead of after Pentecost, and in 
the order and selection of the Collects, Epl»tles, nnd 
Go«peli." To this should be added *' uod in the 
substance of the original collects nlRo — for infitance, 
in the two Prime ColleL'ts — nnd totnlly in that for 
Compline," perhaps the three most used of any by 
the peoplo at lar^'e. The writer goes on tn say 
" Mr. Maskell has edited the Missal and Occa- 
sional Offices of tbe Church.** He has edited the 
Ordinary nnd Canon of the Mass, but not the 
Missal. The Occasional Offices are beside the 
mark. Tbe reviewer proceeds, "They have between 
them [Mr. Mnakell and the present editors of the 
Breviary] supplied us with u complete reissue of 
the Offices of the Church as imed in this country 
before the Reformation." Where, then, in Mr. 
Maskell and in the Sarum Breviary of Messrs. 
"Wordsworth nnd Proctrr do we find the Introits, 
the Kpinlles. the Coapels, and the Qr^iduaU and 
Tracts, the Sequences, the Otlertories, the Secrets, 
the Comumnions and Po^t-Couitnunions of the 
Kfent Salishnry Church / When complete tbe 
Burntisland Missal will contain them and fill up 
^g»^ Q. F. 

The Folk-lore or Flowers. — The following 
quaint fragment of folk-lore is hidden between the 
coven of a work that would scarcely be supposed 
to contain such matters, namely, the lirport vf the 
UniUd SlaUs Fuh Commusion (pt. i. 1873, p' 24). 
I have dug it out that it may »hine, your kind 
pennission given, upon some page of " N. & Q.* 
The paragraph occnrs in the midst of the testi- 
mony upon the condition of the fisheries of New 
England, taken by the commissioner at Newport 
in 1871. Tbe words are from the lips of a fisher* 
man of Narrogansett Pier. The fishes referred to 
are the squeteagoe {V^puucion regalia)^ the scnp- 
pang {Sitn'itomu.i vemcolor) and the striped baas 
[tioccxtn lintaiut): — 

*' Qiutiion {hy Prof. Bsird], — Did they [the squetfO^e] 
com« much earlier thsn usuiU at Poiiit Judith this 

*Miuw«r.— About the nme. ThejexpectedtheminFeb- 
niarj.Boitgotthcffemrsrcftdy. Theylindthemin t)t« water 
in March. laJwajs judge by the daudcliuui ; when I f«e 
tbe first dandelion, che Mup come in ; I watch the boili, 
and when the bud/i arc swelled full, then our traps go In. 
Uhen the dandelion goes out oi blor<m and ^ocs to eeed. 
llie ecup are gone ; that is true one /ear with another, 
(bough thej vary with tbe teaaon. 1 am guided bv tbe 
btoMomi of other kindi of plants for other fish. VVhen 
I'igh blackberriei arc in hlocro, wc catch striped bais 
that neigh from twelve to twenty poundt ; *hen tbe 
bine Tioloti are in bloenoin — t)iry come early — you can 
cuu-h tbe small acoot-baM. That has alwajr* bfcn luy 
rule, that has been handed dowu by my forefathers.'* 
Fredrrick W. Trur. 

Kational Moseum, ^Vuhington, U.S. 

DoBMOlFSB. — There is a curious little mieprint 
under this head in John.son'9 Dictionary^ whii 
illustrates at the 8.-tme time how a trifling error 
punctuation may destroy the sense of a quoCal 
and the persistence with which an error once made 
in print is again and again reproduced. In the 
first edition, 1755, Johnson had: — 

" Dormouse, m. A ttaali animal which pasees a Uig^j 
|iart of tbe wiitler in sleep : 

Comn we all steep, and are mere dormice flics, 
a little less Iha'i d^-ad: mure duln«a« hun^ 
on ua than on the Moov.—BtH JohMOH** 
Thia illustration from Ben Jonson's pla] 
OatxHiHt Act I. is incorrectly given. Jonittft'' 
wrote: — 

*' Come we all ileep, and ore meer donnios ; filat | 
A little lease than dead : " &o. 
By leaving out ihe semicolon after dormice 
Johnson's copier lost the whole point of the<^i 
tioUf and converted the noun dormice int< 
adjective, as descriptive of the files. Ikn Joi 
wrote " we are dormice " hut Sara Johnson 
verted ibis into '*wo are dormice Hies." Thia 
curious error was reprinted in subse^itient edil 
certainty as late as Todd's carefully coi 
edition of 1818. Eowart) Soli 

Ejirlt DATU) Ex-Libeis.^I eam« IateWa< 
« go^ epecioaea of (he early printed book- 

6"> 8. VII. Fa. 21/83.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 




It IB in the British MiHeum, HarL Bagford, 151 
O.B./50U1^ an odd little volume^ in whidi are 
parted wuifs and straya of fly-leavea, many of 
which ore Tnlaable for the intcrQslinf; autograph? 
ihey contain : " Williim Merylleld, Jun$ 22, 
16&0," within n printed border of fleura-de-Iys hack 
to biick. This ifl of an earlier date than any Kii|i{> 
lish ei-Iibrif* in Mr. Warren's very helpful Ouiiit, 
bat not HO earlv as four described by correspond- 
enta of "N. &\»." in the first rolurae for 188:2. 
I may instance another churacterisiic specimen 
from my own collectiun, nlao a printed label, with- 
out any heriildiu pretensions: "William BUkeaton, 
March 6, 1084," in a printed border formed by 
the repetition of a rery simple ornament. It is 
rather odd that the^te early labeU should parti- 
cuUrizQ the day and month in which they were 
printed. J. Eliot Uodokin. 

Richmond, Surrey, 


We must request eorrespondants desiring infarmation 
on family mat(«rs of only private intarcit, to affix their 
n&mei and addreurs to their •jueriea, in order that tbe 
answers may be addressed lo thtm dirocb. 


A. CT7RIOU9 ScHooLrBooc — I possess a very 
carious old school-book, entitled: — 

" Xolens Volcns ; or, Yon shall msko Latin -whether 
you wit) or CO ; cunt&ining the Plainest Ptrectiona that 
hare yet l>een Ktren on that subject. Together with 
tlie Youtlt'i Vuitile Bible, Ueing an Alphabetical CoUec- 
lion (from tbe whole Uible) uf such Oeneral Heads as 
were judg'd moet capable itf Hleroeljrphioks. Illustrated 
(witb t;ml Thrietjr) in F^ur A: Twenty Copper-plMte*, 
with the Rude Trnn«Ut ion oppnaite, for tbe Exercise of 
those tbHt begin to make Latin," 

The sise in a small 12Liia Ko nulhor'a name 
appears on the Litle-pnge, but the educational 
preface "To the Keiuler" is siRoed " Elishji 
Colea." My copy is of "The Second Edition, 
Corrected." The imprint is, "London, 1677, 
Printed by T. D. for T. Basset and H. Brome." 
It has a curious frontispiece, representinf^a teacher 
staadingj dressed in a sort of Koman toga, and 
lecturing a little boy who is seated and taking 
notes. Above is the Horutian motto "Utile 
Dulci," and from the teAcher^a mouth issues a 
acroU, on which is tbe text, " From a child 
thou hast known the Scripturea." The " hiero- 
Klyphicks" are most carious and droll, especially 
those of "Parent," " Pallace," " Naked," " Slug- 
Bard," "yuarrell," " Quailes," "Scorner," &c. 
My copy is very clean, and handsomely bound by 
J. Leslie, and pasted inside tbe cover is a cutting 
from a bookHelJer's catalogue, apparently forty or 
fifty ^ean old, giving the above title, with the 
addition, "Curious and scarce; 6ne cnpy, 9<." 
May I ask wbni is known of tbe book, ita value, 
cdncational or other, and of its author, Elisha 

Cotea, beyond what is stated in Watkins's fisf 
graphical Dietwnaryf E. Walford, M.A. 
Hampatcad, N.W. 

Prater Rufis.— Every prayer rug, I believe, 
has upon it a certain symbol, which you arrange — 
or, rather, you aminge the rug— so that the symbol 
shall point towards Mecca whilo you are saying 
your prayers. In two prayer rugs thiit I have 
this sign in alike in genenil form but different in 
detaiL It resembles the section of a gabled house 
—the gable or chevron at top, with kingpost and 
cross beam within it, and under thene what looks 
in one case like a pair of pincers with three handles 
instead of two, and in the other case tike a llower 
with a stalk and two branching leaves. Also, itc 
one of my mgs the chevron Is double and inter- 
laced, and the house appears to stand on three 
vertical posta. In each oaae tbe whole sign is 
worked near one end of the rug. within the border, 
and points towards that end. What is the mean- 
ing of this symbol 1 A. J. M. 

Prof. Sklwyn'b VaMKa— Will any correspon- 
dent refer mo to, or favour me with, a copy of 
Latin elegincn by the late ProtSelwyn on a" Hos- 
pitium Saltntorinm" {Ajiglici ball) proposed to. 
be given at Cambridge about tweoty years ago? 
The verses were referred to in a back volume of 
London Society * All that I can remember is that 
Sir Roger was rendered by " Rogerua Eqaes." 

Thk Bath Kol.— Where can I find anything 
about this ? P. J. F. Gamtillox. 

Thk Hood, a Gams.— At Haxey, in the Isle 
of Axholme, a game called " the hood " is played 
annually on January G, in commemoration, it ia 
said, of the loss and recovery of her hood by a 
certain lady of the Mowbray family many centuries 
ago. The game, which waa not only " established " 
but also " endowed " by the lady in question, ia 
played somewhat in this manner:— The hood, which 
consists of a stiff roll of leather, is thrown up ia 
the middle of the open field, on tbe borders of 
which are posted four cHicial players, called " bog- 
gans," who are dressed in a peculiar uniform, and 
whose office it is to prevent the carrying away of 
the hood from the field. To carry it away is the 
object of the players in general, who assemble 
from the several hamlets of which the parish is 
composed, each anxious to secure the victory for 
bis own particular hamlet. The game, as may be 
supposed, is u very rough one, and limbs are Dot 
unfrequently broken over it. Once off the field 
the hood is borne to one of the public-houses in 
the victorious hamlet, and there liberally "basted" 
with ale, of which "seductive flooid'*ihe victors 
are also supposed to be entitled to as much aA.^\n. 

" l»bottUb«g\aAQlu-vtttS«"«Xw«ftt.\AN^k<i«'^'2vte- 



Artemas Ward'd phjiaaej they can " indlridoodly 

Id the coDtiguous p&rish of Kpwortb a BimiUr 
game is played under the eaine name, but with 
some yBrintioni. The bood is not here carried 
awftv from the field, but to certnia goals, ngainst 
urbich it is struck three times nnd then decUred 
free. This is CjJled " wyking " the hood, which 
is ftftetwArds throwu up o^ain for a fresh game. 

I write these particulars for the purposo of ask- 
ing the origin and meaning of the words hoggan 
and wyhing, I suspect the former to be the lost 
lubstuntive from which is derived the verb " to 
hoggU " (to stop^ aod in the United States to em- 
barrusj; bat 1 cannot even goeai at the meaning 
•of the other, or whence it comes. la the verb io 
tffyJbs met with at all in oar literature 2 

C. 0. Bbll. 

Ep worth. 

Arms of Qovxrmor Walkkr. — Arms are 
aaid to afford a means of tracing descents; let me, 
therefore, mention — ns a warning, and in hope of 
deriving information — those of Governor Walker, 
of Deny. I am informed that thofle in a niemoriHl 
window in Derry Oathedral are wrong. I wished 
to know the right ones, and obtained a sketch of 
those over his monument in Gistle Cuulfield 
Church, where he and his wife are buried. Those 
last arms agree with those on a stone in Mully- 
gruen Qouse, said to hare been built by him 
(see Lewis's Tapog. BMonary, 1838) ; but they 
do not agree with any arms of any Walker in 
Burke's Qsntral Armory, 1847. And those on the 
wife's half of the shield are certainly not those of 
Walker's wife, who was a Maxwell of Finnibrogue. 
I cannot learn whom Walker's father married, but 
he was A Yorkshireman. Now comes a third 
puzzle. In one of the archivological journals there 
la a portrait of Walker, taken from a print, giving 
a di^erent shield from either of the above, viz., a 
hUck shield with a lion rampant. 

Tho arms in the cathedral window are : In chief 
pnrp. three etogs' heads; ia bnae arg. a chevron 
purp. beLweea three crosses crosslet. Tbe armsou 
Walker's tomb are : Dexter, or husbaud'a, side, 
in chief gu. a lion passant or, fretty io base. 
Sinister Ride, tn chief org. two Maltese crosses or 
above a chevron arg., charged with three cinqne- 
foiis ; in base gu. a Maltese crotB or. Creat, a 

Is nnythio? known of Walker's Yorkshire an- 
ceitoral In Knight's lUugtraUd Hisfory of Eng- 
land it is stated that Wulker was a Presbyterian 
niniRtcr. Thia ia wrong ; Walker belonged to tbe 
Church of EngUnd, as did his father before him. 


Cdklsra Manor and the Princms Elusa- 
TBTH.— Faolkner. in his UUtory of fJhchea. t«IU 
OS that Henry VIII,, observing, In his TiAiia to 




Sir Thomas More, the salubrity of the air and the 
pleosantoeas of the situation, determined to 
acquire the old Manor House as a nursery for the 
royal children. Subsequently he built a 
manor house to serve thta purpose. Uih daughl 
tbe Princess Elizabeth, was then in her third y< 
Under the guardianship of the Queen Downf 
Catherine P.-irr, much of Elizibeih's girlhood 
spent at Cbelseo. Can any of your renders give 
me an accurate outline of Elizihetb'ft connexioa 
with the Manor House, and some details of 
education here i Tbe facts seem very meiigre. 

Cbas. Jas. FbflET.' 

BuRon Awn Boroaob. — Tn old cha^^ers and 
deeds relating to Skipton, in Yorkshire, the town 
ia almost invariably spoken of as a l^irgh, and 
Oourt Leet records of last oentury it is so call 
Vet the town does not seem to have had luuniol 
government, or to have ever returned a menibei 

Parliament. A deed of the year 1598 spenkj 

the "castle, honnor, mannor, 6urrow«, and towne 
of Skipton "; and a valuation of 1600 records that 
two " burgages ut will "were worth ten shillings 
per annum. Thero was at this time a Burgh 
Court at Skipton, the profits from which, amount- 
ing in 1312 to forty shillings yearly, realised thirty 
shillings. The Court Leet records in vurinbly refer 
to the town as a hurgh. Can it be supposed from 
these facts that the town had ever manicipal 
rank 1 Are parallel instances common t 


MAi:piGYR5CTaf.— The folio wingourioas account of 
the tenure of the old holders of the Addingtonefltatc^ 
from tbe Daily -V«irs of December 8 last, seems to 
deserve a place in " K. & Q." Perhaps 
learned reader can supply tho eiymologj of 
pigyrnum. : — 

"Tlic Hltle churchyard where Arctbisbop Tail wjH 
be buried to-dny en'^loiei vrithin its l)uund«rie«, at 
renders of the Dnltf JV'evi have already been infu 
the renuiiiu of four Arclibi«hops of Gikntoiburjr. 
e«tftlc of Adilington ««as bought m 1S07 for tho 
Pritimte, Arclibieliop Manners Sutton. He paid bo 
at the corotittiKin of George IV., in scconhinco will 
nnoiertt eafttom Tvhich rciuirrd of the holder* of Ad 
ton, as a cnnilition of th«ir tenure, that tla-y it: 
pte*enC a disU uf pottatte to tbo HovereiKii at his cni 
lion banquet The eatat^ was given by William thd 
Coiiniierur to 'Teselin. tbe cook/ oa condition that ho 
ibonid t>o bonnd to furDii=h oti the dav of hit coronation 
a (liih mft'le in nn ear:hrn pot, and called MaupigymDiD. 
This oaeu Mmc hare roppo^eU to be a kind o 
paddiutf. The lo«t of the T«zelln family was a lady 
married liOrd Bardolf ; and the dith nrfr»ente<l 
thr B-.r'i«Ifii lit tho «-. ^ r '' 

kiiot*n to linTk! been 
brawn of CNponft, su^:^ 
boiled sad ohoppod." 

Jamm HoorsK. 
7* Streatham PUce, Strealhom HUh S.W. 

EvKB-.— Mljat is the raottningof the 6r»t lytUble 
in the names Krenificldi Evenley, and oihcnl 

& VaFsB.2l.'«3.J 



Can it bfi A cormption of earrfiod so mean "the 
plonyhcd fielJ " I The name i» written " Bm- 
fi«l(i" in the will of Sir TLouaa £venfield, of 
HoUiogCoD, Sussex, in 1Q12. 



[ Wild boar. See fttorrls, EtjftMloffy of I^al A'mnM, 
irnb compares Ebt:r«tein, &c., io Germany.] 

EsGLian Church Hrraldrt.— Hm any work 
l)eea published containing a liflt of all the coals 
of arms to be found in car cfaurdies and church- 
varda ? If not, nllow me to eiiggest ihtit such a 
book would be of great rulue to the genealogist. It 
could be compiled to a considerable extent from our 
larger county hiatones. I am afraid, in this age of 
church restoration, many old monuments, if 
not destroyed, will be injured and placed out of 
sight. I was lately looking at some armorial 
bearings on graves in a charchyardi and, although 
but recently erected, they were being rapidly worn 
Away by the damp and frost. It would be a great 
advantage to the antiquary to know what coat« of 
arms are to be fonnd on tablets and tombs to, say, 
the families of Cock^ or of Wiiauo. Allow me to 
draw the attention of oar local archauological 
societiei) to this subject. Hobkrt Bowkeu 



John Ormaby, of Cloghans, co. Mayo, in his will, 
dated 1732 and prorod 1745, mentions bis first 
wife, Henrietta Bingham, nod hia second wife, 
Frubces VeiAy. I want to trace these two ladies. 
Sir Henry Bingham, John Bingham, E^q., nod 
Capt. John Bingham, son of the latter, were named 
n» trustees in the wilt, dated 1700, proved 1714, of 
Robert Ormiiby, fatlier of John Ormeby. This 
Sir Henry Bingham wnacridentty the third baronet, 
John Bingham afterwards fifth baronet, who 
a d:iughter Henrietta, but Archdall says she 
unmarried. I cannot find any Vesey-Ormaby 
marriage in Foster or Eurke, except Dr. William 
y, son of the :irchbialiop, who married Mary, 
hter of John Ormsby, of Dublin. Foster cidls 

ary Dixon, widow of Ormtby; butlvXh 

ler mother's and father's wills mention a daughter 
JHory, atid the former by name as Mary Xe^ey. 

H. L. 0. 
P.6. Any information as (o the families of 
Ormaby, English and Irish, will bo gratefully re- 
ived by Mr. Henry Leigh Ormsby, 2, Harcourt 
Baildingfl, Inner Temple, E.C. 

MrDfiM! ExcHANOiE. — De Ijaune, in his Preunt 
B-iaU of London^ 1681, after de5>cril)ing the Royal 
*• ■'■'^""-'o. as rebuilt after the Greau Fire, and the 
liange (onlled Durham House) in the 
;. ., ^.i_v» (p. U;<0»''^*'*'''e!*reulsotwoexchunKe« 
more, viz. the MiiJdlo Exchange and Exeter Ex- 
change, which Inst was lately built ; in both which 

goods are sold aa at the Royal Exchange." Many 
of us rcmembec Exeter Cbtnge, not far from Che 
present publidhing offices of "N. & Q."; but where 
was Middle Excbuage, and what is its liiatory? 

Belshe Park Gardens, N.W. 

Georgr Clite OB CLEXTRs.~He i«t supposed 
to have been a resident of Plymouth, Englnnd. 
Having emigrated to America about 1629 or 1630, 
and settled where the city of Portland in the State 
of Maine now stands, he obtained from the CauncU 
of Plymouth a grant of this territory. Where waa 
he born 1 When was he married 7 What can be 
ascertained relative to his history before 1C30 I 

Jon5 Winter. — He was agent for Robert 
Trelawny, Major of Plymouth, England. He 
emignited to the vicinity of Portland, Mutne, at the 
same time aa Cleevcs. Is anything known of him 
previous to emigration f J. P. B. 

PortUnd. Maine, U.S. 

Book Acctioks.^^1 should be glad if any of 
your readers would giro me a list of the chief 
book sales of the present century, with their 
dates. I am more particularly desirous of iiscer- 
taining the yeara of the dn/en or so whtrh are 
constantly referred to in Bobn's edition of 
Lowndea's Bibliographcr'$ Maiiual (e .(/., Bindley, 
White Knights, Heath, Nassau, &o.j. but should 
be grateful for later information m well 

F. 0. W. 

OxFord and Cambridge Club. 

Rrlic op St. Jonir Baptist at Oxford. — 

In Terra-Jiliua i w, the Stent Hiatorit of the 
Univtrsity of Oxfurd (1726), it is stated (ii- 187) 
that " St. John the Baptist's thigh bone " was 
then contained in *' the inner room [of St. John's 
College], which is famous for the manuscripts, 
archives, iind curious trinkets which it containa.*^ 
la the history of this relic known ? 

James Brittkk. 

Joan (de OrKKTittE), Coo^TE.S3 of March, 
— WJicro shall I find the most trustworthy account 
of this lady's pnrenUige and ancestry, and the 
relationship in which she stood to the French 
house of Joinrille ? Clk. 

Fe.xto:i 07 Westmoreland. — Where did this 
family originate/ One Jonathan Fcuton is said 
to have married a Miss Atkinson near Iveodall 
in or about 1768, and her Christian mime is 
supposed to hare been Margaret. All {uirticulars 
as to the FeoCons of Westmoreland would be 
serviceable towards the history of the family. 

A. Wake. 

Hewhy Pole, Lord Mo?iTAGt7E, reiibadbd 
IN 1538. — I should he much obliged for any in- 
formation as to the descendants of Winifred Pule, 
daughter and coheiress of the above. Ucnr^^ 

NOTES AND QUERIES. l«^s.v^.F«.2^•8s. 

Pole wag the boq of Sir Richard Pole by bis 
marriage with Margaret Plaiita^eoet, (.'Ountesa of 
Siiliabury (ilaughtcr of George, l)uke of Clarence), 
beheaded ia 1541. T. S. G. 

"CcMMiNo Monn."— Mr. Cumroing, commonly 
koown aa '* Cuniuiing Mohr/' lived and rented 
Innda near Knuuocfa, in Scotland, about 1780, 
Will any one give bis pedigree ? IS. S. C. 

" Allabacclia,"— The firat of the celebrated 
St. Lejjer stakes was run for in 1776, and von 
by Lord BuckiDghnm'a filly " Allabaculia," by 
Sampaoa. From wbenco the name 7 W. £. 

The Harleian LiBnAKr.— The Rev. T. T. 
Iiewis, editor of ibe Liittru of Lady Brilliana 
BarUy (Camden Society, 1854), states, in his in- 
troduction, that *^ upon fuilare of isaae male of 
Robert H.irley, the firat Earl of Oxford, by the 
death of his son Edward, thtfoundtr of Ou Hat' 
Uian Library^ the title pasaed to the son of the 
auditor, bis brother/* It ia generally supposed 
that the Hnrleiun Library was founded by the 
first Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, Robert Uarley, 
09 given under head *' Hurleinn Libmry " in 
Hoydn's JHciioiiary of Data. Which is correct ? 

W. S. SrM0M08. 

Pendock Rectory, Tewkesbury. 

AtJTHoRs OP Quotations Wanted. — 
" A word unkind or wronfEly taken 
A love like thti ku nidoljr abaken." R, 
" 'Tis bard to uy, so cotna tlie daub be lays. 
Which Bullies uioit, the censure or Che pralao." 

0. F. S. 




(!•» S. 

»• pall-mall;* 

I. 461; 3'J S. vHi. 402; 4"" a i. 

iii. 351 
Ti. 224 ; xL 4, 63 ; G**" a. iii. 280, 298, 

466,495; vl 29,63, 217.) 

It is a great pity that people who wish to reply 
to a note in " N. & Q.'* do not first r* al OTer the 
not* two or three times if they do not clearly 
apprehend its drift the first time ; and they 
would do well also to have the note before them 
whilst thsy nre writing their answer, and cot to 
trust to the imprcstion which they gathered from 
reading the note perhsps days before. If M. Esto- 
CLKT had done these things, 1 feel sure bis reply 
•would hsTO oosumed a rery different form. He 
seems to think that my ohjeot in writiof; my note 
(vi. 29) was to show that the Ital. f}itUamaglio 
was— pttlla (ii nistjlio, and notpullaa moglio. Dut 
nothing WHS further from my thoughts. K, when 
I vos writing my note, I bod noticed >L EeTo- 
CLwf6 ooramunicatioD {C**» S. iii. 45fii. in which 
b« shows that the form p'tiht a mn/jlio was once 
in use, I thould nerer baTe suggested the form 

jNtUd da viai^lio ; hut it did not come under my 
notice until ajdr the proof came from the printer's, 
when it was scarcely possible to alter the text, and so 
I added the last nine lines of note § (vi. 29), and was 
Qorefal to say that I had done so. All that I 
wanted to show was that pallamaglio must be 
understood as if some preposition intervened b^ 
tween palla and mafjUo, and it did not matter to 
me in the least whether that preposition wa? </'t 
or a, as either would prove my coae against Pr.or. 
Skkat. For, if paUcmaglio is— either palla da 
maglio or pnlla a niagliot and M. Estoclkt allows 
that 11=710/^ fi magliOfthtn it cannot possibly 
mean hall-malUt, aa Peof. Sebat says ; and ' 
is all that I was contending for. But, if M. Es' 
CLET maintains that palla a vi'iglio can mean h 
malUt, OS he apparently does * then I cun only u^ 
that he must be ill acquainted either with Italian 
or with Eoglisb ; and as in this case the a in 
Italian is used in much the same way as it oftSB 
is in Fcench, and I take M. Estoclrt to be a 
Frenchman, it is probably his knowledge of Eo^- 
lish which is at fault. When iu Italian or French 
one substantive is joined to another by the prep. cS| 
tbefirstword is the principal word, and the substan- 
tive irhich foUoivs the a qualifies the other and her 
comes a sort of adjective to it, and as such must 
in the English equivslent compound word stand 
Jirtt. Thus, montin <^ vint is in £ng. winduiill ; 
macchina a rapore, steam-machine (or engine)^ 
In the same way, therefore, palla a maglio most 
be in Eng. maUet-ball, and not ball-mallet, a» 
Pnor. Skeat and M. Estoclkt m&intain.t 

But M. Estoclkt not only aocusee me of wish- 
ing to substitute da for a in jwii/a u matjUo, ho 
also maintains that palla da vtajfiio is not Italian. 
Now, I am of opinion that one ought not to be 
too positive with regard to points of grammar evcB 
in one's own native langusge, and that one cannot 
be too careful in the case of a foreign language, 
and I believe Itatisn to bo a foreign language tfr 
M. Estoclkt. ralta da maglio is no doubt not 
the usual form, but the wnrd is on old one, and 
the tendency of modem Italian is to snbstitni 
fnr a, and to regard a as more or less of a Gallti 
This I have been told by Italians. Still paUi 

• M. EsTOCLiT calli Mt-mdfet a "r 
IrsnilMtlon" of vailamaj^tio. But.bou 
rend; a translation may be — fti») the tcri 
pliroentary one toapply to PB<tv. gKSAT'b «ut*. — it 
at leait to be accurate, and the trauvlAtioit in qt 
is, ai I maintain, the exact rtvetic '' •' ''■ 

t >l. EsioOLRT seemBto be imft) 
ence in uieaiiing tliht th^re it be' 
mntht-hnlf. h\ }.i\U malUt, tntU't i4 iLo \r\n 
ftantive. iind hail fMnni a ItinJ "f mlJcMli 
walltt t-utt. ImU \i the prin-r'""i «t.*..f«.iii#r, 
funni a kind of aJjectivt ( 
to thr rule I have laid >■ 
wouli l>« pallti a magtvD, scikl IkiU n^niiici, 
better da ) puthi^ 

flaS. ril. Piii.24, '83.] 





fHo^Ko iaundoubtedlj ItAli&n * jaBtaB'*adictioiiary 
for ibe pocket" is (;ood EnglUb, though we alw»js 
BsjT "a pocket dictionary " iDBteod. It ifl no doubt 
txQO thiit the Italians ase a before "the af^ent 
tfaroagh which a ihinp is set in motioo, the instni- 
meni vith which a thing is dooe/' to qnoto M. 
Estuc'lkt's words; but it is not true that a ia ex- 
oliuively used in these casefi, for lia (and even di) 
M oaed a« well. Thus a windmill is miilino a vctiiOf 
M M. EsTOCLBT txyr, but for water-inill I find la 
an Italian sramniar (Ollendorflf'0] mulino adaapti, 
and in an Italian dictionary (Weber's Ital-Gerui.. 
Gcra.-Ital.) mulino da acqua and (Taenia {^^di 
ncquayf A^ain, in the same Italian dictionary I 
find pnlla di cannone (like the French bouUi ds 
canon)X and ])alla duTchibugio {=^di arcAifcuyio), 
but also jfailij da moichitto^ jxtlla do. seJtioppOj and 
pfUiadapvtto'a; but in none oftfaose cases do I find 
anaed, though the cannon, musket, gun, and pistol 
are aa much the agents which set the ball in motion 
aa the mallet is, and so, oocording to M. Ehtoclkt's 
rule, (t oujtUt to be used. For this use of ci^ compare 
alao the sentence quoted by me (vi. 20, note §) 
from ViltanoTa's Ital. Did., $.v. "PdlJaniajjIio": 
"Sorta di giuoco sutia piana terra, con palla di 
legno di piccolo maglio/'§ I submitted this sen- 
tence to an Italian lady who has been in the habit for 
years of teaching her own language, and she quite 
agreed with me that di was here— <fa. Uow nn- 
crrtain the Italians are about the lue of these pre- 

* After writing the above I bnd a letter from tlie 
Italian Udy moritioned in the text further on, and she 
telle ine tbat j>alla da maylio is perfectly gooj lUlinn- 
Her own woraa are as follow?, and I f(iTe them thnt 1 
may not be avcuied of misunderBtanding and miatrauB- 
Uting them : " Not adopriuno piu comuuemente Ja \oce 
11 Tento, (t(/ acqua \=i.vinjd and irnfer in wind-mili an<i 
vof^r-unW], a maglio, ma,iicc(mie la pro^oaixione da puo 
CMere imiiirKau m luogo della preposiiione a> coci pu6 
dirai du Tento, da acqua, da ma^lio." 

t I must lay thikt tbia mulino d'acqua eurprtied me, 
and aa the Itn-Iinn lady already mentioned (ace note *) 
was likowiao of o[«iiiiun that it was never ueed, I came U> 
the cooolusion that it was a Genuan lexicographer'i bad 
Italian. But I have lince bought Ilarotti'fl lUthan Did., 
of which tht! Italian ia written by an Italinn, and there 
•gain, in the Ital.-I'ng. part, t.v, "iMolino." I find 
WH^tno li'aci/ua, and nothing; else, so that it does teem 
Ibat the di is in this case sometimes useil m Italy. And 
if so, we muat underdtand the water not only of that part 
of it which niakea tbe mill-wheel go round, hut aUo. and 
tzjoie riprcially, of the whuto atroMUi by or on which the 
mill standi : nnd then the di will have the fDrc« uf the 
French de in yort {=^tHllt) dt n*tj; poult d'tixu. vwt ti'enHy 
Au}. 1'he f/'oo/urt, in fact, telli ua tn^t the mill ia a water- 
mill and not a land-niill. /J' cannot be a contraction for 
dit, %Mda\% uorer contracted. 

i Im Curvtli'i ilict. poVa da cannons, 

\ I ahouM, no diiuht, hnve been able to fmd other ex- 

[anvplea if compound wordi were as eaay Lo find in an 

> Italian dictionarv ax they areinsn Ehfiliah one. Butwhile 

each word* •■ wind mdi, canno-A-lalt, kc, are necesaarily 

.foond in every Enghah dictionary, their equivalenta in 

' ig coinpoacd of two diatiDct words, are by no 

found in every Italian diciionury. 

positions ia shown by the fact that in the Venetian 
dialect (see Boerio's i>tr/.} tnolxn d^ vento (wind- 
mill) ia used, whilst in p:iro Italian it is mulino a 
vento, as stated abore. And so, again, coffee-mill 
is mnUTullo da caffi in pare Italian, but mn/m a 
eafi: in the Piedmontase dialect (see Sant' Albino'a 

It eeems to me, however, that a, rfd, and di hare 
not precisely tbe same meaning iu the examples 
gireu abore. Let as suppose that a baa the mean< 
ing assigned to it by M. KaTOCLiT, though I am 
by no means snre nbout it ,* then da has not this 
meaning, but signifies nih^t fitted for, tuiiabU for, 
adapUd to. Thus in palla a naglio we should 
have the idea of the mallet being used to set tbe 
ball in motion, whilst in palla da mayUo it would 
be simply that the ball is fit to be used with a 
mallet, without any idea of motion. And so in 
mulino a V€nto and moUn da wnto; in the former 
oose the wind ia regarded a^ tbe propelling iustru- 
ment, whilst in tbe latter the mill is regarded aa 
suitably constructed for its use with wind. With 
regard to di, the notion of possession, or belonging 
to, is of course inherent m it. Thus pnlla di 
rannone is simply a ball which belongs to a cannon 
and is used with it, whilst jtalla da cannonf (see 
note X) would moan a ball suitable for a caanon, and 
palla a cannone {it used) would, according to M. 
KsiuCLKT at leas&i mean a ball to be propelled by 
a cannon. The preposition is selected, therefore, 
in accordance with tbe idea which it is intended 
to convey, but it cannot be said ibnt the preposi- 
tion choeon is more or less correct (grammatltMlly 
{•peaking} than the other two. 

We have a similar uncertainty of expresaion in 
other languages ; for compare the Gerui. Miitagt' 
ef-ifn, literally midday's meal, with Abende4stn= 
evening meal. F. Chance. 

Sydenham BUI. 

Thk FwrrivAi. of the Popb's Chair (6* S. 
vii, 47, 72, 90, 110).— As probably but fevr of 
your readers posse&s tbe Vtiwla ASonvmenla^ 
while many may feel some interest in the question 
whether St. Peter ever occupied tbe Oiithedro 
Petri, or ftny portion of it, you will, I hope, hHow 
lue t^ make a few remarks on Messrs. Brownlow 
find Northcote's statements respecting it (us re- 
ported by Mr. Randolph), for these are somewhat 
misleading. 1. There ia no ground for the asser- 
tion that tbe tablets (or plates) on which the 
labours of Hercules are sculptured are older than 
tbe other six tablets, on which are figures repre- 

* lndee\, it aeemt to me that M. E^OCLET puts a 
great deal too much meaning into such a very little 
»ord of one tetter aa a. A French friend who ia now 
Btaying with ni« lells me that he can feel no difTerenoo 
between d in mouitn ti vent and that in mou/tit d cafe or 
rerre d v«i*.- that for liiin in alt three caiea the a is about 
and this is prcciaely my own feeling, 




iientiDg BIX oonstollatlons. All eigbt««a eTid?Dll> 
origintuJy formed part of a casket. CukcU with 
like CATvioKs are hj qo means uocommoD; one very 
fine example, formerly belonging to the chnrch of 
Veroli, is in the South Kensinfjrton Maseom; 
another on which the labours of Hercules are 
SDulplurcd was, until two years ago, at Volterra; 
nnd uiany otheni could be mentioned. Few 
arcbteologLBts now doubt that such are of Byz:in- 
tine work, nod not earlier in genenil than the 
«leTeuth or twelfth centuries; but it is not ton;; 
since antiquaries, deceived by their pseudo- 
classical style, supposed them to date from the 
earlier ce